iSCPC User Guide

IDS Release 7.0 September 15, 2006

13865 Sunrise Valley Drive | Herndon, VA 20171 | +1 703.648.8000 | www.iDirect.net

Copyright © 2006 iDirect, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The specifications and information regarding the products in this manual are subject to change without notice. All statements, information, and recommendations in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express, or implied. Users must take full responsibility for their application of any products. Trademarks, brand names and products mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective owners. All such references are used strictly in an editorial fashion with no intent to convey any affiliation with the name or the product’s rightful owner.

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Contents
1.0 2.0 Procedure Overview........................................................................................... 1 Installing the iSCPC Software ........................................................................... 3

1.1 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................1

2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client ..............................................3 2.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software......................................................3 Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site .......................................................4 Installing Software from the a CD .....................................................................................4 2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem.........................................................5 Logging On to iSite............................................................................................................5 Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote................................................6 Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus............................8

3.0

Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite .......................................................... 11

3.1 Adding an Unknown Element ......................................................................................11 3.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration...............................................................................11 3.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab...................................13 Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties ........................................13 iSCPC Modulation Modes ...............................................................................................14 3.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote ..........................................................15

4.0

Configuring the Remote IP Addresses ........................................................... 17

4.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines ..................................................................17 4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information .....................................................................17 4.3 Examples .......................................................................................................................18 Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................18 Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled ................................................................19

5.0

Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters......................................... 22

5.1 Adding Service Levels..................................................................................................23 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels...................................................................................23 5.3 Adding Filter Rules .......................................................................................................25 5.4 Enabling SAR ................................................................................................................26

6.0

Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations ........................................... 28
Saving a Remote Options File to Disk ............................................................................28 Applying the iSCPC Configurations ................................................................................28

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.........................................43 Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab ...........................................................49 A..........................................................1 Viewing Settings and Statistics .......................................................................45 9............1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery.3 Viewing Remote Events................................2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite ........ 31 7..............7..............44 9.. 33 8...................... 49 A..........31 7..........................49 A...........................33 8........................1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility.....................34 8.......................2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph ...............34 8..........0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections . 57 iv ..............53 C..5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link ...3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format .................................................................. 51 Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled ......1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem.................................... 53 C.................................50 Appendix B Appendix C Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address ............................1 Determining the Transmit Power.. 39 Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab .................0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes .........32 8........................................39 9...............................................42 Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab...........................4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection...........37 9............................................................................................................................................0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers......................................2 Generating an Encryption Key..............................................................................48 Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address ................2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote..........................................................................................................34 8...........................................................................................................................................................................3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus......................................................2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC ..............................................................54 Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements ......41 Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab ..

.................................................................................................... 22 Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level ....................................... 30 Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite ........................................................... 17 Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled ............................................... 29 Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration .................................. 18 Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box...................................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote .......................... 10 Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree.............................................................. 21 Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway.......................................................................................................................... 20 Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box................................................................. 9 Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box ................................................ 23 Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule ...................... 24 Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level.................................................... 11 Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu........................................... 13 Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab ............................................................................ 20 Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway ........................................................................................................................................... 12 Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box ...................................................................................................... 36 v ............................................................................... 8 Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu.................................... 35 Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite ................ 35 Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption........................................................... 19 Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route ......................................................................................... 29 Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu............................. 33 Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key ..................................................................................................................... 6 Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 24 Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule ........................................... 32 Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site ................................................................................................................................................................................... 7 Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box............................... 6 Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download .......................... 26 Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu ................................................................................................... 28 Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu.................................. 34 Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite......................................................Figures Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu....................................... 5 Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box...................................... 9 Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download ......................................................................... 21 Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 11 Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab......

............. 55 Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2............................................................................................. 50 Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box................................................................................................ 49 Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote ...................................................................... 48 Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters ........................................................................................................................................... 37 Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command ............................................... 47 Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu............................... 41 Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab.......................................................................... 51 Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box............ 46 Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area........................................................................ 46 Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu.................................................................................................. 55 vi ............................................................................ 38 Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display ... 44 Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu ....................................................... 40 Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ....................................................................................................................................Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu ........... 42 Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab ................................. 51 Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet............... 53 Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor....................................................................................................... 54 Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor ...................................................................................................... 55 Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor.................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery................................ 43 Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab...........................

Appendix D shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. and connect them over a satellite link. 1 .0 Procedure Overview This document contains the procedure for using iSite to create point-to-point. you will create two new remotes in your network.1 Assumptions The procedure assumes that you have: Obtained the completed link budget Installed the proper equipment to meet the link budget requirements Note The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. configure them with the appropriate parameters. Please read this entire document before building your iSCPC network. In the procedure. see the iDirect Remote Installation and Commissioning Guide.1. SCPC connections between iDirect remote modems. The document contains the following major sections and appendices: Installing the iSCPC Software Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite Configuring the Remote IP Addresses Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Determining Your Remote’s IP Address Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled LNB Frequency Stability Requirements 1. Obtained the frequency assignments from the satellite provider Obtained the operating specifications for the BUC and the LNB Built the antenna and installed the IFL cable Pointed the antenna and verified the polarization (if appropriate) with the satellite provider For details on the final two items in the above list.

