Vidyasagar University

Midnapore – 721 102

Revised

3 YR DEGREE SYLLABUS IN PHYSICS (H & G)
on 3 – TIRE EXAM PATTERN W. E. F. 2006 - 2007

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VIDYASAGAR UNIVERSITY, MIDNAPORE - 721 102 SYLLABUS IN PHYSICS (HONOURS AND GENERAL) 3 TIRE EXAMS PATTERN
Honours Course:
The entire course is divided into eight Papers with total 800 marks to be studied in three years. At the end of 1st year there will be Part - I examination of two theoretical papers (Paper I, II), at the end of 2nd year two theoretical papers and one practical paper in Part II examination. At the end of 3rd year there will be one theoretical paper and two practical papers in Part III examination. Final result will be determined on the basis of Part – I, Part – II and Part – III examination taken together. Each theory paper is of 90 marks for external and 10 marks allotted for internal assessment. A number of tutorial classes have been allotted for each course for group discussion, problem session and demonstration experiments or general guide line on different aspects. Three tire Examination pattern Part I 100 x 2 Theory 90 x 2 external 10 x 2 internal Part II 100 x 2 Theory + 100 Practical 90 x 2 external theory 10 x 2 internal theory 90 x 1 external practical 10 x 1 internal practical Part III 100 x 1 Theory + 100 x 2 practical 90 x 1 external theory 10 x 1 internal theory 90 x 2 external Practical 10 x 2 internal Practical

Part - I Examination Theory Paper I Paper II Paper I 100 marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10) 100marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10)

Full marks - 100 (Theory), [150 + 20 Lectures], Time: 4 hrs. Group A Mathematical methods of Physics (60 lectures) Group B Classical Mechanics I (48 lectures) Group C General properties of matter and fluid mechanics (23 lectures) Group D Vibration, Waves and Acoustics (39 lectures) Full Marks 100 (Theory), [150 + 20 Lectures], Time : 4 Hrs. Group A Geometrical Optics (21 lectures) Group B Physical optics (47 lectures) Group C Heat (42 lectures) Group D Group E Thermodynamics (40 lectures) Relativity (20 lectures)

Paper II

Part –II Examination Theory Paper III - 100 marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10)
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Paper IV - 100 marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10) Practical Paper V – 100 marks Paper III Full Marks 100 (Theory), [University written Exam 90 + College Internal Group A Group B Group C Group D Assessment 10], [150 + 20 Lectures], Time : 4 Hrs. Electrostatics (35 lectures) Electricity and Magnetism and motion of charged particle in electromagnetic field. (70 lectures) Electromagnetic Theory and Plasma (35 lectures) Electronics I (30 lectures)

Paper IV - Full Marks 100 (Theory), [University written Exam 90 + College Internal Group A Group B Group C Group D Group E Assessment 10], [150 + 20 Lectures], Time : 4 Hrs. Classical Mechanics II (21 lectures) Statistical Mechanics( 23 lectures) LASER and Instruments (43 lectures) Atomic and Molecular Physics (27 lectures) Nuclear Physics + Cosmic Ray + Particle Physics (56 lectures)

Paper V - Practical Full Marks 100 Time: 6 Hrs. x 2 days Group A 40 Marks (LNB - 5, Viva - 5, Expt - 30) Group B 50 Marks (LNB - 5, Viva - 5, Expt - 40) Group C 10 Marks - Computer application Examination of Gr A & C will be held in one day and Gr B in another day. Part – III Examination Paper VI - Full Marks 100 (Theory), [University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10], [150 + 20 Lectures], Time : 4 Hrs. Group A Electronics II (65 Lectures) Group B Solid state Physics (37 Lectures) Group C Paper VII – Practical Group A Group B Paper VIII(a) - Practical Group A Group B Paper VIII(b) Quantum Mechanics (68 Lectures) Time : 6 Hrs.

Full Marks - 100 40 Marks 60 Marks

Group A Full Marks - 70 Time: 6 Hrs. Non Electronic Expt. - 55 Marks (Expt. 45, LNB-5, Viva-5) Computer Practice - 15 Marks

Project

30 marks (Experimental based)

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Legendre and Hermite Polynomials differential equation. M . Matrices [8 L] Inverse of a matrix. Eigen values and eigenvectors. conservative and dissipative force and concept of potential. concept of tensor. Functions of several variables . curl. Hermitian and Unitary matrices. Partial differential equations [8 L] Solution by seperation of variables. evaluation of surface & volume integrals. Rodrigue formula. Vector Analysis [21 L] Fundamental concepts of vector algebra. orthonormal properties. Change of variables & the Jacobian. gradient. spherical polar and cylindrical systems with application in wave equation. Matrix algebra. cylindrical and spherical polar co-ordinates.Partial differentiation. Diagonalisation of matrices with non degenerate eigen values. Differential equalions [10 L] Solution of second order differential equation with constant coefficient & variable coefficient by Forbenius method. Gauss’s divergence theorem. Random variable and probabilities.Syllabus in Physics (Honours) Paper – I (150 + 20 Lectures) F. Time and path integral of force. Differentiation and integration of vectors. Statistical expectation value. Tutorials [5 L] Group B Classical Mechanics I (48 lectures) 1. 5. Particle Dynamics [11 L] Velocity and acceleration of a particle in plane polar. generatory recursion relation. scalar and vector products. 4. Divergence and Curl of a vector field. Variance.100 marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10) Group A Mathematical Methods of Physics [60 Lectures] 1. Gaussian and Poisson distribution. Gradient. Preliminary Topics [8 L] Analytic functions and Taylor’s series expansion.simple applications. Centre 4 . Similarity transformation. Orthogonal curvilinear coordinates unit vector. Laplacian in spherical and cylindrical polar systems. 3. Laplace’s equation in Cartesian. Stokes’ theorem and Green’s theorem . 2. 6. Divergence.

Rotating frame reference. 2. Angular momentum. wave equation. Rotational motion [16 L] Moment of inertia & radius of gyration.applications. Rocket motion. 3. group velocity.of mass of a system of particles. equation of continuity. Q factor of an oscillator. Capillary rise. 4.simple examples. 2. resonance. low and high frequency responses. Motion of a rigid body. terms from force equations. Two body problem. Plane wave & spherical wave. Cantilever vibration of a canlever. Precessional motion. Anharmonic oscillator. Tutorial [5 L] Group D Vibrations. Stokes law. phase velocity.inertial frame of reference. Surface tension. Viscous fluids. Euler’s equation. Development of SHO & other anharmonic. dispersion. Excess pressure on a curved liquid surface. Linear momentum. potential & Intensity due to a spherical body. principal axes. Keplar’s laws of planetary motion. critical damping. Forced vibration. Eigen frequency and normal modes. Critical velocity. Waves [12 L] Progressive wave in one dimension and in three dimension. Gravitation and central force problem [16 L] Gravitational potential and intensity. their interrelations. Tutorial [5 L] Group C (23 lectures) 1. displacement relation. Fourier analysis in some simple cases. Nature of orbits under attractive inverse square field. Moment of inertia about any axis. Corriolis and Centrifugal forces . angular momentum and equations of motion. Beam supported at both the ends. Poiseully equation. Concept of equilibrium. Stability of orbit. Ellipsoid of inertia and inertia tensor.application in each case. binary stars. 2. General properties of matter and Fluid Mechanics [18 L] Elastic constants of an isotropic solid. 5 . Motion under central force. Surface energy. Laplaces’ equation . Bending of beam. molecular interpretation. Kinematics of fluid motion. Lissagous figures. coupled pendulum. Fourier series & Fourier coefficients. reduced mass. Intensity. Stream line and terbulant flow. Bernoulli’s theorem . Vibrations [12 L] Potential energy vs. Gauss’s theorem. Gravitational self energy. flow through a capillary tube. top. Waves & Acoustics (39 lectures) 1. Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. energy transfers between modes. Tortion in a cylinder. inertial and non. Bending moment and shearing force. Damped oscillation.

