Check Synchronizing Relay

The KAVS is a check synchronizing relay for application to feeders on transmission, sub-transmission and distribution systems. As a part of the K range of relays, the KAVS can be integrated into an overall protection and control system by utilizing its integral serial communications facility. The KAVS checks that the voltage, phase angle and frequency on either side of an open circuit breaker are such that it is safe to close. It provides the check synchronizing or dead line/bus interlocks required for some auto-reclose applications. It also provides split system detection, and check synchronizing interlocks for manual reconnection following a system split. Two voltage phase angle comparators are included, identical in operation, but having different angle, slip frequency and timer settings. This allows different check synchronizing conditions to be selected for auto-reclosing and manual circuit breaker closing. The phase angle comparator is normally applied for auto-reclosing, and the system angle comparator for manual circuit breaker closing. KEY FEATURES
> Selectable undervoltage blocking and differential voltage blocking features > Flexible operating logic options via software function links > Measurement of line and busbar voltage, system frequency and phase angle slip frequency > IEC 870-5 compatible communications via K-Bus Customer Benefits • Compact numeric relay • User friendly interface • Flexible operating logic > Integral event recorder accessible from a remote PC > Comprehensive self-checking and alarms > Integral disturbance recorder accessible from a remote PC

> KAVS100


live line/dead bus. line voltage frequency and slip frequency. with the right side being negative. To allow the circuit breaker to be closed onto an uncharged line. Manual closure is blocked if these values exceed the system angle and system slip settings. The program then acts as an imaginary current flowing left to right. counters and timers that are implemented in the software. These allow reclosure when the voltage on the line and/or the bus VT is below a preset value. but having different angle. slip frequency and timer settings. acting upon the components on the rungs of the ladder as appropriate. It presents this in the form of contacts. It also provides split system detection. Selectable undervoltage and differential voltage measurements are available to block closure if the line and bus voltages are not compatible. This allows different check synchronizing conditions to be selected for autoreclosing and manual circuit breaker closing. It provides the check synchronizing or dead line/bus interlocks required for some auto-reclose applications. Primary display quantities are based on the VT ratios set in the relay. the left side of the ladder is analogous to a positive supply rail. Typical application diagram (Figure 4) shows the input and output functions assigned as a factory default setting. A dedicated watchdog output with 1 normally open and 1 normally closed contact is also available. > Scheme Logic The KAVS uses ladder logic (Figure 1) to implement the scheme. phase angle and frequency on either side of an open circuit breaker are such that it is safe to close. There are 8 programmable outputs. identical in operation. FUNCTIONS > Check Synchronization The relay checks that the two parts of the system are in synchronism by measuring the angle and the slip frequency between the line voltage and the bus voltage. Two voltage phase angle comparators are included.APPLICATION The KAVS checks that the voltage. Changes to the scheme can be made through a user interface by opening or closing software function links. External inputs Break Software relay coil Software relay Fig 1 Example of ladder logic Make Function Timer Output Make 2>3 . and check synchronizing interlocks for manual reconnection following a system split. > Inputs and Outputs KAVS has 8 optically isolated inputs which may be reassigned by the user with any of the available functions from the setting menu. Auto-reclose is blocked if these values exceed the phase angle and slip frequency settings. ANCILLARY FEATURES > Measurements The relay can display the magnitude of the line and bus voltages. Full details of the scheme logic used are included in the service manual (see Additional Information). The measurements can be selected by the user to be displayed as either primary or secondary quantities. and the system angle comparator for manual circuit breaker closing. In operation. each comprising a relay with 1 normally open contact which may also be reassigned by the user. to match the scheme to a particular application. coils. The phase angle comparator is normally applied for autoreclosing. These quantities can provide a default setting on the LCD situated on the relay frontplate. dead line/dead bus and dead line/live bus detectors are included.

