iSCPC User Guide

IDS Release 7.0 September 15, 2006

13865 Sunrise Valley Drive | Herndon, VA 20171 | +1 703.648.8000 | www.iDirect.net

Copyright © 2006 iDirect, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The specifications and information regarding the products in this manual are subject to change without notice. All statements, information, and recommendations in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express, or implied. Users must take full responsibility for their application of any products. Trademarks, brand names and products mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective owners. All such references are used strictly in an editorial fashion with no intent to convey any affiliation with the name or the product’s rightful owner.

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Contents
1.0 2.0 Procedure Overview........................................................................................... 1 Installing the iSCPC Software ........................................................................... 3

1.1 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................1

2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client ..............................................3 2.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software......................................................3 Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site .......................................................4 Installing Software from the a CD .....................................................................................4 2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem.........................................................5 Logging On to iSite............................................................................................................5 Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote................................................6 Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus............................8

3.0

Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite .......................................................... 11

3.1 Adding an Unknown Element ......................................................................................11 3.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration...............................................................................11 3.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab...................................13 Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties ........................................13 iSCPC Modulation Modes ...............................................................................................14 3.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote ..........................................................15

4.0

Configuring the Remote IP Addresses ........................................................... 17

4.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines ..................................................................17 4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information .....................................................................17 4.3 Examples .......................................................................................................................18 Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................18 Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled ................................................................19

5.0

Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters......................................... 22

5.1 Adding Service Levels..................................................................................................23 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels...................................................................................23 5.3 Adding Filter Rules .......................................................................................................25 5.4 Enabling SAR ................................................................................................................26

6.0

Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations ........................................... 28
Saving a Remote Options File to Disk ............................................................................28 Applying the iSCPC Configurations ................................................................................28

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........................................................................34 8.......42 Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab.........3 Viewing Remote Events................43 Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab .............................32 8......1 Viewing Settings and Statistics ..0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections ....7.........48 Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address ..........................................2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph ................37 9.......................................................................0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes .........1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem......................................................................................34 8.....................2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote............................................................................ 57 iv ...........................................................................................................................................3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus..................1 Determining the Transmit Power.............................49 A..........2 Generating an Encryption Key...............45 9..........................................34 8..........................................................................0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers........................ 39 Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ..............................................1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery.............................................................................................39 9....................................4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection... 51 Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled ........44 9.................................................................41 Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab ........53 C........................49 A.......................................................................50 Appendix B Appendix C Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address .................2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite ...................31 7......................3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format .......................1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility..........................5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link ......................................54 Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements ............................................. 31 7.................... 33 8......................................2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC ........................................33 8................ 49 A............. 53 C........

................................................................................................ 21 Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway.................................................. 7 Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box............................ 29 Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu....................................................................................................................................................... 9 Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box ....... 20 Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box........................ 26 Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu ....................... 8 Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu............... 21 Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic........................................................................................ 23 Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule ............. 34 Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite............................................ 24 Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule ............. 17 Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 20 Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 24 Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level..................................... 11 Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab............................ 29 Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 33 Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key ............................................................................................................................ 9 Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download .............................................................................................................................................. 18 Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 13 Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab ............................................... 6 Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu ..................Figures Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu.... 5 Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box............................................................................................ 22 Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level ...... 28 Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu...................................................................... 12 Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box ..................... 11 Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu....................... 6 Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download ........................................................................................................................................................ 35 Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite ...................... 36 v ...................... 25 Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote ........... 19 Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route .......................................................................................... 10 Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree............................... 30 Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite .................................. 32 Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site ......................... 35 Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption.....................................................................

........................................... 46 Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area.............................................................................................................. 44 Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu ........................... 49 Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote ................................................................................................................................................ 48 Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters .........................Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu .................................................................................. 54 Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor ............................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor.................................................. 41 Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab....................... 50 Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box......... 52 Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery....... 51 Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet.................................................................................................................................................... 37 Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command .................................. 45 Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display . 55 vi ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 38 Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu...................................................................................................................................................... 40 Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ........................................................................ 55 Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2........................................................................ 53 Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor......................................................................................................................................................... 43 Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab...................... 46 Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu.............................. 51 Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box......................................................................................... 42 Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab ............................ 47 Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu..............

Please read this entire document before building your iSCPC network.0 Procedure Overview This document contains the procedure for using iSite to create point-to-point. In the procedure. 1 . and connect them over a satellite link.1. SCPC connections between iDirect remote modems. configure them with the appropriate parameters. Obtained the frequency assignments from the satellite provider Obtained the operating specifications for the BUC and the LNB Built the antenna and installed the IFL cable Pointed the antenna and verified the polarization (if appropriate) with the satellite provider For details on the final two items in the above list. you will create two new remotes in your network. Appendix D shows the frequency stability required at various data rates.1 Assumptions The procedure assumes that you have: Obtained the completed link budget Installed the proper equipment to meet the link budget requirements Note The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. see the iDirect Remote Installation and Commissioning Guide. The document contains the following major sections and appendices: Installing the iSCPC Software Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite Configuring the Remote IP Addresses Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Determining Your Remote’s IP Address Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled LNB Frequency Stability Requirements 1.