I. R.N. Principle of sonar system. Advanced accoustics . Main 6 . 3. detection & application of ultrasonic waves. J. Advanced Mathematics .C. C. interference in space and energy distribution.Takwale & Pusanik Mechanics . Speed of longitudinal waves in a field. Raychowdhury Mathematics for Physicists & Engineers .M. 5. Doppler effect. quality of sound. 5. C. Normal modes of a bounded system. Rana & V. 4. beats.Rajput & Gupta Classical Mechanics & General Properties of Matter & Fluid Mechanics: 1. Spiegal 2. R. Newmann & V H L Searle Berkelay Physics Course Vol . Waves & Accoustics : 1. combinational tones. 4. R. reverberation & Sabines formula. eigen frequencies & eigen modes for plucked & struck string. 4. Chattopadhyay & P. 3. G. Yoga Mechanics . Mechanics . Transducer and their characteristics. Harper 2. 7. Introduction to Mathematical Physics . Intensity & loudness. Shock waves.M. Acoustics [10 L] Vibrations in bounded system. Asok Ghosh. bel and phon. Superposition of waves . Waves & Accoustics . Tutorial [5L] Paper I Books Mathematical Methods of Physics : 1. 6. Acoustics of halls. The Physics of vibrations & waves .F. Theoretical Mechanics . D. Vibration. 3.Satya Prakash Mechanics & General Properties of matter . 6.superposition principle.Piper Mathematical Physics . P. Symon Feynnman Lectures on Physic Vol. frequency and intensity. Sengupta.S. 1 Mechanics .Speed of transverse waves in a uniform string. Rakshit 3.1 Vibration. Spiegal Vector & Tensor analysis . recording & reproduction of sound.D. measurement of velocity. 8. N.D. Maity General Properties of matter . harmonics. 9.D. Raychowdhury & S. H. R.M. Noise & Music.K. energy density & intensity of waves. Spiegal Tattiya Padarthabidyar Bhumika. Production. Raychowdhury 2. P.

Tutorials [3 L] Group B Physical Optics (47 lectures) 1. Farrady effect.Matrix method of Paraxial optics. Straight edge. explanation of rectilinear propagation. Kerr effect. 2. Tutorial (5 L) Group C Heat (42 lectures) 7 . 3. Ghosh Physics of vibrations & waves . difference of two wave lengths and standardizations of metre. I. half and quarter wave plates.Biprism & Leoyd’s mirror expt. Double refraction. Physical optics II (14 L) Polarisation by reflection. Aberration in images. Interference in thin film. Multiple beam interferometer. Double slit and plane diffraction transmission grating. Mathematics of waves & vibrations .Lagrange Laws. Geometrical optics (18 L) Fermat’s principle and its applications . 5. eye pieces . Diffraction: Fresnel’s half period zones. 6. telescope. microscope and transmission grating.H. Fraunhofer diffraction : Diffraction at single slit. concave grating.thick lens and lens combinations. Michelson interferometer .R. Febry-Perot interferometer and etalon applications. 2. Magnification. Seidal aberration. Physical optics I (28 L) Wave theory of light: Huygen’s principle . paraxial approximation. telephoto lenses.application to measure wave length. Optical activity and its origin in liquid and crystals (Polarimeter). Achromatic combination of lenses. Newton’s ring.4. Preliminary idea. Cardinal points of an optical system .Rathindra Nath Chowdhury Paper – II (150 + 20 Lectures) F. M . fringes of equal inclination and equal thickness. Circular apertures and circular disc. oil immersion objectives.100 marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10) Group A ::Geometrical Optics (21 lectures) 1. Production and analysis of polarised light. Zeeman effect. circular apature and circular disc. Raylaigh criteria of resolution. Helmholtz . Outline of phase contrast microscopy. resolving power of prism. Nicol prism.applications Interference of light: Young’s experiment.Ramsdan & Huygen. K. Brewster’s law. spatial and temporal coherence . polaroids. aplenetic points of a sphere. Pain Waves & oscillations .

(Adiabatic Demagnetization) Heat engines Refrigerators 3. Fourier equation of heat conduction and its application to rectilinear. Production and measurement of low temperature . Ehrenfest criterion. spherical and cylindrical flow of heat.s. Cannot cycle and Carnot’s theorem. and most probable speeds. Zero’th law of thermodynamics. Equilibrium between phases. Entropy change in some simple reversible & irreversible process. Wien’s and Rayleigh .m.Jeans law. Diffusivity. Heat transfer (14 L) Thermal conductivity. Helmholtz and Gibb’s force energies. Importance of convection in atmospheric physics. Kirchoff’s law.1. Planck’s law (no deduction). Compression & Absorption type (Preliminary idea) Tutorials (5 L) 8 . Kinetic theory of gases (18 L) Deduction of Perfect Gas law. Otto and Diesel Cycles. Thermodynamics I (20 L) Thermodynamic variables & static functions. Second law of thermodynamics.varios applications. Mean free path. 4. Black body rediation. Einstein’s theory. Viscosity. Thermodynamic scale of temperature. adiabatic lapse rate. Thermal conduction and diffusion in gases. application to thermodynamic. Brownian motion. Joule . Clausius Clapeyron’s equation. Clausius inequality and Principle of increase of entropy. 3. Stefan Boltzmann law. 2. Van-der-waal’s equation of state. Maxwell’s distribution law (interms of velocity and energy). First and higher order phase transition. Impossibility of attaining absolute zero (third law of thermodynamics). Thermodynamics II (15 L) Enthalpy. reversible and irreversible processes classics and integrality and . Specific heat. Critical constants. 2. Perrin’s work to determine Avogadro number. Firat law of Thermodynamics. Equipartition of energy. r. Maxwell’s relations . Boyle temperature. adiabatic expansion of gases. Gibb’s phase rule and applications.Thomeon effect. trible point. Other equation of state (mention only). Real Gases (5 L) Isothermals of real gases. Entropy. Virial co-efficient. Solar temperature & rediation pyrometer. work done in isothermal and adiabatic changes in perfect & real gases. regenerative cooling & cascade cooling liquifiction of gases. Tutorial [5 L] Group D Thermodynamics ( 40 lectures) 1.

White Optics .simultaneity . 3.Saha & Srivastava Thermodynamics . 7.Lorentz transformation . Physical optis .Lipson & Lipson Heat and Thermodynamics 1.Zemansky and Dittman Kinetic theory of gases . Postulates of special theory of relativity . Thomson Bhouto Alokvigyan – Bijoy Sankar Basak Optical Physics . Mean energy equivalence. 9 . 2.R. Introduction to special theory of Relativity . invariance of an interval time like.F. Tutorials [2 L] Paper II Books Optics 1.A. 3. space like and light like intervals. G. Kroner A Treatise on heat . 2. Astronomical aberration. K. Heat and Thermodynamics . A. 2. B. Gupta Tapgati Vidya – Ashok Ghosh Relativity 1.length contraction . Four vectors. 8. Fizeau’s expt and Mischelson-Morley expt.time dilation and velocity addition theorem. Mathur Optics .B. Special theory of Relativity (18L): Newtonian relativity.C. 4. Resnick Special theory of Relativity .Loeb Thermal Physics . K. Light cone causality.Longhurt Fundamentals of optics . contradiction between Newtonian relativity and electro dynamics.E. Variation of mass with velocity. 8.Group E Relativity (20 lectures) 1. 6. E. Fermi Gaser Anabik Tatta – Pradip Kumar Choudhury Heat and Thermodynamics .Optics . 5. 2. 4.A P French Apakhik Tatta – Sri Ranjan Banerjee. Ray & A. Born & Wolf Manchester Physics Series . 6. 5.F. Gallition transformation. P. Doppler effect in light. 3. Smith & J.H. Jenkins & H. H. energy momentum relation. Invariance of Maxwell’s equation. Kittel & H.M. 7. Ghatak Geometrical and Physical optics .

