# Class XII Physics SAMPLE PAPER XII - PHYSICS Time : Three Hours General Instructions (a) All questions are

compulsory. (b) There are 30 questions in total. Questions 1 to 8 carry one mark each, questions 9 to 18 carry two marks each,questions 19 to 27 carry three marks each and questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each. (c) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks, one (d) question of three marks and all three questions of five marks each. You have to attempt only one of the given choices in such questions. (e) Use of calculators is not permitted. (f) You may use the following physical constants wherever necessary : c = 3 x 108ms-1 h = 6.6 x 10-34Js e = 1.6 x 10-19 C Boltzmann constant k = 1.38 x 1023 JK-1 Avogadro’s number NA = 6.023 x 1023/mole Mass of neutron mn = 1.6 x 10-27 kg ________________________________________________________ 1. The radius of innermost electron orbit of a hydrogen atom is 5.3X10-11m.What is the radius of orbit in the third excited state? 2. What is the range of frequencies used for TV transmission? 3. In which orientation, a dipole placed in a uniform electric field is in i)unstable ii) stable equilibrium 4. 5. 6. 7. Calculate the speed of light in a medium whose critical angle is 30 0 ? Name a physical quantity whose S.I. unit is N / C. Is it scalar or vector quantity? Define self inductance of a coil. Write its SI units A wire of 10 ohm resistance is stretched so that its length gets doubled. Assuming that there is no change in its density on Stretching. Calculate the new resistance of the wire. 8. What is the work done by magnetic field on a moving charge? 9. Give the nature of V-I graph for i) ohmic ii) non ohmic circuit elements. Give one example of each type. 10. State faraday’s laws of EMI. Max. Marks : 70

conductivity and electric field.Define the terms i) dis-integration constant.Write postulates of Bohr’s atom model.Explain with suitable circuit diagram the working of Zener-diode as voltage regulator.11. 26. Derive relationship between real depth and apparent depth. 23. 17. Discuss the effect of dielectric on capacitance. 21. State the rule to find its direction.Obtain an expression for the magnetic moment of an electron in a circular orbit of radius r and moving with a speed v. 24. OR What is Biot-Savart Law? Use this law to obtain an expression for magnetic field at the center of a circular coil 28. Calculate the focal length of a convex lens of refractive index 1.Write the principle.What are EM Waves? Write its two properties. Write the various energy losses in transformer. Name the device that converts changes in intensity of illumination into changes in electric current.Where n is the number of orbit. What is interference of light? Write any two conditions for interference of light. 29. 16. Is it possible to construct a 100% efficient . Identify two pairs of perpendicular vectors in the expression. 19. Write the expression for the torque experienced by the dipole. Prove that the radius of an electron in a stationary orbit is α n2 . What happens to band width i) in forward bias ii) in reverse bias? 14. OR Derive the expression for the capacitance of parallel plate capacitor.Explain the working of junction diode as a full wave rectifier. Show mathematically that a convex mirror always produces a virtual image independent of the location of the object. When will the torque be (i) maximum and (ii) minimum 20. 30.c. Using young’s double slit experiment derive expression for the fringe width in interference pattern OR Derive the relation between the focal length of convex lens in terms of radius of curvature of two surfaces and refractive index of material of lens. construction. Write the sign convention used in the derivation of this relation. of a capacitor is zero. and working of transformer.Write the conditions for minimum deviation for a prism. ii) average life of a radioactive element 18.5 and each of radius of curvature of 20 cm. Also derive the expression for refractive index of the material of prism in terms of angle of prism (A) angle of minimum deviation (Dm). 25. construction and working of Vande Graaff generator with labeled diagram.State Ampere’s circuital law. 12. Use this law to obtain an expression for magnetic field due to a toroidal solenoid.Calculate the ratio of de-Broglie wavelength associated with a deuteron moving with velocity 2v and an alpha particle moving with velocity v. What are the elements of communication system? Explain them separately 27.An electric dipole of dipole moment ‘p’ is placed in a uniform electric field of intensity E.Prove that average power over a complete cycle of a. Draw the input and output waveform. 22. State the principle. 13.Derive the relation between current density. Give any three applications of this device. 15.

