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SUBMITTED BY I.SIVARANJANI, IV Year B.E.(EEE) V.SIVA SANKARI, IV Year B.E.(EEE) VELAMMAL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING &TECHNOLOGY VIRAGANOOR MADURAI -625 009
The following is a statistic on the number of road accidents occurring each year. Power transmission rates vary in many Bluetooth devices depending upon the power saving features available in a particular unit. Road accident statistics 3. This is precisely the aim of this paper. These accidents can be avoided if only there was a mechanism to alert the driver of approaching danger. Representation of our idea 6. transmission distance. 2 . Operation 4. In this paper we propose the use of Bluetooth Technology by which we can check the speed of the car whenever it comes dangerously close to any other vehicle up front. Thus thus if we preventing have two Bluetooth enabled devices in two cars the devices automatically communicate with each other when they come in the range of up to 100 meters of each other. Automatic braking system 5. The range is dependant on the power class of the product. This can be done by monitoring the distance between nearby cars and alerting the driver whenever the distance becomes too short.ABSTRACT In the current scenario the world is plagued by accidents which are primarily due to human errors in judgment and hence thousands of lives are lost. References INTRODUCTION Since Bluetooth devices are capable of communicating with eight other devices simultaneously we can monitor and check the speeds of up to eight cars simultaneously. The statistics of road accidents is tremendous and highlights the need for such a system. thereby saving very many lives. bandwidth requirements. Introduction 2. accidents. CONTENTS: 1. Conclusion 7.
33 25.12 80.81 116.68 No. of of Registered Accidents Motor Vehicles per ten (in thousands) thousand Vehicles 5 1401 4521 19152 21374 23507 25505 27660 30295 33786 37332 41368 44875 48857 54991 58924 67033 6 814.shows number of person’s killed during the last 10 years 400 500 4 0 30 000 300 500 .10 20. Fig 1.62 19.76 69.No.87 100. of Persons Killed (in numbers) Total number No.32 18.07 86.ROAD ACCIDENT STATISTICS OF INDIA 1970-2003: Sl. of Persons Killed per ten thousand Vehicles 7 103.57 23.86 147.19 109.12 73.22 111.36 22.60 117.42 338.56 138.71 14.09 93. Year Total No.25 26.08 117.16 60. of Road Accidents (in numbers) Total No.09 28.83 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 1970 1980 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 3 114100 153200 282600 295131 275541 284646 325864 351999 371204 373671 385018 386456 391449 405637 407497 406726 4 14500 24000 54100 56278 60113 60380 64463 70781 74665 76977 79919 81966 78911 80888 84674 85998 Source: Data received from States/UTs.15 14.37 12.50 53.31 23.27 16.67 23.
At the 20 dB the range is 100 meters. The group of eight devices is known as piconet. The Bluetooth radio is a short distance. Here we have a piconet and a scatternet. meaning equipment must be Within 100 meters to each other (about 328 feet) to communicate standard. in the piconet M is the master and S1 to S7 are the slaves MINI COMPUTER INSIDE THE CAR CAR 4 CAR 3 CAR 5 CAR 2 CAR 1 CAR 6 CAR 7 CAR 8 4 .4 GHz and using a nominal antenna power of 20 dBm. low power radio operating in the unlicensed spectrum of 2. using the the help Bluetooth of this With Fig 2 –shows the mini computer inside the car technology we can send data to the eight devices. The figure 2 shows that when two cars or more come within the distance of 10 km at high speeds there is a possibility of having accidents.OPERATION: Because of traveling at high speeds there is a possibility of having accident.
402 GHz and stopping at 2. 5 . So in order to avoid it we use bluetooth equipped car. in which each car have bluetooth transmitter and receiver. So the Bluetooth specification has solved this problem by employing what is called as spectrum spreading. each of which is displaced by 1 MHz. The Bluetooth avoids interference by hoping around these 79 frequencies 1600 times per second.M2 M S 7 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 S1 S2 S 1 M1/S M1 S1 S1/S3 Fig 3-shows the master and slave operation S3 Radio communication is subjected to noise and interference. in which the Bluetooth radio hops among different frequencies very quickly.4 GHz frequencies is shared between the all device in piconet. Fig 4.480 GHz. First type of signal control the speed of the car and the second type of signal is to overtake the car which is moving forward. as the 2. There are 79 hops starting at 2.shows the how does the pc card receives When any car comes close together Bluetooth device sends warning signal to the car. There are two types of control signals. Based on the type of warning signal received the computer sends signal to the brake control system to slow down the speed of the car. And the every car should have mini computer to monitor the relative position of the car with the other car.
This prevents the pressure from rising further should the driver push the brake pedal harder. 6 The computer constantly monitors the distance between each of these . After the speed of the car is reduced and distance increased the hydraulic valves decreases the pressure on the braking circuit. The following steps show the various functions of the hydraulic valves: • Fig 5 AUTOMTIC BRAKE SYSTEM: The automatic brake system is the next generation braking system for controlling the speed of the car. if the distance between two vehicle is within the 100m the Bluetooth devices get enabled and if the distance come closer within 10m the automatic braking system takes the control. isolating that brake from the Automatic braking pump and valves master cylinder. thus effectively decrease the braking force on the wheels. the valve is open. effectively increasing the braking force on the wheels. There are four main components to an automatic braking system: • • • • speed sensors pump valves controller in position one. pressure from the master cylinder is passed right through to the brake.SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF CAR: cars and when it senses that the car is getting too close it moves the hydraulic valves to increase the pressure on the braking circuit. • in position two. On receiving the control signal from the traveling car the computer inside the car manipulates the signal and gives control signal to the braking system. the valve blocks the line.
The possibility for new applications is very exciting with this versatile technology. It provides a simple. Thus. nor do companies need to worry about building external cables. The Bluetooth communication device will thus be a small.• in position three. Bluetooth has been designed to solve a number of connectivity problems experienced by the mobile workers & consumers. this technology helps make the electronic devices more user friendly 7 . REPRESENTATION OF OUR IDEA: Sends warning signal Receives signal and control the speed of car Within 10m Fig 7-shows the what happen when two cars comes within the 10m CONCLUSION: communication The Bluetooth technology is being widely adopted by the Industry leaders.then neither do companies have to worry about WAN. the valve releases some of the pressure from the brake. In the figure 7 when car A and car B come within the range of 100m both the Bluetooth devices get enabled and if any one of the car comes too fast then the bluetooth device sends a warning signal to the other car and it processes the signal and gives it to the automatic braking system. low powered radio in a chip that will talk to other Bluetooth enabled products. common logical radio answer into to all the Problems which is built a single every mobile computer .
8 .and helps address various other problems like accidents.
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