iSCPC User Guide

IDS Release 7.0 September 15, 2006

13865 Sunrise Valley Drive | Herndon, VA 20171 | +1 703.648.8000 | www.iDirect.net

Copyright © 2006 iDirect, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The specifications and information regarding the products in this manual are subject to change without notice. All statements, information, and recommendations in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express, or implied. Users must take full responsibility for their application of any products. Trademarks, brand names and products mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective owners. All such references are used strictly in an editorial fashion with no intent to convey any affiliation with the name or the product’s rightful owner.

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Contents
1.0 2.0 Procedure Overview........................................................................................... 1 Installing the iSCPC Software ........................................................................... 3

1.1 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................1

2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client ..............................................3 2.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software......................................................3 Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site .......................................................4 Installing Software from the a CD .....................................................................................4 2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem.........................................................5 Logging On to iSite............................................................................................................5 Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote................................................6 Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus............................8

3.0

Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite .......................................................... 11

3.1 Adding an Unknown Element ......................................................................................11 3.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration...............................................................................11 3.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab...................................13 Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties ........................................13 iSCPC Modulation Modes ...............................................................................................14 3.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote ..........................................................15

4.0

Configuring the Remote IP Addresses ........................................................... 17

4.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines ..................................................................17 4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information .....................................................................17 4.3 Examples .......................................................................................................................18 Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................18 Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled ................................................................19

5.0

Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters......................................... 22

5.1 Adding Service Levels..................................................................................................23 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels...................................................................................23 5.3 Adding Filter Rules .......................................................................................................25 5.4 Enabling SAR ................................................................................................................26

6.0

Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations ........................................... 28
Saving a Remote Options File to Disk ............................................................................28 Applying the iSCPC Configurations ................................................................................28

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.42 Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab.......................................1 Viewing Settings and Statistics ...........................................3 Viewing Remote Events.............43 Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab ................. 57 iv .............................49 A......31 7..50 Appendix B Appendix C Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address .........................................................................................................................7......................2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph .......................................33 8.....45 9............53 C.......................................................................34 8..........................................................................................................................2 Generating an Encryption Key..................... 51 Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled ..............................................................34 8...................................1 Determining the Transmit Power....................................................................................39 9................................37 9..............41 Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab ..................0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers..............2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite ......................2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote...................49 A.................1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery........................1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem...............................................................5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link .......44 9.......................................................................................................................................54 Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements ...............................................................34 8.......... 53 C..................... 33 8....................4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection......................... 39 Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ..................0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections ..................2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC .....................48 Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address .32 8..........0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes ................... 31 7.................................................................3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format ....................1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility............ 49 A.......3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus..................................................................

.......................................... 9 Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 13 Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab ...................................................................................................................... 20 Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box............................................................................................. 6 Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download ................................................................................................ 18 Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu................................... 36 v ... 22 Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level .................................................. 23 Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule ............... 11 Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab..... 28 Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 12 Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box .......................... 32 Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site ............ 26 Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu .......................................................................................................................... 17 Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled ....................................................................................................... 21 Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway............................................................................................ 29 Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration ................................................... 34 Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite........................................ 11 Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu. 19 Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route .......................... 24 Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level................ 10 Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6 Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu ............................ 21 Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic............................................................................................................ 33 Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key ........................................... 25 Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote .......... 20 Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway .......... 7 Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box............................................................. 35 Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 24 Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule .............................................................................. 29 Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu...................................... 30 Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite .......... 5 Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box.....................................................................Figures Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu................................................................................ 35 Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption.... 9 Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download ........................................

.................... 51 Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet................................................................... 47 Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu........... 42 Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab ....................................................................................................................................................... 54 Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor . 41 Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab............................................................................................................................................................ 40 Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ................. 50 Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box.......... 43 Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab............................................................................................................................. 55 vi .................................... 51 Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box.............. 55 Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor................ 37 Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command ............................................................................................... 44 Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu ....................................................... 55 Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2...........................................................................Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu ........... 53 Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor................ 49 Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote .................... 46 Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu.... 52 Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery........................................................................ 48 Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters ............................................................................................ 45 Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display ....................................................... 38 Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu............................................................................................................................................... 46 Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

see the iDirect Remote Installation and Commissioning Guide. 1 .1. In the procedure. you will create two new remotes in your network. Appendix D shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. The document contains the following major sections and appendices: Installing the iSCPC Software Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite Configuring the Remote IP Addresses Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Determining Your Remote’s IP Address Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled LNB Frequency Stability Requirements 1.0 Procedure Overview This document contains the procedure for using iSite to create point-to-point.1 Assumptions The procedure assumes that you have: Obtained the completed link budget Installed the proper equipment to meet the link budget requirements Note The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. configure them with the appropriate parameters. SCPC connections between iDirect remote modems. and connect them over a satellite link. Obtained the frequency assignments from the satellite provider Obtained the operating specifications for the BUC and the LNB Built the antenna and installed the IFL cable Pointed the antenna and verified the polarization (if appropriate) with the satellite provider For details on the final two items in the above list. Please read this entire document before building your iSCPC network.

