iSCPC User Guide

IDS Release 7.0 September 15, 2006

13865 Sunrise Valley Drive | Herndon, VA 20171 | +1 703.648.8000 | www.iDirect.net

Copyright © 2006 iDirect, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The specifications and information regarding the products in this manual are subject to change without notice. All statements, information, and recommendations in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express, or implied. Users must take full responsibility for their application of any products. Trademarks, brand names and products mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective owners. All such references are used strictly in an editorial fashion with no intent to convey any affiliation with the name or the product’s rightful owner.

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Contents
1.0 2.0 Procedure Overview........................................................................................... 1 Installing the iSCPC Software ........................................................................... 3

1.1 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................1

2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client ..............................................3 2.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software......................................................3 Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site .......................................................4 Installing Software from the a CD .....................................................................................4 2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem.........................................................5 Logging On to iSite............................................................................................................5 Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote................................................6 Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus............................8

3.0

Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite .......................................................... 11

3.1 Adding an Unknown Element ......................................................................................11 3.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration...............................................................................11 3.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab...................................13 Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties ........................................13 iSCPC Modulation Modes ...............................................................................................14 3.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote ..........................................................15

4.0

Configuring the Remote IP Addresses ........................................................... 17

4.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines ..................................................................17 4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information .....................................................................17 4.3 Examples .......................................................................................................................18 Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................18 Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled ................................................................19

5.0

Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters......................................... 22

5.1 Adding Service Levels..................................................................................................23 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels...................................................................................23 5.3 Adding Filter Rules .......................................................................................................25 5.4 Enabling SAR ................................................................................................................26

6.0

Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations ........................................... 28
Saving a Remote Options File to Disk ............................................................................28 Applying the iSCPC Configurations ................................................................................28

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...5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link .. 33 8.............. 51 Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled ..............0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers......3 Viewing Remote Events..34 8......................43 Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................53 C............................49 A....... 39 Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ........45 9..............................2 Generating an Encryption Key.............................0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes .................1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery........................................................................39 9.............42 Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab............................................................ 31 7........................................................................................................0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections .................50 Appendix B Appendix C Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address .............................54 Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements ..................................1 Determining the Transmit Power...................37 9... 53 C.............3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format ..............34 8........48 Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address ...........................41 Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab ..2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite ..............................................................................................49 A....34 8.... 49 A........................................................................................................31 7................................................1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem......1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility.........32 8................................4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection.........1 Viewing Settings and Statistics ....................................................................33 8...........2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC ............................................44 9.....................3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus..................................... 57 iv .........................2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote............................2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph ................................................................................................................7...

......................................................................... 13 Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab ............................................................................................. 11 Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab................................................ 9 Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 35 Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite ......... 35 Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption........................................................................................................................................................... 28 Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu.............................................Figures Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu....................... 29 Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration .......................................................... 17 Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled ................................................................................................................................................................................... 24 Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule ...................................................... 7 Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box......................................................... 23 Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule ................................ 20 Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway ..................... 24 Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level.................... 5 Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box....... 18 Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 21 Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic................... 6 Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download ................ 29 Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu................................ 8 Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu........................ 19 Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 36 v ............................................... 10 Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree................................................................................. 25 Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote ..................................................................................................... 20 Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box.................................................................................................................................................................... 9 Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download ............................. 32 Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site .............................. 26 Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu ................................................................................ 33 Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key ............................................. 6 Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 22 Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level ........................... 30 Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite ........................ 34 Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite.......................... 21 Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway........................... 11 Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu. 12 Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box .....................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................... 37 Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command ....................................... 38 Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu.... 53 Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor.... 51 Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet....................................................... 46 Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area........... 47 Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu.............................................. 41 Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab.................................................................................... 52 Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery.......................................... 50 Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box.............................................................. 55 Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2. 55 vi ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 45 Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display .......... 42 Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 44 Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu ............................................Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 48 Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters ............................................................ 51 Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor............... 54 Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor ............... 40 Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ................................................................. 46 Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu............ 43 Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab................................................................... 49 Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote .................................

Appendix D shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. The document contains the following major sections and appendices: Installing the iSCPC Software Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite Configuring the Remote IP Addresses Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Determining Your Remote’s IP Address Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled LNB Frequency Stability Requirements 1.1 Assumptions The procedure assumes that you have: Obtained the completed link budget Installed the proper equipment to meet the link budget requirements Note The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received.0 Procedure Overview This document contains the procedure for using iSite to create point-to-point. 1 . Obtained the frequency assignments from the satellite provider Obtained the operating specifications for the BUC and the LNB Built the antenna and installed the IFL cable Pointed the antenna and verified the polarization (if appropriate) with the satellite provider For details on the final two items in the above list. Please read this entire document before building your iSCPC network. In the procedure. and connect them over a satellite link. configure them with the appropriate parameters. SCPC connections between iDirect remote modems. you will create two new remotes in your network.1. see the iDirect Remote Installation and Commissioning Guide.

