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Current Affairs, 1 Nov 2011

UNESCO membership for Palestine UNESCO granted full membership to Palestine which, until now, enjoyed only observer status at the U.N. agency for education, science and culture. The demand for full membership was made by the Palestinian Authority and won the approval of 107 member states with 14 votes against and 52 abstentions at the organisation's General Conference. A 185 of UNESCO's 194 member states were eligible to vote. Full membership of UNESCO is a small but significant step forward for the Palestinians in their attempts to gain international recognition and statehood. The U.S. and Israel are scheduled to withdraw their funding for UNESCO, which will result in a budget shortfall of 22 per cent. U.S. law prohibits Washington from funding any U.N.-affiliated body that accepts Palestinian membership. UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova Vinay Sheel Oberoi, India's Permanent Representative to UNESO UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Its stated purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and the human rights along with fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter. UNESCO has 195 Member States and eight Associate Members. Headquarters is in Paris, France. Almazbek Atambayev win Kyrgyzstan¶s presidential elections Prime Minister Almazbek Atambayev has won the Kyrgyzstan¶s presidential elections. With 99 percent of the votes counted Mr. Atambayev garnered more than 63 percent, well above the 50percent minimum needed to avoid a runoff. His rivals, however, claimed there were many violations, including ballot box stuffing and repeat voting. They found it incredible that Mr. Atambayev, a northerner, could have won the same share of the votes in the south as he did in the north. The country¶s first post-Soviet President Askar Akayev, a northerner, was toppled in 2005 by protests that originated in the south, and his successor Kurmanbek Bakiyev, a southerner, was overthrown by northern protesters last year.

China all set to launch Shenzhou-8 spacecraft China will launch an unmanned spacecraft for a docking exercise with the Tiangong-1 space laboratory module, which was put into orbit last month, marking a first for the country's rapidly growing space programme and a key step ahead of the planned launch of a permanent space station by 2020. The Shenzhou-8 spacecraft, scheduled to take place at 5.58 am on Tuesday from the Jiuquan satellite launch centre in northwest China, will be followed by at least one manned space mission next year. China will launch two spacecraft in 2012 to dock with the Tiangong-1, or ³heavenly palace´ laboratory module, which was sent into orbit on September 29. The module's launch was hailed by Chinese analysts as a landmark achievement for the nation¶s space programme, with China becoming only the third nation, after the United States and Russia, to accomplish this feat. The Shenzhou-8 launch will lay the ground for the first manned mission to Tiangong-1 which will take place next year. Scientists from China and Germany will together conduct 17 experiments on the spacecraft. The mission, according to analysts, reflected China¶s emergence as an increasingly important global space player. China has now offered its Long March-2F rocket, which will carry the Shenzhou-8 spacecraft, to launch more than 20 satellites for a number of countries. China has also offered both financial assistance and technical expertise to developing nations to launch their satellites, spreading its presence by offering its technology at a price far less than that offered by Western countries. In recent months, China¶s Great Wall Industry Corporation (GWIC) has signed deals and launched communication satellites for countries ranging from Pakistan and Bolivia to Nigeria. The launches of Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 are geared towards China¶s plan to put up a space station by 2020 ± the year the international space station is expected to be brought down, and at a time when many Western countries, including the United States, are cutting back on investing in their space programmes. World touches 7 billion population The world has crossed the milestone of 7 billion people. Baby Nargis Yadav who born in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India, claimed to be the 7 billionth person on earth. The United Nations Population Fund was clueless about which of the babies was actually propelled the population to the seven billion mark. The media has been filled with stories of where the baby was born: and most of these stories speak of a child being born in Dhanaur village in the outskirts of Lucknow.

Current Affairs, 2 Nov 2011
Historic Peace deal in Nepal Nepal's political parties arrived at a historic agreement on the peace process, Constitution writing and power-sharing deal. The Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), the Nepali Congress (NC), the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist), and the Madhesi parties settled the future of 19,602 Maoist combatants, agreeing to integrate a maximum of 6,500 fighters into the Nepal Army (NA) and provide rehabilitation and cash packages to the rest. According to the deal, the former combatants would be integrated in a newly-created special directorate under the Nepal Army, which will also include NA soldiers and personnel from other security forces. The directorate will be responsible for development works, industrial security, forest security, and disaster relief. Combatants will be integrated on an individual basis, and will have to meet the norms of the security force. But there will be flexibility on age, marital status, and educational qualification. To determine ranks, the norms of the security organs will be taken into account. There will be bridging and educational courses for the combatants. Those combatants who opt for voluntary retirement will get between $6,300 and $10,000 approximately, depending on their rank. There will be packages between $7,600 and $11,400 for those who prefer rehabilitation. Maoist weapons will come under the government. The Maoists have also committed to return property confiscated during the insurgency. A Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Disappearances Commission, a high-level political mechanism to oversee the peace and Constitution process, and an experts' team to address state restructuring issues would also be constituted. The parties have also agreed to complete the process of regrouping of combatants by November 23, and prepare the first draft of the Constitution by November 30. While not in the agreement, a power-sharing arrangement had also been worked out, whereby the NC will lead the government which will hold elections after Constitution promulgation. A faction of the Maoists, led by vice-chairman Mohan Vaidya µKiran', however opposed the deal terming it ³anti-people´. Cabinet approved Public Procurement Policy for goods produced and services The Cabinet approved the Public Procurement Policy for goods produced and services rendered by Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) by the Central Ministries/Departments/PSUs to be notified under Section 11 of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006. The MSEs, including the khadi, village and coir industries, constitute an overwhelming majority of this sector, contributing significantly to the gross domestic product, manufacturing output and exports. In the overall production/value chains however, MSEs are highly susceptible to volatile market conditions. To address this inherent problems, many countries have put in place public procurement policies to support MSEs and to ensure a fair share of market to such entities.

Under the existing dispensation in India, the Government guidelines provide for support in marketing of MSE products through a variety of measures such as price preference, reservation of products for exclusive purchase from MSEs, issue of tender sets free of cost, exemption from payment of earnest money, etc. In practice, however, most of these facilities are not being provided to the MSEs by the Government Departments/CPSUs, etc. The salient features of the Public Procurement Policy are: i. Every Central Ministries/PSU shall set an annual goal for procurement from the MSE sector at the beginning of the year, with the objective of achieving an overall procurement goal of minimum 20 per cent of the total annual purchases of the products or services produced or rendered by MSEs from the latter in a period of three years. ii. Out of 20% target of annual procurement from MSEs, a sub-target of 4% (i.e. 20% out of 20%) will be earmarked for procurement from MSEs owned by SC/ST entrepreneurs. However, in the event of failure of such MSEs to participate in the tender process or meet the tender requirements and the L1 price, the 4% sub-target for procurement earmarked for MSEs owned by SC/ST entrepreneurs will be met from other MSEs. iii. At the end of three years, the overall procurement goal of minimum 20% will be make mandatory. Non conforming Departments will be required to provide reasons for the same to the Review Committee set up under the Policy. iv. The participating MSEs in a tender quoting price within the band of L1 + 15% may also be allowed to supply a portion of the requirement by bringing down their prices to the L1 price, in a situation where L1 price is from someone other than an MSE. Such MSEs may be allowed to supply up to 20% of the total tendered value. In case of more than one such MSE, the supply will be shared equally. v. Every Central Ministries/PSU will report the goals set with respect to procurement to be met from MSEs and the achievement made thereto in their respective Annual Reports. vi. The Central Ministries/PSU will continue to procure 358 items from MSEs, which have been reserved for exclusive purchase from them. vii. For enhancing the participating of SCs/STs in the Government procurement, the Central Ministries/PSU will take necessary steps including organizing special Vendor Development Programmes, Buyer-Seller Meets etc. viii. Given their unique nature, defence armament imports will not be included in computing the 20% goal for Ministry of Defence. In addition, Defence Equipment like weapon systems, missiles etc. will remain out of purview of such policy of reservation. ix. A Committee has been constituted under the chairmanship of Secretary (MSME), to review the list of 358 items reserved for exclusive purchase from MSEs on a continuous basis and for monitoring and review of the Public Procurement Policy for MSEs. In addition, a µGrievance

J. Nabam Tuki. It is a second line of defense after the Regular Indian Army. occupation or a source of employment. The Territorial Army. . It is only meant for those people who are already in mainstay civilian professions.New Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh Pradesh Congress Committee president Nabam Tuki was sworn in as the new Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh. The decision was taken at the Cabinet meeting in which Commerce Secretary Zafar Mahmood set his Ministry's proposal in a historical perspective by pointing out that Pakistan had given MFN status to India during Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah's time. The Territorial Army in India (commonly referred to as TA in India) is an organization of volunteers who receive military training for a few days in a year so that in case of an emergency they can be mobilized for the defence of the country. Current Affairs. Deepak Rao is the first Indian to specialise in modern Close Quarter Battle Training (CQB) and has imparted his expertise for 17 years to train soldiers from various Indian forces. gainful employment or self-employment in a civil profession is a pre-requisite for joining the Territorial Army. He has also been Instructor in Reflex Shooting and Deep Sea Diving. Tuki as the seventh Chief Minister at the Raj Bhavan in Itanagar. Col (Honorary) Anil Habbu. in fact. 3 Nov 2011 Pakistan grants India MFN status Pakistan extended the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status to India amid protests from jihadi outfits and the media. M S Dhoni. Abhinav Bindra and Dr Deepak Rao granted honorary rank in Territorial Army MS Dhoni and Abhinav Bindra have been commissioned as Honorary Lt Colonel and Dr Deepak Rao commissioned as a Honorary Major in the Territorial Army. Singh administered the oath of office and secrecy to Mr. Lt Col (Honorary) Kapil Dev and Lt Col (Honorary) Mohanlal are the other Honorary officers of the Territorial Army. Governor Gen (retd) J.Cell¶ would be set up in the Ministry of MSME for redressing the grievances of MSEs in Government procurement. the Indian Territorial Army is not a profession. MS Dhoni and Abhinav Bindra have been bestowed the honour for their outstanding contribution in the field of sports and their commitment to the Army on various occasions.

national security of Afghanistan which is under threat of destabilisation from the Taliban. These were preventing Afghanistan¶s emergence in the future as a battleground for regional rivals. he said. Mahmood said that India had granted MFN status to Pakistan in 1995 and World Trade Organisation (WTO) commitments mandated that Islamabad reciprocate. These were followed by Mr. Pakistan and India signed 12 trade agreements as per which four points for border trade were opened in Punjab. which has a core regional component that includes Presidents of Afghanistan and Turkey as well as foreign ministers from India. one each in Bahawalpur and Sindh besides a customs point on the Chenab river for timber trade.Maintaining that the move would not dilute Pakistan's position on Kashmir. The Commerce Secretary said both countries had granted the status to each other after ratifying the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in July 1948 despite the bloodletting of Partition less than a year ago. Under the MFN status. business negotiations were revived with Commerce Secretary-level talks in Islamabad. Indian Commerce and Industry Minister Anand Sharma welcomed the Pak move and told that the decision to grant India the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status would give the much-needed impetus to bilateral trade. Istanbul Conference The Istanbul conference . India granted MFN status to Pakistan in 1995 when WTO replaced GATT. Pakistan Commerce Secretary Zafar Mahmood would be visiting India in mid-November for further review of economic ties. Fahim's visit to New Delhi in September this year. Post-Mumbai attacks in 2008. A string of international meetings are in the offing which will culminate in a mega-conference in Bonn that Afghanistan alone would host in December this year. India-Pakistan commercial negotiations were revived in April this year. notwithstanding the slated pull out of foreign troops by 2014-end. was the first major step to draw a road map for completing a peaceful transition in Afghanistan.6 billion. Pakistan and Iran. the bilateral trade stood at $2. Pakistan will treat India on a par with its other favoured trading partners. Between 1947 and 1965. The high profile delegates at the conclave that was co-hosted by Turkey and Afghanistan examined three core issues. Pakistan pointed out that people were already engaged in trade across the Line of Control. India has already granted this status to the neighbouring country in 1996. after a gap of four years. Trading relations between the two countries resumed after the Shimla Agreement by putting four items on the positive list.This regime continued till 1965. and ensuring that sufficient number of jobs were . Mr. Indian goods were allowed to move into Afghanistan over land through Pakistan between 1959 and 1965 as per an Af-Pak agreement. He clarified that the MFN status would not alter the Afghanistan-Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement that allows Afghan goods to cross over Pakistan into India and not vice versa. besides improving political ties between the two neighbours. In April 2011. the bilateral trade was badly hit. In 2010-11.