For details on configuring an iSCPC connection between a remote and an iSCPC line card. This document contains the procedure for creating iSCPC connections using iSite. Note 2 . Beginning with iDS Release 7. see the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. you can also establish iSCPC connections between remotes and iSCPC line cards located at the hub using iBuilder.0.Warning Do not connect the transmit IFL cable to the remote modem until you are instructed to do so in the commissioning section of this document.0.

2. Once you have successfully installed the files on your PC. or you have created a copy on CD. 3. You can download the files directly to the client PC. with three subfolders. Click the link for the iSCPC release you want to install.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software The steps for installing the software package on your PC differ slightly. select Save to Disk and click OK. To download the iSCPC software from the TAC web site.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted.iDirect. containing the iSCPC software for each iDirect modem type: • • iNFINITI NetModem II 3 . The following sections provide the procedures for each case. In the dialog box.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client You can download the iSCPC modem software and iSite GUI client from the iDirect Technical Assistance (TAC) web site at http://tac.iDirect. depending on whether you have downloaded the software from the iDirect TAC web site directly to the client PC. follow these steps: 1. 2. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac.0 Installing the iSCPC Software This section describes the steps for obtaining and installing the iDirect iSCPC modem software and related application software on a PC running Windows.net/. 2. they will be organized into the following folders: A folder containing iSCPC documents and tools A folder. or you can download the files to any PC and copy them to an installation CD. 4.2. It also contains the procedure for downloading the iSCPC software from your PC to your NetModem or iNFINITI remotes.

To make it convenient to start iSite.com/).zip. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. 2. For example. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar.info-zip. WinZip (http://www.) 2. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number. Installing Software from the a CD Follow these steps if you want to install the iSCPC package from a CD: 1. 3.0. among others.1. where <version> is the iDirect release number. (The ZIP file will be named iSCPC-<version>.zip format. 4. 5. WinZip (http://www.zip and extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7.com/). 4 . and PKZIP (http://www.com/).org/).zip.com/).1.pkware.zip format. Copy the ZIP archive file to the directory into which you want to extract the files. Open the CD drive and navigate to the CD folder containing the file iSCPC<version>. Insert the CD into the CD drive of your PC. where <version> is the iDirect release number.• NetModem II Plus A folder containing the iSite client software Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site Once you have downloaded the software from the TAC web site. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. 3. For example. To make it convenient to start iSite. and PKZIP (http://www. all files will be contained in a single ZIP archive file on your PC. among others. Follow these steps to complete the installation: 1.org/).0. Select the file iSCPC-<version>.info-zip.pkware. Extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number.winzip.winzip. Copy the ZIP archive file to the location on the client PC into which you want to extract the files.

connect a straight-through LAN cable to any of the eight LAN B ports. see Appendix C on page 53 for alternate methods of logging on to the remote. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. (If you are connecting to a 5000 Series or 7000 Series iNFINITI remote.) Assuming that you have IP connectivity between the NetModem and your PC.) 4. 1. iSite should automatically discover the modem and display it in the iSite Tree View. Start iSite by opening the shortcut that you created earlier. If iSite does not discover your remote modem. Auto-discovery does not work reliably in all versions of the Windows operating system. depending on whether you have NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. 3. The steps for downloading the software vary slightly. Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu 5 . Log on to the remote using iSite as follows: a. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. (Or navigate to the directory in which you stored the iSite application and double-click iSite.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem The procedures in this section explain how to log on to iSite and download the iSCPC software images to your remote modems. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49.2. Right-click the remote in the iSite Tree View (Figure 1) and select Login to display the Login dialog box (Figure 2). Note 5. 2. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. Logging On to iSite Follow these steps to log on to your remote modem using iSite.

please skip to the section “Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus” on page 8. If you have NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.b. 1. Click OK to log on. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Package from the menu to display the Download Package dialog box. Then enter the Admin Password and click OK. follow the procedure in the next section to download the software from your PC to the remote modem. Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu 6 .) Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box c. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. If you have an iNFINITI remote. follow the steps in the next section. (See Figure 5). select Admin. Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to download the executable images to an iDirect iNFINITI remote. If you have a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus modem. (“iDirect” is the default Admin password.

where <version #> is the iDirect release number. c. b. Click the Start button to begin the download. navigate to the folder that contains the iNFINITI software package. Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download 3. 7 .2. the iNFINITI software package is installed on your PC in the following folder: NetModem-<version #>/Images/Remote_iNFINITI. By default. In the Open dialog box. double-click the . Select the following options in the Download Package dialog box: a. Click the Open button in the Download Package dialog box to display the Open dialog box (Figure 4). The file names for all files to be downloaded are displayed in the Contents area of the dialog box. select Download images only. 4. select Don’t check versions. In the Configurations area.pkg file to select the package for download and return to the Download Package dialog box. In the Reset area. In the Open dialog box. In the Image Version Check area. select Don’t reset. 5.

