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Medium-Voltage Devices Product Range

Devices for medium-voltage switchgear


With the equipment program for switchgear Siemens can deliver nearly every device which is required in the mediumvoltage range between 7.2 and 36 kV. Fig. 110 gives an overview about the available devices and their main characteristics. All components and devices conform to international and national standards, as there are: Vacuum circuit breakers
s s s s

Device

Type

Rated voltage [kV]

Shortcircuit current [kA]

Short-time current (3s) [kA]

Indoor vacuum circuit breaker

3AH

7.2 36

13.1 63

13.1 63

Outdoor vacuum circuit breaker

3AF 3AG

12, 36

25

25

IEC 56 IEC 694 BS5311 DIN VDE 0670

Modular assembly set with indoor VCB

7.2 15

25 44

25 44

Vacuum switches
s IEC 265-1 s DIN VDE 0670, Part 301

Indoor vacuum switch

3CG

7.2 24

16 20

in combination with Siemens fuses:


s IEC 420 s DIN VDE 0670, Part 303

Indoor vacuum contactor

3TL

3.6 12

8 (1s)

Vacuum contactors
s IEC 470 s DIN VDE 0660, Part 103 s UL 347

Vacuum interrupter

VS

7.2 40.5

12.5 72

12.5 72

Switch disconnectors
s s s s

Indoor switch disconnector

3CJ

7.2 24

16 20 (1s)

IEC 129 IEC 265-1 DIN VDE 0670, Part 2 DIN VDE 0670, Part 301

Indoor disconnecting and grounding switch

3D

7.2 36

16 ... 63 (1s)

HV HRC fuses
s IEC 282 s DIN VDE 0670, Part 4

HV HRC fuses

3GD

7.2 36

31.5 80

Current and voltage transformers


s s s s

Fuse bases

3GH

7.2 36

IEC 185, 186 DIN VDE 0414 BS 3938, 3941 ANSI C57.13

44 peak withstand current

Indoor post insulators, bushings

3FA

3.6 36

For further information please contact: Fax: ++ 49 - 91 31 - 73 46 54

Indoor and outdoor current and voltage transformers

3M

12 36

Fig. 110: Equipment program for medium-voltage switchgear

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Medium-Voltage Devices Product Range

Rated current mechanical [A]

Operating cycles with rated current with shortcircuit current

Applications/remarks

Page

800 4000

10,000 120,000

10,000 30,000

25 100

All applications, e.g. overhead lines, cables, transformers, motors, generators, capacitors, filter circuits, arc furnaces

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1600

10,000

10,000

30 50

All applications, e.g. overhead lines, cables, transformers, motors, generators, capacitors, filter circuits

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1250 3150

Original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and retrofit

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800

10,000

10,000

All applications, e.g. overhead lines, cables, transformers, motors, capacitors; high number of operations; fuses necessary for short-circuit protection All applications, especially motors with very high number of operating cycles

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400 450

1x106 ... 3x106

0.25x105 ... 2x106

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800 4000

10,000 30,000

10,000 30,000

25 100

For circuit breakers, switches and gas-insulated switchgear

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630

1000

20

Small number of operations, e.g. distribution transformers

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400 2500

Protection of personnel working on equipment

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6.3 250

Short-circuit protection; short-circuit current limitation

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400

Accommodation of HV HRC fuse links

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Insulation of live parts from another, carrying and supporting function

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Measuring and protection

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3AH

Indoor vacuum circuit breakers type 3AH


The 3AH vacuum circuit breakers are three-phase medium-voltage circuit breakers for indoor installations. As standard circuit breakers they are available for the entire medium-voltage range. Circuit breakers with reduced pole center distances, circuit breakers for very high numbers of switching cycles and singlephase versions are part of the program. The following breaker types are available:
s 3AH1 the maintenancefree circuit

