Ricebran Oil

Special Commodity Report

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Korea. In Japan. However. Only 1. this highly nutritious product is usually wasted. the by product obtained is de-oiled rice bran. not only for food and nutritional supplements.8 lakh tons is of edible grade and the balance 1. Rice bran is used directly for animal consumption. Taiwan and Thailand as 'Premium Edible Oil'. essential fatty acids and antioxidant nutrients that help fight diseases and promote good health. However. The studies conducted in India & abroad have attributed the cholesterol reducing properties of rice bran oil to the presence of a unique component in this oil known as "Oryzanol".81 lakh tons in 1994-95 .2 lakh tons is of non edible grade. As demand for natural. It also has several industrial uses. production and exports of rice bran oil in Japan have increased in recent years as well because of increased global interest. having potential to produce about 10 lakh tons of ricebran oil per annum. out of which 4. the common practice is to extract oil to produce rice bran oil. The increasing awareness in the world about its beneficial aspects is increasing the rice bran oil production and consumption in the world. healthy ingredients in both food and cosmetics/personal care markets rises. rice bran oil is gaining attention and the market is becoming increasingly competitive. Rice bran oil as a cooking oil is gaining ground.Introduction Rice bran is a by-product of the rice milling industry. when paddy is milled. In the next stage the bran coat is removed and the rice is polished.1 lakh tons in 1984-85. The production of deoiled rice bran in India is around 30 lakh tons a year. After oil extraction. The primary commercial use of the oil is in upscale snack food production and in restaurants because of its stabiliy at high cooking temperatures and pleasant flavor characteristics. The resulting bran is the by-product of the milling process and because of its short lifespan a major portion of it is disposed off without utilizing for human consumption. Oil can be Economic Importance Research conducted worldwide has provided significant evidence that rice bran oil has several characteristics. if not stored well. The rice bran from the unorganized mills is wasted as this product is spoiled fast. Consumption of rice bran oil is growing stronger.6 lakh tons was being processed in 1974-75. The recovery of rice bran oil from rice bran is usually 15%. minerals. Indian Scenario India is the second largest producer of rice in the world next to China. The de-oiled ricebran is primarly used in the manufacture of animal feeds. rice bran is an incredible source of the vitamins. amino acids. The processing of rice bran for producing ricebran oil and deoiled ricebran has been increasing in the country. this product has a low shelf life and can be produced economically and hygienically in modern rice mills. Only 20% of Indian paddy is milled in modern mills. In traditional mills. Rice bran can be produced only in modern rice mills. rice ran oil is the largest-volume domestically produced vegetable oil. Consumption. value-added.4 lakh tons of ricebran oil per annum. packed and graded for use. which makes it healthy oil. China. which is not found in any other edible oil. Currently. the industry is processing about 30 lakh tons of ricebran producing about 4. In the first stage of paddy processing the tough outer hulls are removed to produce brown rice or rice with the bran coats intact. They cannot be collected from unorganized mills and this is the major reason for the production still not reaching the potential. This increased to 14. In Japan. Rice bran oil is used for human consumption. 27. However. but also as a specialty ingredient in the cosmetics/personal care market. Rice Bran Oil is more popularly known as 'Heart Oil'. Global Scenario Rice Bran Oil is extensively used in Japan. Typically rice bran accounts for 7 –8 % of the rice produced.

The corresponding graph. India produced 3. now the production of industrial (inedible) ricebran oil is falling over the years. Production India is the second largest producer of rice in the World and thus it can be the second largest producer of ricebran oil in the World.94 lakh tons of inedible ricebran oil. However. The total production was thus 4. depicts the trends in processing of ricebran in India.39 lakh tons of ricebran oil. The increase in production has been due to the increasing production of ricebran and its processing. During the initial years of processing of ricebran in India only inedible oil was produced in the country. In 2002-03.61 lakh tons in 2002-03. . The production of ricebran oil in India has been increasing over the years as can be seen from the corresponding graph. The production of deoiled rice bran has also been increasing at the same pace at which the processing of ricebran has been increasing in the country. The corresponding graph displays the trends in India’s production of de-oiled ricebran.and 29.45 lakh tons of edible ricebran oil and 0.

10 1.40 2.40 135.10 9.00 4.70 120.20 9.00 4. Million tons (7.80 4.00 10.60 10.13 79.00 81.38 84.90 6.30 120.46 82.5% of Rice) Rice Bran Oil Potential.70 6.00 4.10 32.10 80.30 4.20 9.70 1.50 4.60 122.40 121.70 4.00 6.20 53% 2.60 6.80 4.00 32.30 1.50 127.40 4.00 32.30 9.80 1.20 54% 3.70 54% 3.00 33.20 5.10 118. Lakh tons Percentage of Exploitation 200001 199900 199899 199798 199697 199596 199495 199394 136.00 31.70 6.00 4.50 4.20 5. Lakh tons RBO Production Edible: Lakh tons Non-Edible: Lakh tons Total: Lakh tons Untapped Potential Rice Bran Oil. Lakh tons (15% Recovery) Actual Rice Bran Processing.07 30.70 1.10 9.00 33.80 4.10 1.60 51% .70 4.50 6.50 1.20 50% 3.50 91.70 9.19 81.50 5.Rice Bran Oil Potential & Actual Exploitation (1993-94 to 2001-02) 200102 Paddy Production Million tons Rice Production Million tons Total Rice Bran Potential.50 52% 2.37 89.80 6.00 33.30 6.00 9.80 50% 3.10 6.50 1.73 86.30 4.30 53% 3.80 4.80 119.30 5.30 52% 3.00 36.