1. If you have iNFINITI remotes.) 8 . Monitor the progress of the download in the Information area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus Follow these steps to download the executable images to an iDirect NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. follow the steps in the previous section.Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box 6. indicating that the package download is complete. 7. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Images from the menu to display the Download Command Center dialog box. (See Figure 8. Close the Download Package dialog box when the word Done is displayed.

Click the Select button in the Download Command Center dialog box (Figure 8) to display the Open dialog box. In the Open dialog box. Select DEFRAGMENT in the Download Command Center dialog box. 4. 9 .ldr file to select the images for download and return to the Download Command Center dialog box. navigate to the folder that contains the NetModem software images for your NetModem or NetModem II Plus. When you select the . In the Open dialog box. By default. the correct set of images will automatically be selected for download.ldr file. Click the Download button to begin the download. 5. double-click the . these images are installed on your PC in the following folders: NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_NM2 NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_2Plus Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download 3.Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu 2.

10 . Close the Download Command Center dialog box when the word Completed is displayed. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. Monitor the progress of the download in the Status area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC.Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box 6. 7. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. indicating that the image download is complete.

You will need to configure these parameters on each of the two remotes in the circuit.) 2. Launch iSite. (Do not log on at this point.1 Adding an Unknown Element Add a new element in iSite as follows: 1.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration Follow these steps to create the iSCPC element in the Tree View: 1. In the Tree View.0 Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite This section explains how to use iSite to configure an iSCPC connection between two remotes.0. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0.3.0] is added to the iSite tree. Select Create Configuration iSCPC to display the iSCPC Configuration dialog box Information tab. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree.) Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu 11 . 2.0. (See Figure 11. (See Figure 9. 3.) Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree 3.

Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab 12 .

follow these steps to configure the parameters on the remote Information tab.) 5. using the guidelines in the next section.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab Once you have created the iSCPC element in the Tree View. Click on the ellipsis button (…) beside the password text box for the password you want to change. Enter the Transmit and Receive properties. 2. Select any options (such as Link Encryption or Compression types) that you want to apply to your iSCPC connection.3. 13 . see “Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections” on page 33. enter and confirm the new password. If you want to change the User Password or the Admin Password for the remote: a. This setting will be adjusted during the commissioning procedure. entered in kbps. 3. Enter the Serial Number of your remote modem. Transmit Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Transmit L-Band Frequency = RF Uplink Center Frequency – BUC Translation Frequency BUC Translation Frequency: Determined by the operational parameters of the BUC. Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties Use these guidelines when entering the iSCPC transmit and receive properties. 1. Click OK to save the password and return to the main dialog box. b. Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box 4. In the Change Password dialog box (Figure 12). Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. Select the Model Type of your remote modem. (For details on configuring your iSCPC connection for Link Encryption. c. entered in MHz Transmit Power: Enter a transmit power of –25 dBm.

Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the BUC. entered in kbps. 14 . FEC Blocks per Frame: Enter the same value as configured for the transmit properties of the peer remote. Modulation: Select a modulation type. This is the only available selection. iSCPC Modulation Modes Table 1 shows the iSCPC FEC rates and modulation modes supported for each iDirect modem type in iDirect release 7. entered in MHz. IDR. Receive Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Receive L-Band Frequency = RF Downlink Center Frequency – LNB Translation Frequency LNB Translation Freq: Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. (See Table 1 for options. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the BUC. LNB Stability (+/-): Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the LNB.0. (See Table 1 for options. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. When configuring your iSCPC connections. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the LNB and downconverter.) Scrambling: Select the default.Modulation: Select a modulation type. iSite limits your selections of Modulation and Error Correction parameters to those supported on your modem for your release.) Scrambling: Select the default. FEC Blocks per frame: Select a frame length that is as close as possible to 125 ms. Earlier releases support a subset of these services.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the BUC. IDR. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the LNB. entered in MHz. This is the only available selection.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options.

7300 Series BPSK Yes Yes X Yes X Yes QPSK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8PSK X X X Yes X Yes Block Size 1K 4K 4K 16K Payload § Bytes 53 66 251 404 1800 § SCPC channel framing uses a modified HDLC header. 3.495 .431 .1 through 3. and always slightly less than the numbers indicated in the table. which requires bit-stuffing to prevent false end-of-frame detection.Table 1: iSCPC Modulation Modes Modulation Mode 7.879 Hardware Support 5000 Series.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote Repeat the steps in sections 3. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.0 iSCPC Links iSCPC FEC . 7000 Series 5000 Series. The diagram on the next page will help you to determine the correct parameters.3 to create and configure the second remote in the iSCPC connection.793 . 15 . The actual payload is variable. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.533 .

Band Remote A BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote A LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ 16 .Remote A RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L -Band Satell ite Remote B RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Downlink Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L-Band Satellite ____________ NetModem A NetModem B Remote A RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Down Link Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L -Band Remote B RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L .

or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. Enter the SAT0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask.4.0 Configuring the Remote IP Addresses This section provides guidelines and procedures for configuring the IP addresses on the remotes in your iSCPC connection. Click the IP Configuration tab. RIP on Eth0 must be enabled in both remotes or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. (See the examples beginning on 18. (See the examples in the next section for the steps required for these operations.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines Follow these guidelines when configuring the IP addressing information for each remote: Eth0 of remote A cannot be within the same network as the Eth0 of remote B. Sat0 must not be within either of the networks used on either Eth0. Note The IP addressing should be planned such that the SAT0 interfaces on both of the iSCPC remotes are in the same subnet.) Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab 2. 4. 4. Enable RIP routing by selecting Enable RIPv2. 17 . Enter the ETH0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask for the default VLAN. (See Figure 13. You must enable RIP on ETH0 for both remotes. Sat0 of remote A must be within the same network as the Sat0 of remote B.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information 1. 3.) 4. do one of the following: a.) Therefore.

168. In the ETH0 Interface section. Add Static Route on each remote with the gateway pointing to the SAT0 interface on the peer remote. 5. 4. Table 2: IP Addressing Schemes for Examples A and B Remote Remote A Remote B Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled Eth0 Addresses 192.0. Select the IP Configuration tab.1 / 24 10. In the examples.2 / 24 To configure the iSCPC connection using RIPv2: 1.168. Repeat these steps for the peer remote. In the SAT0 Interface section. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote.2.3 Examples These examples in this section illustrate how to configure your remotes with RIPv2 enabled (Example 1) and how to configure your remotes using static routes with RIPv2 disabled (Example 2).Or b. Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled 18 .0. Figure 14 shows the configuration for Remote A. Select the Enable RIPv2 check box for both the Eth0 Interface and the Sat0 Interface.1.1 / 24 Sat0 Addresses 10. 3. the remotes are configured with the IP Addresses shown in Table 2. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. Remote B should be configured in a similar manner. using the second set of addresses in Table 2.1 / 24 192. 2. 4.0.0.

Enter the Subnet Mask. In the SAT0 Interface section. select Sat0. 4. Figure 16 shows the IP Configuration tab on Remote A after adding the IP addressing information and the static route. 8. In Interface. enter the peer remote’s Sat0 interface. Open the Add Static Route or Edit Static Route dialog box for the remote by clicking the Add or Edit button in the Static Routes section of the dialog box. Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box 19 . 3. enter the range of addresses that you want to forward to the peer remote over the satellite. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. Click OK. In the ETH0 Interface section.Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled To configure the iSCPC connection with RIPv2 disabled using static routes: 1. 2. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. In the IP Address text box. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. In Gateway. 9. Since there is only one static route. 7. 10. 5. Figure 15 illustrates adding the static route to Remote A. 6. Select the IP Configuration tab.

0/24 network. if Remote A receives a packet on its Eth0 interface destined for the 192. select the default route and click the Edit button to display the Edit Static Route dialog box.2 to the configuration in Figure 16. A common configuration includes a gateway router at one site to handle traffic on a customer network. If a site is configured with a gateway.2) using its own Sat0 interface. (Figure 18) 20 . the remote will forward it to the Gateway through the configured Interface.168.0. if a packet is destined for the IP Address. in the example. Remote B’s Sat0 is programmed by default to send those packets to remote B’s Eth0.2.1. then default routing is not sufficient to forward traffic received on the sat0 interface to the router on the LAN. it will forward the packet to Remote B’s Sat0 Gateway (10.Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route Looking at the static route configured in Figure 16.168.0. Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway To add a static route that will forward the satellite traffic to the gateway over the LAN interface. follow these additional steps: 1. In the Static Routes area. Figure 17 shows the addition of gateway 192. Thus.

any packet that the remote receives on its sat0 interface will be routed to the gateway with IP address 192. Since there is only one static route.1. 3. In Gateway.168. Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway Figure 19 shows the addition of the static route for the LAN gateway. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. In Interface. enter the IP address of the gateway. With the addition of the new static route.Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box 2.2 on the eth0 interface. 4. Note that selecting Eth0 in the Edit Static Route dialog box results in ixp1 in the Interface column for the static route. 21 . You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. 5. Click OK. select Eth0.

0 Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the classification and prioritization of IP traffic in order to optimize the delivery of packets based on various criteria such as traffic type. among others.0. jitter and packet loss. Configuring QoS parameters to allow voice packets to be sent at a higher priority than data packets can improve the QoS of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic. Using the QoS tab. etc. Attributes of a connection that affect QoS include throughput. Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic 22 . For example. source and destination IP addresses. you can configure service levels and filters that control the QoS of the traffic on your iSCPC link. you will see three additional sub-tabs at the bottom of the screen labeled Traffic.5. Selecting a sub-tab allows you to define the parameters for each category. Filter and Data Rate (Figure 20). When you click the QoS tab for your iSCPC connection. For a detailed discussion of iDirect QoS principals see the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. voice packets require minimal latency and jitter. latency.

) 5. 2. Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level 4. Select the Service Level in the Rules area of the QoS Traffic sub-tab and click the Add button to display the Add Rule dialog box (Figure 23). Enter a Level Name for the service level. Click the Edit button at the bottom of the dialog box to enable editing. that Service Level is displayed in the Rules area of the dialog box.1 Adding Service Levels To define a Service Level on the QoS tab. 23 .0. Select the Traffic sub-tab of the QoS tab. Click the Add button in the Service Levels area of the screen to display the Add Service Level dialog box (Figure 21). 5. You can add rules to the Service Level as follows: 1. (For descriptions of the various Service Level parameters. follow these steps: 1. 3. Enter the remaining QoS parameters for your Service Level as required.5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels Once you’ve defined a Service Level. see the section “Adding a Service Level” in the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7.

Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level 2. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. In the Add Rule dialog box. 24 . define the rule for this Service Level by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule.

When you are finished defining the rule. Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule 3. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. 4. select the Filter sub-tab. click OK to save your changes. To add these rules: 1. 2. you can also add Filter rules that are applied independently of the Service Levels. click OK to save your changes. In the Add Filter dialog box. 5. When you are finished defining the rule.3. 25 . At the bottom of the QoS tab. define the rule by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. click the Add button to display the Add Filter dialog box (Figure 24). In the QoS Filter sub-tab.3 Adding Filter Rules In addition to the rules associated with your Service Levels.

3.5. In the SAR area of the screen.4 Enabling SAR By default. Follow these steps to enable SAR and set the segment length: 1. Enter a Segment Size. select the check box to the left of Segment Size to enable SAR. Click the Data Rate sub-tab at the bottom of the QoS tab. 26 . Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote Note The remaining fields on this tab are not applicable to iSCPC connections. 2. You can enable SAR and define a SAR segment size on the Data Rate sub-tab of the QoS tab. Segment Assembly and Reassembly (SAR) is not enabled on your iSCPC remotes. see the chapter titled “QoS Implementation Principals” in the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7.0. For more on SAR.

Geo Location dialog parameters. used by the Look Angle Calculator. are not required for iSCPC operation.Note You do not need to configure the parameters on the Geo Location tab. 27 .

Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable.6. Log on to the remote using iSite. Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu 2. Applying the iSCPC Configurations Follow this procedure to load the remote modems with the iSCPC parameters that you entered previously. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. (For details. To load the configuration from a saved Options file. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. To apply the iSCPC configuration using iSite. Enter a file name and click the Save button. see “Logging On to iSite” on page 5. you must first establish IP connectivity to that remote from your PC or laptop computer. 2. Follow the steps in this section to apply the iSCPC configurations to your remote modems. or indirectly via an external switch or router. please follow the procedure in section 2. Your computer must be connected directly to the remote via a LAN crossover cable.0 Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations This section explains how to save your remote options files to disk and how to download the options files to your iSCPC remotes. In the Save As dialog box. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. Saving a Remote Options File to Disk When you have finished entering the remote configuration parameters. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. 3. 28 . the following conditions must exist: Your computer’s IP address must be in the range of addresses specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. right-click on the remote in the Tree View and select Load Configuration From File.0 on page 3 before you execute the steps in this section. you can save the remote options file to your hard disk as follows: 1. Before you can apply the iSCPC configuration to a remote. 4. If not. The procedure assumes that you have already downloaded the iSCPC software to the remote modems. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. 1. Your subnet mask must match the remote’s subnet mask.) 5.

Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 29 . Then double-click the options file you want to apply to this remote.Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 6. navigate to the folder in which you stored the remote options file. In the Open dialog box.

Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration After you have applied both configurations and reset the remotes. right-click the remote and select Apply Configuration to Remote. 30 . Then click Reset Now. you are ready to commission the SCPC carriers with your Satellite Provider. In the Tree View.7. This is described in the following section.

4.X represents the increase or decrease in power. The command has the following syntax: tx freq <fx> where <fx> is the L-band frequency in MHz. 6.0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Review the remotes’ configurations to ensure that the L-Band frequencies and the ODU parameters are correct for the BUC and the LNB Follow the appropriate satellite provider access procedures and contact your Satellite Provider to commission the carrier. tx cw on 7. reset the remote. use the tx freq command to change to the new frequency. The remote must be powered off whenever the transmit or receive cables are connected or removed.<XX. If a CW carrier is required. The range of transmit power for iDirect remotes is from -35 dBm to +7 dBm. Connect the transmit IFL cable to the modems. If using a CW carrier. you can turn it off by typing: tx cw off To force the remote to transmit a modulated carrier instead of a CW carrier. Apply power to the remote modems when instructed by the satellite provider to bring up the carrier. 2. Disconnect the power to the remote modems. Ensure that your remote is powered off before connecting the transmit cable to the remote. If you are required to transmit at a frequency other than the operational frequency. enter the following commands: a.7. 8. 31 .X> where XX. As preparation for carrier commissioning: 7. Enter the following command to adjust the transmit power of the remote: Tx Power +/. Warning 3. Note Begin with a low transmit power. Log on to the remote through the console port 5. tx cw enable b. increasing the power gradually until the desired level is reached.1 Determining the Transmit Power Work with your satellite provider to commission the carriers as follows: 1.