This document contains the procedure for creating iSCPC connections using iSite. For details on configuring an iSCPC connection between a remote and an iSCPC line card.0.0. Note 2 . you can also establish iSCPC connections between remotes and iSCPC line cards located at the hub using iBuilder. see the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7.Warning Do not connect the transmit IFL cable to the remote modem until you are instructed to do so in the commissioning section of this document. Beginning with iDS Release 7.

with three subfolders. containing the iSCPC software for each iDirect modem type: • • iNFINITI NetModem II 3 . You can download the files directly to the client PC. In the dialog box. 4.net/. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. 3. The following sections provide the procedures for each case.2. 2. Once you have successfully installed the files on your PC. depending on whether you have downloaded the software from the iDirect TAC web site directly to the client PC. To download the iSCPC software from the TAC web site. or you have created a copy on CD.iDirect. follow these steps: 1. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. select Save to Disk and click OK.iDirect. 2. 2. It also contains the procedure for downloading the iSCPC software from your PC to your NetModem or iNFINITI remotes.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software The steps for installing the software package on your PC differ slightly.0 Installing the iSCPC Software This section describes the steps for obtaining and installing the iDirect iSCPC modem software and related application software on a PC running Windows. or you can download the files to any PC and copy them to an installation CD. they will be organized into the following folders: A folder containing iSCPC documents and tools A folder.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client You can download the iSCPC modem software and iSite GUI client from the iDirect Technical Assistance (TAC) web site at http://tac. Click the link for the iSCPC release you want to install.

com/). For example. 2. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar.com/). Copy the ZIP archive file to the location on the client PC into which you want to extract the files.winzip. 4 .0. To make it convenient to start iSite.pkware.info-zip.winzip. 3. Follow these steps to complete the installation: 1.zip format.0. and PKZIP (http://www. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. 5.org/).org/).pkware. Installing Software from the a CD Follow these steps if you want to install the iSCPC package from a CD: 1. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number.zip. all files will be contained in a single ZIP archive file on your PC.• NetModem II Plus A folder containing the iSite client software Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site Once you have downloaded the software from the TAC web site. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. where <version> is the iDirect release number. where <version> is the iDirect release number.com/). To make it convenient to start iSite. WinZip (http://www.zip.1. Select the file iSCPC-<version>. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www.info-zip. Open the CD drive and navigate to the CD folder containing the file iSCPC<version>.zip and extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . and PKZIP (http://www. Insert the CD into the CD drive of your PC. 3.1. (The ZIP file will be named iSCPC-<version>. Extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . For example. Copy the ZIP archive file to the directory into which you want to extract the files. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7.) 2.zip format. WinZip (http://www.com/). among others. 4. among others.

depending on whether you have NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. Note 5. (If you are connecting to a 5000 Series or 7000 Series iNFINITI remote.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem The procedures in this section explain how to log on to iSite and download the iSCPC software images to your remote modems. see Appendix C on page 53 for alternate methods of logging on to the remote. (Or navigate to the directory in which you stored the iSite application and double-click iSite.) Assuming that you have IP connectivity between the NetModem and your PC. 2. iSite should automatically discover the modem and display it in the iSite Tree View.) 4. 1. If iSite does not discover your remote modem. Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu 5 . connect a straight-through LAN cable to any of the eight LAN B ports. The steps for downloading the software vary slightly. 3. Log on to the remote using iSite as follows: a. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. Logging On to iSite Follow these steps to log on to your remote modem using iSite. Auto-discovery does not work reliably in all versions of the Windows operating system. Right-click the remote in the iSite Tree View (Figure 1) and select Login to display the Login dialog box (Figure 2).2. Start iSite by opening the shortcut that you created earlier. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable.

Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Package from the menu to display the Download Package dialog box.b. Then enter the Admin Password and click OK. (“iDirect” is the default Admin password. If you have NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. 1. Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to download the executable images to an iDirect iNFINITI remote. If you have an iNFINITI remote. select Admin. Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu 6 . (See Figure 5). If you have a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus modem. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. follow the steps in the next section. Click OK to log on. follow the procedure in the next section to download the software from your PC to the remote modem.) Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box c. please skip to the section “Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus” on page 8.

By default. 5. where <version #> is the iDirect release number. select Don’t reset.2. Click the Start button to begin the download. b. In the Configurations area. Select the following options in the Download Package dialog box: a. In the Open dialog box. In the Open dialog box. the iNFINITI software package is installed on your PC in the following folder: NetModem-<version #>/Images/Remote_iNFINITI. The file names for all files to be downloaded are displayed in the Contents area of the dialog box. In the Reset area. In the Image Version Check area. select Don’t check versions. Click the Open button in the Download Package dialog box to display the Open dialog box (Figure 4). c. 4. double-click the . 7 . Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download 3. select Download images only. navigate to the folder that contains the iNFINITI software package.pkg file to select the package for download and return to the Download Package dialog box.

Close the Download Package dialog box when the word Done is displayed.) 8 . indicating that the package download is complete.Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box 6. If you have iNFINITI remotes. 1. Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus Follow these steps to download the executable images to an iDirect NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. 7. Monitor the progress of the download in the Information area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Images from the menu to display the Download Command Center dialog box. follow the steps in the previous section. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. (See Figure 8.

4. Click the Download button to begin the download. In the Open dialog box. Click the Select button in the Download Command Center dialog box (Figure 8) to display the Open dialog box. In the Open dialog box. When you select the .ldr file to select the images for download and return to the Download Command Center dialog box. double-click the . the correct set of images will automatically be selected for download. Select DEFRAGMENT in the Download Command Center dialog box. 5.ldr file. these images are installed on your PC in the following folders: NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_NM2 NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_2Plus Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download 3.Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu 2. By default. navigate to the folder that contains the NetModem software images for your NetModem or NetModem II Plus. 9 .

Close the Download Command Center dialog box when the word Completed is displayed. Monitor the progress of the download in the Status area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. indicating that the image download is complete. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time.Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box 6. 7. 10 . The reset will be performed later in this procedure.

In the Tree View. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree. You will need to configure these parameters on each of the two remotes in the circuit.0. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu.1 Adding an Unknown Element Add a new element in iSite as follows: 1. 3. 2.3.) Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu 11 .0.) Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree 3.0 Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite This section explains how to use iSite to configure an iSCPC connection between two remotes.) 2.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration Follow these steps to create the iSCPC element in the Tree View: 1. (See Figure 9. Select Create Configuration iSCPC to display the iSCPC Configuration dialog box Information tab. Launch iSite. (See Figure 11. (Do not log on at this point.0] is added to the iSite tree.

Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab 12 .

c. Click on the ellipsis button (…) beside the password text box for the password you want to change. 13 . 2. Select any options (such as Link Encryption or Compression types) that you want to apply to your iSCPC connection. entered in kbps. This setting will be adjusted during the commissioning procedure. using the guidelines in the next section. Transmit Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Transmit L-Band Frequency = RF Uplink Center Frequency – BUC Translation Frequency BUC Translation Frequency: Determined by the operational parameters of the BUC. b. Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties Use these guidelines when entering the iSCPC transmit and receive properties. (For details on configuring your iSCPC connection for Link Encryption. Enter the Serial Number of your remote modem.) 5. 3. 1.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab Once you have created the iSCPC element in the Tree View. If you want to change the User Password or the Admin Password for the remote: a. Click OK to save the password and return to the main dialog box. Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box 4. see “Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections” on page 33. enter and confirm the new password. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. entered in MHz Transmit Power: Enter a transmit power of –25 dBm. In the Change Password dialog box (Figure 12). follow these steps to configure the parameters on the remote Information tab.3. Enter the Transmit and Receive properties. Select the Model Type of your remote modem.

Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the LNB and downconverter. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the LNB.Modulation: Select a modulation type. FEC Blocks per frame: Select a frame length that is as close as possible to 125 ms. entered in kbps. entered in MHz. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. This is the only available selection. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the BUC. Earlier releases support a subset of these services. This is the only available selection. entered in MHz. Modulation: Select a modulation type. IDR.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. When configuring your iSCPC connections.) Scrambling: Select the default. (See Table 1 for options. FEC Blocks per Frame: Enter the same value as configured for the transmit properties of the peer remote. IDR. (See Table 1 for options. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options.0. Receive Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Receive L-Band Frequency = RF Downlink Center Frequency – LNB Translation Frequency LNB Translation Freq: Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. iSite limits your selections of Modulation and Error Correction parameters to those supported on your modem for your release. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the BUC. LNB Stability (+/-): Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB.) Scrambling: Select the default. iSCPC Modulation Modes Table 1 shows the iSCPC FEC rates and modulation modes supported for each iDirect modem type in iDirect release 7. 14 . ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the BUC.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the LNB.

7000 Series II+ 5000 Series. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.1 through 3.431 . and always slightly less than the numbers indicated in the table. The diagram on the next page will help you to determine the correct parameters.879 Hardware Support 5000 Series. 15 . 7300 Series BPSK Yes Yes X Yes X Yes QPSK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8PSK X X X Yes X Yes Block Size 1K 4K 4K 16K Payload § Bytes 53 66 251 404 1800 § SCPC channel framing uses a modified HDLC header.0 iSCPC Links iSCPC FEC . 7000 Series 5000 Series. The actual payload is variable.533 .4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote Repeat the steps in sections 3. 3.3 to create and configure the second remote in the iSCPC connection.495 . which requires bit-stuffing to prevent false end-of-frame detection.Table 1: iSCPC Modulation Modes Modulation Mode 7.793 .

Remote A RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L -Band Satell ite Remote B RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Downlink Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L-Band Satellite ____________ NetModem A NetModem B Remote A RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Down Link Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L -Band Remote B RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L .Band Remote A BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote A LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ 16 .