³Dream of Ding Village³). The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). ³1Q84³). where Afghan President. Mahmoud Dowlatabadi (Iran. The United States. The UNDP published the inequality adjusted index for the second time. African nations Niger. remains the fourth best country in the world to live in. considered by many as the Asian Booker. second in the overall Human Development Index (HDI). was also second in the inequality-adjusted index. 2012 and the winner will be named on March 15 in Hong Kong. ³The Colonel³). torn and impoverished by more than a decade of war. Ninety books were submitted for entry in 2011. Kyung-sook Shin (South Korea .´) Tahmima Anam (Bangladesh.1 in the inequalityadjusted index. Australia. ³Please Look After Mom³). but adjustment for inequality drops it in to 23rd place. the home of the prize. Banana Yoshimoto (Japan³The Lake³) complete the long list. The talks on Wednesday were preceded by a trilateral summit on Tuesday of Turkey. ³The Good Muslim´). Rahul Bhattacharya (³The Sly Company of People Who Care³). Hamid Karzai declared that the killing of former Afghan President and peace negotiator. Yan Lianke (China. was ranked worst in 187th place in the overall development index and 134th in the adjusted index. The judges for this year¶s prize are Pulitzer-prize finalist and author of ³The Surrendered´ Chang-rae Lee. Haruki Murakami (Japan.was also No. The shortlist will be announced on January 10. Vikas Swarup. Anuradha Roy (³The Folded Earth³). Burundi. Mozambique and Chad were just above the DRC at the .N. Turkey announced that Afghanistan and Pakistan had decided to jointly investigate the former President¶s killing. Jamil Ahmad (Pakistan. and aims to make it a standard component of its annual Human Development Report alongside its main. U. ³The Wandering Falcon³). Amitav Ghosh¶s (³River of Smoke´) and Tarun Tejpal (³The Valley of Masks. Pakistan and Afghanistan. At the end of the trilateral talks. this year after introducing it last year.created in the country so that young people of Afghanistan were kept away from taking up arms or indulging in terrorism and drug-trafficking. Burhanuddin Rabbani had badly disrupted the government-sponsored peace process involving Afghans and the Taliban. Development Programme (UNDP) Report 2011. Man Asian Literary Prize 2011 Five novels by Indian writers figure in this year¶s Man Asian Literary Prize long list. The writers are Jahnavi Barua (³Rebirth³).N Development Programme Report 2011 Norway again grabbed the top rank in the overall index of U. unadjusted index. author of ³Q&A´ which was filmed as the Oscar-winning ³Slumdog Millionaire´ and BBC Special Correspondent Razia Iqbal.its ninth top place in the past 11 years. who is the chair judge.

S. Current Affairs. the report pointed that the country's HDI of 0. President Barack Obama Russian PM Vladimir Putin Chinese President Hu Jintao Germany's Angela Merkel Bill Gates King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia Pope Benedict XVI Ben Bernanke. 6. President Barack Obama. 4. India had been ranked at 119 out of 169 countries. because the underlying data and methods have changed.504) and Bangladesh at 146 (0. The report draws light on the distribution of income. Fed Chairman Mark Zuckerberg . But the new report for 2011 says it is misleading to compare values and ranking with those of previously published reports. 8.630 for countries in the medium human development group and below the average of 0. which has grown more unequal over the past several decades at the country level. However. Pakistan was ranked at 145 (0. Hu has slipped to the third spot behind Russian strongman Vladimir Putin.5%. a term that the agency uses for fairness and social justice and access to a good quality of life.547. an increase of 59% or an average annual increase of about 1. The UNDP's new Human Development Report focused on the relationships between environmental sustainability and equity. 4 Nov 2011 Forbes Power List 2011 U. 3. India's HDI value increased from 0. Forbs Top Ten 1. 7. U. 5.1% a year over the last two decades. 9. The report said. India's Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2011 was 0.344 to 0. between 1980 and 2011.547. as well as the number of countries included in the Human Development Index.S.positioning the country in the medium human development category. India's Rank India has ranked at 134 out of 187 countries in terms of Human Development even as it observed that life expectancy at birth in the country has increased by 10. who was last year toppled by Chinese President Hu Jintao as the most powerful person in the world is again at the helm of the list.547 was below the average of 0. prepared by UNDP. while Mr. 2. except for Burundi on which adjustment data were missing.500). In the 2010 Human Development Report.bottom of the overall index and some what higher when adjusted for inequality. The report said.548 for countries in South Asia. a rout cause for recent unrest in the society.

with a space laboratory module ² a step seen as a crucial landmark along China's road to launch its own space station in the next decade.9-trillion. Under a compromise arrangement Russia for its part agreed to have international monitors deployed on trade crossings of its border with Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The unmanned spacecraft Shenzhou-8 docked with the Tiangong-1 laboratory module which was launched on September 29. The breakthrough came after Georgia. The CECA pact is expected to give a boost to bilateral trade between India and Russia by providing a greater market access for the partners. is by far the largest economy outside the WTO and its entry would mark the biggest step in world trade liberalisation since China joined in 10 years ago.10. The World Bank has estimated WTO membership could add 3 per cent to Russia's economy in the medium term and up to 11 per cent in the long term. British PM David Cameron Congress President Sonia Gandhi (11) and Prime Minister Manmohan Sigh (19) figure among the top 20 most powerful people on earth. a free trade pact the two countries have long finalised but could not seal because Russia was not a WTO member. Indo-Russian trade touched $8. Russia. dropped its demand that the Russian border with two now independent regions be referred to the ³Georgian-Russian border´. a development described by the China space programme as a ³major technological breakthrough´. but falling short of the $10-billion target the two countries had set for 2010. with a GDP of $1. Successful docking exercise between Tiangong-1 and Shenzhou-8 China's space programme hailed its first ever docking exercise in outer space. conducted by an unmanned spacecraft. launched this week. New Delhi and Moscow now hope to increase bilateral trade to $20 billion by the year 2015. which lost its breakaway territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in a five-day war with Russia in 2008. growing three-fold since 2005. Russia's entry into the WTO will open the way for India and Russia to sign a Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA). .5 billion last year. Russia and Georgia are expected to sign a formal agreement next week paving the way to Russia's accession to the WTO at the group's ministerial meeting in December. However. many economists warn that Russian agriculture and manufacturing industries may not be able to compete with cheaper imports. Russia to join WTO Russia has cleared the last barrier on its 18-year-long road to join the World Trade Organisation after reaching a bilateral trade deal with Georgia.

Industry and Textiles Shri Anand Sharma has met the Governor of Xinjiang province of China Mr Nur Baki.China is now only the third country to accomplish a docking exercise in space. TBEA Energy (India) Private Limited is proposing a FDI investment of Indian Rs 500 crore during first phase of a three phase of a three phase µTBEA Green Energy Park¶ Project with a projected total investment of Rs 2500 Crores. Shri Sharma said that the area of drugs and pharmaceuticals is an important segment of our efforts to diversify our bilateral trade basket. handloom and films. Both the Minister also witnessed the signing of MoU between Government of Gujarat and TBEA (India) Private Limited. sustainable and harmonious development of economic cooperation between the two countries. Both the leaders agreed that an Indian delegation should visit Xingjiang province for exploring the possibilities of promoting Indian products in handicrafts. The Indian Minister raised the issue of Indian concern for the trade deficit. As per the trade statistics of DGCI&S the total trade volume has gone up from US $ 2. Both those countries carried out similar exercises more than three decades ago. Trade between India and China has seen exponential growth in the last few years. as another area with great potential for export from Indian side. China's commercial satellite industry has widened its reach overseas. in order to boost development of all round cooperation in this area. and he expressed confidence that both countries are on course to achieve the bilateral trade target of US$ 100 billion by 2015. Trade deficit for the Indian side has increased from US $ 9.8 billion in 2010-11. after the United States and Russia. However. The Indian Minister also highlighted renewable energy where Chinese Government has fixed a target of 100 GW by 2020. With recent rapid advancements in its space programme. Both sides need to work aggressively towards removing administrative bottlenecks and overly restrictive regulatory measures. China's investments in expanding its space programme have also stirred concern among some countries.62 billion in 2010-11 (April-March). by 2020 ² the year the International Space Station is brought down. While China still continues to lag the two countries in its space technology.3 billion in 2000-01 to US $ 59. A balanced trade is needed for long term. launching satellites for more than 20 countries. considering the military dimensions of the technology. India-China trade ties The Union Minister for Commerce. Beijing hopes to close the gap by becoming the third country to put into orbit its own space station. .1 billion in 2006-07 to US $ 20.

while respecting the fundamental rights of taxpayers. It includes automatic exchange of information. 5 Nov 2011 India signs convention on global tax cooperation India signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This co-operation ranges from exchange of information. It is a forum of countries committed to democracy and the market economy. The Convention provides for all possible forms of administrative co-operation between states in the assessment and collection of taxes.Current Affairs. and opened for signature by the member-states of both organisations on January 25. multilateral simultaneous tax examinations and international assistance in the collection of tax due. identify good practices.´ In response. it was reformed into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development by the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. At the same time. The Convention facilitates international co-operation for a better operation of national tax laws. Later. . the OECD and the Council of Europe developed a Protocol amending the multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters to bring it in line with the international standard on exchange of information for tax purposes and to open it to all countries. is an international economic organisation of 34 countries founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. including a multilateral approach for the exchange of information. India has negotiated 19 new double taxation avoidance agreements and 17 new tax information exchange agreements. All members of the G20 have now become signatories to the Convention. in particular with a view to combating tax avoidance and evasion. The OECD originated in 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). In 1961. seek answers to common problems. The Convention will have to be ratified by the Indian Parliament to become law. its membership was extended to non-European states. to the recovery of foreign tax claims. developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). providing a platform to compare policy experiences. in order to check this trend. including automatic exchanges. the Convention imposes safeguards to protect the confidentiality of the information exchanged. Tax evasion and illicit flows are a serious problem and over the last two years. Most OECD members are highincome economies with a high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries. The G20 Summit in April 2009 called for action ³to make it easier for developing countries to secure the benefits of the new cooperative tax environment. 1988. The Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters offers a wide range of tools for cross-border tax co-operation. and co-ordinate domestic and international policies of its members.

Rajdeep Sardesai and Arnab Goswami. ethical and investigative reporting. Irom Sharmila's fast enters 12th yr Irom Sharmila's fast enters its 12th year on 5th Nov 2011. FDI sectoral caps. The law under which she is detained permits the authority to detain her for one year at one go. Earlier. the RBI said. Mandela was chosen for the award because of his sacrifice for the struggle against apartheid. As she refused to break her world-record fast she was remanded in judicial custody for 15 days. The transactions would have to comply with the SEBI regulations. Besides him. Amending the Foreign Exchange Management Regulations. and the pricing guidelines as specified by the RBI. OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría RBI eases FDI procedures The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) announced that transfer of shares between Indians and nonresident Indians (NRIs) would not require its permission in several key areas such as financial services. on completion of her one-year detention. she has refused to break her fast. Since then. . She went on a fast unto death from November 4. People's Parliament Global Award (Meghalaya Tribal Award) 2011 Former South African President Nelson Mandela would be conferred the People's Parliament Global Award.The OECD's headquarters are at Paris. a traditional tribal institution of Meghalaya. FDI sectoral caps. former United States Vice-President Al Gore was conferred the People's Parliament Global Award for promoting awareness on climate change. The RBI permission had also been done away with for transfer of shares between residents and non-residents in cases where the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) had already given its clearances and the SEBI guidelines were met. As she had to be force fed. Mr. and the pricing guidelines as specified by the RBI. France. would be given the People's Parliament National Awards for their unbiased. The period is likely to be extended. 1958 from the State. She was produced in the court. 2000 ² when 10 innocent persons were killed by troopers of 8 Assam Rifles ² demanding the repeal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act. However. three journalists ² Aroon Purie. the RBI said its prior permission would not be necessary where the company whose shares were being transferred was engaged in any financial service. it made clear that the transactions would have to comply with the SEBI regulations. The steps had been taken as a measure to further liberalise and rationalise the procedures and policies governing foreign direct investment in India.

Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil visited Manipur and reviewed the situation with the concerned state authorities. divided into three stages. as well as to check how people cope with technical challenges of long-term far away spaceflight. Meghalaya. could not be simulated. Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA). It conferred special powers upon armed forces in what the act calls "disturbed areas" in the states of Arunachal Pradesh. former judge of the Supreme Court. The central government accordingly set up a five-member committee under the Chairmanship of Justice B P Jeevan Reddy. such as weightlessness and cosmic radiation. Institute of Medical Sciences was declared a sub-jail. Nagaland and Tripura. 2005. It was later extended to Jammu and Kashmir as The Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act. . to simulate the real-life communications lag between Mars and Earth. Similarly. The Reddy committee submitted its recommendations on June 6. Mars-500 mission ends Mars-500 was an international multi-part isolation experiment simulating a manned flight to Mars. the government failed to take any concrete action on the recommendations even after almost a year and a half. the crew of volunteers lived and worked in a mockup spacecraft. 1990 in July 1990. by the Parliament of India. 1958. The experiment's facility was located at the Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Biomedical Problems (IBMP) in Moscow. was passed on September 11. She spends her time reading. During each stage. Russia. Mizoram. Manmohan Singh assured activists that the central government would consider their demand sympathetically. Communication with the outside world was limited. Assam. Prime Minister. a realistically limited supply of on-board consumables was provided for the volunteers. A total of 640 experiment days were scheduled between 2007 and 2011.N. and was conducted with a realistic time delay of up to 25 minutes. while in the custody of the Assam Rifles and the indefinite fast undertaken by Irom Sharmila. the experiment was intended to yield valuable pyschological and medical data on the effects of long-term isolation. in the wake of intense agitation that was launched by several civil society groups following the death of Thangjam Manorama. She has been given the highest national awards by some countries for her sacrifice and campaign. or (b) to replace the Act by a more humane Act. Although some conditions. The Jeevan Reddy Commission In 2004. such as communication with Earth when signals go for minutes. writing poems and articles for some newspapers. The panel was given the mandate of review the provisions of AFSPA and advise the Government of India whether (a) to amend the provisions of the Act to bring them in consonance with the obligations of the government towards protection of human rights. Manipur.a room in the J. However. In the same year.

Brazil. Collectively. two EU citizens and a Chinese citizen. World leaders also failed to agree on how to strengthen the IMF to reverse the European debt crisis. and Group of Twenty) is a group of finance ministers and central bank governors from 20 major economies: 19 countries plus the European Union. Indonesia. 80 percent of world trade (including EU intra-trade) and twothirds of the world population. Current Affairs. Germany. ended on November 4. The West blames developing countries and their ³social dumping´(low salaries determined by the fact that employers paid little professional taxes for worker protection) for increased delocalisation and outsourcing with a consequent increase of unemployment in developed economies. Russia. United Kingdom. The stage included a simulation of a manned Mars landing. 520-day stage of the experiment. Canada. United States.The final. which concluded its two-deliberations in Cannes on 4th Nov 2011. France. which was intended to simulate a full-length manned mission. G20 The Group of Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (also known as the G-20. The experiment ended with all the participants reportedly in good physical and psychological shape. but was only formally established at the G7 Finance Ministers' meeting on 26 September 1999. was foreshadowed at the Cologne Summit of the G7 in June 1999. which is represented by the President of the European Council and by the European Central Bank. 85 percent of global gross national product. This stage was conducted by an international crew of three Russians. The G-20. Japan. Saudi Arabia. Member States: South Africa. The only concrete measure to emerge from the summit is that debt-ridden Italy has agreed to place itself under the trimestrial supervision of the International Monetary Fund. 2011. the G-20 economies comprise more than 80 percent of the world's GDP. Italy. Mexico. Argentina. They struggled to reach concrete resolutions and the Summit was completely overshadowed by Greece's political turmoil and worries about Italy. which superseded the G33 (which had itself superseded the G22). G20. European Union. 7 Nov 2011 G20 summit ends in shadows The G20 summit 2011. China. South Korea. with three simulated Mars-walks carried out on 14. Australia . Turkey. 18 and 22 February 2011.

adoption and dissemination among all relevant inter-governmental bodies and international organisations. one each for civil society.P. The project remained in limbo for 10 years due to political and economic upheaval in Russia after the post-1991 Soviet breakup. Project investment cost to India was estimated to be US$ 3 billion (Rs. Kalam said he support nuclear energy along with solar and wind power as it is a clean and green energy which is very much required for the country's rapid growth now. The CIRP will report directly to the General Assembly and present recommendations for consideration. The Indian proposal calls for a United Nations Committee for Internet-Related Policies should consist of 50 member-states. chosen/elected on the basis of equitable geographical representation and four advisory groups.000-MWe VVER reactors are being constructed at Kudankulam with Russian assistance at an outlay of Rs. A. The two 1. the inter-governmental and international organisations and the technical and academic community. The reactors.615 Crores) in a 2001 agreement.50 metres.171 crore. The advisory groups will provide inputs and recommendations to the CIRP. Two 1 GW reactors of the VVER-1000 model are being constructed by the Nuclear Power corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and Atomstroyexport. would not be affected even by a tsunami. This committee will help to frame international public policies on issues relating to Internet governance.Kalam supports nuclear power The former President. When completed they will become the largest nuclear power generation complex in India producing a cumulative 2 GW of electric power. Both units are water cooled water moderated power reactors. The former President said structural and the mechanical safety systems made the reactors the safest in the nuclear industry across the globe. Abdul Kalam visited the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) and asserted that there was no need for any panic as it had state-of-the-art safety features. Nor would an earthquake threaten them. 13.13.J. placed at a secure height of over 13. India's proposal for Committee for Internet-Related Policies (CIRP) India presented to the United Nations a proposal for the establishment of a Committee for Internet-Related Policies (CIRP). It follows an initiative made under the aegis of IBSA (India Brazil South Africa) to establish a body to deal with Internet governance issues within the framework of the U. as Kudankulam was not within any seismic zone. the private sector. . and also due to objections of the United States on the grounds that the agreement does not meet the 1992 terms of the Nuclear Suppliers Group(NSG). Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) An Inter-Governmental Agreement on the project was signed on November 20.N. 1988 by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.

Miss Venezuela. so as to evolve universally acceptable and globally harmonised policies in important areas and pave the way for a credible. security aspects. Julia Morley. Nepal. economy and trade. environment. 2011 in the South Province of Maldives (Addu Atoll. Its seven founding members are Bangladesh. a 21-year-old human resource graduate and wannabe social activist. co-chairs the pageant. The 16 stated areas of cooperation are agriculture and rural. people to people contact. social. founded in 8th December 1985 and dedicated to economic. inclusive and participatory manner. who was chosen from among 122 contestants. Ms. 8 Nov 2011 17th SARC summit will held in Maldives The 17th SAARC summit will be held on November 10 and 11. Afghanistan joined the organization in 2005. Sarcos. biotechnology. communications. culture. energy. Miss World . stable and well-functioning Internet that plays its due role in improving the quality of peoples' lives everywhere. democratic. Morley's wife. human resource development. technological. Highlevel representatives from Australia. twice annually. Pakistan. social development. Japan and China will participate as observers. meetings of foreign secretaries. with the participation of all stakeholders. The Maldives is hosting the meeting a third time. Current Affairs.Miss Earth The Miss World pageant is the oldest surviving major international beauty pageant.The proposal also seeks to allay apprehensions that the move would undermine the µmultistakeholder model' of Internet governance that is in practice today. the Maldives.Miss Universe . was crowned Miss World 2011 held at London. became the 61st winner of the contest first held in 1951 and apparently conceived as a one-off event to market the Festival of Britain. Bhutan. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an organisation of South Asian nations. and Sri Lanka. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951. and cultural development emphasising collective self-reliance. having earlier hosted the Fifth and Ninth Summit meetings in 1990 and 1997. finance. Nepal. but to make sure that the Internet is governed not unilaterally but in an open. tourism . Ivian Sarcos crowned Miss World 2011 Venezuela's Ivian Sarcos. constantly evolving. The theme of the summit is ³Building Bridges´. India. It envisages the intent of proposing a multilateral and multi-stakeholder mechanism is not to control the Internet or allow governments to have the last word on regulating the Internet. funding mechanism. science and technology. Fuvahmulah). Meetings of heads of state are usually scheduled annually. Since his death in 2000. poverty alleviation. It is headquartered in Kathmandu.The winner spends a year travelling to represent the Miss .

This composite index. stands ninth in its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) status. The current Miss Earth titleholder is Nicole Faria of India who was crowned on Dec 2010.World Organization and its various causes. The award is the highest civilian award presented to foreign nationals who promoted cultural ties between Russia and their countries. With the second highest GDP in the country. is standing third in child rights. Along with Miss Universe and Miss World contests. before being acquired by Donald Trump in 1996. brought out by the HAQ-Centre for Child Rights. Arunachal Pradesh has performed fairly well in sex ratio. Miss Earth is an annual international beauty pageant promoting environmental awareness. She won the title on September 12. the second Tamil writer to win the Jnanpith after Akhilondam. Kerala. Miss Universe is an annual international beauty contest that is run by the Miss Universe Organization. followed by Karnataka. looks into all aspects of child wellbeing in all sectors and indicators for realisation of child rights as a whole. which ranks first in the national child rights. Jayakanthan. Jharkhand is the only State whose economic status matches its child rights rank ² both standing at 17. whereas Maharashtra. child marriage and early childhood care. from Angola. The contest was founded in 1952 by California clothing company Pacific Mills. Arunachal Pradesh is the worst performer in protecting the rights of children. The pageant became part of Kayser-Roth and then Gulf and Western Industries. is known for his radical and striking short stories. next only to Jharkhand. One point that stands out in the indexing ² the first of its kind in the country ² is that economic growth does not necessarily improve the wellbeing of children. Surprising facts the indexing has thrown . Miss Earth is also one of the most publicized beauty contests in the world. Jayakanthan The Russian Federation has announced the presentation of µOrder of Friendship' award to noted Tamil novelist D. which points to the lack of attention to children. Maharashtra does badly in sex ratio and child marriage. 2011. Miss World lives in London during her reign. Traditionally. Miss Earth is one of the three largest beauty pageants in the world in terms of the number of national-level competitions to participate in the world final. 10 Nov 2011 National Child Right Index Kerala tops the national child rights index. Russia to present µOrder of Friendship' award to D. The pageant is the most publicized beauty contest in the world with 600 million viewers. The reigning titleholders dedicate their year to promote specific projects and often address issues concerning the environment and other global issues. which ranks first in the GDP. Current Affairs. The current Miss Universe is Leila Lopes. Jayakanthan. Uttar Pradesh ranks 18th in child rights and 27th in the provision of health care.