0. you can also establish iSCPC connections between remotes and iSCPC line cards located at the hub using iBuilder. This document contains the procedure for creating iSCPC connections using iSite. see the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. For details on configuring an iSCPC connection between a remote and an iSCPC line card.Warning Do not connect the transmit IFL cable to the remote modem until you are instructed to do so in the commissioning section of this document. Note 2 .0. Beginning with iDS Release 7.

they will be organized into the following folders: A folder containing iSCPC documents and tools A folder.net/. depending on whether you have downloaded the software from the iDirect TAC web site directly to the client PC. with three subfolders. 4. 3.iDirect. 2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client You can download the iSCPC modem software and iSite GUI client from the iDirect Technical Assistance (TAC) web site at http://tac. You can download the files directly to the client PC. The following sections provide the procedures for each case.iDirect. or you can download the files to any PC and copy them to an installation CD.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software The steps for installing the software package on your PC differ slightly. select Save to Disk and click OK.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. follow these steps: 1. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. 2. It also contains the procedure for downloading the iSCPC software from your PC to your NetModem or iNFINITI remotes.0 Installing the iSCPC Software This section describes the steps for obtaining and installing the iDirect iSCPC modem software and related application software on a PC running Windows. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. Click the link for the iSCPC release you want to install. To download the iSCPC software from the TAC web site. 2. or you have created a copy on CD. Once you have successfully installed the files on your PC. containing the iSCPC software for each iDirect modem type: • • iNFINITI NetModem II 3 . In the dialog box.2.

Open the CD drive and navigate to the CD folder containing the file iSCPC<version>. Copy the ZIP archive file to the directory into which you want to extract the files. 3. among others.winzip.zip format.info-zip.info-zip. Copy the ZIP archive file to the location on the client PC into which you want to extract the files.1.0. To make it convenient to start iSite. among others. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. and PKZIP (http://www.com/). 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. 2. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. Extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the .com/).pkware. 4.zip and extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . 4 . This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number.0. where <version> is the iDirect release number.• NetModem II Plus A folder containing the iSite client software Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site Once you have downloaded the software from the TAC web site.pkware. Insert the CD into the CD drive of your PC. To make it convenient to start iSite.com/). WinZip (http://www. WinZip (http://www.zip. For example.org/).zip. and PKZIP (http://www. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number. For example. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. (The ZIP file will be named iSCPC-<version>.1. 3. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. all files will be contained in a single ZIP archive file on your PC.) 2.winzip.com/).org/). Follow these steps to complete the installation: 1. Installing Software from the a CD Follow these steps if you want to install the iSCPC package from a CD: 1. where <version> is the iDirect release number. Select the file iSCPC-<version>.zip format. 5.

) 4. Note 5. iSite should automatically discover the modem and display it in the iSite Tree View. Right-click the remote in the iSite Tree View (Figure 1) and select Login to display the Login dialog box (Figure 2). Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. Log on to the remote using iSite as follows: a. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. (If you are connecting to a 5000 Series or 7000 Series iNFINITI remote. Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu 5 . Auto-discovery does not work reliably in all versions of the Windows operating system.2. Logging On to iSite Follow these steps to log on to your remote modem using iSite. 3. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. (Or navigate to the directory in which you stored the iSite application and double-click iSite. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. connect a straight-through LAN cable to any of the eight LAN B ports.) Assuming that you have IP connectivity between the NetModem and your PC. 1.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem The procedures in this section explain how to log on to iSite and download the iSCPC software images to your remote modems. see Appendix C on page 53 for alternate methods of logging on to the remote. The steps for downloading the software vary slightly. If iSite does not discover your remote modem. depending on whether you have NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. Start iSite by opening the shortcut that you created earlier. 2.

If you have NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. (See Figure 5). select Admin. If you have a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus modem. Then enter the Admin Password and click OK. 1. please skip to the section “Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus” on page 8.) Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box c.b. (“iDirect” is the default Admin password. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. If you have an iNFINITI remote. Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to download the executable images to an iDirect iNFINITI remote. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Package from the menu to display the Download Package dialog box. Click OK to log on. follow the steps in the next section. Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu 6 . follow the procedure in the next section to download the software from your PC to the remote modem.

7 . Click the Open button in the Download Package dialog box to display the Open dialog box (Figure 4). In the Configurations area. Click the Start button to begin the download. double-click the . By default. In the Reset area. Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download 3. In the Open dialog box. navigate to the folder that contains the iNFINITI software package. b. select Don’t reset. where <version #> is the iDirect release number. select Don’t check versions. Select the following options in the Download Package dialog box: a.2. c. The file names for all files to be downloaded are displayed in the Contents area of the dialog box. 5. the iNFINITI software package is installed on your PC in the following folder: NetModem-<version #>/Images/Remote_iNFINITI. 4. select Download images only. In the Image Version Check area.pkg file to select the package for download and return to the Download Package dialog box. In the Open dialog box.

