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Gifts For “Complementarity”

A Written Work on Cap 15: Reciprocity between Men and Women
During the Spanish times, the woman has been the family treasurer, which, at least to some degree, gave her the power of the purse. Nevertheless, the Spanish also established a tradition of subordinating women, which is manifested in women's generally submissive attitudes and in a double standard of sexual conduct. The woman's role as family treasurer, along with a woman's maintenance of a generally submissive demeanor, has changed little, but the double standard of sexual morality is being challenged. Male dominance also has been challenged, to some extent, in the 1987 constitution which contains an equal rights clause.
(http://countrystudies.us/philippines/44.htm)

True. Even before this decree was promulgated, the view of women as partner, if not equal, to men is getting its hold in the society. Women start to be recognized. Some women have asserted their rights; even at a young age, I have been encountering women sitting in public offices. We had women politicians (foremost are presidents Cory Aquino and Gloria Arroyo). At home, mothers hold the money earned by the fathers and manage all their expenses. In the public elementary and secondary private schools I went to, I had always been under the administration of female principals. In the parishes I grew in, I saw women not just preparing food for the priest, but who were really active in the catechetical apostolate and in the Parish ministries/councils; in fact, their number is greater than that of men. Truly, women are asserting themselves. But is their “asserting” of themselves enough to say that there is a reciprocal partnership between them and men in the society and in the Church? Men are usually greater in number in public offices. Our past presidents were dominantly male. At home, the father is usually the breadwinner; the boys are tasked to do the heavier manual errands. In schools, the technical subjects are a no-woman’s land. In the Church, well, no woman can become a priest, much less a parish priest, and so even if a parish may not be dominated by men it is still led by a male Pastor which holds through for the whole world. Will it suffice to say that there is reciprocity in the relationship between men and women in our society and local Church? In terms of number, a survey claims that men in our country are slightly greater than women; but it does not show much the status of relationship between them. Some realities will tell us the real score.
1. At home, usually the father works and the mother stays to take care of the house. Right now, due to high cost of living, both parents welcome the idea of working. Some men would still relegate household tasks to women making employed women carry a double burden. But right now, due to gender equality consciousness and women asserting themselves, this is not so true anymore. To do household chores is perceived now as the duty of the family. Many decisions in the house are made by both parents and sometimes with their children. If the old mentality still exists, it may be practiced in areas so remote – maybe still tribal in culture and system. 2. A survey regarding gender inequality shows that women are gaining higher achievement than men in the three dimensions of human development: gender health, gender education index and gender income. (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/headlines/StatsSpeak/2009/020909_cja_gdi.asp) Given all these gender statistics, it only shows that men

But how shall they put it? 4. and their relationship is that of partnership rather than that of leader-follower. the consciousness of equality is gaining grounds. it is becoming a reality that women start to become the breadwinner more than men. Also in the realm of studies. somehow. how can they become good mothers if their time for children is consumed in work? This becomes worse to mothers who are very much career-oriented. But now. like Adam and Eve. women are greater in number than men. One must think that the gift he/she received is one of the vital gifts and not the greatest of all gifts. For a harmonious relationship and for one’s good and the good of the society. they either add “woman” or rather use “person” or “people” to refer to all. People have to think of their gifts. family. there will not be so much depression and violence in this world. Some encyclopedias would really have to be revised in order to become gender-sensitive and acceptable to all. I believe the . our mother”. and not isolated parts. God is addressed not just as Father. Women begin to enjoy more opportunities for job and so. Many educated women become more career-oriented. master-slave. they might think that they are already gods. With this mindset. Women seem to be more gifted. If this basic thing is given prominence above the material/consumerist perceptions of man. God has given us the gift of our sexuality. but if this giftedness is abused by men. A culture may be in the form of consciousness of equality between man and woman. men need to be open to the claim of women for equality. the Church and the Kingdom. men will really find it easy to accept the reality of women asserting themselves. They may no longer be “commodified” in the old sense. gifts are for “complementarity”. begetting and nurturing children. it has its contribution for selfactualization and the building of the society. or worse. Above all. Man must not forget his vocation as man. he may be “tunnel-visioned” as psychology claims but his focus can give direction to society. women are asserting themselves more: not because they want to dominate men but for equality (equal rights and status in the society) and for self-realization. in this very sophisticated life. Gender consciousness has also penetrated religion. they must anchor their gift in our dignity as man and woman created by God. society and the Church. 3. before the word “man” is referred to all men and women in general. redeemed by His Son and sanctified by the Spirit. People now become conscious of using terms. I believe God has given us our diversity with the view of making a united whole. It struck me a bit but it is true since God has no gender (except in Jesus). then the “commodification” of women has just mutated into a new form. gifted with manhood. God has given us our gifts to contribute in the fulfillment of his plan. a common culture is observed. However. They forget to balance things. One’s gift is useless if it is not related to those of others. Since the world has become a global village and the access to anything is possible. only they have the right to become mothers. even if there is a very small rate of graduates from colleges. Having attended some Catholic and even ecumenical gatherings. Even in our national language and in some dialects. And a lot of men start to recognize this – whether they are taken aback or are really open to it.are being left behind. and so would just reverse the past mentality instead of correcting it. Midali is right. then relationships will be a venue for nurturance. men just seem to care less. This comes into tension with the view that women must become good mothers. Well. but also as “God. If only they would focus on their particular gifts for the building of their selves. Woman is gifted with womanhood. but it has to happen hopefully not as a reaction but in order to enhance spirituality and communion. 5. women must be cautious not to go beyond what they ask for because. If not for the wrong mindset. On account of globalization. you cannot but depend much on money. Gender consciousness has penetrated even our symbols of prayer. their job takes priority rather than their family.

