iSCPC User Guide

IDS Release 7.0 September 15, 2006

13865 Sunrise Valley Drive | Herndon, VA 20171 | +1 703.648.8000 | www.iDirect.net

Copyright © 2006 iDirect, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The specifications and information regarding the products in this manual are subject to change without notice. All statements, information, and recommendations in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express, or implied. Users must take full responsibility for their application of any products. Trademarks, brand names and products mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective owners. All such references are used strictly in an editorial fashion with no intent to convey any affiliation with the name or the product’s rightful owner.

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Contents
1.0 2.0 Procedure Overview........................................................................................... 1 Installing the iSCPC Software ........................................................................... 3

1.1 Assumptions ...................................................................................................................1

2.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client ..............................................3 2.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software......................................................3 Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site .......................................................4 Installing Software from the a CD .....................................................................................4 2.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem.........................................................5 Logging On to iSite............................................................................................................5 Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote................................................6 Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus............................8

3.0

Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite .......................................................... 11

3.1 Adding an Unknown Element ......................................................................................11 3.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration...............................................................................11 3.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab...................................13 Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties ........................................13 iSCPC Modulation Modes ...............................................................................................14 3.4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote ..........................................................15

4.0

Configuring the Remote IP Addresses ........................................................... 17

4.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines ..................................................................17 4.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information .....................................................................17 4.3 Examples .......................................................................................................................18 Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled .............................................................................................18 Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled ................................................................19

5.0

Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters......................................... 22

5.1 Adding Service Levels..................................................................................................23 5.2 Adding Rules to Service Levels...................................................................................23 5.3 Adding Filter Rules .......................................................................................................25 5.4 Enabling SAR ................................................................................................................26

6.0

Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations ........................................... 28
Saving a Remote Options File to Disk ............................................................................28 Applying the iSCPC Configurations ................................................................................28

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............................................45 9............2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph ..........5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link ........................................................................................................2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite ........................50 Appendix B Appendix C Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address .........1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility........................................0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections .................................................4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection.........................................1 Viewing Settings and Statistics ............53 C............................................................................................................................................................................................. 33 8.......... 53 C...34 8...............................................................3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format ....... 51 Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled ...................3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus...........2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote.............1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery....................................................................................................................................1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem.....32 8...............................................34 8....................34 8.........42 Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab......................................................33 8...........48 Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address ........41 Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab ...................................................49 A......................... 31 7.....49 A.....................................3 Viewing Remote Events......................2 Generating an Encryption Key...................39 9................. 57 iv ...7......43 Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab .................................37 9..........................................................................2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC ....54 Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements ......................0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes ....... 39 Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ..................................................................... 49 A....................31 7..........1 Determining the Transmit Power.................0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers...................................................................................................................44 9...

....................... 17 Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled ............................................................................................ 13 Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 20 Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway ................................................................. 6 Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download ............................................................. 30 Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite .............................................................................................................................................. 8 Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu.......................... 11 Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu....................................................................................................................................................................... 12 Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box .................................. 25 Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote ............................................... 19 Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route ................................................................................................ 29 Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu..................................... 10 Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree........................................................................................................ 34 Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite................................. 35 Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite .................... 24 Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level.................................................................................................................... 32 Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site ..................................................................... 5 Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box.............................................................. 18 Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box............................................................................ 33 Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key ......................................................... 23 Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule .................................................................... 21 Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic....... 9 Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 29 Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 28 Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu...... 9 Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download ............... 21 Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway............................................... 7 Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box.Figures Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu................................. 26 Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu ......................................................................... 24 Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule ........................................................................................................................... 6 Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu ................................................ 35 Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption................................................................................................................................................................... 11 Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab........................... 22 Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level ................. 36 v ................................................................................................................................................................................ 20 Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box................

............................ 38 Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu....................... 49 Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote .............................................................. 54 Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor .................................................... 46 Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu................................ 46 Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area.............................. 51 Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box............................... 53 Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor................................................ 55 Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2....................... 52 Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery.................................................. 50 Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box.................................................................................... 40 Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab ................... 41 Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab........................................................................................................................................ 37 Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command .............. 55 vi ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab .......................................................................................................................................................... 43 Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab...................... 44 Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu ......................... 55 Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor..........................................Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu ..................................................... 51 Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display .......................................................................................................................................... 48 Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters ................................................................................... 47 Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu...............................................................

In the procedure. see the iDirect Remote Installation and Commissioning Guide. you will create two new remotes in your network. 1 . Appendix D shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. Please read this entire document before building your iSCPC network.1 Assumptions The procedure assumes that you have: Obtained the completed link budget Installed the proper equipment to meet the link budget requirements Note The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received.1. SCPC connections between iDirect remote modems. The document contains the following major sections and appendices: Installing the iSCPC Software Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite Configuring the Remote IP Addresses Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Determining Your Remote’s IP Address Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled LNB Frequency Stability Requirements 1. and connect them over a satellite link.0 Procedure Overview This document contains the procedure for using iSite to create point-to-point. Obtained the frequency assignments from the satellite provider Obtained the operating specifications for the BUC and the LNB Built the antenna and installed the IFL cable Pointed the antenna and verified the polarization (if appropriate) with the satellite provider For details on the final two items in the above list. configure them with the appropriate parameters.

see the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7. This document contains the procedure for creating iSCPC connections using iSite.0.Warning Do not connect the transmit IFL cable to the remote modem until you are instructed to do so in the commissioning section of this document. you can also establish iSCPC connections between remotes and iSCPC line cards located at the hub using iBuilder.0. Beginning with iDS Release 7. For details on configuring an iSCPC connection between a remote and an iSCPC line card. Note 2 .