what is angle of dip at that place. The vertical component of earth’s magnetic field at a place is √ 3 times the horizontal component . OR Write the principle. construction and working of A.C generator. ? . Write the relationship between amplitudes of electric and magnetic fields in free space for an electromagnetic wave ? 2. Why is long distance power transmission is preferred on high voltage? PAPER 2 Questions : 1.Transformer ? Justify your answer.

3. Find the de-Broglie wavelength associated with them ? 15. What are optical fibers ? Mention their one practical application ? 14.8 cm .Give any one limitation of this theory. The diameter of solenoid is 1. black and yellow colours respectively . A voltage of 30 Volt is applied across a carbon resistor with first second and third rings of blue. Which logic gate is represented by Boolean expression Y= ? 9. A closely wound solenoid 80 cm long has 5 layers of winding of 400 turns each .1 m . An α particle and a proton are accelerated from the state of rest through some potential difference V . What is net charge on n-type semiconductor ? 8. calculate value of current through resistor ? 11. estimate the magnitude of inside the solenoid near its centre ? 12. State the postulate of Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom. Draw the circuit diagram of NAND gate and give its truth table ? 18. A charge of 10 μC is given to a hollow metallic sphere of radius 0. find the potential at outersurface of sphere ? 10. 20. Name the following constituent radiations of electromagnetic spectrum which is used for 1) studying crystal structure 2) taking photographs of sky during night and foggy conditions ? Which of the twohas longer wavelength? 13. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another 2 μF capacitor . Obtain an expression for the capacitance of parallel plate capacitor with plates of area A each heald at distance d apart with a metal slab of thickness ‘t’ (<d)in it .if the current carried is 8. What is power dissipated by an ideal capacitor ? 4. 17. A 4 μF capacitor is charged by 200V supply . The refractive index of a material is √ 3 what is angle of refraction if unpolarised light is incident on it at polarising angle of medium ? 6. How much electrostatic energy of . will this metal give photo electric emission for incident radiation of wavelength 330 nm ? 16. The work function of certain metal is 4. Write value of impedance of LCR circuit at resonance ? 5.2 eV . What is function of control rods in nuclear reactor ? 7.0 A . Derive condition of balance of Wheatstone’s bridge ? 19.

Verify Snell’s law of refraction using Huygen’s wave theory . Write principle and 5B and 5B ? two advantages for satellite transmission ? 28. Derive Lens Maker’s formula for a double convex lens .811u .the first capacitor is lost in form of heat and electromagnetic radiations 21.0 mm . What will be the fringe width if the entire apparatus is immersed in a liquid of refractive index 1. 26.00931u and the atomic weight of Boron is 10. the principle and working of cyclotron ? 23.determine the currents I1 .01294u and 11. Two circular coils X and Y having radii R and R/2 respectively are placed in .6 has radii of curvature 40 cm and 60 cm . Boron has two isotopes 5B10 and 5B11 . Find ratio of intensities at two points on a screen in young’s double slit experiment when waves from the two slits have a phase difference of (1) 00 and (2) 900 ? 25. I2 and I3 for the network shown below ? 22. State Huygen’s Principle .33 ? 29. A double concave lens of glass of refractive index 1. Calculate its focal length ? Or Derive an expression for fringe width in a two slit interference experiment ? In young’s experiment the width of fringes obtained with light of wavelength 6000 A0 is 2. Find relative abundance of 10 11 27. Explain with the help of labelled diagram . Using Kirchhoff’s law .calculate 1) rms value of voltage ? 2) rms value of current ? 3) power dissipated ? 24. A sinusoidal voltage V = 100 Sin314t is applied to a resistor of 5Ω resistance .their respective masses are 10.