Close the Download Package dialog box when the word Done is displayed. If you have iNFINITI remotes. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. (See Figure 8.Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box 6. follow the steps in the previous section. Monitor the progress of the download in the Information area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. 7.) 8 . indicating that the package download is complete. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus Follow these steps to download the executable images to an iDirect NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. 1. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Images from the menu to display the Download Command Center dialog box.

ldr file. 9 . 5. double-click the . In the Open dialog box. Click the Select button in the Download Command Center dialog box (Figure 8) to display the Open dialog box. these images are installed on your PC in the following folders: NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_NM2 NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_2Plus Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download 3.ldr file to select the images for download and return to the Download Command Center dialog box. Click the Download button to begin the download. In the Open dialog box. By default.Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu 2. When you select the . Select DEFRAGMENT in the Download Command Center dialog box. navigate to the folder that contains the NetModem software images for your NetModem or NetModem II Plus. 4. the correct set of images will automatically be selected for download.

Monitor the progress of the download in the Status area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. indicating that the image download is complete. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. 7. Close the Download Command Center dialog box when the word Completed is displayed. 10 .Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box 6.

2. (Do not log on at this point.0] is added to the iSite tree.1 Adding an Unknown Element Add a new element in iSite as follows: 1. Select Create Configuration iSCPC to display the iSCPC Configuration dialog box Information tab.) Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu 11 .) Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree 3.0 Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite This section explains how to use iSite to configure an iSCPC connection between two remotes. You will need to configure these parameters on each of the two remotes in the circuit. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. (See Figure 9. 3.0.3. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. In the Tree View.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration Follow these steps to create the iSCPC element in the Tree View: 1.) 2.0. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree. (See Figure 11. Launch iSite.

Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab 12 .

13 . If you want to change the User Password or the Admin Password for the remote: a. Enter the Serial Number of your remote modem. entered in MHz Transmit Power: Enter a transmit power of –25 dBm. enter and confirm the new password. 1. 2. Select the Model Type of your remote modem. This setting will be adjusted during the commissioning procedure. follow these steps to configure the parameters on the remote Information tab. 3. b. Click OK to save the password and return to the main dialog box.3. Transmit Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Transmit L-Band Frequency = RF Uplink Center Frequency – BUC Translation Frequency BUC Translation Frequency: Determined by the operational parameters of the BUC.) 5. using the guidelines in the next section. Click on the ellipsis button (…) beside the password text box for the password you want to change. entered in kbps. Enter the Transmit and Receive properties. Select any options (such as Link Encryption or Compression types) that you want to apply to your iSCPC connection.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab Once you have created the iSCPC element in the Tree View. c. In the Change Password dialog box (Figure 12). see “Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections” on page 33. Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties Use these guidelines when entering the iSCPC transmit and receive properties. Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box 4. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. (For details on configuring your iSCPC connection for Link Encryption.

ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the LNB. iSCPC Modulation Modes Table 1 shows the iSCPC FEC rates and modulation modes supported for each iDirect modem type in iDirect release 7.) Scrambling: Select the default. FEC Blocks per frame: Select a frame length that is as close as possible to 125 ms. This is the only available selection.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. LNB Stability (+/-): Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. FEC Blocks per Frame: Enter the same value as configured for the transmit properties of the peer remote. 14 . entered in MHz. entered in MHz. (See Table 1 for options. Earlier releases support a subset of these services. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the LNB and downconverter. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the BUC. When configuring your iSCPC connections. IDR. This is the only available selection. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the LNB. (See Table 1 for options. iSite limits your selections of Modulation and Error Correction parameters to those supported on your modem for your release. IDR. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the BUC. Receive Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Receive L-Band Frequency = RF Downlink Center Frequency – LNB Translation Frequency LNB Translation Freq: Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the BUC. Modulation: Select a modulation type.0.Modulation: Select a modulation type. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options.) Scrambling: Select the default. entered in kbps.

3.495 . 15 . 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series. 7000 Series 5000 Series. which requires bit-stuffing to prevent false end-of-frame detection. The actual payload is variable. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.431 .3 to create and configure the second remote in the iSCPC connection. The diagram on the next page will help you to determine the correct parameters.793 .879 Hardware Support 5000 Series.1 through 3.533 . and always slightly less than the numbers indicated in the table. 7300 Series BPSK Yes Yes X Yes X Yes QPSK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8PSK X X X Yes X Yes Block Size 1K 4K 4K 16K Payload § Bytes 53 66 251 404 1800 § SCPC channel framing uses a modified HDLC header.Table 1: iSCPC Modulation Modes Modulation Mode 7.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote Repeat the steps in sections 3.0 iSCPC Links iSCPC FEC .

Band Remote A BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote A LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ 16 .Remote A RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L -Band Satell ite Remote B RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Downlink Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L-Band Satellite ____________ NetModem A NetModem B Remote A RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Down Link Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L -Band Remote B RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L .

