[Read links about Chinese culture] [Go to main index] [Go to linguistic index] [Contact the author] [B ack to the introduction] [Tillbaka till introduktionen] © 2003 ± 2009 Patrick Hassel Zein This page was last updated 12.05.2009 The most common Chinese characters in order of frequency If you wonder why there are less than 3000 characters in the list, or have other questions, please read the introduction! y y All characters are presented in falling statistical order with the most commonly used characters first. Alternative forms of the characters are specified within parentheses ± in which case "F" marks full (or traditional) forms, "S" marks simplified (or modern) forms and "A" marks alternative forms (mostly special numerals). y y y y y Pronunciations are specified according to Pinyin and written within brackets "[...]". After each given pronunciation, a number of possible translations are listed. If a character corresponds closely to a somewhat longer word (usually a word that contains the character in question), the longer word is given in the list of translations marked with parentheses and a "=". After the translation of each character, example words containing the character are often listed ± these words are separated by semi commas. No guarantee is given that all the most common words are listed or that the given examples are very common. Some of the listed pronunciations are less used than others, and in those cases translations and examples may lack. Grammatical particles, classifiers and other special translations are marked with hooks "<...>". Curly brackets "{...}" are mostly used when giving references to characters that are similar to the listed ones either in shape. This y y is to help you avoid miswriting/misreading. The same marking is also used for references to characters with similar meaning but different pronunciation. Additional information of other sorts is sometimes given. If the characters are not displayed correctly, verify that the encoding is set to GB2312. Character Pronunciations and explanations [de] ; w de my; g ode high, tall; shìde that's it, that's right; ... shì...de one who...; . T shì shu Hàny de. He is one who speaks Chinese. [dì] mùdì goal [dí] true, real; díquè certainly [y ] one, a little; dì-y first, primary; kàny kàn have a (quick) look at [yí] (used before tone #4); yí gè rén one person; yídìng certain; yíyàng same; yíyuè January [yì] (used before tones #2 and #3); yìdi nr a little; yìxi some {Compare with (F ) y o, which also means "one"} [shì] to be, ? shìbushì? is (it) or is (it) not?; whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not? [bù] not [bú] (used before tone #4); bú shì isn't shìf u Seq.num. 1 2 (A ) 3 4 5 [le] ; ! N láile! You have come! ! W lèile! I've gotten tired! ! Nà h ole! That's OK (now)! . W zh q ngle yí wèi kèren. I invited only one guest. [li o] end, finish, settle, dispose of, know clearly, to be able, (= li oji ) understand, comprehend; li olia clearly understand, settle (a debt/etc.), to be intelligent; li ole to be over/ended/finnish/settled; ! N mài bùli o! You will not be able to sell (it)! [liào] (= liaò) to survey/watch {Compare with z child} [rén] person; rénlèi humankind; ? y u rén ma? Is 6 there anybody here? {Compare with rù enter} 7 8 [w ] I, me, my; {Compare with [zài] at; w men we, us zh o seek} cúnzài exist ? xiànzài now; 9 [y u] have, there is; méiy u haven't, there isn't; Y uméiy u? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)?; y ude some [yòu] (= yòu) again, both... and... [t ] he, him, his, (she, her, it, its), (= qít ) other [tu ] (in classical texts) someone else, something else (F ) [zhè] this; zhèr here [zhèi] this (before classifier) [zh ng] middle, in; [zhòng] hit (a target) Zh ngguó China 10 11 12 13 [dà] big; ? du dà? how large?; dàxi o size; dàji everybody [dài] dàifu doctor {Compare with tài very and mù tree} (F ) [lái] come; yuánlái originally, as a matter of fact; láinián coming/next year(s) [lai] (when used as a verb complement); q lai get up [shàng] above, on, over, top, (go) up, last, previous [sh ng] sh ngsh ng 3rd tone in Mandarin [shang] (when used as a verb complement) {Compare with xià under} (F ) [guó] (= guóji ) country, state, nation, ; Zh ngguó China; Ô M iguó USA [gè] ; gèrén gèrénzhùyè personal homepage ) personal; [g ] zìg oneself [dào] to, towards, until, arrive, reach [shu ] explain, scold, refer to, (= shu huà) speak, say; 14 15 16 17 18 (F , 19 (F ) yóushu persuade [shuì] try to persuade; yóushuì lobbying 20 (F ) [men] ; w men we; rénmen people, persons [wèi] for, for the sake of, in order to, in this connection [wéi] do, act, act as, be, become; rènwéi think or believe 21 (F ) that...; y wéi think or believe erroneously that... bàn do} érzi son {Compare with 22 [z ] child, son; z n sons and daughters; [zi] (noun suffix); zhu zi table {Compare with le } 23 [hé] together, with, (F ) harmony, gentle, mild, kind, ; hépíng peace [Hé] Japan [huo] nu nhuo nice and warm [hè] join in singing, compose a poem in reply [huó] mix with water [huò] mix, blend [hú] complete a set in Mahjong [n ] (Alternative feminine form: you (plural) n ) you, your; n men 24 25 [dì] earth, ground, soil, place, position, distance; dìzh the Twelve Terrestrial Branches [de] , ~ly; kuàide z u walk quickly [ch ] go out, come out, in direction out from something, emit, issue, prouce; ch xiàn appear, emerge, (F ) [dào] way, path, channel, way, say, a streak (of light), doctrine, , (= Dàojiào) Taoism; zh dao know [d o] (= d o) lead; = l ngd o leader [y ] also, as well; (F ) y x perhaps shíji n, = shíhou) time, 26 27 28 29 [shí] period, season, (= (= xi oshí) hour 30 [nián] year, ; j nnián this year; míngnián next year; qùnián last year; zh ngnián middle age 31 [de] ; 32 [jiù] just, simply, right away; jiùyào about to (do something); ! Zhè jiùshì w ! This is simply me!; . T jiùyào qù. He is about to leave. [nà] that [nèi] that (before classifier) [nuó] chánnuó deep meditation [nuò] wúnuò helpless, unfortunately [n ] (= n ) what? [n i] (= n i before classifier) which? [yào] want, will, shall, need, important, essential; main, fundamental [y o] y oqiú demand [xià] below, under, (go) down, next (as opposed to previous/last) {Compare with shàng above} [y ] use, take, according to, because of, in order to; k y OK, may; su y so, therefore, as a result; y wài beyond, except [sh ng] give birth, life; (F ) xi nsheng mister, gentleman, Sir zh yào 33 34 35 36 37 38 [huì] can, able, meet, meeting, society, union, party [kuài] kuàijì accounting [hu ] huìr moment [zì] from, since, (= zìj ) self; zìrán nature {Compare with mù eye and bái white} 39 40 (F ) [zhe] [zháo] touch [zhuó] wear clothes, dress, touch [zh o] put in, add, (F ) make move in chess, trick, decieve [qù] go, leave, depart (opposite of [zh ] , it (in classical texts) [guò] pass, cross, go by, exceed, ; guò m lù cross the street; gone to China twice. 44 . w qùguo Zh ngguó li ng cì. I have [ji ] home, house, family; guóji nation; dàji everybody [jie] zh ngti njie all day long; ji l (at) home, (in the) family (F ) [xué] study, learn; xuéxiào school; student {Compare with zì written character} xuésheng 45 46 (F ) [duì] correct, answer, treat, agree, mutual, pair; duìbuq excuse me [k ] ~able, (= k y ) may, can, (= k shì) but, however; k 'ài loveable, cute; k 'néng possible, probable, maybe; k k uk lè Coca Cola [kè] kèhán khan [t ] she, her [l ] neighbourhood, half kilometer, , (F inside, lining; ? n li? where?; nàli there; here [hòu] queen, (F ) after, behind, ; the day after tomorrow [xi o] small; dàxi o size , ) in, zhèli hòuti n 47 48 49 50 51 52 [me/mo] (F , ) (interrogative suffix) ? shénme? what?; ? wèishénme? why? ! méi shénme! It doesn't matter!, Never mind!; ? z nme? how? [y o] (S ) youngest, one (e.g. in bus/house/phone numbers) [x n] heart; mentality; xi ox n be careful; zh ngx n center x nl psychology, 53 54 [du ] many, much, more; du sh o how many/much? du dà how large?; 55 [ti n] sky, heaven, god, day, (= ti nk ng) sky; ti nqì weather { ti ng n the Ten Heavenly Stems: ji -y -b ng-d ng-wù-j -g ng-x n-rén-gu (these characters are sometimes used as ordinal numbers} {Compare with f man and wú without} 56 57 [ér] (= érqi ) and, furthermore, (= rán'ér) yet, even so [néng] can, be able; k 'néng maybe nénggòu be capable of; 58 59 60 [h o] good, good to..., easy to...; ! N h o! Hello! [hào] to like [h o] h oh or in perfectly good condition [d u] all [d ] (= sh ud ) capital city [rán] right, correct, so, like that; su rán although; h rán suddenly; d ngrán of course; zìrán nature (F ) [méi] (= méiy u) haven't, there isn't; ? Y uméiy u? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)? [mò] sink, overflow, disappear, confiscate [rì] sun, (= rìzi) day; {Compare with yu say, rìjì diary; mù eye and rìgu ng sunlight g n sweet} 61 62 63 64 65 (F ) [yú] , (F ) in, at, for, to, from, by, than {Compare with qi n thousand and g n stem} [q ] rise, start; q lai get up; duìbuq excuse me [qi] (when used as a verb complement) [hái] still, yet [huán] return, give back [f ] (F ) deliver, utter, express, shoot, emit, develop, expand [fà] (F ) hair [fa] (F ) tóufa hair [chéng] (= chéngwéi, = biànchéng) become, ; chéngg ng succeed; wánchéng accomplish, complete, fulfill; chéngy idiom [shì] matter, affair, thing, event, accident, job, responsibility; shìqing situation [zh ] only, just, merely, ; yì zh m o a cat [zh ] (F ) single, one, only {Compare with xi ng brother} [zuò] do, make; g ngzuò work; zuòyè homework [zuó] zuójian spoil, waste, humiliate, insult 66 67 68 69 (F ) 70 [zu ] do 71 72 73 74 75 [d ng] (F ) serve as, (F ) ding-dong [dàng] (F ) proper, right, equal, (= dàngzuò) treat as, regard as [xi ng] think, feel, consider, want, remember [kàn] see, look at, read, think, consider [k n] look after, tend; k nsh u guard [wén] language, literature, ; wénhuà culture; Zh ngwén Chinese (written) language (F ) [wú] without, nothingness, have not [mó] nánmó to give oneself totally to {Compare with ti n heaven} [k i] open; k ish begin d k i open, unfold [kai] (when used as a verb complement) {Compare with bìng combine} [sh u] hand, a person skilled in something; hu sh u wave; p ish u clap; wòsh u shake/clasp hands {Compare with máo hair} (A ) [shí] ten; October shís n thirteen; w shí fifty; shíyuè 76 (F ) 77 78 79 [yòng] use; h oyòng useful; need; sh yòng use, apply {Compare with shu i swing} búyòng there's no 80 [zh ] lord, master, host, god, (= zh yào) main, primary; zh yì doctrine, ~ism; zhùyè homepage {Compare with wáng king} [xíng] go, OK; about, act [háng] line; xíngdòng action, operation, move, get yínháng bank; hángyè profession 81 [hàng] shùhàngzi rows of trees [héng] (phonetic radical) 82 83 [f ng] side, square; dìfang place; {Compare with wàn ten thousand} [yòu] again, both... and... f ngmiàn aspect 84 85 86 [rú] like, as, as if, (= rúgu ) if; rúc like this the day before su y u all; [qián] in front, previous, ago, former, first; yesterday [su ] place; cèsu toilet su y so, therefore; 87 [b n] basis, origin, edition, ; b nrén I, me, myself; Rìb n Japan {Compare with mù tree} [jiàn] appear to be, meet with, call on, (= kànjian) see; yìjian idea, view, opinion; t ngjiàn hear [xiàn] show, appear, become visible {Compare with bèi shellfish} [j ng] longitude (both geographic and in Chinese medecin), scripture, constant, regular, , deal with, (= 88 (F ) 89 (F ) j ngjì) manage (a business); pass, go through; by way of; Changes; y jing already; j ngguò j ngyóu via, j ngyàn experience; j ngcháng frequent, daily; Yìj ng Book of 90 (F ) [tóu] head, top, first, ; tóufa hair [tou] shítou stone [miàn] face, surface, , (F ) wheat flour, (= miàntiáo) noodle; miànb o bread [g ng] public, official; g ngl kilometer; bàngg ngshì office; g ngs company; g nggòng public, communal, common; g nggòngqìch (public) bus; L g ng (honorable and old) Mr Li [tóng] same, with; tóngzhì comrade [tòng] (F ) hútòng lane 91 92 93 94 95 96 (A ) [s n] three; March dì-s n shìjiè 3rd World; s nyuè [y ] stop, cease, end, (= y j ng) already {Compare with j self, which is "open" on the left side} [l o] old, venerable, outdated; l osh teacher; l oh tiger; 97 98 99 100 (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) l o Zh ng old Zhang = dear (friend) Mr Zhang [cóng] from, through, join, follower, secondary [c ng] h ic ngc ng murky [dòng] move, change, arouce; huódòng activity; dòngwù animal; yùndòng sports [li ng] two (before classifier), 50 grams [cháng] long, lasting, length [zh ng] grow up, chief, head, older, elder [zh ] realize, sense, inform, tell, (= zh dao) know; zh shi knowledge [zhì] (= zhì) wit, (= zhìhuì) wisdom, (= zhìlì) intellect [mín] (= rénmín) people, ; democracy m nzh zhèyàng like 101 102 103 (F ) [yàng] appearance, shape, form, manner; this; z nmeyàng how? in what way? xiànzài now; 104 (F ) [xiàn] show, appear, current; discover; xiàndài modern [f n] divide, fraction, minute, cent; 5/100 = 5% [fèn] limits of rights or duty f xiàn b if nzh w = 105 106 (F ) [ji ng] shall; ji nglái future [jiàng] general, a piece in Chinese chess mahjongg májiàng 107 [wài] outside, outer, other, foreign, beyond, relative on ones mother's/sisters/wife's side; wàis n daugthers son; wàiguórén foreigner; yìwài unexpected {Compare with chù place} [dàn] (= dànshì) but, still, nevertheless, however, yet 108 109 110 [sh n] life, incarnation, , (= sh nt ) body; q nsh n in person, personally [xi ] some, ; yìxi a number of, some; zhèxi rén these people 111 (F ) [y ] give, offer, help, support, and [yù] c nyù participate in [yú] {Compare with xi write} [g o] high, tall, loud, your, ; tíg o improve; g oxìng happy; g ojiàn your opinion/idea [yì] (= yìsi, = yìyì) meaning, idea, (= yìtú intention; yuànyi) wish, desire; Yìdàlì Italy yìjian opinion; jìnbù 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 (F ) [jìn] enter, go forward, recieve, drink, eat, submit; progress [b ] grasp, hold, handle, [bà] bàzi, bàr handle [f ] (= France f l ) law, (= bànf ) method; F guó c dì (= shíjìshang [c ] this; rúc (= zhèyàng) like this; zhèl ) here, at this place (F ) [shí] solid, true, real; actually; shízài really shìshí fact; 119 120 121 [huí] circle, return, reply, turns, times, chapter, Muslim, Hui (ethnic minority), ; huílái come back; huíqù go back; huídá answer (A ) [èr] two; èryuè February gu nl manage; x nl [l ] principle; l lùn theory; psychology, mentality 122 Ô [m i] (=Ô meilì) beautiful, (= h o) good, (=Ô m idé) virtue, ; Ô M iguó USA; Ô m iyuán US$ Ô m iji artist [di n] a drop (of liquid), dot, decimal point, a little, a bit, appoint time, select, choose, order food/drink, , (= di nhu ) light a fire; yìdi nr a little; di ntóu nod one's head 123 (F ) 124 125 [yuè] month, (= yuèliang, = yuèqiú) moon [míng] bright, clear, distinct, next (day or year), ; míngbai clear, understand; míngti n tomorrow [qí] its, that, such, they, them; especially [j ] anniversary (F (F ) ) [zh ng] kind, sort, breed, race [zhòng] to plant, cultivate [sh ng] voice, declaration, (= sh ngy n) sound, ; sh ngmíng reputation, fame, statement, declaration [quán] whole, entire, total, complete, ; wánquán completely; nquán safety [g ng] (= g ngzuò) work, job; g ngrén worker qít other; yóuqí 126 127 128 129 130 131 [j ] (= zìj ) self {Compare with y already, which is "closed" on the left side} (F ) [huà] speech, word, language, dialect, (= shu huà) talk, speak [huo] báihuo = báihuà vernacular, empty talk [ér] child; érzi son; n 'ér daughter [r] (noun suffix); zhèr here; nàr there [rén] (when referring to the radical) {Compare with xi ng brother, j table, yú moment} [zh ] one who...; zuòzh author; hépíngzh yìzh pacifist [xiàng] take somebody's part, to, towards, all along, allways, , (F ) direction, towards, (F ) formerly, previously; xiàngzh formerly, once upon a time [qíng] sensibility, (= àiqíng love g nqíng) feeling, emotion; 132 133 (F ) 134 135 136 137 [bù] (= bùfen) part, section, unit, , (= bùduì) troops, army; x bù western part; quánbù entire [zhèng] right, straight, upright, correct [zh ng] zh ngyuè, x nzh ng the 1st month of lunar 138 year 139 [míng] (= míngzi) name, personal name, reputation, famous, ; zhùmíng famous; míngcí noun [dìng] fix, settle, calm, stable, subscribe, (= decide; yídìng definite [n ] female, (= (F ) n rén, = fùn ) woman juédìng) 140 141 142 143 144 (F ) [wèn] ask, examine; f ngwèn visit wèntí question, problem; [lì] (= nénglì) energy, vitality, , (= lìliang) strength, force [j ] (= aircraft j qi) machine; sh uy nj radio; f ij 145 146 147 (F ) [g i] give, give to, for, for the benefit of; sòngg i send/present to [j ] give, supply, provide, (= g ngj ) provide [d ng] equal, class, wait, and so on, etc. [j ] small table, (F ) j h almost [j ] (F ) how many?, a few, (used in numerals) {Compare with ér child} [h n] very, quite; not bad at all! h nh o very good; ! h n búcuò! 