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ST101Exam1Review 1. Ageologicalresearcherrecordedmanyvaluesontherocksofastatepark,whichincluded bothlargebouldersandsmallerrocks.ConsiderthevariableThicknessofrock(in centimeters).Whatshapewouldyouexpectthisvariabletohave? a. Symmetric. b. Bimodal. c. Skewedtotheright. d. Skewedtotheleft. 2. Onaquiz,thescoresforaparticularclasshadastandarddeviationof1point.Whichofthe followinggivesthemostsuitableinterpretationofthisstandarddeviation? a. Onaverage,theindividualscoresareonepointapart. b. Thedifferencebetweenthehighestandlowestscoreis1. c. Thedifferencebetweentheupperandlowerquartileis1 d. Onaverage,scoresare1pointawayfromthemean. 3.

3. Insamplesurveystheproblemofundercoverageoccurswhen a. therearenotenoughstaffattocallthesubjects. b. notallofthepopulationisrepresentedonthesamplingframe. c. thequestionsaskedbiastheresultsagainstsubjectsoflowersocioeconomicstatus. d. Botha.andb.butnotc. 4. Theboxinaboxplot a. indicatesthemiddle50%ofthedata. b. indicatesthemiddle75%ofthedata. c. isalways2standarddeviationswide. d. isalwaysonestandarddeviationwide. 5. Thedirectoroffoodservicesatalocalcollegetakesasampleof230studentsandfindsthat 60%ofthemarevegetarians. a. Findthemarginoferrorforthissurvey. FinalAnswer:__________ b. Calculateanintervalestimateofthepopulationproportionofstudentsatthiscollege whoarevegetarians. FinalAnswer:______________________________
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6. Anthropologistshave collectedmeasurements onlargenumbersofskulls fromtwopopulations:the InuitEskimopeopleand theNorse.The Anthropologistsrecorded thewidthoftheskulls(in mm)atthewidestpart. Theresultsarepresented inthefollowingboxplots. a. Findthefollowingsummarystatisticsusingtheplots: Norse Min=__________ Q1=__________ Median=__________ Q3=__________ Max=__________ Eskimo Min=__________ Q1=__________ Median=__________ Q3=__________ Max=__________

b. Supposeaskullwasfoundthathadawidthof141mmatthewidestpart.Which populationdoyouthinkthisskullmostlikelybelongsto?Explainyouranswer. 7. Auniversityemployeeinchargeofstudentrecruitmentisinterestedinestimatingthe averagesalaryofpreviousNCSUgraduates.Sheemailsasurveyrequestingcurrentsalary informationto1000membersofthealumniorganizationandreceives658complete responses. a. Whattypeofsamplingmethoddidtheemployeeuse? b. Whattypeofbiascouldaffecttheresultsofhersurvey?Explainwhythisbiascouldbea problem.


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8. Refertothescenariointhepreviousproblem.Supposeanotheremployeepointsoutthat alumnifromdifferentcolleges(e.g.PAMS,CHASS,Education,etc.)wouldlikelyhavevery differenttypesofjobsandverydifferentsalaryranges,sothatitwouldbeimportantto includealumnifromeachofthecollegesinthesurvey. a. Whichsamplingtechniquewouldbebesttoaddressthisconcern? b. Describehowthissamplingtechniquecouldbeused. 9. Astatisticsinstructorwantedtolearnaboutthe studentstakinghislargeintroductoryclass.He administeredasurveytoarandomsampleof30 ofhisstudents.Oneitemonthesurveywas "Rateyouraptitudetosucceedinthisclass"ona scaleof1to10where1=LowestAptitudeand 10=HighestAptitude.Dataforthisitemisshown inthegraphattheright. a. Whatisthestatisticofinterestinthisstudy? b. Describethedistributionofstudentsperceptionsabouttheirsuccessintheclass. c. Ratingshigherthan6representextremeconfidenceaboutsuccessintheclass.About howmanystudentsfeelextremelyconfidentabouttheirsuccess? FinalAnswer:__________
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10. Somepeoplewhohaveagoodearformusiccanidentifythenotestheyhearwhenmusicis played.Onenoteidentificationtestconsistsofamusicteacherchoosingoneofseven possiblenotes(A,B,C,D,E,ForG)atrandomandplayingitonthepiano.Thestudentis standingintheroomfacingawayfromthepianosothathecannotseewhichnoteis played.Thenoteidentificationtesthasthestudentattempttoidentify10notes. a. Supposethisnoteidentificationtestwasgiventoamusicstudentwhocorrectly identified6notesoutofthe10thatwereplayed.Explainhowyoucoulddeterminehow surprisingthisresultisandwhetheritprovidesstrongevidencethatthestudentwasnt justguessingthenotes.(Besuretogiveenoughdetailthatsomeoneelsecouldeasily followyourexplanationinordertoimplementyourproposedanalysisanddrawan appropriateinference(conclusion).) 11. Nowconsideranoteidentificationtestinwhichthemusicteacherplays10noteschosenat randomfrom12possiblenotes(A,A#,B,C,C#,D,D#,E,F,F#,GorG#). a. Ifthestudentcorrectlyidentified6outofthe10notesduringthistest,wouldthisbe moreevidence,lessevidence,orthesamedegreeofevidencethatthestudentwasnt justguessingthenotesasidentifying6outof10notesintheidentificationtest describedinQuestion10?Circlethebestresponse. i. Lessevidence ii. Samedegreeofevidence iii. Moreevidence b. Circlethebestexplanationforyouranswerinthepreviousquestion. i. Becausethenumberofnotesplayedandthenumberofnotescorrectlyidentified werethesameinbothscenarios. ii. Becausemusicstudentsshouldbebetterabletoidentifynotes. iii. Becausetherearemorenotestochoosefrominthistest,andgetting6outof10 correctislesslikelybychancewhentherearemoreoptionstochoosefrom. iv. Because6ismorethan5notescorrectlyidentifiedoutof10notesplayedgivena 50/50chanceofguessingeachnotecorrectly. v. Becauseallanswersarepossiblebutnotprobable. vi. Other(pleaseexplain):

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