Rated voltage [kV] 36 24

17.5 15

12

breaker which covers the range between 7.2 kV and 24 kV. It has a lifetime of 10,000 operating cycles s 3AH2 the circuit breaker for 60,000 operating cycles in the range between 7.2 kV and 24 kV s 3AH3 the maintenancefree circuit breaker for high breaking capacities in the range between 7.2 kV and 36 kV. It has a lifetime of 10,000 operating cycles s 3AH4 the circuit breaker for up to 120,000 operating cycles s 3AH5 the economical circuit breaker in the lower range for 10,000 maintenancefree operating cycle The 3AH circuit breakers are suitable for:
s Rapid load transfer, synchronization s Automatic reclosing up to 31.5 kA s Breaking short-circuit currents with

7.2 Rated shortcircuit breaking current [kA] Rated current [A] 13.1 800 16 20 25 31.5 40 50 63

- 1250 1250 1250 800 800 800 800 800 1250 -1250 -1250 -2500 -1250 -1250 -2500 2500 -3150 -3150 -4000

3AH1

3AH2

3AH3

3AH4

3AH5

Fig. 111: The complete 3AH program

Properties of 3AH circuit breakers: No relubrication Nonwearing material pairs at the bearing points and nonaging greases make relubrication superfluous on 3AH circuit breakers up to 10,000 operating cycles, even after long periods of standstill. High availability Continuous tests have proven that the 3AHs are maintenancefree up to 10,000 operating cycles: accelerated temperature/ humidity change cycles between 25 and +60 C prove that the 3AH functions reliably without maintenance. Assured quality Exemplary quality control with some hundred switching cycles per circuit breaker, certified to DIN/ISO 9001. No readjustment Narrow tolerances in the production of the 3AH permanently prevent impermissible play: even after frequent switching the 3AH circuit breaker does not need to be readjusted up to 10,000 operating cycles.

s s s s s

very high initial rates of rise of the recovery voltage Switching motors Switching transformers and reactors Switching overhead lines and cables Switching capacitors Switching arc furnaces

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3AH

Advantages of the vacuum switching principle The most important advantages of the principle of arc extinction in a vacuum have made the circuit breakers a technically superior product and the principle on which they work the most economical extinction method available: s Constant dielectric: In a vacuum there are no decomposition products and because the vacuum interrupter is hermetically sealed there are no environmental influences on it. s Constant contact resistance: The absence of oxidization in a vacuum keeps the metal contact surface clean. For this reason, contact resistance can be guaranteed to remain low over the whole life of the equipment. s Large total current: Because there is little burning of contacts, the rated normal current can be interrupted up to 30,000 times, the short-circuit breaking current an average of 50 times s Small chopping current: The chopping current in the Siemens vacuum interrupter is only 4 to 5 A due to the use of a special contact material. s High reliability: The vacuum interrupters need no sealings as conventional circuit breakers. This and the small number of moving parts inside makes it extremely reliable.

Fig. 112: Vacuum circuit breakers type 3AH

Fig. 113: Front view of vacuum circuit breaker 3AH1 with 160-mm pole center distance. Available up to 17.5 kV

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3AH

3AH1, 12 kV
20 kA, up to 1250 A 25 kA, up to 1250 A 210

604 532 210 105

520 190

437

473

60 Dimensions in mm

3AH1, 3AH2, 12 kV
31.5 kA, 2500 A, 40 kA, 2500 A

604 538 210 210 105

550 190

437

583

109 Dimensions in mm 565

3AH1, 24 kV
16 kA, up to 1250 A, 20 kA, up to 1250 A, 25 kA, up to 1250 A 275

708 662 275 105

565 190

535 437

60 Dimensions in mm
Fig. 114a: Dimensions of typical vacuum circuit breakers type 3AH (Examples)

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3AH

3AH1, 3AH2, 24 kV
25 kA, 2500 A 275

708 670 275 105

595 190

437

648

109 Dimensions in mm 610

3AH3, 12 kV
63 kA, 4000 A

750 275 275

211

483

564

733

Dimensions in mm

776

3AH3, 3AH4, 36 kV
31.5 kA, 2500 A, 40 kA, 2500 A

820 350 350

211

526

564

791 1000

Dimensions in mm

853

612

Fig. 114b: Dimensions of typical vacuum circuit breakers type 3AH (Examples)

