iSCPC User Guide

IDS Release 7.0 September 15, 2006

13865 Sunrise Valley Drive | Herndon, VA 20171 | +1 703.648.8000 | www.iDirect.net

Copyright © 2006 iDirect, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The specifications and information regarding the products in this manual are subject to change without notice. All statements, information, and recommendations in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express, or implied. Users must take full responsibility for their application of any products. Trademarks, brand names and products mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective owners. All such references are used strictly in an editorial fashion with no intent to convey any affiliation with the name or the product’s rightful owner.

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Contents
1.0 2.0 Procedure Overview........................................................................................... 1 Installing the iSCPC Software ........................................................................... 3

1.1 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................1

2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client ..............................................3 2.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software......................................................3 Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site .......................................................4 Installing Software from the a CD .....................................................................................4 2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem.........................................................5 Logging On to iSite............................................................................................................5 Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote................................................6 Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus............................8

3.0

Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite .......................................................... 11

3.1 Adding an Unknown Element ......................................................................................11 3.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration...............................................................................11 3.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab...................................13 Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties ........................................13 iSCPC Modulation Modes ...............................................................................................14 3.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote ..........................................................15

4.0

Configuring the Remote IP Addresses ........................................................... 17

4.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines ..................................................................17 4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information .....................................................................17 4.3 Examples .......................................................................................................................18 Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................18 Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled ................................................................19

5.0

Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters......................................... 22

5.1 Adding Service Levels..................................................................................................23 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels...................................................................................23 5.3 Adding Filter Rules .......................................................................................................25 5.4 Enabling SAR ................................................................................................................26

6.0

Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations ........................................... 28
Saving a Remote Options File to Disk ............................................................................28 Applying the iSCPC Configurations ................................................................................28

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..................................44 9.........................................................................39 9..4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection..............................34 8...........................................................0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers.................................................................1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility........................................................................................................... 53 C..........33 8...........................................34 8................................1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery....................................................................................................................................................49 A..3 Viewing Remote Events.............0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes ...............................34 8....................................32 8............................................................................ 51 Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled ...50 Appendix B Appendix C Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address ......................................................................2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph ..................45 9......2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC ..............43 Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab ..49 A........................................3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format .......................................... 57 iv .........................41 Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab .................. 33 8.............. 49 A................1 Determining the Transmit Power........ 31 7....................31 7............1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem..................5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link ..............42 Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab.....................2 Generating an Encryption Key...........................................1 Viewing Settings and Statistics ................................................................2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite ....................3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.....................48 Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address .........................................0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections ...........2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote...............54 Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements .....................37 9............................................. 39 Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab .....................................................7.....................53 C............................

....................................................................................................................... 18 Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box............... 35 Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption. 8 Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu...................................................................................................................................................................................... 17 Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................................................. 29 Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration ....................................................................................................... 28 Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu..................................... 7 Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box............................................................................... 6 Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download ................................................ 24 Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule ........................ 25 Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote ........................................................................................................................................ 21 Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway...................................................................... 10 Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree........................................................................... 21 Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic....................................................... 9 Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download ................................................................................................................................................................................ 20 Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway ..................................... 22 Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level ....... 12 Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................... 19 Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route ................................................................................................................................................................... 6 Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu ............................................................. 5 Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box..................... 34 Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite............................ 13 Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 36 v ............................................. 11 Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab.. 30 Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite .......................... 23 Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 24 Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level................................................................................................... 29 Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu....................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu......................... 32 Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site ......................... 20 Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box.................. 26 Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu ...Figures Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu............................................................................................................................................................ 33 Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key .................................................................... 9 Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box ....... 35 Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite .....

............................................. 55 Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor. 43 Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab.................................................................................................................................................................... 51 Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet........................ 49 Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote ............. 38 Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu.................. 50 Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box................................. 40 Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ..... 51 Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box... 55 vi ............................................................................................. 53 Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor....................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area............. 52 Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery................................................................................................................... 42 Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab .................... 55 Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 48 Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters ............... 45 Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display ....................................................... 47 Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu....................................................Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu ...................................................... 54 Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor . 46 Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu........................................................................................................................................................................... 37 Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command .......................................................... 41 Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab................ 44 Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

you will create two new remotes in your network. Appendix D shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. see the iDirect Remote Installation and Commissioning Guide. In the procedure. Obtained the frequency assignments from the satellite provider Obtained the operating specifications for the BUC and the LNB Built the antenna and installed the IFL cable Pointed the antenna and verified the polarization (if appropriate) with the satellite provider For details on the final two items in the above list. SCPC connections between iDirect remote modems. The document contains the following major sections and appendices: Installing the iSCPC Software Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite Configuring the Remote IP Addresses Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Determining Your Remote’s IP Address Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled LNB Frequency Stability Requirements 1.1.1 Assumptions The procedure assumes that you have: Obtained the completed link budget Installed the proper equipment to meet the link budget requirements Note The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. Please read this entire document before building your iSCPC network. and connect them over a satellite link. 1 . configure them with the appropriate parameters.0 Procedure Overview This document contains the procedure for using iSite to create point-to-point.