Enter the SAT0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information 1.) Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab 2. 17 . Enter the ETH0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask for the default VLAN. (See Figure 13. do one of the following: a. Click the IP Configuration tab. Enable RIP routing by selecting Enable RIPv2. You must enable RIP on ETH0 for both remotes. 3. Sat0 must not be within either of the networks used on either Eth0. 4. (See the examples in the next section for the steps required for these operations. Note The IP addressing should be planned such that the SAT0 interfaces on both of the iSCPC remotes are in the same subnet. 4.0 Configuring the Remote IP Addresses This section provides guidelines and procedures for configuring the IP addresses on the remotes in your iSCPC connection. RIP on Eth0 must be enabled in both remotes or static routes must be in place to direct traffic.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines Follow these guidelines when configuring the IP addressing information for each remote: Eth0 of remote A cannot be within the same network as the Eth0 of remote B.) Therefore.) 4. Sat0 of remote A must be within the same network as the Sat0 of remote B. (See the examples beginning on 18. or static routes must be in place to direct traffic.4.

1.168. 2. Select the IP Configuration tab.0. Repeat these steps for the peer remote. using the second set of addresses in Table 2. Table 2: IP Addressing Schemes for Examples A and B Remote Remote A Remote B Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled Eth0 Addresses 192. Remote B should be configured in a similar manner. 4.Or b.2 / 24 To configure the iSCPC connection using RIPv2: 1. 5.1 / 24 Sat0 Addresses 10. Select the Enable RIPv2 check box for both the Eth0 Interface and the Sat0 Interface. In the ETH0 Interface section. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote.0. Add Static Route on each remote with the gateway pointing to the SAT0 interface on the peer remote. 4. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled 18 .0. the remotes are configured with the IP Addresses shown in Table 2.1 / 24 192.1 / 24 10.0.2. In the examples. 3. Figure 14 shows the configuration for Remote A. In the SAT0 Interface section.168.3 Examples These examples in this section illustrate how to configure your remotes with RIPv2 enabled (Example 1) and how to configure your remotes using static routes with RIPv2 disabled (Example 2).

4. select Sat0. 10. In the ETH0 Interface section. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. 6. enter the range of addresses that you want to forward to the peer remote over the satellite. 9. Click OK. In Interface. Figure 16 shows the IP Configuration tab on Remote A after adding the IP addressing information and the static route. Figure 15 illustrates adding the static route to Remote A. 8. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. enter the peer remote’s Sat0 interface. Enter the Subnet Mask. Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box 19 .Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled To configure the iSCPC connection with RIPv2 disabled using static routes: 1. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. In the SAT0 Interface section. Since there is only one static route. Select the IP Configuration tab. Open the Add Static Route or Edit Static Route dialog box for the remote by clicking the Add or Edit button in the Static Routes section of the dialog box. 7. In Gateway. In the IP Address text box. 5. 3. 2.

2) using its own Sat0 interface. Remote B’s Sat0 is programmed by default to send those packets to remote B’s Eth0. Figure 17 shows the addition of gateway 192. In the Static Routes area. select the default route and click the Edit button to display the Edit Static Route dialog box.0. if Remote A receives a packet on its Eth0 interface destined for the 192. if a packet is destined for the IP Address. then default routing is not sufficient to forward traffic received on the sat0 interface to the router on the LAN. A common configuration includes a gateway router at one site to handle traffic on a customer network. If a site is configured with a gateway. Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway To add a static route that will forward the satellite traffic to the gateway over the LAN interface.2. it will forward the packet to Remote B’s Sat0 Gateway (10. (Figure 18) 20 . Thus.1. the remote will forward it to the Gateway through the configured Interface. in the example.0/24 network.168.2 to the configuration in Figure 16.168.0. follow these additional steps: 1.Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route Looking at the static route configured in Figure 16.

5. 3. enter the IP address of the gateway.Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box 2. With the addition of the new static route. select Eth0. 21 . Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway Figure 19 shows the addition of the static route for the LAN gateway. Note that selecting Eth0 in the Edit Static Route dialog box results in ixp1 in the Interface column for the static route. 4.2 on the eth0 interface.168. any packet that the remote receives on its sat0 interface will be routed to the gateway with IP address 192. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. In Interface. Click OK. In Gateway. Since there is only one static route.1.

Filter and Data Rate (Figure 20).0 Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the classification and prioritization of IP traffic in order to optimize the delivery of packets based on various criteria such as traffic type. you will see three additional sub-tabs at the bottom of the screen labeled Traffic. voice packets require minimal latency and jitter. etc. Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic 22 . Configuring QoS parameters to allow voice packets to be sent at a higher priority than data packets can improve the QoS of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic. you can configure service levels and filters that control the QoS of the traffic on your iSCPC link.0. source and destination IP addresses. When you click the QoS tab for your iSCPC connection.5. Attributes of a connection that affect QoS include throughput. Selecting a sub-tab allows you to define the parameters for each category. latency. For a detailed discussion of iDirect QoS principals see the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. among others. jitter and packet loss. Using the QoS tab. For example.