Planer charge. Spherical shell.monopole. spherical and cyllindrical capacitors containing dielectrics (uniform and nonuniform).parallel plate. electrostatic field energy. Current loop . Electrostatic field & potential (15L) Coulomb’s law. Gauss’s theorem . Ampere’s circuital law. 4. Application of Laplace’s equation in simple cases of symmetric charge distribution. Dielectrics : (10 L) Polarisation. Magnetic materials (18 L) 10 . work done in deflecting a dipole. Magnetic field (14 L) → Lorentz Force and magnetic field B .magnetic dipole.B [70 L] Electricity & Magnetism & Motion of Charged Particle in Electro Magnetic Field 1. Line charge. Force between two parallel current carrying conductor.Biot . Boundary value problem in uniform external field for a conducting spherical shell and dielectric sphere. Calculation of vector potential and field in simple cases . Potential and field due to a dipole. M . super position theorem. capacitors . Magnetic dipoles in atoms & molecules.Dipole interaction.Part . etc.straight wire. Magnetic field due to currents .II Paper III (150 + 20 Lectures) F. Geomagnetic ratio. Potential and field due to different charge distributions. Tutorial(5 L) Group . electrets. tension.its application. 2. electronic & molecular contributions. boundary conditions. 2. dipole and quadrupoles. intensity and potential. energy associated with field.100 marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10) Group A Electrostatics [35 L] 1. Electrical images (5 L) Solution of field problems by method of images.Mossotti relation. Point charge near a conducting plane. Ampere’s theorem. Dipole . 3.Savart’s law. Torque on a current loop. Claussius . Multi pole expansion of scalar potential .dielectric sphere in an uniform field. Force on dipole in a non homogeneous field. Magnetic vector potential. electric displacement vector (D). Polarizability. uniqueness theorem. Gauss’s theorem in dielectric media. poisson’s and laplace’s equations. circular current & solenoid Galvanometer. Field of a polarised sphere .

Motion of charged particles in E & B fields (5L) → → Millikan oil drop expt. Krichhoff’s laws and application. Poynting vector and Poynting’s theorem. Mass spectrography. Complex impedance. Magnetic scalar potential. Positive ray parabola. Kelvin double bridge.LCR circuit Oscillatory discharge. Earth inductor. magnetic focussing. Elementary theory of transformer. callender grifith bridge. Theory of rotating magnetic field . Energy density of field. 5. E . 3. delta and star connection and transformation. Reflection and refraction at plane boundary. power dissipation. Polarizations on reflection . Magnetisation. Reciprocity theorem. Three phase electrical power supply.M waves in conducting medium (5 L) 11 .Free current and bound current. velocity selectors. Ballistic galvanometer and flux meter. Introduction of H . gauge invariance. Growth and decay of current in charging and discharging a capacitor . 3. Electromagnetic induction. Alternating current. wave equation (3 L): Wave Equation. surface & volume density of current distribution.M waves in an isotropic dielectric. Inductancs in series & parallel. boundary condition. Hysteresis and energy loss in Ferro magnetic materials. Generalisation of Ampere’s law (5 L): Displacement current. Ampere’s law in forms of force current density. T and π networks. Boundary condition of B and H . LCR circuit in series & parallal.induction motor. E . (Charge quatisation).Brewster’s law . Fresnel’s formula. Magnetic circuits. A. Maxwell’s field equations. Transverse nature of fields. Magnetisation non uniform magnetisation of matter. wave equation for electromagnetic field & its solution plane and spherical wave solutions. bridges Thevinin’s theorem. Energy stored in magnetic field. Power transfer theorem. Application of Laplace’s equation to the problems of magnetic sphere in uniform magnetic field. 2. Norton’s theorem. reactance. Non-ohmic circuitry Thermister & LDR. Electric current and circuits : (28 L) → → → Non steady current & continuity equation. Max. Reflection & Transmission coefficient.total internal reflection. Tutorial (5 L) Group C Electromagnetic Theory and Plasma (35L) 1. C. Q Factor. Wheatsons bridge. resonance. 4. calculation of self & mutual induction in simple cases. relation between E & B.

Bipolar Junction Transitor (BJT) (8L) Current component in junction transistor. absorptive and dispersive mode. 3. photo diodes. 2. 4. Dispersion (5 L) Equation of motion of electron in radiation field . Half power frequency & band width. Space charge and temperature limited current. Tutorials (5 L) Group D Electronics I (30 L) 1. space charge and electric field distribution at junctions. α and β of transistors and their relations. conversion of one system to another. characteristics in CB & CE modes. Sell Meier & Cauchy’s formula. cut off.V characteristics and use of zenar as voltage regulator.Lorentz theory of dispersion . Elementary application of triode valve. condition for plasma existence. insulator and semiconductor. extrinsic semiconductor. Propagation E . avalanche and zenar breakdown. depletion region. Potential distribution. saturation and active regions. power gain.stability factors. decimal and hexadecimal systems. 1’s complement and 2’s complement of binary number. CC and CE amplifiers. I .Wave equation in conducting medium. input and output impedances.normal and anomalous. biasing of a transistor . hybrid parameters and small signal single stage low frequency CE amplifier (analysis with h parameter model) current and voltage gains. Rayleigh scattering blue of sky. (Qualitative discussions only) 7. forward and reverse biased junctions. Analysis of half and full wave rectifiers. binary addition & subtraction. 5. comparison of CB. Output characteristics . Boolean algebra (2L) Binary. p-n junction. Radiation from an oscillating dipole & its polarisation. 12 . absorption. light emitting diodes. effect of source resistance. Diodes (6L) Conductor. 6. Child-Langmuir law. emitter followers.M waves between parallel & conducting (ionized) plates in wave guides. Scattering (2L) Scattering of a radiation by bound charge.load line and Q point. Basic concept on Plasma : (5L) Discharge of electricity through gases. 8. concept of hole. Power supply.skin effect and skin depth. Richardson’s law (no derivation). 4. Bridge rectifier with C and π filter. Concept of retarded potentials. Reflection & transmission at metallic surface . Schottky effect. Thermiomic emission and vacuum Tubes (4L) Thermiomic emission and work function. Radiation from accelerated charges (5L) Modification of Coulomb’s law to include velocity and acceleration dependent terms in E field.

D. 8.A M Portis Electricity & Magnetism – Matveeb Plasma Physics – S. 10. Berklay Physics Course II . Combination of gates to obtain different Boolean functions.Electricity and Magnetism and electromagnetic theory and Plasma.J Millman and A Gabriel 5. C. Electronic fundamentals and applications . Electronic circuits – L. Electronic devices and circuit theory . C. Halkias 4. circuit of NOT gates using transistor.J H Fewkes & J Yarwood Electricity and Magnetism . Schelling and Velove 8. 11.Pugh & Pugh Electromagnetic fields . 7. Chattopadhyaya and P. 3. NOT gates .Reitz.A P Mallvino. Electronic devices . circuits of AND and OR gates using diodes and transistors. 13 . OR.A F Kip Electricity and Magnetism . Chatopadhyaya and P. Digital principles and applications .III Books Electrostatics .J.truth tables.D.R Boylestad and L Nashalsky 6. 12. 9. NAND and NOR as universal gate.A S Mahajan & A A Rangawala Principles of Electricity and Magnetism . C. Tutorials (5 L) Paper . Rakshit Electromagnetic theory . 4.J D Ryder 2. 6.E M Purcell Feynman Lectures on Physics Vol II Introduction to Electrodynamics . Sen Electronics 1. Logic gates (5L) AND. 5. Milford and Christy Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism .5. 2. 1. Electronics fundamentals and applications . N. Millman & C. Micro electronics . Integrated Electronics . Rakshit 3. de Morgan’s theorem .D J Griffith Electricity & Magnetism .W D stanley 7. 5.simplification of Boolean expressions.