Click the link for the iSCPC release you want to install. 4. select Save to Disk and click OK. 2.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted. they will be organized into the following folders: A folder containing iSCPC documents and tools A folder. You can download the files directly to the client PC. In the dialog box. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac. 2.net/. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. or you can download the files to any PC and copy them to an installation CD.iDirect. 3.iDirect. follow these steps: 1.2. 2. or you have created a copy on CD. To download the iSCPC software from the TAC web site.1 Obtaining the iSCPC Modem Software and iSite Client You can download the iSCPC modem software and iSite GUI client from the iDirect Technical Assistance (TAC) web site at http://tac. depending on whether you have downloaded the software from the iDirect TAC web site directly to the client PC.0 Installing the iSCPC Software This section describes the steps for obtaining and installing the iDirect iSCPC modem software and related application software on a PC running Windows. with three subfolders.2 Installing the iSCPC Modem Images and Software The steps for installing the software package on your PC differ slightly. It also contains the procedure for downloading the iSCPC software from your PC to your NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. containing the iSCPC software for each iDirect modem type: • • iNFINITI NetModem II 3 . Once you have successfully installed the files on your PC. The following sections provide the procedures for each case.

Extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the .winzip.0. Select the file iSCPC-<version>. Installing Software from the a CD Follow these steps if you want to install the iSCPC package from a CD: 1. where <version> is the iDirect release number. and PKZIP (http://www.zip and extract the contents of the ZIP file using any of the various tools that recognize the .zip. For example. To make it convenient to start iSite. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www.com/). Copy the ZIP archive file to the directory into which you want to extract the files. Insert the CD into the CD drive of your PC. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number.1. This will result in the following set of folders containing the documents and software: NetModem-<version #> /Docs/ /Images/ /iSite where <version #> is the iDirect release number.zip format.zip.winzip.zip format.org/).1.0. 2. 3. Follow these steps to complete the installation: 1. Open the CD drive and navigate to the CD folder containing the file iSCPC<version>. To make it convenient to start iSite. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7.com/). WinZip (http://www. and PKZIP (http://www. WinZip (http://www. The list of such tools includes Info-Zip (http://www. For example.org/).com/). where <version> is the iDirect release number.com/). all files will be contained in a single ZIP archive file on your PC. 3. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar.) 2.pkware.info-zip. 4 . 5. (The ZIP file will be named iSCPC-<version>. 7_0_1 represents iDirect release 7. among others.• NetModem II Plus A folder containing the iSite client software Installing Software Directly from the iDirect Web Site Once you have downloaded the software from the TAC web site. 4. Copy the ZIP archive file to the location on the client PC into which you want to extract the files.pkware. you can create a shortcut to the iSite folder on your desktop or taskbar. among others.info-zip.

Log on to the remote using iSite as follows: a. The steps for downloading the software vary slightly. Right-click the remote in the iSite Tree View (Figure 1) and select Login to display the Login dialog box (Figure 2). If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote.) Assuming that you have IP connectivity between the NetModem and your PC.2. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. iSite should automatically discover the modem and display it in the iSite Tree View. Note 5. connect a straight-through LAN cable to any of the eight LAN B ports. Auto-discovery does not work reliably in all versions of the Windows operating system. Start iSite by opening the shortcut that you created earlier. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable.3 Downloading the Software to the iSCPC Modem The procedures in this section explain how to log on to iSite and download the iSCPC software images to your remote modems. depending on whether you have NetModem or iNFINITI remotes. (If you are connecting to a 5000 Series or 7000 Series iNFINITI remote. 1. (Or navigate to the directory in which you stored the iSite application and double-click iSite. see Appendix C on page 53 for alternate methods of logging on to the remote. Logging On to iSite Follow these steps to log on to your remote modem using iSite. If iSite does not discover your remote modem.) 4. Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51. 2. Figure 1: Selecting Login from the iSite Tree Menu 5 . 3.

In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. If you have NetModem II or NetModem II Plus. follow the procedure in the next section to download the software from your PC to the remote modem. please skip to the section “Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus” on page 8. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Package from the menu to display the Download Package dialog box. (See Figure 5).) Figure 2: iSite Login Dialog Box c. Then enter the Admin Password and click OK. If you have a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus modem. If you have an iNFINITI remote. 1. Figure 3: Selecting Download Package from the iSite Tree Menu 6 . Downloading the iSCPC Package to an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to download the executable images to an iDirect iNFINITI remote. select Admin. Click OK to log on.b. (“iDirect” is the default Admin password. follow the steps in the next section.

select Don’t reset. In the Configurations area. Click the Open button in the Download Package dialog box to display the Open dialog box (Figure 4). In the Open dialog box. In the Image Version Check area. Click the Start button to begin the download. select Download images only. where <version #> is the iDirect release number. Select the following options in the Download Package dialog box: a. In the Open dialog box. b. 7 . the iNFINITI software package is installed on your PC in the following folder: NetModem-<version #>/Images/Remote_iNFINITI. Figure 4: Selecting the iNFINITI Software Package to Download 3. By default. 4. The file names for all files to be downloaded are displayed in the Contents area of the dialog box. double-click the . select Don’t check versions. c. In the Reset area.pkg file to select the package for download and return to the Download Package dialog box. navigate to the folder that contains the iNFINITI software package.2. 5.

follow the steps in the previous section. Close the Download Package dialog box when the word Done is displayed.) 8 . indicating that the package download is complete. Monitor the progress of the download in the Information area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. 7. The reset will be performed later in this procedure.Figure 5: Download Package Dialog Box 6. Right-click the remote in the Tree View and select Download Images from the menu to display the Download Command Center dialog box. (See Figure 8. 1. If you have iNFINITI remotes. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. Downloading the iSCPC Images to a NetModem or NetModem II Plus Follow these steps to download the executable images to an iDirect NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.

9 . 4. 5. these images are installed on your PC in the following folders: NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_NM2 NetModem-<version #>/Images/iSCPC_2Plus Figure 7: Selecting the NetModem Software Images to Download 3.ldr file to select the images for download and return to the Download Command Center dialog box. In the Open dialog box. In the Open dialog box. When you select the .ldr file. By default. Select DEFRAGMENT in the Download Command Center dialog box.Figure 6: Selecting Download Images from the iSite Tree Menu 2. double-click the . Click the Select button in the Download Command Center dialog box (Figure 8) to display the Open dialog box. the correct set of images will automatically be selected for download. navigate to the folder that contains the NetModem software images for your NetModem or NetModem II Plus. Click the Download button to begin the download.