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3AF/3AG

Outdoor vacuum circuit breakers type 3AF and 3AG


The Siemens outdoor vacuum circuit breakers are structure-mounted, easy-toinstall vacuum circuit breakers for use in systems up to 36 kV. The pole construction is a porcelain-clad construction similar to conventional outdoor high-voltage switchgear. The triple-pole circuit breaker is fitted with reliable and well proven vacuum interrupters. Adequate phase spacing and height have been provided to meet standards and safety requirements. It is suitable for direct connection to overhead lines. The type design incorporates a minimum of moving parts and a simplicity of assembly assuring a long mechanical and electrical life. All the fundamental advantages of using vacuum interrupters like low operating energy, lightweight construction, virtually shockfree performance leading to ease of erection and reduction in foundation requirements, etc. have been retained. The Siemens outdoor vacuum circuit breakers are designed and tested to meet the requirements of IEC 56/IS 13118. Advantages at a glance
s s s s s

Technical data Vacuum circuit-breaker type Rated voltage Rated frequency Rated lightningimpulse withstand voltage Rated power-frequency withstand voltage (dry and wet) Rated short-circuit breaking current Rated short-circuit making current Rated current [kV] [Hz] [kV] [kV] [kA] [kA] [A] Type 3AG
12 50/60 75

Type 3AF
36 50/60 170 70 25

28 25

63

63

1600

1600

Fig. 116: Ratings for outdoor vacuum circuit breakers

Front view
1830 190 725 725

Side view
285 285

High reliability Negligible maintenance Suitable for rapid autoreclosing duty Long electrical and mechanical life Completely environmental-friendly

3710 3748 3105 2510

1217

1730 1930 Dimensions in mm


Fig. 115: Outdoor vacuum circuit breaker type 3AF for 36 kV Fig. 117: Dimensions of outdoor circuit breaker type 3AF for 36 kV

450 650

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Medium-Voltage Devices Modular Assembly Sets

Modular assembly sets with indoor vacuum circuit breakers


The modular assembly sets are especially suitable for retrofit applications and for the use by original equipment manufacturers (OEM). The withdrawable assembly sets consist of parts of type-tested, metal-clad, air-insulated medium-voltage primary distribution switchgear. The circuit-breaker compartment can be integrated in the complete bay as individually required. The centerpiece of the set is a mediumvoltage vacuum circuit breaker, incorporating all benefits of vacuum switchgear technology:
s s s s s

High reliability Negligible maintenance Long electrical and mechanical life Completely environment-friendly Suitable for all switching duties Use of these parts allows the OEM to utilize Siemens know-how in the construction of air-insulated switchgear, with all the consequent advantages, such as: oped and manufactured to DIN/ISO 9001

s Components type-tested to IEC, devels Maximum flexibility in the manufacturing

process
s Wide product range

Fig. 118: Withdrawable truck with vacuum circuit breaker (Example)

Ratings for withdrawable truck shown in Fig. 118 7.2 kV to 15 kV 1250 A to 3150 A 25 kA to 44 kA rated voltage rated current rated short-circuit breaking current

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3CG

Indoor vacuum switches type 3CG


The 3CG vacuum switches are multipurpose switches conforming to IEC 265-1 and DIN VDE 0670 Part 301. With these, all loads can be switched without any restriction and with a high degree of reliability. The electrical and mechanical data are greater than for conventional switches. A rated current of 800 A, for example, can be interrupted 10,000 times without maintenance. The operating mechanism needs to be lubricated only every 10 years. The vacuum switch is therefore extremely economical. Vacuum switches are suitable for the following switching duties:
s s s s s s

Technical data Rated voltage U Rated lightning-impulse withstand voltage Ul, Rated short-circuit making current I ma Rated short-time current I m (3s) Rated normal current I n Rated ring-main breaking current I c 1 Rated transformer breaking current Rated capacitor breaking current Rated cable-charging breaking current I c Rated breaking current for stalled motors I d Inductive switching capacity (cos 0.15) [kV] [kV] [kA] [kA] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A]
7.2 60 50 20 800 800 10 800 63 2500 2500 12 75 50 20 800 800 10 800 63 1600 1600 15 95 50 20 800 800 10 800 63 1250 1250 24 125 40 16 800 800 10 800 63 1250

Overhead lines Cables Transformers Motors Capacitors Switching under ground-fault conditions

3CG switches can be combined with all Siemens fuses (250 A) and comply with the specifications of IEC 420 and DIN VDE 0670 Part 303.