normal modes and eigen frequencies (19 L). 3 level and 4 level systems. Introduction to micro cannomical.(statement derivation by Lagendre transformation) its application to simple cases. precision measurements of frequency and distance.therionic emission . Bose Einstein condensation. Planck’s law. Canonical transformations.a typical system. attenuation and dispersion. F-D and B-E statistics. Interaction between two systems . 2. pressure. band width and channel capacity . 3.thermal.Optical Fibre core and cladding.Debye theory. total internal reflection. Principle of a priori probabilities. Helium . One dimensional oscillator.Population inversion. entropy and chemical potential. Electron specific heat of methods at low temperature . Definition of Hamiltonian. communication through optical fibre .neon and semiconductor laser. Einstein’s A. Small oscillations . degenrate and non degenerate Fermi gas. Phonons and specific heats of solids . Deribation of M-B.Einsten . free particles functions φ(E) & Ω(E). Canonically conjugate variables. Probability distribution. splicing and coupler. Tutorials [3 L] Group . average properties of a system in equilibrium stage.100 marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10) Group A : Classical Mechanics II (21L) 1. Fermi distribution at zero & non zero temperature. M . Tutorials (2 L) Group B Statistical Mechanics (23 L) 1.[ 10 L ] 2. Third law of thermodynamics. Rayleigh Jeans and Wien laws. cyclic coordinates and conservation principles. D’Alembert principle. B coefficients : feed back of energy in a resonator. 2. Fermi energy.[10L ] 14 . Hamilton’s equation . Statistical definition of temperature.energy loss.Paper IV (150 + 20 Lectures) F. Lagrange’s equation for conservative systems and its applications to simple cases. Laser . Quantum Statistics [12L] Gibb’s paradox. Laser applications. fibre sensor. Poisson brackets.Richandon Dushman equation. constraints and degrees of free com.C Laser & Instruments (43 Lectures) 1. identical particle and symmetry requirement. Fibre optics . Generalised co-ordinates. grand cannonical and cannomical ensembles. holography isotope separation. optical fibre as wave guide : step index and graded index fibre. Statistical Mechanics [8L] Classical description in terms of phase space. mechanical and diffusive.

Particle accelerator . Isobars & Isotones mass spectrometer (Brainbridge) and its uses. Screening constant of monovalent atom. Penning and Pirani gauges. Cosmic ray & Particle physics ( 56 L) 1. H . X-Rays . doublet structure of alkali spectra.Zeeman effect. X-Ray absorption spectra. Atomic and Molecular Physics & X . Photodiodes & charge coupled device (CCD) camera for detection of electromagnetic radiation.application of mass formula to stability consideration. leak detector. cloud chamber.Ray : [22L] Spectrum of hydrogen atom. Spectra of helium & alkaline earth atoms . Raman effect and its application. strong and weak field effects . binding energy.3. Unstable nuclei [14L] 15 . measurement of high vacuum . Lamb & Rutherford expt. Half life of excited states . liquid drop model (descriptive) and Bethe-weizsacker mass formula . diffusion pump.[5 L ] 4. Theory of nuclear forces. Tutorial (5 L) Group E Nuclear Physics. Effect of magnetic field on energy levels. Vacuum Techniques . magnetic moment. semiconductor detectors for charged particles & γ-ray detectors.singlet & triplet series.basic theory. mass. conductance and pumping speed. spin. Isotope. Four quantum numbers. Properties of nuclei [9L] Nuclear charge. synchrotron. Diatomic molecule. Doublet line structure of hydrogen lines. Selection rule.Doppler broadening. rotary oil pump. 2. Tutorials [5 L] Group D Atomic & Molecular Physics ( 27 L) 1.vibration & rotation spectra. vector atom model. Nuclear stability & nuclear binding. rotational & vibrational energy levels . Doublet fine structure. Lande g factor.Mcleod. [ 5 L ] 5.[8L] 6. proportional counter GM counters. spark chambers. 2.Production of vacuum. size. X-Ray spectra. Shell model (qualitative discussions).S coupling. isospin. continuous and characteristics. electron storage ring (ESR) and linear accelerator.Duane & Hunt limit. gyromagnetic ratio of orbital & spin motions.Cyclotron & Betatron .width of spectral line . Detectors – Ionization chamber. Moseley’s law. Scintillation counters.like character of X-Ray states. L . electric quadrapole moment.

neutrino.A K Roy chaudhuri 4) Classical Mechanics . (b) Fission . 5. spin. hard & soft. pion. Geiger Nuttal law Gamow’s explanation. Hadrons & lepton. alpha particle spectra : velocity and energy of α particles. (c) Nuclear fusion. reaction cross section. (c) γ decay . effect of Earth magnetic fields.F. chain reactions. liquid drop model.Goldstien Statistics 1) Berkley Physics Course 5 . beta absorption & range of beta particles. hypron charge and charge conjugate . Transuranic Elements. Ghoshal’s experiment. reactors.characteristics.Takwale & Puranik 3) Classical Mechanics .Green Wood 2) Classical Mechanics . Cosmic ray & elementary Particles : [14L] (a) Cosmic ray – Nature and origin of primary and secondary rays.(qualitative discussions) 3. Tutorials [5 L] Paper IV Books Classical Mechanics 1) Classical Mechanics . selection rule. charge. Parity. basic principle of nuclear. (b) Elementary particles-Classifications. & conservation principles in nuclear reactions . γ absorption in matter-photoelectric process.Statistical Physics . fission products & energy release spontaneous & induced fission. multipolarity of transition & selection rules (no derivations). compton seattering. elementary ideas about quarks & leptons.conservationtion law. 4. baryon & meson. exoergic and endoergic reactions. mass. energy released in stars. examples of different types of reaction & their characteristics. energy levels & decay schemes. solar modulation of primary ray.γ ray spectra & nuclear energy levels isomeric states. Isospin.(a) α decay. (b) β decay – Nature of β ray spectra.Satya Prakash 5) Classical Mechanics . Internal conversions and Bremstralung (descripative). mesons & hyprons. Mean life of muon & pion. Nuclear reaction [14L] (a) Rutherford expt. Q value and thresholds. Compound nuclear reaction and direct interactions. positron emission & electron capture. extensive air shower. muon. Reif 16 . pair production.

Rossi 7) Atomic and nuclear physics .S B Patel 5) High enargis physics . B.H.G .Calcutta University 6.H. Optical electronics .S N Ghoshal 8) Paramanu O Kendraker Sathay Parichay – S.Barrow 4) Introduction to Molecular spectra . Introduction to Physics Applications .R A Shotwell 5.S N Ghoshal Atomic and molecular physics.F. 1) Atomic spectra and atomic structure .Ghatak & Tyagarajan 4. Mandle 5) Statistical & Thermal Physics . Laud 4) Statistical Physics . khun 3) Theory of atomic spectra .K.Re johnson 5) Atomic spectra .Segre 4) Nuclear physics .Laud 2.White Nuclear Physics Cosmic ray & particles physics 1) Nuclear physics . Huang 3) Introduction to statistical Physics .Cohen 3) Nuclear and particles . Atomic & Nuclear Physics . Ghosal 9) Atomics spectra – Condon + Shortly 10) Diaatomic molecules .Perkins 6) Cosmic rays . Nuclei & Particles . Laser Principles and Application .A K Ghatak and K Tyagarajan 3.Anderson 17 .Segre 7. N.Gambhir & Lokenathan Laser Fiber optics and Instrumental methods 1. Introduction to Fibre optics .Herzberg 11) Quantum Mechanics .Herzleerg 2) Atomic spectra .B. Lasers and Non linear optics .Kaplan 2) Concepts of Nuclear physics .2) Statistical Mechanic .

circuits 18 . 20. 6. 4. Study of flexture of a bar. Study of tortion of a wire. 10. To draw the out put characteristics of a transistor in CE and CB mode 16. Refractive index of a liquid using a convex lens and a plane mirror. Deflection Magnetometer expt to determine earth horizontal Magnetic field 13. Paper V (Practical) Group B :: Marks 50 1. Marks . 3. Study of Harmonic oscillations and its relaxation. Constant volume / constant pressure gas thermometer 17.40 List of experiments 1. Determination of thermal conductivity of a bad conductor by Leas method 2. Single slit experiment Melde’s expt. Experimental study of Probability distribution for a two option system . Simple / Compound pendulum. 2.A cubic dice with face caluing may be used with two options of weightage ratio 5 : 1 or 1 : 1. 7. 8. Platinum resistance thermometer Study of a thermistor characteristics Study of characteristics of a step down transformer Study of variation of mutual inductance of a coaxial coil 7.c. 12. Capillary rise Study of fall of solid through a liquid a) Calibration of spectrometer (b) Dispersive power of prism Newton’s ring expt.Sonometer expt. dynamical method Study of flow of liquid through capillary tube Study of surface tension of liquid. 3. Triode valve (a) Stastic characteristics (b) Dynamic characteristics. take about 200 observations. May use 12 inch dice as a group for one inch observation. 18. Calibration of a thermo couple and find some unknown temp. 19. Focal length of a concave lens lay combination method 11. Study of transverse wave speed on a string . Study the forward and reverse characteristics of a zener diode 14. 5. Study of Magnetic flux using a search coil 8. 6. Study the effect of capacitance in d. 9. 5.Paper – V (Practical) Group A. Regulation characteristics of a bridge rectifier (i) without using a filter and (ii) using a filter 15. Measurement of high resistance by method of leakage 9. 4.