148 149 (F ) [yè] line of business, trade, occupation, profession, course of study, engage in, ; sh ngyè commerce; g ngyè industry; zuòyè homework zuìjìn recently/soon; [zuì] most, marking for superlative; zuì x huan favorite 150 151 (F ) [ji n] room, between, locality, within given time or space, [jiàn] gap, interval [g n] bàn'g nbùgà neither this nor that, inexplicit, equivocal, mediocre [x n] new, renew; chóngx n again; x nwén news 152 153 (F ) [shén] [shí] (= shénme what? shí) ten 154 [d ] strike, hit, get, play, (generalized verb with specific meaning determined by its object); d suan plan, intend; d k i open, unfold; d j strike, hitt, attack, assault [dá] dozen [biàn] (= f ngbiàn) convenient [pián] piányi cheap {Compare with sh send and gèng more} [wèi] place, location, position, [y n] cause, (= y nwèi) because, (= yuány n) reason 155 156 157 158 [zhòng] weight, considerable in amount/value, (= chénzhòng) heavy, weighty, (= zhòngyào) important [chóng] again [bèi] quilt, cover (with), by (indicates passive voice) [p ] p fú = bèifú bedding and clothing, something one hangs on to [z u] go, walk, leave (F (A ) ) [diàn] (= electricity; [sì] four; sh ndiàn) (flash of) lightning, (= diànhuà phone; sìzh u all around; diànqì) 159 160 161 162 163 diànn o computer sìyuè April dì-s n shìjiè 3rd [dì] indicating ordinal number, ~th; World; dì-y cì 1st time 164 (F ) [mén] door, gate, family, house, valve, switch, , ; ménk u doorway; doorbell bùmén department; ménlíng 165 166 [xi ng] each other, mutual, mode, phase, [xiàng] look at, appearance, photo [cì] occurence, time, second, inferior, number of times; li ng cì twice [d ng] master, owner, (= d ngf ng) east; d ngb i northeast; {Compare with d ngxi thing, creature 167 (F ) ch vehicle} 168 169 170 [zhèng] (= zhèngzhì) politics, political affairs, (= zhèngf ) government [h i] sea, big lake, , (= dàh i) sea, ocean h iyáng, = [k u] mouth, opening, entrance, hole, cut, ; ménk u doorway; rénk u population [sh ] make, cause to (do), send (as envoy), (= use, apply {Compare with lì and biàn official} sh yòng) 171 172 [ji o] teach; . Wáng l osh ji o shùxué. Teacher Wang teaches math. [jiào] cause, ask to, teach; jiàosh teacher, instructor; jiàoyù education [x ] west, western; [zài] again, once more; d ngxi thing; x b i northwest 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 (F ) (F ) (F ) zàijiàn goodbye [píng] flat, level, even; shu píng level; hépíng peace; píngcháng ordinary, common, usually {Compare with bàn half} [zh n] true, genuine, really {There are two ways of writing this character!} [t ng] listen; t ngjiàn hear; understand (by listening) [shì] generation, , (= shìjì century [qì] air, gas, vapor, spirit, vital energy; [xìn] letter, message, information, (= xìnf ng envelope [b i] north; d ngb i northeast; t ngbud ng don't shìjiè) world; ti nqi weather xi ngxìn) belive in; B ij ng [sh o] few, little, less, lack [shào] young; shàonián juvenile [gu n] shut, close, turn off, close down, concern, key part; gu nxi connection; gu nyú concerning [bìng] (F ) combine, merge, (F ) and, equally, truly [b ng] Bìng Zh u (Taiyuan in Shanxi) {Compare with k i open} 185 186 (F ) [nèi] inside; {Compare with nèiróng content ròu meat and b ng third} c nji [ji ] add, plus, append, (= join z ngji ) increase; 187 [huà] convert, melt, dissolve, digest, incinerate, (= biànhuà) change, transform [hu ] (= hu ) spend [yóu] from, let, (= yóuyú) due to, (= l yóu) cause, reason; zìyóu freedom {Compare with ji helmet and sh n explain} (F ) [què] however, but, yet [dài] (= dàibi o) represent, (= shídài) generation, 188 189 190 period, epoch, ; xiàndài modern (times); shàngdài previous generation (F (F ) ) [j n] army, military, troops [ch n] give birth to, (= ch np n) product ch nsh ng) produce, (= sh urù income 191 192 193 [rù] (= jìnrù) enter, get into; {Compare with rén person} 194 [xi n] first, before, earlier; xi nsheng mister, gentleman, Sir; z xi n = xi nbèi ancestor {Compare with sh lose} [sh n] hill, mountain, ; sh nmài mountain range (A ) [w ] five; w yuè May tàiyáng sun, hu sh n volcano; 195 196 197 [tài] great, very, too; tàitai Madame; sunshine {Compare with dà big} 198 [shu ] water, liquid, ; shu píng level; shu gu fruit; yàoshu liquid medecine {Compare with y ng forever} 199 (F ) [wàn] ten thousand, myriad, ; live [Mò] Mòqí {Compare with f ng square} [shì] (= [y n] (= shìch ng) market, (= y njing) eye; wànsuì long 200 201 202 (F ) chéngshì) city, town y njìng glasses [t ] substance, (= sh nt ) body; jùt concrete, specific; t zì style of written Chinese, typface, font [t ] t ji (or t j ) intimate, confidential [bié] separate, other, don't, leave, differentiate, ) [biè] bièniu awkward 203 204 (F (F , ) [chù] place, part, point, department, office [ch ] deal with, get along with somebody {Compare with wài outside} [z ng] general, overall, always, (= z ngt ng president (of a republic) [cái] talent, only then; g ngcái just now z ngshù) sum, total; 205 206 (FR) (FŽ) 207 (F ) [ch ng] field, place where people gather, stage, level open ground, country fair, market, [cháng] [sh ] (= l osh ) teacher; sh fu master sh ji clerk; b rú efor 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 (F (F ) ) [sh ] book, style of calligraphy; túsh gu n library [b ] compare, contrast; example [zhù] live (in a place) b jiào relatively; (F (A ) ) [yuán] member. ~ist, ~er; rényuán personnel [ji ] nine; [xiào] laugh ji yuè September w iyuánhuì committee; 215 [xìng] sex, gender, nature, disposission, ~ness; k néngxìng possibility [t ng] communicate, notify, connect, join, know very well, authority, expert, (= t ngguò) go through, , ; ji ot ng traffic; P t nghù Common Speach = Mandarin [tòng] [mù] eye; mùqián in front of ones eyes, at present; mùdì goal, purpose, aim; mùlù catalogue, list, list of contents {Compare with zì self and rì sun} (F ) [huá] glory, splendor, magnificent, (= [Huà] ; [bào] (= (= Zh nghuá) China Huà Sh n (mountain in Shaanxi) bàozh ) newspaper, lìkè right m mah h 217 218 219 220 (F ) bàogào) report, (= diànbào) telegram jiànlì establish; [lì] stand, erect, vertical; away; lìf ngt cube (F ) 221 [m ] horse; m shàng right away careless, casual {Compare with w crow} [mìng] (= command; sh ngmìng) life, fate, destiny; gémìng revolution 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 (F ) (F ) (F ) mìnglìng [zh ng] spread, sheet of paper, ; j nzh ng tense, nervous [huó] live, alive, living, vivid, save someone's life; sh nghuó life; huódòng activity [nán] difficult [nàn] disaster [shén] spirit, god; essence j ngshén spirit, mind, consciousness, shùxué math [shù] number, number, figure, fate, plan; [sh ] count, enumerate, list [shuò] frequently, repeatedly [jiàn] item, correspondence, document, ; tiáojiàn term, condition 229 230 231 [ n] still, quiet; plan, fix up nquán safe, secure; npái arrange, [bi o] show, list, table, form, meter, (F ) (wrist-)watch [yuán] originally, simple, ; yuánlái original, formerly, as a matter of fact; yuány n cause, reason (F ) [ch ] car, vehicle with wheels, [j ] (a piece in Chinese chess) {Compare with d ng east} [bái] white; míngbai understand, realize, clear, obvious; báiti n daytime; báicài cabbage [bó] L Bó = L Bái {Compare with zì self and b i hundred} (F ) [y ng] promise, answer, respond, , (= y ngg i) should, ought to [yìng] yìngyòng apply [lù] path, way, journey, distance, means, sequence, logic, sort, grade, class, , (= dàolù) road [q ] phase, stage, , (= shíq ) time period; b nq schedule, time table; x ngq week; chángq long term [j ] anniversary [jiào] cry out, call; [s ] die, death [cháng] often, constant, ordinary, ; f icháng extremely [tí] lift, raise, pick up, carry; tíg o improve; tíg ng provide [d ] d fang take precautions or be on guard against [g n] (= [j n] (= g njué) feel, (= j nzi) gold, (= g nqíng) emotion j nsh ) metals in general rènhé any; jiàozuò be called, be known as 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 [hé] what?, where?, how?, ; rúhé how?; j hé geometry [gèng] more, still/even more, furthermore [g ng] replace, transform, night watch; (= g ngg i) change, alter {Compare with lì official and biàn convenient} f nduì) oppose, combat; 245 [f n] turn over, return, revolt, (= f nyìng reflect [b n] b nb n proper, fitting {Compare with y u friend} 246 [hé] close, shut, accord with, conform to, be equal to, together, jointly, , (= jiéhé) combine; hézuò cooperate [g ] decilitre [fàng] put, release, set free, give out, expand, blossom, bloom, lend (money) at interest; ji fàng liberate, emancipate [zuò] do, act, make, produce, write, compose, to have sex; jiàozuò be called, be known as; zuòf method, way of doing {Sometimes replaceable with zuò do} [xì] series, department, faculty, (= xìt ng) system, (F ) (= liánxì) integrate, relate to; gu nxi concern, affect, matter, (Fq) tie, fasten, feel anxious, be concerned [jì] (Fq) tie, bind (F ) [jì] (= jìsuàn) count, calculate, plot, plan, ; t ngjì statistics [huò] (= huòzh ) or, (= huòx ) perhaps, mayby, (= k néng) probably {Compare with = guó country} [s ] g ngs company, corporation; commander s lìng 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 [lì] (= lìyì) interest, benefit, profit, ; lìyòng utilize; shènglì triumph; Yìdàlì Italy [shòu] receive, endure, (= unhappy [gu ng] light, merely; gu ngróng glory ji shòu) accept; yánggu ng sunlight; nánshòu [wáng] king; wángguó kingdom, realm, domain [wàng] (rare) rule {Compare with 257 zh lord and yù jade} jiégu ) result, fùqin father; [gu ] fruit, surely, truly, as expected, (= consequence, outcome; rúgu if [q n] close relative, kiss; mùqin mother; q nzì in person [qìng] qìngjia relatives by marriage 258 (F ) 259 [jiè] (= jièxiàn) boundary, limit; shìjiè world [g ] bù d g have no relation, have nothing to do with [gà] bàn'g nbùgà neither this nor that, inexplicit, equivocal, mediocre [jí] reach, come up to, and, in, on, to; jíshí promptly [j n] now, this; j nti n today y jí as well as; 260 261 262 [j ng] capital city, (= B ij ng) short for Beijing; Nánj ng; D ngj ng Tokyo (or other eastern capital in previous dynasties!) (F ) [wù] affair, business; service, serve rènwu assignment, task; fúwù 263 264 [zhì] work out, (= zhìdù) system, institution, (= kòngzhì) control, dominate, (F ) (= zhìzào) manufacture [ji ] separate, explain, untie, undo, take off, dissolve, solution [Xiè] [jiè] jièsòng send under guard [gè] each, every, different, separately; each has his merits [g ] zìg oneself, by oneself gèy uqi nqi 265 266 267 [rèn] appoint, no matter, serve a position, allow, trust, official post, ; rènwu task; rènhé any [Rén] [zhì] to, until, extremely, most, arrive, reach; shènzhì even (to the point of), so much so that; zhìsh o at least [q ng] (= q ngchu) clear; q ngjié clean 268 269 270 [wù] thing, matter; wùl physics dòngwù animal; zhíwù plant; 271 [tái] you, (F ) platform, , (= Táiw n) short for Taiwan, (F ) desk, table, (F ) táif ng typhoon [t i] Ti nt i (in eastern Zhejiang) [xiàng] appearance, likeness, (= dàxiàng) elephant 272 273 (F ) [jì] (= jìde) remember, (= jìlù) record {Compare with the "open" radical j self and not the close y already} [bi n] on the side of something, margin, limit, , (= pángbi n) side; zhèbi n over here [gòng] share; yígòng in all; gòngch n communist; g nggòng public; gònghé republic 274 275 276 277 (F ) (F (F ) ) [f ng] wind [zhàn] (= zhànzh ng) war 278 [g n] stem; g nshè interfere, intervene, (F ) dry [gàn] (F ) do { ti ng n the Ten Heavenly Stems: ji -y -b ng-d ng-wù-j -g ng-x n-rén-gu (these characters are sometimes used as ordinal numbers} {Compare with qi n thousand and yú at} [ji ] connect, (= zhíji direct [t ] it, its [x ] allow, somewhat, , (= y x ) perhaps; ji shòu) accept; ji zhe catch, next; 279 280 281 (F ) [h ] x du a lot yéh yell in unison, yo-ho-ho B yuè August tèbié) special, particular; tèdi n characteristic 282 283 (A ) [b ] eight; [tè] (= 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 (F ) [jué] perceive [jiào] (= shuìjiào) sleep; [wàng] look, full moon; w jiào siesta, afternoon nap x wàng hope, wish [zhí] straight, directly {Compare with zh n true} [fú] (= [fù] dose fúwù) serve, (= y fu) clothes [máo] hair {Compare with [lín] (= Guangxi) (F ) sh u hand} Guìlín (city in s nlín) forest, ; [tí] topic, problem, inscribe; tímù title [jiàn] construct, establish; [nán] south; [n ] n mó wèntí question, problem; jiànyì suggest x nán southwest Sanskrit to give oneself totally to 293 [dù] degree, extent, unit (kWh, angle, temperature, etc.), ; zhìdù system, institution [duó] c iduó surmise (F ) [t ng] order, unite, (= dominate; xìt ng) system; t ngzhì rule, t ngy together, unify, unite, integrate . li nsè complexion, look, facial 294 295 [sè] (= . yánsè) colour; expression [sh i] colour 296 [zì] written character; Hànzì Chinese character; míngzi name; t zì style of written Chinese, typface, font {Compare qith xué study} (F ) [q ng] please, request, invite; [ji o] join; (F ) [ài] (= ji ot ng traffic; àiqíng) love; q ngqiú ask, request ji ohuàn exchange 297 298 299 àirén spouse, lover 300 301 302 303 (F (F ) ) [ràng] let, allow [rèn] (= rènwéi) consider, (= rènshi) recognize suànle [suàn] (= jìsuàn) count, calculate, compute; forget it, never mind (F ) [lùn] theory [Lún] Lúny The Confucian Analects [b i] hundred [bò] ch obòz ng express/cover everything {Compare with bái white} [ch ] eat [q ] q q (Få) [yì] justice, (= [k ] department; [z n] (= yìyì) meaning; k xué science; zh yì ~ism 304 (F ) 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 (F (F (A ) ) wàik surgery z nme) how? [yuán] first, primary, dollar [shè] club, organized body, (= [shù] skill, (= [zhú] yìshù) art; shèhuì) society jìshù technique zhúji medicinal wine jiéh n marry [jié] tie; jiégu result; [ji ] bear fruit [liù] six; liùyuè June ) {Compare with xìng prosper} , [g ng] achievement; chéngg ng succeed; time (duration), time (when), skill, art, work [zh ] point, (= [s ] (= [si] [s i] zh tou) finger, toe; g ngfu zh jia finger nail s xi ng) thought yìsi meaning yús i richly bearded f icháng unusually, extraordinary, special, [f i] not, non-; very, extremely 318 319 320 321 [liú] to flow, stream; exchange, alternate [m i] every, each; diànliú electric current; m iti n every day q ngnián youth; bùgu n ji oliú to [q ng] nature's colour blue/green/black...; q ngw frog [gu n] tube, (= gu nl ) manage, supervise; no matter, regardless of [f ] man, (= zhàngfu) husband; duration, skill; dàifu doctor [fú] (formal) this/that (person) {Compare with ti n heaven and (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) [lián] connect, including; liánxù continuous [yu n] far [z ] money, expenses; tóuz invest [duì] team, (= g ngfu time, 322 sh lose} 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 liánmáng right away; z b nzh yì capitalism; duìw ) troops bùduì) army, (= [g n] heel, follow, with, and (F ) [dài] belt, zone, carry, bring, take [hu ] flower, spend; [kuài] fast, sharp, (= (F ) hu sh ng peanut kuàilè, = yúkuài) happy [tiáo] twig, strip, item, ; tiáojiàn condition, term [yuàn] courtyard; f yuàn court xuéyuàn college; biànchéng become; g ibiàn alter liánxì integrate, relate, link, get in touch y yuàn hospital; biànhuà (F (F ) ) [biàn] change; variation; [lián] unite, join; with 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) [yán] words; y yán language, speech, word [quán] right, power [w ng] to, toward; w ngw ng often f zh n [zh n] expand, spread out, ; develop, expand, grow; [g i] (= y ngg i) should l ngd o, zh nl n exhibit, show, display [l ng] to lead, collar; b nl ng ability l ngxiù leader; [chuán] pass, pass on; [zhuàn] Confucian classic [jìn] near; fùjìn vicinity; chuánt ng tradition zuìjìn recently, lately, soon [liú] remain, stay, (= b oliú) keep, reserve; liúxé to study abroad; yíliú hand down; j liú arrest [hóng] (= . hóngsè) red; Red [g ng] n g ng needlework [zhì] govern, cure, punish; (F ) D ngf nghóng The East is 344 345 346 347 348 349 (F ) zhèngzhì government juédìng decide, [jué] ji jué solve, resolve, settle; resolve, make up one's mind [zh u] circuit, circumference, cycle, week; zh uwéi vicinity, surroundings, entirely; zh ush n whole vody [b o] (= guarantee (F ) b ohù) protect; b ozhèng ensure, [dá] reach, arrive [d ] [tà] t otà walk casually to and fro [bàn] do; bànf method; wèi for} yùndòng bàng ngshì office {Compare with 350 351 (F (F ) ) [yùn] carry, transport, ( yùnqi) fortune, luck; move, turn around, sports 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 (A ) [w ] military; w qì weapon; w shù martial arts [bàn] half, semi~ {Compare with píng even} [hòu] (= [q ] seven; [bì] (= [chéng] (= Wall shíhou) time, wait, situation q yuè July bìx ) must; búbì needn't chángchéng Great chéngshì) city, wall; [fù] (= fùqin) father; [f ] old man (F fùm parents 359 , [qiáng] strong ) [qi ng] strive [jiàng] juéjiàng stubborn, unbending [bù] step; walk jìnbù progress, improve; sànbù take a 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 (F ) [wán] finished, complete [gé] leather; gémìng revolution; [jí] bìngjí about to die of illness [sh n] deep; in the night sh nkè deep, profound; qùbié difference lìjí) immediately, at once g igé reform sh nyè deep [q ] (= dìq ) area; [ u] [jí] namely, that is, even if, (= [qiú] seek, ask; [p n] (= goods y oqiú demand, request, requirement sh ngp n merchandise, n shì lady, Ms.; ch np n) product; bóshì Ph.D; t earth} 368 [shì] scholar; zhànshì soldier {Compare with (F ) 369 [zhu n] turn, transfer [zhuàn] rotate [zhu i] zhu iwén to flaunt one's speach 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 (F ) (F ) [liàng] amount; [liáng] to measure liàngcí classifier, measure word [k ng] empty, sky [kòng] leave empty, free time [shèn] very; shènzhì even, go so far as to [shén] (= shén) what?; = shénme what? [zhòng] crowd, many; â t ngzhòng audience qúnzhòng the masses; k jì science and [jì] jìshù technology, technique; technology [q ng] light (compare with [chéng] project; zhòng heavy) guòchéng process; g ngchéng engineering