7. 10 . Close the Download Command Center dialog box when the word Completed is displayed.Figure 8: Download Command Center Dialog Box 6. The reset will be performed later in this procedure. Monitor the progress of the download in the Status area of the dialog box and report any abnormalities to the iDirect TAC. Note Do not reset the remote modem at this time. indicating that the image download is complete.

(See Figure 9. In the Tree View. You will need to configure these parameters on each of the two remotes in the circuit. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu.) Figure 9: Creating a New Element in the iSite Tree 3.) Figure 10: Selecting Create Configuration iSCPC from the iSite Tree Menu 11 . A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. Launch iSite.0] is added to the iSite tree.) 2. 2. (Do not log on at this point.1 Adding an Unknown Element Add a new element in iSite as follows: 1. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree. (See Figure 11. Select Create Configuration iSCPC to display the iSCPC Configuration dialog box Information tab. 3.0 Creating an iSCPC Connection in iSite This section explains how to use iSite to configure an iSCPC connection between two remotes.0.2 Creating the iSCPC Configuration Follow these steps to create the iSCPC element in the Tree View: 1.0.3.

Figure 11: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – Information Tab 12 .

3. In the Change Password dialog box (Figure 12). Click on the ellipsis button (…) beside the password text box for the password you want to change.) 5.3 Configuring the Remote Parameters on the Information Tab Once you have created the iSCPC element in the Tree View. follow these steps to configure the parameters on the remote Information tab. entered in MHz Transmit Power: Enter a transmit power of –25 dBm. see “Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections” on page 33. 13 . Transmit Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Transmit L-Band Frequency = RF Uplink Center Frequency – BUC Translation Frequency BUC Translation Frequency: Determined by the operational parameters of the BUC. Click OK to save the password and return to the main dialog box. Select the Model Type of your remote modem. enter and confirm the new password. using the guidelines in the next section. Figure 12: Change Password Dialog Box 4. b. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. Select any options (such as Link Encryption or Compression types) that you want to apply to your iSCPC connection.3. (For details on configuring your iSCPC connection for Link Encryption. Enter the Serial Number of your remote modem. If you want to change the User Password or the Admin Password for the remote: a. This setting will be adjusted during the commissioning procedure. c. Enter the Transmit and Receive properties. 1. entered in kbps. 2. Guidelines for Entering the Transmit and Receive Properties Use these guidelines when entering the iSCPC transmit and receive properties.

This is the only available selection. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options.) Scrambling: Select the default. When configuring your iSCPC connections. Receive Properties L-Band Frequency: L-Band frequency can be calculated using this formula: Receive L-Band Frequency = RF Downlink Center Frequency – LNB Translation Frequency LNB Translation Freq: Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the BUC. Modulation: Select a modulation type.) Scrambling: Select the default.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. FEC Blocks per Frame: Enter the same value as configured for the transmit properties of the peer remote. FEC Blocks per frame: Select a frame length that is as close as possible to 125 ms. iSCPC Modulation Modes Table 1 shows the iSCPC FEC rates and modulation modes supported for each iDirect modem type in iDirect release 7. entered in MHz. (See Table 1 for options. (See Table 1 on page 15 for options. LNB Stability (+/-): Determined by the operational parameters of the LNB.Modulation: Select a modulation type.0. Information Rate: The data rate from the satellite provider frequency assignment. (See Table 1 for options. Earlier releases support a subset of these services. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the BUC. 14 . IDR. entered in MHz. IDR.) Error Correction: Select a FEC rate. ODU Tx DC Power: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide 24 Volts DC power to the LNB. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the LNB. ODU Tx 10 MHz: Select this setting if you require the modem to provide the 10 MHz clock to the BUC. Spectral Inversion: Select this setting if required by the LNB and downconverter. This is the only available selection. iSite limits your selections of Modulation and Error Correction parameters to those supported on your modem for your release. entered in kbps.

7300 Series BPSK Yes Yes X Yes X Yes QPSK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8PSK X X X Yes X Yes Block Size 1K 4K 4K 16K Payload § Bytes 53 66 251 404 1800 § SCPC channel framing uses a modified HDLC header.3 to create and configure the second remote in the iSCPC connection. The actual payload is variable. and always slightly less than the numbers indicated in the table.533 . 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series. 7000 Series 5000 Series.Table 1: iSCPC Modulation Modes Modulation Mode 7. The diagram on the next page will help you to determine the correct parameters.879 Hardware Support 5000 Series. 3.793 .0 iSCPC Links iSCPC FEC . which requires bit-stuffing to prevent false end-of-frame detection. 15 .4 Creating and Configuring the Second Remote Repeat the steps in sections 3.1 through 3.495 . 7000 Series II+ 5000 Series.431 .

Remote A RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L -Band Satell ite Remote B RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Downlink Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L-Band Satellite ____________ NetModem A NetModem B Remote A RF Downlink Center Frequency _______________________ Rx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Data Rate ________ Polarization _______________________ RF Down Link Frequency – LNB Frequency Trans = Rx L -Band Remote B RF Uplink Center Frequency _______________________ Tx L -Band Frequency _______________________ Polarization _______________________ Data Rate _________ RF Uplink Frequency – BUC Frequency Trans = Tx L .Band Remote A BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B BUC Parameters BUC Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote A LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B LNB Parameters LNB Translation Frequency _______________________ MHz Frequency Stability _______________________ MHz ODU DC Power _______________________ Y/N ODU IO MHz Reference _______________________ Y/N Spectral Inversion _______________________ Y/N Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ Remote B Eth0 IP address_____________________ SAT0 IP address____________________ 16 .