Vietnam's request for military assistance Vietnam President Troun Tan Sang made the request in four fields ² submarine training. of the five States falling in the not-so-well performing States category. except Uttar Pradesh. It would be difficult for India to comply Vietnam's request to transfer 1. ranks among the last five in HIV/AIDS intervention. the two best performing States in health. India would be comfortable with providing conversion training for Sukhois as it has completed a similar exercise with Malaysia. which are performing badly in education. On the other hand. are performing poorly in the provision of health infrastructure. All among them are essentially tribal States. and Manipur is the worst performer in crimes by children and Bihar is the best. Uttar Pradesh. Maharashtra alone is from the west. especially after the alleged warning by the Chinese navy to an Indian warship that had left this port after a visit in July. Jharkhand.up are that Mizoram is doing badly in controlling child labour. all the worst performing States are in the Northeast: Sikkim. though ranking third in child rights. modernisation of a strategic port and transfer of medium-sized warships. Karnataka. A significant proportion of the population of the worst performing States. while crimes against children are the highest in Nagaland (in proportion to the number of children). another South-East Asian country. Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Meghalaya. has not been able to address the falling sex ratio and child marriage. wherein the five worst performing State are Assam. located near the critical Cam Ranh Bay. Manipur. Kerala and Goa. Maharashtra. In fact. one of the five best States in health care. with indigenous groups constituting 26.500 tonne vessels to sanitise Vietnam's long coast line and upgrade the Nha Trang port.3 per cent and 64. Vietnam had asked India to transfer Brahmos cruise missiles and offer its small civil nuclear plants for selection. are tribals: Jharkhand and Arunachal Pradesh are tribal-dominated.000 to 1. Himachal Pradesh. as India was not keen to put a spanner in ties with China with which it is shortly slated to sign an agreement to douse tensions by taking care of eye-ball-to-eyeball confrontations between military patrols in certain pockets of the line of actual control (LAC).2 per cent of the population. Tripura. and Andhra Pradesh ² are from the southern region. Assam and Mizoram are from the Northeast. Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Tamil Nadu. The ranking has a regional pattern: four of the five best performing States ² Kerala. In fact. . They are performing badly in almost indicators. Meeting the other three demands needed considerable deliberation. all the five best performing States are not doing well in early childhood care and preventing child marriage. conversion training for its pilots to fly Sukhoi-30. This is also true of health.

and developed by NPO Lavochkin and the Russian Space Research Institute. Study on Moon's Geodynamo A team of scientists has proposed a novel mechanism that could have generated a magnetic field on the Moon early in its history. '2005 YU55' zips past earth 2005 YU55. is dubbed the most challenging inter-planetary mission so far. The last attempt was mounted five years ago. A potentially hazardous object (PHO) is an asteroid or comet with an orbit such that it has the potential to make close approaches to the Earth and a size large enough to cause significant regional damage in the event of impact. potentially hazardous asteroid. collect samples of its soil and return to the Earth in 2014.05 astronomical units (AU) and its diameter is at least 150 m (nearly 500 ft). Scientists hope the mission could help solve the mystery of the origin of Phobos and the solar system. has been a mystery since the days of the Apollo program. It involves sophisticated manoeuvring to approach Phobos from a Mars orbit. when the Mars-96 spacecraft failed to reach even its support orbit and fell back to the Earth. The presence of magnetized rocks on the surface of the Moon. At close distances. This is big enough to cause regional devastation to human settlements unprecedented in human history in the case of a land impact. Russia had sent several probes to Mars in the past. soft-land on the surface of 22-km wide Phobos. but none reached its goal. the Moon orbited the Earth at a much closer distance than it does today.Mission Fobos-Grunt failed Fobos-Grunt a sample return mission to Phobos. It was funded by the Russian space agency Roscosmos. and it continues to gradually recede from the Earth. An object is considered a PHO if its minimum orbit intersection distance (MOID) with respect to Earth is less than 0. harmlessly zipped past earth in a rare fly-by that marked the closest approach to the planet by such a big space rock in 35 years. The ³geodynamo´ that generates Earth's magnetic field is powered by heat from the inner core. tidal interactions between the Earth and the Moon caused the Moon's mantle to rotate . is stuck in the Earth's orbit after its engines failed to fire. But the Moon is too small to support that type of dynamo. or a major tsunami in the case of an ocean impact. The scientists opined that early in its history. approximately 400 meters in diameter. which has no global magnetic field. size of a city block. Nobody has yet attempted to bring rock samples from the moon of a planet. Such impact events occur on average around once per 10.000 years. Fobos-Grunt which means ³soil from Phobos´ after one of Mars' two moons. which drives complex fluid motions in the molten iron of the outer core. one of the moons of Mars.

But recent paleomagnetic analyses of Moon rocks. civil society and scientific experts. Current Affairs. long-lived magnetic field on the Moon early in its history. 3. 2011. 4. time and area restrictions. subject to certain conditions. or fish migration and breeding grounds. charged with keeping the debt-strapped country out of bankruptcy and firmly in the 17-nation eurozone.´ said the order. Rocks can become magnetized from the shock of an impact. . it would have stopped working as the Moon got farther away from the Earth. Annual permits for such sand mining would be issued by the District Collector. ³Traditional coastal communities´ would be the only ones allowed to remove sand bars. Mining would not be allowed in areas identified as eco-sensitive zones. the 64-year-old former vice-president of the European Central Bank was named as the Prime Minister of the new Greek interim government. and compliance would be monitored by the district environmental officer. suggest that there was a strong. new Greek PM Lucas Papademos. 11 Nov 2011 Lucas Papademos. concluded with the release of the Addu Declaration. could give rise to a magnetic dynamo. Govt. He replaces outgoing Socialist Prime Minister George Papandreou midway through his four-year term. This differential motion of the mantle relative to the core stirred the liquid core. Eventually. a mechanism some scientists have proposed to explain the magnetization of lunar samples. 2. creating fluid motions that.slightly differently than the core. Each permit would come with quantity. the Ministry of Environment and Forests has decided to allow this kind of traditional sand mining in all 11 coastal States and Union Territories. After examining a proposal of the Karnataka state government in the light of the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification. using manual methods such as ³non-mechanised dinghies or small boats using baskets or buckets. SAARC Summit ends with Addu declaration The Seventeenth SAARC Summit being held in Maldives. 1. as well as orbital measurements of the magnetization of the lunar crust. The researchers found that a lunar dynamo could have operated in this way for at least a billion years. eases ban on sand mining The government eases the ban against sand mining in coastal areas ² it has permitted traditional coastal communities to remove sand bars in rivers and estuaries strictly by manual methods only. however. on the advice of a committee that would have representatives of local fishing communities. in theory.

8. Direct the conclusion of the Inter-governmental Framework Agreement for Energy Cooperation and the Study on the Regional Power Exchange Concept as also the work related to SAARC Market for Electricity. in order to launch the Service. Direct the convening of an Inter-governmental Expert Group Meeting to discuss the establishment of a regional mechanism to ensure empowerment of women and gender equality in the region. Conclude the Regional Railways Agreement and to convene the Expert Group Meeting on the Motor Vehicles Agreement before the next Session of the Council of Ministers. in promoting the region globally as Destination South Asia. including the Feasibility Study. 2. subject to the approval of national arrangements. Initiate work towards combating maritime piracy in the region. by involving the relevant private sector. 5. and call for an early conclusion of the proposed UN Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism and completion of the ratification of the SAARC Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters. and to develop modalities. 6. Make available an appropriate percentage of national income towards the respective countries renewable energy investments. Maldives in 2012.1. psychotropic substances and small arms and to make coordinated and concerted efforts to combat terrorism. Direct the Secretary General to ensure completion of the preparatory work on the Indian Ocean Cargo and Passenger Ferry Service. 4. 3. . 13. including timely realization of the MDGs and SDGs. Direct the finalization of the work on the elaboration of the SAARC Regional Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution with a view to its adoption by the next Summit. Hold the Twelfth SAARC Trade Fair along with SAARC Travel and Tourism Fair in Kulhudhuffushi. and to direct the early conducting of a demonstration run of a container train (Bangladesh ± India ± Nepal). 10. Direct the SAFTA Ministerial Council to intensify efforts to fully and effectively implement SAFTA and the work on reduction in Sensitive Lists as well as early resolution of non-tariff barriers and expediting the process of harmonizing standards and customs procedures. Root out terrorism. by the end of 2011. Resolve the operational issues related to the SAARC Food Bank by the next Session of the Council of Ministers with a view to ensuring its effective functioning. 11. 9. 7. Ensure timely implementation of the Thimphu Statement on Climate Change. Direct the SAARC Finance Ministers to chart a proposal that would allow for greater flow of financial capital and intra-regional long-term investment. taking into account its linkages with illegal trafficking in narcotic drugs. 12. with focus on national legislations.

17. The Maldives faces a serious credit crunch and had to allow its currency. Direct SAARC mechanisms and institutions to develop and implement regional and sub-regional projects. Maldives has integrated its radar network with that of the Indian Navy¶s Southern Command and sought more avenues for its students to study in a more secular environment. Mark a SAARC Media Day and. in agreed areas. drug trafficking. disaster management and coastal security. Undertake a comprehensive review of all matters relating to SAARC s engagement with Observers. 20.14. Memoranda of Understanding India and the Maldives signed agreements relating to combating terrorism. to float in a limited band to tide over the crisis. Expedite the work on mutual recognition of academic and professional degrees and harmonization of academic standards. In a meeting with Maldives President Mohamed Nasheed a day after the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) summit. in that context. on enhancing ferry services and port development and on . Formulate an actionable framework to address the common challenge of sanitation and access to safe drinking water in the region. research institutions and think-tanks in the region. as may emerge from its subsequent meetings. 16. and establishment of long-term linkages among universities. on developing a police training academy. Current Affairs. decide to convene a Regional Conference on Media to consider deepening collaboration in the region. as appropriate.000 houses costing $ 40 million. including the question of dialogue partnership. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh also announced a $ 100 million credit facility to help the island nation stabilise its fiscal position. 19. on cooperation in the field of culture for 2012-2015. including on the goal and elements of a South Asian Economic Union. 15. Strengthen SAARC mechanisms. the Rufiyaa. through an inter-governmental process. 18. including the Secretariat and Regional Centres. before the next Session of the Council of Ministers in 2012. 13 Nov 2011 India-Maldives signed bilateral agreement on security India and Maldives signed a Framework Agreement of Cooperation and Development and a memorandum of understanding which will provide the bedrock for joint cooperation in safeguarding each other¶s security interests. Direct the South Asia Forum to continue to work towards the development of the ³Vision Statement´ for South Asia and its future development. on transfer of sentenced prisoners. construction of 10.

The election was boycotted by the opposition parties. he said the reactors were designed very well. The two leaders agreed to strengthen cooperation to enhance maritime security in the Indian Ocean Region through coordinated patrolling and aerial surveillance. organized crime. drugs and human trafficking. Bajaj Arab League suspends Syria The Arab League suspended Syria until President Bashar al-Assad implements an Arab deal to end violence against protesters. It was aimed to be a regional organisation of Arab states with a focus to developing the economy. With regard to earthquakes.S. . The committee found that Kudankulam project had a lot of strong points. Syria. which is the referral hospital in The Maldives. officially called the League of Arab States. Its reactors were well protected. The renovation work is expected to be completed in 2013. Iraq. Saudi Arabia. Mutual agreement also include to intensify cooperation in the areas of training and capacity building of police and security forces. Sirleaf get re-elected Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf. and Yemen. The PHRS does not need electrical pumps.S. as they were situated at a higher elevation than the maximum anticipated tsunami level. including piracy. Arab League The Arab League. They agreed to enhance bilateral cooperation on issues of common concern. and called for sanctions and transition talks with the opposition. including the passive heat removal system (PHRS). namely Egypt. terrorism. in the aftermath of the accident at the Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan in March this year. AERB recommendations on Nuclear Power Projects A committee appointed by the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) has recommended extended and enhanced availability of both power and water for all the nuclear power stations in the country. Lebanon. AERB chairman. capacity building and the development of an effective legal framework against piracy. a newly named Nobel peace laureate and Africa's first and only woman President (Liberia). won the poll with over 90 percent of the ballots cast.upgradation of the Indira Gandhi Memorial Hospital in Male. including the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP). The committee reported that the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project has a lot of safety features. exchange of information. The PHRS uses the atmospheric air to cool the reactor fuel core when all sources of power supply to the reactor unit fail and there is a station black-out. was founded on 22 March 1945 by a group of Arab countries. particularly from tsunami. They reiterated their assurance that each side would be sensitive to the concerns of the other on the issue and that their respective territories would not be allowed for any activity inimical to the other and by any quarter.

which he took in 2009. It was also his 18th Masters title win. Roger Federer won the singles title for the first time here by defeating Frenchman Jo-Wilfried Tsonga in the final. It was founded in 1912 at its first congress in Stockholm.Cairo. Bolt. Egypt. the World 100m hurdles champion. and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries. France. second only to Rafael Nadal who has won 19 times. to safeguard their independence and sovereignty. wins the award for the third time after being honoured in 2008 and 2009. The IAAF's current president is Lamine Diack of Senegal. Current Affairs. . athletics' governing body. Prior to the Tennis Masters Series replacing the ATP Super 9 in 2000.resolving disputes. The main goal of the league is to draw closer the relations between member States and coordinate collaboration between them. the event was known as the Paris Open. The win makes Federer just the second player after Andre Agassi to win both the French Open at Roland Garros. and the Paris Bercy title. the Olympic 100 metres champion. Paris Masters The Paris Masters (currently sponsored by BNP Paribas) is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players held in Paris. Since October 1993 it has been headquartered in Monaco. It is also often referred to as the Paris Indoor event. Bopanna and Qureshi won Paris Masters title India's Rohan Bopanna and Pakistan's Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi won their first ever ATP(Association of Tennis Professionals) Masters tournament(Doubles) beating Julien Benneteau and Nicolas Mahut. and coordinating political aims. and the 69th title of his career. Headquarters. Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. The Arab League currently has 21 members (not including Syria) and four observers. were named athletes of the year by the IAAF. named Athletes of the year Jamaican sprint icon Usain Bolt and Australia's Sally Pearson. 14 Nov 2011 Usain Bolt & Sally Pearson. International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics.

