iSCPC User Guide

IDS Release 7.0 September 15, 2006

13865 Sunrise Valley Drive | Herndon, VA 20171 | +1 703.648.8000 | www.iDirect.net

Copyright © 2006 iDirect, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The specifications and information regarding the products in this manual are subject to change without notice. All statements, information, and recommendations in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express, or implied. Users must take full responsibility for their application of any products. Trademarks, brand names and products mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective owners. All such references are used strictly in an editorial fashion with no intent to convey any affiliation with the name or the product’s rightful owner.

ii

Contents
1.0 2.0 Procedure Overview........................................................................................... 1 Installing the iSCPC Software ........................................................................... 3

1.1 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................1

2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client ..............................................3 2.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software......................................................3 Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site .......................................................4 Installing Software from the a CD .....................................................................................4 2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem.........................................................5 Logging On to iSite............................................................................................................5 Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote................................................6 Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus............................8

3.0

Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite .......................................................... 11

3.1 Adding an Unknown Element ......................................................................................11 3.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration...............................................................................11 3.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab...................................13 Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties ........................................13 iSCPC Modulation Modes ...............................................................................................14 3.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote ..........................................................15

4.0

Configuring the Remote IP Addresses ........................................................... 17

4.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines ..................................................................17 4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information .....................................................................17 4.3 Examples .......................................................................................................................18 Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................18 Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled ................................................................19

5.0

Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters......................................... 22

5.1 Adding Service Levels..................................................................................................23 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels...................................................................................23 5.3 Adding Filter Rules .......................................................................................................25 5.4 Enabling SAR ................................................................................................................26

6.0

Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations ........................................... 28
Saving a Remote Options File to Disk ............................................................................28 Applying the iSCPC Configurations ................................................................................28

iii

.......41 Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab ....................................................................2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote.................................................................. 57 iv ...........1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem....................... 33 8.......................................................................................0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers......................... 49 A.....................2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC ...............................................53 C...2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph ...1 Determining the Transmit Power................ 53 C................................5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link ..............................................................................................1 Viewing Settings and Statistics ......0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections ...................................................3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus............................45 9..............................31 7.....................2 Generating an Encryption Key..................................................................................................1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility......54 Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements ..............3 Viewing Remote Events................34 8............32 8...........................4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection............43 Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab ....37 9..........................................................................................................................................................................................................34 8..............................................42 Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab........7................................39 9.........................3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format ................................................... 51 Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled ..49 A.................1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery...................... 39 Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ....0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes ......................................................33 8............................................................................................................... 31 7..........48 Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address ..............34 8.......................2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite .......................................50 Appendix B Appendix C Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address ...49 A.......44 9.......

.............................................................. 21 Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic............... 18 Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box........................................................................................................... 9 Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box .................................. 35 Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite ........................................................................................................ 23 Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule ......................................................................................................................................................... 33 Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key ............................................................................................. 6 Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download ........................................... 12 Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box .................................................................. 25 Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote .................................................................. 24 Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree................................................ 28 Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu.................................................................................................................................................................................. 19 Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route ..................................... 26 Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu .................... 30 Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................Figures Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu...................................... 17 Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled ........................... 22 Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level ........................................... 6 Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu . 35 Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption........................................................................... 21 Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway............................................................................................................................ 7 Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box.......................... 9 Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu..................... 36 v ... 5 Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box............ 32 Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site .......................................................................................................................................... 11 Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu............................................................................ 34 Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite................................... 29 Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration ... 24 Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level..................................................................................... 11 Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 20 Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box.................... 20 Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway ........ 29 Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu....... 13 Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab .................

.............................................................................. 48 Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters . 50 Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box........................... 40 Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ....................................... 52 Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery................................................................................. 43 Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab............................................................................................................................. 42 Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab .............................................. 46 Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area.................................................................................. 49 Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote ......................................................... 47 Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu................................................................................................................................................... 38 Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu...................................... 55 Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor............................................................................................... 55 vi ... 45 Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display ................................................................ 51 Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet............................................................................... 51 Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box.......................................................................Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu ........................................................................................................ 55 Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2............... 54 Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor .............................................................. 46 Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 41 Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab............................. 53 Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor.................................................. 37 Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command ............................................................................... 44 Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu ..........................................................................

The document contains the following major sections and appendices: Installing the iSCPC Software Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite Configuring the Remote IP Addresses Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Determining Your Remote’s IP Address Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled LNB Frequency Stability Requirements 1. you will create two new remotes in your network. and connect them over a satellite link.0 Procedure Overview This document contains the procedure for using iSite to create point-to-point. SCPC connections between iDirect remote modems. Appendix D shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. Please read this entire document before building your iSCPC network.1. configure them with the appropriate parameters. 1 . Obtained the frequency assignments from the satellite provider Obtained the operating specifications for the BUC and the LNB Built the antenna and installed the IFL cable Pointed the antenna and verified the polarization (if appropriate) with the satellite provider For details on the final two items in the above list.1 Assumptions The procedure assumes that you have: Obtained the completed link budget Installed the proper equipment to meet the link budget requirements Note The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. In the procedure. see the iDirect Remote Installation and Commissioning Guide.

see the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. For details on configuring an iSCPC connection between a remote and an iSCPC line card.0. Beginning with iDS Release 7. Note 2 . This document contains the procedure for creating iSCPC connections using iSite. you can also establish iSCPC connections between remotes and iSCPC line cards located at the hub using iBuilder.Warning Do not connect the transmit IFL cable to the remote modem until you are instructed to do so in the commissioning section of this document.0.

Once you have successfully installed the files on your PC. 3. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. In the dialog box. Click the link for the iSCPC release you want to install. or you can download the files to any PC and copy them to an installation CD. containing the iSCPC software for each iDirect modem type: • • iNFINITI NetModem II 3 . they will be organized into the following folders: A folder containing iSCPC documents and tools A folder. 4. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. You can download the files directly to the client PC. 2. It also contains the procedure for downloading the iSCPC software from your PC to your NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. 2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client You can download the iSCPC modem software and iSite GUI client from the iDirect Technical Assistance (TAC) web site at http://tac. depending on whether you have downloaded the software from the iDirect TAC web site directly to the client PC.2. 2. with three subfolders. select Save to Disk and click OK.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software The steps for installing the software package on your PC differ slightly. The following sections provide the procedures for each case. follow these steps: 1.iDirect. To download the iSCPC software from the TAC web site.net/.0 Installing the iSCPC Software This section describes the steps for obtaining and installing the iDirect iSCPC modem software and related application software on a PC running Windows.iDirect.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. or you have created a copy on CD.

0.1.com/). you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. 2.pkware.0. 5. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. To make it convenient to start iSite.info-zip. Installing Software from the a CD Follow these steps if you want to install the iSCPC package from a CD: 1. To make it convenient to start iSite.winzip. Extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the .zip and extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the . 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. and PKZIP (http://www.zip format. among others.winzip. For example. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number. Follow these steps to complete the installation: 1.pkware.com/). Select the file iSCPC-<version>. where <version> is the iDirect release number.info-zip. 3. Copy the ZIP archive file to the directory into which you want to extract the files. 4. among others.org/). where <version> is the iDirect release number.1. 4 . For example. Copy the ZIP archive file to the location on the client PC into which you want to extract the files. and PKZIP (http://www. Insert the CD into the CD drive of your PC. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7.zip. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. (The ZIP file will be named iSCPC-<version>.com/).) 2. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www.com/). This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number. Open the CD drive and navigate to the CD folder containing the file iSCPC<version>.• NetModem II Plus A folder containing the iSite client software Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site Once you have downloaded the software from the TAC web site. 3.zip format.zip.org/). all files will be contained in a single ZIP archive file on your PC. WinZip (http://www. WinZip (http://www.

Note 5. 2. see Appendix C on page 53 for alternate methods of logging on to the remote. (Or navigate to the directory in which you stored the iSite application and double-click iSite. 3. Start iSite by opening the shortcut that you created earlier. 1. Auto-discovery does not work reliably in all versions of the Windows operating system. Log on to the remote using iSite as follows: a.) 4. If iSite does not discover your remote modem. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. depending on whether you have NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. iSite should automatically discover the modem and display it in the iSite Tree View. The steps for downloading the software vary slightly. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu 5 . Logging On to iSite Follow these steps to log on to your remote modem using iSite.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem The procedures in this section explain how to log on to iSite and download the iSCPC software images to your remote modems. connect a straight-through LAN cable to any of the eight LAN B ports. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. (If you are connecting to a 5000 Series or 7000 Series iNFINITI remote.2. Right-click the remote in the iSite Tree View (Figure 1) and select Login to display the Login dialog box (Figure 2).) Assuming that you have IP connectivity between the NetModem and your PC.

(See Figure 5). select Admin. Click OK to log on. follow the steps in the next section. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box.) Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box c. If you have a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus modem. please skip to the section “Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus” on page 8. Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu 6 . Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Package from the menu to display the Download Package dialog box. (“iDirect” is the default Admin password. 1.b. If you have NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. If you have an iNFINITI remote. Then enter the Admin Password and click OK. follow the procedure in the next section to download the software from your PC to the remote modem. Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to download the executable images to an iDirect iNFINITI remote.

2. In the Reset area.pkg file to select the package for download and return to the Download Package dialog box. c. In the Configurations area. 4. Click the Start button to begin the download. In the Open dialog box. select Don’t reset. the iNFINITI software package is installed on your PC in the following folder: NetModem-<version #>/Images/Remote_iNFINITI. navigate to the folder that contains the iNFINITI software package. double-click the . 7 . In the Open dialog box. where <version #> is the iDirect release number. select Don’t check versions. By default. select Download images only. The file names for all files to be downloaded are displayed in the Contents area of the dialog box. Select the following options in the Download Package dialog box: a. In the Image Version Check area. b. Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download 3. Click the Open button in the Download Package dialog box to display the Open dialog box (Figure 4). 5.

) 8 . Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Images from the menu to display the Download Command Center dialog box. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. (See Figure 8. 1. 7. follow the steps in the previous section. Close the Download Package dialog box when the word Done is displayed.Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box 6. Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus Follow these steps to download the executable images to an iDirect NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. If you have iNFINITI remotes. indicating that the package download is complete. Monitor the progress of the download in the Information area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC.

In the Open dialog box.ldr file to select the images for download and return to the Download Command Center dialog box. Select DEFRAGMENT in the Download Command Center dialog box. Click the Select button in the Download Command Center dialog box (Figure 8) to display the Open dialog box.Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu 2. Click the Download button to begin the download. In the Open dialog box. By default. the correct set of images will automatically be selected for download. 9 . 4.ldr file. When you select the . 5. double-click the . navigate to the folder that contains the NetModem software images for your NetModem or NetModem II Plus. these images are installed on your PC in the following folders: NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_NM2 NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_2Plus Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download 3.

Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box 6. 10 . indicating that the image download is complete. Close the Download Command Center dialog box when the word Completed is displayed. Monitor the progress of the download in the Status area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. 7. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time.

0.) Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree 3. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree.0. 3. Launch iSite. (See Figure 11.) 2.1 Adding an Unknown Element Add a new element in iSite as follows: 1.0 Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite This section explains how to use iSite to configure an iSCPC connection between two remotes. (Do not log on at this point. In the Tree View.) Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu 11 . 2. (See Figure 9. Select Create Configuration iSCPC to display the iSCPC Configuration dialog box Information tab. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0.0] is added to the iSite tree.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration Follow these steps to create the iSCPC element in the Tree View: 1. You will need to configure these parameters on each of the two remotes in the circuit.3. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu.

Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab 12 .

Select the Model Type of your remote modem. see “Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections” on page 33.) 5. enter and confirm the new password. 13 . Transmit Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Transmit L-Band Frequency = RF Uplink Center Frequency – BUC Translation Frequency BUC Translation Frequency: Determined by the operational parameters of the BUC. b. This setting will be adjusted during the commissioning procedure. Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box 4. using the guidelines in the next section. Click OK to save the password and return to the main dialog box. (For details on configuring your iSCPC connection for Link Encryption. 2. c.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab Once you have created the iSCPC element in the Tree View. In the Change Password dialog box (Figure 12).3. 1. If you want to change the User Password or the Admin Password for the remote: a. Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties Use these guidelines when entering the iSCPC transmit and receive properties. entered in kbps. Click on the ellipsis button (…) beside the password text box for the password you want to change. entered in MHz Transmit Power: Enter a transmit power of –25 dBm. Enter the Transmit and Receive properties. Select any options (such as Link Encryption or Compression types) that you want to apply to your iSCPC connection. Enter the Serial Number of your remote modem. follow these steps to configure the parameters on the remote Information tab. 3. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment.

Modulation: Select a modulation type.) Scrambling: Select the default. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the BUC.0.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. IDR. iSite limits your selections of Modulation and Error Correction parameters to those supported on your modem for your release. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the BUC. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the LNB and downconverter. (See Table 1 for options. This is the only available selection. IDR. (See Table 1 for options. entered in kbps.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. FEC Blocks per frame: Select a frame length that is as close as possible to 125 ms. When configuring your iSCPC connections. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. iSCPC Modulation Modes Table 1 shows the iSCPC FEC rates and modulation modes supported for each iDirect modem type in iDirect release 7. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the BUC. This is the only available selection. Receive Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Receive L-Band Frequency = RF Downlink Center Frequency – LNB Translation Frequency LNB Translation Freq: Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the LNB. 14 . FEC Blocks per Frame: Enter the same value as configured for the transmit properties of the peer remote.) Scrambling: Select the default. LNB Stability (+/-): Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. Earlier releases support a subset of these services. entered in MHz. entered in MHz.Modulation: Select a modulation type. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the LNB.

7000 Series 5000 Series.3 to create and configure the second remote in the iSCPC connection.Table 1: iSCPC Modulation Modes Modulation Mode 7. which requires bit-stuffing to prevent false end-of-frame detection.1 through 3.879 Hardware Support 5000 Series.495 . and always slightly less than the numbers indicated in the table.431 . 7300 Series BPSK Yes Yes X Yes X Yes QPSK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8PSK X X X Yes X Yes Block Size 1K 4K 4K 16K Payload § Bytes 53 66 251 404 1800 § SCPC channel framing uses a modified HDLC header. 15 . 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote Repeat the steps in sections 3. 3. 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series. The diagram on the next page will help you to determine the correct parameters.0 iSCPC Links iSCPC FEC .793 . The actual payload is variable.533 .

Band Remote A BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote A LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ 16 .Remote A RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L -Band Satell ite Remote B RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Downlink Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L-Band Satellite ____________ NetModem A NetModem B Remote A RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Down Link Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L -Band Remote B RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L .

Enter the ETH0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask for the default VLAN. Enable RIP routing by selecting Enable RIPv2. 17 . RIP on Eth0 must be enabled in both remotes or static routes must be in place to direct traffic.) Therefore. You must enable RIP on ETH0 for both remotes.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines Follow these guidelines when configuring the IP addressing information for each remote: Eth0 of remote A cannot be within the same network as the Eth0 of remote B.) 4.4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information 1. 4. Enter the SAT0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask. Note The IP addressing should be planned such that the SAT0 interfaces on both of the iSCPC remotes are in the same subnet.) Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab 2. 3. 4. do one of the following: a. (See Figure 13.0 Configuring the Remote IP Addresses This section provides guidelines and procedures for configuring the IP addresses on the remotes in your iSCPC connection. or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. Sat0 must not be within either of the networks used on either Eth0. (See the examples in the next section for the steps required for these operations. Sat0 of remote A must be within the same network as the Sat0 of remote B. (See the examples beginning on 18. Click the IP Configuration tab.

Remote B should be configured in a similar manner. Select the IP Configuration tab.2 / 24 To configure the iSCPC connection using RIPv2: 1.1. Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled 18 .1 / 24 10.1 / 24 Sat0 Addresses 10. the remotes are configured with the IP Addresses shown in Table 2. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. Figure 14 shows the configuration for Remote A.Or b. In the ETH0 Interface section.3 Examples These examples in this section illustrate how to configure your remotes with RIPv2 enabled (Example 1) and how to configure your remotes using static routes with RIPv2 disabled (Example 2). Select the Enable RIPv2 check box for both the Eth0 Interface and the Sat0 Interface. Repeat these steps for the peer remote. Table 2: IP Addressing Schemes for Examples A and B Remote Remote A Remote B Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled Eth0 Addresses 192.168.0. In the examples. 3.2.1 / 24 192. 4. Add Static Route on each remote with the gateway pointing to the SAT0 interface on the peer remote. using the second set of addresses in Table 2.0.0.0. 4. 5. In the SAT0 Interface section. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. 2.168.

6. Select the IP Configuration tab. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. select Sat0. 7. In the IP Address text box. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box 19 . 3. In the ETH0 Interface section. 5. enter the peer remote’s Sat0 interface. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. 9. Click OK. In Gateway. Enter the Subnet Mask. 2. 8. Since there is only one static route. 4. enter the range of addresses that you want to forward to the peer remote over the satellite. In the SAT0 Interface section.Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled To configure the iSCPC connection with RIPv2 disabled using static routes: 1. In Interface. Figure 16 shows the IP Configuration tab on Remote A after adding the IP addressing information and the static route. 10. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. Open the Add Static Route or Edit Static Route dialog box for the remote by clicking the Add or Edit button in the Static Routes section of the dialog box. Figure 15 illustrates adding the static route to Remote A.

168. If a site is configured with a gateway. Figure 17 shows the addition of gateway 192. in the example. then default routing is not sufficient to forward traffic received on the sat0 interface to the router on the LAN.2 to the configuration in Figure 16. Thus. In the Static Routes area. if a packet is destined for the IP Address.168. follow these additional steps: 1. (Figure 18) 20 .0/24 network.0.0.2) using its own Sat0 interface. A common configuration includes a gateway router at one site to handle traffic on a customer network. Remote B’s Sat0 is programmed by default to send those packets to remote B’s Eth0.1.Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route Looking at the static route configured in Figure 16. if Remote A receives a packet on its Eth0 interface destined for the 192. it will forward the packet to Remote B’s Sat0 Gateway (10. select the default route and click the Edit button to display the Edit Static Route dialog box. the remote will forward it to the Gateway through the configured Interface. Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway To add a static route that will forward the satellite traffic to the gateway over the LAN interface.2.

select Eth0. any packet that the remote receives on its sat0 interface will be routed to the gateway with IP address 192.2 on the eth0 interface. 21 . In Interface.168. Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway Figure 19 shows the addition of the static route for the LAN gateway. enter the IP address of the gateway. 4. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC.Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box 2. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route.1. In Gateway. Since there is only one static route. 3. 5. Note that selecting Eth0 in the Edit Static Route dialog box results in ixp1 in the Interface column for the static route. With the addition of the new static route. Click OK.

voice packets require minimal latency and jitter. Configuring QoS parameters to allow voice packets to be sent at a higher priority than data packets can improve the QoS of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic. you will see three additional sub-tabs at the bottom of the screen labeled Traffic. latency. etc. source and destination IP addresses. jitter and packet loss. you can configure service levels and filters that control the QoS of the traffic on your iSCPC link. Selecting a sub-tab allows you to define the parameters for each category. among others. When you click the QoS tab for your iSCPC connection. Using the QoS tab.0 Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the classification and prioritization of IP traffic in order to optimize the delivery of packets based on various criteria such as traffic type.5. Filter and Data Rate (Figure 20).0. For example. Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic 22 . For a detailed discussion of iDirect QoS principals see the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. Attributes of a connection that affect QoS include throughput.

3. follow these steps: 1. Click the Edit button at the bottom of the dialog box to enable editing. Select the Service Level in the Rules area of the QoS Traffic sub-tab and click the Add button to display the Add Rule dialog box (Figure 23). that Service Level is displayed in the Rules area of the dialog box. Enter a Level Name for the service level.1 Adding Service Levels To define a Service Level on the QoS tab. Click the Add button in the Service Levels area of the screen to display the Add Service Level dialog box (Figure 21). 5. 2.5. Select the Traffic sub-tab of the QoS tab. 23 . (For descriptions of the various Service Level parameters.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels Once you’ve defined a Service Level. You can add rules to the Service Level as follows: 1. see the section “Adding a Service Level” in the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level 4.0.) 5. Enter the remaining QoS parameters for your Service Level as required.

Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level 2. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. define the rule for this Service Level by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. In the Add Rule dialog box. 24 .

click OK to save your changes.3 Adding Filter Rules In addition to the rules associated with your Service Levels. 2. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. 5. In the QoS Filter sub-tab. When you are finished defining the rule. In the Add Filter dialog box. 25 . you can also add Filter rules that are applied independently of the Service Levels. click the Add button to display the Add Filter dialog box (Figure 24). define the rule by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. When you are finished defining the rule. Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule 3. select the Filter sub-tab. To add these rules: 1.3. click OK to save your changes. 4. At the bottom of the QoS tab.

see the chapter titled “QoS Implementation Principals” in the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. Follow these steps to enable SAR and set the segment length: 1. 26 . In the SAR area of the screen. 2. Enter a Segment Size. Click the Data Rate sub-tab at the bottom of the QoS tab. For more on SAR. 3. select the check box to the left of Segment Size to enable SAR. Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote Note The remaining fields on this tab are not applicable to iSCPC connections. Segment Assembly and Reassembly (SAR) is not enabled on your iSCPC remotes.4 Enabling SAR By default.5. You can enable SAR and define a SAR segment size on the Data Rate sub-tab of the QoS tab.0.

used by the Look Angle Calculator. are not required for iSCPC operation. Geo Location dialog parameters. 27 .Note You do not need to configure the parameters on the Geo Location tab.

Before you can apply the iSCPC configuration to a remote. Your subnet mask must match the remote’s subnet mask. 1. the following conditions must exist: Your computer’s IP address must be in the range of addresses specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. see “Logging On to iSite” on page 5. To load the configuration from a saved Options file. 4. In the Save As dialog box. If not. 28 . Applying the iSCPC Configurations Follow this procedure to load the remote modems with the iSCPC parameters that you entered previously.6. The procedure assumes that you have already downloaded the iSCPC software to the remote modems. Log on to the remote using iSite. Saving a Remote Options File to Disk When you have finished entering the remote configuration parameters. or indirectly via an external switch or router. Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu 2.) 5. Enter a file name and click the Save button. right-click on the remote in the Tree View and select Load Configuration From File. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. (For details. you can save the remote options file to your hard disk as follows: 1.0 Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations This section explains how to save your remote options files to disk and how to download the options files to your iSCPC remotes. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. Follow the steps in this section to apply the iSCPC configurations to your remote modems. To apply the iSCPC configuration using iSite.0 on page 3 before you execute the steps in this section. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. 3. 2. Your computer must be connected directly to the remote via a LAN crossover cable. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. you must first establish IP connectivity to that remote from your PC or laptop computer. please follow the procedure in section 2.

In the Open dialog box. Then double-click the options file you want to apply to this remote.Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 6. navigate to the folder in which you stored the remote options file. Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 29 .

7. Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration After you have applied both configurations and reset the remotes. you are ready to commission the SCPC carriers with your Satellite Provider. This is described in the following section. In the Tree View. right-click the remote and select Apply Configuration to Remote. Then click Reset Now. 30 .

Log on to the remote through the console port 5. 6.<XX. reset the remote. you can turn it off by typing: tx cw off To force the remote to transmit a modulated carrier instead of a CW carrier. increasing the power gradually until the desired level is reached. 2. If you are required to transmit at a frequency other than the operational frequency. Apply power to the remote modems when instructed by the satellite provider to bring up the carrier. Enter the following command to adjust the transmit power of the remote: Tx Power +/. Warning 3. The command has the following syntax: tx freq <fx> where <fx> is the L-band frequency in MHz. 8. Ensure that your remote is powered off before connecting the transmit cable to the remote.1 Determining the Transmit Power Work with your satellite provider to commission the carriers as follows: 1. tx cw on 7. If using a CW carrier. The remote must be powered off whenever the transmit or receive cables are connected or removed. use the tx freq command to change to the new frequency. If a CW carrier is required. 31 .0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Review the remotes’ configurations to ensure that the L-Band frequencies and the ODU parameters are correct for the BUC and the LNB Follow the appropriate satellite provider access procedures and contact your Satellite Provider to commission the carrier.X represents the increase or decrease in power. Disconnect the power to the remote modems. Connect the transmit IFL cable to the modems. tx cw enable b. Note Begin with a low transmit power.X> where XX. enter the following commands: a. 4. As preparation for carrier commissioning: 7.7. The range of transmit power for iDirect remotes is from -35 dBm to +7 dBm.

Receive lock should now be achieved by both remotes and your iSCPC connection should be operational. you must update the transmit power in the iSite remote configuration.) Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite 2. Follow the procedure in section 5.2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite After the proper carrier level has been established through the console port on both remotes. In iSite. update the Transmit Power in the Transmit Properties section of the Information tab to match the power determined during the commissioning procedure.0 on page 22 to apply the new configurations and reset the modems. 32 . (See Figure 30.7. For each remote: 1.

Enter the following command to unzip keygen. Enter the following command to make keygen an executable file: chmod a+x keygen You can now use keygen to generate new encryption keys in the iDirect format or to convert existing binary keys to the iDirect format 33 . Log on to the Linux-based machine and change to the directory containing the zip file keygen. link encryption is only available on the 5150. 5350 and 7350 models. 3. 8.bz2 to your PC or laptop.bz2 7. Note For iNFINITI remotes. bunzip2 keygen.1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility You must have a valid encryption key in the iDirect format before you can enable encryption for your iSCPC link. you must add the encryption key to the options file of each remote in the connection and download the options files to the remotes. The iDirect keygen utility is a Linux-based executable file that you can load on any Linux-based computer to generate new keys or to convert existing keys to iDirect format.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site 4. 6. To enable encryption. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. You can download keygen from the TAC web site by following these steps: 1. Click the KEYGEN link and select Save to Disk in the dialog box to download keygen.bz2.bz2. Changing keys requires you to edit and reload the options files. copy keygen. Only static keys are currently supported.bz2 with the keygen file. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac.0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections iDirect supports the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for iSCPC connections between iNFINITI remotes and Triple DES encryption for iSCPC connections between NetModems. This will replace keygen. 5.bz2 from your PC or laptop to the directory on the Linux-based machine in which you plan to run keygen.8. 2.iDirect. Using a utility such as WinSCP.

3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format Keygen generates new keys in the format required by the iDirect system. To perform the conversion. Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key Note To view the keygen command usage. Enter the following command to perform the conversion: keygen -<key type> -file <filename> where <key type> is 3des or aes and <filename> is the name of the file containing the binary key. However. Log on to the Linux-based machine on which keygen is installed. Copy the file containing the binary key to the Linux-based machine. 8. 8. Follow these steps to convert an existing binary key to the iDirect format: 1.4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection Follow these steps for each remote in the iSCPC connection to enable encryption on the SCPC link: 34 . you must execute keygen to convert it to the iDirect format. see section 8. 3.8. keygen requires the binary key to be contained in an input file. If you already have a valid binary key. if you obtain a binary key from another source. enter keygen with no qualifiers. 2. Log on to the Linux-based computer on which keygen is installed. Figure 32 shows the command to generate an AES encryption key to a file named key.txt and the resulting key. 1.3 for instructions on how to convert it to the iDirect format. Enter the following command to generate an encryption key in iDirect format: keygen -<key type> -gen where <key type> is 3des or aes.2 Generating an Encryption Key Follow these steps to generate a new encryption key in the iDirect format. 2.

Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite 4. Scroll down in the options file until you see the [ENC] section. Add the lines: enc_key = <Key> where <Key> is the key you generated using keygen.) 6. Log on to your iSCPC remote using iSite. Delete the lines: enc_algorithm = dynamic enc_algorithm_mode = dynamic b. 35 . 5. 7. Edit the remote options file as follows: a. 3. the iSCPC Configuration Information tab will be displayed automatically. 2. Enter a file name and click the Save button. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. Open the remote options file with Notepad or another text editor. Figure 34 contains an example of this section of an options file after Link Encryption has been selected in iSite. Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite 8.) Once you log on. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. Select the Link Encryption check box (Figure 33). Scroll to the bottom of the screen and click the Edit button. (Do not apply the changes at this time. In the Save As dialog box. (See instructions on page 5 for logging on to iSite.1.

the edited options file should be similar to the example in Figure 35. Using iSite. enc_algorithm_mode = <Mode> where <Mode> = CFB for iNFINITI remotes or CBC for NetModems.0 on page 28 to download the modified options file to the remote. Link encryption will take efffect on the iSCPC link after you have downloaded the modified options files to both remotes in your iSCPC connection. (For a NetModem. enc_static = 1 For an iNFINITI remote. Save the modified options file. 36 .) Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption 9. 10. follow the procedure in section 6.enc_algorithm = <Type> where <Type> = AES for iNFINITI remotes or 3DES for NetModems. enc_algorithm should be set to 3DES and enc_algorithm_mode should be set to CBC.

“iDirect” is the default Password.5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link Once you have enabled encryption on your iSCPC remotes. In the Telnet window. Perform these steps on both iSCPC remotes. you can verify that the link is successfully carrying encrypted data by following the steps in this section. In iSite. log on to the remote modem as Username: Admin. Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu 2. Enter the following command to verify that encryption is enabled on the remote: enc stats The following is sample output from an iNFINITI remote with AES encryption enabled: CurrentEncryptor = "AES_SW" CurrentEncryptorMode = "CFB" Encrypted = 12 Decrypted = 11 FailedToEncrypt = 0 FailedToDecrypt = 0 37 . right click on the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Telnet from the menu.8. 1. 3.

Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command 38 . Check the communication path by typing: ping <IP Address> where <IP Address> is the IP address of the peer remote.PushThruRefused = 0 PushThruFailed = 0 Filtered = 0 4. Figure 37 shows sample output of a successful ping command.

1) Satellite communications (Satcom) transmit and receive statistics (Beginning with release 7. you can monitor the settings.1 Viewing Settings and Statistics The iSite Settings and Statistics screen has four tabs: Equipment Details Modem Parameters Ethernet Statistics Satcom Statistics Follow the procedure in this section to view the Settings and Statistics screen: 1. Note 9. and dma stats. The Ethernet statistics and Satcom statistics will not be available in iSite until iDS release 7. On iNFINITI remotes. you can view the following data on an iSCPC remote: Configuration and status details of the remote equipment Modem parameters associated with the remote’s modulator and demodulator Ethernet statistics (Beginning with release 7. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Settings and Statistics View from the menu. you can view these statistics from the command line as follows: Telnet to your remote. In earlier releases. hdlc stats.0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Using iSite. However. On NetModems.1.9. You do not need to be logged on to iSite to view the various settings and statistics. (Figure 38) 39 .1) IP transmit and receive statistics Events generated by the remote This section explains how to use iSite to monitor these values. statistics and events associated with your remote modems. you must log on to reset statistics or to view events. Specifically. enter the following commands: eth. enter the commands scpc and scc stats.

as well as the other monitor screens. An overview of each tab is discussed below. from the Monitor menu in the iSite menu bar.Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu 2. Note 40 . You can also open the Settings and Statistics screen. However. The selection of available menus changes. depending on the selected screen type (configure or monitor). it is important to note that the menu bar is context-sensitive. Click the tab you wish to view.

including operating temperature. receive Automatic Gain Control (AGC). The status information is updated in real time. the receiver is not locked to a carrier. This tab displays status and configuration details about the remote modem.Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab The Equipment Details tab is shown in Figure 39. transmit and receive lock. etc. 41 . Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab Note If the Downstream SNR field displays -1.

Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab The Modem Parameters tab is shown in Figure 40. This tab displays configuration details about the remote modem’s Modulator and Demodulator, as well as the Connection Data Source and Interface Type.

Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab

Note

The Data Source field in the Connection area of the screen indicates the source of the data transmitted by this remote.

42

Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab The Ethernet Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the LAN interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and interrupt statistics. The information shown on the Ethernet Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the IP Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Ethernet Statistics tab is shown in Figure 41.

Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab

43

Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab The Satcom Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the satellite interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and other (miscellaneous) statistics. The information shown on the Satcom Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the Satcom Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Satcom Statistics tab is shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab

44

you can customize various aspects of the graph. By selecting display parameters. The graph shows real-time data. 1. To display the IP Statistics graph. beginning at the time that the screen is launched. Right-click your iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select IP Stats menu.9. (Figure 43) View from the Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu 45 .2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph iSite’s IP statistics graph displays IP traffic in both the transmit direction and the receive direction. such as the type of IP packets displayed and the time interval of the data.

Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu 46 .) Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display 2. If you want to modify the display parameters. right-click anywhere in the graph area of the screen to view the context menu.By default. and with all parameters enabled. (See Figure 44. the IP Statistics graph is displayed with panes for both transmit and receive packets.

) All others can be selected either from the context menu or from the parameters area of the screen. 47 . Some parameters are configurable only from the context menu. (See Figure 45. Either select the display settings directly from the context menu. The parameter selections are discussed below. Direction: Allows you to view the transmit traffic graph. or select Parameters from the menu to show the parameters area of the screen as shown in Figure 46. or to show the total IP traffic as a single line on the graph. Hours: Displays 12 hours of data. Legend (context menu only): Displays a color-coded legend of the graph contents. Parameters (context menu only): Displays the parameters section at the top of the screen. Minutes: Displays one hour of data. the receive traffic graph. Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area The selectable display options for the IP Statistics graph are listed here. Properties (context menu only): Allows to you modify the default color settings. Activity: Allows you to select which IP traffic types to display.3. averaged over one minute. Interval: Toggles the x-axis of the graph among the following selections: Seconds: Displays three minutes of data. Menu-only selections are indicated in parentheses below. Units: Toggles the y-axis of the graph between kilobits per second (by selecting Bits) and kilobytes per second (by selecting Bytes). or both. averaged over 10 minutes.

Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View. You can view the events generated by an iSCPC remote as follows: 1. loss of receive lock.3 Viewing Remote Events iSCPC remotes generate events and warnings concerning various aspects of operation such as component failures. Select Event View from the menu. 2. Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu 48 . etc.9.