Note 2 .Warning Do not connect the transmit IFL cable to the remote modem until you are instructed to do so in the commissioning section of this document. For details on configuring an iSCPC connection between a remote and an iSCPC line card. Beginning with iDS Release 7. you can also establish iSCPC connections between remotes and iSCPC line cards located at the hub using iBuilder.0.0. see the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. This document contains the procedure for creating iSCPC connections using iSite.

You can download the files directly to the client PC. select Save to Disk and click OK. 3.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client You can download the iSCPC modem software and iSite GUI client from the iDirect Technical Assistance (TAC) web site at http://tac. Once you have successfully installed the files on your PC. 4. 2. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. Click the link for the iSCPC release you want to install. or you can download the files to any PC and copy them to an installation CD.0 Installing the iSCPC Software This section describes the steps for obtaining and installing the iDirect iSCPC modem software and related application software on a PC running Windows.2. The following sections provide the procedures for each case. 2. they will be organized into the following folders: A folder containing iSCPC documents and tools A folder. or you have created a copy on CD. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software The steps for installing the software package on your PC differ slightly. To download the iSCPC software from the TAC web site. It also contains the procedure for downloading the iSCPC software from your PC to your NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. depending on whether you have downloaded the software from the iDirect TAC web site directly to the client PC.iDirect. 2. follow these steps: 1.net/.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. containing the iSCPC software for each iDirect modem type: • • iNFINITI NetModem II 3 .iDirect. In the dialog box. with three subfolders.

among others.1. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar.0. all files will be contained in a single ZIP archive file on your PC. Follow these steps to complete the installation: 1. Copy the ZIP archive file to the directory into which you want to extract the files. Select the file iSCPC-<version>.zip format.zip. 3. Copy the ZIP archive file to the location on the client PC into which you want to extract the files. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number.) 2. and PKZIP (http://www.zip format.1. Installing Software from the a CD Follow these steps if you want to install the iSCPC package from a CD: 1.zip and extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7.com/).0. 3.zip. Open the CD drive and navigate to the CD folder containing the file iSCPC<version>. For example.pkware.pkware. 4.com/). Insert the CD into the CD drive of your PC. where <version> is the iDirect release number. To make it convenient to start iSite. Extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . 5.info-zip. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7.com/).org/).org/). (The ZIP file will be named iSCPC-<version>. and PKZIP (http://www.com/). The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. For example. WinZip (http://www. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number.• NetModem II Plus A folder containing the iSite client software Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site Once you have downloaded the software from the TAC web site. 2. among others. To make it convenient to start iSite.info-zip. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. where <version> is the iDirect release number. 4 .winzip. WinZip (http://www.winzip.

(If you are connecting to a 5000 Series or 7000 Series iNFINITI remote. 1.) 4. (Or navigate to the directory in which you stored the iSite application and double-click iSite.2. Start iSite by opening the shortcut that you created earlier. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. depending on whether you have NetModem or iNFINITI remotes.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem The procedures in this section explain how to log on to iSite and download the iSCPC software images to your remote modems. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. connect a straight-through LAN cable to any of the eight LAN B ports. Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu 5 . If iSite does not discover your remote modem. Right-click the remote in the iSite Tree View (Figure 1) and select Login to display the Login dialog box (Figure 2).) Assuming that you have IP connectivity between the NetModem and your PC. The steps for downloading the software vary slightly. 2. Note 5. iSite should automatically discover the modem and display it in the iSite Tree View. see Appendix C on page 53 for alternate methods of logging on to the remote. Logging On to iSite Follow these steps to log on to your remote modem using iSite. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. Log on to the remote using iSite as follows: a. Auto-discovery does not work reliably in all versions of the Windows operating system. 3.

) Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box c. If you have NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Package from the menu to display the Download Package dialog box. Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to download the executable images to an iDirect iNFINITI remote. follow the procedure in the next section to download the software from your PC to the remote modem.b. select Admin. Then enter the Admin Password and click OK. Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu 6 . please skip to the section “Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus” on page 8. Click OK to log on. 1. (See Figure 5). If you have a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus modem. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. If you have an iNFINITI remote. follow the steps in the next section. (“iDirect” is the default Admin password.

select Don’t check versions. Select the following options in the Download Package dialog box: a. double-click the . navigate to the folder that contains the iNFINITI software package. In the Reset area. c. Click the Open button in the Download Package dialog box to display the Open dialog box (Figure 4). select Download images only. In the Configurations area. 4. where <version #> is the iDirect release number. select Don’t reset. 7 . the iNFINITI software package is installed on your PC in the following folder: NetModem-<version #>/Images/Remote_iNFINITI. Click the Start button to begin the download. By default. In the Image Version Check area. In the Open dialog box. 5.2. The file names for all files to be downloaded are displayed in the Contents area of the dialog box.pkg file to select the package for download and return to the Download Package dialog box. In the Open dialog box. b. Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download 3.

) 8 . Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. follow the steps in the previous section. If you have iNFINITI remotes. Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus Follow these steps to download the executable images to an iDirect NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Images from the menu to display the Download Command Center dialog box. (See Figure 8.Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box 6. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. Close the Download Package dialog box when the word Done is displayed. Monitor the progress of the download in the Information area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. indicating that the package download is complete. 1. 7.

these images are installed on your PC in the following folders: NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_NM2 NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_2Plus Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download 3. Click the Select button in the Download Command Center dialog box (Figure 8) to display the Open dialog box. When you select the . navigate to the folder that contains the NetModem software images for your NetModem or NetModem II Plus. 4.ldr file to select the images for download and return to the Download Command Center dialog box. Select DEFRAGMENT in the Download Command Center dialog box. Click the Download button to begin the download. In the Open dialog box. the correct set of images will automatically be selected for download.ldr file. double-click the . By default. 5. In the Open dialog box. 9 .Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu 2.

Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box 6. 10 . Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. indicating that the image download is complete. Close the Download Command Center dialog box when the word Completed is displayed. 7. Monitor the progress of the download in the Status area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. The reset will be performed later in this procedure.

0 Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite This section explains how to use iSite to configure an iSCPC connection between two remotes. (Do not log on at this point.) Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree 3. (See Figure 11.0.) Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu 11 . right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. 3. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree.0] is added to the iSite tree. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. In the Tree View.) 2. 2. (See Figure 9. Select Create Configuration iSCPC to display the iSCPC Configuration dialog box Information tab. You will need to configure these parameters on each of the two remotes in the circuit.0.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration Follow these steps to create the iSCPC element in the Tree View: 1. Launch iSite.3.1 Adding an Unknown Element Add a new element in iSite as follows: 1.

Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab 12 .

Enter the Transmit and Receive properties. If you want to change the User Password or the Admin Password for the remote: a.3. follow these steps to configure the parameters on the remote Information tab. see “Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections” on page 33.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab Once you have created the iSCPC element in the Tree View. c. 3. b. entered in MHz Transmit Power: Enter a transmit power of –25 dBm. enter and confirm the new password. Enter the Serial Number of your remote modem. Click on the ellipsis button (…) beside the password text box for the password you want to change. (For details on configuring your iSCPC connection for Link Encryption. In the Change Password dialog box (Figure 12). 2. Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties Use these guidelines when entering the iSCPC transmit and receive properties. Click OK to save the password and return to the main dialog box.) 5. 1. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. entered in kbps. Select any options (such as Link Encryption or Compression types) that you want to apply to your iSCPC connection. 13 . Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box 4. This setting will be adjusted during the commissioning procedure. using the guidelines in the next section. Select the Model Type of your remote modem. Transmit Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Transmit L-Band Frequency = RF Uplink Center Frequency – BUC Translation Frequency BUC Translation Frequency: Determined by the operational parameters of the BUC.

When configuring your iSCPC connections. (See Table 1 for options. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the BUC. Earlier releases support a subset of these services. LNB Stability (+/-): Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the BUC. 14 . Receive Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Receive L-Band Frequency = RF Downlink Center Frequency – LNB Translation Frequency LNB Translation Freq: Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB.0. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the LNB. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the LNB. FEC Blocks per frame: Select a frame length that is as close as possible to 125 ms.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. iSCPC Modulation Modes Table 1 shows the iSCPC FEC rates and modulation modes supported for each iDirect modem type in iDirect release 7.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. Modulation: Select a modulation type. IDR. entered in kbps.Modulation: Select a modulation type. This is the only available selection. (See Table 1 for options.) Scrambling: Select the default. IDR. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. entered in MHz. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the BUC.) Scrambling: Select the default. This is the only available selection. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the LNB and downconverter. FEC Blocks per Frame: Enter the same value as configured for the transmit properties of the peer remote. entered in MHz. iSite limits your selections of Modulation and Error Correction parameters to those supported on your modem for your release.

793 .431 . and always slightly less than the numbers indicated in the table. which requires bit-stuffing to prevent false end-of-frame detection.495 .533 .0 iSCPC Links iSCPC FEC .Table 1: iSCPC Modulation Modes Modulation Mode 7. The diagram on the next page will help you to determine the correct parameters. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series. 7300 Series BPSK Yes Yes X Yes X Yes QPSK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8PSK X X X Yes X Yes Block Size 1K 4K 4K 16K Payload § Bytes 53 66 251 404 1800 § SCPC channel framing uses a modified HDLC header.879 Hardware Support 5000 Series. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote Repeat the steps in sections 3. 3.1 through 3. The actual payload is variable. 7000 Series 5000 Series. 15 .3 to create and configure the second remote in the iSCPC connection.

Remote A RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L -Band Satell ite Remote B RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Downlink Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L-Band Satellite ____________ NetModem A NetModem B Remote A RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Down Link Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L -Band Remote B RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L .Band Remote A BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote A LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ 16 .

) 4.0 Configuring the Remote IP Addresses This section provides guidelines and procedures for configuring the IP addresses on the remotes in your iSCPC connection. 3. 4. Note The IP addressing should be planned such that the SAT0 interfaces on both of the iSCPC remotes are in the same subnet. Enter the SAT0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask. (See the examples beginning on 18. Enter the ETH0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask for the default VLAN. 4. Sat0 must not be within either of the networks used on either Eth0. (See Figure 13. Enable RIP routing by selecting Enable RIPv2. RIP on Eth0 must be enabled in both remotes or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. (See the examples in the next section for the steps required for these operations. 17 . or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. Sat0 of remote A must be within the same network as the Sat0 of remote B.) Therefore.4.) Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab 2. You must enable RIP on ETH0 for both remotes.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information 1. do one of the following: a.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines Follow these guidelines when configuring the IP addressing information for each remote: Eth0 of remote A cannot be within the same network as the Eth0 of remote B. Click the IP Configuration tab.

enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote.0. Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled 18 . Add Static Route on each remote with the gateway pointing to the SAT0 interface on the peer remote. In the SAT0 Interface section. In the examples. Table 2: IP Addressing Schemes for Examples A and B Remote Remote A Remote B Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled Eth0 Addresses 192. the remotes are configured with the IP Addresses shown in Table 2. Select the IP Configuration tab. Repeat these steps for the peer remote.0.168. In the ETH0 Interface section. 2. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote.0.1 / 24 Sat0 Addresses 10.0.Or b. Figure 14 shows the configuration for Remote A.1. 5.1 / 24 192.168. Select the Enable RIPv2 check box for both the Eth0 Interface and the Sat0 Interface.2 / 24 To configure the iSCPC connection using RIPv2: 1. Remote B should be configured in a similar manner. 3.3 Examples These examples in this section illustrate how to configure your remotes with RIPv2 enabled (Example 1) and how to configure your remotes using static routes with RIPv2 disabled (Example 2). 4. using the second set of addresses in Table 2.1 / 24 10. 4.2.

4. 9. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. select Sat0.Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled To configure the iSCPC connection with RIPv2 disabled using static routes: 1. 2. enter the range of addresses that you want to forward to the peer remote over the satellite. Enter the Subnet Mask. enter the peer remote’s Sat0 interface. 6. Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box 19 . In the SAT0 Interface section. In Gateway. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. 7. 3. In the IP Address text box. In Interface. 8. Click OK. Figure 15 illustrates adding the static route to Remote A. Since there is only one static route. 5. Figure 16 shows the IP Configuration tab on Remote A after adding the IP addressing information and the static route. In the ETH0 Interface section. 10. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. Open the Add Static Route or Edit Static Route dialog box for the remote by clicking the Add or Edit button in the Static Routes section of the dialog box. Select the IP Configuration tab. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote.

Thus.168. it will forward the packet to Remote B’s Sat0 Gateway (10. In the Static Routes area.1. If a site is configured with a gateway. Figure 17 shows the addition of gateway 192. Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway To add a static route that will forward the satellite traffic to the gateway over the LAN interface. A common configuration includes a gateway router at one site to handle traffic on a customer network. then default routing is not sufficient to forward traffic received on the sat0 interface to the router on the LAN. in the example.0. if a packet is destined for the IP Address.2) using its own Sat0 interface. select the default route and click the Edit button to display the Edit Static Route dialog box. Remote B’s Sat0 is programmed by default to send those packets to remote B’s Eth0.2 to the configuration in Figure 16. the remote will forward it to the Gateway through the configured Interface.168. (Figure 18) 20 . follow these additional steps: 1. if Remote A receives a packet on its Eth0 interface destined for the 192.0/24 network.0.2.Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route Looking at the static route configured in Figure 16.

enter the IP address of the gateway. 5. Note that selecting Eth0 in the Edit Static Route dialog box results in ixp1 in the Interface column for the static route. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. Click OK. select Eth0. In Gateway. 3.Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box 2. 4. With the addition of the new static route. Since there is only one static route. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route.168. 21 . Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway Figure 19 shows the addition of the static route for the LAN gateway. In Interface.2 on the eth0 interface. any packet that the remote receives on its sat0 interface will be routed to the gateway with IP address 192.1.

For example. etc. Attributes of a connection that affect QoS include throughput. Selecting a sub-tab allows you to define the parameters for each category. Filter and Data Rate (Figure 20). For a detailed discussion of iDirect QoS principals see the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. you can configure service levels and filters that control the QoS of the traffic on your iSCPC link. Using the QoS tab. among others.0.5. When you click the QoS tab for your iSCPC connection. jitter and packet loss. Configuring QoS parameters to allow voice packets to be sent at a higher priority than data packets can improve the QoS of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic. you will see three additional sub-tabs at the bottom of the screen labeled Traffic. Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic 22 . source and destination IP addresses.0 Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the classification and prioritization of IP traffic in order to optimize the delivery of packets based on various criteria such as traffic type. voice packets require minimal latency and jitter. latency.