Continuous self-monitoring. The front panel contains a 2 x 16 character alphanumeric back-lit liquid crystal display (LCD) and 4 push buttons to provide local access to the relay's menu. local setting change or operation of a control function. and can store one complete record. Software is available to enable the events to be downloaded to a PC.e. The microcontroller performs all of the major software functions such as input signal processing. which resets the watchdog contact. Alarms are also stored as events. in the form of watchdog circuitry. The recorder can be triggered from selectable software signals. Data is sampled 8 times per cycle and each channel can store up to 512 samples. memory checks and analogue input module tests. scheme logic. or will attempt a recovery. microprocessor. • The on/off states of the digital inputs and relay outputs can be displayed. the relay will either stop operating. These tests include checks on the timer. In the event of a failure.> Event Records Fifty events are stored in a non-volatile buffer. ac voltage and a K-Bus communications port. is stored in the relay with a resolution of 1ms. output relay control and handling of the operator interface. i. Software is available to allow records to be accessed and displayed by a PC. Standard Midos terminal blocks are located at the rear of the relay providing connections for all input and output circuits such as dc supply. trip. is also performed. Any change of state of a control input or output relay. relay healthy. suitable for either rack or panel mounting as shown in Figure 5. > Disturbance Records The internal disturbance recorder has up to 2 analogue. 16 digital and 1 time channel. memory and the analogue input circuitry. > Test Features A number of features are provided to enable the relay to be thoroughly tested during commissioning. alarm. depending on the type of failure detected. > Power-on diagnostics and self-monitoring Power-on diagnostic tests are carried out by the relay when it is energized. routine maintenance and fault finding operations: • The measurement functions allow the analogue input and its associated wiring to be checked. There are also 3 light emitting diodes (LED) for visual indication of the relay's status. > Hardware Description The relay is housed in a Midos size 4 case. Figure 2 Communications terminal arrangement K bus screened 2 core cable . A highly integrated 16-bit microcontroller uses digital signal processing techniques to analyze power system quantities and implement scheme logic.

In the Courier system. Relay 32 Relay 4 Relay 3 Relay 2 Relay 1 Figure 3 Basic communication system Protocol converter Desktop computer PC RS232 K-Bus 4>5 Highly flexible and reliable hinged armature relays . all information resides within the relay. Global commands may also be given to all relays on the network. The K-Bus is connected through a protocol converter known as KITZ. This can be done with the cover in place. related items (menu cells) are grouped. A pictorial representation of this is shown in Figure 3. Each relay is directly addressable over the bus to allow communication with any selected relay. The K-Bus connection is shown in Figure 3. Each time communication is established with the relay. enable/disable settings. > Remote Access User Interface The menu table can also be accessed via the remote communications facility. but any change to the settings requires the cover to be removed. The Courier language has been developed specifically for the purpose of developing generic PC programs that will. either directly or via a modem. The menu is arranged in the form of a table. Separate conventional cabling is used for this purpose. The KITZ provides signals over the bus which are RS485 based and are transmitted at 64kbits/s. This allows all of the menu cells in a column to be displayed simultaneously on the screen of a PC. This system allows up to 32 relays to be accessed through one RS232 communications port. This provides access to the event recorder and other additional functions. i. to the RS232 port of the PC. The protocol includes extensive error checking routines to ensure the system remains reliable and secure. without modification. protection function characteristic selection and scheme logic settings. It should be noted that protection tripping and blocking signals are not routed via the K-Bus. Additional software entitled 'Protection Access Software & Toolkit' is available.USER PANEL INTERFACE > Front Panel User Interface The features of the relay can be accessed through a menu driven system. Up to 32 relays may be connected in parallel across the bus. the requested information is loaded to the PC. twisted wire pair known as K-Bus. Changes to a menu cell can be made from the PC keyboard. > Communications Protocol The communications protocol used with K Range relays is designated Courier. any accidental change to which could seriously affect the ability of the relay to perform its intended function.e. > Relay Interconnection The relays are interconnected via a shielded. where appropriate the isolated 48V dc supply available on each relay is used to energize the optically-isolated inputs via external contacts. > Password Protection Password protection is provided on settings which alter the configuration of the relay. Software is available with each KITZ to provide access to the relay to read and change settings. into each column of which. communicate with any device using the Courier language. The user can move around the menu by means of the keys on the frontplate.

Figure 4 Typical application diagram KAVS .

