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Cell Respiration & Photosynthesis HL Test

Name: _____________________
1. Which statement(s) about anaerobic cell respiration is/are correct?

NAD is reduced to NADH + H+ II. Which of the following reactions take place in the Krebs cycle? I. C. What effect do the leaf pigments have on the white light? A. B. Green and red wavelengths are absorbed and blue wavelengths are transmitted. ATP is produced Oxygen is required III. II. D. C. White light is then passed through the solution of pigments. A. ADP and inorganic phosphate is condensed to ATP A.I. Pigments are extracted from the leaves of a green plant. B. B. Green wavelengths are absorbed and red and blue wavelengths are transmitted. D. II and III 2. Pyruvate is converted to acetyl CoA (ethanoyl CoA) IV. Red and blue wavelengths are absorbed and green wavelengths are transmitted. FAD is oxidized to FADH2 III. I and II I and III III and IV I and IV 3. D. . C. III. Glucose is converted into pyruvate I only III only I and III only I. Blue wavelengths are absorbed and green and red wavelengths are transmitted.

I B. IV 5. D. A. Where are the photosystems of the light dependent reaction located? A. C. The diagram below shows a longitudinal section through a chloroplast. Which of the following reactions is an oxidation reaction? Pyruvate → Acetate + CO2 FAD + 2H+ + 2e– → FADH2 Ribulose bisphosphate + CO2 → 2 × Phosphoglycerate NADP+ + 2H+ + 2e–→ NADPH + H+ 6. B. They contain enzymes to reduce ADP and inorganic phosphate to . The surface area of the inner membrane of mitochondria from heart muscle cells is over 200 m2 g–1.4. What is the reason for the large surface area of the inner membranes of the mitochondria in the heart muscle cells? A. They contain enzymes to oxidize ADP and inorganic phosphate to ATP. III D. II C. The average surface area for the inner membranes of mitochondria in a epithelial cell is 40 m2 g–1. They contain enzymes to hydrolyse ADP and inorganic phosphate to ATP. B. C.

B. D. Outer and inner membranes III. C. 9. B. At which stage of photosynthesis is light involved most directly? Reduction of NADP+ to NADPH2 Chemiosmosis The synthesis of chlorophyll The photoactivation of chlorophyll 8. Which of the following features is/are present in mitochondria but not in chloroplasts? I. C. Glycolysis Krebs cycle Oxidation of pyruvate to acetyl CoA Accepting electrons at the end of the electron transport chain Which combination of changes describes biological oxidation? 10. They contain enzymes to condense ADP and inorganic phosphate to ATP. During which process are oxygen molecules directly involved during cellular respiration? A. 7. B. D. A. DNA and ribosomes II. I only II only III only I and III only .ATP. C. D. D. Cristae A.

What is the correct sequence of chemicals produced in the anaerobic respiration pathway? A. glucose → pyruvate → lactate . Which row in the table describes the first stage of cellular respiration? 13.11. lactate → pyruvate → ethanol B. Which diagram represents the action spectrum of photosynthesis? 12. glucose → lactate → pyruvate D. ethanol → pyruvate → glucose C.

[8] . [8] (b) Outline the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis. (a) Draw and label a mitochondrion as seen in electron micrographs. Which combination measures the rate of photosynthesis? 15. [6] (c) Explain the effect of light intensity and temperature on the rate of photosynthesis. [6] (b) Explain the conversion of the chemical energy of organic compounds into ATP in aerobic cell respiration. Where is carbon dioxide produced in the mitochondrion? 16. [6] 17. [4] (b) Outline the cellular locations of different named processes in both photosynthesis and cell respiration.14. (a) Outline the conversion of light energy to chemical energy in photosynthesis. (a) Explain the light-independent reactions of photosynthesis. [8] 18.

[6] . Describe what would happen to these enzymes if they were exposed to increasing temperatures. [8] (c) The process of respiration involves many enzyme catalysed reactions.19. [4] (b) Explain the reactions that occur in the matrix of the mitochondrion that are part of aerobic respiration. (a) Outline the differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration.