iSCPC User Guide

IDS Release 7.0 September 15, 2006

13865 Sunrise Valley Drive | Herndon, VA 20171 | +1 703.648.8000 | www.iDirect.net

Copyright © 2006 iDirect, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The specifications and information regarding the products in this manual are subject to change without notice. All statements, information, and recommendations in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express, or implied. Users must take full responsibility for their application of any products. Trademarks, brand names and products mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective owners. All such references are used strictly in an editorial fashion with no intent to convey any affiliation with the name or the product’s rightful owner.

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Contents
1.0 2.0 Procedure Overview........................................................................................... 1 Installing the iSCPC Software ........................................................................... 3

1.1 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................1

2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client ..............................................3 2.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software......................................................3 Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site .......................................................4 Installing Software from the a CD .....................................................................................4 2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem.........................................................5 Logging On to iSite............................................................................................................5 Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote................................................6 Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus............................8

3.0

Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite .......................................................... 11

3.1 Adding an Unknown Element ......................................................................................11 3.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration...............................................................................11 3.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab...................................13 Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties ........................................13 iSCPC Modulation Modes ...............................................................................................14 3.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote ..........................................................15

4.0

Configuring the Remote IP Addresses ........................................................... 17

4.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines ..................................................................17 4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information .....................................................................17 4.3 Examples .......................................................................................................................18 Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................18 Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled ................................................................19

5.0

Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters......................................... 22

5.1 Adding Service Levels..................................................................................................23 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels...................................................................................23 5.3 Adding Filter Rules .......................................................................................................25 5.4 Enabling SAR ................................................................................................................26

6.0

Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations ........................................... 28
Saving a Remote Options File to Disk ............................................................................28 Applying the iSCPC Configurations ................................................................................28

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............... 51 Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled .....1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery...........................0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers...........................................................3 Viewing Remote Events...........................................................3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format ........2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC .....0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes ............2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote.......................... 33 8..................................48 Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address ......... 49 A...............42 Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab...................33 8...................1 Viewing Settings and Statistics ...............................................................37 9... 53 C..................................................34 8...............31 7...................3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.........4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection.....................34 8.....44 9...........................................................2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph ............0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections ...................53 C.......................................................45 9............................50 Appendix B Appendix C Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address ...................................................................................................................54 Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements ............................39 9...........................43 Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab ......................................................... 31 7......................1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem.................................................................................................................................... 39 Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ..........................5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link ......................................1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility....................................................................2 Generating an Encryption Key..1 Determining the Transmit Power.....34 8...............2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite ............. 57 iv .............................................49 A.................................................................................7...........49 A.................................41 Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab .................................................................................32 8....................................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5 Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box....... 35 Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite ......................................................................................... 35 Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption.................. 21 Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway............................ 30 Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite .............................................................................................................. 19 Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route ........................................................................... 8 Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu....... 17 Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled ................................ 18 Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box........... 9 Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box ................................................................................................................... 7 Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box.......................... 13 Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab ............................................................ 26 Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu ........... 12 Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote ..................................................... 34 Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite........................................................................................ 24 Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level...........................................................Figures Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu............... 28 Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu................................................................................................................................. 36 v .............................................................................. 20 Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway ................ 10 Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree.......................................................................... 33 Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key ......................................................................................... 23 Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule ...................................... 29 Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration .............................................................................................................................. 6 Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu ..................................................................... 21 Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic.............................. 6 Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download .................... 29 Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu............................................................ 32 Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site ................................................................................................................................... 11 Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab............................................................................................... 24 Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule ........................................................................................................................ 20 Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box................. 9 Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download ............................................................................................................................................................ 22 Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level .............. 11 Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu.....................

............................................................................... 42 Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab .............................................. 55 Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor................... 52 Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery.............................. 50 Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box.............................................................. 47 Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu.................... 38 Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu........................................................................................................................................................................ 40 Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ................... 46 Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu..................................................................... 48 Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters ............................................................ 54 Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor ................................................................... 55 vi ..........Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu .................................................. 43 Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab....................... 53 Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor............................ 41 Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab................ 37 Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command ........................................................................................................................................................ 44 Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu ..................................... 49 Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote ..................................................................................... 55 Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2....................... 46 Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area..................................................................................................................................................................................... 51 Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box.................................................................................................................................... 51 Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display ........................................................................................

In the procedure. SCPC connections between iDirect remote modems.1. configure them with the appropriate parameters. The document contains the following major sections and appendices: Installing the iSCPC Software Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite Configuring the Remote IP Addresses Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Determining Your Remote’s IP Address Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled LNB Frequency Stability Requirements 1. Obtained the frequency assignments from the satellite provider Obtained the operating specifications for the BUC and the LNB Built the antenna and installed the IFL cable Pointed the antenna and verified the polarization (if appropriate) with the satellite provider For details on the final two items in the above list. Please read this entire document before building your iSCPC network. 1 .1 Assumptions The procedure assumes that you have: Obtained the completed link budget Installed the proper equipment to meet the link budget requirements Note The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. see the iDirect Remote Installation and Commissioning Guide. you will create two new remotes in your network. and connect them over a satellite link. Appendix D shows the frequency stability required at various data rates.0 Procedure Overview This document contains the procedure for using iSite to create point-to-point.

0. For details on configuring an iSCPC connection between a remote and an iSCPC line card. you can also establish iSCPC connections between remotes and iSCPC line cards located at the hub using iBuilder. Beginning with iDS Release 7.0. see the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. Note 2 .Warning Do not connect the transmit IFL cable to the remote modem until you are instructed to do so in the commissioning section of this document. This document contains the procedure for creating iSCPC connections using iSite.

0 Installing the iSCPC Software This section describes the steps for obtaining and installing the iDirect iSCPC modem software and related application software on a PC running Windows. they will be organized into the following folders: A folder containing iSCPC documents and tools A folder. with three subfolders. 4. 2. Once you have successfully installed the files on your PC.iDirect. It also contains the procedure for downloading the iSCPC software from your PC to your NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. depending on whether you have downloaded the software from the iDirect TAC web site directly to the client PC. In the dialog box. follow these steps: 1. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. The following sections provide the procedures for each case.iDirect.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software The steps for installing the software package on your PC differ slightly. 3. or you have created a copy on CD. You can download the files directly to the client PC. Click the link for the iSCPC release you want to install. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. containing the iSCPC software for each iDirect modem type: • • iNFINITI NetModem II 3 .net/. 2. To download the iSCPC software from the TAC web site.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client You can download the iSCPC modem software and iSite GUI client from the iDirect Technical Assistance (TAC) web site at http://tac.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted.2. select Save to Disk and click OK. or you can download the files to any PC and copy them to an installation CD. 2.

To make it convenient to start iSite. 4 . 5.com/).1. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www.pkware.winzip. 3. To make it convenient to start iSite. For example.org/). 3.winzip. For example. WinZip (http://www.com/). Open the CD drive and navigate to the CD folder containing the file iSCPC<version>.pkware. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number.) 2. and PKZIP (http://www.com/).zip. Installing Software from the a CD Follow these steps if you want to install the iSCPC package from a CD: 1. where <version> is the iDirect release number. Copy the ZIP archive file to the directory into which you want to extract the files.com/). Copy the ZIP archive file to the location on the client PC into which you want to extract the files. Extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . WinZip (http://www. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. (The ZIP file will be named iSCPC-<version>. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar.zip.1.org/). among others. where <version> is the iDirect release number.zip and extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the .zip format.info-zip. 4. all files will be contained in a single ZIP archive file on your PC.0. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7.0. 2. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number. Select the file iSCPC-<version>. among others. Insert the CD into the CD drive of your PC.zip format. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. Follow these steps to complete the installation: 1.• NetModem II Plus A folder containing the iSite client software Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site Once you have downloaded the software from the TAC web site.info-zip. and PKZIP (http://www.

3.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem The procedures in this section explain how to log on to iSite and download the iSCPC software images to your remote modems. iSite should automatically discover the modem and display it in the iSite Tree View. connect a straight-through LAN cable to any of the eight LAN B ports. Log on to the remote using iSite as follows: a. 2. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. (Or navigate to the directory in which you stored the iSite application and double-click iSite. see Appendix C on page 53 for alternate methods of logging on to the remote. Start iSite by opening the shortcut that you created earlier. Logging On to iSite Follow these steps to log on to your remote modem using iSite. Auto-discovery does not work reliably in all versions of the Windows operating system. 1.2. Note 5.) Assuming that you have IP connectivity between the NetModem and your PC. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu 5 . depending on whether you have NetModem or iNFINITI remotes.) 4. Right-click the remote in the iSite Tree View (Figure 1) and select Login to display the Login dialog box (Figure 2). The steps for downloading the software vary slightly. If iSite does not discover your remote modem. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. (If you are connecting to a 5000 Series or 7000 Series iNFINITI remote.

Click OK to log on. follow the steps in the next section. (“iDirect” is the default Admin password. please skip to the section “Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus” on page 8. If you have a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus modem. If you have NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. Then enter the Admin Password and click OK.b.) Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box c. (See Figure 5). Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to download the executable images to an iDirect iNFINITI remote. Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu 6 . 1. select Admin. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. follow the procedure in the next section to download the software from your PC to the remote modem. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Package from the menu to display the Download Package dialog box. If you have an iNFINITI remote.

5. 7 . Click the Start button to begin the download. double-click the . select Don’t check versions. In the Open dialog box. In the Reset area. By default. where <version #> is the iDirect release number.pkg file to select the package for download and return to the Download Package dialog box. In the Configurations area. navigate to the folder that contains the iNFINITI software package. Select the following options in the Download Package dialog box: a. Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download 3. c. b. 4. The file names for all files to be downloaded are displayed in the Contents area of the dialog box. select Download images only.2. Click the Open button in the Download Package dialog box to display the Open dialog box (Figure 4). In the Image Version Check area. the iNFINITI software package is installed on your PC in the following folder: NetModem-<version #>/Images/Remote_iNFINITI. In the Open dialog box. select Don’t reset.