For each remote: 1. In iSite. (See Figure 30. Follow the procedure in section 5. you must update the transmit power in the iSite remote configuration. Receive lock should now be achieved by both remotes and your iSCPC connection should be operational.7.0 on page 22 to apply the new configurations and reset the modems.2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite After the proper carrier level has been established through the console port on both remotes.) Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite 2. update the Transmit Power in the Transmit Properties section of the Information tab to match the power determined during the commissioning procedure. 32 .

To enable encryption. 5. Note For iNFINITI remotes. Enter the following command to make keygen an executable file: chmod a+x keygen You can now use keygen to generate new encryption keys in the iDirect format or to convert existing binary keys to the iDirect format 33 . Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software.bz2.bz2 to your PC or laptop. The iDirect keygen utility is a Linux-based executable file that you can load on any Linux-based computer to generate new keys or to convert existing keys to iDirect format.0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections iDirect supports the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for iSCPC connections between iNFINITI remotes and Triple DES encryption for iSCPC connections between NetModems. Log on to the Linux-based machine and change to the directory containing the zip file keygen.bz2.bz2 7. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac.8.bz2 with the keygen file. Click the KEYGEN link and select Save to Disk in the dialog box to download keygen. 6. bunzip2 keygen. Changing keys requires you to edit and reload the options files. 3. copy keygen.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. 5350 and 7350 models. Enter the following command to unzip keygen. you must add the encryption key to the options file of each remote in the connection and download the options files to the remotes.1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility You must have a valid encryption key in the iDirect format before you can enable encryption for your iSCPC link. You can download keygen from the TAC web site by following these steps: 1. link encryption is only available on the 5150. 8.iDirect. Using a utility such as WinSCP. This will replace keygen. Only static keys are currently supported. 2.bz2 from your PC or laptop to the directory on the Linux-based machine in which you plan to run keygen. Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site 4.

If you already have a valid binary key.4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection Follow these steps for each remote in the iSCPC connection to enable encryption on the SCPC link: 34 . Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key Note To view the keygen command usage.8. you must execute keygen to convert it to the iDirect format. if you obtain a binary key from another source. Copy the file containing the binary key to the Linux-based machine. enter keygen with no qualifiers. To perform the conversion. 3. 2. see section 8. Log on to the Linux-based machine on which keygen is installed. Log on to the Linux-based computer on which keygen is installed. 1.3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format Keygen generates new keys in the format required by the iDirect system.3 for instructions on how to convert it to the iDirect format. 8. keygen requires the binary key to be contained in an input file.txt and the resulting key. Figure 32 shows the command to generate an AES encryption key to a file named key. Enter the following command to perform the conversion: keygen -<key type> -file <filename> where <key type> is 3des or aes and <filename> is the name of the file containing the binary key. However. 8. Follow these steps to convert an existing binary key to the iDirect format: 1.2 Generating an Encryption Key Follow these steps to generate a new encryption key in the iDirect format. Enter the following command to generate an encryption key in iDirect format: keygen -<key type> -gen where <key type> is 3des or aes. 2.

navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file.) 6. Open the remote options file with Notepad or another text editor. Edit the remote options file as follows: a. 5. Enter a file name and click the Save button. 3. the iSCPC Configuration Information tab will be displayed automatically. Scroll down in the options file until you see the [ENC] section. Log on to your iSCPC remote using iSite. Figure 34 contains an example of this section of an options file after Link Encryption has been selected in iSite. (Do not apply the changes at this time. In the Save As dialog box. Add the lines: enc_key = <Key> where <Key> is the key you generated using keygen.) Once you log on. 35 . 2. Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite 8.1. 7. Select the Link Encryption check box (Figure 33). Scroll to the bottom of the screen and click the Edit button. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. Delete the lines: enc_algorithm = dynamic enc_algorithm_mode = dynamic b. Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite 4. (See instructions on page 5 for logging on to iSite.

the edited options file should be similar to the example in Figure 35. 36 . enc_algorithm_mode = <Mode> where <Mode> = CFB for iNFINITI remotes or CBC for NetModems. enc_static = 1 For an iNFINITI remote. follow the procedure in section 6. Link encryption will take efffect on the iSCPC link after you have downloaded the modified options files to both remotes in your iSCPC connection. Using iSite.enc_algorithm = <Type> where <Type> = AES for iNFINITI remotes or 3DES for NetModems. (For a NetModem. enc_algorithm should be set to 3DES and enc_algorithm_mode should be set to CBC. 10. Save the modified options file.) Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption 9.0 on page 28 to download the modified options file to the remote.

In iSite. Perform these steps on both iSCPC remotes. “iDirect” is the default Password.8. Enter the following command to verify that encryption is enabled on the remote: enc stats The following is sample output from an iNFINITI remote with AES encryption enabled: CurrentEncryptor = "AES_SW" CurrentEncryptorMode = "CFB" Encrypted = 12 Decrypted = 11 FailedToEncrypt = 0 FailedToDecrypt = 0 37 . right click on the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Telnet from the menu. log on to the remote modem as Username: Admin. In the Telnet window. 1.5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link Once you have enabled encryption on your iSCPC remotes. 3. Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu 2. you can verify that the link is successfully carrying encrypted data by following the steps in this section.