Area under curve 4. Study the effect of an inductance in d. Assigned jobs with computer. Paper V (Practical) Group C – Computer application.find their mean.C . Sorting a. Study of the characteristics of a Ballistic galvanometer. Sum of G P series / simple series b. Study of impedance of inductor at varrying frequency to measure R & L 13. Marks . To study the intensity distribution of grating pattern by Laser & LDR 19. bridge 12. circuits 11. 1.c. Natural even / add number between given limit. b. 2. Arranging in ascending / descending order. Measurement of absorption by a solution 16.10 Computer fundamentals and programming in C or Fortran. Use of Origin software to draw graphs. Low resistance measurement C. median and mode 3. Max/Min of a set. Double slit experiment 17.10.R series resonance 15. 5. 19 . Read N number . Calibration of polarimeter and study of optical rotation of solution 18. c. Study of impedance of a capacitor of varrying frequency to measure C 14. Solution of simple algebraic equation. Response curve of L . F. Solution of a.

electron emission mechanism.[ 7 L ] 20 . Miller indices. and b. fluorescent screen. D. addressing mode. MOSFET different types. subtraction. Oscillators . lattice & basis. shift registers. Schimitt trigger.[ 6 L ] 5. wienbridge and crystal oscillators. negative & positive feed back voltage & current feed back.RS. deflection sensitivity vertical and horizontal amplifier.[ 4 L ] 4. CRO cathode ray tube . Hartley. instructions op codes.frequency response.Barkhausen criteria. digital to analog conversion. frequency and phase with a CRO. simple cubic. CMOS. CMRR. power amplifier . edge triggering and locked operation.flops . solution of differential equations and linear algebraic equations. lattices. AB & C amplifier. registers. digital comparator. differential amplifiers. FET amplifiers . Laue & Bragg equation. reciprocal lattice. monostable and bistable multivibrators. encoder (ROM). single tuned amplifier. brightness & focussing control.[ 2L] 3.Elementary ideas about Existing structure. digital voltmeter.class B push pull amplifier.c.[ 6 L ] 7. inverting and non-inverting amplifiers Mathematical operation . Multistage amplifier . Field effect transistor (FET) .Two stage R-C coupled amplifier .small signal low frequency equivalent ckt. Assembly language programming of 8085 [8 L] 10. Relaxation oscillators .[ 6 L ] 8.[ 12 L ] 6. multiplexer. decoder. full adder. JKMS.100 marks (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10) Group A Electronics II (65 lectures) 1. Class A.Flip . colpit.JFET structure and operation -static drain & transfer characteristics. Feed back amplifier : Principle. analog to digital conversion.drain & tranfer characteristics. comparator.Half adder. time base.[ 10 L ] 9. function generator. f. gain & band width.III Paper VI (150 + 20 Lectures) F.addition.c.c. Crystal structure . Electronic measuring instruments – electronic multi meter. B. integration and differentiation.Part . M . Operational amplifiers .[ 4 L ] 2.c. fundamental type of lattices. Tutorials [7 L] Group B Solid state Physics (37 lectures) 1. ripple counter (binary and decade). Combinational logic . Microprocessor : Preliminary ideas of microprocessor architecture. triggering measurement of voltage.Astable. unit cell. virtual guard ring. Sequential logic . JK.OPAMP characteristics. operation .

Orthogonal functions. One dimensional potential barrier.molecular field in dielectric.Franz law. metallic and vander waals Bloch Theorem. Compton effect. covalent.Mosotti relation.zero resistivity.observables & measurements. quantum mechanical tunneling. spontaneous magnetisation and domain structure. Super conductivity .decay. Probabilatic Interpretation. Claussius . Probability density.application.[ 2 L ] 6. Structure of solids different type of binding . 2. Angular momentum and spin [22 L] 21 .[ 5 L] 4. conductor. para. Curie-Weiss law explanation of hysteresis. and ferro magnetic properties of solids. Operator formulation [20 L] Operator eigen values and eigen functions. Hermitian operators.Bohr quantum theory. Tutorials [5 L] Group C : Quantum Mechanics (68 L) 1. equation of continuity. local fields. Probability current density. . Davisson German experiment. Simple harmonic oscillator. penetration through rectangular barrier . 3. Curie’s law. effective mass. Hall effect in metals.Electronic ionic and dipolar Polarisability. Electrons & holes. commuting & non commuting operators. drift current. Band Theory of Solids. mobility and conductivity : Wiedemann .[10L] 5. Spontaneous magnetisation and its temperature dependence. de Broglie hypothesis. Basic quantum Mechanics [18 L] Rise and fall of Planck . free electron theory of metals. [ 8 L ] 3. Phase & group velocities.operators . Dielectric properties of materials . semiconductors and insulators. Simultaneous eigen functions.ionic. linear operators. Schrodinger equation as an operator equation . Zero point energy. Boundary condition of wave function.reflection & transmission co-efficients . Step up and step down operators . Kronig Penny Model energy and band structure. Principle of superposition.2. orthonormality. uncertainty principle. induced & oriented Polarisation . Hermitian adjoints.eigen functions & eigen values of ground & excited states. Magnetic Properties of Materials – Dia. Langevin’s theory of Paramagnetism & diamagnetism classical and quantum theory of paramagnetism. time dependent and time independent Schrodinger equations. complementanity principle photon interpretation of two slit interference.explanation of α . product of two operators. critical temp. Schrodinger equation. Ehrenfest theorem. expectation values. Concept of wave function.

Mathews & Venkatesh 4) Quantum Mechanics .Books already mentioned plus the following ones. Solid State Physics .D L Bhattacharya 3. Tutorials [8 L] Paper VI Books Electronics II . Introduction to solid state physics . Digital logic and computer design .R P Singhal Quantum Mechanics 1) Quantum Mechanics .Bohr magneton. Angular momentum operators in spherical polar co-ordinates.J L Powell & B . Solid State Physics .degeneracy schrodinger or equation of hydrogen atom in spherical polar co-ordinates seperation of variables spherical harmonics. L+ & L. evaluation of eigen functions .C. mutual with L2. Pauli’s method of spin variable in Schrodinger equation.N Ghoshal 22 . Stern . Solid State Physics . Angular momentum and magnetic moment of electron due to orbital motion .electron spin.Blackemore 5. Eigen values of L2 and Lz.as step operators. Pauli spin operators & commutation relation. Microprocessor Architecture. Lokenathan 3) Quantum Mechanics .Dekker 4. Crasemann 2) Quantum Mechanics . orbital angular momentum.Laventhal 3. Solid State Physics . Eigen values and eigen function of spin operator. 1. Angular momentum operators and their commutation relations.M Moris Mano 2.Central forces.R A Gaonkar Solid State Physics 1.A K Ghatak & S. 4. Programming & Application . Introduction to Microprocessor .S. Kittel 2.Gerlach experiment .operator .

