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HelicalPile TechnicalDataSheet

March2011

Unit714SmallfordWorks,SmallfordLane, St.Albans,Hertfordshire,UK,AL40SA. Tel:+44(0)1727821282.Fax:+44(0)1727828098.


1.0 Introduction ScrewFastFoundationsLtdarethelargestandlongestestablishedoperatinghelicalpiledesigner, supplierandinstallationcompanyintheUK.In2005wewereawardedthehighlycovetedQueens Award for Enterprise in the category of Innovation. As a founding member of the international InstitutionofHelicalPileEngineering(IHPEng),ScrewFastFoundationsareattheforefrontofthe global helical piling industry and lead the way with regard to best practice, quality, health and safety, research & development, pile testing, experience & technical knowhow, standards and specification. The company is led by a team of competent, experienced design engineers, project and procurement managers, and technicians. The design team consists of highly qualified and chartered civil, geotechnical and structural engineers and is backed up by a technical team of specialistmechanicalengineersandexperiencedtechnicians. 2.0 DesignRequirements Anelasticanalysismodelcanbeusedtoevaluatedeformationunderload.ScrewFastFoundations LtduseOasysGSA. 5.1 Shaft ShaftsectionsareformedfromstandardstructuralhollowsectionsinGradeS355tothenecessary impact property using BS EN 10210 with longitudinal weld seam or seamless, or BS EN 10219 material with longitudinal weld seam. Outside Diameters (OD) used are generally defined by standardSCIBluebooktablesorsimilar.Thewallthicknessisgenerally8or10mm,butothersizes andspecificationsareavailableforusedependingonapplication. OD 60.3 76.1 88.9 114.3 139.7 168.3 193.7 219.1 244.5 Table1Commonshaftoutsidediameters(mm) 273.0 323.9 4.2 LateralLoading LateralloadingrestraintonverticalpilesisanalysedusingmethodssuggestedbyBroms(1964)or Brinch Hansen (1961). These depend on pile length and stiffness, ground stiffness, and the stiffnessoftheconnectionattheheadofthepile.Restraintcanalsobeachievedbyrakingpiles (individually or within a group), or enhanced by the use of Angel wings on vertical piles to increasetheprojectedsurfaceareaactingagainstthesoil. Thesummationoftheindividuallateralcapacitiesprovidestheultimatelateralresistanceofapile groupwherepilesareconsideredaswidelyspacedinaccordancewithCIRIAReport103Designof LaterallyLoadedPiles. 5.0 StructuralDesign

Pleaserefertothewebsiteatwww.screwfast.com ortheIHPEngwebsitewww.ihpeng.com formoreinformation,casestudiesandphotos.


They may include anallowance for sacrificial cross sectional loss, galvanizing to BS ENISO 1461, cathodicprotectionbyprovisionofsacrificialanodes,ortheuseofacoatingsystem. 7.0 Fabrication&Quality

FabricationofhelicalpilesistoBSEN10902.PleaserefertoSFFQR054HelicalPileSpecification formoreinformation. ScrewFastFoundationsmaintainsanISO9001(UKAS)accreditedQualityManagementSystemand alsocomplieswithotherqualityauditsystemsasindicatedbelow.Thisincludesfulltraceabilityof allmaterials,itemsandworkmanship(weldsandinspections). 8.0 Installation,Torque&Equipment

Structural design is undertaken to BS EN 19935 and BS EN 199311. Please refer to SFFQR054 HelicalPileSpecificationformoreinformation.

For information on ScrewFast Foundations requirements for pile design, including site investigation,loadingandotherrequirements,pleaserefertotheseparateScrewFastFoundations document SFFQR057 Guidance on General Requirements for Pile Design which can be found on theScrewFastwebsite. 3.0 Specification

ScrewFastFoundationsoperateandmaintainthelargestandbroadestrangeoftorquedriveheads for helical pile use in the UK, from 5kNm up to 250kNm capacity. What is believed to be the worlds largest dynamometer for torque head calibration has been developed to operate and maintain a stringent calibration, inspection and maintenance procedure for all drive heads. ScrewFastsmethodsaretraceabletoUKAScertifiedinstrumentsincompliancewithScrewFasts ISO 9001 (UKAS) accreditation. The dynamometer is backed up by torque transducers, which accuratelymeasuretorquebasedonelectronicsensorsbuiltintodoubleflangedcouplingswhich are fitted between the pile driving heads and the piles. Electronic data logging options showing date,time,locationandtorqueareavailable. Afeatureofhelicalpilingtechnologywhichcanprovideassuranceofpilecompetenceisderived frommonitoringtheinstallationtorquewhilescrewingthepileintotheground.However,thishas to be assessed with due regard given the possible inaccuracies in both the measurement of the installationtorque(onethatreliesonpressureonly),aswellasinpredictingtherequiredtorque. Installation torque predictions can vary considerably depending on soil types and pile configuration. Torque measurements during installation can reveal useful information about the competence of the pile and may also indicate whether soil reports are compatible with the evidencefromtorquereadings.Itisthereforeimportanttogetaccuratereadings,especiallyover the final phases of installation. Countrywide installation experience has led to a large torque databaseforvarioussoilconditions. Torqueheadsarepoweredfromthehydraulicsofstandardexcavators(5tonneto45tonne)and powervariesdependingonpressureoutput.Pleasecontactthetechnicaldepartmentforadvice. 9.0 PileTesting