Two-time champion. .3 per cent. The Chinese Foreign Ministry is yet to confirm agreements for any of the three proposed 1. To read the article Click Here. However. 15 Nov 2011 Sino-Pak nuclear bonhomie China's state-run nuclear energy company. the fifth at the Chashma nuclear power complex. with the country planning to reduce its carbon emissions and raise the proportion of non-fossil fuels in its primary energy consumption to 11. Berlusconi wooed Italy when he burst onto the political scene in the early 1990s. nuclear power would remain a key component of China's sources of energy. Mr. Pakistan has so far been CNNC's biggest overseas market. Current Affairs. driven out of office after his unhappy handling of a fierce financial crisis stripped him of a majority in Parliament. Kanupp-2 and Kanupp-3. In March. Mr.000-MW reactors to Pakistan. and won him widespread popular support. The CNNC is already in talks with Pakistan to set up another 1. China suspended approval for all new nuclear power plants and ordered a comprehensive safety review in the wake of the nuclear accident in Fukushima.. and Briton Jenson Button (McLaren) finish third ahead of Vettel's Red Bull teammate Australian Mark Webber.Lewis Hamilton won Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton of McLaren won the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 2011. Formula one discussed in detail on the 31 Oct 2011 post. with the company already building two reactors ² Chashma-1. Silvio Berlusconi resigned Italy's Silvio Berlusconi. other Italians tired of his sleaze scandals and a series of embarrassing international gaffes.000-MW reactors. CNNC's vice-president Qiu Jiangang told a meeting in Beijing that the Chashma-5 plant would be its biggest-ever operation overseas. which went into operation this year. which opened in the year 2000.000-MW plant. Berlusconi's latest popularity rating was at an all-time low of just 22 per cent. up from 8. Spaniard Fernando Alonso came home second for Ferrari. CNNC was in talks with the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission over setting up two 1. Japan. and the 300-MW Chashma-2.000-MW plants at the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant. But while his populist style and championing of the American dream of the self-made man assured him adoration in some quarters. China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) is planning to export two state-of the-art 1.4 per cent in the next five years. The media tycoon's daring and splashy political debut in 1993 with a new party called Forza Italia (Go Italy) ² named after a football chant ² was unprecedented.

The NSG granted an exemption to India's civilian nuclear cooperation with the United States. saying China's cooperation was for civilian purposes. with or without exemptions. signed in 2009. In March. the ³Currency Exchange Rate Oversight Reform Act of 2011´. Union Minister for Rural Development Jairam Ramesh on Monday made the announcement stating that the facility would be allowed in all the 60 left wing extremist (LWE) affected districts where the Integrated Action Plan (IAP) has been undertaken. aimed at punishing China for allegedly manipulating its currency and holding it at an artificially low level. subject to IAEA safeguards and likely to go forward. Chashma-3 and Chashma-4. emphasising on land development and water management to increase productivity of land and better living standards . To ensure the creation of a durable asset. which prohibits the sale or transfer of nuclear technology by its members to countries who have not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). His selection came a day after Silvio Berlusconi quit after the Italian Parliament approved new reform measures demanded by the European Union and central bank officials but even those are not considered enough to right Italy's ailing economy.S. Senate last month passed a bill. Obama critical on Yuan devaluation United States President Barack Obama lashed out at Chinese authorities over the alleged undervaluation of the Yuan. He underscored his intention to ensure that China played by the rules of the game. the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) gave its approval to a safeguards agreement for the two new reactors in Chashma. Chinese officials have justified the deals signed by CNNC and other companies with Pakistan. Mr. intellectual property rights and protections for U. new Italian PM Economist Mario Monti elected as the new Prime Minister of Italy. The process will be videographed to prevent irregularities. triggered controversy as they were agreed to after China joined the 46-member Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). The U. companies in China were also proving problematic. MGNREGA wages to be paid in cash The Centre has decided to allow cash payment of wages to workers under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.S. especially since.CNNC's deals for two additional reactors. saying most economists estimated it was devalued by 20 to 25 per cent and that it was time for China to move towards a market-based system for their currency. in addition to the currency valuation issue. but only after New Delhi took on a range of commitments. Ramesh advocated discouraging construction of roads under MGNREGA as these did not last for even two seasons. Mario Monti.

000-kg payload. it is designed to carry a 1. enabling it to carry more propellants and to have a better range than Agni-II's 2. carried an 800-kg payload of conventional explosives. accounting for 8 per cent of job card holders. Australia plans to sell Uranium to India Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard (Australian Labour Party). Click Here to read more about Agni missile system. Uttar Pradesh. said her government is thinking to reverse the ban on selling uranium to India in return for greater strategic proximity between the two countries. capable of carrying nuclear warheads. Agni-IV. This was the longest range mission flown by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) so far.for small and marginal farmers. Current Affairs. is opposed to Australia supplying uranium to a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). India has refused to sign the NPT because it believes the treaty is discriminatory by allowing a handful of countries to retain nuclear weapons. DRDO said Agni-IV has opened a new era for India in the class of long-range missiles to carry strategic [nuclear] warheads for the armed forces and it can cover the whole area on the other side of the border [China]. The spectrum of new technologies incorporated in the Agni-IV mission included fibre reinforced plastic (FRP) or composite casing for the second stage. He promised to come up with a scheme for those who had availed themselves of 100 days of work. The Rs. is a landmark international treaty whose objective is to prevent the . Australia is home to 40 per cent of economically extractable uranium and globally the third largest exporter of uranium. which backs the Labour Government. micro-navigation system (MINGS) as redundancy to improve the vehicle's reliability. The FRP reduced the missile's weight. Sushil Kumar from Bihar. The Green Party. 16 Nov 2011 Agni-IV/Agni-II Prime tested success Agni-IV. was appointed as the brand ambassador for MGNREGA for Bihar.000 km. a powerful onboard computer system. which weighs 17 tonnes and is 20 metres long. However. The first flight of Agni-II Prime in December 2010 was a failure.5-crore jackpot winner at the Kaun Banega Crorepati TV show. ring-laser gyros for inertial navigation system (RINS). a multi-channel communication system and advanced avionics. India's most advanced long-range missile tested success. was earlier called Agni-II Prime. y Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh. commonly known as the NonProliferation Treaty or NPT. The two-stage Agni-IV.

Even though the treaty was originally conceived with a limited duration of 25 years. disarmament. but never came into compliance. 2. Several additional measures have been adopted to strengthen the NPT and the broader nuclear nonproliferation regime and make it difficult for states to acquire the capability to produce nuclear weapons. Russia. non-proliferation. with an implicit balance among them: 1. France. to extend the treaty indefinitely. The test demonstrated that certain non-weapons specific nuclear technology could be readily turned to weapons development. Nations already signatories of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) saw the need to further limit the export of nuclear equipment. including the export controls of the Nuclear Suppliers Group and the enhanced verification measures of the IAEA Additional Protocol. North Korea (have openly tested and declared that they possess nuclear weapons) and Israel (had a policy of opacity regarding its own nuclear weapons program). where the five authorized nuclear weapons states still have 22. . the right to peacefully use nuclear technology. to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament. the United Kingdom.spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology. Opened for signature in 1968. the Treaty entered into force in 1970.000 warheads in their combined stockpile and have shown a reluctance to disarm further. However. critics argue that the NPT cannot stop the proliferation of nuclear weapons or the motivation to acquire them. North Korea acceded to the in 1985. and China (also the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council). and 3. The treaty is reviewed every five years in meetings called Review Conferences of the Parties to the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. and announced its withdrawal in 2003. materials or technology. y Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) NSG is a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of materials that may be applicable to nuclear weapon development and by improving safeguards and protection on existing materials. by consensus. It was founded in 1974 in response to the Indian nuclear test earlier in that year. sometimes interpreted as a three-pillar system. The NPT . They express disappointment with the limited progress on nuclear disarmament. including the five nuclear-weapon States: the United States. the signing parties decided. On 11 May 1995. the Treaty was extended indefinitely. Four non-parties to the treaty are known or believed to possess nuclear weapons: India. a testament to the Treaty's significance. More countries have ratified the NPT than any other arms limitation and disarmament agreement. Pakistan. A total of 190 parties have joined the Treaty.

on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers. Presidential reference is sent to State Assembly. Assembly has to pass a Bill creating the new State/States. Assembly for its view. As of now the NSG has 46 members. There is no requirement that Parliament shall consider the Assembly resolution. the Soviet Union. the President can go ahead with formation of a new State. High Courts and all other requirements of the States to be formed. consideration and ratification within a prescribed period.' or such reference is not responded to within the prescribed time. 4. While such reference is mandatory. After presidential reference. or when such a Bill is approved. France. y Procedure for division To protect the unity and integrity of India. 2. a Bill can be introduced in either House of Parliament on the recommendation of the President. the State will forward it to the Centre.Initially the NSG had seven members: Canada. Article 3 of the Constitution vests the power to form new States in Parliament. Chief Minister Mayawati's announcement on carving four new States out of Uttar Pradesh will first have to be moved as an Assembly resolution. A separate Bill has to be ratified by Parliament. . Before drafting the Bill. Japan. Mayawati for UP split up U. providing other guarantees and location of capitals. Once passed by the House. which in fact means the recommendation of the Union government. it is a political requirement to build an opinion on the formation of a new State or States to prevail over the Union for fulfilling the aspirations of the people. However. the United Kingdom. This means. even if there is opposition to the µreferred Bill. and the United States.P. Avadh Pradesh (central region) and Pashchim Pradesh (western region). West Germany.P Chief Minister Mayawati said her government will introduce a resolution for the division of the State into four smaller states ² Purvanchal (eastern region) . it is open to the Centre to appoint a Commission to fix boundaries and for sharing waters. the Bill will be referred to the U. which may pass the law on the subject. the President need not take a decision as per the opinion expressed by the Assembly. a resolution is tabled and passed in Assembly. Article 3 provides the following procedure: 1. Thereafter. Bundelkhand. If the Centre accepts the State's recommendation. though it is mandatory that the President initiate the procedure and it ends with Parliament passing the relevant Bill. 3. It is only on receipt of a report of the Commission that the President may recommend the Bill.