23 . Select the Traffic sub-tab of the QoS tab. Enter a Level Name for the service level. (For descriptions of the various Service Level parameters. Select the Service Level in the Rules area of the QoS Traffic sub-tab and click the Add button to display the Add Rule dialog box (Figure 23). 3. Click the Add button in the Service Levels area of the screen to display the Add Service Level dialog box (Figure 21).1 Adding Service Levels To define a Service Level on the QoS tab. You can add rules to the Service Level as follows: 1. Enter the remaining QoS parameters for your Service Level as required.) 5. see the section “Adding a Service Level” in the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level 4. 2. follow these steps: 1.5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels Once you’ve defined a Service Level.0. Click the Edit button at the bottom of the dialog box to enable editing. that Service Level is displayed in the Rules area of the dialog box. 5.

define the rule for this Service Level by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. 24 .Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level 2. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. In the Add Rule dialog box.

Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule 3. click the Add button to display the Add Filter dialog box (Figure 24). When you are finished defining the rule. In the Add Filter dialog box. 25 .3 Adding Filter Rules In addition to the rules associated with your Service Levels. To add these rules: 1. 5. 4. click OK to save your changes.3. In the QoS Filter sub-tab. click OK to save your changes. define the rule by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. select the Filter sub-tab. At the bottom of the QoS tab. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. 2. you can also add Filter rules that are applied independently of the Service Levels. When you are finished defining the rule.

Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote Note The remaining fields on this tab are not applicable to iSCPC connections. 2. see the chapter titled “QoS Implementation Principals” in the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. Enter a Segment Size. In the SAR area of the screen. You can enable SAR and define a SAR segment size on the Data Rate sub-tab of the QoS tab. Segment Assembly and Reassembly (SAR) is not enabled on your iSCPC remotes. select the check box to the left of Segment Size to enable SAR. 3.0. For more on SAR. Follow these steps to enable SAR and set the segment length: 1. 26 . Click the Data Rate sub-tab at the bottom of the QoS tab.4 Enabling SAR By default.5.

used by the Look Angle Calculator. Geo Location dialog parameters. 27 .Note You do not need to configure the parameters on the Geo Location tab. are not required for iSCPC operation.

you can save the remote options file to your hard disk as follows: 1. The procedure assumes that you have already downloaded the iSCPC software to the remote modems. To load the configuration from a saved Options file. 28 .) 5. right-click on the remote in the Tree View and select Load Configuration From File. Your computer must be connected directly to the remote via a LAN crossover cable.0 Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations This section explains how to save your remote options files to disk and how to download the options files to your iSCPC remotes. or indirectly via an external switch or router. To apply the iSCPC configuration using iSite. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. In the Save As dialog box. Enter a file name and click the Save button. 4. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. Your subnet mask must match the remote’s subnet mask.6. Applying the iSCPC Configurations Follow this procedure to load the remote modems with the iSCPC parameters that you entered previously. If not. 2. please follow the procedure in section 2. 3.0 on page 3 before you execute the steps in this section. Saving a Remote Options File to Disk When you have finished entering the remote configuration parameters. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. (For details. the following conditions must exist: Your computer’s IP address must be in the range of addresses specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. Follow the steps in this section to apply the iSCPC configurations to your remote modems. you must first establish IP connectivity to that remote from your PC or laptop computer. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. 1. Before you can apply the iSCPC configuration to a remote. see “Logging On to iSite” on page 5. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu 2. Log on to the remote using iSite.

Then double-click the options file you want to apply to this remote. Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 29 .Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 6. navigate to the folder in which you stored the remote options file. In the Open dialog box.

This is described in the following section. 30 . Then click Reset Now. you are ready to commission the SCPC carriers with your Satellite Provider. In the Tree View. right-click the remote and select Apply Configuration to Remote. Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration After you have applied both configurations and reset the remotes.7.

Log on to the remote through the console port 5. you can turn it off by typing: tx cw off To force the remote to transmit a modulated carrier instead of a CW carrier. Connect the transmit IFL cable to the modems. Apply power to the remote modems when instructed by the satellite provider to bring up the carrier. If you are required to transmit at a frequency other than the operational frequency. 31 . reset the remote. increasing the power gradually until the desired level is reached. If a CW carrier is required. 6. 8. use the tx freq command to change to the new frequency. 4. Disconnect the power to the remote modems.X represents the increase or decrease in power.<XX. Warning 3. As preparation for carrier commissioning: 7. tx cw on 7.0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Review the remotes’ configurations to ensure that the L-Band frequencies and the ODU parameters are correct for the BUC and the LNB Follow the appropriate satellite provider access procedures and contact your Satellite Provider to commission the carrier. Note Begin with a low transmit power.7. If using a CW carrier. The range of transmit power for iDirect remotes is from -35 dBm to +7 dBm. 2. Enter the following command to adjust the transmit power of the remote: Tx Power +/.X> where XX. enter the following commands: a. The command has the following syntax: tx freq <fx> where <fx> is the L-band frequency in MHz. The remote must be powered off whenever the transmit or receive cables are connected or removed. Ensure that your remote is powered off before connecting the transmit cable to the remote. tx cw enable b.1 Determining the Transmit Power Work with your satellite provider to commission the carriers as follows: 1.

