Degawan, Anna Katrina M.


"Half of humanity now lives in cities and within two decades, nearly 60 per cent of the world's people will be urban dwellers," according to a UN Habitat study. As cities expand into mega regions, there is a rapid growth in the population as well. Some of the world's richest cities are also the most populous. A report by McKinsey Global Institute says that India will have 68 cities by 2030 with a population of over 1 million, 13 cities with more than 4 million people, and 6 megacities with populations of 10 million or more. Here's a list of the world's 15 biggest metropolitan areas. 1. Tokyo (Japan) Metropolitan area: 35.2 million people City: 12.9 million people Tokyo, capital city of Japan is the most populous metropolitan area and the world's largest metropolitan economy with a GDP of $1.479 trillion at purchasing power parity in 2008. 2. Seoul (South Korea) Metropolitan area: 25 million people City: 10.4 million people The Seoul National Capital Area is the world's second largest metropolitan area. Seoul accounts for 21 percent of the country's GDP and is home to major multinational conglomerates such as Samsung, LG and Hyundai. In 2008, Seoul was named the world's sixth most economically powerful city by Forbes. 3. Jakarta (Indonesia) Metropolitan area: 22 million people City: 9.6 million people The capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalisation and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research. Jakarta's economy depends on financial services, trade, and manufacturing. In 2009, 13 per cent of the population had a per capita income of over $ 10,000. 4. Mumbai Metropolitan area: 21.9 million people City: 14 million people Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, is the most populous city in India, and the second most populous city in the world.

Sao Paulo. and cultural activities. commercial. The city is a major political. 6. Manila (The Philippines) Metropolitan Area: 20.9 million people City: 9. 8.2 million people Manila. Beijing (China) Metropolitan Area: 19. As of 2008. 9. media and tourism. BEED4 Mumbai is also the richest city in India and accounts for 6. the capital city of India focuses on industrial sectors like information technology.3 million people Beijing is a recognised hub of political. New Delhi Metropolitan Area: 20. 7. Anna Katrina M.Degawan. In 2010.6 million people City: 11. Brazil Metropolitan area: 20. Sao Paulo is the 10th richest city in the world and is expected to be the 6th richest in 2025. banking. It contributes 4.16 per cent of the country's total GDP.94 per cent to India's GDP. educational and transportation centre of the Philippines.600 crore ($204. hotels.1 million people City: 11 million people One of the richest cities in Brazil.2 per cent of its GDP.7 million people City: 13. is the hub of many scientific and educational institutions.2 million people City: 13. cosmopolitan. Shanghai (China) Metropolitan area: 19. the capital of Philippines. Mumbai's GDP is Rs 919. educational.8 million people One of the fastest growing cities in the world. telecommunications.8 million people .15 billion). Beijing's nominal GDP reached 1. Sao Paulo is also the most important financial centre in Latin America. cultural.37 trillion RMB. 5. Beijing is amongst the most developed cities in China with the tertiary industry accounting for 73.

educational and financial centre. transportation. A gateway for immigration to the United States. Shanghai is now aiming to be a global finance hub and international shipping centre. 11. Kolkata Metropolitan Area: 15. .2 million people City: 7 million people The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East region and 43rd globally by Foreign Policy's 2010 Global Cities Index.687 trillion RMB ($256. New York is the leading centre of banking. cultural.1 million people Kolkata is the commercial capital of eastern India. 10. Cairo. cultural.540). and a manufacturing hub. has a population of over 15 million making it the third most populous metropolitan area in India. 13. New York City Metropolitan area: 19 million people City: 8. including suburbs. Kolkata served as the capital of India during the British era till 1911.3 billion) with GDP per capita of 76. Mexico City Metropolitan area: 18. The World Expo organized in 2010. Cairo. BEED4 Shanghai represents the booming economy of China. 12.7 million people City: 8 million people Mexico City is Mexico's largest city and a political.6 million people City: 5. finance and communication in the United States. making it the eighth richest city in the world. located on banks of the Hooghly river. The city was responsible for generating 21 per cent of Mexico's gross domestic product. Egypt Metropolitan Area: 17.3 million people New York is the most populous city in the United States.000 RMB ($11. The Kolkata metropolitan area. the capital of Egypt has been the centre the nation's commercial activity.Degawan. Mexico City had a gross domestic product (GDP) of $390 billion in 2008. attracted 73 million visitors from around the world. Anna Katrina M. it is also a financial. The city's total GDP grew to 1.