Beginning with iDS Release 7. This document contains the procedure for creating iSCPC connections using iSite.0.0. Note 2 .Warning Do not connect the transmit IFL cable to the remote modem until you are instructed to do so in the commissioning section of this document. see the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. you can also establish iSCPC connections between remotes and iSCPC line cards located at the hub using iBuilder. For details on configuring an iSCPC connection between a remote and an iSCPC line card.

The following sections provide the procedures for each case. In the dialog box.iDirect. 4.net/. or you have created a copy on CD.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software The steps for installing the software package on your PC differ slightly. containing the iSCPC software for each iDirect modem type: • • iNFINITI NetModem II 3 . they will be organized into the following folders: A folder containing iSCPC documents and tools A folder. 2. with three subfolders. To download the iSCPC software from the TAC web site.0 Installing the iSCPC Software This section describes the steps for obtaining and installing the iDirect iSCPC modem software and related application software on a PC running Windows. You can download the files directly to the client PC.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client You can download the iSCPC modem software and iSite GUI client from the iDirect Technical Assistance (TAC) web site at http://tac. 2.iDirect. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac.2. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. depending on whether you have downloaded the software from the iDirect TAC web site directly to the client PC. It also contains the procedure for downloading the iSCPC software from your PC to your NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. or you can download the files to any PC and copy them to an installation CD. 3.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. 2. Click the link for the iSCPC release you want to install. select Save to Disk and click OK. Once you have successfully installed the files on your PC. follow these steps: 1.

WinZip (http://www.com/). where <version> is the iDirect release number. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number. among others.zip and extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . (The ZIP file will be named iSCPC-<version>.winzip. 3.info-zip.com/).zip format.1. To make it convenient to start iSite. and PKZIP (http://www. 2. all files will be contained in a single ZIP archive file on your PC. 5. Copy the ZIP archive file to the location on the client PC into which you want to extract the files.pkware.0. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number. WinZip (http://www. To make it convenient to start iSite. among others. Open the CD drive and navigate to the CD folder containing the file iSCPC<version>.) 2.zip format. 4.info-zip. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www.pkware. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. Follow these steps to complete the installation: 1. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www.com/). and PKZIP (http://www.zip. 4 . Select the file iSCPC-<version>. For example. where <version> is the iDirect release number. Insert the CD into the CD drive of your PC. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. For example.1.org/). Copy the ZIP archive file to the directory into which you want to extract the files. 3.0.• NetModem II Plus A folder containing the iSite client software Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site Once you have downloaded the software from the TAC web site.org/).com/). Extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the .zip. Installing Software from the a CD Follow these steps if you want to install the iSCPC package from a CD: 1.winzip.

(Or navigate to the directory in which you stored the iSite application and double-click iSite. (If you are connecting to a 5000 Series or 7000 Series iNFINITI remote. 1. Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu 5 .2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem The procedures in this section explain how to log on to iSite and download the iSCPC software images to your remote modems. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable.) 4. depending on whether you have NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. 3. Note 5. Log on to the remote using iSite as follows: a. The steps for downloading the software vary slightly. If iSite does not discover your remote modem. Logging On to iSite Follow these steps to log on to your remote modem using iSite. Auto-discovery does not work reliably in all versions of the Windows operating system. iSite should automatically discover the modem and display it in the iSite Tree View. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. see Appendix C on page 53 for alternate methods of logging on to the remote. 2. Right-click the remote in the iSite Tree View (Figure 1) and select Login to display the Login dialog box (Figure 2). connect a straight-through LAN cable to any of the eight LAN B ports. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. Start iSite by opening the shortcut that you created earlier.) Assuming that you have IP connectivity between the NetModem and your PC.

follow the procedure in the next section to download the software from your PC to the remote modem. If you have NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Package from the menu to display the Download Package dialog box. select Admin. (“iDirect” is the default Admin password.) Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box c.b. If you have an iNFINITI remote. Click OK to log on. follow the steps in the next section. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. If you have a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus modem. Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to download the executable images to an iDirect iNFINITI remote. Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu 6 . 1. Then enter the Admin Password and click OK. (See Figure 5). please skip to the section “Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus” on page 8.

In the Image Version Check area. double-click the . the iNFINITI software package is installed on your PC in the following folder: NetModem-<version #>/Images/Remote_iNFINITI. By default. c. 7 . navigate to the folder that contains the iNFINITI software package. In the Open dialog box. Select the following options in the Download Package dialog box: a. Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download 3.pkg file to select the package for download and return to the Download Package dialog box. Click the Start button to begin the download. select Don’t reset. In the Open dialog box. 5. select Download images only. In the Reset area. where <version #> is the iDirect release number.2. b. The file names for all files to be downloaded are displayed in the Contents area of the dialog box. select Don’t check versions. 4. Click the Open button in the Download Package dialog box to display the Open dialog box (Figure 4). In the Configurations area.