7.) 8 . Monitor the progress of the download in the Information area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. 1. Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus Follow these steps to download the executable images to an iDirect NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. follow the steps in the previous section. If you have iNFINITI remotes. indicating that the package download is complete. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time.Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box 6. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. Close the Download Package dialog box when the word Done is displayed. (See Figure 8. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Images from the menu to display the Download Command Center dialog box.

Click the Download button to begin the download. Select DEFRAGMENT in the Download Command Center dialog box. double-click the . In the Open dialog box. these images are installed on your PC in the following folders: NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_NM2 NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_2Plus Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download 3.ldr file. By default. 4. 5. the correct set of images will automatically be selected for download. Click the Select button in the Download Command Center dialog box (Figure 8) to display the Open dialog box. navigate to the folder that contains the NetModem software images for your NetModem or NetModem II Plus. 9 .ldr file to select the images for download and return to the Download Command Center dialog box.Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu 2. In the Open dialog box. When you select the .

Monitor the progress of the download in the Status area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. Close the Download Command Center dialog box when the word Completed is displayed. 7. 10 . indicating that the image download is complete. The reset will be performed later in this procedure.Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box 6.

A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration Follow these steps to create the iSCPC element in the Tree View: 1.) Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu 11 . 2. 3.3. You will need to configure these parameters on each of the two remotes in the circuit. (See Figure 9.0.1 Adding an Unknown Element Add a new element in iSite as follows: 1. (See Figure 11.0. In the Tree View. Select Create Configuration iSCPC to display the iSCPC Configuration dialog box Information tab.0] is added to the iSite tree.) Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree 3.) 2. (Do not log on at this point. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. Launch iSite.0 Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite This section explains how to use iSite to configure an iSCPC connection between two remotes.

Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab 12 .

entered in kbps. enter and confirm the new password. follow these steps to configure the parameters on the remote Information tab. see “Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections” on page 33. entered in MHz Transmit Power: Enter a transmit power of –25 dBm. Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties Use these guidelines when entering the iSCPC transmit and receive properties. Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box 4. Enter the Transmit and Receive properties. c. using the guidelines in the next section.) 5.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab Once you have created the iSCPC element in the Tree View. This setting will be adjusted during the commissioning procedure. 13 . (For details on configuring your iSCPC connection for Link Encryption. 1.3. Click OK to save the password and return to the main dialog box. Transmit Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Transmit L-Band Frequency = RF Uplink Center Frequency – BUC Translation Frequency BUC Translation Frequency: Determined by the operational parameters of the BUC. 2. Select the Model Type of your remote modem. In the Change Password dialog box (Figure 12). If you want to change the User Password or the Admin Password for the remote: a. Select any options (such as Link Encryption or Compression types) that you want to apply to your iSCPC connection. 3. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. Enter the Serial Number of your remote modem. b. Click on the ellipsis button (…) beside the password text box for the password you want to change.

iSite limits your selections of Modulation and Error Correction parameters to those supported on your modem for your release.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. entered in MHz. When configuring your iSCPC connections.) Scrambling: Select the default. (See Table 1 for options. LNB Stability (+/-): Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. (See Table 1 for options. Receive Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Receive L-Band Frequency = RF Downlink Center Frequency – LNB Translation Frequency LNB Translation Freq: Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. FEC Blocks per frame: Select a frame length that is as close as possible to 125 ms. 14 . IDR. entered in MHz. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the LNB.) Scrambling: Select the default. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. This is the only available selection. iSCPC Modulation Modes Table 1 shows the iSCPC FEC rates and modulation modes supported for each iDirect modem type in iDirect release 7. IDR. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the BUC. entered in kbps.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the BUC. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the BUC. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the LNB and downconverter. Earlier releases support a subset of these services. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the LNB.0.Modulation: Select a modulation type. FEC Blocks per Frame: Enter the same value as configured for the transmit properties of the peer remote. This is the only available selection. Modulation: Select a modulation type.

7000 Series II+ 5000 Series. 7000 Series 5000 Series.0 iSCPC Links iSCPC FEC . 7300 Series BPSK Yes Yes X Yes X Yes QPSK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8PSK X X X Yes X Yes Block Size 1K 4K 4K 16K Payload § Bytes 53 66 251 404 1800 § SCPC channel framing uses a modified HDLC header.879 Hardware Support 5000 Series.533 .431 .Table 1: iSCPC Modulation Modes Modulation Mode 7.793 .495 . and always slightly less than the numbers indicated in the table. The diagram on the next page will help you to determine the correct parameters.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote Repeat the steps in sections 3.3 to create and configure the second remote in the iSCPC connection. 3.1 through 3. The actual payload is variable. 15 . 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series. which requires bit-stuffing to prevent false end-of-frame detection.

Remote A RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L -Band Satell ite Remote B RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Downlink Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L-Band Satellite ____________ NetModem A NetModem B Remote A RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Down Link Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L -Band Remote B RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L .Band Remote A BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote A LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ 16 .

Enter the ETH0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask for the default VLAN. Sat0 must not be within either of the networks used on either Eth0. (See the examples beginning on 18. RIP on Eth0 must be enabled in both remotes or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. 17 . do one of the following: a.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information 1. or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. Note The IP addressing should be planned such that the SAT0 interfaces on both of the iSCPC remotes are in the same subnet.) Therefore. Enter the SAT0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask. (See Figure 13. Enable RIP routing by selecting Enable RIPv2. 4.) 4. Sat0 of remote A must be within the same network as the Sat0 of remote B. (See the examples in the next section for the steps required for these operations.4. 4.) Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab 2. You must enable RIP on ETH0 for both remotes.0 Configuring the Remote IP Addresses This section provides guidelines and procedures for configuring the IP addresses on the remotes in your iSCPC connection. 3. Click the IP Configuration tab.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines Follow these guidelines when configuring the IP addressing information for each remote: Eth0 of remote A cannot be within the same network as the Eth0 of remote B.

2 / 24 To configure the iSCPC connection using RIPv2: 1. using the second set of addresses in Table 2. 2.1 / 24 192. Figure 14 shows the configuration for Remote A.3 Examples These examples in this section illustrate how to configure your remotes with RIPv2 enabled (Example 1) and how to configure your remotes using static routes with RIPv2 disabled (Example 2).2. Add Static Route on each remote with the gateway pointing to the SAT0 interface on the peer remote.0.1 / 24 10. Repeat these steps for the peer remote. 4. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote.1. Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled 18 . enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. Remote B should be configured in a similar manner.168.168. Table 2: IP Addressing Schemes for Examples A and B Remote Remote A Remote B Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled Eth0 Addresses 192. In the examples. 5. Select the IP Configuration tab.0.Or b.0. 4. In the SAT0 Interface section. 3. Select the Enable RIPv2 check box for both the Eth0 Interface and the Sat0 Interface. the remotes are configured with the IP Addresses shown in Table 2. In the ETH0 Interface section.0.1 / 24 Sat0 Addresses 10.

Open the Add Static Route or Edit Static Route dialog box for the remote by clicking the Add or Edit button in the Static Routes section of the dialog box. 10. Figure 15 illustrates adding the static route to Remote A. 8. 4. Enter the Subnet Mask. Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box 19 . In Gateway. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. 5. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. Since there is only one static route. In the ETH0 Interface section. Figure 16 shows the IP Configuration tab on Remote A after adding the IP addressing information and the static route. Click OK. 3. 7. enter the range of addresses that you want to forward to the peer remote over the satellite. select Sat0. enter the peer remote’s Sat0 interface. In the IP Address text box. 6. 9. Select the IP Configuration tab.Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled To configure the iSCPC connection with RIPv2 disabled using static routes: 1. In the SAT0 Interface section. In Interface. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. 2.

In the Static Routes area.168.168. If a site is configured with a gateway.2 to the configuration in Figure 16.0/24 network. Remote B’s Sat0 is programmed by default to send those packets to remote B’s Eth0.1. if Remote A receives a packet on its Eth0 interface destined for the 192. follow these additional steps: 1. Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway To add a static route that will forward the satellite traffic to the gateway over the LAN interface.0.Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route Looking at the static route configured in Figure 16. (Figure 18) 20 . A common configuration includes a gateway router at one site to handle traffic on a customer network. it will forward the packet to Remote B’s Sat0 Gateway (10. if a packet is destined for the IP Address. Thus. in the example.0. select the default route and click the Edit button to display the Edit Static Route dialog box. then default routing is not sufficient to forward traffic received on the sat0 interface to the router on the LAN. the remote will forward it to the Gateway through the configured Interface. Figure 17 shows the addition of gateway 192.2) using its own Sat0 interface.2.

Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box 2. 3. 5.1. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. In Interface. Click OK. 21 . any packet that the remote receives on its sat0 interface will be routed to the gateway with IP address 192. enter the IP address of the gateway. With the addition of the new static route. select Eth0.168. Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway Figure 19 shows the addition of the static route for the LAN gateway. 4. Note that selecting Eth0 in the Edit Static Route dialog box results in ixp1 in the Interface column for the static route. In Gateway.2 on the eth0 interface. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. Since there is only one static route.

latency. Configuring QoS parameters to allow voice packets to be sent at a higher priority than data packets can improve the QoS of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic. etc. you will see three additional sub-tabs at the bottom of the screen labeled Traffic. Attributes of a connection that affect QoS include throughput. For example. you can configure service levels and filters that control the QoS of the traffic on your iSCPC link. voice packets require minimal latency and jitter. among others.0.5.0 Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the classification and prioritization of IP traffic in order to optimize the delivery of packets based on various criteria such as traffic type. Using the QoS tab. jitter and packet loss. Selecting a sub-tab allows you to define the parameters for each category. For a detailed discussion of iDirect QoS principals see the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. Filter and Data Rate (Figure 20). When you click the QoS tab for your iSCPC connection. Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic 22 . source and destination IP addresses.

2 Adding Rules to Service Levels Once you’ve defined a Service Level. 5. Enter a Level Name for the service level.) 5.1 Adding Service Levels To define a Service Level on the QoS tab. (For descriptions of the various Service Level parameters.5. Select the Service Level in the Rules area of the QoS Traffic sub-tab and click the Add button to display the Add Rule dialog box (Figure 23). follow these steps: 1. You can add rules to the Service Level as follows: 1. 3. that Service Level is displayed in the Rules area of the dialog box. Click the Edit button at the bottom of the dialog box to enable editing. 2. Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level 4. Select the Traffic sub-tab of the QoS tab. 23 .0. Enter the remaining QoS parameters for your Service Level as required. Click the Add button in the Service Levels area of the screen to display the Add Service Level dialog box (Figure 21). see the section “Adding a Service Level” in the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7.

Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. In the Add Rule dialog box.Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level 2. 24 . define the rule for this Service Level by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule.

2.3. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. 4. Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule 3. When you are finished defining the rule. select the Filter sub-tab. 25 . To add these rules: 1.3 Adding Filter Rules In addition to the rules associated with your Service Levels. 5. In the Add Filter dialog box. At the bottom of the QoS tab. click the Add button to display the Add Filter dialog box (Figure 24). define the rule by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. click OK to save your changes. you can also add Filter rules that are applied independently of the Service Levels. In the QoS Filter sub-tab. When you are finished defining the rule. click OK to save your changes.

Enter a Segment Size. In the SAR area of the screen. Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote Note The remaining fields on this tab are not applicable to iSCPC connections. 26 .0. see the chapter titled “QoS Implementation Principals” in the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. 2. Click the Data Rate sub-tab at the bottom of the QoS tab. 3. You can enable SAR and define a SAR segment size on the Data Rate sub-tab of the QoS tab.5. select the check box to the left of Segment Size to enable SAR. For more on SAR. Segment Assembly and Reassembly (SAR) is not enabled on your iSCPC remotes. Follow these steps to enable SAR and set the segment length: 1.4 Enabling SAR By default.

27 . used by the Look Angle Calculator.Note You do not need to configure the parameters on the Geo Location tab. are not required for iSCPC operation. Geo Location dialog parameters.

Before you can apply the iSCPC configuration to a remote. (For details. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. Enter a file name and click the Save button. 28 . Your computer must be connected directly to the remote via a LAN crossover cable. please follow the procedure in section 2. Your subnet mask must match the remote’s subnet mask. Applying the iSCPC Configurations Follow this procedure to load the remote modems with the iSCPC parameters that you entered previously. Log on to the remote using iSite.6. 3. you must first establish IP connectivity to that remote from your PC or laptop computer. Follow the steps in this section to apply the iSCPC configurations to your remote modems. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file.0 on page 3 before you execute the steps in this section. right-click on the remote in the Tree View and select Load Configuration From File. If not. you can save the remote options file to your hard disk as follows: 1. the following conditions must exist: Your computer’s IP address must be in the range of addresses specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. see “Logging On to iSite” on page 5.0 Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations This section explains how to save your remote options files to disk and how to download the options files to your iSCPC remotes. Saving a Remote Options File to Disk When you have finished entering the remote configuration parameters. 4. To load the configuration from a saved Options file. The procedure assumes that you have already downloaded the iSCPC software to the remote modems. To apply the iSCPC configuration using iSite. Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu 2.) 5. or indirectly via an external switch or router. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. In the Save As dialog box. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. 1. 2. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As.

navigate to the folder in which you stored the remote options file. Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 29 .Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 6. In the Open dialog box. Then double-click the options file you want to apply to this remote.

30 . In the Tree View. right-click the remote and select Apply Configuration to Remote. Then click Reset Now. Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration After you have applied both configurations and reset the remotes. This is described in the following section. you are ready to commission the SCPC carriers with your Satellite Provider.7.

Disconnect the power to the remote modems. Enter the following command to adjust the transmit power of the remote: Tx Power +/. Log on to the remote through the console port 5. tx cw on 7. 4. If you are required to transmit at a frequency other than the operational frequency. Warning 3. 6. If a CW carrier is required. reset the remote. If using a CW carrier. Ensure that your remote is powered off before connecting the transmit cable to the remote. you can turn it off by typing: tx cw off To force the remote to transmit a modulated carrier instead of a CW carrier. 8.X represents the increase or decrease in power. Apply power to the remote modems when instructed by the satellite provider to bring up the carrier. 2. The range of transmit power for iDirect remotes is from -35 dBm to +7 dBm.0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Review the remotes’ configurations to ensure that the L-Band frequencies and the ODU parameters are correct for the BUC and the LNB Follow the appropriate satellite provider access procedures and contact your Satellite Provider to commission the carrier. Connect the transmit IFL cable to the modems. tx cw enable b. As preparation for carrier commissioning: 7.7. increasing the power gradually until the desired level is reached.1 Determining the Transmit Power Work with your satellite provider to commission the carriers as follows: 1. 31 . Note Begin with a low transmit power. enter the following commands: a.X> where XX. use the tx freq command to change to the new frequency. The command has the following syntax: tx freq <fx> where <fx> is the L-band frequency in MHz.<XX. The remote must be powered off whenever the transmit or receive cables are connected or removed.

Follow the procedure in section 5.0 on page 22 to apply the new configurations and reset the modems. update the Transmit Power in the Transmit Properties section of the Information tab to match the power determined during the commissioning procedure.) Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite 2. For each remote: 1. In iSite.7.2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite After the proper carrier level has been established through the console port on both remotes. (See Figure 30. 32 . Receive lock should now be achieved by both remotes and your iSCPC connection should be operational. you must update the transmit power in the iSite remote configuration.

link encryption is only available on the 5150. Changing keys requires you to edit and reload the options files. bunzip2 keygen. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. 8.iDirect. copy keygen. 6.bz2 to your PC or laptop. 2. This will replace keygen. You can download keygen from the TAC web site by following these steps: 1. Log on to the Linux-based machine and change to the directory containing the zip file keygen.bz2. The iDirect keygen utility is a Linux-based executable file that you can load on any Linux-based computer to generate new keys or to convert existing keys to iDirect format.bz2 7. Enter the following command to make keygen an executable file: chmod a+x keygen You can now use keygen to generate new encryption keys in the iDirect format or to convert existing binary keys to the iDirect format 33 .bz2 with the keygen file. Only static keys are currently supported. Click the KEYGEN link and select Save to Disk in the dialog box to download keygen. 5. Enter the following command to unzip keygen.bz2.0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections iDirect supports the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for iSCPC connections between iNFINITI remotes and Triple DES encryption for iSCPC connections between NetModems.bz2 from your PC or laptop to the directory on the Linux-based machine in which you plan to run keygen. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. Note For iNFINITI remotes. Using a utility such as WinSCP. 3. you must add the encryption key to the options file of each remote in the connection and download the options files to the remotes. Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site 4.8.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. To enable encryption. 5350 and 7350 models.1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility You must have a valid encryption key in the iDirect format before you can enable encryption for your iSCPC link.

2. 8.2 Generating an Encryption Key Follow these steps to generate a new encryption key in the iDirect format. keygen requires the binary key to be contained in an input file. 1. see section 8. if you obtain a binary key from another source.3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format Keygen generates new keys in the format required by the iDirect system.3 for instructions on how to convert it to the iDirect format. Log on to the Linux-based computer on which keygen is installed. Enter the following command to generate an encryption key in iDirect format: keygen -<key type> -gen where <key type> is 3des or aes. 3. Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key Note To view the keygen command usage. Follow these steps to convert an existing binary key to the iDirect format: 1.txt and the resulting key. Enter the following command to perform the conversion: keygen -<key type> -file <filename> where <key type> is 3des or aes and <filename> is the name of the file containing the binary key. Copy the file containing the binary key to the Linux-based machine. 2. Log on to the Linux-based machine on which keygen is installed. 8. To perform the conversion. If you already have a valid binary key. enter keygen with no qualifiers. Figure 32 shows the command to generate an AES encryption key to a file named key. you must execute keygen to convert it to the iDirect format.8.4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection Follow these steps for each remote in the iSCPC connection to enable encryption on the SCPC link: 34 . However.

In the Save As dialog box. Delete the lines: enc_algorithm = dynamic enc_algorithm_mode = dynamic b. 35 . (Do not apply the changes at this time.) 6. Scroll down in the options file until you see the [ENC] section. the iSCPC Configuration Information tab will be displayed automatically. 3. 7. Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite 8. Log on to your iSCPC remote using iSite. Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite 4. Open the remote options file with Notepad or another text editor.1. 5.) Once you log on. Figure 34 contains an example of this section of an options file after Link Encryption has been selected in iSite. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. Enter a file name and click the Save button. Add the lines: enc_key = <Key> where <Key> is the key you generated using keygen. (See instructions on page 5 for logging on to iSite. Scroll to the bottom of the screen and click the Edit button. Select the Link Encryption check box (Figure 33). Edit the remote options file as follows: a. 2. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file.

enc_static = 1 For an iNFINITI remote.0 on page 28 to download the modified options file to the remote. Save the modified options file.enc_algorithm = <Type> where <Type> = AES for iNFINITI remotes or 3DES for NetModems. 36 . Using iSite. 10. Link encryption will take efffect on the iSCPC link after you have downloaded the modified options files to both remotes in your iSCPC connection. (For a NetModem. enc_algorithm should be set to 3DES and enc_algorithm_mode should be set to CBC.) Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption 9. enc_algorithm_mode = <Mode> where <Mode> = CFB for iNFINITI remotes or CBC for NetModems. the edited options file should be similar to the example in Figure 35. follow the procedure in section 6.

In iSite. right click on the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Telnet from the menu.8. Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu 2.5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link Once you have enabled encryption on your iSCPC remotes. In the Telnet window. you can verify that the link is successfully carrying encrypted data by following the steps in this section. “iDirect” is the default Password. Enter the following command to verify that encryption is enabled on the remote: enc stats The following is sample output from an iNFINITI remote with AES encryption enabled: CurrentEncryptor = "AES_SW" CurrentEncryptorMode = "CFB" Encrypted = 12 Decrypted = 11 FailedToEncrypt = 0 FailedToDecrypt = 0 37 . 3. 1. log on to the remote modem as Username: Admin. Perform these steps on both iSCPC remotes.

Check the communication path by typing: ping <IP Address> where <IP Address> is the IP address of the peer remote.PushThruRefused = 0 PushThruFailed = 0 Filtered = 0 4. Figure 37 shows sample output of a successful ping command. Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command 38 .

enter the commands scpc and scc stats. statistics and events associated with your remote modems. you must log on to reset statistics or to view events. you can view these statistics from the command line as follows: Telnet to your remote. Specifically.1) IP transmit and receive statistics Events generated by the remote This section explains how to use iSite to monitor these values. (Figure 38) 39 .9. you can view the following data on an iSCPC remote: Configuration and status details of the remote equipment Modem parameters associated with the remote’s modulator and demodulator Ethernet statistics (Beginning with release 7. you can monitor the settings. and dma stats. hdlc stats. On NetModems. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Settings and Statistics View from the menu.1. enter the following commands: eth. However. On iNFINITI remotes. Note 9. In earlier releases.1) Satellite communications (Satcom) transmit and receive statistics (Beginning with release 7.1 Viewing Settings and Statistics The iSite Settings and Statistics screen has four tabs: Equipment Details Modem Parameters Ethernet Statistics Satcom Statistics Follow the procedure in this section to view the Settings and Statistics screen: 1. You do not need to be logged on to iSite to view the various settings and statistics.0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Using iSite. The Ethernet statistics and Satcom statistics will not be available in iSite until iDS release 7.

it is important to note that the menu bar is context-sensitive. Note 40 . Click the tab you wish to view.Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu 2. depending on the selected screen type (configure or monitor). You can also open the Settings and Statistics screen. from the Monitor menu in the iSite menu bar. However. as well as the other monitor screens. The selection of available menus changes. An overview of each tab is discussed below.

The status information is updated in real time. including operating temperature. receive Automatic Gain Control (AGC). transmit and receive lock. 41 . This tab displays status and configuration details about the remote modem. etc.Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab The Equipment Details tab is shown in Figure 39. Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab Note If the Downstream SNR field displays -1. the receiver is not locked to a carrier.

Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab The Modem Parameters tab is shown in Figure 40. This tab displays configuration details about the remote modem’s Modulator and Demodulator, as well as the Connection Data Source and Interface Type.

Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab

Note

The Data Source field in the Connection area of the screen indicates the source of the data transmitted by this remote.

42

Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab The Ethernet Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the LAN interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and interrupt statistics. The information shown on the Ethernet Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the IP Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Ethernet Statistics tab is shown in Figure 41.

Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab

43

Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab The Satcom Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the satellite interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and other (miscellaneous) statistics. The information shown on the Satcom Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the Satcom Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Satcom Statistics tab is shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab

44

such as the type of IP packets displayed and the time interval of the data.9. beginning at the time that the screen is launched. Right-click your iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select IP Stats menu. (Figure 43) View from the Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu 45 . To display the IP Statistics graph. 1. The graph shows real-time data.2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph iSite’s IP statistics graph displays IP traffic in both the transmit direction and the receive direction. you can customize various aspects of the graph. By selecting display parameters.

) Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display 2. (See Figure 44. If you want to modify the display parameters.By default. and with all parameters enabled. right-click anywhere in the graph area of the screen to view the context menu. Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu 46 . the IP Statistics graph is displayed with panes for both transmit and receive packets.

averaged over 10 minutes. Either select the display settings directly from the context menu. or both.) All others can be selected either from the context menu or from the parameters area of the screen. Properties (context menu only): Allows to you modify the default color settings. Parameters (context menu only): Displays the parameters section at the top of the screen. or to show the total IP traffic as a single line on the graph. or select Parameters from the menu to show the parameters area of the screen as shown in Figure 46. Activity: Allows you to select which IP traffic types to display. Menu-only selections are indicated in parentheses below. Legend (context menu only): Displays a color-coded legend of the graph contents. The parameter selections are discussed below. (See Figure 45. Direction: Allows you to view the transmit traffic graph. Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area The selectable display options for the IP Statistics graph are listed here. the receive traffic graph. Units: Toggles the y-axis of the graph between kilobits per second (by selecting Bits) and kilobytes per second (by selecting Bytes). Some parameters are configurable only from the context menu. Hours: Displays 12 hours of data. Interval: Toggles the x-axis of the graph among the following selections: Seconds: Displays three minutes of data.3. Minutes: Displays one hour of data. 47 . averaged over one minute.

3 Viewing Remote Events iSCPC remotes generate events and warnings concerning various aspects of operation such as component failures. loss of receive lock. etc. 2.9. Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu 48 . Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View. Select Event View from the menu. You can view the events generated by an iSCPC remote as follows: 1.

At the prompt. 2. If you are connected to a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. A. 4. enter the command telnet 0 to connect to the iDirect application. follow the instructions in section A.3 to determine the IP address of the modem. you must first establish a console connection to the modem from your PC and log on to the iDirect application on the modem. (See section A.Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address This appendix provides the procedure for determining the IP address of an iDirect remote modem. Once you have saved the port setup.) 1. At the Linux prompt. If you are connected to an iNFINITI remote.1 for details.1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem In order to determine the IP address of your remote you must first establish a console connection to the remote from your PC. The default password is iDirect. Connect a serial cable between the COM1 port of your PC or Laptop and the console port on the remote modem. 49 .2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your remote modem. In order to determine the IP address. press Enter a few times to generate a login prompt from the modem. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. A. follow the instructions in section A.2 to determine the IP address of the modem. The procedure for determining the IP address differs slightly between iNFINITI remotes and NetModems. Launch a terminal emulator such as Tera Term or HyperTerminal and configure the serial connection with the settings shown in Figure 48: Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters 3. Follow these steps to establish a console connection: 1. log on to the root account.

You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect the remote modem using iSite. (See section A. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account.0 2. 4.) 1.1 for details. (See Appendix B for details.) 50 .3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. Log on using the following username and password: Username: admin Password: iDirect 3.255. enter the command laninfo. Note the IP address and subnet mask. Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote A. This is sample output: > laninfo Address: 92. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect to the remote modem using iSite.) The steps of this procedure are illustrated in Figure 49.4. Enter the command laninfo to view the IP address and subnet mask of your router.255.168.2. At the command line prompt. Note the IP address and subnet mask. (See Appendix B for details.65 Netmask: 55.

From your computer’s Control Panel. Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet 51 . Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box 3. Click the Properties button to display the Local Area Connection properties sheet. double-click Network Connections.Appendix B Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Establish IP connectivity to the remote modem from your laptop by modifying your IP address as follows: 1. This screen’s appearance varies in Windows 2000 and Windows XP. Launch the Local Area Connection Status dialog box (Figure 50) by double-clicking your LAN connection. 2.

Note For a local connection. Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box 5. Enter the same Subnet mask that you retrieved from the remote modem using the laninfo command. you should have IP connectivity to the remote modem. On the Local Area Connection properties sheet.4. you do not need to specify DNS server addresses. Select Use the following IP address. select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box: a. d. This enables you to connect using “telnet” or iSite. Enter an IP address that is inside the range specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. b. Then click the Properties button to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box. Once you have reconfigured the IP address on your PC or laptop. 52 . Click OK to save your changes. c.

0] is added to the iSite tree.0.) Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery 6. Enter the Admin Password and click OK. 4. 2. (“iDirect” is the default admin password. 5. the auto-discover feature does not always work reliably with PCs or laptops running Windows XP. In the iSite Tree View. iSite should automatically discover any iDirect modems to which it has IP connectivity.0. 3. enter the IP Address of the remote and select Admin. This appendix discusses methods for accessing your remotes using iSite if the auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC or laptop. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. Click OK to log on. determine it by following the procedure in Appendix A. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree and select Login from the menu.Appendix C Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled On startup.1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery If the iSite auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC. Follow these steps: 1. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. you can connect to your remote by creating an unknown element in the iSite Tree View and logging on to that element using the remote’s IP address. 53 . If you do not know the IP address of your remote. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. However. The appendix has the following sections: Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC C.

The procedure in this section details the steps required to reconfigure a PC using IGMPv3 to use IGMPv2. Follow these steps to modify your Windows Registry to use IGMPv2: 1. iSite requires IGMPv2 messages. if your PC is running Windows XP.C. This can be accomplished using the File -> Export command in the Registry Editor. Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor 3. enter the command regedit in the Open text box and click OK. iDirect recommends that this change be tested in a controlled environment on an identical PC to verify that machines to be used in the field will not be affected. This procedure requires you to modify your Windows Registry. While PCs running Windows 2000 are generally configured to use IGMPv2. the iSite auto-discovery feature may not work reliably. PCs running Windows XP are generally configured to use IGMPv3.2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC In order for the auto-discovery feature to work correctly. Therefore. Although iDirect is not currently aware of any issues associated with this change. To start the Registry Editor. Warning Warning A copy of your current registry should be saved prior to making any changes. any Registry modifications can potentially affect the ability of other applications on your PC to execute correctly. Click the Start button in your Windows Taskbar and select Run from the start menu. In the Registry Editor (Figure 55). navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Tcpip/ 54 . in case you need to revert to the original settings. 2.

Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor 5. enter the value 3. In the Name column of the right-hand pane of the Registry Editor. In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. The value 3 represents IGMP version 2. select Parameters. Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2 55 . Under Tcpip. Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor 6. right-click IGMPVersion and select Modify from the menu to display the Edit DWORD Value dialog box.4.

Note You may need to restart your PC or laptop for the registry change to take effect. 56 .7. Click OK to save the change.

Table 3: LNB Frequency Stability Requirements vs. The table below shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. Remote Data Rate 57 .Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received.

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