) 5. that Service Level is displayed in the Rules area of the dialog box. follow these steps: 1. Enter the remaining QoS parameters for your Service Level as required.5. Select the Service Level in the Rules area of the QoS Traffic sub-tab and click the Add button to display the Add Rule dialog box (Figure 23). Select the Traffic sub-tab of the QoS tab. You can add rules to the Service Level as follows: 1. see the section “Adding a Service Level” in the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. 23 . 5.1 Adding Service Levels To define a Service Level on the QoS tab. Enter a Level Name for the service level.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels Once you’ve defined a Service Level. 2. Click the Add button in the Service Levels area of the screen to display the Add Service Level dialog box (Figure 21). 3. (For descriptions of the various Service Level parameters. Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level 4.0. Click the Edit button at the bottom of the dialog box to enable editing.

In the Add Rule dialog box. 24 . Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen.Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level 2. define the rule for this Service Level by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule.

2. click the Add button to display the Add Filter dialog box (Figure 24). To add these rules: 1.3. 25 . At the bottom of the QoS tab. click OK to save your changes. click OK to save your changes. 5.3 Adding Filter Rules In addition to the rules associated with your Service Levels. When you are finished defining the rule. Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule 3. 4. you can also add Filter rules that are applied independently of the Service Levels. In the Add Filter dialog box. select the Filter sub-tab. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. define the rule by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. When you are finished defining the rule. In the QoS Filter sub-tab.

You can enable SAR and define a SAR segment size on the Data Rate sub-tab of the QoS tab. see the chapter titled “QoS Implementation Principals” in the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. 2. Click the Data Rate sub-tab at the bottom of the QoS tab. Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote Note The remaining fields on this tab are not applicable to iSCPC connections. In the SAR area of the screen.4 Enabling SAR By default. 26 .5. Enter a Segment Size. 3. select the check box to the left of Segment Size to enable SAR. For more on SAR. Follow these steps to enable SAR and set the segment length: 1. Segment Assembly and Reassembly (SAR) is not enabled on your iSCPC remotes.0.

used by the Look Angle Calculator.Note You do not need to configure the parameters on the Geo Location tab. are not required for iSCPC operation. Geo Location dialog parameters. 27 .

Your subnet mask must match the remote’s subnet mask. 1. please follow the procedure in section 2. Your computer must be connected directly to the remote via a LAN crossover cable.0 Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations This section explains how to save your remote options files to disk and how to download the options files to your iSCPC remotes. Follow the steps in this section to apply the iSCPC configurations to your remote modems. (For details.6. To load the configuration from a saved Options file. 2. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. Before you can apply the iSCPC configuration to a remote. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu 2. you can save the remote options file to your hard disk as follows: 1. If not. 4. Enter a file name and click the Save button.) 5. Saving a Remote Options File to Disk When you have finished entering the remote configuration parameters. Applying the iSCPC Configurations Follow this procedure to load the remote modems with the iSCPC parameters that you entered previously. 28 . the following conditions must exist: Your computer’s IP address must be in the range of addresses specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. you must first establish IP connectivity to that remote from your PC or laptop computer.0 on page 3 before you execute the steps in this section. Log on to the remote using iSite. 3. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. To apply the iSCPC configuration using iSite. right-click on the remote in the Tree View and select Load Configuration From File. In the Save As dialog box. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. The procedure assumes that you have already downloaded the iSCPC software to the remote modems. see “Logging On to iSite” on page 5. or indirectly via an external switch or router.

Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 6. navigate to the folder in which you stored the remote options file. Then double-click the options file you want to apply to this remote. In the Open dialog box. Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 29 .

7. right-click the remote and select Apply Configuration to Remote. Then click Reset Now. you are ready to commission the SCPC carriers with your Satellite Provider. 30 . Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration After you have applied both configurations and reset the remotes. This is described in the following section. In the Tree View.

7. 8. The command has the following syntax: tx freq <fx> where <fx> is the L-band frequency in MHz. tx cw enable b. 6. Ensure that your remote is powered off before connecting the transmit cable to the remote. Apply power to the remote modems when instructed by the satellite provider to bring up the carrier.0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Review the remotes’ configurations to ensure that the L-Band frequencies and the ODU parameters are correct for the BUC and the LNB Follow the appropriate satellite provider access procedures and contact your Satellite Provider to commission the carrier. you can turn it off by typing: tx cw off To force the remote to transmit a modulated carrier instead of a CW carrier. Warning 3.1 Determining the Transmit Power Work with your satellite provider to commission the carriers as follows: 1. Disconnect the power to the remote modems. Connect the transmit IFL cable to the modems. If you are required to transmit at a frequency other than the operational frequency. If using a CW carrier. 4.<XX. Note Begin with a low transmit power.X> where XX. The range of transmit power for iDirect remotes is from -35 dBm to +7 dBm. As preparation for carrier commissioning: 7. increasing the power gradually until the desired level is reached. tx cw on 7. Log on to the remote through the console port 5. 31 .X represents the increase or decrease in power. The remote must be powered off whenever the transmit or receive cables are connected or removed. If a CW carrier is required. enter the following commands: a. reset the remote. Enter the following command to adjust the transmit power of the remote: Tx Power +/. 2. use the tx freq command to change to the new frequency.