Switching capacity under ground fault conditions: Rated ground fault breaking current I e [A] [A] Rated cable-charging breaking current [A] Rated cable charging breaking current with superimposed load current Number of switching cycles with I n
Fig. 119: Ratings for vacuum switches type 3CG

630 63 63+800

630 63 63+800

630 63 63+800

630 63 63+800

10,000

10,000

10,000

10,000

Fig. 120: Vacuum switch type 3CG for 24 kV, 800 A

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3CG

7.2 and 12 kV switch


530 210 210 492

264 435

482

568 592 Dimensions in mm

43 170

24 kV switch
630 537 275 275

379 435

597

684 708 Dimensions in mm


Fig. 121: Dimensions of vacuum switch type 3CG (Examples)

43 170

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3TL

Vacuum contactors Type 3TL


The three-pole vacuum contactors type 3TL are for medium-voltage systems between 3.6 kV and 12 kV and incorporate a solenoid-operated mechanism for high switching frequency and unlimited closing duration.They are suitable for the operational switching of AC devices in indoor systems and can perform, for example, the following switching duties: s Switching of three-phase motors in AC-3 and AC-4 operation s Switching of transformers s Switching of capacitors s Switching of ohmic loads (e.g. arc furnaces) 3TL vacuum contactors have the following features: s Small dimensions s Long electrical life (up to 10 6 operating cycles) s Maintenancefree s Vertical or horizontal mounting The vacuum contactors comply with the standards for high-voltage AC contactors between 1 kV and 12 kV according to IEC Publication 470-1970 and DIN VDE 0660 Part 103. 3TL contactors also comply with UL Standard 347. The vacuum contactors are available in different designs: s Type 3TL6 with compact dimensions and an electrical lifetime of 1x106 operating cycles s Type 3TL8 with slender design and an electrical lifetime of 0.25x106 operating cycles In the withdrawable unit, the 3TL6 vacuum contactor can be grouped together and electrically connected with fuse carriers for HV HRC fuse links according to DIN/BS and also with overvoltage limiters.

280 mm

1200 mm

780 mm 325 mm

340 mm
Fig. 122: Vacuum contactor type 3TL6 for fixed mounting

605 mm

Fig. 123: Vacuum contactor type 3TL6 mounted on withdrawable unit

Technical data Vacuum contactor type Rated voltage U e Rated frequency Rated normal current I e [kV] [Hz] [A] 3TL 60
3.6 50/60 450

3TL 61
7.2

3TL 65
12

3TL 81
7.2 50/60 400

Switching capacity according to [A] utilization category AC-4 (cos = 0.35) Rated making current Rated breaking current Mechanical life of the contactor switching cycles Mechanical life of the vacuum interrupter switching cycles Electrical life of the vacuum interrupter (switching cycles with rated current)
Fig. 124: Ratings for vacuum contactors type 3TL

4500 3600 3 x 106 2 x 106 1 x 106 3 x 106 2 x 106 1 x 106 1 x 106 1 x 106 1 x 106

4000 3200 1 x 106 0.25 x 106 0.25 x 106

220 mm

375 mm

390 mm

Fig. 125: Vacuum contactor type 3TL8 for fixed mounting

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type VS

Vacuum interrupters
Vacuum interrupters for the medium-voltage range are available from Siemens for all applications on the international market from 1 kV up to 40.5 kV. Applications
s s s s s s s

Vacuum circuit breakers Vacuum switches Vacuum contactors Transformer tap switches Circuit breakers for railway applications Autoreclosers Special applications, e.g. in nuclear fusion