(See the examples in the next section for the steps required for these operations.) Figure 13: iSite iSCPC Configuration Dialog Box – IP Configuration Tab 2.) 4. (See the examples beginning on 18. 4. 3. Click the IP Configuration tab.2 Entering the IP Addressing Information 1.) Therefore.4. (See Figure 13.0 Configuring the Remote IP Addresses This section provides guidelines and procedures for configuring the IP addresses on the remotes in your iSCPC connection. or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. Enable RIP routing by selecting Enable RIPv2. 17 . 4. RIP on Eth0 must be enabled in both remotes or static routes must be in place to direct traffic. You must enable RIP on ETH0 for both remotes. Note The IP addressing should be planned such that the SAT0 interfaces on both of the iSCPC remotes are in the same subnet. Sat0 of remote A must be within the same network as the Sat0 of remote B. do one of the following: a.1 iSCPC IP Addressing Scheme Guidelines Follow these guidelines when configuring the IP addressing information for each remote: Eth0 of remote A cannot be within the same network as the Eth0 of remote B. Sat0 must not be within either of the networks used on either Eth0. Enter the SAT0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask. Enter the ETH0 interface IP Address and Subnet Mask for the default VLAN.

In the examples. Figure 14 shows the configuration for Remote A.168.1 / 24 10. using the second set of addresses in Table 2.3 Examples These examples in this section illustrate how to configure your remotes with RIPv2 enabled (Example 1) and how to configure your remotes using static routes with RIPv2 disabled (Example 2).1 / 24 Sat0 Addresses 10. 4. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. Figure 14: IP Addressing with RIPv2 Enabled 18 . enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote.1 / 24 192. Select the Enable RIPv2 check box for both the Eth0 Interface and the Sat0 Interface.1.0.2.168. In the ETH0 Interface section.0. Table 2: IP Addressing Schemes for Examples A and B Remote Remote A Remote B Example 1: RIPv2 Enabled Eth0 Addresses 192. Remote B should be configured in a similar manner.2 / 24 To configure the iSCPC connection using RIPv2: 1. Add Static Route on each remote with the gateway pointing to the SAT0 interface on the peer remote. 3.Or b. 5.0. the remotes are configured with the IP Addresses shown in Table 2. Repeat these steps for the peer remote. 2. 4. Select the IP Configuration tab. In the SAT0 Interface section.0.

7. In Interface. 8. In the SAT0 Interface section. In the IP Address text box. In the ETH0 Interface section. Figure 16 shows the IP Configuration tab on Remote A after adding the IP addressing information and the static route. Figure 15 illustrates adding the static route to Remote A. enter the Sat0 addressing for the remote. Enter the Subnet Mask. 9. 5. Click OK. 2. enter the peer remote’s Sat0 interface. enter the Eth0 addressing for the remote. Since there is only one static route. Open the Add Static Route or Edit Static Route dialog box for the remote by clicking the Add or Edit button in the Static Routes section of the dialog box. Select the IP Configuration tab. 6. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. enter the range of addresses that you want to forward to the peer remote over the satellite. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC.Example 2: Static Route with RIPv2 Disabled To configure the iSCPC connection with RIPv2 disabled using static routes: 1. 4. Figure 15: Add Static Route Dialog Box 19 . select Sat0. 3. In Gateway. 10.

In the Static Routes area. A common configuration includes a gateway router at one site to handle traffic on a customer network.2.168.0.Figure 16: IP Configuration with Static Route Looking at the static route configured in Figure 16. Thus. if a packet is destined for the IP Address.168. then default routing is not sufficient to forward traffic received on the sat0 interface to the router on the LAN. Remote B’s Sat0 is programmed by default to send those packets to remote B’s Eth0. Figure 17: Static Routes with Gateway To add a static route that will forward the satellite traffic to the gateway over the LAN interface. (Figure 18) 20 . follow these additional steps: 1. Figure 17 shows the addition of gateway 192.1. If a site is configured with a gateway. in the example.2 to the configuration in Figure 16.2) using its own Sat0 interface.0/24 network. the remote will forward it to the Gateway through the configured Interface. select the default route and click the Edit button to display the Edit Static Route dialog box. it will forward the packet to Remote B’s Sat0 Gateway (10. if Remote A receives a packet on its Eth0 interface destined for the 192.0.

1. In Interface. 21 .168.Figure 18: Edit Static Route Dialog Box 2. 5. In Gateway. Cost has no meaning in iSCPC. enter the IP address of the gateway. Note that selecting Eth0 in the Edit Static Route dialog box results in ixp1 in the Interface column for the static route. select Eth0. Since there is only one static route. Figure 19: Adding a Static Route for a LAN Gateway Figure 19 shows the addition of the static route for the LAN gateway. With the addition of the new static route. Click OK. any packet that the remote receives on its sat0 interface will be routed to the gateway with IP address 192. 3. You do not need to configure a Cost for the route. 4.2 on the eth0 interface.

source and destination IP addresses. Figure 20: iSCPC QoS Tab – Traffic 22 . Using the QoS tab. For a detailed discussion of iDirect QoS principals see the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. Attributes of a connection that affect QoS include throughput. Selecting a sub-tab allows you to define the parameters for each category. Configuring QoS parameters to allow voice packets to be sent at a higher priority than data packets can improve the QoS of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic.5. Filter and Data Rate (Figure 20). When you click the QoS tab for your iSCPC connection. jitter and packet loss. among others. voice packets require minimal latency and jitter. latency. you can configure service levels and filters that control the QoS of the traffic on your iSCPC link. you will see three additional sub-tabs at the bottom of the screen labeled Traffic. etc.0.0 Configuring Quality of Service (QoS) Parameters Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the classification and prioritization of IP traffic in order to optimize the delivery of packets based on various criteria such as traffic type. For example.

23 . (For descriptions of the various Service Level parameters. follow these steps: 1. Figure 21: Adding a QoS Service Level 4. Select the Service Level in the Rules area of the QoS Traffic sub-tab and click the Add button to display the Add Rule dialog box (Figure 23). 5. Click the Add button in the Service Levels area of the screen to display the Add Service Level dialog box (Figure 21).2 Adding Rules to Service Levels Once you’ve defined a Service Level. Click the Edit button at the bottom of the dialog box to enable editing.0. Select the Traffic sub-tab of the QoS tab.1 Adding Service Levels To define a Service Level on the QoS tab.5. Enter a Level Name for the service level. 3. You can add rules to the Service Level as follows: 1. 2.) 5. that Service Level is displayed in the Rules area of the dialog box. Enter the remaining QoS parameters for your Service Level as required. see the section “Adding a Service Level” in the iBuilder User Guide for Release 7.

Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. define the rule for this Service Level by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. In the Add Rule dialog box. 24 .Figure 22: Selecting the Add Button for a Service Level Rule Figure 23: Adding a Rule to a Service Level 2.

When you are finished defining the rule. Selecting a check box to the left of a qualifier allows you to enter the parameters in that area of the screen. Figure 24: Adding a Filter Rule 3. At the bottom of the QoS tab. click OK to save your changes. To add these rules: 1. When you are finished defining the rule. select the Filter sub-tab. define the rule by entering the qualifiers you want to associate with the rule. click the Add button to display the Add Filter dialog box (Figure 24). 2. click OK to save your changes.3 Adding Filter Rules In addition to the rules associated with your Service Levels.3. 4. 25 . In the QoS Filter sub-tab. 5. In the Add Filter dialog box. you can also add Filter rules that are applied independently of the Service Levels.

For more on SAR. Enter a Segment Size.4 Enabling SAR By default. Follow these steps to enable SAR and set the segment length: 1. Figure 25: Enabling SAR on your iSCPC remote Note The remaining fields on this tab are not applicable to iSCPC connections. Click the Data Rate sub-tab at the bottom of the QoS tab. 26 .0. Segment Assembly and Reassembly (SAR) is not enabled on your iSCPC remotes.5. 3. see the chapter titled “QoS Implementation Principals” in the iDS Technical Reference Guide for Release 7. In the SAR area of the screen. select the check box to the left of Segment Size to enable SAR. You can enable SAR and define a SAR segment size on the Data Rate sub-tab of the QoS tab. 2.

27 . are not required for iSCPC operation. used by the Look Angle Calculator.Note You do not need to configure the parameters on the Geo Location tab. Geo Location dialog parameters.

0 on page 3 before you execute the steps in this section. In the Save As dialog box. you can save the remote options file to your hard disk as follows: 1. you must first establish IP connectivity to that remote from your PC or laptop computer. right-click on the remote in the Tree View and select Load Configuration From File. If you do not know the IP address and subnet mask of the remote. determine these settings by following the procedure in Appendix A on page 49. or indirectly via an external switch or router. Enter a file name and click the Save button. Connect the LAN port of your PC or laptop to the LAN port on the remote using a crossover LAN cable. To apply the iSCPC configuration using iSite. Your subnet mask must match the remote’s subnet mask. 2. Figure 26: Selecting Save Configuration As from the iSite Tree Menu 2.6. If not. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. 4. The procedure assumes that you have already downloaded the iSCPC software to the remote modems. Before you can apply the iSCPC configuration to a remote. Your computer must be connected directly to the remote via a LAN crossover cable. 1. Applying the iSCPC Configurations Follow this procedure to load the remote modems with the iSCPC parameters that you entered previously. 3. Log on to the remote using iSite. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. (For details. Follow the steps in this section to apply the iSCPC configurations to your remote modems. Saving a Remote Options File to Disk When you have finished entering the remote configuration parameters. see “Logging On to iSite” on page 5. 28 . Configure the IP address of your PC or laptop as a host in the remote’s subnet by following the procedure in Appendix B on 51.) 5. the following conditions must exist: Your computer’s IP address must be in the range of addresses specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. please follow the procedure in section 2. To load the configuration from a saved Options file.0 Saving and Applying the iSCPC Configurations This section explains how to save your remote options files to disk and how to download the options files to your iSCPC remotes.

navigate to the folder in which you stored the remote options file.Figure 27: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 6. Then double-click the options file you want to apply to this remote. Figure 28: Selecting Load Configuration From File from the iSite Tree Menu 29 . In the Open dialog box.

In the Tree View. 30 .7. Then click Reset Now. you are ready to commission the SCPC carriers with your Satellite Provider. This is described in the following section. Figure 29: Applying the Remote Configuration After you have applied both configurations and reset the remotes. right-click the remote and select Apply Configuration to Remote.

you can turn it off by typing: tx cw off To force the remote to transmit a modulated carrier instead of a CW carrier. Disconnect the power to the remote modems. Connect the transmit IFL cable to the modems. If a CW carrier is required. The remote must be powered off whenever the transmit or receive cables are connected or removed. enter the following commands: a.1 Determining the Transmit Power Work with your satellite provider to commission the carriers as follows: 1. 2.X represents the increase or decrease in power. As preparation for carrier commissioning: 7. Log on to the remote through the console port 5. Ensure that your remote is powered off before connecting the transmit cable to the remote. 31 . tx cw enable b. Note Begin with a low transmit power. If you are required to transmit at a frequency other than the operational frequency. tx cw on 7. The range of transmit power for iDirect remotes is from -35 dBm to +7 dBm. The command has the following syntax: tx freq <fx> where <fx> is the L-band frequency in MHz. Warning 3. use the tx freq command to change to the new frequency. If using a CW carrier. reset the remote.0 Commissioning the SCPC Carriers Review the remotes’ configurations to ensure that the L-Band frequencies and the ODU parameters are correct for the BUC and the LNB Follow the appropriate satellite provider access procedures and contact your Satellite Provider to commission the carrier.<XX. 6. 8.X> where XX. Apply power to the remote modems when instructed by the satellite provider to bring up the carrier.7. 4. increasing the power gradually until the desired level is reached. Enter the following command to adjust the transmit power of the remote: Tx Power +/.