17 . do one of the following: a. Click the IP Configuration tab. Enter the ETH0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask for the default VLAN. 4. (See Figure 13.4. 3. Enable RIP routing by selecting Enable RIPv2.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information 1. or static routes must be in place to direct traffic.) Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab 2.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines Follow these guidelines when configuring the IP addressing information for each remote: Eth0 of remote A cannot be within the same network as the Eth0 of remote B. (See the examples beginning on 18. RIP on Eth0 must be enabled in both remotes or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. Sat0 must not be within either of the networks used on either Eth0. Enter the SAT0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask. (See the examples in the next section for the steps required for these operations.) Therefore.0 Configuring the Remote IP Addresses This section provides guidelines and procedures for configuring the IP addresses on the remotes in your iSCPC connection.) 4. Sat0 of remote A must be within the same network as the Sat0 of remote B. Note The IP addressing should be planned such that the SAT0 interfaces on both of the iSCPC remotes are in the same subnet. You must enable RIP on ETH0 for both remotes. 4.

2.0. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. 4.1 / 24 192. Table 2: IP Addressing Schemes for Examples A and B Remote Remote A Remote B Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled Eth0 Addresses 192. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. 5. Remote B should be configured in a similar manner. Add Static Route on each remote with the gateway pointing to the SAT0 interface on the peer remote. Select the IP Configuration tab.1.0. 3.1 / 24 Sat0 Addresses 10. Figure 14 shows the configuration for Remote A. 4.3 Examples These examples in this section illustrate how to configure your remotes with RIPv2 enabled (Example 1) and how to configure your remotes using static routes with RIPv2 disabled (Example 2).1 / 24 10. Repeat these steps for the peer remote.168.0. In the ETH0 Interface section.Or b.2 / 24 To configure the iSCPC connection using RIPv2: 1. In the examples. Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled 18 .2.0. Select the Enable RIPv2 check box for both the Eth0 Interface and the Sat0 Interface.168. In the SAT0 Interface section. the remotes are configured with the IP Addresses shown in Table 2. using the second set of addresses in Table 2.

enter the range of addresses that you want to forward to the peer remote over the satellite. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. 8. In the IP Address text box. 10. 3. Figure 15 illustrates adding the static route to Remote A.Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled To configure the iSCPC connection with RIPv2 disabled using static routes: 1. Enter the Subnet Mask. 7. 2. 9. 5. 6. Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box 19 . You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. Open the Add Static Route or Edit Static Route dialog box for the remote by clicking the Add or Edit button in the Static Routes section of the dialog box. Click OK. 4. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. select Sat0. In Interface. In the ETH0 Interface section. In the SAT0 Interface section. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. Since there is only one static route. enter the peer remote’s Sat0 interface. In Gateway. Figure 16 shows the IP Configuration tab on Remote A after adding the IP addressing information and the static route. Select the IP Configuration tab.

0. if a packet is destined for the IP Address. follow these additional steps: 1. (Figure 18) 20 .168. the remote will forward it to the Gateway through the configured Interface.Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route Looking at the static route configured in Figure 16. A common configuration includes a gateway router at one site to handle traffic on a customer network.2. in the example.2) using its own Sat0 interface. if Remote A receives a packet on its Eth0 interface destined for the 192. Figure 17 shows the addition of gateway 192. it will forward the packet to Remote B’s Sat0 Gateway (10. then default routing is not sufficient to forward traffic received on the sat0 interface to the router on the LAN. select the default route and click the Edit button to display the Edit Static Route dialog box.2 to the configuration in Figure 16. Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway To add a static route that will forward the satellite traffic to the gateway over the LAN interface.0/24 network. In the Static Routes area.1. If a site is configured with a gateway.0. Thus.168. Remote B’s Sat0 is programmed by default to send those packets to remote B’s Eth0.

In Gateway. Click OK. 21 .2 on the eth0 interface. With the addition of the new static route. Note that selecting Eth0 in the Edit Static Route dialog box results in ixp1 in the Interface column for the static route. 3. enter the IP address of the gateway.168. Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway Figure 19 shows the addition of the static route for the LAN gateway. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route.1.Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box 2. select Eth0. 5. In Interface. any packet that the remote receives on its sat0 interface will be routed to the gateway with IP address 192. 4. Since there is only one static route.

Attributes of a connection that affect QoS include throughput. For example. jitter and packet loss. you will see three additional sub-tabs at the bottom of the screen labeled Traffic. Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic 22 . etc. source and destination IP addresses. voice packets require minimal latency and jitter.0 Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the classification and prioritization of IP traffic in order to optimize the delivery of packets based on various criteria such as traffic type. For a detailed discussion of iDirect QoS principals see the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. Selecting a sub-tab allows you to define the parameters for each category. latency. Configuring QoS parameters to allow voice packets to be sent at a higher priority than data packets can improve the QoS of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic.0.5. When you click the QoS tab for your iSCPC connection. Using the QoS tab. among others. you can configure service levels and filters that control the QoS of the traffic on your iSCPC link. Filter and Data Rate (Figure 20).