PushThruRefused = 0 PushThruFailed = 0 Filtered = 0 4. Figure 37 shows sample output of a successful ping command. Check the communication path by typing: ping <IP Address> where <IP Address> is the IP address of the peer remote. Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command 38 .

The Ethernet statistics and Satcom statistics will not be available in iSite until iDS release 7. In earlier releases. On iNFINITI remotes. Note 9. you can view these statistics from the command line as follows: Telnet to your remote.1) IP transmit and receive statistics Events generated by the remote This section explains how to use iSite to monitor these values.1) Satellite communications (Satcom) transmit and receive statistics (Beginning with release 7. hdlc stats. enter the following commands: eth.0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Using iSite. However.1 Viewing Settings and Statistics The iSite Settings and Statistics screen has four tabs: Equipment Details Modem Parameters Ethernet Statistics Satcom Statistics Follow the procedure in this section to view the Settings and Statistics screen: 1. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Settings and Statistics View from the menu. You do not need to be logged on to iSite to view the various settings and statistics. On NetModems. enter the commands scpc and scc stats. statistics and events associated with your remote modems. and dma stats.1. (Figure 38) 39 . you can view the following data on an iSCPC remote: Configuration and status details of the remote equipment Modem parameters associated with the remote’s modulator and demodulator Ethernet statistics (Beginning with release 7.9. you can monitor the settings. Specifically. you must log on to reset statistics or to view events.

However. as well as the other monitor screens. The selection of available menus changes. depending on the selected screen type (configure or monitor). Click the tab you wish to view. from the Monitor menu in the iSite menu bar. An overview of each tab is discussed below. You can also open the Settings and Statistics screen.Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu 2. it is important to note that the menu bar is context-sensitive. Note 40 .

transmit and receive lock. The status information is updated in real time. Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab Note If the Downstream SNR field displays -1. receive Automatic Gain Control (AGC). 41 . etc.Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab The Equipment Details tab is shown in Figure 39. the receiver is not locked to a carrier. This tab displays status and configuration details about the remote modem. including operating temperature.

Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab The Modem Parameters tab is shown in Figure 40. This tab displays configuration details about the remote modem’s Modulator and Demodulator, as well as the Connection Data Source and Interface Type.

Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab

Note

The Data Source field in the Connection area of the screen indicates the source of the data transmitted by this remote.

42

Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab The Ethernet Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the LAN interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and interrupt statistics. The information shown on the Ethernet Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the IP Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Ethernet Statistics tab is shown in Figure 41.

Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab

43

Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab The Satcom Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the satellite interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and other (miscellaneous) statistics. The information shown on the Satcom Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the Satcom Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Satcom Statistics tab is shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab

44

By selecting display parameters. (Figure 43) View from the Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu 45 .9. 1. you can customize various aspects of the graph. beginning at the time that the screen is launched. such as the type of IP packets displayed and the time interval of the data. The graph shows real-time data. Right-click your iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select IP Stats menu. To display the IP Statistics graph.2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph iSite’s IP statistics graph displays IP traffic in both the transmit direction and the receive direction.

the IP Statistics graph is displayed with panes for both transmit and receive packets. and with all parameters enabled. (See Figure 44. Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu 46 . right-click anywhere in the graph area of the screen to view the context menu.) Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display 2.By default. If you want to modify the display parameters.

3. or select Parameters from the menu to show the parameters area of the screen as shown in Figure 46. Hours: Displays 12 hours of data. Legend (context menu only): Displays a color-coded legend of the graph contents. Interval: Toggles the x-axis of the graph among the following selections: Seconds: Displays three minutes of data. (See Figure 45. or both. the receive traffic graph. averaged over 10 minutes. averaged over one minute. Activity: Allows you to select which IP traffic types to display. Some parameters are configurable only from the context menu. Properties (context menu only): Allows to you modify the default color settings. Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area The selectable display options for the IP Statistics graph are listed here. Parameters (context menu only): Displays the parameters section at the top of the screen. Either select the display settings directly from the context menu. 47 . Menu-only selections are indicated in parentheses below. Units: Toggles the y-axis of the graph between kilobits per second (by selecting Bits) and kilobytes per second (by selecting Bytes). The parameter selections are discussed below. or to show the total IP traffic as a single line on the graph. Minutes: Displays one hour of data. Direction: Allows you to view the transmit traffic graph.) All others can be selected either from the context menu or from the parameters area of the screen.

loss of receive lock. Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu 48 .9. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View.3 Viewing Remote Events iSCPC remotes generate events and warnings concerning various aspects of operation such as component failures. etc. Select Event View from the menu. 2. You can view the events generated by an iSCPC remote as follows: 1.