For each remote: 1. In iSite. 32 .7.) Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite 2.0 on page 22 to apply the new configurations and reset the modems. Receive lock should now be achieved by both remotes and your iSCPC connection should be operational. Follow the procedure in section 5. you must update the transmit power in the iSite remote configuration.2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite After the proper carrier level has been established through the console port on both remotes. (See Figure 30. update the Transmit Power in the Transmit Properties section of the Information tab to match the power determined during the commissioning procedure.

This will replace keygen. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. Using a utility such as WinSCP. copy keygen.bz2. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac.1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility You must have a valid encryption key in the iDirect format before you can enable encryption for your iSCPC link. To enable encryption. 5. Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site 4. 3. Only static keys are currently supported. 2. Click the KEYGEN link and select Save to Disk in the dialog box to download keygen. 8. Enter the following command to unzip keygen. Note For iNFINITI remotes. You can download keygen from the TAC web site by following these steps: 1.iDirect.bz2 to your PC or laptop.bz2 from your PC or laptop to the directory on the Linux-based machine in which you plan to run keygen. The iDirect keygen utility is a Linux-based executable file that you can load on any Linux-based computer to generate new keys or to convert existing keys to iDirect format. 5350 and 7350 models. 6.bz2 with the keygen file. Log on to the Linux-based machine and change to the directory containing the zip file keygen.bz2 7. link encryption is only available on the 5150.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. you must add the encryption key to the options file of each remote in the connection and download the options files to the remotes.8. Changing keys requires you to edit and reload the options files.bz2. bunzip2 keygen.0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections iDirect supports the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for iSCPC connections between iNFINITI remotes and Triple DES encryption for iSCPC connections between NetModems. Enter the following command to make keygen an executable file: chmod a+x keygen You can now use keygen to generate new encryption keys in the iDirect format or to convert existing binary keys to the iDirect format 33 .

However.3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format Keygen generates new keys in the format required by the iDirect system. 8. Log on to the Linux-based machine on which keygen is installed.3 for instructions on how to convert it to the iDirect format. Enter the following command to generate an encryption key in iDirect format: keygen -<key type> -gen where <key type> is 3des or aes. 2. Log on to the Linux-based computer on which keygen is installed. To perform the conversion. If you already have a valid binary key. Figure 32 shows the command to generate an AES encryption key to a file named key. Follow these steps to convert an existing binary key to the iDirect format: 1.4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection Follow these steps for each remote in the iSCPC connection to enable encryption on the SCPC link: 34 . 3.8. see section 8. Copy the file containing the binary key to the Linux-based machine. Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key Note To view the keygen command usage. enter keygen with no qualifiers. you must execute keygen to convert it to the iDirect format. if you obtain a binary key from another source.2 Generating an Encryption Key Follow these steps to generate a new encryption key in the iDirect format. 2. 1.txt and the resulting key. Enter the following command to perform the conversion: keygen -<key type> -file <filename> where <key type> is 3des or aes and <filename> is the name of the file containing the binary key. 8. keygen requires the binary key to be contained in an input file.

(See instructions on page 5 for logging on to iSite. Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite 8. 3. (Do not apply the changes at this time. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As.) Once you log on. In the Save As dialog box. Edit the remote options file as follows: a. 7. Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite 4.1. Log on to your iSCPC remote using iSite. Add the lines: enc_key = <Key> where <Key> is the key you generated using keygen. Open the remote options file with Notepad or another text editor. the iSCPC Configuration Information tab will be displayed automatically. Scroll to the bottom of the screen and click the Edit button. Figure 34 contains an example of this section of an options file after Link Encryption has been selected in iSite. 2. 5. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. Delete the lines: enc_algorithm = dynamic enc_algorithm_mode = dynamic b. Enter a file name and click the Save button. Select the Link Encryption check box (Figure 33).) 6. 35 . Scroll down in the options file until you see the [ENC] section.

enc_algorithm should be set to 3DES and enc_algorithm_mode should be set to CBC.) Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption 9. follow the procedure in section 6. Save the modified options file. the edited options file should be similar to the example in Figure 35. Link encryption will take efffect on the iSCPC link after you have downloaded the modified options files to both remotes in your iSCPC connection. (For a NetModem.0 on page 28 to download the modified options file to the remote. 10. enc_algorithm_mode = <Mode> where <Mode> = CFB for iNFINITI remotes or CBC for NetModems. enc_static = 1 For an iNFINITI remote. 36 .enc_algorithm = <Type> where <Type> = AES for iNFINITI remotes or 3DES for NetModems. Using iSite.