(See Figure 30. 32 . update the Transmit Power in the Transmit Properties section of the Information tab to match the power determined during the commissioning procedure.2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite After the proper carrier level has been established through the console port on both remotes. For each remote: 1.) Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite 2.0 on page 22 to apply the new configurations and reset the modems. Receive lock should now be achieved by both remotes and your iSCPC connection should be operational. you must update the transmit power in the iSite remote configuration. Follow the procedure in section 5. In iSite.7.

The iDirect keygen utility is a Linux-based executable file that you can load on any Linux-based computer to generate new keys or to convert existing keys to iDirect format.bz2 to your PC or laptop.bz2 with the keygen file. Log on to the Linux-based machine and change to the directory containing the zip file keygen. 5. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. you must add the encryption key to the options file of each remote in the connection and download the options files to the remotes. Note For iNFINITI remotes. Enter the following command to unzip keygen.8. 6. This will replace keygen. Only static keys are currently supported. Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site 4.bz2. copy keygen. Using a utility such as WinSCP. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. Changing keys requires you to edit and reload the options files. 8. Click the KEYGEN link and select Save to Disk in the dialog box to download keygen.iDirect. You can download keygen from the TAC web site by following these steps: 1. To enable encryption. Enter the following command to make keygen an executable file: chmod a+x keygen You can now use keygen to generate new encryption keys in the iDirect format or to convert existing binary keys to the iDirect format 33 . 3.0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections iDirect supports the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for iSCPC connections between iNFINITI remotes and Triple DES encryption for iSCPC connections between NetModems.bz2 7.1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility You must have a valid encryption key in the iDirect format before you can enable encryption for your iSCPC link. 2.bz2. 5350 and 7350 models. link encryption is only available on the 5150.bz2 from your PC or laptop to the directory on the Linux-based machine in which you plan to run keygen. bunzip2 keygen.

Follow these steps to convert an existing binary key to the iDirect format: 1. 3. 8. 2.txt and the resulting key. Log on to the Linux-based computer on which keygen is installed. you must execute keygen to convert it to the iDirect format. Enter the following command to perform the conversion: keygen -<key type> -file <filename> where <key type> is 3des or aes and <filename> is the name of the file containing the binary key. 8.8. However. see section 8.4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection Follow these steps for each remote in the iSCPC connection to enable encryption on the SCPC link: 34 . Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key Note To view the keygen command usage. Log on to the Linux-based machine on which keygen is installed. keygen requires the binary key to be contained in an input file. Enter the following command to generate an encryption key in iDirect format: keygen -<key type> -gen where <key type> is 3des or aes. 1. if you obtain a binary key from another source. 2. To perform the conversion. Copy the file containing the binary key to the Linux-based machine. enter keygen with no qualifiers.3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format Keygen generates new keys in the format required by the iDirect system. If you already have a valid binary key.3 for instructions on how to convert it to the iDirect format. Figure 32 shows the command to generate an AES encryption key to a file named key.2 Generating an Encryption Key Follow these steps to generate a new encryption key in the iDirect format.

Scroll to the bottom of the screen and click the Edit button. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. Figure 34 contains an example of this section of an options file after Link Encryption has been selected in iSite. (See instructions on page 5 for logging on to iSite. 3. Edit the remote options file as follows: a. the iSCPC Configuration Information tab will be displayed automatically.) 6. 7. Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite 8. 5.) Once you log on. Add the lines: enc_key = <Key> where <Key> is the key you generated using keygen. Enter a file name and click the Save button. Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite 4. Open the remote options file with Notepad or another text editor. In the Save As dialog box. 2. Scroll down in the options file until you see the [ENC] section.1. (Do not apply the changes at this time. Log on to your iSCPC remote using iSite. 35 . Delete the lines: enc_algorithm = dynamic enc_algorithm_mode = dynamic b. Select the Link Encryption check box (Figure 33). Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As.

follow the procedure in section 6. (For a NetModem. enc_algorithm_mode = <Mode> where <Mode> = CFB for iNFINITI remotes or CBC for NetModems. 36 .) Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption 9. enc_algorithm should be set to 3DES and enc_algorithm_mode should be set to CBC. Link encryption will take efffect on the iSCPC link after you have downloaded the modified options files to both remotes in your iSCPC connection. Using iSite.enc_algorithm = <Type> where <Type> = AES for iNFINITI remotes or 3DES for NetModems. 10.0 on page 28 to download the modified options file to the remote. enc_static = 1 For an iNFINITI remote. the edited options file should be similar to the example in Figure 35. Save the modified options file.

Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu 2. In the Telnet window.5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link Once you have enabled encryption on your iSCPC remotes. “iDirect” is the default Password. right click on the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Telnet from the menu. Enter the following command to verify that encryption is enabled on the remote: enc stats The following is sample output from an iNFINITI remote with AES encryption enabled: CurrentEncryptor = "AES_SW" CurrentEncryptorMode = "CFB" Encrypted = 12 Decrypted = 11 FailedToEncrypt = 0 FailedToDecrypt = 0 37 . In iSite. Perform these steps on both iSCPC remotes. 1.8. 3. you can verify that the link is successfully carrying encrypted data by following the steps in this section. log on to the remote modem as Username: Admin.