of the world is the most populous city in California and the second most populous in the United States.7 million people City: 10. Los Angeles Metropolitan area: 14.7 million people City: 3. BEED4 14. Anna Katrina M. Moscow Metropolitan area: 13.Degawan. Moscow is the financial centre of Russia and home to the country's largest banks and many large companies.8 million people The entertainment capital. List of metropolitan areas by population Top 5 World's Largest Metropolitan Areas . The Los Angeles combined statistical area (CSA) has a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $831 billion (as of 2008). 15. Los Angeles has been ranked the third richest city and fifth most powerful and influential city in the world.5 million people Moscow is one of largest city economies in Europe and it accounts for 24 per cent of Russia's GDP. behind only New York City in the United States.

South Korea Mexico City.Degawan. United States Mumbai. which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding . India One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area. BEED4 Tokyo. Anna Katrina M. Japan Seoul. Mexico New York City.

450. definitions and sources.750.170 . these numbers should be viewed as approximate. Metropolitan area Area (km2) Population Density (People/km2) Rank Country Population 1 Tokyo Japan 32.000 2. Data from other sources may be equally valid but differ due to being measured according to different criteria or taken from different census years.Degawan.000 5. The basic principles of their definition involve delineating the urban area as the core. There is currently no generally accepted.048 3 Mexico City[3] Mexico 20.550.450.346 2. thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area. and James Pick.049 2 Seoul South Korea 20.784 4 New York[4] United States 19. and (2) At least 20% of the working residents commute to the urban core. BEED4 areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. Richard Greene.[1] One attempt at arriving at a consistently defined metropolitan area concept is the study by Richard Forstall.000 8. then adding surrounding communities that meet two criteria: (1) Less than 35% of the resident workforce must be engaged in agriculture or fishing. they tabulate a list of the twenty largest metropolitan areas in 2003.000 17.076 4.104 5 Mumbai India 19.[1][2] As population figures are interpreted and presented differently according to different methods of data collection.[1] Based on their consistently defined metropolitan area criteria.014 4. Anna Katrina M.884 1.000 7.350 8.200.

850.459 15 Moscow Russia 15.000 5.177 3.000 14.000.785 8. Anna Katrina M.375.650.600.005 .000 3.Degawan.706 7 São Paulo Brazil 18.800.925 1.000 10.000 3.466 12 Hong KongShenzhen[discuss][5] China ( ong Kong) H 15.000 8.100.507 10 Shanghai China 16.100 3.845 9 Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Japan 17.182 5.300.521 6.415 14 Kolkata India 15.179 13 Los Angeles[6] United States 15.223 8 Delhi India 18.000 2.930 2.051 5.000 1.216 11 Manila Philippines 16. BEED4 Rank Metropolitan area Country Population Area (km2) Population Density (People/km2) 6 Jakarta Indonesia 18.250.000 6.000 5.900.780 1.479 2.

Degawan.170.905 20 Karachi Pakistan 11.000 1.130 19 Beijing China 12.210 18 London United Kingdom 12.800. Anna Katrina M. BEED4 Rank Metropolitan area Country Population Area (km2) Population Density (People/km2) 16 Cairo Egypt 14.500.100 10.031 17 Buenos Aires Argentina 13.000 10.000 11.888 1.450.727 .875.000 6.000 1.391 1.600 9.562 1.