2. 3. Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level 4.1 Adding Service Levels To define a Service Level on the QoS tab.) 5. Enter the remaining QoS parameters for your Service Level as required. 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels Once you’ve defined a Service Level.0.5. Select the Traffic sub-tab of the QoS tab. that Service Level is displayed in the Rules area of the dialog box. see the section “Adding a Service Level” in the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. Enter a Level Name for the service level. follow these steps: 1. Select the Service Level in the Rules area of the QoS Traffic sub-tab and click the Add button to display the Add Rule dialog box (Figure 23). Click the Add button in the Service Levels area of the screen to display the Add Service Level dialog box (Figure 21). (For descriptions of the various Service Level parameters. 23 . You can add rules to the Service Level as follows: 1. Click the Edit button at the bottom of the dialog box to enable editing.

Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level 2. 24 . define the rule for this Service Level by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. In the Add Rule dialog box.

5. click OK to save your changes. When you are finished defining the rule. 4. In the QoS Filter sub-tab. To add these rules: 1. At the bottom of the QoS tab.3. click the Add button to display the Add Filter dialog box (Figure 24). 2. click OK to save your changes.3 Adding Filter Rules In addition to the rules associated with your Service Levels. Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule 3. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. In the Add Filter dialog box. select the Filter sub-tab. When you are finished defining the rule. 25 . define the rule by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. you can also add Filter rules that are applied independently of the Service Levels.

3. You can enable SAR and define a SAR segment size on the Data Rate sub-tab of the QoS tab. see the chapter titled “QoS Implementation Principals” in the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7.4 Enabling SAR By default. 26 . Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote Note The remaining fields on this tab are not applicable to iSCPC connections. 2. In the SAR area of the screen. Segment Assembly and Reassembly (SAR) is not enabled on your iSCPC remotes. For more on SAR. Enter a Segment Size. Follow these steps to enable SAR and set the segment length: 1.0. select the check box to the left of Segment Size to enable SAR. Click the Data Rate sub-tab at the bottom of the QoS tab.5.

Note You do not need to configure the parameters on the Geo Location tab. are not required for iSCPC operation. Geo Location dialog parameters. 27 . used by the Look Angle Calculator.

0 on page 3 before you execute the steps in this section. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. 2. Enter a file name and click the Save button. Before you can apply the iSCPC configuration to a remote. Log on to the remote using iSite. 4. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. see “Logging On to iSite” on page 5. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. (For details.) 5. Follow the steps in this section to apply the iSCPC configurations to your remote modems. To apply the iSCPC configuration using iSite. 3. Your computer must be connected directly to the remote via a LAN crossover cable. you must first establish IP connectivity to that remote from your PC or laptop computer. If not. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49.0 Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations This section explains how to save your remote options files to disk and how to download the options files to your iSCPC remotes. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. In the Save As dialog box. The procedure assumes that you have already downloaded the iSCPC software to the remote modems. please follow the procedure in section 2. To load the configuration from a saved Options file. Your subnet mask must match the remote’s subnet mask. Applying the iSCPC Configurations Follow this procedure to load the remote modems with the iSCPC parameters that you entered previously. the following conditions must exist: Your computer’s IP address must be in the range of addresses specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask.6. Saving a Remote Options File to Disk When you have finished entering the remote configuration parameters. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. right-click on the remote in the Tree View and select Load Configuration From File. you can save the remote options file to your hard disk as follows: 1. 1. or indirectly via an external switch or router. 28 . Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu 2.

Then double-click the options file you want to apply to this remote. In the Open dialog box.Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 6. Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 29 . navigate to the folder in which you stored the remote options file.

you are ready to commission the SCPC carriers with your Satellite Provider.7. Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration After you have applied both configurations and reset the remotes. In the Tree View. 30 . Then click Reset Now. right-click the remote and select Apply Configuration to Remote. This is described in the following section.

use the tx freq command to change to the new frequency.X> where XX. Log on to the remote through the console port 5. 31 . Ensure that your remote is powered off before connecting the transmit cable to the remote. 2. Apply power to the remote modems when instructed by the satellite provider to bring up the carrier. tx cw enable b.7. Disconnect the power to the remote modems. Enter the following command to adjust the transmit power of the remote: Tx Power +/.0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Review the remotes’ configurations to ensure that the L-Band frequencies and the ODU parameters are correct for the BUC and the LNB Follow the appropriate satellite provider access procedures and contact your Satellite Provider to commission the carrier. The remote must be powered off whenever the transmit or receive cables are connected or removed. Connect the transmit IFL cable to the modems.1 Determining the Transmit Power Work with your satellite provider to commission the carriers as follows: 1. tx cw on 7. Note Begin with a low transmit power. you can turn it off by typing: tx cw off To force the remote to transmit a modulated carrier instead of a CW carrier. reset the remote. increasing the power gradually until the desired level is reached. As preparation for carrier commissioning: 7.X represents the increase or decrease in power. enter the following commands: a. 6. Warning 3. 8. If you are required to transmit at a frequency other than the operational frequency.<XX. The range of transmit power for iDirect remotes is from -35 dBm to +7 dBm. If a CW carrier is required. If using a CW carrier. The command has the following syntax: tx freq <fx> where <fx> is the L-band frequency in MHz. 4.