1.Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box 6. indicating that the package download is complete. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Images from the menu to display the Download Command Center dialog box. The reset will be performed later in this procedure.) 8 . Close the Download Package dialog box when the word Done is displayed. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. follow the steps in the previous section. Monitor the progress of the download in the Information area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. If you have iNFINITI remotes. Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus Follow these steps to download the executable images to an iDirect NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. (See Figure 8. 7.

the correct set of images will automatically be selected for download. these images are installed on your PC in the following folders: NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_NM2 NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_2Plus Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download 3. Click the Select button in the Download Command Center dialog box (Figure 8) to display the Open dialog box. Select DEFRAGMENT in the Download Command Center dialog box. 4. When you select the . By default.Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu 2. In the Open dialog box. In the Open dialog box. 9 .ldr file to select the images for download and return to the Download Command Center dialog box. Click the Download button to begin the download.ldr file. navigate to the folder that contains the NetModem software images for your NetModem or NetModem II Plus. double-click the . 5.

The reset will be performed later in this procedure. 7. 10 .Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box 6. Monitor the progress of the download in the Status area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. indicating that the image download is complete. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. Close the Download Command Center dialog box when the word Completed is displayed.

0] is added to the iSite tree.) Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree 3.1 Adding an Unknown Element Add a new element in iSite as follows: 1. (See Figure 11.0. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree.3.) 2. 3. 2.) Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu 11 . right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. In the Tree View.0. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. You will need to configure these parameters on each of the two remotes in the circuit. Launch iSite. (See Figure 9.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration Follow these steps to create the iSCPC element in the Tree View: 1. Select Create Configuration iSCPC to display the iSCPC Configuration dialog box Information tab. (Do not log on at this point.0 Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite This section explains how to use iSite to configure an iSCPC connection between two remotes.

Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab 12 .

3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab Once you have created the iSCPC element in the Tree View. Enter the Serial Number of your remote modem. Click on the ellipsis button (…) beside the password text box for the password you want to change. Transmit Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Transmit L-Band Frequency = RF Uplink Center Frequency – BUC Translation Frequency BUC Translation Frequency: Determined by the operational parameters of the BUC. b. Select the Model Type of your remote modem. In the Change Password dialog box (Figure 12).) 5. follow these steps to configure the parameters on the remote Information tab. c. If you want to change the User Password or the Admin Password for the remote: a. enter and confirm the new password. Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box 4. 1. (For details on configuring your iSCPC connection for Link Encryption. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. 2. Enter the Transmit and Receive properties. 13 .3. Select any options (such as Link Encryption or Compression types) that you want to apply to your iSCPC connection. see “Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections” on page 33. This setting will be adjusted during the commissioning procedure. Click OK to save the password and return to the main dialog box. entered in kbps. using the guidelines in the next section. entered in MHz Transmit Power: Enter a transmit power of –25 dBm. 3. Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties Use these guidelines when entering the iSCPC transmit and receive properties.

entered in kbps.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the BUC. This is the only available selection. When configuring your iSCPC connections.Modulation: Select a modulation type. 14 . ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the BUC. LNB Stability (+/-): Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. IDR.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. IDR.) Scrambling: Select the default. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the LNB. Receive Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Receive L-Band Frequency = RF Downlink Center Frequency – LNB Translation Frequency LNB Translation Freq: Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. entered in MHz. (See Table 1 for options. FEC Blocks per frame: Select a frame length that is as close as possible to 125 ms. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. This is the only available selection.) Scrambling: Select the default. FEC Blocks per Frame: Enter the same value as configured for the transmit properties of the peer remote. Earlier releases support a subset of these services. entered in MHz. Modulation: Select a modulation type. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the LNB. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the BUC. iSite limits your selections of Modulation and Error Correction parameters to those supported on your modem for your release. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the LNB and downconverter. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment.0. (See Table 1 for options. iSCPC Modulation Modes Table 1 shows the iSCPC FEC rates and modulation modes supported for each iDirect modem type in iDirect release 7.

3 to create and configure the second remote in the iSCPC connection. 7300 Series BPSK Yes Yes X Yes X Yes QPSK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8PSK X X X Yes X Yes Block Size 1K 4K 4K 16K Payload § Bytes 53 66 251 404 1800 § SCPC channel framing uses a modified HDLC header. 3. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.533 . The actual payload is variable.431 . 7000 Series 5000 Series.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote Repeat the steps in sections 3. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.793 . 15 . which requires bit-stuffing to prevent false end-of-frame detection.0 iSCPC Links iSCPC FEC .879 Hardware Support 5000 Series.495 . and always slightly less than the numbers indicated in the table. The diagram on the next page will help you to determine the correct parameters.1 through 3.Table 1: iSCPC Modulation Modes Modulation Mode 7.

Remote A RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L -Band Satell ite Remote B RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Downlink Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L-Band Satellite ____________ NetModem A NetModem B Remote A RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Down Link Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L -Band Remote B RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L .Band Remote A BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote A LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ 16 .