(c) Multiplexure & Demultiplexures using I. e. Construct a regulated power supply on a bread board a. Modulo .Paper VII (Practical) Group A. Study of 8085 microprocessor : Machine language programming (a) Add. (a) Generate saw tooth. a second transistor as feed back amplifier c. 4.C. b. square & triangular wave using DAC connected at the output ports.40 1. Study the effects of negative feed back on frequency response of a RC coupled amplifier 3.c. c.C. 23 3. To construct and study the frequency response of voltage amplifier using a transistor in CE mode & to find its band width. . Modulo . Marks .C. Adder & Subtractor 6. Measure an analog input connected to ADC at parallel ports. a) To draw the output characteristics of a silicon transistor and to calculate hoe & hfe b)To determine the hybrid prarameters of a transistor using a. (a) Verify various Boolean expressions using IC gates (b) NAND & NOR Gate circuits using I. 8. 7. (d) delay. Offset values Inverting and non-inverting amplifier Integrator Differentiator & differential amplifier. (e) Design and verify the following flip flop operations (i) RS (ii) JK (iii) D (f) Study of Modulo . To construct Wien bridge oscillator on a bread board using OPAMP and to study the wave form of the oscillator and frequency determination using CRO. a zenar diode as a reference voltage source and to study its operational characteristic 2. Design and construction of a phase shift oscillator. Setting up of a F E T Voltmeter and its use for the callibration of a thermocouple. source. (d) Half adder & full adder circuits using I. d. (c) largest number.3. using a power transistor as pass element b. 2.60 1. (b) copy.7 binary counters.5. 5. To design and test the following circuits using OPAMP a. Group B Full Marks .

(b) Control of Read relay switches connected at the output part. 24 . NOT. 6. 5. Design and fabrication of temperature controller and to study its performance characteristics. OR. Multivibrators using transistors & IC555. Construction of AND. 4. Gates using diodes & transistors and verification of Truth table.

B . Paper VIII(b) Project. Difference of D1 & D2 lines by a grating 2. Study of Resolving power of a grating. Study of Fourier spectrum of a. 6. Planck’s constants 13. To study interference & diffraction of a LASER at straight edge of a wire. 9. 10.15 Computer 1. Magnetic susceptibility of FeCl3 solution. This may be application oriented or some simple law / experimental verification. Anderson bridge 5. half sinusoidal wave form by CRO 6. To determine the Stefan’s constant 7. Spectrum of hydrogen & Rydberg constant 8. Integration by Simpson rule 3.Paper VIII(a) (Practical) Group A. Convert a given integer into binary and octal system & vice versa 7. Motion of particle in a central field. Full Marks 30 This work should be an experimental one with special reference to the techniques into practical classes. Marks 55 1. Motion of projectile using computer 5. Computer generation of phase space plots of harmonic oscillator. Marks . Biprism expt. Sum of infinite series with specified accuracy 2. Square b. Inverse of a matrix 8. trangular c. Use of P-N junction for measurement of temperature 12. Hall probe in magnetic field measurement 11. Absorption spectra of I2 vapour. Group B.H loop 4. Least square fit for given set of date to a straight line 4. 25 . 3.

2.1. The project will be centrally evaluated by the corresponding co-ordinator and internally by Head of the department of the College in consultation with supervisors. The co-ordinator will average the mark and submit to the University. Distribution of marks (a) Nature of work (b) (c) Presentation Viva Total - 10 10 10 30 26 . The Board of Study will recommend the centre for central evaluation of the project work.

B (40 marks) Computer Practical Gr.25 Part I Examination : Paper I . At the end of first year there will be Part I examination of one theoretical paper (Paper I). Part II Examination: Paper IV (A) . At the end of the 3rd Year there will be one theoretical paper (Paper IV) of 75 marks and one practical paper (Paper V) of 25 marks in Part III examination. Time – 6 hrs. at the end of 2nd year one theory paper (Paper II) and one practical paper (Paper III) of 100 marks each in Part II examination. Time – 3 Hrs. Part II and Part III examination taken together.100 Part III Theory – 75 Practical .Practical Full Marks – 100 = 90+10. Experiment Gr. C (10 marks) LNB – 10. E – Viva – 10 Part II Examination: Paper II Paper III A. Time 3 hrs. .100 Part II Theory – 100 Practical . A (30 marks) Experiment Gr. Time – 3 Hrs. Each theory paper is of 90 marks for external and 10 marks allotted for internal assessment of 100 marks paper and less than 100 marks. Sc PHYSICS (GENERAL COURSE) The entire course is divided into four papers with total 400 marks to be studied in three years. B.Theoretical Full Marks – 100 (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10). Final result will be determined on the basis of Part I. the marks of internal assessment will be proportionately less.Theoretical Full Marks – 75 (University written Exam 67 + College Internal Assessment 8). Three tire Examination pattern: Part I Theory . Paper IV (B) Practical Full Marks – 25. D. . Time – 3 Hrs. C.B. 27 .Theoretical Full Marks – 100 (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10).

Elasticity. Properties of matter [20 L] . stream line and turbulent flow. [7 L] Rigid body motion. centripetal acceleration. equation of continuity. moments of initial and their products. cross and triple products. 4. Simple & Compound pendulums. Eular’s equation. partial derivatives – geometrical interpretation. 1. application. gravitational self energy. centre of mass equation of motion. Mechanics [28 L] . Gauss’s divergence theorem. single stage and multi stage rockets. 28 .Superposition of two simple harmonic motions of some frequency along the same line.Scalar and vector. (elementary idea) elastic and inelastic collisions. critical damping.Part – I Paper – I [160 L] Time – 3 Hrs. higher order derivatives. cases of different frequencies. Beams supported at both the ends cantilever. Stoke’s law [8 L] Surface torsion and surface energy. small deformation. molecular interpretation. forced oscillator and damped oscillator. [6 L] Function of two and these variables. Total differential of a function of two and three variables. Gradient of a scalar field. [6 L] 2. Reynold’s number. [5 L] Motion under a central force. Gravitational law and field. Euler’s equation. [6 L] System or Particle. kepler’s law. Gauss and Poisson’s equation. superposition of two mutually perpendicular simple harmonic vibrations of same frequency. viscous fluids. dot. flux of a vector field. Potential due to a spherical body. Line. velocity components in different co-ordinate systems. wetting [5 L]. Pressure on a curved liquid surface. conservation of energy. Time – 3 Hrs. interference. divergence and curl of a vector field. [10 L] 3. Full Marks – 100 (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10).Laws of motion. conservation of linear and angular momenta. Hooke’s law. Bernoulli’s theorem. Poiseullie’s law. SHM. Uniformly rotating frame. coriolis force and application. principal moments and axes. torsional pendulum [8 L]. rotational motion. lissajous figures. Mathematical Background [12 L] . torsion of a cylinder. green’s theorem and stoke’s theorem. elastic constants of an isotropic solid – interrelation. motion in uniform field. bending moments and shearing forces [7 L] Kinematics of moving fluids. surface and volume integrals.

Production and measurement of low temperatures [10 L] Black Body Radiation . vanderwaals gas. Standing waves – normal modes of bounded systems examples. rms speed of molecules. Harmonics and quality of sound examples.Temperature dependence –Stefan Boltzman law. Brownian motion. Transport of mass. Waves [10 L] . Thermodynamic scale of temperature – identity with perfect gas scale. carnots theorem. mean free path. Cooling due to adiabatic demagnetization. kinetic model. Wien’s displacement law. pressure of radiation. Clausius – clapyron equation. Joule coefficient. Reversible and irreversible changes. Molecular diameter and man free path.Thermodynamic variables – extensive and intensive. Avogadro number. work done by and on the system. specific heats of gases. liquefaction of hydrogen and helium. indicator diagram.Zeroth law.Ideal gas. Second law – Different versions. Refrigeration cycles. Third law of thermodynamics [8 L] Thermodynamic relationships. Rayligh – Jeans law. gravity waves and ripples. efficiency [5 L] Transport phenomena : Molecular collision. [7 L] Real Gas: Venderwals gas equation. Kinetic theory [25 L] . equipartition of energy. group velocity and wave velocity – measurements. collision cross section. Behaviour at law temperature application to astrophysics.5. Entropy. Thermodynamics [25 L] . 29 . deduction of Boyle’s law. carnot cycle. nature of vendar waal forces. speed of longitudinal waves in fluid. Superposition of waves – principle of superposition – nonlinear super position and consequences. energy density and energy transmission in waves – measurement.Speed of transverse waves on a string. first law. Plank’s quantum postulates – Plank’s law – fit with experiment. interpretation of temperature. momentum and energy and inter relationship. Internal combusion engines and paractical cycles. Thermodynamic potential and equilibrium – relationship with thermodynamic variables. special distribution of Black Body radiation. estimate of J – T cooling [6 L] Liquefaction of gases: Boyle temperature and inversion temperature. Maxwell’s general relationship. Production and detection of ultrasonic & infrasonic waves. comparison with experimental P – V curves critical constants. Specific heat of gas at law temperature [7 L] 7. internal energy as state function and other applications. Regenerative cooling and cascade cooling. application to J – T cooling and adiabatic cooling in a general system. Joule’s experiment of ideal and vender waals gas. pricipal of increase of entropy. it efficiency. dependence of temperature and pressure [7 L] 6. ultraviolet Catastrophy.