32 .) Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite 2. For each remote: 1. you must update the transmit power in the iSite remote configuration.7. update the Transmit Power in the Transmit Properties section of the Information tab to match the power determined during the commissioning procedure. Follow the procedure in section 5. (See Figure 30.2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite After the proper carrier level has been established through the console port on both remotes. In iSite.0 on page 22 to apply the new configurations and reset the modems. Receive lock should now be achieved by both remotes and your iSCPC connection should be operational.

0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections iDirect supports the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for iSCPC connections between iNFINITI remotes and Triple DES encryption for iSCPC connections between NetModems. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. 8. Using a utility such as WinSCP.bz2. Changing keys requires you to edit and reload the options files. bunzip2 keygen. 5.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted.bz2 7.bz2 from your PC or laptop to the directory on the Linux-based machine in which you plan to run keygen. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software.iDirect.1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility You must have a valid encryption key in the iDirect format before you can enable encryption for your iSCPC link. 5350 and 7350 models. To enable encryption. Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site 4. Only static keys are currently supported. 3. Enter the following command to make keygen an executable file: chmod a+x keygen You can now use keygen to generate new encryption keys in the iDirect format or to convert existing binary keys to the iDirect format 33 . link encryption is only available on the 5150. Enter the following command to unzip keygen.8. 2. You can download keygen from the TAC web site by following these steps: 1. 6.bz2. This will replace keygen. Note For iNFINITI remotes. you must add the encryption key to the options file of each remote in the connection and download the options files to the remotes. Click the KEYGEN link and select Save to Disk in the dialog box to download keygen. copy keygen. Log on to the Linux-based machine and change to the directory containing the zip file keygen. The iDirect keygen utility is a Linux-based executable file that you can load on any Linux-based computer to generate new keys or to convert existing keys to iDirect format.bz2 with the keygen file.bz2 to your PC or laptop.

Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key Note To view the keygen command usage. If you already have a valid binary key. 8.4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection Follow these steps for each remote in the iSCPC connection to enable encryption on the SCPC link: 34 . Figure 32 shows the command to generate an AES encryption key to a file named key.2 Generating an Encryption Key Follow these steps to generate a new encryption key in the iDirect format. 2. To perform the conversion. Copy the file containing the binary key to the Linux-based machine. Log on to the Linux-based machine on which keygen is installed. enter keygen with no qualifiers. 8. Follow these steps to convert an existing binary key to the iDirect format: 1. 3. 1.3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format Keygen generates new keys in the format required by the iDirect system.8. you must execute keygen to convert it to the iDirect format. keygen requires the binary key to be contained in an input file. Enter the following command to generate an encryption key in iDirect format: keygen -<key type> -gen where <key type> is 3des or aes. Enter the following command to perform the conversion: keygen -<key type> -file <filename> where <key type> is 3des or aes and <filename> is the name of the file containing the binary key. 2.txt and the resulting key. see section 8.3 for instructions on how to convert it to the iDirect format. if you obtain a binary key from another source. Log on to the Linux-based computer on which keygen is installed. However.

Scroll down in the options file until you see the [ENC] section. 3. 7. Log on to your iSCPC remote using iSite. Delete the lines: enc_algorithm = dynamic enc_algorithm_mode = dynamic b. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite 4. Select the Link Encryption check box (Figure 33).) 6. Figure 34 contains an example of this section of an options file after Link Encryption has been selected in iSite. Edit the remote options file as follows: a. In the Save As dialog box. the iSCPC Configuration Information tab will be displayed automatically.) Once you log on. Enter a file name and click the Save button. 2. 35 . (See instructions on page 5 for logging on to iSite.1. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. Add the lines: enc_key = <Key> where <Key> is the key you generated using keygen. (Do not apply the changes at this time. Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite 8. Open the remote options file with Notepad or another text editor. 5. Scroll to the bottom of the screen and click the Edit button.

enc_algorithm_mode = <Mode> where <Mode> = CFB for iNFINITI remotes or CBC for NetModems. enc_algorithm should be set to 3DES and enc_algorithm_mode should be set to CBC.) Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption 9. (For a NetModem. follow the procedure in section 6. Save the modified options file. Link encryption will take efffect on the iSCPC link after you have downloaded the modified options files to both remotes in your iSCPC connection. the edited options file should be similar to the example in Figure 35.0 on page 28 to download the modified options file to the remote. 36 . enc_static = 1 For an iNFINITI remote.enc_algorithm = <Type> where <Type> = AES for iNFINITI remotes or 3DES for NetModems. 10. Using iSite.

“iDirect” is the default Password. Perform these steps on both iSCPC remotes. Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu 2.8. In iSite. 1. Enter the following command to verify that encryption is enabled on the remote: enc stats The following is sample output from an iNFINITI remote with AES encryption enabled: CurrentEncryptor = "AES_SW" CurrentEncryptorMode = "CFB" Encrypted = 12 Decrypted = 11 FailedToEncrypt = 0 FailedToDecrypt = 0 37 .5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link Once you have enabled encryption on your iSCPC remotes. log on to the remote modem as Username: Admin. right click on the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Telnet from the menu. 3. In the Telnet window. you can verify that the link is successfully carrying encrypted data by following the steps in this section.