13.Production of Refined Rice Bran Oil (1995-96 to 2001-02) Year 2001-02 2000-01 1999-00 1998-99 1997-98 1996-97 1995-96 Production 1. The corresponding graph depicts. India used to export almost the entire production of deoiled ricebran.75. the quantity imported is still very low.50.000 1.591 97.269 Imports and Exports India’s imports of ricebran oil have been increasing over the years.558 84. The exports are even lesser. Still. the trend of exports too. when this product was new to the country.921 1. However.000 1. .35. is in a positive direction. the trends in production. India’s import of ricebran oil in 2002-03 was 4055 tons. The quantity of imports and exports. However. is however too minimal now and are not significant enough to influence prices. However. now the exports have dwindled down as a consequence of the increased domestic consumption of the commodity.000 1. domestic consumption and exports of deoiled ricebran from India.23.

04 1.8 1.83318 1994-95 27.35 1991-82 25.865 1980-81 9.7 0.3 .7 0.26 (in lakh tons) Total 0.1 1985-86 14.36 0.284 1987-88 19.8 0.0245 1.65767 1999-'00 27.Annexure Table 1 Ricebran Processed in India (lakh tons) Year Ricebran Processed 1974-75 1.534 1992-93 27.9 1983-84 13 1984-85 14.80677 1995-96 29.22 1981-82 10.73588 1996-97 28.23 0.85051 2002-03 29.404 1990-91 25.66 1978-79 6.4 1977-78 5.23 0.104 0.727 1986-87 17.025 0.6 1982-83 10.405 1988-89 20.47412 1998-99 29.6 1975-76 2.985 0.01 1.65 1976-77 5.79302 1997-98 28.61409 Source: Solvent Extractor’s Association of India Table 2 India’s Ricebran Oil Production Edible 1974-75 1975-76 1976-77 1977-78 1978-79 1979-80 1980-81 Industrial 0.53404 1993-94 27.925 1989-90 23.36 0.8 1979-80 7.59635 2000-01 26.94482 2001-02 27.1285 1.

1805 2.4 1.12 12.Estimated production Source: Solvent Extractor’s Association of India Table 3 India’s Deoiled Ricebran Production.896 16.179 1986-87 0.83 1984-85 0.81 1.498 12.30917 1.22 3.965 10.26 1.461 16.38 5.133 9 3.6955 1991-82 1. Exports and Domestic Consumption (in lakh tons) Production Dom.4745 13.5235 1987-88 1.65689 1.9645 19.12905 2001-02 3.1981-82 0.20965 1998-99 3.35 1.09489 2000-01 3.09 5.74 1.5565 21.63 4.587 16.287 7.23 1.792 9.10414 4.25287 4.91139 1993-94 2.9765 14.192 1.2465 1.25 6.00153 4.93 6.03 4.35 2.30934 1999-'00 2.1 4.977 1.01 3.65 0.3285 1.002 1985-86 0.14 4.2834 1996-97 2.6645 1992-93 2.205 11.65 5.5275 17.02 4.05647 1.93548 4.45883 1.84612 3.8505 2.59 2.0015 1989-90 1.5342 3.6875 3.38311 *.1 1.55456 4.44763 0.755 3.086 3.23131 1.84073 1.61 10.5 3.59938 1.3 0.3595 1988-89 1.75 3.2 5.5 1982-83 0.265 1.8 2.04454 1974-75 1975-76 1976-77 1977-78 1978-79 1979-80 1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 1991-82 1992-93 .07089 4.25 5.3455 21.6 1.81 2.23284 2002-03 3.525 1983-84 0.068 3.9 4.05816 1.99075 1.6355 13.66 1.75 5.6275 2.9 4.68402 4.199 23.06527 1.95 5.49725 1990-91 1.41125 2.46 6.76539 4.02 2.179 3.37 0.99303 1995-96 2.25552 19.21145 1997-98 2.25 5.9335 1.97 3. Consumption Exports 1.36892 4.97 9 2.07456 1994-95 2.

5 1997-98 3.61032 25.44 22.64589 23.00 0.Estimated production Source: Solvent Extractor’s Association of India Table 4 India’s Ricebran Oil Imports and Exports (in tons) Year Imports Exports 2.439 24.69 2000-01 0 47.95 21.347.44 105 2002-03 4055.23658 24.922.74862 0.08265 21.02398 2.12 24.43 4.3 21.00337 *.56 20.80 0 1998-99 1.95212 0.56 21.871.88 22.15 23.36079 3.83 Source: Ministry of Commerce. of India .97524 3.49 19.42171 25.0466 0.1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-'00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 23.5455 23.5 1999-'00 2.19 2001-02 5617.0014 0 0.34622 22.00287 0.767. Govt.74 0.19481 23.09348 25.

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