Enable RIP routing by selecting Enable RIPv2. (See the examples in the next section for the steps required for these operations.) Therefore. or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. 17 . Sat0 must not be within either of the networks used on either Eth0. 3. Enter the ETH0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask for the default VLAN. Sat0 of remote A must be within the same network as the Sat0 of remote B. You must enable RIP on ETH0 for both remotes. (See Figure 13. (See the examples beginning on 18. 4. do one of the following: a.4. Click the IP Configuration tab. Enter the SAT0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask. 4.) Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab 2.0 Configuring the Remote IP Addresses This section provides guidelines and procedures for configuring the IP addresses on the remotes in your iSCPC connection.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information 1. RIP on Eth0 must be enabled in both remotes or static routes must be in place to direct traffic.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines Follow these guidelines when configuring the IP addressing information for each remote: Eth0 of remote A cannot be within the same network as the Eth0 of remote B.) 4. Note The IP addressing should be planned such that the SAT0 interfaces on both of the iSCPC remotes are in the same subnet.

2 / 24 To configure the iSCPC connection using RIPv2: 1.1 / 24 Sat0 Addresses 10. Add Static Route on each remote with the gateway pointing to the SAT0 interface on the peer remote.Or b. Select the IP Configuration tab.2.1.0. In the examples.0. 4.1 / 24 192.0. 2. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. Table 2: IP Addressing Schemes for Examples A and B Remote Remote A Remote B Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled Eth0 Addresses 192. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote.1 / 24 10.3 Examples These examples in this section illustrate how to configure your remotes with RIPv2 enabled (Example 1) and how to configure your remotes using static routes with RIPv2 disabled (Example 2).0. 3.168. 4. Remote B should be configured in a similar manner. Figure 14 shows the configuration for Remote A. Select the Enable RIPv2 check box for both the Eth0 Interface and the Sat0 Interface.168. In the ETH0 Interface section. Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled 18 . 5. Repeat these steps for the peer remote. the remotes are configured with the IP Addresses shown in Table 2. In the SAT0 Interface section. using the second set of addresses in Table 2.

Select the IP Configuration tab. 6. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. 3. Since there is only one static route.Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled To configure the iSCPC connection with RIPv2 disabled using static routes: 1. enter the range of addresses that you want to forward to the peer remote over the satellite. Figure 15 illustrates adding the static route to Remote A. Click OK. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. 9. 4. In Interface. In the IP Address text box. In Gateway. 5. In the ETH0 Interface section. select Sat0. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box 19 . 10. 7. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. Figure 16 shows the IP Configuration tab on Remote A after adding the IP addressing information and the static route. 2. 8. Enter the Subnet Mask. In the SAT0 Interface section. Open the Add Static Route or Edit Static Route dialog box for the remote by clicking the Add or Edit button in the Static Routes section of the dialog box. enter the peer remote’s Sat0 interface.

the remote will forward it to the Gateway through the configured Interface.0/24 network. then default routing is not sufficient to forward traffic received on the sat0 interface to the router on the LAN. in the example.168. In the Static Routes area. if a packet is destined for the IP Address. If a site is configured with a gateway. Thus. A common configuration includes a gateway router at one site to handle traffic on a customer network.0. Figure 17 shows the addition of gateway 192. Remote B’s Sat0 is programmed by default to send those packets to remote B’s Eth0. follow these additional steps: 1.168. if Remote A receives a packet on its Eth0 interface destined for the 192. select the default route and click the Edit button to display the Edit Static Route dialog box.2) using its own Sat0 interface.0.1. it will forward the packet to Remote B’s Sat0 Gateway (10.2 to the configuration in Figure 16. (Figure 18) 20 . Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway To add a static route that will forward the satellite traffic to the gateway over the LAN interface.2.Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route Looking at the static route configured in Figure 16.

4. any packet that the remote receives on its sat0 interface will be routed to the gateway with IP address 192. 5. select Eth0. In Interface. 21 .Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box 2. 3. In Gateway. With the addition of the new static route. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. Click OK. enter the IP address of the gateway.2 on the eth0 interface.1.168. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway Figure 19 shows the addition of the static route for the LAN gateway. Since there is only one static route. Note that selecting Eth0 in the Edit Static Route dialog box results in ixp1 in the Interface column for the static route.

Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic 22 . jitter and packet loss. you can configure service levels and filters that control the QoS of the traffic on your iSCPC link. voice packets require minimal latency and jitter. source and destination IP addresses. For a detailed discussion of iDirect QoS principals see the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. When you click the QoS tab for your iSCPC connection. Attributes of a connection that affect QoS include throughput. For example.0 Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the classification and prioritization of IP traffic in order to optimize the delivery of packets based on various criteria such as traffic type. Filter and Data Rate (Figure 20). you will see three additional sub-tabs at the bottom of the screen labeled Traffic. Selecting a sub-tab allows you to define the parameters for each category. Configuring QoS parameters to allow voice packets to be sent at a higher priority than data packets can improve the QoS of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic. etc.5.0. Using the QoS tab. among others. latency.

