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# 1.

## 2 + 1 + 4 sin 2 5 x 4 sin 4 5 x 2 2 2 sin 2 x + cos 2 x + tan 5 x

2. A plane equilateral triangular track of land has a length of one of its sides equal to 3,600 m long. It is required to divide the lot into 3 equal shares by 2 lines parallel to one of the 3 sides as shown. Calculate the 2 dividing line, x and y that divide the land into 3 equal parts. 3. Given the radius of the sphere r = 45 cm, calculate the surface area of 90 spherical lune. Express your final answer in terms of . 4. If a 60 spherical wedge has a volume of 3,888 cubic centimeters, calculate the diameter of the spherical wedge. 5. The largest spherical segment that can be obtained in a certain sphere is known as ___________________. 6. A ___________________ is a solid whose base is spherical polygon whose vertex is the center of the sphere. 7. BD is a line that connects the vertex of the right angle B and a point along AC in such a way that BD is perpendicular to AC. If line AD = 16 cm and line CD = 25 cm, calculate the line BD.

8. TRUE or FALSE: Oblate ellipsoid is formed by rotating an ellipse on its major axis. 9. Calculate the locus of the points P1 (1, 2) and P2 (-2, 6) providing that the set of points P (x, y) is equidistant to the two aforementioned points. 10. Convert from rectangular form (x, y) to a polar form (r, ), that is x & y are the abscissa and the ordinate of the rectangular system respectively while r & are the radial distance and its angle from the positive x axis given the equation 2x 3y = 6. 11. Evaluate
3 +2 x 3 + x lim x 0 x

12.

## Evaluate the instantaneous rate of y with respect to x when

y = x 3 x 2 + x 11x
13. The sides of the square are increasing its length with respect to time at a rate of 4 cm per seconds. Solve for the instantaneous rate of area with respect to time in cm per second when side s = 16 cm. 14. Calculate the volume of a solid formed from drilling a 3 m radius hole on a 5 m in radius sphere as shown in the figure. Note: The spherical segment is included.

15.

Evaluate
5

( x

+18 x ) 4 dx
+

L{ f (t )} = st 16. We know that a Laplace Transforms is denoted mathematics as e f (t )dt 0 thus L{ f (t )} = L{s} f ( t ) = 4t n L{s} = 315
When , find the value of n when where s = 2

17. Obtain the particular solution satisfying the initial condition indicated when x = 0, y = 0 dy = x exp( y x 2 ) dx 18. Given the beam and its specifications shown, what is the probability that the beam will deflect L/500 (expressed in millimeters) at any point. Expressed your final answer in percentage.

19. Ten concrete cylinders are subjected to compression test in a UTM in order to check if the concrete mixed has reached its full strength. The probability that the engineer will get the desired strength is 0.48. What is the probability that the engineer will get at least 7 of the cylinders pass the test that is reaching its full strength? 20. A man weighs a fish with a spring scale attached to the ceiling of an elevator. While the elevator is at rest, he measures a weight of 40.0 N. What weight does the spring scale read if the elevator accelerates upward at 2.00 m/s2? Assume gravitational acceleration g = 9.80 m/s2. 21. An 8.00 g bullet is fired into a 250g block that is initially at rest at the edge of a smooth table of height 1.00 m. The bullet remains in the block and after the impact the block lands 2.00 m from the bottom of the table. Determine the initial speed of the bullet. 22. Disregarding the sign convention, the following is/are true about a 9% grade line: I. II. III. IV. A. B. C. D. E. F. It is 0.09 radians from the horizontal ground. It is at least 6 grads from the horizontal ground. It is roughly 509 from the horizontal ground. It is exactly the ratio of 9 feet rise to a 100 ft run I, II, III only II, III, IV only I, II, IV only I, III, IV only I and IV only All of the above

23. Given the length and south and north azimuths, respectively, find the area of the lot ABC. LINE AB AC AZIMUTH 230 15 151 14 LENGTH 150 m 100 m

24. A line is recorded as 472.90 m long. It is measured with a 0.65 kg tape which is 30.005 m long at 20C under a 50 N pull supported at both ends. During the measurement, the temperature is 5C and the tape is suspended under a 75 N pull. The tape has a modulus of elasticity of 200 GPa, a cross sectional area of 3 mm2, and a coefficient of linear expansion of 11.6 x 10-6. Compute for the actual length of the tape during the measurement.

25. The stationing of a vertical point of curvature (VPC) of the parabolic curve is 7 + 006.00. The curve is an intersection of a +3.00 percent grade line and -2.70 percent grade line. If the stationing of the curves highest point is at 8 + 033.00, what is the length of the curve from the vertical point of curvature (VPC) and vertical point of tangency (VPT)?

26. If the external distance of a simple curve is 9.67 m, what is its radius when its central angle is 52?

## Design and Construction

1. Using the minimum requirements of National Structural Code of the Philippines (NSCP) 2001 on reinforced concrete members in the concrete cover and clear spacing between reinforcements, what is minimum width b of the beam section shown? 5 bundled main reinforcements are used where each bundle has 2 20mm rebars.