6W 4.02VA at 110V phase/neutral > Transformer ratios • Voltage transformers 1 : 1 to 9999 : 1 • Auxiliary voltage The burden on the auxiliary supply depends upon the number of output relays and control inputs energized.4.5V to 132V 5V to line/bus line voltage Line/bus dead voltage to 132V 48V dc (current limit: 60mA) • Line/bus dead voltage • Line/bus live voltage > Burdens • AC Voltage 0.75 .20.8.5W 7.9VA 6.01s to 300s after manual close > Voltage Settings • Undervoltage • Differential voltage 22V to 132V 0.0 .005Hz to 2.2s 5A continuous 50W resistive 25W inductive (L/R = 0.1s to 99s 0.12VA 7.005Hz to 2.04s at 300V max) > Phase angle settings • Phase angle • System angle • System split 5° to 90° 5° to 90° 90° to 175° dc > Slip frequency settings • Phase angle check • System angle check 0.3W 4.1s to 99s 0. No of output relays DC Supply 0 2 8 0 2 8 No of control inputs 0 2 8 0 2 8 Typical burden > Digital inputs Opto isolated inputs Eight energized from 48V field voltage • Nominal rating • Off voltage • On voltage 50V dc ≤12V ≥35V AC Supply 2.000Hz 0.6 .5 .000Hz KAVS Check Synchronizing Relay 6>7 .0VA > Contacts • Output relays • Contact ratings Make: Carry: Break: Eight single make 30A and carry for 0.0 .TECHNICAL DATA > Ratings • Inputs: AC Voltage Vn (nominal) Operating range Maximum withstand Auxiliary voltage Vx Frequency Frequency Range • Output: Field Voltage > Time settings • Phase angle check delay • System angle check delay 57V to 120V 0 to 440V 375V 24/125V or 48/250 ac or dc 50/60Hz 45Hz to 65Hz • System split time • Auto-reclose inhibit 0.01s to 600s 0.5 .

11 INFORMATION REQUIRED WITH ORDER Unit 100 Configuration Standard Case size Size 4 Midos flush mounting Auxiliary voltage 24/125V 48/250V Ratings Vn = 57.7/120V Language English E J 2 5 T 1 0 1 KAVS 100 0 1 T 1 J E GLOSSARY: Courier A communications language developed to provide generic control.> Durability • Loaded contact • Unloaded contact 10. data extraction and setting changes on remote devices (primarily on protective relays) within the substation environment. 103 Figure 5 Case outline size 4 Flush mounting. 168 97 4 holes Ø 4.000 operations minimum CASE The relay is housed in a size 4 Midos case as shown in Figure 5. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION 177 KAVS 100 service manual R8506 157 max. All dimensions in mm.000 operations minimum 100. KITZ The interface unit which converts between K-Bus and IEC870 format data. > Communications port (K-Bus) • Transmission mode • Signal levels • Message format • Data rate • Connection • K-Bus cable • K-Bus cable length • K-Bus loading • Connector • Isolation Synchronous RS485 HDLC 64 kbits/s Multidrop (32 units) Screened twisted pair 1000m (maximum) 32 units (multi-drop system) Screw terminals 2kV rms for 1 minute 32 212 Push button projection 10 max.4 52 23.5 159 99 Panel cut-out: Flush mounting fixing details. monitoring. K-Bus The 64 bit/s twisted pair cable used to connect Courier compatible devices and transfer courier data. 25 min. PC Personal computer .

AREVA TRACK RECORD CHECK SYNCHRONIZING RELAYS >> MAVS relays launched in 1985.000 MAVS relays delivered >> KAVR relays launched in 1993.© .Printed in France . Whilst every effort is made to produce up to date literature. AREVA. Over 2.AREVA .com Our policy is one of continuous development. Its contents do not constitute an offer for sale or advise on the application of any product referred to in it.2004. are the property of their owners. offering additional features with numerical relay technology. MiCOM is a registered trademark of AREVA.areva-td.areva-td.: +44 (0) 1785 250 070 www.com/contactcentre/ Tel. . Over 16.04-0791-GB. Accordingly the design of our products may change at any time.000 KAVS relays delivered AREVA T&D Worldwide Contact Centre: http://www. AUTOMATION-L3-KAVS-BR-12. We cannot be held responsible for any reliance on any decisions taken on its contents without specific advice.389191982 RCS PARIS .SONOVISION-ITEP . the AREVA logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of AREVA. All trade names or trademarks mentioned herein whether registered or not. this brochure should only be regarded as a guide and is intended for information purposes only.