Check the communication path by typing: ping <IP Address> where <IP Address> is the IP address of the peer remote. Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command 38 . Figure 37 shows sample output of a successful ping command.PushThruRefused = 0 PushThruFailed = 0 Filtered = 0 4.

0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Using iSite. enter the commands scpc and scc stats. Note 9. enter the following commands: eth. On NetModems. statistics and events associated with your remote modems.1) IP transmit and receive statistics Events generated by the remote This section explains how to use iSite to monitor these values. You do not need to be logged on to iSite to view the various settings and statistics.1) Satellite communications (Satcom) transmit and receive statistics (Beginning with release 7. you can view the following data on an iSCPC remote: Configuration and status details of the remote equipment Modem parameters associated with the remote’s modulator and demodulator Ethernet statistics (Beginning with release 7. you must log on to reset statistics or to view events. On iNFINITI remotes. However. you can view these statistics from the command line as follows: Telnet to your remote.1 Viewing Settings and Statistics The iSite Settings and Statistics screen has four tabs: Equipment Details Modem Parameters Ethernet Statistics Satcom Statistics Follow the procedure in this section to view the Settings and Statistics screen: 1.9. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Settings and Statistics View from the menu. Specifically. In earlier releases. and dma stats. hdlc stats.1. The Ethernet statistics and Satcom statistics will not be available in iSite until iDS release 7. (Figure 38) 39 . you can monitor the settings.

Click the tab you wish to view. However. An overview of each tab is discussed below. as well as the other monitor screens. from the Monitor menu in the iSite menu bar. The selection of available menus changes. Note 40 .Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu 2. depending on the selected screen type (configure or monitor). You can also open the Settings and Statistics screen. it is important to note that the menu bar is context-sensitive.

receive Automatic Gain Control (AGC). etc. Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab Note If the Downstream SNR field displays -1. 41 . This tab displays status and configuration details about the remote modem. the receiver is not locked to a carrier. The status information is updated in real time.Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab The Equipment Details tab is shown in Figure 39. including operating temperature. transmit and receive lock.

Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab The Modem Parameters tab is shown in Figure 40. This tab displays configuration details about the remote modem’s Modulator and Demodulator, as well as the Connection Data Source and Interface Type.

Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab

Note

The Data Source field in the Connection area of the screen indicates the source of the data transmitted by this remote.

42

Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab The Ethernet Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the LAN interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and interrupt statistics. The information shown on the Ethernet Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the IP Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Ethernet Statistics tab is shown in Figure 41.

Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab

43

Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab The Satcom Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the satellite interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and other (miscellaneous) statistics. The information shown on the Satcom Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the Satcom Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Satcom Statistics tab is shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab

44

The graph shows real-time data.2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph iSite’s IP statistics graph displays IP traffic in both the transmit direction and the receive direction. Right-click your iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select IP Stats menu. such as the type of IP packets displayed and the time interval of the data.9. (Figure 43) View from the Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu 45 . By selecting display parameters. beginning at the time that the screen is launched. you can customize various aspects of the graph. To display the IP Statistics graph. 1.

right-click anywhere in the graph area of the screen to view the context menu. the IP Statistics graph is displayed with panes for both transmit and receive packets.) Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display 2.By default. and with all parameters enabled. Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu 46 . (See Figure 44. If you want to modify the display parameters.

the receive traffic graph. (See Figure 45. or both. Units: Toggles the y-axis of the graph between kilobits per second (by selecting Bits) and kilobytes per second (by selecting Bytes). Direction: Allows you to view the transmit traffic graph. Activity: Allows you to select which IP traffic types to display. Properties (context menu only): Allows to you modify the default color settings. Interval: Toggles the x-axis of the graph among the following selections: Seconds: Displays three minutes of data. averaged over 10 minutes. 47 . averaged over one minute.) All others can be selected either from the context menu or from the parameters area of the screen. Parameters (context menu only): Displays the parameters section at the top of the screen. Some parameters are configurable only from the context menu. Either select the display settings directly from the context menu. Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area The selectable display options for the IP Statistics graph are listed here. The parameter selections are discussed below. or to show the total IP traffic as a single line on the graph. Minutes: Displays one hour of data.3. Legend (context menu only): Displays a color-coded legend of the graph contents. Menu-only selections are indicated in parentheses below. or select Parameters from the menu to show the parameters area of the screen as shown in Figure 46. Hours: Displays 12 hours of data.

Select Event View from the menu.9. 2. You can view the events generated by an iSCPC remote as follows: 1. loss of receive lock. Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu 48 . etc.3 Viewing Remote Events iSCPC remotes generate events and warnings concerning various aspects of operation such as component failures. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View.