Figure 37 shows sample output of a successful ping command. Check the communication path by typing: ping <IP Address> where <IP Address> is the IP address of the peer remote. Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command 38 .PushThruRefused = 0 PushThruFailed = 0 Filtered = 0 4.

you can view the following data on an iSCPC remote: Configuration and status details of the remote equipment Modem parameters associated with the remote’s modulator and demodulator Ethernet statistics (Beginning with release 7.1) IP transmit and receive statistics Events generated by the remote This section explains how to use iSite to monitor these values. enter the following commands: eth. statistics and events associated with your remote modems.0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Using iSite. The Ethernet statistics and Satcom statistics will not be available in iSite until iDS release 7. and dma stats. Specifically.9. enter the commands scpc and scc stats. you can view these statistics from the command line as follows: Telnet to your remote.1) Satellite communications (Satcom) transmit and receive statistics (Beginning with release 7. In earlier releases. Note 9. you must log on to reset statistics or to view events. you can monitor the settings. However.1 Viewing Settings and Statistics The iSite Settings and Statistics screen has four tabs: Equipment Details Modem Parameters Ethernet Statistics Satcom Statistics Follow the procedure in this section to view the Settings and Statistics screen: 1. hdlc stats. On iNFINITI remotes. On NetModems.1. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Settings and Statistics View from the menu. (Figure 38) 39 . You do not need to be logged on to iSite to view the various settings and statistics.

Click the tab you wish to view. An overview of each tab is discussed below. depending on the selected screen type (configure or monitor).Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu 2. You can also open the Settings and Statistics screen. from the Monitor menu in the iSite menu bar. it is important to note that the menu bar is context-sensitive. as well as the other monitor screens. Note 40 . However. The selection of available menus changes.

including operating temperature. transmit and receive lock.Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab The Equipment Details tab is shown in Figure 39. This tab displays status and configuration details about the remote modem. receive Automatic Gain Control (AGC). The status information is updated in real time. the receiver is not locked to a carrier. 41 . etc. Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab Note If the Downstream SNR field displays -1.

Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab The Modem Parameters tab is shown in Figure 40. This tab displays configuration details about the remote modem’s Modulator and Demodulator, as well as the Connection Data Source and Interface Type.

Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab

Note

The Data Source field in the Connection area of the screen indicates the source of the data transmitted by this remote.

42

Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab The Ethernet Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the LAN interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and interrupt statistics. The information shown on the Ethernet Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the IP Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Ethernet Statistics tab is shown in Figure 41.

Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab

43

Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab The Satcom Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the satellite interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and other (miscellaneous) statistics. The information shown on the Satcom Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the Satcom Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Satcom Statistics tab is shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab

44

(Figure 43) View from the Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu 45 . By selecting display parameters. you can customize various aspects of the graph. The graph shows real-time data. Right-click your iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select IP Stats menu.2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph iSite’s IP statistics graph displays IP traffic in both the transmit direction and the receive direction. To display the IP Statistics graph. beginning at the time that the screen is launched. such as the type of IP packets displayed and the time interval of the data.9. 1.

and with all parameters enabled. Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu 46 . If you want to modify the display parameters. the IP Statistics graph is displayed with panes for both transmit and receive packets.By default. (See Figure 44. right-click anywhere in the graph area of the screen to view the context menu.) Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display 2.

Minutes: Displays one hour of data. Properties (context menu only): Allows to you modify the default color settings. Hours: Displays 12 hours of data. Units: Toggles the y-axis of the graph between kilobits per second (by selecting Bits) and kilobytes per second (by selecting Bytes). or both. Interval: Toggles the x-axis of the graph among the following selections: Seconds: Displays three minutes of data. Some parameters are configurable only from the context menu. Activity: Allows you to select which IP traffic types to display. Direction: Allows you to view the transmit traffic graph. (See Figure 45. averaged over 10 minutes.) All others can be selected either from the context menu or from the parameters area of the screen. averaged over one minute. Menu-only selections are indicated in parentheses below. The parameter selections are discussed below. or select Parameters from the menu to show the parameters area of the screen as shown in Figure 46.3. or to show the total IP traffic as a single line on the graph. 47 . Parameters (context menu only): Displays the parameters section at the top of the screen. Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area The selectable display options for the IP Statistics graph are listed here. the receive traffic graph. Legend (context menu only): Displays a color-coded legend of the graph contents. Either select the display settings directly from the context menu.

Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu 48 . loss of receive lock. You can view the events generated by an iSCPC remote as follows: 1. etc. Select Event View from the menu. 2. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View.3 Viewing Remote Events iSCPC remotes generate events and warnings concerning various aspects of operation such as component failures.9.