2 Configuring the Transmit Power Values in iSite After the proper carrier level has been established through the console port on both remotes. In iSite. 32 . update the Transmit Power in the Transmit Properties section of the Information tab to match the power determined during the commissioning procedure. For each remote: 1. you must update the transmit power in the iSite remote configuration. Follow the procedure in section 5. (See Figure 30.7.) Figure 30: Updating the Transmit Power in iSite 2.0 on page 22 to apply the new configurations and reset the modems. Receive lock should now be achieved by both remotes and your iSCPC connection should be operational.

0 Establishing Link Encryption for iSCPC Connections iDirect supports the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for iSCPC connections between iNFINITI remotes and Triple DES encryption for iSCPC connections between NetModems.8. 5350 and 7350 models.1 Downloading the iDirect Encryption Key Generation Utility You must have a valid encryption key in the iDirect format before you can enable encryption for your iSCPC link. 3.bz2 from your PC or laptop to the directory on the Linux-based machine in which you plan to run keygen. 2. 6. Figure 31: Locating the Keygen Utility on the iDirect Web Site 4. The iDirect keygen utility is a Linux-based executable file that you can load on any Linux-based computer to generate new keys or to convert existing keys to iDirect format. Click the Software Releases link and scroll down to the section named iSCPC Software. Enter the following command to unzip keygen.bz2 7.net/ and entering your iDirect User Name and Password when prompted.iDirect. This will replace keygen. Note For iNFINITI remotes.bz2. Changing keys requires you to edit and reload the options files.bz2. Log on to the Linux-based machine and change to the directory containing the zip file keygen. Enter the following command to make keygen an executable file: chmod a+x keygen You can now use keygen to generate new encryption keys in the iDirect format or to convert existing binary keys to the iDirect format 33 . you must add the encryption key to the options file of each remote in the connection and download the options files to the remotes.bz2 with the keygen file. 5. You can download keygen from the TAC web site by following these steps: 1. Log on to the TAC web site by connecting your web browser to http://tac.bz2 to your PC or laptop. bunzip2 keygen. copy keygen. Only static keys are currently supported. 8. To enable encryption. link encryption is only available on the 5150. Click the KEYGEN link and select Save to Disk in the dialog box to download keygen. Using a utility such as WinSCP.

2 Generating an Encryption Key Follow these steps to generate a new encryption key in the iDirect format. 3.8. see section 8. 1.4 Enabling Link Encryption on an iSCPC Connection Follow these steps for each remote in the iSCPC connection to enable encryption on the SCPC link: 34 .3 Converting a Binary Encryption Key to iDirect Format Keygen generates new keys in the format required by the iDirect system. Log on to the Linux-based computer on which keygen is installed. Figure 32 shows the command to generate an AES encryption key to a file named key. enter keygen with no qualifiers. If you already have a valid binary key.txt and the resulting key. if you obtain a binary key from another source. Copy the file containing the binary key to the Linux-based machine. 8. 8. To perform the conversion. 2. 2. Figure 32: Generating an Encryption Key Note To view the keygen command usage. keygen requires the binary key to be contained in an input file.3 for instructions on how to convert it to the iDirect format. Enter the following command to perform the conversion: keygen -<key type> -file <filename> where <key type> is 3des or aes and <filename> is the name of the file containing the binary key. Enter the following command to generate an encryption key in iDirect format: keygen -<key type> -gen where <key type> is 3des or aes. Log on to the Linux-based machine on which keygen is installed. Follow these steps to convert an existing binary key to the iDirect format: 1. you must execute keygen to convert it to the iDirect format. However.

7. Figure 34: Remote Options File Segment after Selecting Link Encryption in iSite 8. Edit the remote options file as follows: a. Scroll down in the options file until you see the [ENC] section. Log on to your iSCPC remote using iSite. Open the remote options file with Notepad or another text editor. 35 . 2. Delete the lines: enc_algorithm = dynamic enc_algorithm_mode = dynamic b. Figure 33: Enabling Link Encryption in iSite 4. (See instructions on page 5 for logging on to iSite. Select the Link Encryption check box (Figure 33). Enter a file name and click the Save button. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Save Configuration As. 3. In the Save As dialog box.) Once you log on. the iSCPC Configuration Information tab will be displayed automatically.1. Scroll to the bottom of the screen and click the Edit button.) 6. 5. Add the lines: enc_key = <Key> where <Key> is the key you generated using keygen. Figure 34 contains an example of this section of an options file after Link Encryption has been selected in iSite. navigate to the folder in which you want to save your options file. (Do not apply the changes at this time.

Save the modified options file. the edited options file should be similar to the example in Figure 35. Link encryption will take efffect on the iSCPC link after you have downloaded the modified options files to both remotes in your iSCPC connection.0 on page 28 to download the modified options file to the remote. enc_static = 1 For an iNFINITI remote.enc_algorithm = <Type> where <Type> = AES for iNFINITI remotes or 3DES for NetModems. follow the procedure in section 6. 10.) Figure 35: iNFINITI Options File Segment after Modifying for Encryption 9. Using iSite. enc_algorithm_mode = <Mode> where <Mode> = CFB for iNFINITI remotes or CBC for NetModems. (For a NetModem. enc_algorithm should be set to 3DES and enc_algorithm_mode should be set to CBC. 36 .

Perform these steps on both iSCPC remotes. you can verify that the link is successfully carrying encrypted data by following the steps in this section. log on to the remote modem as Username: Admin. right click on the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Telnet from the menu. Figure 36: Selecting Telnet from the iSite Tree Menu 2. Enter the following command to verify that encryption is enabled on the remote: enc stats The following is sample output from an iNFINITI remote with AES encryption enabled: CurrentEncryptor = "AES_SW" CurrentEncryptorMode = "CFB" Encrypted = 12 Decrypted = 11 FailedToEncrypt = 0 FailedToDecrypt = 0 37 .8. 1.5 Verifying Correct Operation of the Encrypted Link Once you have enabled encryption on your iSCPC remotes. In the Telnet window. “iDirect” is the default Password. 3. In iSite.

Figure 37 shows sample output of a successful ping command. Check the communication path by typing: ping <IP Address> where <IP Address> is the IP address of the peer remote.PushThruRefused = 0 PushThruFailed = 0 Filtered = 0 4. Figure 37: Sample output of a successful ping command 38 .