see the section “Adding a Service Level” in the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. Enter the remaining QoS parameters for your Service Level as required. You can add rules to the Service Level as follows: 1.) 5. Click the Edit button at the bottom of the dialog box to enable editing. Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level 4. Click the Add button in the Service Levels area of the screen to display the Add Service Level dialog box (Figure 21). 23 . 3.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels Once you’ve defined a Service Level. 2. that Service Level is displayed in the Rules area of the dialog box.1 Adding Service Levels To define a Service Level on the QoS tab. 5.5. follow these steps: 1. Enter a Level Name for the service level. Select the Traffic sub-tab of the QoS tab.0. Select the Service Level in the Rules area of the QoS Traffic sub-tab and click the Add button to display the Add Rule dialog box (Figure 23). (For descriptions of the various Service Level parameters.

define the rule for this Service Level by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule.Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level 2. In the Add Rule dialog box. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. 24 .

When you are finished defining the rule. In the Add Filter dialog box. select the Filter sub-tab. In the QoS Filter sub-tab. 4. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. click the Add button to display the Add Filter dialog box (Figure 24).3. Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule 3. At the bottom of the QoS tab. click OK to save your changes. 25 . 5. When you are finished defining the rule. 2. define the rule by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. you can also add Filter rules that are applied independently of the Service Levels.3 Adding Filter Rules In addition to the rules associated with your Service Levels. click OK to save your changes. To add these rules: 1.

Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote Note The remaining fields on this tab are not applicable to iSCPC connections.0. Segment Assembly and Reassembly (SAR) is not enabled on your iSCPC remotes.5. Enter a Segment Size. Follow these steps to enable SAR and set the segment length: 1. Click the Data Rate sub-tab at the bottom of the QoS tab. For more on SAR. select the check box to the left of Segment Size to enable SAR. 3. 26 . see the chapter titled “QoS Implementation Principals” in the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. 2. You can enable SAR and define a SAR segment size on the Data Rate sub-tab of the QoS tab. In the SAR area of the screen.4 Enabling SAR By default.

27 . are not required for iSCPC operation.Note You do not need to configure the parameters on the Geo Location tab. Geo Location dialog parameters. used by the Look Angle Calculator.

Log on to the remote using iSite. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. 3. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. the following conditions must exist: Your computer’s IP address must be in the range of addresses specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. The procedure assumes that you have already downloaded the iSCPC software to the remote modems. or indirectly via an external switch or router. you must first establish IP connectivity to that remote from your PC or laptop computer. you can save the remote options file to your hard disk as follows: 1. To load the configuration from a saved Options file. (For details. 1. please follow the procedure in section 2.0 Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations This section explains how to save your remote options files to disk and how to download the options files to your iSCPC remotes. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. 2. Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu 2. Follow the steps in this section to apply the iSCPC configurations to your remote modems. 28 . Your subnet mask must match the remote’s subnet mask. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. right-click on the remote in the Tree View and select Load Configuration From File. Before you can apply the iSCPC configuration to a remote. To apply the iSCPC configuration using iSite. Your computer must be connected directly to the remote via a LAN crossover cable.6. If not.) 5. Applying the iSCPC Configurations Follow this procedure to load the remote modems with the iSCPC parameters that you entered previously. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. Saving a Remote Options File to Disk When you have finished entering the remote configuration parameters.0 on page 3 before you execute the steps in this section. Enter a file name and click the Save button. see “Logging On to iSite” on page 5. In the Save As dialog box. 4.

Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 6. Then double-click the options file you want to apply to this remote. navigate to the folder in which you stored the remote options file. In the Open dialog box. Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 29 .

This is described in the following section. Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration After you have applied both configurations and reset the remotes.7. you are ready to commission the SCPC carriers with your Satellite Provider. right-click the remote and select Apply Configuration to Remote. In the Tree View. Then click Reset Now. 30 .

Warning 3.<XX.0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Review the remotes’ configurations to ensure that the L-Band frequencies and the ODU parameters are correct for the BUC and the LNB Follow the appropriate satellite provider access procedures and contact your Satellite Provider to commission the carrier. Log on to the remote through the console port 5. If a CW carrier is required. Note Begin with a low transmit power. 31 .1 Determining the Transmit Power Work with your satellite provider to commission the carriers as follows: 1. Enter the following command to adjust the transmit power of the remote: Tx Power +/. Ensure that your remote is powered off before connecting the transmit cable to the remote.7. The command has the following syntax: tx freq <fx> where <fx> is the L-band frequency in MHz. As preparation for carrier commissioning: 7. 6. tx cw on 7. 2. The remote must be powered off whenever the transmit or receive cables are connected or removed. Connect the transmit IFL cable to the modems. Apply power to the remote modems when instructed by the satellite provider to bring up the carrier.X> where XX. 4. use the tx freq command to change to the new frequency. tx cw enable b. If you are required to transmit at a frequency other than the operational frequency. you can turn it off by typing: tx cw off To force the remote to transmit a modulated carrier instead of a CW carrier. reset the remote. 8. If using a CW carrier. Disconnect the power to the remote modems. enter the following commands: a. increasing the power gradually until the desired level is reached.X represents the increase or decrease in power. The range of transmit power for iDirect remotes is from -35 dBm to +7 dBm.