The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. 49 . enter the command telnet 0 to connect to the iDirect application. Once you have saved the port setup. Launch a terminal emulator such as Tera Term or HyperTerminal and configure the serial connection with the settings shown in Figure 48: Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters 3. A.1 for details. The procedure for determining the IP address differs slightly between iNFINITI remotes and NetModems. In order to determine the IP address. 2. follow the instructions in section A.1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem In order to determine the IP address of your remote you must first establish a console connection to the remote from your PC. At the Linux prompt. 4.2 to determine the IP address of the modem.3 to determine the IP address of the modem.2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your remote modem. If you are connected to a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. At the prompt. (See section A. If you are connected to an iNFINITI remote. Follow these steps to establish a console connection: 1.) 1. Connect a serial cable between the COM1 port of your PC or Laptop and the console port on the remote modem. press Enter a few times to generate a login prompt from the modem. you must first establish a console connection to the modem from your PC and log on to the iDirect application on the modem. log on to the root account. The default password is iDirect. follow the instructions in section A. A.Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address This appendix provides the procedure for determining the IP address of an iDirect remote modem.

) The steps of this procedure are illustrated in Figure 49.0 2. At the command line prompt. (See Appendix B for details.3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect to the remote modem using iSite. Note the IP address and subnet mask.2. Log on using the following username and password: Username: admin Password: iDirect 3. This is sample output: > laninfo Address: 92. enter the command laninfo.168. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect the remote modem using iSite. 4. (See Appendix B for details.) 1.65 Netmask: 55. (See section A. Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote A. Note the IP address and subnet mask.255.1 for details.255.) 50 .4. Enter the command laninfo to view the IP address and subnet mask of your router.

From your computer’s Control Panel. This screen’s appearance varies in Windows 2000 and Windows XP. double-click Network Connections. 2. Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box 3. Launch the Local Area Connection Status dialog box (Figure 50) by double-clicking your LAN connection. Click the Properties button to display the Local Area Connection properties sheet. Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet 51 .Appendix B Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Establish IP connectivity to the remote modem from your laptop by modifying your IP address as follows: 1.

you do not need to specify DNS server addresses. c. Select Use the following IP address.4. d. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box: a. This enables you to connect using “telnet” or iSite. Click OK to save your changes. b. select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). On the Local Area Connection properties sheet. Then click the Properties button to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box. 52 . Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box 5. Note For a local connection. Once you have reconfigured the IP address on your PC or laptop. you should have IP connectivity to the remote modem. Enter the same Subnet mask that you retrieved from the remote modem using the laninfo command. Enter an IP address that is inside the range specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask.

53 . If you do not know the IP address of your remote. determine it by following the procedure in Appendix A. you can connect to your remote by creating an unknown element in the iSite Tree View and logging on to that element using the remote’s IP address. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree and select Login from the menu.0] is added to the iSite tree.0.) Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery 6. 3. 2. iSite should automatically discover any iDirect modems to which it has IP connectivity. (“iDirect” is the default admin password. Click OK to log on. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. the auto-discover feature does not always work reliably with PCs or laptops running Windows XP. Enter the Admin Password and click OK. In the iSite Tree View. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. 5.1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery If the iSite auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. enter the IP Address of the remote and select Admin. Follow these steps: 1. This appendix discusses methods for accessing your remotes using iSite if the auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC or laptop.Appendix C Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled On startup.0. The appendix has the following sections: Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC C. However. 4.

To start the Registry Editor. Follow these steps to modify your Windows Registry to use IGMPv2: 1.2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC In order for the auto-discovery feature to work correctly. 2. iDirect recommends that this change be tested in a controlled environment on an identical PC to verify that machines to be used in the field will not be affected. Warning Warning A copy of your current registry should be saved prior to making any changes. The procedure in this section details the steps required to reconfigure a PC using IGMPv3 to use IGMPv2. In the Registry Editor (Figure 55). in case you need to revert to the original settings. iSite requires IGMPv2 messages. This procedure requires you to modify your Windows Registry. Therefore. Click the Start button in your Windows Taskbar and select Run from the start menu. any Registry modifications can potentially affect the ability of other applications on your PC to execute correctly. if your PC is running Windows XP. navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Tcpip/ 54 . PCs running Windows XP are generally configured to use IGMPv3. This can be accomplished using the File -> Export command in the Registry Editor. Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor 3. While PCs running Windows 2000 are generally configured to use IGMPv2. the iSite auto-discovery feature may not work reliably.C. enter the command regedit in the Open text box and click OK. Although iDirect is not currently aware of any issues associated with this change.

In the Name column of the right-hand pane of the Registry Editor. In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor 6. Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2 55 . select Parameters. right-click IGMPVersion and select Modify from the menu to display the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. The value 3 represents IGMP version 2. enter the value 3. Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor 5.4. Under Tcpip.

Note You may need to restart your PC or laptop for the registry change to take effect. 56 .7. Click OK to save the change.

Table 3: LNB Frequency Stability Requirements vs. Remote Data Rate 57 .Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. The table below shows the frequency stability required at various data rates.

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