if the coil Y is now lifted vertically upwards through a distance R . In which ammeter the shunt will be of larger resistance? 3.horizontal plane with their centers coinciding with each other . one of copper and another of constantan are removed from a magnetic field at right angle to their place within the same time interval. what must be current in coil Y to make total magnetic field at the common center of two coils to zero ? with the same currents flowing in two coils . An electric dipole is placed in a uniform electric field.n –p transistor . In which loop will the induced current be greater? 4. One is converted into an ammeter and the other into milli-ammeter. explain underlying Principle and working of moving coil galvanometer ? A galvanometer coil has resistance of 12 and the meter shows full deflection of 3 mA . Which E M wave is used for haze or night photography? Write its frequency range. There are two identical galvanometers. Two atoms have mass numbers in the ratio 1:27. In the following diagrams. What is the ratio of their nuclear radii? 8. Explain how the input and output voltages are out of phase by 1800 for a common emitter transistor amplifier ? Or With the help of a suitable circuit diagram explain working of transistor as an oscillator ? Find the voltage gain and power gain in a CE transistor amplifier when β =66 and the input and output resistances are 0. Define the term voltage gain and write expression for it. what is the net force acting on it ? 2. Two identical loops. which of the diodes are forward biased and which . Draw a labelled circuit diagram of a common emitter amplifier using a p. one slit is covered.5 K  and 50 K  ? SAMPLE PAPER-3 1. 5. How will you convert the meter into a voltmeter of range 0 – 18 volt ? 30. On what factor does the energy carried by a photon of light depend? 7. What will be the effect? 6. In Young’s double slit experiment. what would be net magnetic field at Centre of coil Y ? Or With the help of a neat and labelled diagram . coil X has current I flowing through in clock wise sense .

Which particle has the highest charge to mass ratio? 10. X has air between the plates and Y contains a dielectric medium of K = 5. Calculate the potential difference across the capacitors X and Y separately. The figure shows tracks of three charged particles crossing a uniform electrostatic field with same velocities along the horizontal. Give the signs of the three charges. X and Y are two identical parallel plate capacitors having the same area of plates and same separation between the plates. .are reverse biased? 9.

9 cm. (i) Calculate the potential difference developed between the axis of the disc and the rim. A ray of light passes through an equilateral prism ( such that angle of incidence is equal to  th angle of emergence and the latter is equal to 3/4 of angle of prism.c.11. Determine the values of R and S. 15. Explain. mains the current in it (a) is very small if the secondary circuit is open but (b) increases when the secondary circuit is closed.40 A. 12. A uniform magnetic field of 0. When the primary of a transformer is connected to the a.0 cm carries a current of 0. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field B at the centre of the coil? 14.2T acts perpendicular to the disc. the null point occurs at  51. If now a resistance of 12is connected in parallel with S. State any four properties of electromagnetic waves. In a metre bridge. A circular coil of wire consisting of 100 turns. the null point is found at a distance of 33. (ii) What is the induced current if the resistance the disc is 2 ohm ? 16.7 cm from A. each of radius 8. . Calculate the angle deviation. 13. A circular copper disc 10cm in radius rotates at 20  adian/sec about an axis r through its centre and perpendicular to the disc.

A radioactive isotope has a half-life of T years. What is its S. He gets the answer as 4 : 1. Unit? A student is asked to calculate the ratio of electric flux through the surfaces of spheres S1 and S2 with charges placed inside. as shown in Figure .I. A series LCR circuit connected to a variable frequency 230 V source. (i) Sketch the amplitude modulated waveform (ii) What is the modulation index? 19. b) 1% of its original value? 18. How long will it take the activity to reduce to a) 3. .125%.The carrier wave is given by c(t) = 2sin(8πt) volts. 20. Check the correctness of the answer by actually calculating the electric flux ratio through the two surfaces and state whether his answer is correct or incorrect.17. Define Electric flux . A modulating signal is a square wave. as shown in the figure.