The default password is iDirect. Launch a terminal emulator such as Tera Term or HyperTerminal and configure the serial connection with the settings shown in Figure 48: Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters 3. log on to the root account. Connect a serial cable between the COM1 port of your PC or Laptop and the console port on the remote modem. (See section A. If you are connected to an iNFINITI remote.1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem In order to determine the IP address of your remote you must first establish a console connection to the remote from your PC. At the Linux prompt. If you are connected to a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. In order to determine the IP address. you must first establish a console connection to the modem from your PC and log on to the iDirect application on the modem. Follow these steps to establish a console connection: 1.Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address This appendix provides the procedure for determining the IP address of an iDirect remote modem. enter the command telnet 0 to connect to the iDirect application. 2. 4.3 to determine the IP address of the modem. press Enter a few times to generate a login prompt from the modem.2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your remote modem. 49 .) 1. A. follow the instructions in section A. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. At the prompt. Once you have saved the port setup. follow the instructions in section A.1 for details.2 to determine the IP address of the modem. The procedure for determining the IP address differs slightly between iNFINITI remotes and NetModems. A.

1 for details.) The steps of this procedure are illustrated in Figure 49. (See Appendix B for details.255.255.65 Netmask: 55. Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote A. enter the command laninfo. (See section A. Enter the command laninfo to view the IP address and subnet mask of your router.3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.4. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect the remote modem using iSite.2. Note the IP address and subnet mask. At the command line prompt. This is sample output: > laninfo Address: 92. Note the IP address and subnet mask.168.) 50 .) 1. Log on using the following username and password: Username: admin Password: iDirect 3. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect to the remote modem using iSite. 4. (See Appendix B for details.0 2.

Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet 51 . Click the Properties button to display the Local Area Connection properties sheet. From your computer’s Control Panel. double-click Network Connections. 2. Launch the Local Area Connection Status dialog box (Figure 50) by double-clicking your LAN connection. This screen’s appearance varies in Windows 2000 and Windows XP. Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box 3.Appendix B Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Establish IP connectivity to the remote modem from your laptop by modifying your IP address as follows: 1.

Click OK to save your changes. b. Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box 5.4. Then click the Properties button to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box. 52 . On the Local Area Connection properties sheet. Enter the same Subnet mask that you retrieved from the remote modem using the laninfo command. you do not need to specify DNS server addresses. select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). Select Use the following IP address. you should have IP connectivity to the remote modem. Once you have reconfigured the IP address on your PC or laptop. Enter an IP address that is inside the range specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. d. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box: a. Note For a local connection. This enables you to connect using “telnet” or iSite. c.

The appendix has the following sections: Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC C. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. Click OK to log on. iSite should automatically discover any iDirect modems to which it has IP connectivity.0.Appendix C Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled On startup.1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery If the iSite auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC. If you do not know the IP address of your remote. Follow these steps: 1.) Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery 6. However.0] is added to the iSite tree. you can connect to your remote by creating an unknown element in the iSite Tree View and logging on to that element using the remote’s IP address. enter the IP Address of the remote and select Admin. determine it by following the procedure in Appendix A. In the iSite Tree View.0. (“iDirect” is the default admin password. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. This appendix discusses methods for accessing your remotes using iSite if the auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC or laptop. 53 . Right-click the Unknown element in the tree and select Login from the menu. 5. the auto-discover feature does not always work reliably with PCs or laptops running Windows XP. Enter the Admin Password and click OK. 4. 2. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. 3.

navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Tcpip/ 54 . Follow these steps to modify your Windows Registry to use IGMPv2: 1. iDirect recommends that this change be tested in a controlled environment on an identical PC to verify that machines to be used in the field will not be affected. The procedure in this section details the steps required to reconfigure a PC using IGMPv3 to use IGMPv2. the iSite auto-discovery feature may not work reliably. This procedure requires you to modify your Windows Registry.2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC In order for the auto-discovery feature to work correctly. While PCs running Windows 2000 are generally configured to use IGMPv2. if your PC is running Windows XP. iSite requires IGMPv2 messages. any Registry modifications can potentially affect the ability of other applications on your PC to execute correctly. This can be accomplished using the File -> Export command in the Registry Editor. Warning Warning A copy of your current registry should be saved prior to making any changes. Therefore. To start the Registry Editor. Although iDirect is not currently aware of any issues associated with this change. Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor 3.C. enter the command regedit in the Open text box and click OK. Click the Start button in your Windows Taskbar and select Run from the start menu. 2. In the Registry Editor (Figure 55). PCs running Windows XP are generally configured to use IGMPv3. in case you need to revert to the original settings.

select Parameters. right-click IGMPVersion and select Modify from the menu to display the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2 55 . enter the value 3.4. In the Name column of the right-hand pane of the Registry Editor. In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. Under Tcpip. Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor 6. The value 3 represents IGMP version 2. Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor 5.

Click OK to save the change. Note You may need to restart your PC or laptop for the registry change to take effect.7. 56 .

Table 3: LNB Frequency Stability Requirements vs. The table below shows the frequency stability required at various data rates.Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. Remote Data Rate 57 .

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