• commitment to effective and sustained freedom from oppressive and discriminatory situations • clear opposition to the commodification of women • critical attention to feminism. Some realities will tell us the real score.reciprocity in relationship between man and woman will enhance and be enhanced the gifts and personhood of each one.ph/data/pressrelease/2002/pr02178tx. long-term goals within the ecclesial • a church renewed for effective reciprocity between men and women • Priority formation of consciences • sincere recognition of ecclesial ministries of women • access of women to management positions in decision-making bodies • serious comparison of consecrated men and women with this problem • deep and comprehensive theological renewal of the Encyclopedia • complex and enlightened commitment critical to inclusive language .census.gov. a survey claims that men in our country are slightly greater than women (http://www. social systems and their justifications • Update Project personalistic commitment to society • Update Project personalistic commitment to family • commitment to the full utilization of maternity and paternity • commitment to the humanization of the world of work and professions • awareness and support for women involved in politics 2.html). but it does not show much the status of relationship between them. In terms of number.

focal points 5. mode exchange • attitudes and critical interventions • attitudes and actions preferable 4. customization Long term goals in society and the church 1. design. the government has institutionalized various mechanisms in recognition of the role of women in . social systems and their justifications • Update Project personalistic commitment to society • Update Project personalistic commitment to family • commitment to the full utilization of maternity and paternity • commitment to the humanization of the world of work and professions • awareness and support for women involved in politics 2. design. focal points 5. operators exchange • Men and women protagonist change set • Specific tasks of women • Specific tasks of men 2. correction. Referrals gear 3. MTOs • At the level of local churches • A national and international shipping 6. testing. testing. Referrals gear 3. verification. and the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action adopted during the 4th World Conference on Women in 1995.Strategic factors in society and the church 1. long-term goals within the ecclesial • a church renewed for effective reciprocity between men and women • Priority formation of consciences • sincere recognition of ecclesial ministries of women • access of women to management positions in decision-making bodies • serious comparison of consecrated men and women with this problem • deep and comprehensive theological renewal of the Encyclopedia • complex and enlightened commitment critical to inclusive language Strategic factors in society and the church 1. Long-term goals in society • formation of consciences • commitment to effective and sustained freedom from oppressive and discriminatory situations • clear opposition to the commodification of women • critical attention to feminism. In addition. operators exchange • Men and women protagonist change set • Specific tasks of women • Specific tasks of men 2. mode exchange • attitudes and critical interventions • attitudes and actions preferable 4. verification. It is also committed to the implementation of the 1985 Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women. the 1993 Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. MTOs • At the level of local churches • A national and international shipping 6. correction. customization The Philippines is a signatory to the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

