You are on page 1of 9

Chemistry 1A, Spring 2008

Midterm Exam I, Version 1 Feb. 11, 2008
(90 min, closed book)

Name:__________________________ SID:____________________________ TA Name:_______________________

1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) 5.)

Write your name on every page of this exam. This exam has 15 multiple-choice questions and 3 short answer questions. Fill in the Scantron form AND circle your answer on the exam. There is no penalty for guessing, so answer every question. Some questions may require selecting more than one answer to receive credit. Show all work to receive credit on short answer questions.

Question MC #16 #17 #18 TOTAL

Points /60 /15 /10 /15 /100

Σ S° (reactants) ∆G° = Σ ∆G°f (products) .62608 x 10-34 J s me = 9.Σ ∆H°f (reactants) ∆S° = Σ S° (products) .15 F = 96.Name_______________________________ E = hν λν = c λ deBroglie = h / p = h / mv Ekin (e-) = hν . PV = nRT 3 E kin = RT 2 3RT v rms = M ∆E = q + w w = .Pext∆V 3 ∆E = nR∆T 2 N0 = 6. n = 1.28984 x 1015 Hz k = 1.. 3.101939 x 10-31 kg c = 2.485 C / mol 1 V = 1 J / C 1 nm = 10-9 m 1 kJ = 1000 J Color and Wavelength of Light 800 IR Red Wavelength (nm) 400 600 Green Blue 200 UV ∆G° = ∆H° .RTln K ∆H ° 1 ∆S ° ln K = − + R T R ∆G° = .20578 x 10-2 L atm K-1 mol-1 T (K) = T (C) + 273.Φ = hν .179874 x 10-18 J R∞ = 3.hν 0 Z2 E n = − 2 R∞ n ⎛1 1⎞ E i→ f = −R∞ ⎜ 2 − 2 ⎟ ⎟ ⎜n ⎝ f ni ⎠ ∆x ∆p ≥ h/4π p = mv Particle in a box (1-D Quantum): En = h2n2/8mL2 ..log X pH = pK a + log [ A− ] [ HA] Page 2 .02214 x 1023 mol-1 R∞ = 2. 2.38066 x 10-23 J K-1 h = 6.nF∆Єº pX = .99792 x 108 m s-1 Gas Constant: R = 8.31451 J K-1 mol-1 R = 8.T∆S° ∆H° = Σ ∆H°f (products) .Σ ∆G°f (reactants) S = kBlnW ∆G° = .

What is the coefficient of oxygen in the balanced chemical equation of two moles of butane? 2C4H10 (g) + O2 (g) → CO2 (g) + H2O (l) A) 2 B) 10 C) 7 D) 13 E) 5 2) In lab. Na+? A) 10 B) 24 C) 12 D) 23 E) 11 5) Combustion of a hydrocarbon with O2 yields products with the mass spectrum shown.2 g of water. CH3COOH (aq) + NaHCO3 (s) → CH3COO-Na+ (aq) + CO2(g) + H2O (l) If 53 g of NaHCO3 (s) is mixed with CH3COOH (aq) to produce 7. the reaction of acetic acid and sodium bicarbonate produced CO2 (g) to inflate your airbag. What is the hydrocarbon? 18 A) B) C) D) E) C2H4 C2H2 C4H10 C3H8 CH4 44 Page 3 . what is the limiting reactant? A) B) C) D) E) CH3COOH NaHCO3 CO2 H2O CH3COO-Na+ 3) How many electrons are there in the iodide (I-) anion? A) 52 B) 127 C) 54 D) 128 E) 53 4) How many protons are there in the nucleus of the sodium cation.Name_______________________________ Multiple Choice Questions 1) In class you observed the combustion of butane (C4H10).

7) What is the molar concentration (M) of an alcoholic beverage that is 42% ethanol (C2H5OH) by volume in water (ethanol density: 0.77 x 10-6 Hz 1. Destructive interference results in dimmed or no intensity.0 x 10-2 M 8.2 M 9. C-12 has a mass of 12. 0% of C-13 Can’t be determined.90 g/mL)? A) B) C) D) E) 20 M 8.00 amu.64 x 1014 Hz 1. Use the atomic mass of carbon to calculate the relative abundance of the two isotopes. 9) What is the frequency of light with a wavelength of 532 nm? A) B) C) D) E) 5.77 x 10-15 Hz 5.) A) B) C) D) E) Constructive interference results in bright spots. What color is the object? blue green yellow orange red A) Blue B) Red C) Green D) White E) Yellow Page 4 . Constructive interference results in dimmed or no intensity. 1% of C-13 100% of C-12.60 x 1011 Hz 10) The absorption spectrum of an object is shown below.1 M 8) Consider a two-slit experiment using monochromatic light. 3% of C-13 90% of C-12.Name_______________________________ 6) Carbon has two stable isotopes. A) B) C) D) E) 97% of C-12. Changing the frequency of light affects the interference pattern.2 x 10-3 M 2. Which statements are true? (Mark all that apply. Destructive interference results in bright spots.64 x 105 Hz 1. C-12 and C-13. 10% of C-13 99% of C-12.00 amu and the mass of C-13 is 13.

l = 0. l = 1. l = 1. ml = 1 n = 2.Name_______________________________ 11) Which of the following are possible quantum numbers for an electron in a 3s orbital? A) B) C) D) E) n = 3. ml = 1 12) In a hydrogen atom. ml = 0 n = 3. For the next three questions. The excited state. which of the following arrangements of the electron and the proton has the lowest energy? A) B) C) D) E) The electron is infinitely spaced from the proton. ml = 0 n = 3. l = 1. The nucleus. l = 0. ml = 2 n = 2. None of the above. consider the following set of five orbitals: A B C D E 13) Which of these diagrams represents a d orbital? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E 14) How many nodes are displayed in orbital ‘E’? A) 0 B) 1 C) 2 D) 3 E) 4 15) Which orbital has the lowest energy? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E Page 5 . The ground state.

The molar mass is 180 g/mol. what is the limiting reactant? Explain your reasoning. B) Sucrose.00% C. Write the balanced chemical reaction for the combustion of sucrose. 6.0 g of sucrose and 10. and 53.0 g of sucrose and an excess of oxygen (O2). A) What is the molecular formula? Show your work. is common table sugar. Elemental analysis of glucose gave the following mass percent composition: 40. how many grams of CO2 are produced from the reaction? D) If we start with 10.Name_______________________________ Short Answer Questions 16) Glucose is an important sugar because it is an energy source for living cells. Page 6 .28% O.0 g of oxygen (O2). C) If we start with 10.72% H. C12H22O11.

Name_______________________________ 17) Sodium metal requires light of 683 nm to eject electrons from the surface. C) Would electrons be ejected if 800 nm light was used in the experiment? Why or why not? Page 7 . A) What is the minimum energy (J/mol) required to eject electrons? B) How does reducing the intensity of 683 nm light affect the ejection of electrons? Explain your reasoning.

n3 n2 n∞ Energy E1 n1 E2 E3 A) Calculate the wavelength (nm) of light corresponding to the n = 2 → n = 4 transition.Name_______________________________ 18) Consider the following energy level diagram for a hydrogen atom. 0 n . n4 . . Show all work. Page 8 .

Name_______________________________ Question 18 (continued). where does the excess energy go? If you answered no. where does the excess energy go? If you answered no. B) Can an electron in state n = 1 absorb a photon of energy E2? Circle one: Yes No If you answered yes. why not? Page 9 . why not? C) Can an electron in n=1 absorb a photon of energy E3? Circle one: Yes No If you answered yes.