chéngdu level, degree, extent [gào] (= gàosu) tell; bàogào report, make known [gù] gùshuò distributing feudal calendar [ji ng] river; landscape [y ] (= (F ) grammar; [yù] tell Cháng Ji ng Yangtze River; Hàny Chinese; ji ngsh n y f y yán) language; chéngy idiom 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 (F ) [y ng] brave, outstanding person, (= Y ngguó England [j ] j ch base, foundation; essential y ngxióng) hero; j b n basic, fundamental, [pài] faction, send; d ngpài political parties [p ] p si passport, identification [m n] full; m nzú satisfied, contented f ngshì way, pattern; [shì] (= xíngshì) form; zhèngshì formal, official [l ] (= l zi) plum, xi xi rest [x ] breath, stop [xi] xi oxi news; 387 388 389 390 (F ) [xi ] write; miáoxi describe, depict [xiè] xi y freehand brushwork, sketch {Compare with y and} [ne] [ní] woolen cloth (F (F ) ) [shí] know; rènshi know, recognize; shíbié tell apart [zhì] (formal) remember, commit to memory, mark, sign [jí] extreme, pole; Tài Jí the Supreme Ultimate (in Chinese cosmology); t ijíquán shadowboxing [lìng] make, cause; mìnglìng command [l ng] ream, [líng] jílíng (= jílíng) wagtail (a symbol of brotherly friendship) 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 (F ) [huáng] (= [dé] virtue; huángsè) yellow dàodé ethics; Déguó Germany [sh u] gather, (= sh udào) recieve, (= sh uhuò) harvest; sh ushi put in order; sh uy nj radio (F (F (F ) ) ) [li n] face [qián] money, copper coin [d ng] (political) party, clique; Gòngch nd ng Communist Party; Guómínd ng Nationalist Party [d o] fall down, topple [dào] invert, (move) backwards, pour, contrary to expectations [dáo] follow up [wèi] have not, did not; wèilái future {Compare with mò end} [chí] hold; ji nchí persist in, insist on; maintain, preserve [q ] take, get, fetch (F ) [shè] set up; plan; jiànshè build, construct; shèjì design, b ochí keep, shèbèi equipment, facilities 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [sh ] (= k ish ) begin, start; sh zh ng all along ch b n publish shu ngf ng both sides j nglì experience, (F ) [b n] printing plate, edition; [shu ng] pair, twin, double; [lì] (F ) lìsh history; rìlì calendar {Compare with lì severe} [yuè] « « the more... the more... [sh ] (= lìsh ) history, ; wàish unofficial history {Compare with lì official and gèng more} [sh ng] discuss, business [qi n] thousand {Compare with [piàn] slice; k piàn card [pi n] film [róng] contain; [yán] grind, (= g n stem and zhàopiàn photo; yú at} piànkè moment; róngyì easy; nèiróng content yánji ) study, research xiàoxiàng) portrait, image [xiàng] resemble, (= [zh o] look for, seek {Compare with w me} [y u] (= péngy u) friend; {Compare with f n turn over} [hái] (= háizi, = y uh o friendship n háir girl xi oháir) child; hu ch zhàn train station [zhàn] stand; [gu ng] wide, extensive [y n] (when referring to the radical) [g i] (= [yì] (= g ibiàn) change; yìlùn) discuss, confer; g igé reform huìyì meeting, conference; jiànyì suggest, propose 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 (F (F ) ) [xíng] (= take shape [w i] [w i] [z o] early; [fáng] (= [y n] (= xíngshì) form, shape; xíngchéng to form, w iyuánhuì committee; w itu entrust x y w iyí to pretend interest and sympathy z ofàn breakfast; fángji n) room, (= sh ngy n) sound; z ochen morning fángzi) building y nyuè music hu chái match; shíjì reality; guójì f uzé or else sh ud capital (of [hu ] fire; hu ch train; hu yàn flame [jì] (= bi njì) boundary; international [zé] (conjunction); [sh u] head; a country) (F ) yuánzé principle; sh uxi n first of all; [d n] alone, single, sheet [chán] chányú chief of the Xiongnu [Shàn] [jù] seize, depend on, (= g njù) according to [j ] jiéj short of money, hard up [d o] lead; l ngd o leader diàny ng movie 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 (F (F ) ) [y ng] shadow, image; [sh ] lose; sh bài be defeated {Compare with xi n first} [ná] hold; over nálái bring; náqù take; nág i hand ¨(F ) [w ng] net; ¨ w ngqiú tennis; ¨ y ntèwáng Internet [xi ng] perfume, fragrant; [sì] similar; sìhu it seems [shì] shìde alike Xi ngg ng Hong Kong 440 441 (F [s ] thus (nowadays used mostly as a phonem in foreign names); f x s Fascist , ) [zhu n] (= zhu nmén) special, (= zhu nji ) expert; zhu nzhèng dictatorship [shí] (= shítou) stone, rock [dàn] unit of grain {Compare with yòu right} [ruò] seem, as if; ji ruò if; ruòg n how much? [r ] b r buddhist widom, prajna [b ng] (= shìb ng) soldier; {Compare with b n guest} [dì] (= [tì] (= ) dìdi) younger brother b nglì military strength 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 (F ) (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) (F ) [shuí] who? [shéi] who? [xiào] (= [jiào] (= xuéxiào) school jiàoduì, jiàozhèng) proofread [dú] read [dòu] pause in reading [zhì] (= yìzhì) will, (= ) bi ozhì) mark; tóngzhì comrade, (F [f i] fly; zázhì magazine f ij airplane [gu n] view, contemplation [guàn] Dàoguàn Daoist temple [zh ng] contend, dispute; dòuzh ng fight, struggle [ji ] zhànzh ng war, warfare; ji jìng after all yánji study, research; [b o] bag, wrap [z ] organize, group; [zào] (= z zh organization, organize, form chuàngzào) create zhìzào) manufacture, (= 457 [luò] fall [là] be missing [lào] làosh i fade (in colour) [lu ] k nglu lu absolutely nothing left, open/spacious and desolate (F (F ) ) [shì] look; [jì] [j ] diànshì television jiùjì help disaster victims 458 459 460 461 462 j ngjì economy; j j multitudinous, numerous, magnificent x hu n like [x ] happiness; (F (F ) ) [lí] (= [su ] (= lík i) leave, from su rán) although 463 [zuò] seat, sit, travel by (car/plane/etc.), put a kettle (or similar) on the fire, ; q ngzuò please have a seat; zuò g ngòng qìch ride a bus [jí] (= (F) (F (F ) ) sh ují) collect; jízh ng centralize bi njí) edit 464 465 466 467 468 [bi n] weave, organize, (= [b o] treasure [tán] talk [f ] zhèngf government 469 [l ] pull, drag, haul [l ] bànl half [lá] slit [là] làlagù mole cricket [h i] (= h isè) black; h i'àn dark 470 471 472 473 (F ) [qi ] for the time being; érqi furthermore [j ] (only used some personal names) [suí] follow; suíbiàn as you like géwài especially [gé] check, pattern, standard; [g ] , chuckel 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) [jìn] (F ) use up [j n] (F ) to max extent; [jiàn] sword; j ngu n even though b ojiàn double-edged sword [ji ng] speak, explain, discuss, stress [bù] cloth, spread [sh ] kill, fight, weaken, reduce, burn (of medicine) [w i] tiny, micro; [pà] (= w ixiào smile k pà horrible fùm parents; zìm hàipà) to fear; [m ] (= m qin) mother; letters of an alpabet [diào] shift, tone [tiáo] adjust [jú] department, situation; [g n] root; (not) at all yóujú post office g nb n essence, foundation, basic, utterly, 485 [céng] (= céngj ng) in the past [z ng] great- (grandmother) [c ng] ic ngr colloquial [zh n] allow, (F ) certainly, precise; bi ozh n standard (F ) [tuán] ball, lump, group; [duàn] section, paragraph; an end), strategy (F ) [zh ng] end; zh ngsh n life-long [lè] enjoy, be glad, pleasure, (= [yuè] (= y nyuè) music to get a scolding zh nbèi prepare; 486 487 488 489 tuánjié unite, rally sh uduàn method, means (to sh zh ng all along; zh ngyú finally; 490 (F ) kuàilè) happy 491 492 493 494 (F ) [qi ] to cut [qiè] correspond to; [jí] grade, level; yíqiè all ji jí (social) class, steps, stairs, rank ) kèq set time [kè] (= kèfú) overcome, gram, (F limit [k i] (= ) scold [j ng] perfect; alcohol j ngshén spirit, essence; ji j ng 495 [n ] what? n r where? [n i] (before classifier) which? [na] (used in orders and exclamations) [Né] (in foreign names) [gu n] official; [shì] (= [ch ng] (F [chòng] (F gu nliáo bureaucrat zh shì point out 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 (F ) (F (F ) bi oshì) show, indicate; ) rinse, rush, (F ) towards ) rush [jìng] finish, (= jìngrán) unexpectedly; exactly, in the end, after all [h ] sìhu it seems; j h almost ji jìng actually, [nán] male, (= [j ] raise; nánrén) man j xíng hold (a meeting); xu nj election; j lì give an example [kè] (= polite kèrén) guest; kègu n objective; kèqi , ) [zhèng] prove; qi nzhèng visa [k ] bitter; [zhào] shine; [zhù] pour, (F gaze [fèi] cost; túsh zhèng library card; tòngk suffering } ji nk arduous; zhàoxiàng photo ) notes; xuéfèi tuition zhùyì pay attention; zhùshì 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 (F (F ) ) (F ) [zú] foot, (= zúgòu) enough; m nzú satisfy g o' rf golf [ r] you; rhòu thereafter; [zh o] beckon, recruit, attract; entertain (guests) â (F ) [qún] crowd, group; â [rè] hot [tu ] push qúnzhòng The Masses [w n] late; w nshang evening; w nfàn dinner [xi ng] sound; y ngxi ng influence yèw n night; [ch ng] weigh, name [chèn] duìchèn symmetric [xìng] g oxìng glad 518 (F ) [x ng] x ngfèn excited {Compare with liù six} [dài] treat, entertain, wait for [d i] (= d i) stay 519 520 521 522 523 524 (F (F ) ) (F (F ) ) [yu ] approximately, arrange, appointment [y o] weigh [yáng] opposite of [g ] (= y n; tàiyáng the sun g ge) older brother [j ng] surprise [ma] [má] what; ? gàn má? What's up? [m ] m f i morphine tiáozh ng adjust; dìzh the 525 526 [zh ng] (= zh nggè) whole; zh ngqí neat [zh ] branch, support; zh chí sustain; Twelve Terrestrial Branches 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) [g ] (= g dài) ancient {Compare with shé tongue} [hàn] Chinese ethnicity; Chinese character; hànyu Chinese; l ohàn old man t rán suddenly hànzi [t ] charge forward, stick out; [hào] name, number, mark [háo] yell [jué] cut off, absolute [xu n] (= xu nzé) choose, select; xu nj election [ba] at end of sentence, indicates suggestion [b ] snap! (F ) [c n] [sh n] [c n] c nji participate rénsh n ginseng c nc uneven, irregular b ok n periodical 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 (F ) (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) (F ) [k n] periodical, publication; publications, the press [yà] inferior, second; [fù] (F ) complex, (F Yàzh u Asia fùzá complicated, hu fù recover, (F ) ) cover [sh ng] wound, injury, injure; [lèi] category, kind, type; chu ngsh ng trauma lèisì similar shèbèi x huan like [bèi] (= zh nbèi) get ready, prepare; equipment [hu n] (= [lìng] other; [g ng] harbor; [shì] power; hu nlè) happy, joyous; lìngwài other, besides Xi ngg ng Hong Kong xíngshì circumstances; z shì posture 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 (F ) (F (F ) ) [kè] carve, quarter hour, moment [x ng] star; [duàn] cut off; hu x ng Mars; x ngq week pànduàn judge búduàn unceasing; [chén] display, explain, stale, (dynasty 557-589) [zh ng] palm of the hand; [nóng] (= agriculture zh ngwò grasp nóngyè w yè midnight; nóngmín) farmer, peasant; bànyè, [yè] (= yèw n) night; yèl at night [b n] sort, kind; yìb n ordinary [pán] happy [b ] b r buddhist wisdom, prajna (F ) [niàn] miss, read aloud; study [jià] (F ) (= [jie] (F ) [jiè] servant (F (F ) ) [n o] (= gu nniàn concept; jiàqian) price niànsh 553 jiàzhí) value, (= 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 n ozi) brain; n odai head; n oké skull; diànn o computer [gu ] gu l regular pattern; chèd thorough; gu dìng regulations dàod after all gùyì on purpose [d ] bottom; [gù] cause, therefore; gùshi story; [sh ng] province, economize, omit [x ng] f nx ng introspection (F (F ) ) [m ] mother, mom; [g ng] firm, (= [jù] sentence m ma mama g ngcái) just (a moment ago) 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 (F ) [xi n] appear; [xi o] disappear; xi nrán obvious xi oxi news; xi omiè perish [y ] (= y fu) clothing [yì] wear (clothing), give (clothing) to others to wear (F ) [lù] land; [liù] six (= continent liù) j qi) machine; w qì weapon quèshí indeed; pòlàn worn out jùt concrete; j rán [qì] utensil, (= (F ) [què] true; zhèngquè correct; míngquè explicit [pò] smash; [jù] pòhuài ruin; g ngjù tool; wánjù toy jùy u possess; [j ] (= j zhù) live, reside; unexpectedly j mín resident; [p ] , comment, criticize, refute; p píng criticize [sòng] see somebody off, deliver, give (F ) [zé] zh ozé marsh, swamp; sèzé colour and lustre; Máo Zéd ng CCP leader and founder of the PRC [j n] tight; [b ng] (= j nzh ng tense; b ngzhù, yàoj n important (F) (F ) b ngmáng) help, gang gu ngxiàn light ray; b ocún preserve diànxiàn (F) [xiàn] line, thread; (electric) wire [cún] (= cúnzài) exist; (F ) [yuàn] wish [qí] marvellous, (= [j ] odd (not even) [hài] harmful; fierce x qí) rare, strange hàichóng destructive insect; lìhai 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 (F ) (F ) (F ) [z ng] (= z ngji , = z ngzh ng) increase s nji oyèyáng cottonwood z liào [yáng] poplar tree; [liào] (= cáiliào) material, expect, anticipate; means, data, material [zh u] prefecture; Gu ngzh u Canton [jié] joint, section, festival, holiday, (= [ji ] knot, link; [zu ] left; jiérì) holiday ji zi gnarl, knot (in wood) zu bi n left side ji zhu ng) pretend Yìj ng Book of Changes [zhu ng] dress up, load, install, (= [yì] (= róngyì) easy, change; 590 [zhù] write, book [zhe] (S ) [zháo] (S ) [zhuó] (S ) [zh o] (S ) [jí] urgent; zháojí anxious; jímáng in a hurry 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 (F ) [ji ] (for a) long time [d ] low; height jiàngd reduce; d jí elementary; wànsuì long life, g od [suì] years old; suìshu age; Your/His Majesty, "Banzai" [x ] (= [ji ] wine; [hé] river; canal x yào) need; píji beer; bìx essential h ji drink wine yùnhé Hénán sh ng Henan Province; [ch ] beginning, first (in order); q ch at first [yóu] (= yóuy ng) swim, (= ch bù preliminary; l yóu) travel 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 (F (F ) ) [yán] severe, stern [ti ] iron; [zú] (= dìti underground, subway mínzú) people, nationality, (= chúle) except zh ngzú) race [chú] get rid of, divide, (= [fèn] portion, share, copy, , college degree [g n] dare; y ngg n brave nonsense (F ) (= húzi) beard (F ) [hú] recklessly; hútòng lane [xuè] blood [xi ] blood [q ] stand on tiptoe, hope for, look forward to; enterprise; [réng] (= [tóu] throw; (F ) q tú attempt; réngrán, = penguin q yè réngjiù) still, yet, as before tóupiào vote x nwén news [wén] smell, hear; [d u] 10 liters; y nd u tobacco/opium pipe; B id ux ng The Big Dipper, The Plow [dòu] (F ) fight (F (F ) ) [jì] shìjì century; [J ] jìniàn memento; jìl discipline 613 614 [ji o] foot; chìji o barefoot; ji ozh toe [jué] (= ji o) role, part, character, actor, actress [yòu] right; yòubi n right side; nearby, more or less {Compare with shí stone} zu yòu around, 615 616 617 (F (F ) ) [s ] s x ng revive; S zh u; S lián USSR [bi o] mark; bi ozh n standard 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 (F ) [fàn] rice, food [yún] say, (F [bìng] sick; ) (= yúncai) cloud máobing malfunction y sh ng doctor; (F ) [y ] (= y xué) medical science; y yuàn hospital [ ] [ ] [dá] (= [d ] l bó Arab mítuógó Amitabha = Buddha preserve us huídá) answer d ying respond, promise t dì) land, (= shì scholar} t r ng) soil kuàngqi [t ] earth, (= {Compare with (F ) [kuàng] moreover qíngkuàng circumstances; [jìng] border, territory; (F ) [ru n] soft; [k o] (= huánjìng environment ru njiàn software k ol ) consider, (= k oshì) exam [niáng] mother, aunt [niang] g niang girl [c n] village, rustic; [d o] knife (F (F ) ) [j ] beat, strike, knock; [j n] (= d j strike, hitt, attack, assault nóngc n countryside, village j nj n) only, barely ji nchá inspect x y n) attract [chá] examine, investigate; [Zh ] [y n] draw, stretch, (= [cháo] towards, dynasty; [zh o] (morning) y nq ) cause, (= Cháoxi n Korea 637 638 639 (F†) (F ) [yù] raise, educate; jiàoyù education [y ] hángy heave-ho, yo-ho [xù] (= jìxù) continue; liánxù continuous [dú] only, alone; dúlì independent 640 (FÌ) [luó] (= luów ng) birdnet; Luóm Rome; luópán compass [lu ] lu suo wordy, troublesome; l lilu lu the sound of boiling/rumbling/etc. [m i] buy [hù] door, household; [hù] (= [h ] drink [hè] shout [péng] péngy u friend {Compare with lì beautiul and [g ng] supply [gòng] confess cè book} chu nghù window hùshi nurse 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 (F (F (F ) ) ) b ohù) guard, protect; (F (F ) ) [zé] duty; [xiàng] (= zérèn responsibility xiàngmù) item [bèi] back [b i] carry on the back [yú] I, me, (F ) left-over, extra; the rest; cosine [x ] sparse, scattered, watery, this; x qí rare, strange; X là Greece (F ) [wèi] defend; sanitary; lièch train; x wàng hope; satellite páiliè arrange [liè] column, line up; (F ) [tú] picture; dìtú map; túsh gu n library 655 656 657 658 659 (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) [shì] room; jiàoshì classroom; bàng ngshì office [luàn] chaotic, disorderly, messy; [Liú] [yé] father; [lóng] dragon; yéye grandpa k nglóng dinosaur wòshì bedroom; hùnluàn chaos 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 (F ) (F ) [zán] (= zánmen) we = you and I [zan] (abbreviation for z ow n) all the time, morning and evening, sooner or later [zh ng] chapter, seal, stamp, medal, badge, rules [xí] mat, seat, banquet; [cuò] (= good; zh xí chairperson búcuò not bad, pretty cuòwù) mistake; ! yìdi nr búcuò! perfectly correct! [xi ng] (elder) brother; xi ngdì brothers {Compare with (F ) ér child and zh only} [àn] (= [chuàng] [chu ng] h i'àn) dark; secretly; gloomy; hint chuàngzào create chu ngsh ng trauma [pái] arrange, row, line [p i] p izìch handcart [ch n] (= spring roll; [x ] (F [chéng] ) (= ch nti n, = ch njì) spring; ch nju n ch nxiàqi d ng the four seasons bìx ) must, (F chéngrèn admit; ) (= húx ) beard jìchéng inherit [àn] desk, (law) case; problem [máng] hurry, busy; dá'àn answer or solution to a help; right away 673 674 675 676 (F ) [h ] shout, exhale; [shù] tree; trunk [tòng] painful; h x breathe; hu nh cheer shùgàn shùlín woods; shùmù trees; tòngk suffering; tòngkuai delighted [chén] to sink; chénzhòng heavy [ch n] h ich nch n pitch-black [a] (used as phrase suffix, indicating obviousness/impatience) [ ] (indicating elation); ! ! ! W yòu yíngle! Ha! I've won again! [á] (indicating doubt or questioning), huh?; ? ? ?? N shu shenme? Huh? What are you saying? [ ] (indicating puzzled surprise) [à] (indicating agreement/approval); , ! ?, h oba! Well, OK! (F (F (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) ) ) [líng] clever, spirit, soul, elf; [zhí] duty; zhíg ng staff; línghuó nimble, easy zhíyè occupation 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 [xi ng] countryside, home town [xì] thin; detailed [sù] [tài] form; [tíng] (= [yìn] (= z xì careful; gàosu tell; xìb o cell; sùsòng lawsuit zhuàngtài state tíngch ch ng parking lot yìnzh ng) seal pen; pencil xiángxì tàidu manner; tíngzh ) stop; yìnshu ) print, (= brush; (F ) [b ] writing implement; [xià] (= xiàti n) summer; four seasons [zhù] (= b ngzhù) help ch nxiàqi d ng the [fú] blessing, good fortune, (= xìngfú) happiness, happy; zhùfú invoke/wish a blessing; Fújiàn {It is common to hang calligraphy of this character up-sidedown on doors, in order to get people to note that fú dàole = "The 'Fu' is up-side-down", which is pronounced just as = "Fortune/happiness has come"} 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [kuài] piece, lump, chunk, (= [l ng] cold; [qiú] ball; [g ] l ngjìng calm zúqiú football (soccer); g niang girl ) dìqiú the Earth yuán) Chinese dollar [huá] row (a boat) (F ) scratch [huà] (F ) (= jìhuà) plan (F [jì] since, already; [zhì] (= mass [b ] [bà] jìrán since, now that zhìliàng quality, wùzhì) matter, substance; w iba tail; zu b mouth; B x Brazil zu bàzi mouth, a slap in the face yízhì identical, (F*) Táiw n xìzhì [zhì] send, convey; careful [w n] harbor; [y n] (= bi oy n) perform, act, performance mùtou) wood; b n root and [mù] tree, (= {Compare with dà big} [wéi] soft leather, [guài] blame, (= [wéi] surround; [jìng] still, quiet; qíguài) strange; wéiqí Japanese "go" jìngdiàn static electricity guàiwu monster [páng] (= pángbi n) side [bàng] (= ) 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 (F ) [yuán] (= hu yuán) garden, (= g ngyuán) park [f u] not; shìf u whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not? [p ] bad, inferior; z ngp pass judgment (on people) [fù] assist, vice-; (F ) [jí] bi njí edit; fùcí adverb luójí logic [c i] pick, gather (F ) [cài] (F ) càidì fief [shí] eat, (= [sì] feed [d ng] climb (F (F ) ) [gòu] enough; [sài] contest; [m ] (= [ji ] false [jià] (= (F ) nénggòu be capable of match, race yùm corn shíwù, = shíp n) food m fàn) rice, meter; jiàq ) vacation [jiào] relatively, quite; [ji o] (b ji o = b jiào) [ji ] (= b jiào compare, relatively xi ojie young lady lóut stairs sh uhuò ji jie) older sister; mansion; (F ) [lóu] story, building; [huò] (F harvest ) (= huòdé) get, obtain, (F ) [s n] grandchild; descendants; 722 (F ) z s n children and grandchildren, S n Wùk ng monkey with supernatural S n powers in the nobel "Journey to the West"; Zh ngsh n = S n Yixi n = Sun Yat-sen, leader of the Republican Revolution and the KMT 723 724 [xu n] (= xu nbù) declare; propaganda [chu n] penetrate, wear 725 726 727 728 729 (F ) [sh ] poem; [g ] song; [sù] fast; sh rén poet chàngg to sing sùdù speed h rán) suddenly, (= h 'ér) now... kètáng [h ] disregard, (= [táng] hall; classroom [t ng] (F (F (F ) ) ) [dí] ( shítáng dining hall, canteen; liàngt ngt ng brightly lit, brilliant enemy troops 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 dírén) enemy; [shì] try, test; [xiè] thank; k oshì test, quiz xièxie thanks; central; beg, plead huáiniàn [y ng] entreat, center; (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) [huái] bosom, cherish; cherish memory [gù] (= [yàn] (= [yíng] camp; [zh ] (= huáiyí suspect; zhàogu) look after; j ngyàn) experience campfire; gùkè customer do business tíngzh ) stop [xìng] family name; xìngmíng full name (family name and personal name); Nín guìxìng? (May I ask for) your family name, Sir/Madame? (F (F (F ) ) ) [y ng] raise, nourish; yíngy ng nutrition [lì] Ô m ilì beautiful; majestic [Lí] Korea {Compare with péng friend and cè book} [sh ] belong to, be subordinate to, born in a specific year acoording to the Chinese calendar [zh ] enjoin 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 (F ) [j ng] scene, scenery; f ngj ng scenery, landscape [gu ] outer wall of city, [y ] (= y kào) depend on, comply with, according to; y rán still [w i] w ixié threaten, imperil; Nuów i Norway shìw i demonstrate; ànmó massage [àn] press, (= [è] evil [wù] ( [ ]( ) hate ànzhào) according to; (F ) ) nauseous [màn] slow [zuò] (= zuòwèi) seat, place, stand, pedestal, base, » (F (F (F ) ) ) [zuì] crime, guilt [wéi] think xi nwéi fiber; wéihù safeguard; zhújiàn) gradually síwéi [jiàn] (= jiànjiàn, = [ji n] dip/soak in liquid [shèng] (= shènglì) victory, triumph, win [cáng] store; conceal, hide [zàng] (= X zàng) Tibet [huáng] [ji ] street; huángdì emperor; huánghòu empress street-corner j liè intense street, neighborhood; j dòng) excite; yìcháng unusual [j ] surge, dash, (= [yì] different; [zh i] pick, take off, select [ji o] horn, corner, dime [jué] actor, role 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [qiáo] look [fù] carry on shoulder, suffer, negative [sh ] carry out; construction [mó] [mú] cuòsh to measure, step; mófàn model; móf ng imitate múyàng appearance; múzi mold, pattern, die c oméi strawberry m urén somebody [c o] grass; [m u] certain, some; [yín] silver; yínháng bank [lù] (= lùshui) dew, show, reveal, betray [lòu] reveal [zhèn] battle array, ; yí zhèn f ng a short period of time [zhí] (= zhíde) be worth, (= jiàzhí) value zhíb n be [b n] class, work; on duty shàngb n go to work; [céng] layer, level, storey [xi ] repair, decorate; [chà] differ, wrong [ch ] difference [ch i] [c ] rank [cu ] stumble [wèi] (= wèidao) flavor, taste z sh organize; f ngzh spin and xi g i revise 775 776 777 778 (Fa) (F ) [zh ] weave, knit; weave [yào] medicine, drug 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 (F ) [gu n] building; [mì] thick, dense restaurant [liàng] bright, light, shine, loud and clear; piàoliang handsome, beautiful, remarkable, brilliant, smart [l ] f l law; xuánl tune, melody (Fü) [xí] l sh lawyer; xuéxí study; jìl discipline; xíguàn habit liànxí practice; [tián] field; (F ) tiány open country ji nt zì simple form mi nfèi free virus [ji n] ji nd n simple; character [mi n] exempt; [dú] ( ) poison; ( bìmi n avoid; ) drug; (F ) [gu ] return [b ] (= b làng) wave; b chánga wavelength [xíng] mould, type; [w ] ( (F ) di nxíng typical fángw ) building; roof w zi) room, (= [huàn] change, exchange [jiù] help, rescue; [jì] to mail; [dì] emperor; jiùmìng! Help! Save me! jìsh ngchóng parasite dìguó empire; Shàngdì God chètuì [tuì] go backwards, (= withdraw [yáng] (= Ocean [y ng] (F ) hòutuì) retreat; h iyáng) ocean; nu ny ngy ng warm Tàipíng Yáng Pacific [s ] silk, thread 799 800 801 802 (F (F ) ) [hú] lake; [shuì] (= húp lakes; shuìjiào) sleep Húnán; Húb i [láo] (= láodòng) labor [lào] encourage, console [fù] (= fùn ) woman; f fù married couple 803 [bó] eldest brother, uncle [b i] dàb izi eldest brother of one's husband [bai] sh bai cousinship on father's side [bà] (= ) {Compare with b i hundred} [ní] Buddhist nun; nílóng nylon [pí] (= [z ] ( píf ) skin z xi n) ancestor; z m grandmother y ngxióng hero; xióngw i Níji l gu Nicaragua; 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 (F ) [xióng] powerful, male; grand; [h n] (= marriage xióngj rooster jíeh n) marry; h nl wedding; h ny n [k ng] jiànk ng health; K ngx Zìdi n dictionary compiled in the Kangzi period [píng] criticize, comment, review [zhu ] pursue [h ] exhale, sip, aha!, [h ] [hà] hàsa shake, swing; hàshim Chinese forest frog (F ) [luò] net, twine [lào] guàlào involvement, implication [diàn] (= sh ngdiàn) store, shop; f nyì translate fàndiàn restaurant 812 813 814 815 [f n] turn over; 816 817 818 819 820 821 (F (F ) ) [huán] ring; [l ] ceremony; huánjìng environment, surroundings h nl wedding; l mào polite [p o] run [páo] paw the earth [ch o] (= ch oguò) go past, exceed, (= ch ojí) super [yè] (F ) leaf (of a plant) [xié] harmonize (F ) [y ] press, pressure [yà] yàg n from the start, in the first place, altogether, entirely, totally, at all, simply [zh n] fortune telling [zhàn] occupy; zhànl ng capture [j n] even; píngj n average 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 (F ) (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) (F ) [y ng] (= y ngyu n) always, forever, eternal {Compare with shu water} [liè] (= qiángliè) intense; bonus; ardent; martyr [ji ng] prize, award; [pó] old lady; [g n] catch up [fù] (= wealth [lán] fùy u) rich; [ lánhu orchid scholarship l opo wife f ngfù abundant; cáifù [lù] record; jìlù take notes; tape recorder [huà] draw, picture [yù] meet; yùdào encounter [dùn] to pause, meal 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 (F ) [yì] skill, (= yìshù) art; wényì literature and art [p ] p t ng common; P t nghuà Common Speach = Mandarin; p biàn universal [pàn] judge; [yuán] (= (F ) p pàn criticize láiyuán) source, origin; z yuán resources [yì] 100 million [sù] plain, white, vegetarian; y nsù factor, element  y zhòu [chuán] boat, ship; dùchuán ferry; f ichuán "cosmic flying boat" = spaceship (Fz) [jì] (= jìxù) continue; jìchéng inherit [shàng] esteem; g oshàng noble, lofty [shang] héshang monk [zu ] ( [chá] [y ] rain; (F ) zu ba) mouth; gu nchá observe; rainwater; , fine; zu chún lip j ngchá police bàof ngy rainstorm outstanding; y uyuè [y u] excellent; superior [nín] you; Nín guìxìng? (May I ask for) your family name, Sir/Madame? (F ) [xi n] ( w ixi n) danger; b oxi n insurance [y n] (F ) smoke, cigarette, mist [y n] (= ) (F (F ) ) [ji ] (= ) steps; class; rank; phase [d n] carry on a shoulder pole [dàn] two buckets full, 50 kg. [sàn] break up, distribute, dispel [s n] fall apart, scattered 854 855 856 857 857 859 860 861 (F ) [b n] board, hard, (F ) boss [zh ng] (F ) bell, clock; dote on, [f ng] (= f ngwèn) visit; l ob n shopkeeper, proprietor, 3 o'clock, (F ) gather material zh ng'ài [mèi] ( mèimei) little sister; ji mèi sisters {Compare with mò = wife of the last ruler of the Xia dynasty} [sh n] stretch [Fó] Buddha; Fójiào Buddhism [fú] f ngfú seem [xiàn] limit, bounds; [t o] (= (F ) limited; restrict t oyàn digusting t olùn) discuss; { t ok uc i = ( ) t o ge jílì(huà) to ask for something as a token of good omen} [lín] overlook, be adjacent to; temporary 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 (F (F (F ) ) ) [Wú] , Wu Kingdom (222-280 A.D.) [yáo] shake [tiào] jump; tiàos n parachute; tiàow dance [q ] (= w nq ) curved [q ] melody (F%) (F ) [liàn] white silk, (= [gòu] [wán] play; liànxí) practice constitute; h owánr fun jiégòu structure; wánjù toy; [yù] ( yùshí) jade; yùm corn {Compare with wáng king} [fàn] violate; » fànzuì commit a crime; » criminal 872 873 874 875 876 877 (F ) [ch ng] (= g ngch ng) factory k ndìng definitely [k n] be willing to, consent; (F ) [xié] xiézuò cooperate [xìng] good fortune, luck; (F ) xìngfú happy wave (one's hand) y uxiào effective [hu ] wave, wield; command an army; [xiào] (= [qí] xiàogu ) effect, result; zh ngqí neat; yìqí together 878 (F ) [zh i] (= ) [z ] (= ) [f ng] to seal; feudal; envelope w ndù temperature chíyí hesitate 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) (F ) [w n] (= [yí] ( w nnu n) warm; huáiyí) doubt, suspect; [ròu] flesh, meat; j ròu muscle {Compare with nèi inside} [g ng] (= studying [zh ] paper; [cè] plan; [ch ng] fill; jìng ng, = g ngj ) attack; specialize in bàozh newspaper zhèngcè policy ch ngfèn full, ample; ch ngm n full of yì d ng màozi a [d ng] top, ; hat [xún] (= [xín] [nìng] (= [níng] xúnzh o) seek xínsi nìngyuàn, tranquil jìngk ) prefer, rather sh qi dune; sh f [sh ] sand; sofa sh mò desert; 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 (F (F ) ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F (F ) ) [fáng] embankment, guard, protect, anti[zhu ] grab, seize, arrest, attract, scratch [lì] (= lìzi) example; lìrú for instance [g ] thigh, section [mài] sell; the apples? ? Pínggu z nme mài? How much are [shùn] along, in the same direction as, obey, suitable [j ng] j ngchá police; j nggào warn [mèng] dream [jù] drama, play, opera; [shàn] good; jùliè severe be good at g ishàn improve; [méng] to cover, ignorant [m ng] cheat [M ng] M ngg Mongolia [piào] ticket [liáng] ( , y uliáng, ) good; liángx n conscience [fàn] ; (F ) mófàn model, fine example [ji n] hard, solid, firmly; fànwéi scope, range; persist; firm [du n] hold sth. level with both hands, extremity, end [kào] lean on, rely on, keep close to, come up to, near [zá] mixed; [z ] fùzá complicated; l lil z rambling zázhì magazine [guì] expensive, valuable [nù] anger, rage 911 912 913 914 915 (F ) [g o] stalk of grain, draft, sketch, manuscript [p i] clap, paddle; [l ] rate, proportion; [shuài] p ngp ngp i ping-pong paddle pínl frequency l o old, not young; xn shuàil ng lead, command [jiù] old (not new) (compare with new) [diào] drop, fall 916 [la] corresponding to le plus a, [l ] h l l flapping sound [lá] lálá chat, gossip, jaw; lágu chat, gossip [mò] nothing; not; mòdà greatest; mòmíngqímiào baffling, inexplicable [shòu] award, give; teach; [sh u] guard; [yóu] oil; jiàoshòu professor 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 (FÃ) (F@) (F ) b osh u conservative qìyóu gasoline; jiàngyóu soy sauce bìy uy u [y u] l y uy u bright/fresh green; bluish green [ n] kindness; [j ] accumulate; [yì] (= Zh u nlái j jí positive; area lìyì) advantage, profìt xiànzh ng county magistrate [xiàn] county; [k ] cry, weep [bà] stop; strike; bàle that's all [pí] (= ) tired, weary, exhausted [tíng] ji tíng family; chu nghu, = court; courtyard [chu ng] (= curtain chu ngk u) window; 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 (F ) [yáng] raise; [wàng] (= [wáng] f yáng develop, promote wàngjì) forget morning; niú cow} afternoon; lunch [w ] noon; {Compare with [k ] block, calory, card [qi ] checkpoint [xu ] snow; xu hu snowflake; huáxu to ski [cài] vegetable, dish [pái] tablet, brand, cards, dominoes; logo [niú] ox, cow, bull; niún i milk {Compare with w noon} (F ) [tu ] take off; tu lí break away Ph.D.; universal love; páizi sign, label, [bó] abundant, plentiful; bóqùgu n museum [zhàng] 10 ch = 3 1/3 meters, to measure land, male elder relative/person; zhàngfu husband (F ) [dàn] [tán] bomb; bullet play guitar Yàzh u Asia; squirrel, (F ) loose uzh u Europe; [zh u] continent; F izh u Africa [s ng] pine tree; [huài] (F ) bad [p ] (= ) (F (F ) ) [Dèng] [xi n] fresh [xi n] few, rare; Korea cháng) [du n] short (opposite of 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 (F ) [bì] bìyè graduate; bìjìng after all ¾ [zhì] put, place; [chu] [ch ] ¾ wèizhi position q ngchu clear k ch misery uzh u Europe; um ohm (F ) [ u] [lüè] brief, slight; [zhì] (F ) lüèw i slightly zhìlì intellegence zhìhuì wisdom; [d o] island [kàng] (= [q ] (= d kàng) resist; q zi) wife revolt; protest [bào] hug, embrace (F (F (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) ) ) [zài] carry, be loaded with [z i] put down in writing [bài] ( sh bài) lose, be defeated; f bài corrupt [qi ng] gun [ch ng] chánch ng comet [shì] [dí] héshì suitable, appropriate dícóng follow, go to x x n open- [x ] empty, void; qi nx modest; minded; k ngx hollow [yù] prepare; beforehand; forecast [j ng] eye [jing] y njing eye [cì] thorn, prick, stab, irritate, (= [c ] wham [di ] dad; di die daddy; cìsh ) assassinate di dì daddy 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 (F ) [f n] [jiè] [kuò] one after another; jièshào introduce; b okuò include; ji f n dispute; preposition gàikuò generalize sold out (F ) [xi o] melt (metal), remove, sell; [jiàng] fall, descend [xiáng] tóuxiáng surrender (F ) [yú] fish; j nyú goldfish; sh yú shark [b n] run fast, flee [bèn] go straight towards [r n] endure, tolerate; [z ng] ancestor, clan, faction; (F ) [pán] disk, tray; [ r] (= [y ] wild (F ) [xùn] interrogate; [pèi] match, deserve; t ngxùn news report distribute; pèihé cooperate rénbuzhù can't bear, can't resist religion; ancestry chessboard suànpán abacus; rduo) ear; earphone, headphones [jìn] ( jìnzh ) prohibit [j n] endure; bùj n can't resist (doing something) [su ] rope; (F ) s su think deeply; su xìng simply, just [Zhào] [mò] silent; y umò humor mòmò silently; chénmò reticent; f itú gangster [tú] on foot, follower; túdi apprentice; [jià] frame, rack, shelf, put up, ; yí jià f ij an aeroplane; sh jià bookshelf 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 (F ) [d ng] lamp [f ng] mountain peak (F ) [zhuàng] (= state of affairs [ku n] fund zhuàngtài, = zhuàngkuàng) condition, [yí] (= yídòng) move; transplant [bà] dad; bàba daddy shift, transform; [tu ] hold in the palm, rely on; w itu entrust [hóng] (= hóngshu ) flood, vast, ; hóngliàng loud and clear, magnanimity [sh ng] liter, rise, ascend [hu ] , group of people. (= hu bàn) partner; ji huo fellow (F ) [dìng] conclude (compare with [háo] long fine hair, milli-; [hú] (F ) húli fox dìng decide) háobù not at all [zhèn] town, press down, calm, cool [chuáng] bed; chuángd n sheet; river bed [hù] hùxi ng each other; reciprocal [tào] set, cover; clothing) glove; xi nghù mutually, yí tào y fu a (full) suit (of l gu n inn; l xíngshè [l ] (= l xíng) travel; travel agency [táo] ( (FÂ) táop o) escape, flee ? M ma mà m ma? Does mama [mà] curse; curse the horse? 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 (F ) [sh ] transport, lose (compare with [chàng] sing; [jìng] [mì] [bì] suíjìng pacify, appease mìmì secret; Peru cídi n dictionary; kùnnán) difficult, (F , ) tear; secretary yíng win) (F ) [cí] word; vocabulary [kùn] (= dòngxí verb; ) tired cíhuì (F ) [lèi] ( teardrop shúx know well [shú] cooked, ripe, familiar; [shóu] (F ) [cái] wealth; [gu ] ghost; ( [g ] ( [g ] f cài get rich mógu ) devil; gu zi foreign devil g tou) bone g lu roll ji helmet and yóu from} [sh n] explain {Compare with [yù] desire, wish; [zh ng] journey; evidence, levy [s ] ( (= [w ] ( yùwàng desire, lust The Long March, attack, (F ) ) personal, (= zìs ) selfish tiàow ) dance s y u) privately owned, be private, [qi ] autumn, fall; [jù] (= [yíng] ( [xiù] ch nxiài d ng the four seasons jùdà) huge, gigantic hu nyíng) welcome y uxiù excellent; xiùcai scholar 1026 1027 1028 1029 (F ) [g o] do [d ng] 4th in a series, cubes (in food preparation), [zh ng] zh ngzh ng clang, clank [x ] inhale; attract [sh n] h x breathe; sh npàn bring to trial; x sh u absorb; interrogate xyn 1030 [biàn] all over, everywhere; repetitive times/occurrences>; (it) once more! (F ) [qiáng] (= qiángbì) wall universal, k ngpà) I'm afraid; [ya] [z n] ( , ) respect yìngjiàn hardware quota [yìng] hard; [é] ( [wù] (= ) forehead; cuòwù) mistake [jiè] borrow, lend [nà] receive, accept, enjoy, pay, sew [zhé] fold; break; change direction [shé] break [zh ] turn over [shòu] sell; sell goods yíhàn regret expose qu di n shortcoming míxìn [yí] yíchuán inherit; [wèi] give [bào] violent, sudden; [pù] (= ) ™ [qu ] (™ qu fá) lack, be short of; ™ [mí] be lost; W míle lù I am lost; superstition, blind faith/worship [l ] ; ( [tàn] (= [huò] (= [tóng] [hu n] ( [w i] ( ú l m ng) rude; dull tànsu ) explore huòwù) goods; értóng children hu nmàn) slow ) great, mighty; hóngw i, xióngw i grand huòbì money, currency 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [j n] (= j nzh ) monarch, sovereign, (= gentleman; tyrant [zhu ng] village; [fán] ordinary; ( [w i] zhu ngjia crops; fánshì) every; crisis; j nz ) solemn extraordinary endanger ch o stir-fry) dangerous; [sh o] roast, cook, burn (compare with [c i] ( sèc i) colour; c isè multicolour [qi ng] rob; snatch; scrape [qi ng] [kòng] ( [xi ng] ( [xì] ( kòngsù) accuse, (= , ) chest; ( kòngzhì) control ) heart, mind yóuxì game xìjù) drama, play; [pi n] sheet of paper, piece of writing [qù] interest, fun; [shù] bundle; [wèi] call; [gài] interest; shùfù tie up; so-called roughly, most likely; concept; inject; spirit interest, taste jiéshù finish [shè] shoot, fire, send out; [kè] lesson; [dòng] hole, cave archery kèb n textbook [má] hemp, (= zh ma) sesame; máfan bother [m ] m mah i dusk; luànm m messy, disorderly [b i] cup; g nb i cheers 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F (F ) ) [tòu] penetrate, thorough; [yóu] [róng] (= yóujú post office; gu ngróng, = tòujìng lens; yóupiào stamp transparent róngyù) glory, honor [d ng] understand [y ng] embrace, crowd; crowded [xiàn] donate; y nghù support; y ngj gòngxiàn contribution [x ] wash; x z o bath, shower [Xi n] [xi ] stop, (= [pò] compel; [p i] [tàn] sigh [g u] dog; [t u] steal; [y n] opposite of [qì] vapor, steam; lièg u hound; xi ot u thief yáng; , cloudy; gloomy qìch car f ngg u mad dog xi xi) rest; y pò oppress; p ij pào mortar retire; rest home bèipò be compelled qìyóu gasoline; [bài] honor, worship; l bài week [bái] báibai bye-bye [héng] horizontal [hèng] perverse [g ] beat, play, drum, arouse [g ] pàngg g fat, plump, full, bulging [jiàn] jiànk ng health báo thin) [hòu] thick, deep, kind, rich (food) (compare with [qi n] qi ndìng conclude and sign (treaty, etc); qi nmíng signature 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) [d n] cinnabar, red; Denmark [Luò] name of a river in [h n] (= [róng] (= hibiscus [lún] wheel [àn] shore [n i] breasts, milk [dàn] thin, light; [cháo] tide; (= [xùn] lesson h njiào, Chéngd ); d ntián pubic region; Hénán and h h n, D nmài Sh nx jiàoh n) shout, cry out fúróng lotus, cottonrose dànlán (= cháosh ) moist; qi nlán) light blue g ocháo climax [yuán] round, circle; (sometimes used for [ju n] roll; spring roll (F ) [juàn] volume, book, exam paper [quán] (= quán) curly hair yuán dollar) (F (F ) ) [shì] ji shì explain; shìfàng release [zh ] all, various, [miào] wonderful, subtle; mòmíngqímiào be baffled [wéi] wéiwùzh yì materialism [w i] [duó] force one's way; seize, capture; gradually; fight for step by [zhú] expel, pursue, one by one; step [yàn] (= yànzi) swallow (bird) [Y n] 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 (F ) (F ) (FI) (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) [d i] stupid, silly, foolish, stay; [ái] áib n stiff [cè] ( [làng] (= d ib n stiff gu ncè observe waste cèliáng) survey, measure; b làng) wave (of water); [ch u] take out; shrink; whip; [gài] cover, shell; lid smoke tobacco [pi n] slanting, leaning; stubbornly; unfortunately [yuè] experience, pass through, review; ( [gòu] ( gòum i) purchase prospect; via zòngduì yuèdú) read [tú] way, route; [zòng] longitudinally; column, file [Y ] c ozòng operate; [yé] , (= Y s Jesus m suo grope; yé) grandfather [m ] feel, stroke; [guà] hang, put up [háng] sail, fly; zhu m fathom hángxíng navigate; aviation [zé] (= xu nzé) choose [zhái] choose [hèn] hate [shè] sùshè dormitory [sh ] (F ) give up, abandon; leave at home [quán] box (with fists); [zhú] bamboo [táng] , Tang Dynasty, boastfull, exaggerated; sh bùdé be loathe to tàijíquán Taiji shadowboxing ( 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) tángt ) rude róngyù honor; míngyù fame [yù] praise; [chéng] ride (a vehicle); multiply [shèng] chariot [ruò] weak; [ji n] (= w iruò faint; ji nchá) inspect z g ng womb ru nruò feeble [g ng] palace, temple, ; [yí] ceremony, rite, gift, (= (= yíbi o) appearance, bearing, yíqì) instrument, apparatus [qí] flag [hán] keep in mouth, contain [Yuán] [zh ] foundation of a building; dìzh address [b i] put, arrange, sway, wave; yáob iw "shakesway-dance", waggle dance (of bees), rock 'n' roll [ào] àomì secret, mystery; àomiào profound, secret [f n] ; f nqié tomato [P n] P nyú county in Gu ngd ng [hùn] mix up; hùnluàn chaos [hún] muddy, muddled [miè] extinguish; [wò] hold, grasp; [yá] (= [l ] ( [zhào] eliminate; perish; comprehend annihilate yách ) tooth k ol ) consider; zhàok i convene y ul worry about 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) [m ng] fierce [ku n] wide, broad, extend, relax [chéng] fill; contain [shèng] flourishing; luxuriant [hé] pit, nucleus; hétao walnut [hú] húr pit [dài] bag, pocket [shào] [b ] mend [di n] di nxíng typical; classical; dictionary jièshào introduce [qu n] circle [juàn] pen, sty [ju n] shut up in a pen [f ng] good-looking (F [y ] [y ] ) f ngfù abundant y zhi elegant wény cultured, refined; y piàn opium [jí] lucky, auspicious [zàn] [chá] tea; black tea [yì] also; [g ] ( [w n] ( approve of; praise ² hóngchá "red tea" = cháyè tea leaves; f nzh yìrán and vice-versa ) valley; (F ) (= g wù) grain; g zi millet w ndìng) stable, steady; w ndang reliable cíhuì [huì] (F ) gather together; guìbào to report; vocabulary; (F ) converge, remit [lì] lìhai terrible, formidable, [lài] name of an ancient country {Compare with 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 (F ) (F (F ) ) lì experience} [jiè] to fall due, [jì] (= hénjì) mark, trace, vestige; thunderstorm; qíjì miracle radar order [léi] thunder; [xù] [hán] ( zhìxu order; ) cold procedure; [fù] enclose, attach; [j ] chicken; fùjìn vicinity, nearby g ngb o j d ng spicy diced chicken [z o] meet with disaster [ti o] ( ) choose 1209 [ti o] poke; challenge [t o] t otà walk casually to and fro [ji n] ( (F ) [yì] ( ji nb ng) shoulder; ( jìyì, ji nfù) take on 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 (F ) (F ) huíyì) remember, recall; memory róuru n soft; róuhe gentle [róu] yielding; [dài] put on; dài y njìng wear glasses; dàishang màozi put on a hat [x ] ( ) cherish; hesitate k x it's too bad; next door bùx not [gé] separate, stand between; [háo] (= [chéng] ( h obù, = ) honest h obù) not at all [ruì] auspicious, good omen; [ji n] subtract; timely snow ji nsh o decrease 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [b ] sow, seed; [me] (S ) [mó] (F ) [zh n] needle; [qí] board game; [jìng] [bì] ( [bei] broadcast; disseminate y omó petty, insignificant policy; chess; zh ncì acupuncture Go; contest Checkers jìngzh ng compete; sh ubì) arm g bei arm [t ng] quite, very; endure, stand; [c o] conduct, grasp; [cào] make trouble [y o] waist [kuáng] ( f ngkuáng) crazy stand upright c ozòng operate [tì] in place of; ( [méi] plum, prune; [gù] [lún] dàitì) replace, substitute plum blossom; plum grove g nggù consolidate; lúnl ethics gùdìng fixed [Sòng] the Song dynasty (960-1279); typeface [g ng] steel; [gàng] sharpen [nuò] fountain pen; piano Sòng t zì "Song"- nuòyán a promise [cán] injure, barbarous, incomplete, remnant [yán] ( [h ] ( [h ] yáncháng) prolong l oh ) tiger m mah h [hù] 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 (F ) (F ) [xùn] [z i] ( [qi o] [qi o] hùbul shrike xùnsù rapid, swift z inàn, z ihài) disaster qi oqi o quietly qi osh ng quietly [yuè] high mountain, wife's parents, [qiáo] ; [chu n] river; b ngchu n glacier qiáomù arbor Sìch nsh ng Sichuan Province; bàochóu get [chóu] revenge, hatered, ; revenge [qiú] mate, [jì] (= jìjié) season; seasons [chu ] blow (F ) [liáng] ( liángshi) grain, food d ngjì winter; 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) sìjì four [jù] gather, get together; [yì] ( [zh ] ( [sh ] (= f nyì) translate zh zi) pearl, bead; héjùbiàn nuclear fusion eyeball; teardrop sh shu) uncle, father's younger brother conspiracy ch shí plinth [móu] scheme; [ch ] j ch foundation, base, basis; [rén] benevolence, humanity [s n] decrease; damage; [róng] ( s nsh lose, loss róng) ) melt (ice or snow; cf 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 (F (F ) ) [liàng] car; li ng liàng ch two cars g njìng clean m ng n sensitive; Y s lán Islam fairy maiden m nruì [jìng] clean, complete; only; [m n] acute m njié agile; [y ] , he or she; [xi n] fairy, saint, immortal celestial being; [qi o] clever, coincidentally; qi omiào ingenious [líng] zero; língjiàn spare part; spare change [l ng] g l ngl ng solitary, all alone; d ngl ngl ng tinkle, jingle [lèi] tired; work hard [l i] accumulate [léi] (F‡) [xi ng] (= xi ngshòu) enjoy (compare with , companion wipe out; precious brave warrior zh umò shake h ng) 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 (F ) [bàn] accompany; [dàng] swing, sway; loaf about; [zh n] ( [y ng] ) treasure: y ngg n brave; pearl; courage; 1272 [mò] end, minor details; mòr powder; weekend [me] (= me); shénme what? {Compare with wèi haven't} (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) [fèn] fèndòu struggle; x ngfèn excited 1273 1274 1275 1276 [d n] gallbladder, guts, bravery, internal parts [qì] ( fàngqì, p oqì) abandon, give up máfan trouble, bother; bú nàifán [fán] be vexed; impatient 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) [hú] paste; [h ] plaster [hù] paste [yóu] still, yet; [shuì] tax [péi] hútu muddled yóuyù hesitate; yóurú as if foster, train, develop; d kàng) resist cultivate, breed [d ] support; ( [s ng] monk [f ng] sharp; charge, assault; vanguard [n i] be, so, only then, you [yáo] distant, remote; long [mó] [m ] [t n] ànmó massage; móc rub; friction m sa gently stroke, smooth rub, massage level; calm; tank (S ) [hòu] after [méi] eyelash; [c n] meal [guàn] be used to; xíguàn be used to, habit, custom búlùn) no matter brows; eyebrow; looks [píng] lean on, based on, (= [gu n] hat, crown [guàn] first place; [tái] lift, raise, carry [pèng] bump into; [bì] money, currency; guànj n champion happen to meet coin; rénmínbì RMB. 1297 (F ) [q ] open; start; enlighten; arouse, inspire li ng m m tou wharf, catch a [m ] ; 1298 (F ) shì two entirely differeint things/matters; dock; 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F (F (F ) ) ) hàom (serial) number, code [mào] emit, risk, pretend to be, ; cold [hàn] ( [hán] hànshu ) sweat, perspiration kèhán [sú] common, rustic, vulgar, custom; [hu ] ash, dust, grey, disheartened [d ] ji nd supervise wúqióng infinite proverb, saying [qióng] poor; [p ] quite, rather [q ng] lean; [ji n] point, tip; tendency, prefer; ji nruì sharp slant [Hán] ; (old name for Korea) [mào] màoyì trade móf ng) imitate, copy; isolated; lonely [f ng] resemble, be like, (= seem; copy [g ] alone; orphan; [pi o] float in the air, flutter; [màn] overflow; endless; flutter, wave làngmàn romantic [y ] (= y y,= j y ) give, grant [yú] (= wú) I, me [z ] purple, violet 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 (F ) [cè] side [zh i] zh iwai slant yánh i coastal; promote; leader; yánr water's edge elevation pocket-sized; backbone [yán] along; [bá] raise, pull; [xiù] ( ) sleeve; du nxiù T-shirt [liáng] bridge, roof beam; (F ) [sh ng] reward, admire; [mù] curtain; act (of play); [bì] wall, cliff; bridge; x nsh ng enjoy, appreciate píngmù screen qiángbì wall (la pared) in one day; once; New [dàn] dawn; Year's Day [chén] ( (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) [chún] ( [bì] shut [liáng] cool, cold [liàng] make cool [s o] sweep; [sào] z ochen) morning chúnjié) pure; ( d nchún) simple d s o clean up sàozhou broom yóuqí especially [yóu] fault; outstanding; [pào] cannon; shell [b o] quick-fry [páo] concoct [w n] bowl (F ) [ti ] stick, paste, glue, stay close to [ch ] insert, stick in; plug 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 (F (F ) ) [g n] roll, boil [yuán] cause, reason; edge; insulate [sì] temple, Buddhist monastery (F (F ) ) [bèi] shellfish; cowrie; (money); {Compare with [rùn] jiàn see} lìrùn profit; rùnhuá lubricate bèiké shell sh rùn moist; [shì] surname, family name, (= shìzú) clan [zh ] Yuèzh Indo-Scyths (nomadic people in Central Asia) [d ng] (= hibernation; (F (F ) ) [kuò] d ngti n, = d ngjì) winter; d ngmián ch nxiàqi d ng the four seasons kuòdà enlarge, expand [lán] fence, railing [hu ng] desolate, wasteland, famine; [zhé] zhéxué philosophy hu ngmiù absurd [b ] force, compel; close in on (F ) [xià] frighten, scare [hè] (= k nghè) threaten, [du ] pile, heap [zu ] gu lib ozu altogether, all in all [zhuàng] collide, run into [láng] young man; [làng] [li ] two, both; (F ) [li ng] craft [lán] ( bridegroom. w men li the two of us 1351 jìli ng trick, intrigue, maneuver, skill, dexterity, .) blue 1352 (F ) 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 (F ) [xián] idle, free time; [x n] suffering; digression, complaint x nk work hard y njìng glasses péijià dowry (F ) [jìng] (= [péi] (= jìngzi) mirror, lens; péitóng) accompany; (F ) [qí] ride (horse/bike) [jì] chéngjì saddle horse; rider [dàn] egg; chicken egg; protein cùsh impel, urge yángnián year of the [cù] urge; urgent; cùjìn promote; Ð [yáng] sheep; Ð sh nyáng goat; Ð Sheep = 8th year [yí] (= [yi] shìyí) suitable piányi cheap ma) [ma] [má] (= (F (F ) ) [yán] . yánsè colour; yánmiàn face píngqióng) poor [pín] (= } pínkù, = [fú] width of cloth, size, ; a picture (F ) [zhù] stay, halt, be stationed [píng] (= [w ] foul; (F (F (F ) ) ) [jié] fúpíng) duckweed w r n pollution outstanding; masterpiece p miè extinguish; majestic; p kè [p ] pounce on; flap wings; Poker [zhuàng] robust, magnificent; 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 (F ) [sà] púsà bodhisattva, benevolent being, [xíng] punishment (F ) [y u] worry, grieve; [mào] ( (F ) y uyù sad; polite worry about ) appearance; [yù] lawsuit; ( ji nyù) prison, jail [s i] fill in, stuff, cork [sè] (= d sè) block up, obstruct [sài] place of strategic importance, border pass (F ) [fèng] male phoenix (fabulous bird of good omen) [k ng] hole; (F (F (F ) ) ) [chù] touch; [liàn] K ngz Confucius; ji chù get in touch; miànk ng face antenna love (as in love affair) q y uc l What kind of [q ] (rhetorical adverb); reasoning is that?, Nonsence! [s n] (= s nlín) forest U [fán] numerous; U fánzhí breed; U flourishing; U fán t zì full forms of simplified characters [suì] smash to pieces [j n] ferry crossing, ford, saliva, sweat, moist, damp; j nj ny uwèi (to do someting) with pleasure, to be appetizing (F ) [xiá] [lóng] [l ng] xiákè chivalrous warrior; chivalrous lóngzhòng grand; lóngq swell h ngl ngl ng tumble, roll arrive late; hesitate; put off (F (F ) ) [chí] tardy; [zhì] zhìdàn dawn, daybreak radiance, glory; hu huáng brilliant [hu ] shine; 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) (FG) [h n] ruthless [x ] f nx analyse [su ] shrink [xué] cave, hole, den, grave, acupuncture point [xi o] desolate [yuàn] resentment, complain [mó] rub, wear down [mò] mill, grind(stone) [fú] bend over, subside; fall hot summer days; rise and [cí] take leave; diction, poetry, language [ní] mud; [nì] putty [líng] ( soil ) age; duration zhíjìng) diameter; bík ng nostril tújìng channel, [jìng] path, way; ( way, through [bí] (= bízi) nose; [lài] rely; hang around; blame falsely; deny error [y ng] face upward; [fèn] (= [mù] ß qìfèn, = xìny ng (religious) faith fènnù) angry àimù adore xiànmù envy; admire; [é] very soon, suddenly; [yìng] shine [xún] ?guó Russia xúnwèn ask about, inquire [c n] tragic; savage 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 (F ) [mài] wheat, etc; microphone màipiàn oatmeal; màikèf ng [sù] stay overnight, [xi ] ; zhù yì xi stay one night [xiù] constellation in Chinese astronomy [bèi] times; three times (as much) [c ] thick, rough, coarse (F ) [téng] jump, gallop, vacate; [t ng] thump [sh o] ( [shào] , boiling ) a little, a bit, slightly half a section dye; pollution w gu [jié] cut, stop; section, length; [r n] to dye; catch (disease); (F ) [w ] (= w y ) crow, (= w h i) black; tortoise {Compare with m horse and ni o bird} [yù] heal, get better; « « (like yuè) (F ) [g ng] mound, sentry [g ng] hu g ngshí granite [gàng] [li ] willow gànk u delicious sweet (F ) [p ] spread, unfold; pave [pù] shop, store; plank bed; [shè] wade, ford, go through, involve; [jí] (= jíbìng) illness; jík hardship g nshè interfere (F ) [d ng] ward off, block, gear (of car) [dàng] bìngdàng arrange, get ready [fèng] accept, offer; [tà] step on; affront (= receive orders; flatter z ota) z ota ruin, waste, insult, [t ] (= 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 (F ) (F ) t ) collapse, sink, calm down [zh ng] faithful [w ] (= w ) five, ; duìw troops [du ] hide (oneself), avoid, dodge [jí] book, registry, native place, membership; nationality [n ] [l ng] [xi ng] box [cái] cut cloth or paper; reduce; decide; sanction [zhàng] curtain; mosquito net; tent; account compatible n lì try hard shu ngl ng, bright and clear; recite guójí [ji n] double; simultaneously: [b ] b c each other [xiá] rosy clouds [zh ] pig; [x ] zh nián the year of the pig = the 12th year shúx know well, be familiar with [zh ] prick [zhá] zh ngzhá struggle [z ] (F ) [quàn] advise [báo] thin [bó] slight; weak [bò] bòhe peppermint (F ) [zhù] build, construct; [jùn] handsome, pretty; architecture brilliant, talented 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) [xié] shoe [jù] ( [q n] (= [x n] jùlí) distance q nlüè, = x nsh ng enjoy y ngj crowded medium, intermediary q nrù) invade, intrude into [j ] squeeze; crowd; push, jostle; [méi] go-between, matchmaker; [t ] spit [tù] ( [hún] ( utù) vomit línghún) soul, spirit, mood [jié] (= chúnjié) pure, (= jiébái pure white, spotless q ngjié) clean, sanitay; [zh ] branch [qí] (= qí) fork, brach, divergent [yíng] full; [z ] block; yínglì profit, have a surplus z zh prevent; diànz resistance [xiàn] pit, trap; cave in; [ji ] helmet; {Compare with sink/fall into beetle yóu from} zh jia fingernail; sh n explain and [zhèng] ; zhèngzhòng serious, solemn [míng] cry of birds, animals, insects; ring, sound; express [t ng] (= t ngruò) if, supposing shèngyú) surplus, left [shèng] be left over, remain, (= over, remain [k ] grain, small round object, ; yì k zh zi one pearl [tu ] pull, drag; procrastinate 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 [sh ] stretch; [huì] sh fu comfortable; sh chàng carefree xiánhuì virtuous ( ) nhuì favor, kindness; [h n] dusk, dark, to faint [zhèn] shake, stimulate; [jiè] forbid; vibration; inspire jièzhi ring jièyán enforce martial law; (F ) [sàng] lose (by death), lose (sth. important); sàngsh forfeit [s ng] mourning; s ngshì funeral arrangements [ji o] burnt; ( ) coke; ji ojí anxious; focus [pá] crawl, climb [p ] ip p squat, short [líng] insult; encroach; draw near; [huì] zhìhuì wisdom língchén before dawn [ u] ( urán) by chance, even number {Compare with j odd} [huàng] ( yáohuang) shake, sway [hu ng] dazzle [hu ng] [táo] ( ) peach; peach blossom; chìdào equator; cànlàn splendid hoax; y ngtáo cherry chìji o barefoot 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 (F ) (F (F ) ) [chì] red, bare; [làn] messy; [l n] [piàn] ( swindler ) deceive; cheat, swindle; cuòsh measure, step [cuò] arrange; [yè] page [xi ng] terrible; ferocious xi ng'è fiendish; xi ngm ng 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [tài] peace, quiet; Thailand; something of great importance [sh ] corpse, sh t dead body Tàish n Mount Tai, [p ] slope, hillside; [l i] tie or strap tightly [lè] lèsu [liáo] treat, cure; [t ] pagoda, tower [da] ; [chén] ( p dù slope, gradient therapy hu chén) dust [t ng] lie down [sh ] [wèi] [tán] (F tèsh special, particular comfort, console; express sympathy for ) altar, raised plot of ground; (F ) jar, jug g nzhe sugarcane; rì sun} G nsù [g n] sweet; {Compare with [y o] bite; bark; pronounce [jù] resist; ( jùjué) refuse [bi o] young tiger [zhà] ( bàozhà) explode, blow up [zhá] deep fry [j ng] (water) well, [chóng] worship, high, sublime [y n] drink [yìn] give animals water to drink [zhù] express good wishes; qìngzhù celebrate; zhùhè congratulate; zhùfú invoke/give blessing 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 [w ng] (ocean) w ngw ng tearful, bow-wow; láofáng) prison; Guìlín boundless láogù sturdy [láo] firm, durable; ( [guì] laurel (bay) tree; [w i] (= w iba) tail [y ] hòuy end, behind [pi o] float [piào] paiòliang beautiful [pi o] pi obái bleach [liáo] just, slightly; chat, gossip [s ] cast, let go [s ] scatter, sprinkle [qià] ( right qiàdàng) appropriate, suitable; qiàh o just wúliáo bored, silly; liáoti nr [níng] hùnníngt concrete; nínggù solidify [máo] spear; níngshì stare; máodùn "spear-shield" = contradiction [Y ] [w ] sigh and exclaim [yú] (S ) in, at, to, from, by, than (F ) [b n] guest; {Compare with [xù] b ngu n hotel b ng soldier} tóuxù lead, clue 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 (F ) qíngxù mood, depression; [Péng] [dù] ( dùzi) stomach [d ] tripe [c ng] urgent, rushed; c ngc ng hurriedly, obviously, apparently; c ngmáng in a hurry [miáo] trace, touch up; [f n] powder; f nhóngsè pink miáoxi describe . x y f n laundry detergent; 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 (F ) [zéi] thief [fá] (=™ qu fá) lack; pífá tired; pínfá poor [dùn] shield; [chóu] worry [xié] slanting; [liè] split, crack: [li ] crack open máodùn "spear-shield" = contradiction xiébi n hypoteneuse; xiél slope f nliè split, divide, break up, fission huáb ng ice-skate f irán brilliant (of [huá] slip, slide, smooth, slippery; [f i] to possess literary talent; literature); F ijì Fiji (F ) [fèi] waste [jì] jìmò lonely; jìjìng quiet (place); chénjì quiet [y ng] gush, pour, rise, surge; (F (F (F ) ) ) [xiáng] xiángxì detailed; nxiáng serene xi ngy ng turbulent du nxiáng details; [t ng] hot water, soup [sh ng] sh ngsh ng to flow turbulently [chè] chèd thorough; guànchè carry out, implement xuánxué [xuán] black, dark, profound, abstruse; metaphysics [j n] half a kilogram; (F ) g ngj n kilogram [h ng] bang, boom, rumble, bomb, attack, drive out; h ngh nglièliè grand, spectacular [ji n] treacherous, traitor; (F ) adultery; qiángji n rape (F ) [lián] [du ] (= k lián poor, pitiful du r) flower, ; [ yì du hu ; [duo] 1546 1547 1548 rduo ear [ji ] good, beautiful [ji ] all, everyone [ni o] bird [di o] (= ) {Compare with wu crow} chéngb ng city-state; [b ng] nation, state, country; w tu b ng utopia [fú] support with the hand, help (F (F (F ) ) ) [hu ] destroy; [c ng] [biàn] ( [píng] (= (F ) [è] hungry [shé] snake [yí] x y w iyí pretended interest and sympathy [b ] catch; [b n] move; dàib arrest move house Sh nyáng; hu miè exterminate (F ) 1549 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 c ngming clever, intelligent, bright biànlùn) debate, argue; píngzi) bottle diagnosis [Sh n] , liquid essence; (F ) mòsh nwèig n "before the ink is dry" [chén] (= ) to sink (F ) [f ng] Chinese sweet gum (tree); maple [jiù] [y u] jiùjiu uncle, mother's brother secluded; humor; èmó, = gloomy; mógu ) demon; ghost móshù [mó] evil spirit, (= magic 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [qín] zither-like instrument; [zhèng] struggle; earn [zh ng] zh ngzhá struggle [pìn] engage; [w n] curve, bend [mù] (= [q ] (= fénmù) grave, tomb q piàn) cheat, deceive, (= consciousness; q fu) bully pìnq ng engage, invite piano; violin [wù] realize; [Ji ng] [chén] high official, overseer, (= [f n] (= f nhuí) return, go back wéif n, = wéibèi) violate; wéif dàchén) minister [wéi] disobey, (= break the law [ku ] lose (money); ch ku suffer a loss, come to grief, treat unfairly; xìngku fortunately, luckily [di ] lose, misplace [yuán] hold, help; zh yuán support; yuánzhù help [Hè] , hertz [Wèi] one of the Three Kingdoms, name of several dynasties, [nài] be able to endure; nàifán impatient y ubàix n patient; bú [pèi] wear (at the waist), admire, pendant waist ornament; pèifu admire; jìngpèi esteem [su n] sour, acid [méng] ( [míng] liánméng) alliance, pact míngshì oath of alliance 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) (Fh) [pàng] fat, plump [pán] easy and comfortable [sh ] stupid, idiotic; sh zi, sh gu idiot wéirào surround [rào] wind, coil, move around; [h ng] groan, snort, hum [hng] humph [Qín] the Qin Dynasty 221-207 B.C., [q ] bend, submit, injustice; q fú surrender, yield; w iqu feel wronged, srong somebody [r ] w r insult, humiliate; ch r shame zuów n yesterday [zuó] (= zuóti n) yesterday; evening {Compare with z how} [shòu] thin, lean, frail, skinny [zàn] (= [jiàn] arrow; zànshí) temporary hu jiàn rocket; jiàntóu arrowhead Á Á [sh ] (=Á sh míng, = bùsh deploy [fù] go to, attend [dì] hand over, pass, give; present, submit [c i] guess; [qián] [hóng] ( [jì] qi nsh ) sign one's name; dìji o deliver, hand on, c ixi ng suppose qiánshu t ng submarine; qiánlì latent ability hóngyàn) swan, wild goose, vast grade, achievement; merits and achievements (FS) [yào] shine, dazzle [tú] spread on; túliào coating [tu] [t ] 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [g ] cut; hútu muddled húlib t confused, muddle-headed sh ug to harvest dòufu tofu; dàdòu soybean; [dòu] bean; w ndòu pea [m n] muffled (of sound), stuffy, cut off from air circulation [mèn] bored, depressed [tíng] (= [xiáng] (= [lì] g lì, tíngzi) pavilion, kiosk jíxiáng) auspicious; j lì encourage; cíxiáng kindly, mercy ji nglì reward miàoy fànlàn [y ] eaves, universe; temple [fàn] flood; overflow y zhòu cosmos; gu ngfàn wide, extensive; [láng] wolf, greedy and cruel person; position [hu ] (= hòuhu ) regret, repent lángbèi in a difficult [d ] put up, hang over, lift together [dá] dáchár pursue another's utterance; where, wherever (F ) [jiàn] (= j njiàn) warship; aircraft carrier [fú] float [qi n] lead along (by hand, halter, etc.); dì [fú] [sù] [nú] (= fúhé conform to; n dá hángk ngm jiàn qi nniú xià fúhào mark, symbol sùq ng eliminate yánsù serious, solemn; núlì) slave [bào] (= bàozhà) explode, (= bàozhú firecracker bàof ) erupt, burst; 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [z ] elder sister; z mèi sisters yòuzhì childish; child [yòu] young, children; [ji ] press, squeeze, clip [jiá] lined (clothing) [g ] g zhiw armpit [y o] ( y oq ng) invite [f ng] crazy [y n] [n o] [z ] rent; [y ] ( y zi) chair y nx permit, allow n ohu angry, annoyed ch z qìch taxi [ch ] ruler, one-third of a meter; y ngch (English) foot [ch ] g ngch traditional Chinese musical notation [shì] shìhòu wait upon, look after tofu; corrode; corrupt chàndòng vibrate [f ] rotten; [chàn] quiver; chànd u tremble; [zhàn] tremble, shudder [ni ] twist, turn around, seize; [ni ] z ni squeak bièniu awkward [f i] f ibó humble [f i] luxuriant; F il b n Philippines [w ] tile; ( w tè) Watt [wà] to tile a roof [w ] lánw w dazzling blue [c ] rub, wipe, scrape [là] spicy; làji o hot pepper; dúlà sinister [l ] rèl l burning hot, impassioned, passionate [zòu] play music; y nzòu perform music; jiézòu 1637 1638 1639 1640 rhythm 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 (F ) [y n] rich, [y n] (= y nhóng) blackish red, dark red [mái] bury, cover up [mán] mányuàn blame, complain [shu i] fall down; [pàn] look, (= shu iji o wrestling pànwàng) hope for, look forward to [yín] chant, recite [y n] xiàoy ny n smilingly [dù] cross a river/sea/etc., tide over, ferry across; dùchuán ferry [sh n] (= chènsh n) shirt [kuà] step, stride, straddle, go beyond [zuì] drunk [ji n] (= ji nnán) difficult, (= } ji nk ) arduous y nhù to shield; y ngài [y n] hide, sneak attack; conceal [hé] lotus; héhu lotus flower [hè] carry, load [c ng] dark green or blue; blue sky; green pine; (F ) c ngying fly, mosquito; grayish c ngbái pale, lifeless, 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 (F ) [xuán] spin; xuánzhu n rotate [xuàn] whirl, lathe [ji ] uncover [s ng] mulberry tree; mulberry leaves [zhàng] battle, war; [lián] lotus, water lilly s ngcán silkworm; s ngyè d zhàng wage a war, fight a battle 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 (F ) [zu n] drill, get into, study [zuàn] drill, auger, diamond, watch jewel [hóng] hóngw i magnificient; hónggu n macroscopic [huàn] unreal, imaginary, magical; science fiction novel hóngdà great; k huàn xiàoshu [rèn] (= d orèn) sharp edge of knife or sword, kill with knife or sword (F (F ) ) [xiá] (= xiág ) gorge, canyon; h ixiá strait, channel; S n Xiá the Three Gorges of the Yangtze river [liáo] [wá] ( (F ) [k i] liáokuò vast, extensive; wáwa) baby k ig song of triumph huànbìng fall ill zhàng'ài) obstruct; Liáoníng (a province) [huàn] worry, anxiety, disaster; [zhàng] barrier, obstacle, (= b ozhàng ensure [gài] (= q gài) beggar [héng] weighing equipment, (= measure, judge (F ) [m o] cat; xióngm o panda; [máo] máoy o stoop, crouch héngliang) weigh, m otóuy ng owl [ch u] second Earthly Branch, a clown in an opera, ; (F ) ch ulòu ugly, disgraceful, scandalous (F ) [t o] great waves [nu n] warm up, (= and warm w nnu n) warm; nu nhuo nice [li ] slide, sneak away [liù] swift current of water (F ) [gu ] pot, wok, frying pan; [nài] what?, how?; gu ti pot sticker wúk nàihé have no alternative 1678 (F¿) [fá] (= chéngfá) punish, (= fáku n) penalty shí); sh ushi put 1679 [shí] pick up from the ground, ten (= in order [shè] shèjí climb stairs (F (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) ) [nóng] dense, thick, concentrated; [jiàn] key; 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 nóngdù consistency jiànpán keyboard (piano or typewriter) [mài] vein, pulse; sh nmài mountain range [mò] mòmò lovingly [su ] lock [lín] (= línj ) neighbor [chòu] stinking [xiù] sniff, smell [f ng] perfume, (= f ngxi ng) fragrant; (when speaking of a young woman) [chuí] hang down, droop; [zhu ] clutch, grasp, catch; and-seek" [hu ] hu fù recover, restore f nglíng age chúizhí vertical, perpendicular zhu mícáng to play "hide- [m ] nurse [k n] cut, chop, hack; (F ) [jià] ( k nchái cut firewood láojià excuse me... jiàsh ) drive, fly, sail; [g ng] respect; g nghèx nx Happy New Year [ i] get close to, be next to, in sequence [ái] suffer (F ) [huò] misfortune [Cáo] 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 (F ) (F ) [cí] mercy [d u] (= cíxiáng kindly; f d u, = cí'ài love, kindness; chànd u) shiver, tremble cíb i [quán] spring, (= source [l n] p nquán) fountain; yuánquán zh nl n exhibition; yóul n go sightseeing Aomen; [ào] bay, inlet (used in place names); [z ng] (F [zàng] (F ) dirty ) x nzàng heart [téng] sore, painful [tóng] copper (Cu); [xi ] (=Þ ) q ngtóng bronze xi kuì feel ashamed luójid ng Þ (F xi ch ) shame, shy; Þ [dàng] shelves; dàng'àn files, archives [d ng] mà d ngzi target of scolding; logical data files [p o] throw; p oqì abandon; 1707 1708 1708 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 (F ) p omáo drop anchor hu miáo flame [miáo] seedling, young plant, vaccination; [huò] [huo] [féi] (= (F (F (F ) ) ) [q ] yíhuò uncertain míhuo perplex ) fat, fertile, (= ) fertilizer; féizào soap q zhú drive out, expel w peng shack ) pants g jì estimate, guess gùyi secondhand clothes xìb o cell [w ] nest; [kù] (= [g ] [gù] [b o] womb, placenta; 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) [b ng] handle [kuò] wide; gu ngkuò vast; liáokuò extensive [dù] ; stop, cut off [qín] ( ku nkuò broad; dùjué dùju n cuckoo, azalea; qínláo) diligent, hardworking [zh u] boat, ship [mào] (= [m ] màozi) hat, headgear, cap m n o agate; M y Maya [chè] remove, take away, withdraw, evacuate [pín] frequently; pínl frequency [chán] meditation, Zen, Dhyana [shàn] shànràng abdicate [k ] stalk, branch, [lái] láifú radish; Wénlái Brunei bùk n can't stand; nánk n [k n] may, endure; intolerable [cùn] inch [ i] grief; sorrowful; iqiú entreat, implore xióngm o panda hinterland [xióng] bear, ; [fù] belly, stomach, abdomen; [cháng] taste [qi o] knock, strike; luó beat a gong [bó] suddenly; qi o mén knock on a door; bóbó vigorous qi o 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) [xún] patrol; [dào] (= xúnshì make a tour of inspection dàoqiè) steal; qiángdào robber [chóu] chip, counter, prepare, plan [kòu] button up; ni kòur button; kòuzi knot, button [chí] pond, , (= yóuy ngchí swimming pool; [qi n] shallow, light [chái] firewood; [ i] dust, angstrom; chítáng) pool; diànchí battery hu chái match; A jí Egypt cháiyóu diesel oil [jià] marry (referring to a woman) [méi] [x ] scarce, watery; [di o] vulture, (= relief sculpture [yàn] (= [y n] (= y n) x fàn rice porridge, rice soup di okè) carve, engrave; yànwù) detest; fúdi o yànfán boring sh gu t oyàn, = y ny n weak and weary thrugh illness [gu ] melon, gourd; x gu watermelon; idiot; huánggua cucumber [shòu] longevity; [di ] fall, tumble [ch ] pull, tear, chat [d ng] director; [j n] brocade; vegetables g d ng antique shíj n fancy; shòumìng life-span sùshíj n assorted 1755 (F ) [jiàn] reflect, mirror, inspect, examine, take as a lesson, ancient bronze