PleaserefertotheseparateScrewFastFoundationsdocumentSFFQR054HelicalPileSpecification writteninlinewiththeICESpecificationforPilingandEmbeddedRetainingWalls(2007)whichcan befoundontheScrewFastwebsite. 4.0 GeotechnicalDesign

AFEMelasticanalysismodelcanbeusedtoevaluatedeformationandsettlement,translationand rotationofthepile(group)underaxialandlateralload.ScrewFastFoundationsLtduseOasysGSA andOasysALPforthispurpose. 4.1 AxialLoading Axial (tension and compression) capacity is calculated from the sum of the individual helix plate capacities using effective stress bearing theories in coarse grained materials and the Brinch Hanson (1961, 1968, 1978) & Meyerhof (1963) methods in fine grained materials. Various other possiblefailuremechanisms(includingcylindricalpulloutfailure)arealsoanalysed. Helices are strategically positioned for best performance and are spaced such that their zone of influence does not overlap (or suitable reduction factors are applied). ScrewFast Foundations conservativelyignoreskinfrictionandendbearingontheshaft. Installedaxialpilecapacitiesofuptoapproximately3000kNULSincompressionand1800kNULS in tension are currently achievable, and with future developments its likely that 5000kN ULS compressionand3000kNULStensionwillbepossible. Practicalguidanceonhelicalpiles(designandinstallation)canbefoundinH.PerkosHelicalPiles (2009)andothersources. ScrewfastProductsareProtectedbyCopyright,PatentsFiledandPending,UK&Foreign,No.s: GB2360809,GB2390128,GB2412686,GB2413164,GB2426777,GB2418949,GB2420581,GB2431938, 816230.7,903579.1,908684.4,1002308.3,1002310.9,1005971.5.

Thechoiceofshaftsectionisbasedprimarilyonitstorsionalcapacity,butbendingcapacity,axial crosssectionresistanceanddurabilityarealltakenintoconsideration. 5.2 Helices HelixplatesarepressedfromstandardstructuralrolledproductsinGradeS275,S355orS450.The thicknessoftheplatecanbefrom10to35mmthicknessdependingonthenecessarystructural capacityrequired.Theoutsidediameterofthehelixplatecanvaryfrom250upto1200mmand canbepressedtovariouspitchesdependingontheapplicationandgroundconditions. In order to provide accurate calculated working capacity and torsional output, ScrewFast ensure that the helix is true, i.e. of constant gradient, with the lead and trailing edges parallel, and radiallyperpendiculartothepileshaft. 5.3 Connections WeldedandboltedconnectionsarealldesignedtoBSEN19935andBSEN199311. 6.0 DurabilityDesign

ScrewFastFoundationshaveundertakenasubstantialnumberofpiletestsonhelicalpiles(often at our own instigation) over a wide range of applications and soil types. This includes cyclical testingattheTransportResearchLaboratory,maintainedworkingloadandultimateloadtestson workingandpreliminarypiles.Alltestdataisstoredinourelectronicdatabaseforongoinganalysis toaiddesigndevelopmentfordifferentpileconfigurations,soiltypes,andloadapplications. 10.0 Records

Forsteelhelicalpiles,adurabledesigncanbeachievedbyanumberofdifferentmeansdepending ontherequireddesignlifeandtheenvironmentalconditionsintowhichthepileisinstalled.These protectionsystemswillgenerallybeeither: 1. 2. 3. Electrolytic(includingcathodicandsacrificial)systems Barriersystems;or AcombinationofElectrolyticandBarriersystems

Arecordismadeofeverypileinstallationonsiteandeachischeckedandsignedoffbyamember of the project design team. Any onsite design variation requests are referred back to the design teamforinstructionandapprovalduringinstallation.ScrewFastFoundationsoperatea24/7help deskforallourprojects.
Member of

CompanyRegistrationNo:3902417 VatNo:741032576

No. 510514

No. 77558

No. GB 9498