Compact design Vacuum interrupters provide a very high switching capacity within very compact dimensions: e.g. vacuum interrupters for 15 kV/40 kA with housing dimensions of 125 mm diameter by 168 mm length or for 12 kV/12.5 kA with 68 mm diameter by 124 mm length. Consistant quality assurance Complete quality assurance (TQM and DIN/ISO 9001), rigorous material checking of every delivery and 100% tests of the interrupters for vacuum sealing guarantee reliable operation and the long life of Siemens vacuum interrupters. Environmental protection In the manufacture of our vacuum interrupters we only use environmentally compatible materials, such as copper, ceramics and high-grade steel. The manufacturing processes do not damage the environment. For example, no CFCs are used in production (fulfilling the Montreal agreement), the components are cleaned in a ultrasonic cleaning plant. During operation vacuum interrupters do not affect the environment and are themselves not affected by the environment. Know-how for special applications If necessary, Siemens is prepared to supplement our wide standard program by way of tailored, customized concepts.

Fig. 126: Vacuum interrupters from 1 kV to 40.5 kV

Interrupters for vacuum circuit breakers

Un
In Isc

7.2 kV 40.5 kV 800 A 4000 A 12.5 kA 72 kA

Interrupters for vacuum contactors

Un
In

1 kV 12 kV 450 A

Fig. 127: Range of ratings for vacuum interrupters

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3CJ1

Switch disconnectors type 3CJ1


Indoor switch disconnectors type 3CJ1 are multipurpose types and meet all the relevant standards both as the basic version and in combination with (make-proof) grounding switches. The 3CJ1 indoor switch-disconnectors have the following features: s A modular system with all important modules such as fuses, (make-proof) grounding switches, motor operating mechanism, shunt releases and auxiliary switches s Good dielectric properties even under difficult climatic conditions because of the exclusive use of standard post insulators for insulation against ground s No insulating partitions even with small phase spacings s Simple maintenance and inspection

Fig. 128: Switch disconnector type 3CJ1

Technical data Rated voltage Rated short-time current Rated short-circuit making current Rated normal current [kV] [kA]
7.2 20 12 20 15 16 24 16

[kA]

50

50

40

40

[A]

630

630

630

630

Fig. 129: Ratings for switch disconnectors type 3CJ1

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3D

Disconnecting and grounding switches type 3D


Disconnecting and grounding switches type 3D are suitable for indoor installations from 12 kV up to 36 kV. Disconnectors are mainly used to protect personnel working on equipment and must therefore be very reliable and safe. This is assured even under difficult climatic conditions. Disconnecting and grounding switches type 3D are supplied with a manual or motor drive operating mechanism.

Fig. 130: Disconnecting switch type 3DC

Technical data Rated voltage Rated short-time current Rated short-circuit making current Rated normal current [kV] [kA]
12 16 to 63 24 16 to 31.5 36 20 to 31.5

[kA]

40 to 160

40 to 80

50 to 80

[A]

400 to 2500

630 to 2500

630 to 2500

Fig. 131: Ratings for disconnectors type 3DC

Technical data Rated voltage Rated short-time current Rated peak withstand current [kV] [kA]
12 20 to 63 24 20 to 31.5 36 20 to 31.5

[kA]

50 to 160

50 to 80

50 to 80

Fig. 132: Ratings for grounding switches type 3DE

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 3GD/3GH

HV HRC fuses type 3GD


HV HRC (high-voltage high-rupturing-capacity) fuses are used as a short-circuit protection in high-voltage switchgear. They protect switchgear and components, such as transformers, motors, capacitors, voltage transformers and cable feeders, from the dynamic and thermal effects of high shortcircuit currents by breaking them as they occur. The HV HRC fuse links can only be used to a limited degree as overload protection because they only operate with certainty when their minimum breaking current has already been exceeded. Up to this current the integrated thermal striker prevents a thermal overload on the fuse when used in circuit breaker/fuse combinations. Siemens HV HRC fuse links have the following features:
s Use in indoor and outdoor installations s Nonaging because the fuse element

Fig. 133: HV HRC fuse type 3GD

Technical data Rated voltage Rated short-circuit breaking current Rated normal current
[kV] [kA]

7.2 63 to 80

12 40 to 63

24 31.5 to 40

36 31.5

is made of pure silver s Thermal tripping s Absolutely watertight s Low power loss With our 30 years of experience in the manufacture of HV HRC fuse links and with production and quality assurance that complies with DIN/ISO 9001, Siemens HV HRC fuse links meet the toughest demands for safety and reliability.

