The simple past expresses an action in the past taking place once, never, several times.

It can also be used for actions taking place one after another or in the middle of another
action.

Form of Simple Past
Positive
no
differences

Negative

Question

I spoke. I did not speak. Did I speak?

For irregular verbs, use the past form (see list of irregular verbs, 2nd column). For
regular verbs, just add “ed”.

Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’
Exceptions in spelling when adding ed
Example
after a final e only add d
love – loved
final consonant after a short, stressed vowel admit – admitted
or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled travel – travelled
final y after a consonant becomes i
hurry – hurried

Use of Simple Past

action in the past taking place once, never or several times
Example: He visited his parents every weekend.

actions in the past taking place one after the other
Example: He came in, took off his coat and sat down.

action in the past taking place in the middle of another action
Example: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang.

if sentences type II (If I talked, …)
Example: If I had a lot of money, I would share it with you.

Signal Words of Simple Past

yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday

he /toschool/go ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 6. ……………………………………… 5. Put the time expression at the end of the sentence. 3. on holiday. The children …………in the garden. they / a hamster / have ……………………………………………………………………………………………. We ………………………at school.Complete the sentences with was or were. It………………. You ……………angry. ……………………………………… 2. I …………. I / hungry / be ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 1. 1. He…………………. we / in London / live ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 9.in London last week. ……………………………………… 8. cold. They …………. 5. Later translate sentences into Spanish. ……………………………………… 4.. Translate into Spanish. ……………………………………… 9. 8. he / the question / answer ……………………………………………………………………………………………..at home. 10. 2. 4. ……………………………………… 3. 7. we / a mountain / climb ……………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………… 6.. You…………………… at the cinema. Translate into Spanish. ……………………………………… Write positive sentences in simple past. John / stamps / collect ……………………………………………………………………………………………. The cat ………………on the roof. She ………………. morning Mon football afternoon cinema Tue shopping Wed meeting Thu ring Jane tennis English Italian restaurant Fri buy flowers Sat concert Sun sailing . they / us / call ……………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………… 7. ……………………………………… 10. Have a look at James's last week's diary and answer the questions in complete sentences. you / a question / ask ……………………………………………………………………………………………. happy. the dog / bark …………………………………………………………………………………………….

When was the concert? →……………………………………………………. When did he go sailing? →……………………………………………………… Rewrite the sentences in the negative. →…………………………………………………………. You jumped high. When did he ring Jane? →…………………………………………………………... When did he go to the cinema? →……………………………………………… 9. 11. 10. →……………………………………………………… 4. 9. 3. →……………………………………………. →……………………………………………………. When did he play tennis? →………………………………………………………. I bought bread. They collected postcards. 6. 5.. Albert played squash. →…………………………………………………………… 8. Fiona visited her grandma. 10. He washed the car. 7... →………………………………………………………………... →………………………………………………………………. 5.. When did he go shopping? →…………………………………………………… 3. When did he play football? →…………………………………………………… 6. 4..1. You saw the house. →………………………………………………………….. You were thirsty. He had a computer. When did he buy flowers? →……………………………………………………. When was his English course? →………………………………………………. 8.. 7. The teacher tested our English. →………………………………………………………………. When was his meeting? →………………………………………………………. 2... When did he go to the Italian restaurant? →…………………………………….. Translate into spanis and underline irregular verbs! 1.. → …………………………………………………… 2. .