In the Telnet window. In iSite.8. Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu 2. log on to the remote modem as Username: Admin. right click on the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Telnet from the menu. 3.5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link Once you have enabled encryption on your iSCPC remotes. Perform these steps on both iSCPC remotes. Enter the following command to verify that encryption is enabled on the remote: enc stats The following is sample output from an iNFINITI remote with AES encryption enabled: CurrentEncryptor = "AES_SW" CurrentEncryptorMode = "CFB" Encrypted = 12 Decrypted = 11 FailedToEncrypt = 0 FailedToDecrypt = 0 37 . “iDirect” is the default Password. you can verify that the link is successfully carrying encrypted data by following the steps in this section. 1.

Check the communication path by typing: ping <IP Address> where <IP Address> is the IP address of the peer remote.PushThruRefused = 0 PushThruFailed = 0 Filtered = 0 4. Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command 38 . Figure 37 shows sample output of a successful ping command.

1) Satellite communications (Satcom) transmit and receive statistics (Beginning with release 7. You do not need to be logged on to iSite to view the various settings and statistics. you can view the following data on an iSCPC remote: Configuration and status details of the remote equipment Modem parameters associated with the remote’s modulator and demodulator Ethernet statistics (Beginning with release 7.0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Using iSite. On iNFINITI remotes. The Ethernet statistics and Satcom statistics will not be available in iSite until iDS release 7.9. hdlc stats. you can view these statistics from the command line as follows: Telnet to your remote. enter the following commands: eth. statistics and events associated with your remote modems. Note 9. Specifically. (Figure 38) 39 . In earlier releases. you must log on to reset statistics or to view events.1 Viewing Settings and Statistics The iSite Settings and Statistics screen has four tabs: Equipment Details Modem Parameters Ethernet Statistics Satcom Statistics Follow the procedure in this section to view the Settings and Statistics screen: 1. On NetModems.1) IP transmit and receive statistics Events generated by the remote This section explains how to use iSite to monitor these values. you can monitor the settings. and dma stats. However. enter the commands scpc and scc stats. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Settings and Statistics View from the menu.1.

Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu 2. However. it is important to note that the menu bar is context-sensitive. Click the tab you wish to view. The selection of available menus changes. Note 40 . You can also open the Settings and Statistics screen. depending on the selected screen type (configure or monitor). An overview of each tab is discussed below. as well as the other monitor screens. from the Monitor menu in the iSite menu bar.

The status information is updated in real time. transmit and receive lock. including operating temperature. This tab displays status and configuration details about the remote modem. Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab Note If the Downstream SNR field displays -1. receive Automatic Gain Control (AGC).Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab The Equipment Details tab is shown in Figure 39. 41 . the receiver is not locked to a carrier. etc.

Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab The Modem Parameters tab is shown in Figure 40. This tab displays configuration details about the remote modem’s Modulator and Demodulator, as well as the Connection Data Source and Interface Type.

Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab

Note

The Data Source field in the Connection area of the screen indicates the source of the data transmitted by this remote.

42

Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab The Ethernet Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the LAN interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and interrupt statistics. The information shown on the Ethernet Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the IP Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Ethernet Statistics tab is shown in Figure 41.

Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab

43

Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab The Satcom Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the satellite interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and other (miscellaneous) statistics. The information shown on the Satcom Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the Satcom Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Satcom Statistics tab is shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab

44

beginning at the time that the screen is launched. 1.9. The graph shows real-time data. By selecting display parameters. you can customize various aspects of the graph. To display the IP Statistics graph. Right-click your iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select IP Stats menu. (Figure 43) View from the Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu 45 . such as the type of IP packets displayed and the time interval of the data.2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph iSite’s IP statistics graph displays IP traffic in both the transmit direction and the receive direction.

If you want to modify the display parameters. and with all parameters enabled. right-click anywhere in the graph area of the screen to view the context menu. Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu 46 .By default.) Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display 2. (See Figure 44. the IP Statistics graph is displayed with panes for both transmit and receive packets.

Legend (context menu only): Displays a color-coded legend of the graph contents. or select Parameters from the menu to show the parameters area of the screen as shown in Figure 46. averaged over one minute.3. Direction: Allows you to view the transmit traffic graph. Parameters (context menu only): Displays the parameters section at the top of the screen. Interval: Toggles the x-axis of the graph among the following selections: Seconds: Displays three minutes of data. averaged over 10 minutes. (See Figure 45. 47 . Hours: Displays 12 hours of data. Some parameters are configurable only from the context menu. Activity: Allows you to select which IP traffic types to display. or both. Units: Toggles the y-axis of the graph between kilobits per second (by selecting Bits) and kilobytes per second (by selecting Bytes). or to show the total IP traffic as a single line on the graph. Minutes: Displays one hour of data. the receive traffic graph. Either select the display settings directly from the context menu.) All others can be selected either from the context menu or from the parameters area of the screen. Menu-only selections are indicated in parentheses below. Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area The selectable display options for the IP Statistics graph are listed here. The parameter selections are discussed below. Properties (context menu only): Allows to you modify the default color settings.

etc. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View. loss of receive lock. Select Event View from the menu.9.3 Viewing Remote Events iSCPC remotes generate events and warnings concerning various aspects of operation such as component failures. You can view the events generated by an iSCPC remote as follows: 1. Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu 48 . 2.