update the Transmit Power in the Transmit Properties section of the Information tab to match the power determined during the commissioning procedure.7.) Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite 2. In iSite. Receive lock should now be achieved by both remotes and your iSCPC connection should be operational.2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite After the proper carrier level has been established through the console port on both remotes. Follow the procedure in section 5. 32 . (See Figure 30. you must update the transmit power in the iSite remote configuration.0 on page 22 to apply the new configurations and reset the modems. For each remote: 1.

copy keygen. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. This will replace keygen.bz2. Enter the following command to unzip keygen. Enter the following command to make keygen an executable file: chmod a+x keygen You can now use keygen to generate new encryption keys in the iDirect format or to convert existing binary keys to the iDirect format 33 .bz2 from your PC or laptop to the directory on the Linux-based machine in which you plan to run keygen. 6.bz2 with the keygen file. Click the KEYGEN link and select Save to Disk in the dialog box to download keygen.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. Log on to the Linux-based machine and change to the directory containing the zip file keygen.iDirect. Only static keys are currently supported. Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site 4. To enable encryption. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software.1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility You must have a valid encryption key in the iDirect format before you can enable encryption for your iSCPC link.bz2 7. bunzip2 keygen.bz2 to your PC or laptop. 8.0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections iDirect supports the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for iSCPC connections between iNFINITI remotes and Triple DES encryption for iSCPC connections between NetModems. 5. Using a utility such as WinSCP. you must add the encryption key to the options file of each remote in the connection and download the options files to the remotes.8. The iDirect keygen utility is a Linux-based executable file that you can load on any Linux-based computer to generate new keys or to convert existing keys to iDirect format. You can download keygen from the TAC web site by following these steps: 1. link encryption is only available on the 5150. Changing keys requires you to edit and reload the options files.bz2. 3. 2. Note For iNFINITI remotes. 5350 and 7350 models.

enter keygen with no qualifiers. Log on to the Linux-based computer on which keygen is installed.3 for instructions on how to convert it to the iDirect format. Copy the file containing the binary key to the Linux-based machine. 1. Log on to the Linux-based machine on which keygen is installed. 8. Follow these steps to convert an existing binary key to the iDirect format: 1. 3. Figure 32 shows the command to generate an AES encryption key to a file named key. Enter the following command to generate an encryption key in iDirect format: keygen -<key type> -gen where <key type> is 3des or aes. If you already have a valid binary key.3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format Keygen generates new keys in the format required by the iDirect system.8. 8.txt and the resulting key.4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection Follow these steps for each remote in the iSCPC connection to enable encryption on the SCPC link: 34 . Enter the following command to perform the conversion: keygen -<key type> -file <filename> where <key type> is 3des or aes and <filename> is the name of the file containing the binary key. 2. To perform the conversion. you must execute keygen to convert it to the iDirect format. if you obtain a binary key from another source. 2. see section 8. However. Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key Note To view the keygen command usage.2 Generating an Encryption Key Follow these steps to generate a new encryption key in the iDirect format. keygen requires the binary key to be contained in an input file.

Scroll to the bottom of the screen and click the Edit button. Select the Link Encryption check box (Figure 33). Delete the lines: enc_algorithm = dynamic enc_algorithm_mode = dynamic b. 35 . Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite 8. 2.) Once you log on. 7.) 6. 5.1. Scroll down in the options file until you see the [ENC] section. Open the remote options file with Notepad or another text editor. Enter a file name and click the Save button. In the Save As dialog box. 3. Figure 34 contains an example of this section of an options file after Link Encryption has been selected in iSite. Log on to your iSCPC remote using iSite. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. (See instructions on page 5 for logging on to iSite. Add the lines: enc_key = <Key> where <Key> is the key you generated using keygen. Edit the remote options file as follows: a. Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite 4. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. (Do not apply the changes at this time. the iSCPC Configuration Information tab will be displayed automatically.

enc_algorithm = <Type> where <Type> = AES for iNFINITI remotes or 3DES for NetModems.) Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption 9. 36 . (For a NetModem. enc_algorithm should be set to 3DES and enc_algorithm_mode should be set to CBC. enc_algorithm_mode = <Mode> where <Mode> = CFB for iNFINITI remotes or CBC for NetModems. Link encryption will take efffect on the iSCPC link after you have downloaded the modified options files to both remotes in your iSCPC connection.0 on page 28 to download the modified options file to the remote. the edited options file should be similar to the example in Figure 35. enc_static = 1 For an iNFINITI remote. Using iSite. Save the modified options file. follow the procedure in section 6. 10.

log on to the remote modem as Username: Admin. 3. In the Telnet window. In iSite. you can verify that the link is successfully carrying encrypted data by following the steps in this section. Enter the following command to verify that encryption is enabled on the remote: enc stats The following is sample output from an iNFINITI remote with AES encryption enabled: CurrentEncryptor = "AES_SW" CurrentEncryptorMode = "CFB" Encrypted = 12 Decrypted = 11 FailedToEncrypt = 0 FailedToDecrypt = 0 37 . Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu 2. 1.8. right click on the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Telnet from the menu.5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link Once you have enabled encryption on your iSCPC remotes. “iDirect” is the default Password. Perform these steps on both iSCPC remotes.