Once you have saved the port setup. In order to determine the IP address. A. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account.Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address This appendix provides the procedure for determining the IP address of an iDirect remote modem. 2. Launch a terminal emulator such as Tera Term or HyperTerminal and configure the serial connection with the settings shown in Figure 48: Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters 3. If you are connected to an iNFINITI remote. you must first establish a console connection to the modem from your PC and log on to the iDirect application on the modem.3 to determine the IP address of the modem.1 for details. follow the instructions in section A. At the prompt.2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your remote modem. (See section A. 4. If you are connected to a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. Connect a serial cable between the COM1 port of your PC or Laptop and the console port on the remote modem. follow the instructions in section A.2 to determine the IP address of the modem. Follow these steps to establish a console connection: 1. The default password is iDirect. The procedure for determining the IP address differs slightly between iNFINITI remotes and NetModems. A. 49 .) 1. enter the command telnet 0 to connect to the iDirect application. log on to the root account. press Enter a few times to generate a login prompt from the modem.1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem In order to determine the IP address of your remote you must first establish a console connection to the remote from your PC. At the Linux prompt.

(See section A. (See Appendix B for details. Log on using the following username and password: Username: admin Password: iDirect 3. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect the remote modem using iSite. 4. Note the IP address and subnet mask.) 1.255.3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.) The steps of this procedure are illustrated in Figure 49.0 2. (See Appendix B for details.255. This is sample output: > laninfo Address: 92. At the command line prompt. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect to the remote modem using iSite. Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote A. enter the command laninfo.) 50 . Enter the command laninfo to view the IP address and subnet mask of your router.1 for details.2. Note the IP address and subnet mask.65 Netmask: 55.168. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account.4.

Launch the Local Area Connection Status dialog box (Figure 50) by double-clicking your LAN connection. From your computer’s Control Panel. double-click Network Connections. Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet 51 . 2. Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box 3. Click the Properties button to display the Local Area Connection properties sheet.Appendix B Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Establish IP connectivity to the remote modem from your laptop by modifying your IP address as follows: 1. This screen’s appearance varies in Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

Once you have reconfigured the IP address on your PC or laptop. you should have IP connectivity to the remote modem. you do not need to specify DNS server addresses. Enter the same Subnet mask that you retrieved from the remote modem using the laninfo command. Note For a local connection. Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box 5. b. This enables you to connect using “telnet” or iSite. 52 . In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box: a. On the Local Area Connection properties sheet. c. Enter an IP address that is inside the range specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask.4. Select Use the following IP address. select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). Then click the Properties button to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box. d. Click OK to save your changes.

Appendix C Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled On startup.) Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery 6. (“iDirect” is the default admin password. In the iSite Tree View. Click OK to log on. determine it by following the procedure in Appendix A. the auto-discover feature does not always work reliably with PCs or laptops running Windows XP. 53 . enter the IP Address of the remote and select Admin. you can connect to your remote by creating an unknown element in the iSite Tree View and logging on to that element using the remote’s IP address. 4. However. iSite should automatically discover any iDirect modems to which it has IP connectivity. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. This appendix discusses methods for accessing your remotes using iSite if the auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC or laptop. Enter the Admin Password and click OK.0. If you do not know the IP address of your remote.0] is added to the iSite tree. Follow these steps: 1.1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery If the iSite auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC. 3. 2. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. The appendix has the following sections: Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC C. 5. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0.0. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree and select Login from the menu.

The procedure in this section details the steps required to reconfigure a PC using IGMPv3 to use IGMPv2. This can be accomplished using the File -> Export command in the Registry Editor.C. Warning Warning A copy of your current registry should be saved prior to making any changes. navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Tcpip/ 54 . This procedure requires you to modify your Windows Registry. Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor 3. Therefore. PCs running Windows XP are generally configured to use IGMPv3. To start the Registry Editor. Follow these steps to modify your Windows Registry to use IGMPv2: 1. enter the command regedit in the Open text box and click OK.2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC In order for the auto-discovery feature to work correctly. In the Registry Editor (Figure 55). While PCs running Windows 2000 are generally configured to use IGMPv2. iDirect recommends that this change be tested in a controlled environment on an identical PC to verify that machines to be used in the field will not be affected. 2. iSite requires IGMPv2 messages. Click the Start button in your Windows Taskbar and select Run from the start menu. any Registry modifications can potentially affect the ability of other applications on your PC to execute correctly. in case you need to revert to the original settings. the iSite auto-discovery feature may not work reliably. if your PC is running Windows XP. Although iDirect is not currently aware of any issues associated with this change.

The value 3 represents IGMP version 2. In the Name column of the right-hand pane of the Registry Editor. Under Tcpip. select Parameters. Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor 5. right-click IGMPVersion and select Modify from the menu to display the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2 55 . enter the value 3.4. Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor 6. In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box.

7. Click OK to save the change. 56 . Note You may need to restart your PC or laptop for the registry change to take effect.

Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. The table below shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. Remote Data Rate 57 . Table 3: LNB Frequency Stability Requirements vs.

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