impedance matching for transducers. temperament and musical instruments. diffraction of sound. Tutorials [10 L] 30 . telescopic combinations. human ear its responses. musical scale. 10. wave form. aplanatic points. Accountics of halls. Chromatic aberrations. multiple lens eye piece. acoustic impedance. Mono chromatic aberrations & their reductions.8. solar system. reverberation. recording and reproduction of sounds. Lagrange’s equation of magnification. achromatic combination of lenses in contact & seperated by a distance. aplanatic pts. telephoto lenses & eyepieces.Noise and music. Transducers and their characteristics. 9. Entrance & exit pupils. thick lens & lens combinations. Various system. intensity and loudness. Measurements of frequency. general relationship. Sabine’s formula. of a sphere and other applications. intensity and velocity. Accoustics [10 L] . audibility. percentage reflection and refraction at a boundary. oil immersion objectives. common type of eyepieces. Theory of image formation. Bel and decibel. a spherical mirror & Schmidt corrector plates. meniscus lens. cardinal points. Reflection and refraction sound. Geometrical Optics [12 L] .Fermat’s principle.

electrostatic field energy. energy in a static magnetic field. point change in front of a grounded infinite conductor. Biotsavart’s law. integral and differential form of Farraday’s law.Interference of light.Coulomb’s law in vacuum. field at the surface of a conductor. Full Marks – 100 (University written Exam 90 + College Internal Assessment 10) 1. torque on a current loop. Physical optics [40 L] . AC circuits. electro magnetic field energy density. Work done on a charges in an electrostatic field conservative nature of the field electric potential φ. series & parallel resonance. displacement current. magnetization current. complex number & their applications in AC ckt problem. Rise and decay of current in LR & CR circuits. screening of field. torque on a dipole in an uniform field & its energy. Ragleigh refractometer and other 31 . lateral shift of fringes. principle of superposition. field due to a magnetic dipole. Gauss’s law and its application for symmetric change distributions.Electromagnetic inductions. transients in LCR circuits. force an a straight conductor carrying current in a uniform magnetic field. Farraday’s law. Polarization. power factor.Force on a moving change. Kirchhoff’s law and analysis of multiloop circuits.Steady current. Electro Magnetic Waves [5 L] – Wave equation satisfied by E & B in conducting medium. capacitors. optical path retardation. calculation of H in simple geometric situations. 4. flux of electric field. Ampere’s law ∇. interpretation of bar magnet as a surface distribution of solenoidal current. Polarization and displacement vectors. 5. equation of continuity. [18 L] Dielectrics .Part – II Paper – II [160 L] Time – 3 Hrs. current density. 6. Mutual & Self inductance transformers. Half order field. Electrostatics [36 L] . nonsteady current. boundary conditions satisfied by E and D at the interface of two dielectrics [10 L] 2. force per unit area at the surface of a conductor in an electric field. molecular interpretation of Clausius – Mossetti equation. Maxwell’s.Parallel plate capacitor with a dielectric.B = 0. Power consumed by AC ckt. magnetic dipole moment angular momentum and gyromagnetic ratio. ∇ x B = µ0J. Maxwell equations. E = -∇φ. Lorentz force and difinition of B. conducting sphere in a uniform electric field. Basic ideas on Plasma. magnetic permeability. Electric Current [15 L] . calculations of E for simple distribution of changes at rest dipole & quadruple fields [8 L]. Magnetostatics [12 L] . Impedance & reactance. Q – factor. Gaussian pillbox. double slit. coherence. Magnetization vector. 3. dielectric constant. Y and y networks and transmission of election power. Time varying fields [12 L] . decay constant.

voltage stabilization. zeper diode. Hall coefficient. phasordiagram and integral calculus method. fringes of equal inclination. Diffraction grating. Febry Perot interferometer & etalon [14 L] Freshnel’s diffraction. double image prism. transistor. doping. zenar and tunnel diodes.Diode. resolution of images. solar cell. Rotation of plane of polarization. Fermi level. Rayleigh criterion resolving power of a telescope and microscoppic system phase contrast microscope. Metal semiconductor junction. rectilinear propagation. diodes. Fraunhofer different. reflection grating and blazed grating. h – parameters bias stability. half period zones. Tolansky fringes. electromagnetic theory. Phase retardation plans. Intensity distribution in multiple beam interference. Electronics [15 L] . Haidinger fringes. plane diffraction grating. graphical analysis of CE configuration. precision measurement of wavelength. Diffraction at N parallel slits. intensity distribution.Intrinsic semi conductors electrons & holds. Electronic devices [15 L] . concave grating and different mountings. Temperature dependence of electron & hole concentrations.applications. impurity states n & p type semi conductors. diffraction at a slit. low frequency equivalent ckt. diffraction at a circular aperture and a circular disc. characteristics of a transistor in CB. 9. conductivity. Intensity distribution. Resolution power of a grating and resolving power of a prisms and a Febry Perot elaction [20 L] Double refraction uniaxial crystal. thin films applications for precession measurements of displacements. thermal run away [15 L]. wavelength difference and the width of spectral lines. Twymann Green intreferometer and is uses. rectification ripple factor. origin of optical rotation in liquids of crystals [6 L] 7. half period zones. majority & minority carriers. as a circuit element. zone plates. load and concept. Localised fringes. IC voltage regulation. p – n junction. Michelson interferometer. CR and CC mode. Hall effect. Tutorials [10 L] 32 . 8. mobility. straight edges.

Paper – III [Practical] Group – A (30 Marks) 1. To draw the e – t curve. 10. 5. 7. 9. 10. To study young’s modules of a bar. To measure the frequency of a tuning fork by a sonometer. To measure the horizontal component of earth’s magnetic field by magnetometer.C. To draw I – V characteristic curve of a resistor and a (ii) p – n diode and compare. 12. To determine the pressure coefficient of air. 11. To find the modules of rigidity of a wire (a) Dynamical (b) statistical method. 6. millivoltmeter in LCR series ckt. To draw the output characteristic of a transistor in CE mode. 12. 33 . Full Marks – 100 Time – 6 Hrs. To find the coefficient of linear expansion of a rod by optical lever. 2. 13. 5. 8. To find the moment of inertia of body. 2. To study is viscosity of water by capillary flow method. To measure the surface tension of water by capillary rise method. To find the refractive index of (a) material of the lens (b) a liquid. To find the variation of impedance of L & C with frequency by A. To use a potentiometer to measure (I) current (ii) potential drop (iii) resistance. 8. 7. To draw the reverse characteristic of a zenar diode. To measure the resistance of a suspended coil galvanometer by half defection method and calculate in figure of merit. 6. To measure the focal length of a concave lens by combination method. 11. Group – B (40 Marks) 1. To determine the reduction factor a tangent galvanometer. 3. To determine the ‘u’ of a prism by spectrometer. 4. To measure the wave length by Newton’s ring. 4. 3. To draw the I – V curve of a bridge rectifier. To calibrate a polarimeter and hence to determine the concentration of sugar solution To measure the temperature coefficient of a coil by carryfroster’s bridge. 9. To measure the magnetic field by a Hall probe.