The provision with regard to the FDI cap for the pension sector is proposed to be incorporated in the regulations once the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority Bill. turned down the Parliamentary Standing Committee's suggestion of providing a guarantee on assured returns on pension fund schemes. In its approval to amendments in the PFRDA Bill. 17 Nov 2011 Cabinet to amend PFRDA Bill The Union Cabinet agreed to partially open the gates to foreign direct investment (FDI) in the pension sector to the extent of 26 per cent. The rules also make it clear that an operator's claim shall in no case exceed the actual amount of compensation paid by him up to the date of filing such claim. As a result. as and when required. as is now available in the area of insurance. Shares or bonds or instruments constituting financial security shall be pledged to the Central government and remain so pledged till the decommissioning of the plant. India notifies rules to implement nuclear liability law India notified the implementation rules for the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act. is enacted. .Current Affairs. The PFRDA Bill provides for the setting up of a statutory authority to undertake promotional. whichever is longer. developmental and regulatory functions with regard to pension funds. however. The government has decided not to mention the FDI cap in the legislation because it has not been able to raise the FDI ceiling in insurance from the existing 26 per cent to 49 per cent as the changes require fresh amendments. but decided not to mention any sectoral cap in the proposed legislation. The rules said the provision for right of recourse referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be for the duration of the initial license issued under the Atomic Energy (Radiation Protection) Rules. the Cabinet. It states that the financial security shall be irrevocable and shall continue till the removal of all spent fuel from the spent fuel storage pool of the nuclear installation after removal thereof from the reactor core. The rules ask the operator to take out an insurance policy or financial security or a combination of both in accordance with the law. equipment or component or builds a structure on the basis of functional specification. the government would find it easier to modify the ceilings through an executive order. 2011. A ³supplier´ includes a person who manufactures and supplies either directly or through an agent a system. 2004 or the product liability period. 2011. the Insurance (Amendment) Bill has been pending approval since 2008. The rules give the nuclear plant operator the right to recourse for the period for which the supplier of equipment has taken liability for patent or latent defects or sub-standard services under a contract. Once the FDI caps are mentioned in the regulations.

maritime as well as security and the retail sector. The Indian automobile industry is opposed to any kind of duty cuts on imports from Europe stating that such a move will harm the domestic manufacturers who have made huge investments in the sector.Logjam in India-EU FTA talks Germany expressed concern over the slow process of the proposed Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and opined that EU bloc and India were far away from reaching an agreement on the FTA. on rotation. Berend Diekmann. bilateral trade in 2009-10 which is aggregated to $75 billion. agriculture and wines and spirits. Marines would be stationed. The EU has sought substantial reduction in tariffs for export of its automobiles. under which 250 U. since June. for small cars it had proposed bringing down tariffs to 50 per cent from 60 per cent and after five years to 40 per cent which was not acceptable to the EU negotiators who were demanding drastic cuts in tariffs on automobiles and wines and spirits. postal. machinery products. India had been demanding that the EU should without any hindrances allow the free movement of professionals within the 27nation bloc. . pharmaceuticals. He said India had agreed to bring down tariffs on high-end automobiles from the present 60 per cent to 30 per cent and further to 20 per cent after five years. The EU is India's largest trading partner. Germany's Head of Foreign Trade Division. accounting. wines and spirits to India. chemicals. United States President Barack Obama and Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard announced a new security arrangement. The EU also wants India to open financial sectors such as banking and insurance. India and the 27-nation EU have been negotiating a comprehensive Free Trade Pact. legal. Both sides have locked horns over the issue of high tariffs on automobiles. On its part. 2007. procurement policy. in Australian bases in Darwin and northern parts of the country. Similarly.S. US-Australia military deal ruffles China China expressed concern over a security agreement signed by the United States and Australia. officially known as Broad-based Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA). said the Indian government was not ready to open up the market to the EU community and bring down tariffs on automobiles and other major products. In Canberra.

but do not permit foreign airlines to own stake in India¶s carriers. won the other prize awarded for the Social Sciences (Political Science and International Relations). Kannan Soundararajan. Pratap Bhanu Mehta. . The Infosys Prize was instituted in 2009. Winners of the prize will be given a gold medal. which the two leaders said would help maintain security in the AsiaPacific region. Ms. 50 lakh. for ³breakthrough contributions to the understanding of clonal seed formation in plants. Current Affairs. won one of the two prizes awarded for the Social Sciences.500. president and Chief Executive. Professor of Physics at the Centre for Condensed Matter Theory. Kalyanmoy Deb. promoted by IT services major Infosys Ltd. Raghuram G.Current rules allow 49% FDI in Indian aviation companies.. Scientist at the Centre for Cellular Biology. it stated. 18 Nov 2011 Civil Aviation Ministry proposed 24% FDI in Indian carriers The Civil Aviation Ministry has proposed that the government allow 24 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by foreign airlines in Indian carriers. a citation certificate and prize money of Rs. Director of the Mathematical Research Centre at Stanford University. New Delhi.´ His research on apomixes (asexual reproduction) in plants could revolutionise agriculture for poor farmers in developing countries. announced the winners of prizes in five categories for 2011. Centre for Policy research. won the prize for research on various aspects of the collective behaviour of living systems ranging from bacteria to schools of fish in the ocean. which have been applied in industries such as logistics and refineries. for his work analysis of the ³complex interaction between financial institutions. the number of personnel would subsequently be expanded to 2.Under the agreement. Gillard said. 2011 The Infosys Science Foundation. Professor at the University of Chicago. Bangalore. The prize for Life Sciences was awarded to Imran Siddiqi. Indian Institute of Science. Hyderabad. won the prize for Engineering and Computer Sciences for his work in the emerging field of Evolutionary Multiobjective Optimisation and Genetic Algorithms. Infosys Prize. governments and people´. Professor of Mechanical Engineering at IIT-Kanpur. won the prize for Mathematical Sciences for his ³path-breaking work´ on number theory. Sriram Ramaswamy. Rajan.

Mr. Ms. The $1. Mr. Honaryar became the first non-Muslim woman member of Afghanistan's Wolesi Jirga. mutual respect and tolerance. Ms.00. 2011 Afghan women's rights campaigner Anarkali Honaryar and Palestinian peace activist Khaled Abu Awwad have been conferred the 2011 UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence. science and communication. Abu Awwad is the general manager of the Palestinian branch of the Parents Circle Families Forum (PCFF). Active on both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian divide. an organisation of Palestinians and Israelis who have lost immediate family members in the conflict. The current policy bars foreign airlines from investing in Indian carriers primarily on security grounds. Honaryar was cited for her commitment and tireless work to improve the conditions of women and minority groups in Afghanistan and to promote the ideals of human dignity. peace and nonviolence through his work as a peace activist and leader in the reconciliation process between Palestinians and Israelis.A majority of Indian airlines are opposed to FDI as they fear that foreign partners would eventually take over the carriers in which they invest. After the Afghan parliamentary elections in 2010. education. y UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize The UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize was created in 1995 to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. A 26 per cent cap would allow a foreign investor to have voting rights in the board of an Indian carrier which would be not allowed if the cap is fixed at 24 per cent. State-owned Air India is also looking for infusion of more funds from the government to bail it out of financial crisis. It is awarded every two years to . Ms. an award instituted in memory of Mahatma Gandhi.000 award will be divided equally between the two laureates. of which he has been the manager and Executive Director since 2006. Jet Airways and Spicejet have also reported losses due to high costs of operation and tax structure. Abu Awwad ² along with other leaders and prominent members of the Palestinian peace movement ² founded AI-Tariq (The Way). Honaryar is also known for advocating the rights of Afghanistan's religious minorities. the µSherni' (lioness) of Afghanistan. Ms. Apart from Kingfisher. the lower house of parliament. who were selected by an international jury. Honaryar's constant battles to protect the rights of the needy had earned her the epithet. culture. human rights. The prize is dedicated to advancing the spirit of tolerance in the arts. As much as she has received public recognition for helping women who suffer owing to domestic abuse. Abu Awwad was chosen for the award for his efforts to promote tolerance. forced marriages and gender discrimination. the Palestinian Institution for Development and Democracy. In 2006. UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize (Tolerance Award). As a member of Afghanistan's minority Sikh community.

however. but it is only now that the Myanmar government has allowed her to accept the award carrying a prize of $1. The FIIs can now invest up to $15 billion in G-secs and $20 billion in corporate bonds. a move that will enhance capital flows and increase the availability of resources for corporates. the novel material could be used for battery electrodes and acoustic. 19 Nov 2011 World's lightest material developed A team from the University of California. Current Affairs. the California Institute of Technology and the HRL Laboratories have developed the world's lightest material. writer and diplomat Madanjeet Singh. according to a Finance Ministry statement. . The scientists were able to make a material that consists of 99. The prize was made possible by the generous donation of the Indian artist. say the scientists.01 per cent solid at the nanometre. United Nations Tolerance Day ² November 16 Finance Ministry rises FII investment limit The Finance Ministry increased the investment limit for foreign institutional investors (FII) in government securities (G-secs) and corporate bonds by $5 billion each.000. The investment limit in long-term infrastructure bonds. Ms. The material's architecture allows unprecedented mechanical behaviour for a metal. who is also Goodwill Ambassador of UNESCO. a metal with a density of 0. He received the Indian Government's "Tamra Patra" Freedom Fighter award in 1972. Developed for the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency. Aung San Suu Kyi accepts the UNESCO Tolerance Award Nearly a decade after it was conferred. a prestigious United Nations award for promoting peace and tolerance has finally been presented to its winner. has been kept unchanged at $25 billion. say the scientists.individuals or institutions for outstanding contributions to the promotion of tolerance and nonviolence. and served nine months in Mirzapur jail during the "Quit India" movement against British colonial rule. Myanmarese democracy campaigner Aung San Suu Kyi. Mr Singh was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi. including complete recovery from compression exceeding 50 per cent strain and high energy absorption.00. micron and millimetre scales. Suu Kyi was chosen for the UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence in 2002. vibration or shock energy absorption.9 mg/cc.99 per cent air by designing the 0. They said that the new material redefines the limits of lightweight materials because of its unique ³micro-lattice´ cellular architecture.

The Indian Directorate of Naval Intelligence had expressed concern that COMRA's access could have strategic implications for India's security. Anshul Kothari of Gujarat emerged the fastest man. under which the China Ocean Mineral Resources Research and Development Association (COMRA) will get exclusive rights to explore 10. highest so far by an individual in the aquatic championship. Kazakhstan and Belarus. Under the deal with the International Seabed Authority (ISA). The two governments will also set up a Joint Study Group to prepare a Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement with the Customs Union. which unites Russia. M.65th National aquatics meet Richa Mishra achieved an Indian best mark for the second time in three days and picked up her fourth gold medal. in Moscow. thereby giving space for other countries. It will deal with integration of technological platforms. 17th annual meeting of the IRIGC The 17th annual meeting of the Indo-Russian Intergovernmental Commission (IRIGC).000 square-km of seabed in the southwest Indian Ocean in an area off the coast of Africa. COMRA can explore polymetallic sulphide ore deposits in the region over the next 15 years. India and Russia will strive to revive the North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC) through Iran that has failed to take off more than 10 years after the three countries signed an agreement to set up the trade route. . COMRA will have to give up 75 per cent of the region within 10 years. India and Russia agreed to ³enhance connectivity´ through the NSTC. was co-chaired by External Affairs Minister S. following which it will have pre-emptive rights to mine the remaining area. not only on a bilateral basis but also in the format of BRICS. Krishna and Russia's Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov. China signed contract for Indian Ocean mining rights China signed a mining contract. The deal also requires China to fulfil certain environmental obligations and monitoring. Analysts in India have also seen the deal as a reflection of India's own failure to be more proactive in better utilising mining exploration rights in the Indian Ocean. The two sides decided to launch a joint public-private investment fund that will invest in both countries. A new Working Group on Modernisation has been added to the nine WGs already existing within the IRIGC.

its partnership with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) is the foundation of its Look East Policy. Vivek Express. and possibly the north-eastern.4352 km 8. He also referred to a study on a MekongIndia economic corridor.8984 km 3.Kerala Express (3054km) Longest Non-stop run. which covers a distance of 3715km (Kanyakumari-Jammu Tawi) was the longest.Kanyakumari to Jammu Tawi (3715km) 3. Moscow(Russia) to Beijing via Ulan Bator (Mongolia). . and the development of a new highway also linking Vietnam. regions of India with the East Asian region. which proposes to link corridors in the peninsular. Singh listed proposals. y India' Longest Train Journeys 1.´ In his statement at the ninth ASEAN-India Summit.Current Affairs. India declared that.Trivandrum Rajdhani (528km) World's Longest Train Services 1. Himsagar Express.4373 km 7.4980 km 5. Shanghai to Lahsa (China). Guangzhou to Lahsa (China). for an India-Myanmar-Thailand highway and its extension to Laos and Cambodia. among others.4466 km 6. Dibrugarh (India) to Kanyakumari (India).Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari (4286km) 2. Moscow (Russia) to Vladivostok (Russia) Also known as Trans-Siberian Railway 9259 km 2. Dibrugarh to Chennai Express (3352km) Longest run for daily train. 20 Nov 2011 India's longest train route inaugurated India's longest rail journey. Toronto to Vancouver (Canada). from Dibrugarh in Assam to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu(4286km) by the newest train. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said that greater physical connectivity between India and the 10-member grouping. Vivek Express .7826 km 4. Dr. With ratification of the India-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (FTA) for Trade in Goods in August this year. Sydney (Australia) to Perth (Australia).4286 km 9th ASEAN-India summit-2011 At the 9th ASEAN summit held in Bali(Indonesia). India expects the ideas to push for greater physical connectivity could gather pace. Till now. inaugurated. Moscow(Russia) to Beijing via Harbin (China). ASEAN countries remains New Delhi's ³strategic objective. Himsagar Express.