2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your remote modem. The default password is iDirect. Launch a terminal emulator such as Tera Term or HyperTerminal and configure the serial connection with the settings shown in Figure 48: Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters 3. Connect a serial cable between the COM1 port of your PC or Laptop and the console port on the remote modem. 4.Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address This appendix provides the procedure for determining the IP address of an iDirect remote modem. Once you have saved the port setup. 49 . A.1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem In order to determine the IP address of your remote you must first establish a console connection to the remote from your PC. In order to determine the IP address. 2. log on to the root account. follow the instructions in section A. If you are connected to an iNFINITI remote. If you are connected to a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.2 to determine the IP address of the modem.3 to determine the IP address of the modem. (See section A. A.) 1. enter the command telnet 0 to connect to the iDirect application. you must first establish a console connection to the modem from your PC and log on to the iDirect application on the modem. follow the instructions in section A. Follow these steps to establish a console connection: 1. At the Linux prompt. The procedure for determining the IP address differs slightly between iNFINITI remotes and NetModems. At the prompt. press Enter a few times to generate a login prompt from the modem.1 for details. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account.

You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect the remote modem using iSite.255. 4. Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote A.) 50 .65 Netmask: 55.3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.2. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account.) The steps of this procedure are illustrated in Figure 49. This is sample output: > laninfo Address: 92. enter the command laninfo. (See Appendix B for details. Enter the command laninfo to view the IP address and subnet mask of your router. (See section A. Note the IP address and subnet mask.255.168. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect to the remote modem using iSite.1 for details. At the command line prompt. Log on using the following username and password: Username: admin Password: iDirect 3. Note the IP address and subnet mask.0 2. (See Appendix B for details.) 1.4.

This screen’s appearance varies in Windows 2000 and Windows XP. double-click Network Connections. Launch the Local Area Connection Status dialog box (Figure 50) by double-clicking your LAN connection. Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet 51 . Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box 3. From your computer’s Control Panel. Click the Properties button to display the Local Area Connection properties sheet. 2.Appendix B Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Establish IP connectivity to the remote modem from your laptop by modifying your IP address as follows: 1.

you should have IP connectivity to the remote modem. On the Local Area Connection properties sheet. Once you have reconfigured the IP address on your PC or laptop. Click OK to save your changes. Select Use the following IP address. Enter an IP address that is inside the range specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. This enables you to connect using “telnet” or iSite. Enter the same Subnet mask that you retrieved from the remote modem using the laninfo command. b. 52 . select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).4. c. Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box 5. you do not need to specify DNS server addresses. Note For a local connection. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box: a. Then click the Properties button to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box. d.

In the iSite Tree View. iSite should automatically discover any iDirect modems to which it has IP connectivity. enter the IP Address of the remote and select Admin. This appendix discusses methods for accessing your remotes using iSite if the auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC or laptop.) Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery 6. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu. Enter the Admin Password and click OK. Follow these steps: 1. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. The appendix has the following sections: Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC C.1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery If the iSite auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC. If you do not know the IP address of your remote. 53 .0] is added to the iSite tree. (“iDirect” is the default admin password. the auto-discover feature does not always work reliably with PCs or laptops running Windows XP. you can connect to your remote by creating an unknown element in the iSite Tree View and logging on to that element using the remote’s IP address.0. 5. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree and select Login from the menu.Appendix C Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled On startup. However. Click OK to log on. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. 4. 3.0. determine it by following the procedure in Appendix A. 2.

2. any Registry modifications can potentially affect the ability of other applications on your PC to execute correctly. Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor 3. This can be accomplished using the File -> Export command in the Registry Editor. This procedure requires you to modify your Windows Registry. Follow these steps to modify your Windows Registry to use IGMPv2: 1. iDirect recommends that this change be tested in a controlled environment on an identical PC to verify that machines to be used in the field will not be affected. if your PC is running Windows XP. in case you need to revert to the original settings. To start the Registry Editor. iSite requires IGMPv2 messages. The procedure in this section details the steps required to reconfigure a PC using IGMPv3 to use IGMPv2. In the Registry Editor (Figure 55). PCs running Windows XP are generally configured to use IGMPv3. Warning Warning A copy of your current registry should be saved prior to making any changes. While PCs running Windows 2000 are generally configured to use IGMPv2. the iSite auto-discovery feature may not work reliably.2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC In order for the auto-discovery feature to work correctly.C. enter the command regedit in the Open text box and click OK. navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Tcpip/ 54 . Click the Start button in your Windows Taskbar and select Run from the start menu. Although iDirect is not currently aware of any issues associated with this change. Therefore.

The value 3 represents IGMP version 2. Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor 6. Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor 5. In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2 55 . In the Name column of the right-hand pane of the Registry Editor. select Parameters. Under Tcpip. right-click IGMPVersion and select Modify from the menu to display the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. enter the value 3.4.

7. Note You may need to restart your PC or laptop for the registry change to take effect. 56 . Click OK to save the change.

Remote Data Rate 57 . Table 3: LNB Frequency Stability Requirements vs.Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. The table below shows the frequency stability required at various data rates.