Group – C – Computer programming (10 Marks) 1. 5. flow charts & their interpretation. To print out all natural even odd numbers between its limits. To find the maximum. minimum and range of a set of numbers. 4. LNB – 10 Marks Viva – 10 Marks 34 . median. 3. To compile a frequency distribution & evaluate mean. mode standard derivation etc. To evaluate sum of finite series and area under a curve. Elementary Fortran Program. 2.

Postulatory basis of quantum mechanics. propagation of light Michelson – Morey expt. Mosely’s law doublet structure of x – ray spectra. free electron in metals and photons in black body chamber. x – ray absorption spectra.Statistical basis of thermodynamics. principle of equal a priori probabilities. and its dependence on voltage Duane and Hunt’s law.Part – III Paper – IV [120 L] Full Marks – 75 Time – 3 Hrs. variation of mass with velocity mass energy equivalence. Lorentz transformations. Full Marks – 75 (University written Exam 67 + College Internal Assessment 8) 1. quantization in hydrogen atom. stability of an atom. particle with a zero rest mass. Relativity [14 L] . inertial frames. operators expectation values. length contraction. Quantum Mechanics [22 L] . Wave and group velocity evidence of interferes and diffraction of particles. its extension to energy and time [4 L] SchrÖdinger’s equation. deuteron and alkali atoms. 2. experimental verification. applications to particle in a one and three dimensional boxes. Galilean invariance and conservation laws. Bose Einstein and Fermi Dirac conditions. Experimental demonstration of matter waves [14 L] Consequence of de Broglie concept. time dilation. Doppler broadening of spectral lines [4 L] Indistinguishibility of particle and its consequence. Fermi level and Fermi energy [5 L] 3. search for other. limitation of Bohr’s theory. wave packet. 35 . Planck radiation law. rms and most probable speed values. LS & JJ couplings week spectra. energies of practice in a box. Wave particle duality – de Broglie hypothesis & matter waves. distinctions between mean. transition probabilities.Reference system. photo electronic effect. Statistical Physics [14 L] .spectra hydrogen. velocity addition theorem. Atomic physics [14 L] . Ritz combination principal in spectra. transmission across a potential barrier [4 L] 4.Failure of classical physics to explain black body spectrum. continuous x – ray spectrum. Bohr’s quantization of angular momentum and its application to hydrogen atom. application to liquid Helium. probability distribution and its narrowing with increase in number of particles [5 L] Maxwellian distribution of speed in ideal gas – Distribution of speeds velocities. Einstein’s explanation to photo electronic effect. Postulates of special theory of relativity. Heisenberg’s uncertainly for p and x. probability & thermodynamic probability. characteristics X – ray. Singlet and triplet fine structure in alkaline earth spectra.

energy pals.5. Gamow’s explanation of b decay. Q and binding energy). vibration of one dimensional monatomic chain under harmonic and nearest neighbor interaction approximation [5 L] Bond structure . electron collisions. geiger Nuttal law.Potential between a pair of atom.Lattice Vibrations. Pulse laser and tunable laser. magnetic susceptibility. p – p and n – p scattering and general concept of nuclear forces. condition for laser action. vander waals. ionic and metallic crystals [3 L] Magnetism . u. para and Ferromagnetism.Crystalline and glassy terms. periodicity. Laue patterns [8 L] Bonding . Solid State Physics [24 L] . basic properties (p. concept of cohesive energy. Lennard Jones potential. channels. lattices and basis. estimates of beam temporal coherence and spectral energy density. a delay and continuous and discreet spectra. unit cell. mean free path. hysteretic [3 L] Thermal Properties .Purity of spectral lines. metals. Density of states. 6. coherence length and coherence time spatial coherence of a source. conductivity and ohm’s law. dia. Motion of electron.Discrete set of electronic energies of molecules.Electrons in periodic potential nearly free electron model energy bands. nuclear detectors.Atomic magnetic moment. Raman effect. Einstein’s A & B coefficients. cloud chamber. free electron. discreet reaction. Fermi velocity [5 L] 8. Beta decay. spatial coherence and directionality. simple harmonic oscillators. stokes and anti stoke lines. GM counter. Nuclear Physics [14 L] . Fermi energy. pure rotational and rotational vibrational spectra. determination of inter nuclear distance. covalent. shell model liquid drops model. experimental arrangement for Raman spectroscopy. proportional counter and Scintillation counter. fission and fusion energy production in stars by p – p carbon cycle. Spontaneous and induced emissions. Molecular physics [10 L] . Structure of nuclei. emulsions. 7.Interaction of charged particles and neutrons with matter. quantization of vibrational and rotational energies. Ferromagnetic domains. 36 . complementality character of Raman and infrared spectra. Laser [8 L] . Nuclear reactions.ray diffraction. second order expansion of Lennard gones potential about the minimum. range of a particle. population inversion. fundamental and translation vectors. liquid crystals glass transition crystal structure. insulator and semi conductors. deuteron binding energy. spark chamber. Bragg’s law. Laue’s theory of X. compound nucleas. conduction electron.

. To develop a photo sensor using a photo transistor followed by an amplifier and use the same to control the switching of a bulb. 2. To convert an ammeter into a voltmeter and a voltmeter into ammeter meter. 6. To use OP AMP as inverting. To construct an adjustable voltage power supply using IC & to study its regulation. N. 8.Examination will be done in home centre and be evaluated by internal & external examiners jointly. Viva – 5 Project type experiments (At least two should done by a students) 1. 7. Computer programming (a) (b) Solve in simultaneous equation by elimination method. To measure the internal resistance or an analog voltmeter and to increase its internal resistance using on OP and AMP. 4. Project Type Experiment – 15. 37 .Paper – V (Practical) Full Marks – 25 Time – 3 Hrs. non inverting. 5. 3. To calibrate a temperature sensor and to use the sensor to control the temperature of a heat bath. Convert a given integer into binary & octal system & vice versa. Project Paper – 5. differential amplifier and as an adder. B. To use database package & word processor.

(viii) The marks on internal assessment for practical papers need not be sent as there is a practice of awarding such marks on the basis of laboratory note books submitted by the students during their practical examinations. the marks of internal assessment will be proportionately less. No marks will be accepted after such last dates are over. of the department are required to be involved in the examination process. The programme of the Class Test will have to be distributed evenly throughout the entire session.Modalities of Internal Assessment : (i) The total marks allotted for such internal assessment is fixed at 10 (Ten) for each theory paper of 100 marks. the answer papers will have to be preserved by the college authorities so that the University authorities can inspect the same at any time. The marks should be in full integer. (v) The number of such class tests held throughout the session shall not be less than 5 (Five) per paper for each year of Honours Course students and not less than 2 (Two) per paper for each year of General Course students.e. Again there may be Sub-Groups like A (a) and A (b) as required by the contents of syllabus. the last date of which will be fixed by the Controller of Examinations. For a paper of less than 100 marks. (vii) These marks on internal assessment for each of the theoretical papers separately will have to be sent to the Controller of Examinations of the University before the final examination. (b) Group . one class period. (iv) The question papers for such class tests will be prepared by the department teachers and be printed / typed/xeroxed before the examination. (c) Short answer type question . (ii) These marks should be awarded to the students by all the subject teachers of their own college on the basis of marks obtained by them in class tests taken periodically. The Department Incharge is required to Co-ordinate the entire process. (c) Group .30 marks having maximum 15 marks (10 × 3) in each question. These three types of questions will be set in different groups such as (a) Group –A : Long answer type questions.20 marks having maximum 4 marks in each question. (ii) Each type of these questions will necessarily be from all portions of the syllabus and not from a particular portion. (b) Semi long answer type questions . After completion of evaluation process.C : Short answer type questions. Modalities of questions to be set : (i) Each paper of 90 marks (10 marks for internal assessment) will consist of (a) Long answer type questions . (vi) The blank answer papers will be supplied by the college authorities. (iii) The total marks of each such class test will be 20 (Twenty) and the total time allotted will be 45 minutes i. All the teachers.B : Semi long answer type questions. 38 .40 marks having maximum 8 marks in each question.