India expects the target of $70 billion by 2012. The name of the Bill has been changed to Higher Educational Institutions Bill. and to provide opportunities for member countries to discuss differences peacefully. Lee extended his country's support to India's bid for permanent membership of an expanded United Nations Security Council. The bloc itself. ASEAN was preceded by an organisation called the Association of Southeast Asia. The amendments are made to prevent any capitation fee for the admission. Current Affairs. technology etc. commonly called ASA. India strengthen ties with Singapore Dr. Cambodia. Singapore and Thailand. the protection of regional peace and stability. 2011. cultural development among its members. an alliance consisting of the Philippines. which are at present beyond the scope of any such regulation. discussed a wide range of areas like investments. Human Resource Development Ministry asserted that the proposed amendments will curtail the element of profiteering in some institutions. y Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a geo-political and economic organization of ten countries located in Southeast Asia. on his twoday visit to Singapore. Manmohan Singh. as per the recommendations made by the Parliament Standing Committee on Human Resource Development. India wanted Singapore's investment raised substantially. 22 Nov 2011 Cabinet approved amendments to Higher Educational Institutions Bill. was established on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia. It . with the cumulative investment being $14 billion. Its aims include the acceleration of economic growth. 2010. defence cooperation. with Indian exports accounting for $10 billion. with Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong. given that its investments in China were eight times more. Singapore's direct investment in India was the second largest. Malaysia and Thailand that was formed in 1961. Laos. Click Here to read the earlier article about ASEAN. Since then. and with such a rate of growth.India's trade with ASEAN had increased by 30 per cent in 2010-2011. The bilateral trade stood at $17 billion last year. Mr. and Vietnam. membership has expanded to include Brunei. crossing the $50-billion mark. however.2011 The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Prohibition of Unfair Practices in Technical Educational Institutions. India and Singapore concluded two Memoranda of Understanding for a cultural exchange programme and training of Indian civil servants in urban development in Singapore. Burma (Myanmar). security. Medical Educational Institutions and Universities Bill. Malaysia. social progress. the Philippines.

A key change proposed was that instead of providing 3 kg of subsidised grains a household a month in the µgeneral' category. higher allocations could be made for these beneficiaries. 3. 1. Ernesto Illy Trieste Science Prize. food subsidy stood at Rs. Bangalore. The Govt. Govt.expressed the hope that the Bill would protect students from harassment and extortion. The provision was made as it was assessed that the requirement of grains to meet the obligations under the proposed Bill was around 65 to 70 million tonnes.000 crore. In addition. educational institutions have been explicitly prohibited from hiring unqualified teachers. The proposed amendments include Rs. has been awarded the Ernesto Illy Trieste Science Prize for 2011. To ensure better quality teaching. . C.2011 Prof. first introduced in the Lok Sabha in March 2010. originally included penal provisions of Rs. 2. 63. This means that if food stocks allowed. farm production and productivity had to increase. At present. ³a minimum of 3 kg'' shall be provided.R. reached consensus on draft National Food Security Bill The Finance Ministry had approved the changes in the draft National Food Security Bill that were incorporated after taking the views of the Department of Women and Child Development. the amended Bill has a provision to include any new type of unfair practice that emerges even after the law has been passed. apart from the specific instances named in the Bill.N. 12. 1. For this. The Bill proposed coverage with subsidised grains of up to 75 per cent rural population with at least 46 per cent priority households and up to 50 per cent of urban population with at least 28 per cent priority families. The cost to the exchequer for provision of mandatory subsidised grains to eligible beneficiaries under the proposed Bill was estimated at over Rs. Another proposed change was provision of free meal to eligible pregnant women. The identification of the beneficiaries would be on the basis of the ongoing Socio-Economic Caste Census. needy children. lactating mothers. Given that the education industry seems to be generating newer ways of hoodwinking students with every new class. 50 lakh. plans to introduce the bill in the winter session of the Parliament and is proposed to be implemented from the next fiscal year. 1crore penalty for demanding capitation fee.000 crore. The Bill.000 a month would be provided for six months to pregnant women and lactating mothers. They will have to be careful what they advertise in their glossy prospectuses. Rao of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research. Another feature that gives the Bill more teeth is a grievance redress mechanism to safeguard students from unfair practices. 1 lakh crore. a maternity benefit of Rs. Nutritional support had been suggested for children in the age group of six months to six years and for children between six and 14 years. destitutes and migrants through anganwadis at an additional cost of Rs. as any failure to live up to their promises will also be considered an offence under the new version of the Bill.

the model could be applied to other cities in the far north of the country. If successful. Mr. before eventually taking over from him when the latter retires. The transition process has been set in motion with the appointment of Mr. 24 Nov 2011 Tata Group elected its successor Cyrus P. He will take over the office. Mistry (43) elected as the future chairman of Tata Sons. Ratan Tata has been its chairman since 1991. Mr. automobile. Mr. Mistry is the youngest son of construction tycoon Pallonji Mistry. Mr. one of the largest conglomerate in India. Tata. This award is being given for the first time by the Academy of Sciences of the Developing World. Mistry has been on the board of Tata Sons since August 2006. The award recognizes Prof. The project aims to artificially make ultra-thick slabs of ice. Ratan Tata. Mr. The award includes a cash prize of one lakh dollars. Rao also received the Firodia life-time achievement award just a few days ago. Mongolia's fight against Global Warming Mongolia is to launch one of the world's biggest ice-making experiments. Mistry as the Deputy Chairman of Tata Sons at a meeting of its Board of Directors in Mumbai. Mr. Mongolia's Capital. Mistry pipped to the post Noel Tata. Mistry will work as an understudy of Mr. after the present Chairman Ratan N Tata formally retires in December 2012 on reaching the age of 75. with business interest in diverse sectors such as telecom. aims to ³store´ freezing winter temperatures in a giant block of ice that will help to cool and water the city as the block slowly melts during the summer.Ulan Bator Currency. . worth more than $70 billion dollars. engineering and hotels. Rao¶s monumental contributions to the chemistry of materials for more than 50 years. who also owns a significant stake in the group. In the next one year. The scientists behind this giant geo-engineering project hope that the process will reduce energy demand from air conditioners and regulate drinking water and irrigation supplies. The trial. younger half-brother of Mr. Prof. a medal and a citation. Prof.Tugrik Current Affairs.This is in recognition of his contributions to materials research. Rao delivered a lecture on his research contributions after receiving this award. Mistry is at present Managing Director of the Shapoorji Pallonji Group. long considered a favourite. in an attempt to combat the adverse affects of global warming and the urban heat island effect. funded by the Ulan Bator government.

including methane. But in March 2011 scientists were shocked to discover that neutrinos travelled 60 nanoseconds (or 60 billionths of a second) faster than light.792. Click Here to read more about Neutrino Experiment Click Here to read more about CERN Mission 'Curiosity' NASA is to launch the most sophisticated robot vehicle ever built to explore Mars for signs of previous life. Italy. that are the building blocks of life. seeding life here. is a $2. The 730 km distance between the two points has been measured with an error margin of just 20 cm. which proves that neutrinos can travel faster than light. ³Curiosity´ will go further.OPERA challenges Relativity Theory The OPERA (Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus) team of scientists once again replicated their earlier results.´ found convincing evidence of environments that were habitable in the distant past. This means that neutrinos were travelling at a speed of 299. NASA's last two rovers. looking for carbon-based molecules. Although Mars today looks dry and cold. .5 billion state of the art rover equipped with a tool kit for analysing Martian rocks and soil. Europe's particle physics lab near Geneva to Gran Sasso National laboratory near L'Aquila. it probably would have been hospitable for life earlier. also produce methane gas). The latest confirmation brings them one step closer to shaking the very foundation of modern physics ² Albert Einstein's 1905 Special theory of Relativity that states nothing can travel faster than light. Mars is smaller than Earth. while the speed of light in a vacuum is slower at 299.458 metres per second. That raises the intriguing possibility that pieces of Mars containing microbes were blasted into space by asteroid impacts and later landed on Earth.454 metres per second. 'Curiosity' known formally as the Mars Science Laboratory. NASA subsequently played down the notion of life on Mars and instead set out on a methodical campaign to explore the past geology and climate of Mars.4 milliseconds to cover this distance. dry lake beds and colossal canyons point to a liquid past.798. so Scientists believes that. creatures including a class of micro-organisms that live without oxygen. it cooled faster. A beam of light would take just 2. ³Spirit´ and ³Opportunity. dead geological markings like gullies. The³Curiosity´ carries an instrument that can detect methane in the air (Methane gas shows the presence of life. The experiment involved generating proton pulses and measuring the time taken for the neutrinos to travel 730 km from CERN.

y Proportional Electoral System Proportional Electoral System or Proportional Representation (PR) is a concept in voting systems used to elect an assembly or council. It is a forum of countries committed to democracy and the market economy. France. providing a platform to compare policy experiences. identify good practices. seek answers to common problems. while single member districts encourage a two-party system. For example.Regime change in Spain Mariano Rajoy's People's Party won the Spanish general elections defeating. The OECD's headquarters is in Paris. with 186 seats out of 350 in the lower chamber of parliament. OECD's report on Global Development The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) agency's report "Perspectives on Global Development in 2012: Social Cohesion in Shifting World" noted that India possesses high and rising levels of national savings. the winners have an absolute majority. PR means that the number of seats won by a party or group of candidates is proportionate to the number of votes received. PR systems tend to produce a proliferation of political parties. and co-ordinate domestic and international policies of its members. . the study noted that. The report added that higher savings endow converging countries with a greater capacity to confront the major challenges of investments in human and physical infrastructure. Under the proportional electoral system. structural transformation in labour markets had made the services sector a key source of employment unlike China. which include rapidly growing corporate savings. y Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. The OECD also praised India's overall development model and drew attention to the structural factors underlying its recent decades of rapid economic growth. Citing the rapid rise in labour productivity as a key factor driving this growth. The agency suggested that these funds could be channelled into areas such as poverty alleviation. under a PR voting system if 30% of voters support a particular party then roughly 30% of seats will be won by that party. Rajya Sabha (Council of States) elections are based on Proportional Representation. José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero's Socialist Party. In India. in the case of India. where manufacturing appeared to dominate. Most OECD members are high-income economies with a high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries.