Derive an expression for the total energy of electron in the nth orbit of a hydrogen atom. Show the input and output wave forms. Two polaroids are used to study polarization.03 kg moving with a speed of 100m/s . (a) Determine the source frequency which drives the circuit in Resonance. With the help of circuit diagram explain the working of a transistor as a switch by using n-p-n transistor. Which of the following can be polarized: (i) X-rays and (ii) Sound waves. Distinguish between metals. (b) Obtain the impedance of the circuit (c) and the amplitude of current at the resonating frequency. insulators and semiconductors on the basis of energy band diagrams.L = 5. Give reasons. one of them is kept fixed and other is initially kept with its axis parallel to the polarizer axis . Hence show that the wave nature of matter is important at the atomic level but is not really relevant at the macroscopic level. 23. as compared to the initial intensity and why? 27. 25. Calculate the de-brogrlie wavelength of (i) an electron moving with a speed of 1/100 of speed of light in vacuum (ii) a ball of radius of 5mm and mass 0. Deduce an expression for the distance up to which the TV signals can directly be received from a TV tower of height h . 24. 21. C = 80F. 26. Show graphically the intensity distribution of a single slit diffraction pattern. 22.900 and 1800 in turn.0 H. The analyzer is then rotated through angles of 450. OR With the help of circuit diagram explain the working of a p-n junction diode as a full wave rectifier . State with reason how would the linear width of central maximum change if (i) monochromatic yellow light is replaced with red light (ii) distance between the . How would the intensity of light coming out of the analyzer be affected for these angles of rotation. R = 40 .

calculate the current in 4. calculate (i) the potential gradient of wire. (ii) value of unknown e. With the help of circuit diagram explain in brief the use of potentiometer for comparison of emf of two cells.Which of these two characteristics should have high or low values for each of these two types of magnets. 28.f. and a ferro-magnetic material behave when kept in a non-uniform external magnetic field? Give one example of each of these materials. E is balanced at 600 cm of this wire. OR State kirchoff’s laws. The wire is connected in series with a battery of 5V along with an external resistance of 480 ohm. 30. 29. para. (ii) Role of phosphor bronze strip.f.m. A 10 m long wire of uniform cross-section of 20 resistance is fitted on the board.slit and screen is doublled. . Explain (i) importance of radial magnetic field. How will a dia. Name two main characteristics of a ferro magnetic material which help us to decide its suitability for making (i) a permanent magnet (ii) an electro magnet. If an unknown e. In the circuit shown in Fig. OR With the help of labeled diagram explain the principle and construction of moving coil galvanometer. Assume the  internal resistances of the cells are negligible.5 ohm resistor.m. Write two conditions necessary for total internal reflection to take place.

Define Brewster’s law. Compare the intensity of images formed in two cases. Work function of a material is 1. (i) (ii) What will be the ratio of their resolving power . calculate the value of threshold frequency for the material.A small bulb is placed at the bottom of a tank containing water to a depth of 80cm.33 OR Draw a labeled diagram to show the image formation in an astronomical telescope for normal adjustment position. Identify the forward biased and reversed biased p-n junction diode configuration . *************************************** SAMPLE PAPER -4 1 2 3 4 5 6 State Gauss law and write mathematical expression for Gauss law.1 eV. Value of Brewster angle for a medium is 60 0. Write the definition of 1 ampere in terms of force between two parallel spaced current carrying wires. What is the area of the surface of water through which light from the bulb can emerge out. Two convex lenses of same focal length but aperture 5cm and 10cm are used as objective lenses in two astronomical telescopes. find refractive index of the medium. 7 8 Write the name of one doping element for n-type semiconductor and name the mobile charge carriers in case of n-type semiconductors. Define wattles-current and write the value of phase angle between V & I? Write one use of each (i) microwave (ii) infrared radiation. Refractive index of water is 1.