Figure 37 shows sample output of a successful ping command. Check the communication path by typing: ping <IP Address> where <IP Address> is the IP address of the peer remote. Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command 38 .PushThruRefused = 0 PushThruFailed = 0 Filtered = 0 4.

Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Settings and Statistics View from the menu. you must log on to reset statistics or to view events. However. On iNFINITI remotes. hdlc stats. Note 9.1) Satellite communications (Satcom) transmit and receive statistics (Beginning with release 7.0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Using iSite. statistics and events associated with your remote modems. In earlier releases.1. you can monitor the settings. and dma stats. On NetModems. you can view the following data on an iSCPC remote: Configuration and status details of the remote equipment Modem parameters associated with the remote’s modulator and demodulator Ethernet statistics (Beginning with release 7. enter the commands scpc and scc stats. You do not need to be logged on to iSite to view the various settings and statistics. The Ethernet statistics and Satcom statistics will not be available in iSite until iDS release 7. (Figure 38) 39 .1 Viewing Settings and Statistics The iSite Settings and Statistics screen has four tabs: Equipment Details Modem Parameters Ethernet Statistics Satcom Statistics Follow the procedure in this section to view the Settings and Statistics screen: 1. enter the following commands: eth.1) IP transmit and receive statistics Events generated by the remote This section explains how to use iSite to monitor these values.9. you can view these statistics from the command line as follows: Telnet to your remote. Specifically.

However. An overview of each tab is discussed below. You can also open the Settings and Statistics screen. depending on the selected screen type (configure or monitor). Note 40 . as well as the other monitor screens. from the Monitor menu in the iSite menu bar. it is important to note that the menu bar is context-sensitive. Click the tab you wish to view.Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu 2. The selection of available menus changes.

Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab Note If the Downstream SNR field displays -1. the receiver is not locked to a carrier. This tab displays status and configuration details about the remote modem.Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab The Equipment Details tab is shown in Figure 39. including operating temperature. The status information is updated in real time. transmit and receive lock. 41 . etc. receive Automatic Gain Control (AGC).

Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab The Modem Parameters tab is shown in Figure 40. This tab displays configuration details about the remote modem’s Modulator and Demodulator, as well as the Connection Data Source and Interface Type.

Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab

Note

The Data Source field in the Connection area of the screen indicates the source of the data transmitted by this remote.

42

Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab The Ethernet Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the LAN interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and interrupt statistics. The information shown on the Ethernet Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the IP Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Ethernet Statistics tab is shown in Figure 41.

Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab

43

Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab The Satcom Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the satellite interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and other (miscellaneous) statistics. The information shown on the Satcom Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the Satcom Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Satcom Statistics tab is shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab

44

(Figure 43) View from the Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu 45 .2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph iSite’s IP statistics graph displays IP traffic in both the transmit direction and the receive direction. beginning at the time that the screen is launched. To display the IP Statistics graph. By selecting display parameters. you can customize various aspects of the graph. The graph shows real-time data. such as the type of IP packets displayed and the time interval of the data. Right-click your iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select IP Stats menu.9. 1.

Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu 46 .) Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display 2. (See Figure 44. the IP Statistics graph is displayed with panes for both transmit and receive packets.By default. If you want to modify the display parameters. right-click anywhere in the graph area of the screen to view the context menu. and with all parameters enabled.

Minutes: Displays one hour of data. the receive traffic graph. Either select the display settings directly from the context menu. Activity: Allows you to select which IP traffic types to display. or select Parameters from the menu to show the parameters area of the screen as shown in Figure 46. or both. Hours: Displays 12 hours of data. Legend (context menu only): Displays a color-coded legend of the graph contents. or to show the total IP traffic as a single line on the graph. Direction: Allows you to view the transmit traffic graph. Properties (context menu only): Allows to you modify the default color settings. averaged over one minute. (See Figure 45. Parameters (context menu only): Displays the parameters section at the top of the screen.3. The parameter selections are discussed below. averaged over 10 minutes. Menu-only selections are indicated in parentheses below. Interval: Toggles the x-axis of the graph among the following selections: Seconds: Displays three minutes of data. 47 . Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area The selectable display options for the IP Statistics graph are listed here.) All others can be selected either from the context menu or from the parameters area of the screen. Some parameters are configurable only from the context menu. Units: Toggles the y-axis of the graph between kilobits per second (by selecting Bits) and kilobytes per second (by selecting Bytes).

You can view the events generated by an iSCPC remote as follows: 1.9.3 Viewing Remote Events iSCPC remotes generate events and warnings concerning various aspects of operation such as component failures. 2. etc. Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu 48 . Select Event View from the menu. loss of receive lock. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View.