2. The following is/are considered as loss/es in prestress concrete based on Section 5.18.6.1 of the National Structural Code of the Philippines 2001: I. II. When the jacks are released and the prestress forces transferred to the end anchorage system, a little slippage of the tendon occurs. When tendons are cut for a pretensioned member, the prestress force is transferred to the concrete, with the result that the concrete is put in compression and shortens. The gradual deformation of concrete under stress causes a reduction of the length of tendon. Concrete shrinks during setting and hardening. a) I, II, and III only b) I , II, and IV only c) II , III and IV only d) I and IV only e) All of the above f) None of the above 3. In structural steel design, some structural steel contains nitrogen. In order to reduce the latter, the steel has to undergo deoxidation. This process highly prevents gas bubbles. What do you call this deoxidized steel? 4. Based on the NSCP/AISC provisions, what is the recommended design value of slenderness ratio for a compressive member whose one end is fixed while the other is hinged? 5. A timber beam with an unsupported length of 5 m carries a uniform load w (in kN/m) shown. The beam cross section is 150 mm wide and 300 mm deep. The beam is 80% stress grade Yakal having the following properties:

III. IV.

Bending and tension parallel to the grain = 24.5 MPa Modulus of Elasticity in Bending = 9.78 x 103 MPa Compression Parallel to the Grain = 6.27 MPa Compression Perpendicular to the Grain = 2.49 MPa Shear Parallel to Grain = 2.49 Mpa

6. In asphalts physical properties, what do you call the least temperature at which the asphalt will ignite? 7. In buildings, some uses terracotta to provide fireproofing and longevity. What is the colloquial term (i.e. known Filipino term) for terracotta? ENVIRONMENTAL 1. Given a four-story building of heavy timber type building (where C = 0.9) of 715m2 of ground area, calculate the water fire requirement using the Insurance Services Office Guide for SI unit. 2. A rock trapezoidal channel has bottom width 1.5 meters, water depth 0.9 meter, side slope of 2 vertical is to 1 horizontal and Manning friction factor, n = 0.044. The channel bottom has 0.16% grade. Two equal-size concrete pipes will carry the flow downstream whose n= 0.013. Determine the size of pipes for the same grade and velocity. 3. It is a sewer appurtenance that provides an access to the sewer for maintenance operations and also serves as ventilation, multiple pipe intersection and pressure relief. 4. These are devices that chop up wastewater solids such as rags, paper, plastic and other materials by revolving cutting bars. 5. _______________ is the extracted waste stream with the contaminants removed.

6. These are the animal and vegetable wastes resulting from handling, preparation, cooking and serving of food.

WATER AND GEO 1. Given a differential manometer, calculate the pressure difference Pdiff in kPa.

2. Determine the volumetric flux that runs on the 10 3 m in diameter culvert as shown in the figure.

3. An underground storage tank has discharged diesel fuel into the groundwater. A drinking water well is located 300 m down the gradient from the fuel spill. To ensure the safety of the drinking water supply, a monitoring well is drilled halfway between the existing water well and fuel spill. The difference in hydraulic head between the water well and the monitoring well is 50 cm (with the head in monitoring well higher). If the porosity is 48% and the hydraulic conductivity is 36 m/day, how long will it take for the fuel to contaminate the water well? Assume the pollutants move at the same speed as to groundwater. 4. The concept of hydraulic jumps was derived from what law/theorem? a) Law of Conservation of Momentum b) Impulse-Momentum Theorem c) Law of Conservation of Energy d) Work-Energy Theorem

5. Calculate the total head loss given a pipe system shown. Assume that the friction factor f = 0.02 in all pipes and gravitational acceleration g = 32.2 ft/s2. Note: the minor losses are not neglected.

6. A clay sample has unit weight of 21.1kN/m3 at moisture of 9.8%. When completely saturated with water, its unit weight is 22.58 kN/m3. Determine the porosity of the soil expressed in percentage. 7. A soil sample 10 cm in diameter is placed in a 1 m long. A constant supply of water is allowed to flow into one end of the soil at A and the outflow at B is collected by a beaker as shown. The average amount of water collected is 1 cm3 for every 10 seconds. The tube is inclined as shown. (A) determine the seepage velocity, vn (velocity through void spaces) in cm/s (B) determine the coefficient of hydraulic conductivity of soil, k expressed in scientific notation of four significant figures in cm/s

8. A trapezoidal combined footing is shown. The base of the footing is 1.20 m below the ground and the allowable soil bearing pressure at that point is 250 kPa. Determine the value of base a and b given that the length of the footing is 4.50 m.

9. A footing 6 m square carries a total load, including its own weight, of 10,000 kN. The base of the footing is at depth of 3 m below the ground surface. The soil strata at the site consist of a layer of stiff saturated clay 27.5 m thick overlying dense sand. The average bulk density of the clay is 1,920 kg/m3 and its average shear strength determined from undrained triaxial test is 130 kN/m2 and = 0. Given is qu =1. capacity f N +0.40 footings: Terzaghis ultimate bearing3cN c +D forqsquareBN Calculate the factor of safety of the foundation against complete shear failure under the undrained condition (both gross and net), FSGross and FSNet. Side cohesion on the foundation may be neglected. Assume gravitational acceleration g = 9.81m/s2. Use the Nc = 5.7, Nq = 1.0, N = 0.