1) IP transmit and receive statistics Events generated by the remote This section explains how to use iSite to monitor these values. In earlier releases.1) Satellite communications (Satcom) transmit and receive statistics (Beginning with release 7. enter the commands scpc and scc stats. Note 9. On iNFINITI remotes.1.1 Viewing Settings and Statistics The iSite Settings and Statistics screen has four tabs: Equipment Details Modem Parameters Ethernet Statistics Satcom Statistics Follow the procedure in this section to view the Settings and Statistics screen: 1. On NetModems. you can view the following data on an iSCPC remote: Configuration and status details of the remote equipment Modem parameters associated with the remote’s modulator and demodulator Ethernet statistics (Beginning with release 7. you must log on to reset statistics or to view events. Specifically. you can monitor the settings. hdlc stats. you can view these statistics from the command line as follows: Telnet to your remote. enter the following commands: eth. However. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select Settings and Statistics View from the menu.0 Monitoring iSCPC Remotes Using iSite. and dma stats. statistics and events associated with your remote modems. (Figure 38) 39 .9. You do not need to be logged on to iSite to view the various settings and statistics. The Ethernet statistics and Satcom statistics will not be available in iSite until iDS release 7.

it is important to note that the menu bar is context-sensitive. An overview of each tab is discussed below. depending on the selected screen type (configure or monitor). The selection of available menus changes. Note 40 . Click the tab you wish to view. You can also open the Settings and Statistics screen. However.Figure 38: Selecting Settings and Statistics from the iSite Tree Menu 2. from the Monitor menu in the iSite menu bar. as well as the other monitor screens.

receive Automatic Gain Control (AGC). This tab displays status and configuration details about the remote modem. The status information is updated in real time. etc. Figure 39: Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab Note If the Downstream SNR field displays -1.Settings and Statistics: Equipment Details Tab The Equipment Details tab is shown in Figure 39. the receiver is not locked to a carrier. transmit and receive lock. 41 . including operating temperature.

Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab The Modem Parameters tab is shown in Figure 40. This tab displays configuration details about the remote modem’s Modulator and Demodulator, as well as the Connection Data Source and Interface Type.

Figure 40: Settings and Statistics: Modem Parameters Tab

Note

The Data Source field in the Connection area of the screen indicates the source of the data transmitted by this remote.

42

Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab The Ethernet Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the LAN interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and interrupt statistics. The information shown on the Ethernet Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the IP Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Ethernet Statistics tab is shown in Figure 41.

Figure 41: Settings and Statistics: Ethernet Statistics Tab

43

Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab The Satcom Statistics tab displays statistics associated with the satellite interface of the SCPC modem, including transmit statistics, receive statistics, and other (miscellaneous) statistics. The information shown on the Satcom Statistics tab is typically used by iDirect support personnel and engineers to troubleshoot communications problems. You should not need to use this tab unless you are working directly with the iDirect TAC. You can return the Satcom Statistics counts to zero by clicking the Reset Stats button. You must be logged on to the modem to reset the statistics. The Satcom Statistics tab is shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Settings and Statistics: Satcom Statistics Tab

44

2 Viewing the IP Statistics Graph iSite’s IP statistics graph displays IP traffic in both the transmit direction and the receive direction. such as the type of IP packets displayed and the time interval of the data. (Figure 43) View from the Figure 43: Selecting IP Stats View from the iSite Tree Menu 45 . Right-click your iSCPC remote in the Tree View and select IP Stats menu. beginning at the time that the screen is launched.9. To display the IP Statistics graph. you can customize various aspects of the graph. The graph shows real-time data. 1. By selecting display parameters.

right-click anywhere in the graph area of the screen to view the context menu. the IP Statistics graph is displayed with panes for both transmit and receive packets. Figure 45: IP Statistics Graph: Context Menu 46 .By default.) Figure 44: IP Statistics Graph: Default Display 2. and with all parameters enabled. If you want to modify the display parameters. (See Figure 44.

The parameter selections are discussed below. Figure 46: IP Statistics Graph: Parameter Selection Area The selectable display options for the IP Statistics graph are listed here. averaged over one minute. the receive traffic graph.3.) All others can be selected either from the context menu or from the parameters area of the screen. Units: Toggles the y-axis of the graph between kilobits per second (by selecting Bits) and kilobytes per second (by selecting Bytes). Parameters (context menu only): Displays the parameters section at the top of the screen. (See Figure 45. Hours: Displays 12 hours of data. Some parameters are configurable only from the context menu. Interval: Toggles the x-axis of the graph among the following selections: Seconds: Displays three minutes of data. Properties (context menu only): Allows to you modify the default color settings. Legend (context menu only): Displays a color-coded legend of the graph contents. Direction: Allows you to view the transmit traffic graph. or select Parameters from the menu to show the parameters area of the screen as shown in Figure 46. averaged over 10 minutes. Menu-only selections are indicated in parentheses below. Minutes: Displays one hour of data. 47 . Either select the display settings directly from the context menu. or both. Activity: Allows you to select which IP traffic types to display. or to show the total IP traffic as a single line on the graph.

2.9. etc. Right-click the iSCPC remote in the Tree View. Select Event View from the menu.3 Viewing Remote Events iSCPC remotes generate events and warnings concerning various aspects of operation such as component failures. You can view the events generated by an iSCPC remote as follows: 1. Figure 47: Selecting Event View from the iSite Tree Menu 48 . loss of receive lock.