. 10 The balance points in a potentiometer experiment for two different combinations of two given cells are found to be at 980 cm and 400 cm respectively. Calculate the value of shunt resister to increase it`s range to 600 mA. How will it affect the fringe width so obtained? Give reason. obtain an expression for mutual inductance of two closely bound straight solenoid. Draw an equipotential surface for point charge. show that i + e = A+ D. State Huygen’s principle of wave theory of light. A moving coil galvanometer gives full scale deflection when 10 mA current flows through it. State Lenz’s law. What does the term LOS means in communication system? Name the type of wave used for LOS communication. OR Two point charges 4µC and -4 µC are separated by a distance of 1 m in air. Write two examples of circuit elements which do not follow Ohms law. State Ohm`s law. Define current sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer. Derive the Laws of refraction of light using this principle. Draw a circuit diagram for the verification of Ohm`s law. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 A red colour monochromatic light source is replaced by a green colour monochromatic source in Young`s double slit experiment. For a prism. black.+5 V +3 V +3 V +5 V (a) (b) 9 Define equipotential surface. Write condition of resonance in LCR series circuit. Calculate electrostatic potential at a point on equatorial line. Give Input and output wave form of a sine wave for a half wave rectifier. Calculate the ratio of the emfs of the two cells. The colours of the bands on a carbon resistor are red. Find the value of resistance of the resistor. Show that the Lenz’s law is in accordance with the principle of conservation of energy. Draw circuit diagram of a diode as half wave rectifier. Give its tolerance. Define resonance of LCR series circuit. 11 12 13 14 15 A ray is used to sterilize medicine containers and can travel in vacuum. Identify the ray and write its wave length range. white and silver.

.Write its principle and explain its working. Using the diagram derive the relation. = A converging lens of focal length 50 cm is placed co axially in contact with another lens of unknown focal length. Hence define dipole moment. find the power and nature of the second lens. (ii) potential energy of the dipole. Draw a simple circuit diagram for amplitude demodulation and show input intermediate and output wave form for demodulation. 30 Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of the image of a point object placed in a medium of refractive index n1 on the principal axis of a convex spherical surface of radius of curvature R and refractive index n2.23 24 25 State postulates of Bohr`s atomic theory. If it experiences a torque of 8√3 Nm. 26 27 28 Plot the distribution of kinetic energy of β-particles and State why the energy spectrum is continuous. Explain the working of transistor as a switch with the help of labelled circuit diagram. what is the kinetic energy of the proton beam produced by the accelerator? Express your answer in MeV. Describe briefly how the de-Broglie relation was experimentally verified. In a galvanometer there is a deflection of 10 div per mA. OR What is an electric dipole? Deduce an expression for the torque acting on an electric dipole placed in a uniform magnetic field. A cyclotron’s oscillator frequency is 10 MHz. If a shunt of 2Ω is connected to the galvanometer and there are 75 divisions in all on the scale of the galvanometer. calculate the maximum current which the galvanometer can read. What should be the operating magnetic field for accelerating protons? If the radius of its dees is 60 cm. Define the terms current sensitivity and voltage sensitivity of a galvanometer. calculate the. with the help of a labelled diagram. Establish Bohr`s quantization of angular momentum of the electron using de-Broglie hypothesis. Mention its two uses. Draw a neat labelled diagram of Van de Graaf generator . OR With the help of a neat labelled diagram. Draw a schematic experimental arrangement used by Davisson and Germer to establish wave nature of electrons. (i) magnitude of charge on the dipole. Define the term demodulation. An electric dipole of length 2 cm is placed with its axis making an angle of 60o to a uniform electric field of 105 NC-1. 29 Explain the principle and working of a cyclotron. The coil resistance of the galvanometer is 78 Ω. explain the principle and construction of a moving coil galvanometer. If the combination behaves like a diverging lens of focal length 50 cm.