[A]

6.3 to 250

6.3 to 160

6.3 to 100

6.3 to 40

Fig. 134: Ratings for HV HRC fuse links type 3GD

Fuse-bases type 3GH


3GH fuse bases are used to accomodate HV HRC fuse links in switchgear. These fuse bases are suitable for:
s Indoor installations s High air humidity s Occasional condensation

3GH HV HRC fuse bases are available as single-phase and three-phase versions. On request, a switching state indicator with an auxiliary switch can be installed.

Fig. 135: Fuse bases type 3GH with HV HRC fuse links

Technical data Rated voltage Peak withstand current Rated current


[kV] [kA]

3.6/7.2 44

12 44

24 44

36 44

[A]

400

400

400

400

Fig. 136: Ratings for fuse bases type 3GH

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Medium-Voltage Devices Insulators and Bushings

Insulators: Post insulators type 3FA and bushings type 3FH/3FM


Insulators (post insulators and bushings) are used to insulate live parts from one another and also fulfill mechanical carrying and supporting functions. The materials for insulators are various cast resins and porcelains. The use of these materials, which have proved themselves over many years of exposure to the roughest operating and ambient conditions and the high quality standard to DIN/ISO 9001, assure the high degree of reliability of the insulators. Special ribbed forms ensure high electrical strength even when materials are deposited on the surface and occasional condensation is formed. Post insulators and bushings are manufactured in various designs for indoor and outdoor use depending on the application. Innovative solutions, such as the 3FA4 divider post insulator with an integrated expulsion-type arrester, provide optimum utility for the customer. Special designs are possible if requested by the customer.

Fig. 138: Post insulators type 3FA1/2

Technical data Normal voltage Lightning-impulse withstand voltage Rated power-frequency withstand voltage Minimum failing load [kV] [kV] [kV] [kN]
3.6 60 to 65 27 to 40 3.75 to 16 12 65 to 90 35 to 50 3.75 to 25 24 100 to 145 55 to 75 3.75 to 25 36 145 to 190 75 to 105 3.75 to 16

Fig. 139: Ratings for post insulators type 3FA1/2

U1 U U2

C1

L Conductor U Operating voltage U1 Partial voltage across C1 U2 Partial voltage across C2 and indicator

C2

C1 Coupling capacitance C2 Undercapacitance V Arrester A Indicator M Measuring socket

Fig. 137: Draw-lead bushing type 3FH5/6

Fig. 140: The principle of capacitive voltage indication with the 3FA4 divider post insulator

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Medium-Voltage Devices Type 4M

Current and voltage transformers type 4M


Measuring transformers are electrical devices that transform primary electrical quantities (currents and voltages) to proportional and in-phase quantities which are safe for connected equipment and operating personnel. The indoor post insulator current and voltage transformers of the block type have DIN-conformant dimensions and are used in air-insulated switchgear. A maximum of operational safety is assured even under difficult climatic conditions by the use of cycloalyphatic resin systems and proven cast-resin technology. Special customized versions (e.g. up to 3 cores for current transformers, switchable windings, capacitance layer for voltage indication) can be supplied on request. The program also includes cast-resin insulated-bushing current transformers and outdoor current and voltage transformers.

Fig. 141: Block current transformer type 4MA

Fig. 142: Outdoor voltage transformer type 4MS4

Technical data Current transformers Rated voltage Primary rated current [kV] [A]
12 10 to 2500 80 24 10 to 2500 80 36 10 to 2500 80 5 to 10 5 to 13 8 to 17

Voltage transformers
12 24 36

Max. thermal rated [kA] short time current Sec. thermal limit current [A]

Fig. 143: Ratings for current and voltage transformers

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