2011 The Union Cabinet approved the Companies Bill. 3. 2. The decision will clear the decks for the entry of foreign retail giants such as Teso. The Bill was originally introduced in Lok Sabha in 2008. has already been vetted by the Parliamentary Standing Committee of Finance and also by various ministries concerned. Some of the key conditions for allowing 100 per cent FDI in single-brand retail include products sold under the same brand name internationally. 2011. cold chain. which will replace the decades old Act (Companies Act 1956). vegetables. manufacturing. distribution. based on the 2011 census. 4. The retail chains will be allowed only in cities with a population of more than 10 lakh as per the 2011 census. design improvement. . pulses. Fresh agricultural produce. It will also make mandatory for companies to earmark 2 per cent of their average profit of the preceding three years for CSR activities and make a disclosure to shareholders about the policy adopted in the process. FDI approval to be taken from the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB). The Cabinet note states that investment made towards processing. but lapsed because of change of government. There are 51 cities with a population of more than one million. warehouses and packaging. fresh poultry. 5. quality control. will constitute back end. 25 Nov 2011 Cabinet approves 51% FDI in multi-brand retail The Union Cabinet gave approval to allowing 51 per cent foreign direct investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail and 100 per cent FDI in single brand retail. 30% of the products to be procured from small scale industries. The Bill also proposes to tighten laws for raising money from the public besides prohibiting any insider trading by company directors or key managerial personnel by treating such activities as a criminal offence. grains.Current Affairs. A minimum investment of $100 million by the foreign investor. class action suits and a fixed term for independent directors. including fruits. The proposal for 51 per cent FDI in retail has some conditions to follow1. 50% of the total FDI to be invested in ³back-end infrastructure´. fishery and meat products. flowers. must be unbranded. amongst others. The Bill. Cabinet approval for Companies Bill. The bill envisages best global practices and introduce new ideas such as corporate social responsibility (CSR). WalMart and Carrefour who have been waiting in the wings for long to get a taste of the $450 billion worth of retail Indian market. product retailing will cover only those products that are branded during manufacturing and the foreign investor should be the owner of the brand.

anchor investors are entities which are offered. others feel assurance that others are willing to invest. foreign institutional investors. Put briefly. The anchor Investor may even have invested in other projects with you. shares in an IPO before the offer opens to the public. This initiative would assess fulfilment of the environmental. So typically an anchor investor will know you and have a high degree of confidence in your project. QIBs form the third investor group. A company can carve out a maximum of 30 per cent of the QIB section and offer it to anchor investors. as a class of committed investors who can be relied on to anchor an issue of capital in all market conditions. social and governance responsibilities of listed entities.5 crore and the maximum number of AIs. no body wants to be the first one to take a bite. Any new public offer of shares is split into sections. and venture capital funds domestic and international provident and pension funds. The issuer would be required to provide disclosures about utilisation of funds so raised. which include mutual funds. banks. Click Here to know more about SEBI y Anchor Investors (AI's) An Anchor Investor is the first investor in any round. In terms of money. SEBI has decided to prescribe a minimum allotment size of Rs. at the prices it deems is the . Once you have the first investors. Anchor investors belong to the Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs) category. Anchor investors also have to make available a margin of 25 per cent of their application and part with the balance within two days from the close of the issue.SEBI on AI's and Business Responsibility The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) decided to mandate listed entities to submit business responsibility reports. SEBI has been decided to specify a maximum tenure of 12 months for warrants issued along with public/rights issue of securities to avoid the possible misuse. The concept of anchor investors came up in June this year following a directive by SEBI. To make the concept of anchor investors (AIs) more effective. as a part of their annual reports. An anchor investor will apply for these shares like a regular investor. each of which is allocated to an investor group such as retail . The concept of anchor investors was introduced by SEBI in June. and subscribed to. that provides subsequent investors a degree of confidence. adverse or otherwise. non-institutional and so on. slab-wise. 2009. both in the offer document as well as on a continuous basis. Until you have the first investor. the minimum application size for each anchor should be Rs 10 crore (This has been changed to 5 Crore by SEBI). These entities are deemed to be in a better position than regular investors to judge the fundamentals and prospects of a company.

S. anchor investors have to make up the difference if their price is lower than what has been fixed. they have to forgo their cash. Once the entire issue. After three years in power. paving the way for a second term in the office. Medvedev said that Russia would be forced to take countermeasures if the U.S dollar. is over and the issue price fixed according to the book-building process. The measures will range from targeting U. 27 Nov 2011 RBI's take on Rupee depreciation While evaluating the current fall in rupee value against major currencies.S. The election has been driven by Mr. dollar against most currencies. Current Affairs. START nuclear arms reduction pact and walking out of the arms control and disarmament process. Russia to retaliate U. His party defeated Phil Goff's New Zealand¶s Labour party for 60 out of 121 parliament seats.S. missile defences to tearing up the Russian-U. The central bank also said that it would intervene whenever necessary. The rupee has depreciated by more than 16 per cent from July till the end of this week.on the day before the whole issue is open to the public. Note that anchor investors are not allowed to sell their investments for 30 days after listing.S. But should their price be above the fixed issue price. which has hardened the U. continues to ignore Moscow¶s concerns and builds a missile shield that would upset the strategic balance of forces Russia. polls have shown the former currency trader is far more popular than the Labour party leader. high inflation and euro-zone debt issues have been attributed to the fall in rupee in the market.S. Key¶s personal popularity. Key has earned the nickname ³Teflon John´ for his indispensable political career. This could mean that there may be fewer investors cashing in on listing gains.and closes . missile defence sites in Europe and deploying new long-range nuclear missiles capable of piercing U. According to Finance Ministry. to the public as well. The Russian leader outlined five immediate steps the Defence Ministry will take on his fit. Mr. RBI noted that widening trade deficit. The offer for these investors opens . the increased uncertainty in the euro-zone on account of the sovereign debt crisis has led to shifting of capital from Europe to the U.S missile plan President Dmitry Medvedev has announced a package of retaliatory measures Russia will take if the United States goes ahead with its missile defence plans. John Key's party won NZ election Prime Minister John Key¶s National Party has won the recently held general elections in New Zealand. . Goff.Put on combat alert Russia¶s newest early warning radar in westernmost Kaliningrad region. Mr. especially the U. Mr. that is.

The treaty. Current Affairs. will replace the agreement on double taxation avoidance signed in 1987. which went into force on 26 January 2011. The new START treaty signed last year is the most tangible achievement of the RussianAmerican ³reset´ the two countries embarked upon two years ago.600 ICBMs (Inter Continental Ballistic Missiles). Proposed by United States President Ronald Reagan. and its final implementation in late 2001 resulted in the removal of about 80 percent of all strategic nuclear weapons then in existence. missile defence plans may effectively put an end to the ³reset´. 28 Nov 2011 Nepal. it was renamed START I after negotiations began on the second START treaty. START negotiated the largest and most complex arms control treaty in history. based on modern taxation principles and in line with the current international environment.S. the replacement New START treaty was signed in Prague by U. submarine-launched ballistic missiles. The clash over U.Strengthen anti-missile protection of Russia¶s strategic missile sites. Develop low-cost and effective measures of disrupting information and fire-control systems of the U. . India signed taxation agreement India and Nepal signed a revised Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA). and bombers. and easing procedures for stakeholders with commercial interests in both countries.S. The treaty was signed on 31 July 1991 and entered into force on 5 December 1994. President Obama and Russian President Medvedev. missile defences. technology and services between India and Nepal. preventing fiscal evasion. The START I treaty expired 5 December 2009.000 nuclear warheads atop a total of 1. If the above measures prove inadequate. According to Indian Finance Ministry The revised DTAA will provide tax stability to the residents of India and Nepal and facilitate mutual economic cooperation as well as stimulate the flow of investment. missile defences. with the aim of encouraging Indian investment in Nepal.S. Russia will deploy ³state-of-the-art strike systems´ in the west and south of the country and set up Iskander missiles in the Kaliningrad region capable of hitting the missile defence installations in Europe.S. On 8 April 2010. y START Treaty START (STrategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of merica and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms. The treaty barred its signatories from deploying more than 6. Equip newly built longrange ballistic missiles with advanced systems for overcoming U.

that is usually run as a road race. while two-thirds of Nepal's trade is with India. meaning it tops the league of planets and moons rated as being most like Earth. The event was instituted in . assistance in collection of taxes between tax authorities and anti-abuse provisions. they said. Click Here to read more about BIPPA Click Here to read more about Bhattarai's India visit Scientists discovered Earth like planet Scientists claim to have discovered a potentially habitable planet which has an environment much similar to that of the Earth and may contain water and even life. The pact comes soon after the two countries signed the Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA) during Dr. The research. called Gliese 581g.The DTAA includes provisions for ³exchange of information. which in turn would lead to greater exports and help bridge the growing trade deficit with India.´ The exchange of information will extend to exchanging bank details. The exoplanet.195 kilometres (26 miles and 385 yards). Like our solar system. Bhattarai's visit to India last month. the planets around Gliese 581 have nearly-circular orbits. the scientists said. and could be shared with other law enforcement agencies with the consent of the information supplying country. is located around 123 trillion miles away from the Earth and orbits a star at a distance that places it squarely in the habitable or the Goldilocks zone. suggests that the planet could contain liquid water on its surface. Its mass indicates that it is probably a rocky planet with a definite surface and enough gravity to hold on to an atmosphere. Airtel Delhi-half marathon Airtel Delhi half-marathon result: Lelisa Desisa -Ethiopia (Men's) Lucy Wangui Kabuu -Kenya (Women's) Indian Men: Suresh Kumar y Marathon The marathon is a long-distance running event with an official distance of 42. Gliese 581 has a mass three to four times the Earth's and orbits its star in just under 37 days. India accounts for more than 45 per cent of foreign direct investment in Nepal. Nepal hopes that the two agreements together would encourage further Indian investment in Nepal.

Eight players are divided into two groups of four. climate conference begin in Durban Durban Climate talks.commemoration of the fabled run of the Greek soldier Pheidippides. . U. 19 of the League¶s 22 member nations approved the sanctions. From there. Besides Kyoto Protocol. a messenger from the Battle of Marathon (the namesake of the race) to Athens. is all set to start. has now won 70 trophies in his career and has also equalled Lendl's record of 39 match wins in the end-of-season event. Unlike most of the other events on the men's tour. CSE launches NSE platform The Calcutta Stock Exchange (CSE) launched operations on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) platform. y ATP World Tour The Barclays ATP World Tour Finals is a tennis tournament played at the end of each year. 30 Nov 2011 Federer won 6th ATP world tour Roger Federer (Switzerland) won a record sixth ATP World Tour Finals against JoWilfried Tsonga of France. involving the top eight players in the men's tennis world rankings. with the winners meeting in the final to determine the champion. the two players with the best records in each group progress to the semifinals. the ATP World Tour Finals is not a straightforward knock-out tournament. and play three round-robin matches (A round-robin tournament or all-play-all tournament is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn) each against the other three players in their group. The 30-year-old. who retains the title he won 12 months ago. Arab League imposed sanctions on Syria The Arab League has approved sanctions against Syria to pressure the regime to end its deadly eight-month crackdown on dissent. the world's only effective legal agreement on climate. Click Here to read more about Arab League Current Affairs. National Stock Exchange (NSE) and CSE ² with a single membership.N. Damascus slammed the move as a betrayal of Arab solidarity. By this Federer moved ahead of Pete Sampras and Ivan Lendl on the list of Tour Finals champions in the 100th final of his career. the outcome of which will decide the fate of the Kyoto protocol. becoming the only stock exchange in India to offer facility to trade on three trading platforms ² Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). including cutting off transactions with the Syrian central bank and halting Arab government funding for projects in Syria.

she received the Prince Claus Award in the Netherlands. she won the Sahitya Akademi award in 1983. In 2008. Australia and others who oppose legally binding climate commitments. and the umbrella group of developed countries. the EU.S. Writing under the name of Mamoni Raisom. The outcome of the U.N. India and China) group formed two years ago. Indira Goswami passes away Eminent writer. and comprising Russia. climate conference will be largely decided by the interplay of forces between the BASIC (Brazil. Indira Goswami. popularly known as Mamoni Raisom Goswami.binding obligations by the member states and the performance of the developed countries regarding their pledges to finance the developing world's climate actions will come to the table. Japan. the Jnanpith in 2001. Canada. . passed away. South Africa. she was known as ³baideiu´ or elder sister in Assam. and literary prizes from almost every Indian State. led by the U.