49 . log on to the root account. 4. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account.2 to determine the IP address of the modem. Connect a serial cable between the COM1 port of your PC or Laptop and the console port on the remote modem. Once you have saved the port setup. follow the instructions in section A. At the prompt. press Enter a few times to generate a login prompt from the modem.2 Determining the IP Address of an iNFINITI Remote Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your remote modem. The procedure for determining the IP address differs slightly between iNFINITI remotes and NetModems. A. If you are connected to an iNFINITI remote. (See section A. At the Linux prompt.1 Opening a Console Connection to a Remote Modem In order to determine the IP address of your remote you must first establish a console connection to the remote from your PC. enter the command telnet 0 to connect to the iDirect application. In order to determine the IP address.1 for details. Launch a terminal emulator such as Tera Term or HyperTerminal and configure the serial connection with the settings shown in Figure 48: Figure 48: Serial Port Connection Parameters 3. 2. If you are connected to a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.Appendix A Determining Your Remote’s IP Address This appendix provides the procedure for determining the IP address of an iDirect remote modem. The default password is iDirect.) 1. you must first establish a console connection to the modem from your PC and log on to the iDirect application on the modem. Follow these steps to establish a console connection: 1. A. follow the instructions in section A.3 to determine the IP address of the modem.

2.0 2. (See Appendix B for details. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect the remote modem using iSite. Log on using the following username and password: Username: admin Password: iDirect 3.255. (See section A. 4. Figure 49: Executing the laninfo Command on an iNFINITI Remote A.3 Determining the IP Address of a NetModem II or NetModem II Plus Follow the steps in this section to determine the IP address and subnet mask of your NetModem II or NetModem II Plus.) 50 . (See Appendix B for details.4. The procedure assumes that you have connected to your modem using the serial port and logged into the root account.1 for details. This is sample output: > laninfo Address: 92. At the command line prompt.) 1. Enter the command laninfo to view the IP address and subnet mask of your router.65 Netmask: 55. Note the IP address and subnet mask. enter the command laninfo.255. Note the IP address and subnet mask.) The steps of this procedure are illustrated in Figure 49. You will need these parameters when setting the IP address on your PC to connect to the remote modem using iSite.168.

This screen’s appearance varies in Windows 2000 and Windows XP. Figure 51: Local Area Connection Properties Sheet 51 .Appendix B Reconfiguring Your PC’s IP Address Establish IP connectivity to the remote modem from your laptop by modifying your IP address as follows: 1. Figure 50: Local Area Connection Status Dialog Box 3. 2. double-click Network Connections. Click the Properties button to display the Local Area Connection properties sheet. Launch the Local Area Connection Status dialog box (Figure 50) by double-clicking your LAN connection. From your computer’s Control Panel.

Click OK to save your changes. select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). you do not need to specify DNS server addresses. Once you have reconfigured the IP address on your PC or laptop. This enables you to connect using “telnet” or iSite. you should have IP connectivity to the remote modem. b. Figure 52: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Dialog Box 5. d. c. Enter an IP address that is inside the range specified by the remote’s IP address and subnet mask. Enter the same Subnet mask that you retrieved from the remote modem using the laninfo command. Note For a local connection. On the Local Area Connection properties sheet. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box: a. 52 . Select Use the following IP address.4. Then click the Properties button to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box.

enter the IP Address of the remote and select Admin. determine it by following the procedure in Appendix A. The appendix has the following sections: Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC C. Follow these steps: 1.0. 3.1 Logging On to iSite without Auto-Discovery If the iSite auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC. In the Login As area of the iSite Login dialog box. 2. 53 . the auto-discover feature does not always work reliably with PCs or laptops running Windows XP. iSite should automatically discover any iDirect modems to which it has IP connectivity. you can connect to your remote by creating an unknown element in the iSite Tree View and logging on to that element using the remote’s IP address. (“iDirect” is the default admin password. Right-click the Unknown element in the tree and select Login from the menu.0] is added to the iSite tree.0. Click OK to log on. right-click on the iDirect globe and select New from the menu.Appendix C Connecting with iSite if Auto-Discovery is Disabled On startup. 5. 4. This appendix discusses methods for accessing your remotes using iSite if the auto-discovery feature does not work on your PC or laptop. If you do not know the IP address of your remote. A new element labeled Unknown# 0 [0. However.) Figure 53: Logging On Without Auto-Discovery 6. In the iSite Tree View. Enter the Admin Password and click OK.

C. in case you need to revert to the original settings. if your PC is running Windows XP. Warning Warning A copy of your current registry should be saved prior to making any changes. Therefore. any Registry modifications can potentially affect the ability of other applications on your PC to execute correctly. Although iDirect is not currently aware of any issues associated with this change. In the Registry Editor (Figure 55). Click the Start button in your Windows Taskbar and select Run from the start menu. Follow these steps to modify your Windows Registry to use IGMPv2: 1. navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Services/Tcpip/ 54 . PCs running Windows XP are generally configured to use IGMPv3. iSite requires IGMPv2 messages. Figure 54: Starting the Registry Editor 3. iDirect recommends that this change be tested in a controlled environment on an identical PC to verify that machines to be used in the field will not be affected.2 Enabling IGMP Version 2 Messages on Your PC In order for the auto-discovery feature to work correctly. The procedure in this section details the steps required to reconfigure a PC using IGMPv3 to use IGMPv2. This can be accomplished using the File -> Export command in the Registry Editor. While PCs running Windows 2000 are generally configured to use IGMPv2. To start the Registry Editor. enter the command regedit in the Open text box and click OK. the iSite auto-discovery feature may not work reliably. This procedure requires you to modify your Windows Registry. 2.

Figure 57: Changing the IGMP Version to Version 2 55 . Figure 56: Selecting Modify from in the Registry Editor 6. right-click IGMPVersion and select Modify from the menu to display the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. Under Tcpip. enter the value 3. The value 3 represents IGMP version 2. In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box. select Parameters. In the Name column of the right-hand pane of the Registry Editor.4. Figure 55: Selecting TCP/IP Parameters in the Registry Editor 5.

Click OK to save the change. 56 .7. Note You may need to restart your PC or laptop for the registry change to take effect.

The table below shows the frequency stability required at various data rates. Remote Data Rate 57 .Appendix D LNB Frequency Stability Requirements The frequency stability of the LNB required for your remote depends on the size of the carrier being received. Table 3: LNB Frequency Stability Requirements vs.