follow the instructions in section A. 4. you must first establish a console connection to the modem from your PC and log on to the iDirect application on the modem. 2. log on to the root account.3 to determine the IP address of the modem. Follow these steps to establish a console connection: 1.Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address This appendix provides the procedure for determining the IP address of an iDirect remote modem. Once you have saved the port setup.1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem In order to determine the IP address of your remote you must first establish a console connection to the remote from your PC.) 1. enter the command telnet 0 to connect to the iDirect application. A.1 for details. (See section A. At the Linux prompt. A.2 to determine the IP address of the modem. If you are connected to an iNFINITI remote. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. press Enter a few times to generate a login prompt from the modem. If you are connected to a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. The default password is iDirect. Launch a terminal emulator such as Tera Term or HyperTerminal and configure the serial connection with the settings shown in Figure 48: Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters 3. 49 . The procedure for determining the IP address differs slightly between iNFINITI remotes and NetModems.2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your remote modem. follow the instructions in section A. Connect a serial cable between the COM1 port of your PC or Laptop and the console port on the remote modem. At the prompt. In order to determine the IP address.

This is sample output: > laninfo Address: 92. (See Appendix B for details. (See section A. (See Appendix B for details.4.) 1.65 Netmask: 55. Note the IP address and subnet mask.168.1 for details.255. enter the command laninfo.) The steps of this procedure are illustrated in Figure 49.3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect to the remote modem using iSite.255. Note the IP address and subnet mask. Enter the command laninfo to view the IP address and subnet mask of your router.) 50 . The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. Log on using the following username and password: Username: admin Password: iDirect 3. At the command line prompt.0 2. 4. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect the remote modem using iSite.2. Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote A.

Launch the Local Area Connection Status dialog box (Figure 50) by double-clicking your LAN connection. Click the Properties button to display the Local Area Connection properties sheet.Appendix B Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Establish IP connectivity to the remote modem from your laptop by modifying your IP address as follows: 1. From your computer’s Control Panel. Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box 3. double-click Network Connections. Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet 51 . 2. This screen’s appearance varies in Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

On the Local Area Connection properties sheet. Once you have reconfigured the IP address on your PC or laptop. Enter an IP address that is inside the range specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. Enter the same Subnet mask that you retrieved from the remote modem using the laninfo command. d. c. Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box 5. select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). b. This enables you to connect using “telnet” or iSite. Click OK to save your changes. Select Use the following IP address. Note For a local connection.4. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box: a. you should have IP connectivity to the remote modem. Then click the Properties button to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box. 52 . you do not need to specify DNS server addresses.

A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0.0] is added to the iSite tree. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree and select Login from the menu.Appendix C Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled On startup. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. iSite should automatically discover any iDirect modems to which it has IP connectivity. However.0. 5. If you do not know the IP address of your remote. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. enter the IP Address of the remote and select Admin. 2. 53 . The appendix has the following sections: Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC C.0. This appendix discusses methods for accessing your remotes using iSite if the auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC or laptop. In the iSite Tree View. Follow these steps: 1.1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery If the iSite auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC. the auto-discover feature does not always work reliably with PCs or laptops running Windows XP. (“iDirect” is the default admin password. Enter the Admin Password and click OK. determine it by following the procedure in Appendix A. Click OK to log on.) Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery 6. you can connect to your remote by creating an unknown element in the iSite Tree View and logging on to that element using the remote’s IP address. 4. 3.

the iSite auto-discovery feature may not work reliably. Although iDirect is not currently aware of any issues associated with this change. any Registry modifications can potentially affect the ability of other applications on your PC to execute correctly. This can be accomplished using the File -> Export command in the Registry Editor. if your PC is running Windows XP. To start the Registry Editor. While PCs running Windows 2000 are generally configured to use IGMPv2.C. Therefore. enter the command regedit in the Open text box and click OK. This procedure requires you to modify your Windows Registry. 2. PCs running Windows XP are generally configured to use IGMPv3. The procedure in this section details the steps required to reconfigure a PC using IGMPv3 to use IGMPv2. Follow these steps to modify your Windows Registry to use IGMPv2: 1. navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Tcpip/ 54 .2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC In order for the auto-discovery feature to work correctly. iSite requires IGMPv2 messages. In the Registry Editor (Figure 55). iDirect recommends that this change be tested in a controlled environment on an identical PC to verify that machines to be used in the field will not be affected. Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor 3. Click the Start button in your Windows Taskbar and select Run from the start menu. in case you need to revert to the original settings. Warning Warning A copy of your current registry should be saved prior to making any changes.

4. select Parameters. Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2 55 . Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor 6. In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. The value 3 represents IGMP version 2. In the Name column of the right-hand pane of the Registry Editor. Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor 5. enter the value 3. right-click IGMPVersion and select Modify from the menu to display the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. Under Tcpip.

Note You may need to restart your PC or laptop for the registry change to take effect. 56 . Click OK to save the change.7.

Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. The table below shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. Table 3: LNB Frequency Stability Requirements vs. Remote Data Rate 57 .

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