2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your remote modem. Follow these steps to establish a console connection: 1. enter the command telnet 0 to connect to the iDirect application. you must first establish a console connection to the modem from your PC and log on to the iDirect application on the modem. log on to the root account. 4. Once you have saved the port setup. Connect a serial cable between the COM1 port of your PC or Laptop and the console port on the remote modem. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. If you are connected to an iNFINITI remote. In order to determine the IP address. The procedure for determining the IP address differs slightly between iNFINITI remotes and NetModems. A. follow the instructions in section A. 49 .Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address This appendix provides the procedure for determining the IP address of an iDirect remote modem. The default password is iDirect. If you are connected to a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.) 1. Launch a terminal emulator such as Tera Term or HyperTerminal and configure the serial connection with the settings shown in Figure 48: Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters 3. At the prompt. (See section A.1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem In order to determine the IP address of your remote you must first establish a console connection to the remote from your PC.1 for details. follow the instructions in section A.2 to determine the IP address of the modem. At the Linux prompt. press Enter a few times to generate a login prompt from the modem.3 to determine the IP address of the modem. 2. A.

255. enter the command laninfo. Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote A. Note the IP address and subnet mask.3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. (See section A.65 Netmask: 55. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect the remote modem using iSite. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect to the remote modem using iSite. At the command line prompt.2.) 50 . Note the IP address and subnet mask.255. Log on using the following username and password: Username: admin Password: iDirect 3.) The steps of this procedure are illustrated in Figure 49.4.0 2. (See Appendix B for details. (See Appendix B for details. Enter the command laninfo to view the IP address and subnet mask of your router. 4.) 1.168. This is sample output: > laninfo Address: 92.1 for details.

2. Click the Properties button to display the Local Area Connection properties sheet. This screen’s appearance varies in Windows 2000 and Windows XP. From your computer’s Control Panel. Launch the Local Area Connection Status dialog box (Figure 50) by double-clicking your LAN connection. double-click Network Connections. Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box 3. Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet 51 .Appendix B Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Establish IP connectivity to the remote modem from your laptop by modifying your IP address as follows: 1.

Once you have reconfigured the IP address on your PC or laptop. This enables you to connect using “telnet” or iSite.4. Enter the same Subnet mask that you retrieved from the remote modem using the laninfo command. 52 . Note For a local connection. d. Enter an IP address that is inside the range specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. Then click the Properties button to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box. select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). On the Local Area Connection properties sheet. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box: a. you do not need to specify DNS server addresses. you should have IP connectivity to the remote modem. Click OK to save your changes. Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box 5. c. b. Select Use the following IP address.

However. determine it by following the procedure in Appendix A. (“iDirect” is the default admin password. you can connect to your remote by creating an unknown element in the iSite Tree View and logging on to that element using the remote’s IP address.0] is added to the iSite tree. 53 .0.Appendix C Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled On startup. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. 3. 2.1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery If the iSite auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC. 4. Follow these steps: 1. the auto-discover feature does not always work reliably with PCs or laptops running Windows XP. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree and select Login from the menu.0. enter the IP Address of the remote and select Admin. iSite should automatically discover any iDirect modems to which it has IP connectivity. In the iSite Tree View. Click OK to log on. If you do not know the IP address of your remote. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0.) Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery 6. The appendix has the following sections: Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC C. Enter the Admin Password and click OK. 5. This appendix discusses methods for accessing your remotes using iSite if the auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC or laptop. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu.

Warning Warning A copy of your current registry should be saved prior to making any changes. PCs running Windows XP are generally configured to use IGMPv3. iDirect recommends that this change be tested in a controlled environment on an identical PC to verify that machines to be used in the field will not be affected. This can be accomplished using the File -> Export command in the Registry Editor. Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor 3. Click the Start button in your Windows Taskbar and select Run from the start menu. Follow these steps to modify your Windows Registry to use IGMPv2: 1. the iSite auto-discovery feature may not work reliably.2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC In order for the auto-discovery feature to work correctly. While PCs running Windows 2000 are generally configured to use IGMPv2. any Registry modifications can potentially affect the ability of other applications on your PC to execute correctly. Although iDirect is not currently aware of any issues associated with this change. enter the command regedit in the Open text box and click OK. in case you need to revert to the original settings. The procedure in this section details the steps required to reconfigure a PC using IGMPv3 to use IGMPv2.C. In the Registry Editor (Figure 55). iSite requires IGMPv2 messages. To start the Registry Editor. navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Tcpip/ 54 . This procedure requires you to modify your Windows Registry. Therefore. if your PC is running Windows XP. 2.

In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. enter the value 3. Under Tcpip. select Parameters. right-click IGMPVersion and select Modify from the menu to display the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor 5. The value 3 represents IGMP version 2. Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2 55 . Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor 6. In the Name column of the right-hand pane of the Registry Editor.4.

Note You may need to restart your PC or laptop for the registry change to take effect. 56 .7. Click OK to save the change.

Remote Data Rate 57 . Table 3: LNB Frequency Stability Requirements vs. The table below shows the frequency stability required at various data rates.Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received.

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