1 1 1 1 4. 1 8. Give the formula for binding energy per nucleon. (i) What is the ratio of electric flux through S1 and 2Q . Name the electromagnetic radiation used for viewing objects during haze and fog.6. 9. Give one example for each of the species. A converging lens has a focal length of 20 cm in air.3.OR Derive the lens maker’s formula in case of a double convex lens. of the nucleus. What are coherent sources of light? 6. Distinguish between isotopes and isobars. It is made of a material of refractive index 1. If it is immersed in a liquid of refractive index 1. 5. State the assumptions made and conventions of signs used.2 10. Q O S1 S2 S2? (ii) How will the electric flux through the sphere S1 change if a medium of dielectric constant 5 is introduced in space inside S1 in place of air? 2 . Find the stopping potential applied to a photocell if the maximum kinetic energy of a photoelectron is 5V. Name the rule to get the direction of force acting on a charged particle q. 7. Draw characteristics curve for a zener diode. what will be its new focal length? Sample paper -5 1. moving with a velocity v in the uniform magnetic field? 1 3. What is the direction of the electric field at any point on the equatorial line of an electric dipole? 1 2. S1 and S2 are two hollow concentric sphere enclosing charge Q and 2Q respectively as shown in figure. Define magnetic flux and its SI units.

State its SI unit. Name the types of wave that are used for ‘LOS’ communication. Give its two applications. Find the wavelength of electromagnetic wave of frequency 4x109Hz in free space.2 18.11. Show that the energy stored in a parallel plate capacitor is 1/2CV2. 2 15. C and R in series. what is the power dissipated in the circuit? 2 13. 3 . determine the ratio of their activities at this instant. Give typical examples with the help of suitable diagram of communication system that uses space wave mode of propagation.3 23. 3 21. 2 6 V 1 µf 2 µf 2µf 1 µf 2 µf 19.2 17. What is amplitude modulation? Represent the process graphical. Draw ray diagram to show the image formation by (i) simple microscope (ii) compound microscope. Write its two limitations. What is meant by impedance? Using the phasor diagram derive an expression for the impedance of an electrical circuit containing L. How will you convert a galvanometer into a voltmeter? Find the resistance of voltmeter so formed? 2 16. 2 12. Write the full form of the term ‘LOS’ and define it. The instantaneous current and voltage of an ac circuit are given by I=10 Sin314t A. State Kirchhoff’s rule and state the conservation laws on which each is based in an electric network. Give two differences between interference and diffraction of light. 2 14. V=50 Sin314t V. Define the term activity of a radioactive substance. 20. Find the total energy stored in the capacitor in the given network. 3 22. Two different radioactive elements with half lives T1 and T2 have N1 and N2 atoms respectively present at given instant. Write the Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction.

********……………………………………………… . 25. ………………………………. Write the principle of cyclotron and with the help of labeled diagram. Draw the labeled diagram for the formation of image by reflecting type telescope. Draw the circuit diagram and the characteristics curve for n-p-n transistor in common-emitter mode. State its three advantages over refracting type telescope. State the principle of a potentiometer. How can the sensitivity of a potentiometer be increased? 5 29. 5 Or Derive an expression for the force per unit length between two long straight parallel current carrying conductors. Show variation of stopping potential as a function of frequency of incident radiation. Find the truth table of the following gate. what is the radius of curvature of the mirror. Write Einstein’s photoelectric equation of photo electric effect. 3 A B Y A B Y 28. and hence define one ampere. Define diffraction and write two differences between interference and diffraction.24. Write the formula used. Draw a circuit diagram to compare the emf of two primary cells. 3 26. explain its construction and working. Or Derive lens maker formula. 27. In the accompanying diagram the direct image formed by the lens (f=10cm) of an object placed of o and that formed at the same point o. 30.