7989. more popularly known as the Magna Carta of Women. the creation of Gender and Development (GAD) focal points in government agencies including the LGUs. adjusting the HDI downwards to account for differences in the levels of development between women and men. GDI was estimated at 0. .6435 in 2003. and gender income index (GII). and income (Table 1). however.6087 indicating that there is gender inequality in overall achievements in health. the GDI has the following components: gender health index (GHI). was ratified by the Senate with 18 senators supporting its passage. and the mandatory provision of at least five percent of the agency’s or local government’s total budget for the implementation of its GAD plan. wouldn’t Pepe feel jealous that Pilar is getting all the attention? And refer to Pilar as “ang babaeng humugot ng aking tadyang?” Should there be a Magna Carta of Men too? In 2008. 2396. the NSCB implemented a project on the “Development of a Methodology and Estimation of Gender Development Index (GDI) at the Local Level. the NSCB Technical Staff formulated another indicator. However. GDI is defined by the UNDP as a measure of human development that adjusts the Human Development Index (HDI)3 for disparities between women and men. With all these efforts geared towards enhancing the status of women. Patterned after the HDI framework.0348 indicating that there are positive gains towards achieving gender equality (Table 1).8310 to 0. Calling on our Department of Education (DepEd) as this is only one of many statistics6 indicating deterioration in our education! • Inequality between women and men is more pronounced in income than in education and health. the GDI does not answer the question. It must be stressed. which aims to determine who between women and men are faring better. • Adopting the UNDP HDI classification5. education. the 2000 as well as 2003 GDI for the Philippines is rated “medium. • From 2000 to 2003.0659 to 0.3254. the GDI “penalizes” countries for gender inequalities. “Who benefits more from development? Mga babae ba o mga lalake?” To address this. the value of the GDI is always lower than the corresponding HDI. the difference between the HDI and the GDI has narrowed from 0. Loosely stated. So what do the GDI and GER tell us? Gender inequality indeed exists! • While the country’s HDI was estimated at 0. It is expected that the President will sign the bill into law this March 8 – in time for the celebration of the Women’s Month and the International Women’s Day.2542 to 0. In general.” Health and income situation becoming more equal! But definitive deterioration in disparity in education between women and men! • Achievements in health and income are getting less unequal between women and men as GHI increased from 0. which produced estimates of GDI for all provinces of the country as well as for cities and municipalities of five pilot provinces. gains in health and income were negated by the deterioration in education (Table 2). the passage of the Women in Development and Nation-Building Act.” which was funded by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) through its “Achieving the MDGs and Reducing Human Poverty” program.6842 to 0. it measures the average achievement that is adjusted for gender disparity. the Gender Equality Ratio (GER). from 2000 to 2003. that the GDI is not a measure of gender inequality. Foremost of these is the creation of the NCRFW in 1975. A GER with value greater than 1 indicates that women have an advantage over men4. achievements in education became more unequal as GEI decreased from 0. A National Dissemination Forum was conducted in October 2008. However. gender education index (GEI). The Project developed a methodology. Hence. Senate Bill No. which aims to protect Filipino women from all forms of gender discrimination and abuse. rather. Just recently. the formulation of the Framework Plan for Women and the 1995-2025 Philippine Plan for Gender and Development.7018 and GII increased from 0.nation-building. covering the years 2000 and 2003. which separately accounts for inequality between women and men in three dimensions.

The GER can also be analyzed by dimension.0248). But Maguindanao women have the biggest disadvantage! • Women were outperformed by men in achieving human development with the biggest margin in Maguindanao as the province posted the lowest GER of 0. Yaman ka ng Bayan!”?) • However. Even now. In fact. because of consciousness of equality and women assert themselves. Although women were eligible for high positions. the biggest disparity was in Ifugao in favor of women and in Sulu in favor of men! • In terms of income. education (1.7066) and Abra (1.9202).1170 to 1. • The biggest disparity in health was in Ilocos Sur in favor of women and in Tawi-tawi in favor of men! • In education. But right now. (I guess this makes Pepe. Surigao del Sur (1. women’s relative advantage over men in health and education has decreased from 2000 and 2003 as the GER decreased from 1. Women in Zamboanga del Norte have the biggest advantage… • In 2003. only about 15 percent of top-level positions were held by women. these were more often obtained by men.0583 in education (Table 3). men would usually relegate household tasks to women.) Women attained higher development than men in most provinces in 2003! • 70 of 79 provinces in 2003 show that women have an advantage over men in terms of development: whole of Luzon (except for Benguet and Masbate) and Visayas (except for Siquijor). and not just of the women in the house. or where disparity occurs (Tables 6 and 7). employed women carry a double burden. education. Apayao (1. women in Zamboanga del Norte enjoyed higher achievement than men than in any other province as the province had the highest GER at 2.2299) in 2003.Women outperformed men in all the three dimensions of development in both 2000 and 2003! • Women gained higher achievements than men in all three dimensions as indicated by the higher than one levels of GER for health (1.8111).2299 (Table 3).8491) and Benguet (0.1735 (Table 4). http://countrystudies.0583) and income (1. the biggest disparity was in Zamboanga del Norte in favor of women and in Basilan in favor of men! This favorable occupational distribution does not mean that women were without economic problems. Sulu (0.us/philippines/44. the advantage of women in the income7 dimension grew bigger as the GER in income increased from 1.0329 to 1. In 1990 women represented 64 percent of graduate students but held only 159 of 982 career top executive positions in the civil service. Household chores perceived as the duty of the family. Mario and Juan less financially dependent on their wives. Basilan (0.3935). • Other provinces in the top five list where women have higher achievement in human development are in Biliran (2.0644). (Possibly one of the reasons why this year’s Women’s Month theme is “Babae. therefore. and 19 in Mindanao (Figure 1).0248 in health and from 1. This is helpful in identifying provinces where development programs in health. and income have been equitable for women and men.0979 to 1.htm . is gaining grounds.0206 (Table 5).6894). • Other provinces where the disparity in favor of men over women was highest are in Siquijor (0. In the private sector. this is not so true anymore.0222).