NEUROGLIA

GLIA CELLS IN THE PNS
- Schwann cell - Satellite cell

GLIA CELLS IN THE CNS
- Oligodendrocytes - Microglia - Astrocyte - Ependyma

Myelin formation in nerve fibers:
Schwann-cell
(PNS)

Oligodendrocyte
(CNS)

PERIPHERAL NERVE IN TRANSVERSE SECTION

PERIPHERAL NERVE IN TRANSVERSE SECTION
Paraneurium Epineurium Perineurium

Adipose tissue

Endoneurium

Artery, Vein

PERIPHERAL NERVE IN TRANSVERSE SECTION
72. Peripheral nerve, HE. (low power magnification)

Perineurium

Schwann-cell nucleus

Axon Myelin sheath

Nucleus of fibrocyte

PERIPHERAL NERVE IN TRANSVERSE SECTION
74. Peripheral nerve, Osmium

Axon

Myelin sheath

Axon

Endoneurium Perineurium

PERIPHERAL NERVE IN LONGITUDINAL SECTION

SCHMIDT- LANTERMANN CLEFTS

PERIPHERAL NERVE IN LONGITUDINAL SECTION
73. Peripheral nerve, HE.

Nucleus of fibrocyte

Node of Ranvier

Schwann cell nucleus

Axon

PERIPHERAL NERVE IN LONGITUDINAL SECTION
73. Peripheral nerve, HE.

Schwann cell nucleus

Nodes of Ranvier

PERIPHERAL NERVE IN LONGITUDINAL SECTION
75. Peripheral nerve, Osmium

Nodes of Ranvier

Axon

Myelin sheath

GLIA CELLS IN THE PNS

Pseudounipolar neurons

Satellite cell nucleus

Schwann cell nucleus

Glial ce lls in th e CN S are m ad e o f as tro cyte s , o ligo d e n d ro cyte s , e p e n d ym al ce lls , an d m icro glial ce lls .

Main functions of the astrocytes: -structural support -repair processes -blood-brain barrier -metabolic exchanges - scar-making cells

ASTROCYTES
86. Astrocytes, GFAP

Capillary

Astrocytes

Perivascular limiting membrane