mirror, warning, object lesson; jiàndìng appraise; jièjiàn draw lessons from 1756 [shu ] brush, to brush, to paint, swish [shuà] shuàxu n choose, pick, select; white, pale, brush over (F ) [q ] walk fast, hurry, (= q shì tendency shuàbái 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 q xiàng) tend, incline to; [ju n] contribute, relinquish, tax [ào] ( (F ) [guàn] ji o'ào) proud, arrogant guànchè carry out; yíguàn consistent [diàn] hall, palace (F (F ) ) [b ] poke, turn, stir; diànhuà dial a phone [xùn] [t ] kick; (F ) b zh ng set a clock; b qi nxùn modest t zúqiú play football péi bùshi z tài) posture qi njiù [péi] compensate, pay for, lose money; apologize [z ] appearance, gesture, (= z shì, = (F ) [qi n] move, change; yield to biànqi n changes; [lí] mulititude, ; [jì] sacrifice; [d ] drip, drop (F ) límíng daybreak jìqì sacrificial utensil [xí] make a surprise attack, carry on as before [hu ng] flustered, confused; [bi n] whip [máng] [féng] meet mángmáng vast, boundless and indistinct hu ngmáng in a flurry 1776 1777 [tú] butcher, kill [k n] k nchóng insect; K nmíng 1778 [b i] (= b ishù) cypress [Bó] Bólín Berlin [bò] (= ) huángbò the bark of a cork tree, golden cypress (F ) [sh ] sail, move along quickly (speaking fo vehicles), (= jiàsh ) drive [fù] f nfù tell, instruct; zhíwù plant zh fu enjoin, tell 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 [zhí] to plant; (F (F ) ) [jù] fear, dread [ni ] [jié] ni kòur button, knob, handle, tie m njié quick, agile; q ngjié nimble, spry [zhèn] irrigation ditch; [sh ng] burden (F (F ) ) Sh nzhèn (place name) sh ngkou beasts of sh z ng be missing; cónglín x sh ng sacrifice; [z ng] g nz ng follow closely; z ngjì trace [cóng] crowd; jungle [mò] cóngsh series of books; mòrán apathetically sh mò desert; (F ) [ruì] ji nruì sharp pointed, acute; ruìlì sharp, keen 1791 [l ] l ba musical wind instrument; l ma lama [l ] l la drip (water/etc.); hu l sound of rustling/crashing/etc. [lá] h lázi saliva; zh lá harangue, shoot off the mouth [qián] heaven; qiándào ways of heaven, natural law; qiánk n heaven and earth, the universe [g n] (S ) dry, hollow 1792 1793 1794 1795 (F (F ) ) [huò] suddenly [sh ] moist [zh ng] open the eyes [z ] z xì careful [z i] young animal [z ] z ji n burdens, responsibility [ch o] make noise [ch o] ch ochao make noise [y u] long, drawn-out, leisurely; (F ) [g u] gulley, trench [mò] ink stick, (= mòshu ) ink; Mòz (a philosopher) yángròuchuàn y uji age-old 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 (F ) (F (F (F ) ) ) [chuàn] string together, bunch, cluster; Ð sheep meat kebab [jù] all; [j ] together [táo] pottery; [gòng] [hún] [yíng] win [pì] flatulence, fart, nonsence, rubbish, (= [chí] gallop, speed, spread; [bàng] stick, bat, excellent; jùlèbù club táocí ceramics gòngxiàn contribute húnsh n from head to foot, all over pìgu) buttocks chímíng well-known bàngqiú baseball [p ] ; s n p m three horses [p n] ( p ncòu) piece together; spell, transliterate p ny n; p nxi 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 (F ) [héng] permanent [xié] evil, [yé] (= yé) [cuì] brittle, crisp; cuìruò fragile [z o] rotten; g ncuì simply; z og o bad luck! q ngcuì clear; z ota waste, spoil [bàn] dress up as, disguise as; put on an expression (F (F (F ) ) ) [xián] xiánhuì virtuous and dutiful (woman); virtuous person [shì] decoration, dress up, impersonate [cháng] repay, (= péicháng) compensate, pay for xiánrén [ch i] take apart, dismantle [c ] collquial excrete (F‰) (F (F ) ) [chán] to wind, tie up, tangle, bother [shè] absorb, photograph; [n ] (= imitate [z ] [h i] hey [zh ] (F (F ) ) yìzh intention n dìng) draft; z wèi flavor; p ishè take a picture b n comparison; z zh ng grow món [chu ng] rush, charge [hè] zhùhè congratulate; qìnghè celebrate [cuì] emerald green; (FD) [féng] sew [fèng] seam, crack cuìni o kingfisher 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 (F ) [b o] full (after meal) [jié] rob, disaster (F ) [f ] pat, soothe, foster; [w ] dig, excavate f m stroke (F ) [cè] book; {Compare with [pàn] sh ucè handbook; lì beautiful and dìtúcè atlas péng friend} pàntú traitor [xiào] xiàoxiàng portrait [Xi o] [x ] splendid, (= j x ) bright, brilliand; Zìdi n Kangxi dictionary (1716 A.D.) (F (F (F ) ) ) [liàn] smelt, refine, temper metal; [xiàn] xiànf constitution; K ngx duànliàn exercise xiànb ng military police [miào] temple [bì] green jade, bluish green; Xu bì "7up", "Sprite" [hé] (= hézi) box y uyì friendship ch liàng reserves; cúnch memory dark green; dark blue; (F (F (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) ) ) [yì] [ch ] [píng] swift-running horse [Féng] [huàn] (= [t n] corrupt; [wò] lie down; jiàohuan) call out t nx n greedy wòshì bedroom 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 (F (F ) ) [yì] wing [r o] harass, bother, trouble; r oluàn disturb [xié] upper part of side of person's body, coerce [guì] kneel [b i] upright stone tablet (monument, etc); tombstone [h ] breathe out (mouth open), scold; [tián] sweet; tiáncài beet xi nrán p xi ) compose mùb i h qiàn yawn [s ] (F ) sprinkle [xi n] xi nrú respectful, deferential; (F ) alarmed, surprised, shocked, frightened, cold (F ) [p ] table, chart, manual, music score, (= (music etc.) [sh ] (used in names) [su ] mósu stroke, caress [nuó] (F ) nuó graceful (woman) 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 [gé] pavilion, cabinet [y ng] usual, ordinary; Mean Zh ng ng Doctrine of the Golden (F ) [péng] roc (a giant mythical bird) [fù] (= fùgài) cover; di nfù subvert; (S ) repeatedly, again and again [líng] línglóng clever and nimble f nfù [hóu] marquis, [m ] slip something off, colloquial wipe [m ] apply, smear, brush/wipe off, exclude, play (cards/etc.); m bù cloth, rag; m sh obliterate [mò] daub, plaster, skirt, bypass 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 (F (F (F ) ) ) [Lú] ; [ài] g lú calabash fáng'ài hinder zhàng'ài get in the way; [z ng] z nghé synthesize [zèng] heddle [qi ] mound, grave; qi líng hills; tóuy n dizzy hóngyùn blush sh qi dune (F (F ) ) [y n] faint, swoon; [yùn] dizzy, faint, halo; [lán] block the way [rán] ( ránsh o) burn; ránliào fuel [ch ng] prosperous [t n] swallow, gulp down, annex; [xián] suspicion, dislike [Dí] [y ] pawn, detain; rhyme y sòng send under escort; y yùn t nmò embezzle [shé] (= shétou) tongue {Compare with g ancient} [lín] beautiful jade (F ) [wù] fog; y nwù smoke, mist [màn] prolonged, graceful (F ) [ch ] (= ch r ) shame, humiliation; w ch shameless k ch shameful; 1885 [guì] (F ) (= guìzi) cabinet; guìtái counter; zh ngguì shopkeeper [j ] j li tree of the willow family,large tree good for making furniture/etc. (F ) [t n] spread out, unfold, take a share in, vendor's stall 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 (F ) (F (F ) ) [xu ] [xi o] [q ] b xu to exploit qi xi o cut q nq relative; xi -q joy and sorrow [g n] pole [g n] (F ) shaft [yán] rock, cliff; yánshí rock; róngyán melted rock = lava [wèi] hey, hello, (= sh yán sandstone; wèiy ng) feed, raise [r ng] throw, toss; r ngqiú throw a ball (compare with ji qiu catch a ball) [shì] elapse [dàn] shìshì pass away, die; dànsh ng be born; xi oshì fade away, Shèngdànjié Christmas xuányá cliff [xuán] hang, unresolved, worry; [shu ng] shu ngl ng bright, clear, frank; liángshu ng pleasantly cool [cu ] ; cu w i lofty, towering [tíng] royal court [còu] gather together, happen by chance [ch ] idiotic; infatuation péndì basin (of land) fángyù defense; d yù resist cu wéi rocky mound, otwering; [pén] basin, tub, pot; [yù] imperial; (F [kù] (= ) cánkù) cruel, cool [ài] Chinese mugwort; àiróng moxa [yì] yuànyì resentment [ài] oh! [ i] yes? 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 (F ) (F (F ) ) [l o] l olao maternal grandmother [m ] old lady [lóng] (= [l ng] lóngzi) cage, coop l ngzhào shroud, envelop di nd o turn upside down [di n] jolt, fall, summit; [y n] marriage; [xié] ( hand [kuì] ( h ny n marriage, realated by marriage xiésh u hand in xiédài) carry, take along; cánkuì) ashamed f nf ng fragrant; [f n] fragrance; F nlán Finland ¬ yí shàn [mù] j ngmù solemn and quiet, ; M h nmòdé Mohammed [shàn] a fan, slap, ; mén [sh n] to fan, slap, incite [yù] ; fragrant; elegant; (F y uyù melancholy (F ) [zhì] throw, cast [zh ng] terrified, panic-stricken [zhèng] f zhèng stare blankly [x n] rush pith [xìn] yánxìn core [sh ] (= 1st year (F ) [ji ] [ji ng] l osh ) mouse, rat; ji zhèng rectify; 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 ) luxuriant; sh nián year of Rat = ji chán get entangled X nji ng bi nji ng border region; rì sun} [yu ] say {Compare with [fù] [páo] (= sh fu master (term of respect) páozi) robe, gown 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 (F ) [chún] (= zu chún) lip; chúng o lipstick [s ] revive, come to; Y s Jesus p ngzhe yí gè [p ng] hold, carry in both hands; x gu carrying a watermelon [g u] cross out, evoke, gang up with [gòu] gòudang shady deal/business [mù] herd, tend; mùch ng grazing land, pasture; mùmín herdsman, govern the people [rú] Confucianism, scholar; Rúlín (Confucian) scholars [k i] Rúji Confucianists; k ngk i generous, vehement [j n] tendon, muscle, fiber; n oj n brains, mind, head; xiàngpíj n rubber band [zhù] pillar, post, cylinder [b i] low, inferior, modest, humble; b ib base, despicable, vulgar; b iliè despicable [yàn] to swallow [y n] pharynx [yè] w yè sob, whimper (F (F ) ) [d n] ton, slang one thousand yuan (RMB) páchóng reptile; sh chóng 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 (F (F ) ) [chóng] worm, insect; bookworm [shéng] (= [chú] shéngzi, = chúfáng kitchen (Fo) (F ) shéngsu ) rope, cord [yu n] injustice; [zh ng] rise, go up [zhàng] swell [zhòu] to wrinkle; [pí] yu nwang do wrong, treat unjustly zhòuwén wrinkles píjuàn tired píláo exhausted, fatigued; 1944 1945 1946 (F (F (F ) ) ) [d ] gamble, bet [ráo] rich, plentiful, have mercy, give extra [kuàng] (= kuàngshí) ore; ( kuàngwù mineral [chàng] smooth, free; chàngkuài cheerfull, carefree; unblocked [méi] coal; [wàn] (= méiyóu kerosene sh uwàn) wrist; tu wànzi ankle kuàngsh n) mine; sh chàng happy, worry-free; chàngt ng unimpeded, 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 (F ) (F ) [p n] spurt, spray; d p ntì sneeze [pèn] crop, in season, high season [qi n] advance [hào] pàiqi n send, dispatch; hàodàng vast, mighty; xi nqi n sent in hàodà huge ó [w ng] old man, [z ] z xún consult, seek advice from b obi o bodyguard (F ) [bi o] dartlike weapon; [píng] [b ng] [b ng] 1956 píngmù screen b ngx hold breath b ngyíng with fear and trepidation 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 [zhòng] second, middle (of 3 months or brothers); zhòngch n 2nd month of spring, middle of spring; zhòngxi ng 2nd eldest brother [x ] exclamation of surprise, Alas!, My! (= giggling [f n] f nfù tell, instruct x x ) sound of [mián] cotton [mèng] eldest son, first month of season, 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 (F (F ) ) [ch ng] prop up, support, keep up, fill to bursting [lú] (= lúzi) stove, oven, furnace [xiè] leak, drain, divulge, release [yì] yìtà garrulous and disorderly, easygoing [zàng] (= máizàng) bury (the dead); s ují collect; zàngl funeral [s u] search; s usu look for s uchá search; [ti n] add, increase [z n] obey; conform to z nsh u comply with; z nzhào obey, [dí] enlighten, guide (F ) [w i] false, fake; counterfeit money x w i false, hypocritical; w ibì [zhào] omen, million, mega [qiàn] owe, lack, lean forward; (F ) [liàng] (= [yán] (= [f n] yuánliàng) forgive yánrè) burning hot, (= qìf n atmosphere sh uzhàng) staff, xi zi blind person diàog u fishing hook f yán) inflammation h qiàn yawn [zhàng] cane, caning, flogging, (= walking stick [xi ] become blind, pointlessly; (F (F ) ) [diào] (= diàoyú) to fish; [cháng] intestine [p ] drape over one's shoulders, open (F ) [b o] shell, peel [b ] b xu exploitation 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F (F ) ) (F ) [shì] (= f shì) swear; shìyán oath [zhuàn] gain, profit [zuàn] cheat [yì] labor, required service, (= zhànyì) battle; military service; núyì enslave [pào] soak, bubble; [p o] spongy pàocài pickle; b ngyì pàomò foam Hany [nì] go against, disobey, be contrary to; „ nì y n cídi n Reverse Chinese-English dictionary [ i] short (not tall), low; izi dwarf [diào] hang, lift up, let down with rope, crane, mourn, revoke [tián] fill, stuff, fill in (form) [ji ] good, fine, praise [zhú] [shà] [Xià] làzhú candle dàshà tall building, mansion Xiàmén Amoy x yáng the setting sun shu il o decrepit; [x ] evening, sunset; [shu i] shu iruò weak, feeble; shu ituì fail, decline [cu ] d ngcu rank, grade [yè] fluid, (= yèt ) liquid [Xu ] [p ] fall forward; di np fall (down), fall into disgrace [pú] (F ) púrén servant [mài] step, stride, old [ch ] (= [j n] (= yách ) tooth j nshèn) cautious, sincerely 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 (F ) (F ) (F ) [chéng] to present; submit a report [áng] (= chéngxiàn appear; chéngbào ángsh u) hold one's head high, high, soaring ch oxi transcribe [ch o] copy search and confiscate; [mí] [k ] (= [t ] (= mímiàn fill the air; k uk ) thirsty; t zi) ladder, (= míb make up for, remedy k wàng thirst for, long for lóut ) stairs [sh ] sparse, scanty; [hào] (= mouse, rat xi ohào, = sh hu carelessness hàofèi) consume; hàozi dèngy n [dèng] open (one's eyes) wide, stare, glare; stare, stare down [chì] páichì reject; chìzé denounce [ku ] brag; ku dà exaggerate y ndì cigarette butt; bóchì refute, denounce, reject, [dì] stem of a fruid; [ji n] (= y ndì clitoris ji nd o) scissors [q ] marry (a woman), take a wife, get married [hén] hénjì mark, trace, vestige; sh nghén scar [fú] not [Yáo] [zhài] debt [tu ] appropriate, ready [lí] b li glass; liúlí coloured glaze [t o] pull out, fish out (from pocket, etc.), dig 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 (F ) [sh ] (= [chà] ) brake, stop chànà instant, split second shu j ng (rock) crystal; j ngyíng sparkling j ngt gu n [j ng] bright; transistor; [zh ng] inner feelings, middle; zh ngx n wholehearted; wú dòng yú zh ng indifferent, unconcerned (F ) [f ] (= [lù] deer [tà] make rubbings from stone/bronze [tuò] open up, develop [zhuó] tall, , (= (F ) zhuóyuè) outstanding pífu) skin; f sè color of skin [zhèng] disease; jiànwàngzhèng amnesia [zh ng] zh ngjié crucial reason, obstruction of the bowels [táng] sugar, (= sour tánggu ) candy; tángcù sweet and q npèi) admire; 2030 2031 (F ) [q n] by the emperor himself, respect, (= q nch i imperial envoy [mián] [mi n] unbroken; soft sponge 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 (F ) [l ] [l ] (= Y ngl ) Britittish mile (F ) [yòu] guide, lead, lure [k ] withered, dried up, dull [xi ] have a rest; [sù] model, mould; jiànxi intermission sùliào plastic; sùxiàng statue bùfáng [fáng] (= fáng'ài) hinder, impede, harm; might as well, no harm in... [yù] short name for Henan; yóuyù hesitate 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 (F ) (F ) [yì] press down, restrain; [sh n] [gùn] ( sh nhú coral; ) rod, stick; yìzhì restrain, inhibition sh nhúji o coral reef gu igùn walking stick [jìn] enter, advance, promote, a dynasty (265-420), , short name for Shanxi province [lín] pour, drench; b ngqilín ice cream [lìn] strain, filter [l n] sh l nl n drenched [yuè] (= x yuè) happy, joyful, delighted D nhuáng (in [d n] d nhòu honest, sincere; Gansu) [duì] ancient vessel (F ) [yàn] beauteous, amorous, (= respendent; [b ] xi nyàn bright (color) 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 yànlì) gorgeous, b li glass [zá] strike, smash, break [r ng] shout, yell [r ng] r ngrang shout [máng] (= mángmù) blind, unable to distinguish; mángdòng act blindly [biàn] distinguish, differentiate [gé] kudzu vine, grass-cloth [G ] ¬ [h n] rarely, seldom [han] ¬ x han rare, cherish [j ] (carpenter's square); [y ng] yóuy ng swim j zhèn matrix [zhái] residence, house (F ) [dài] borrow, (= dàiku n) lend, loan 2059 [b ng] upper arm, (= ji nb ng) shoulder; õ wing; [p ng] swell [páng] pánggu ng urinary bladder [ni ] hold between the fingers, knead, fabricate (F (F ) ) [j ng] (= [g ng] [jiàn] [bó] (= (F (F ) ) j ngxiàng) neck bóg ngr nape put into practice; bózi) neck trample chìb ng 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 [g ] merchant [Ji ] [jiào] sedan chair; [pí] spleen; jiàoch car píqi (bad-) temper 2067 [b o] (= b ol i), fort, fortress; chéngb o castle [b ] (= b zi) walled town/village (used mostly in place names) [pù] walled town/village (used mostly in place names) (F ) [ji o] graceful, delicate; [Zhè] ji onèn tender and lovely 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 Zhèji ngsh ng Zhejiang Province [liè] bad, inferior, minor (F (F ) ) [xi o] deep and clear water; unrestrained xi os natural & [cì] give, grant, gift (from superior to inferior) [tuó] tuóluó top (spiraling toy); j xù save; tuóluóyí gyroscope ch xù deposit [xù] store, save, grow; (F (F ) ) [fén] grave, tomb [sòng] praise, song, ode; g sòng sing the praises of 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [lòu] (= [Háng] lòushu ) leak out Hángzh u [máo] straw, thatch; ( máoc o) grass for thatching; báimáo edible wild grass [zhu n] brick [shùn] wink; eye shùnji n a moment, in the twinkling of an [hè] crane (emblem of longevity) [bì] monarch; fùbì restore a dethored monarch or old order [pì] k ipì open up, start (F ) [yú] to fish; [gu i] clever, (= yúmín fisherfolk; yúyè fishery gu igu i) obedient, well-behaved bàzhàn sieze [bà] overlord, tyrant, dominate; [xi ng] (= xi ngzhù) assist, help [ch o] stir fry, saute; ch ofàn fried rice; "chow mein", fried noodles [y ] mute, dumb, hoarse [y ] , ah, oh [p ] riverside, river mouth (mostly used in place names), [b ng] cake; b ngg n cracker, cookie x sh ng sacrifice [x ] sacrificial animal; [t n] (= h it n) beach, sands [d ng] a nail, to follow closely [dìng] to nail [yù] plead, (= h yù) appeal [x ] x x panting, puffing hard [y ] 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 (F (F ) ) (F (F ) ) [x ] tin (Sn) [zèng] (= zèngsòng) give as a present [h ng] hubbub [h ng] fool, coax [hòng] horseplay [líng] bell [wán] stupid, stubborn, naughty; wángù obstinate [zhí] propagate, (=U fánzhí) breed, reproduce, colonize; zhímíndì colony [shi] g shi skeleton (F ) [y ng] hawk, eagle [Cài] , sacrificial tortoise [cu ] urge, hurry, hasten [fú] [b n] fúróng cottonrose hibiscus, lotus b nb n refined, urbane wánqiáng indomitable; 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 (F ) (F (F ) ) [p n] (= ) put/piece together, spell, risk life [pàn] abandon and ignore [gu ] track, rail, course, path; gu dào orbit [y ] Oh! [yo] [y o] ouch [qiàn] apology; be sorry [d ng] stare at [shuò] very large; shuòshìxuéwèi Master's degree dàoqiàn apologize; bàoqiàn regret, 2113 [r ] offend, ask for (trouble); trouble [qì] (= [qiè] another r máfán excite or invite qìyu ) contract, legal agreement qièkuò long separation, to be separated from one yúch n) foolish, stupid 2114 2115 2116 (F ) [yú] make a fool of, dupe, (= [shuài] commander in chief, graceful [huáng] afraid, fearful, (= huángk ng) alarmed, anxious, uneasy, (= y uhuáng, (= huánghuò) apprehensive; scared, alarmed [hàn] (= yíhàn) regret, sorry sh n l ny o stretch oneself 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123 2124 2125 2126 2127 2128 2129 2130 (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) [l n] lazy, sluggish; [yí] aunt (mother's sister), sister-in-law (wife's sister) [chu n] (= asthma chu nqì) pant, gasp for breath; qìchu n [shòu] beast, wild animal, (= uncivilized [mò] path between fields, (= mòsh ngrén stranger y shòu) beastly, crude, mòsh ng) strange; º (F ) [zhào] cover, hood, overalls, cage [liè] (= hound d liè) hunt, chase; lièren hunter; lièg u [s ng] lofty (mountain); [yán] salt S ngsh n mountain in Hénán [j ] starve, be hungry, famine; [q ] cold, chilly, sad; wretched [hóu] (= j 'è hunger, starvation qc n q liáng desolate; hóulóng) throat, larynx 2131 2132 2133 2134 2135 2136 2137 2138 2139 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) [yàn] (= yànhuì) banquet [qi ng] cavity, tune, pitch, accent, speech [hàn] writing brush, writing [x ] (= x gài) knee Shís nlíng the 13 Ming tombs f ngfáng [líng] hill, mound, tomb; [f ng] bee, wasp; beehive [luó] patrol; [p ] chop, split [p ] divide, split [lián] honest, clean, low-priced [gu ] bind, wrap; [ji o] severe, (= [fàn] mìf ng honeybee; luóji logic b ogu bundle, package ji o'ào) arrogant, proud fànmài deal in, traffic, peddle huìhuà drawing, painting fànzi dealer; (Fp) [huì] paint, draw; [yá] (= yábì) precipice, cliff [chén] time, day, occasion, celestial bodies, 2-hr period; x ngchén star [yá] ti nyá edge of world; profession sh ngyá career, [g ] ancient Chinese weapon similar to dagger axe or halberd [k ng] hole, pit [zh ] cover, hide, block [qín] capture, catch, seize [mán] quite, very, fierce, (= mánhèng unreasonable y mán) barbaric; 2152 2153 2154 2155 2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163 2164 2165 2166 2167 2168 (F ) [zh ] báizh root of Dahurian Angelica [d ] stop up, block, , ; yì d qiáng a wall [gù] (= gùy ng) hire, employ; gùyuán employee [w n] draw, pull, roll up; (cart/carriage); lament [mián] ( shuìmián) sleep; gùzh employer; ) pull w njiù rescue; (F d ngmián hibernate [w n] kiss, animal's mouth, muzzle, lips [xiào] filial, filial piety, mourning [bó] at anchor, moor, berth [p ] húp lakes [s ] rip, tear; s hu tear apart [x ] tíx arouse attention, help and guide [hóng] (= c ihóng) rainbow [jiàng] rainbow [xù] chat, (= [cuì] (= xùshù, = xùshì) narrate, relate chúncuì) pure, unadulterated mi nqi ng force; with difficulty jiéjìn) use up, [mi n] make an effort; [jié] (= exhaust jiélì) do one's utmost, (= [w i] crooked, askew, inclined, devious [shèn] cautious, careful [k ] ; tree [p ] (F ) (= p sù) simple [Piáo] [pò] pòshù Chinese hackberry [p ] p d o a type of long knife [xiè] machinery, (= j xiè) mechanical; qìxiè yí kè shù a 2169 2170 apparatus 2171 2172 2173 2174 2175 2176 2177 2178 2179 2180 2181 2182 2183 2184 2185 2186 2187 2188 (F ) (F ) [x ] (= [lì] x liú) brook, small stream mòli jasmine; mòli hu chá jasmine tea b nm zebra k tóu kowtow; k pèng collide [b n] spot, speck, stripe; [k ] knock against; with [gu ] few, scant, tasteless; gu fu widow; chénmògu yán habitually silent [xún] follow, abide by; [zh n] chop [lüè] take by force, (= lüèduó) pillage, plunder; ( lüèguò) sweep past [lü ] sweep/brush past, snatch away (F ) [L ] [x ] (= [ji o] (= x rì) former times, the past; ji oq , = w ngx in the past xúnhuán circulate, cycle jiaowài) suburbs, outskirts juéshì knight; nhu sh ng Anhui cídài (magnetic) tape f ch ng dive; ti nf ngyètán the story of [jué] rank of nobility, peerage; juéshì y nyuè jazz [hu ] emblem, badge, insignia; Province [cí] magnetism; cíti magnet; [f ] bow (one's head), bend down; f kàn look down at, overlook [tán] talk, ; Arabian Nights [d ng] ancient cooking vessel, tripod [fú] stroke, touch lightly, whisk, flick, go against (somebody's wishes); fúxi o before daybreak [bì] (= ) assist 2189 2190 2191 2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) [ n] I, we; [s o] (= nmen we (refers to speakers only) dàs o) elder brother's wife, sister-in-law sh upà) handkerchief [pà] kerchies, (= [ g] What?, Huh? [ g] How come?, Why? [?g] O.K., Agreed! [dòng] freeze [w n] gentle, (= [tóng] parasol tree; [luò] (= w nzhu n) tactful, agreeable tóngyóu tung oil luòtuo) camel [p ] splash, spoll, sprinkle; rude and unreasonable; huópo lively [jiàng] artisan [jiang] mùjiang carpenter; [t ng] light boat [qi n] [jì] (= [pú] [cè] (= [si] (= qi nx , qi nxùn modest ti jiàng blacksmith ch ngjì) prostitute, female performer púsà bodhisattva, benevolent being cèsu ) toilet máosi) latrine fúl ) prisoner, captive yìlì willpower; ji nyì determined [fú] capture, (= [yì] resolute; [l ng] mountain, (= sh nl ng) mountain range, ridge; jùnl ng high mountains [y ] fork, bifurcation; [wèi] fear, respect; y tou girl, maid, servant, salve girl wèijù dread; wèisu flinch 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 (F ) (F ) [Xi ng] short name for in Hunan [t ng] bucket Húnán; Xi ng Ji ng a river [s ng] (= s ngzi) throat, (= s ngménr) larynx, voice [huáng] bright, brilliant; Caves [bào] , (= [lì] grain, granule; s ngy n) voice, (= D nhuáng Shík Gansu bàoyú) abalone lìz particle [xiàng] lane, alley [hàng] hàngdào tunnel (in a mine) [lián] flag as shop sign; (F ) curtain [t ] bald, bare, blunt, incomplete [là] (F ) (= làyuè) 12th lunar month, cured (fish/meat/etc.); làcháng sausage; X là Greece [x ] dried meat (F ) [c ng] warehouse [gu i] (= abduct; (F ) gu iw n) turn, change direction, limp, swindle, gu igùn walking stick b ngjià kidnap shénme) 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 [b ng] bind, tie; [shá] (= sházi) what? (= (F ) [jiàn] recommend, grass, straw [ní] , (= du nní) clue [sè] musical instrument with 25 strings [láng] hall (F ) [y ] (= y zi) duck; Táng l oy Donald Duck 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [mì] (= [zh n] f ngmì) honey; zh nduàn diagnose; mìf ng honeybee zh nsu clinic w peng shack [péng] shed, shack, canopy; [xi n] lift (a cover, etc.), surge [t ng] tube; [xí] (= diànt ng flashlight tóngy ngxí child bride xífù) daughter-in-law; [wén] lines, veins, (wood) grain [mi o] second (1/60 of a [zh n] moisten, soak, touch [páng] (= pángdà) colossal, huge minute) [d n] squat on the heels, stay [s o] (= s odòng, = s oluàn) disturb, harass qíshì discriminate li ng s u [qí] (of roads:) fork, branch, divergent; [s u] ; yóuchuán two oil tankers [zh ] iris; I zh ma sesame [huá] clamor, hubbub, (= xu nhuá) noise, clamor [hu ] [m ] sixth of an acre (0.0667 hectares) [quàn] ticket, certificate; rùch ngquàn admission ticket [xuàn] g ngxuàn span of an arch [tàng] [t ng] (= t ng) ford, wade [j n] piece of cloth; wéij n scarf máoj n towel; c nj n napkin; 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [yín] excessive, over, wanton, lewd, licentious [hu ng] lie, prevaricate [mò] quiet; [guàn] pour; [lán] basket; jìmò lonely guàngài irrigate; lánqiú basketball wàngxi ngkuáng paranoia guànmù bush [wàng] absurd, rash; [g ] put [gé] endure [zhí] brother's son, nephew; neice zhún brother's daughter, [xi ng] wing of a house, side, railway carriage [ch ] (= ch zi) fork, intersection, (= ji och ) intersect [chá] obstruct, jam up [ch ] the distance between thumb and middle minger on an outstretched hand [chà] fork, diverge; chàlù crossroad [Yú] , small boat [shù] (= ) [fá] fell, cut down, attack [z i] slaughter, butcher, govern; oppress z ig invade and 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 (F ) (F ) [mán] hide the truth from [zhòu] y zhòu cosmos zh ngliú tumor; yóuq paint; k ngbù terror red and swollen q h i pitch-black [zh ng] swollen; [q ] lacquer, paint; [bù] fear, frightening; [wú] (= y ) I, me 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F (F (F ) ) ) [h u] roar, howl [qiáo] abroad Huáqiáo overseas Chinese; zhédié) fold compatriots [dié] pile up, repeat; ( [xiào] [guàn] (§ h xiào whistle, scream, whizz guàntou) can; jar sìyì) wantonly, shop § [sì] (= sì) four, (= [qún] ( [qì] (= [zhàng] (= [fù] ( qúnzi) skirt k qì) cry, weep, (= ch uqì) sob péngzhàng) swell, expand taxes ) bestow on; compose; [áo] boil, stew; endure [ o] boil, cook in water [chèn] take advantage of; while; advantage of an opportunity [h i] hey [ké] késou cough [yú] [k n] [g ] [j ] yúkuài delighted chéngk n, k nqiè sincere; plead chèn j huì take g fù let down, disappoint j ròu muscle y ng'ér) baby, infant y máo) feather; ð yúmáoqiú badminton [y ng] (= [y ] (=ð ð [g ng] personally; bend at the waist 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 (F ) [bì] execute (kill); qi ngbì execute by shooting j shù restrict; j ji [j ] (= j liú) arrest, detain; overcautious [d ng] sting, bite; say/ask again, verify [wa] qíngti np lì a bolt [Huái] a river in [wàng] prosperous, flourishing; [yì] leisure, escape; (F ) [qióng] beautiful jade; [ji ng] ginger (F (F (F ) ) ) [w ] (sound of whistling, zooming); nyì comfortable, leisurely agar w yè sob, whimper [cuàn] flee, scurry; exile; change wording [b n] proclaim, (= [x n] firewood, fuel, (= [zhài] stockade, camp [niào] [su ] urine, urinate b nf ) promulgate, issue x nshui) salary (F ) [jiá] jaw; cheek [dài] dàib arrest [d i] catch; m o d i l osh a cat catching a mouse 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 (F ) (F ) [b ] fortune telling [bo] húluóbo carrot [zh o] clear, obvious; [jìn] soak [gu ] scrape; [k ] k chi [w n] [zh ] (= gu húzi shave; (F ) (wind) blow colloquial scrape, sponge on w nrán as if; [yu n] zh oxu rehabilitate w nrú just like; zh fu) advise, enjoin, urge, exhort [náng] bag; g gun ngn ng bulging [n ng] n ngchuài pork near the pig's nipples [yù] reside, live; [bó] contradict; [chàng] [ch ng] [yù] (= yùsu residence; bóchì denounce; fable, allegory f nbó refute chàngyì propose ch ngy u entertainer mùyù) take a bath; yùshì bath/shower room [g ] coo, cluck (bird sounds) [nuó] ( [bó] nuódong) move; remove bódòu fight, wrestle; màibó pulse [péng] bitter fleabane, (= péngs ng) fluffy, ; péngbó vigorous [sh ng] part of the day; noon [qú] canal, ditch, channel; [d u] pocket, bag [nán] nánnán mutter irrigation ditch [yí] smooth; wipe out, raze 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 (F (F ) ) [Hù] name for Shanghai [jiàn] inexpensive, cheap, lowly, humble, worthless [pò] [bó] [tuò] qìpò boldness [duò] rudder; helm; [x ] steersman, helmsman q ngx clear, distinct stiff, rigid [ji ng] stiff; numb; deadlocked; [g o] pudding, (= dàng o) cake [yì] descendents, posterity; borderland [zhì] [y ] ( zhìxù order, sequence y kào) lean on; rest against; rely on [t ] collapse; sink; calm down [hu ng] suddenly, as if (F ) [g u] ( g uzi) hook [cháo] cháoxiào ridicule, laugh at; cháof ng sneer at, taunt, mock; cháonòng mock, deride [bàng] be close to; [yù] abundant, affluent; [zh ] boil, cook [r ] milk, breast; [wù] do not! (F (F ) ) [shù] vertical, perpendicular; vertical stroke " " [chéng] chastise, punish, correct, repress; restrain oneself b r breast-feed; r lào cheese bàngw n toward evening, at nightfall fùyù rich, wealthy, opulent 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (Fj) [d ] look at, observe; [zh ] tree-trunk; to wait for a rabbit [xiù] embroider; [y o] ( [yà] mùd see with one's own eyes sh uzh dàitù guarding a tree-trunk embroidered portrait y oráo charming, enchanting y omó) demon; amazed [k ] (used in transliterations) [g ] g lí curry k f i coffee [g ng] fishing net rope; guiding principle; [t i] foetus, birth, (= [b n] water) seashore; program lúnt i) tire (of a wheel) b nlín to be close to (a body of [g ng] to plough, till [ch ] sneer [c ng] (ship) cabin [yú] [f i] (= [y ] yúlè amuse, amusement, recreation t f i) bandit, brigand, robber; w y crow; y piàn opium f itú gangster [wèi] stomach; wèik u appetite [zào] rash, impetuous [sh ] (= sh zi) lion [p ng] bang (sound) [n ] n r girl 2367 (F ) [l n] cold; strict; afraid; shiver, tremble with cold or fear [gu ] ( ) tortoise; turtle 2368 (F ) [j n] j nlì fissure (of parched earth) [Qi ] Qi cí Kucha, a historic town at the northern rim of the Taklamakan Desert [lu ] lu t nude; stark-naked; bright red exposed 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380 2381 2382 2383 2384 2385 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F) (F (F ) ) (F ) [y n] handsome, beautiful; [f ] only, curtesy name [yáo] kiln; ( [táng] dike, (= ) cave dwelling chítáng, = shu táng) pool [xi n] fiber [qiàn] rope for towing boat [ch ng] love, bestow favor on [liàn] ( liànzi) chain; zipper; hinge [g ng] arch, cup one hand in other before chest, push with no hands [y n] ancient title for government official; (surname) [jué] dig, excavate [bà] dam; dyke, embankment [xiá] (= xiázh i, = xiá'ài) narrow míngkè inscription, engrave on [míng] engrave, carve; one's mind [chún] chúnp honest, simple, unsophisticated mùyù bathe [mù] wash one's hair; [x n] pervasive fragrance 2386 2387 [P n] [shu i] swing back and forth, toss, get rid of, leave behind {Compare with yòng use} [b ng] posted list of names, announcement, notice; example, model [bàng] (= ) oar, whip, rod (F ) [yu n] [xiàn] ß [w ] sh nyu n abyss xiànmù envy, admire w r insult, humiliate 2388 2389 2390 2391 2392 2393 2394 2395 2396 2397 2398 2399 2400 2401 2402 2403 2404 2405 (F ) (F ) ß [q ng] minister or high official in ancient times [wù] ( [xu n] [l ] shoes [hóu] (= hóuzi) monkey yu nwang do wrong, treat chènsh n shirt ) towering; bald make noise; xu nh shout loudly [w ng] crooked; pervert; unjustly [chèn] line, to place underneath, lining; [pàn] border of a field; shore, side, bank [dèng] stool, bench; [mi n] remote, long ago; Mi ndiàn Burma [xián] string of musical instrument [xù] (= [chù] xùmù) raise (domestiv animals) chùsheng beast [x ] smashed rice [yì] overflow; yángyì be permeated with 2406 2407 2408 2410 2411 2412 2413 2414 2415 2416 2417 2418 2419 2420 2423 2425 2428 2429 2430 (F ) [l u] hug; drag, pull [l u] hold in the arms [q ] q gài beggar; q t o beg shàngxún first ten days of a [xún] a period of ten days; month (F8) (F (F ) ) [fù] tie up, bind [càn] cànlàn splendid, magnificent yúlùn public opinion [yú] chariot; area; [yàn] [juàn] (= dàyàn wild goose píjuàn) tired, weary chóuxiè thank with a gift; y yùn) rhyme; radiant and enchanting yùnwén [chóu] reward, payment; bàochou reward (F ) [yùn] tone, charm, appeal, (= verse [mèi] [d ] dyke; ( w mèi lovely; d 'àn) embankment p nd ng clamber up dàoqiè steal [p n] climb; pull down; (F ) [qiè] qièt ng eavesdrop; [nèn] tender, delicate, light, inexperienced [suì] satisy, fulfil, succeed; suìx n fulfill one's desire [suí] bànsh nbùsuí parlysis in half the body [chéng] transparent, clear [dèng] settle [d ng] huángd ngd ng glistening yellow, golden (F (F ) ) [zh n] [Sh n] scout, reconnoitre; detective Sh nx sh ng Shaanxi Province 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2441 2443 2444 2445 2447 2449 2451 2452 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) [lòu] ch ulòu ugly heavy, cumbersome [bèn] stupid; clumsy; cumbersome; [shi] yàoshi key [chí] spoon [mò] (= mòr) foam, froth; tuòmo saliva pàomò foam, froth; g os ng stand tall [s ng] towering, lofty; alarm, shock; [c i] step [jiàng] sauce, paste, jam; jiàngyóu soy sauce; hu sh ngjiàng peanut butter [hú] kettle, pot, bottle [f i] [lù] [liù] [l ] k f i coffee roll; busy; mediocre [y ng] itch [b ] I, me, my, vulgar; [ké] shell, case [qiào] shell, hard surface [zh n] ( , ) loyal; virgin; ancient fortune-telling d oméi have bad luck b shì despise, disdain [méi] mold, mildew; [ch n] ( [lú] [l ] [g ] [gé] [g ] yúch n) stupid lúw i reed; g bo arm; tickle húlu gourd g bei arm 2453 2455 [y ] 2456 2457 2459 2460 2462 2463 2464 2465 2467 2468 2469 2470 2472 2473 2475 2477 2480 2481 2482 2483 (F ) (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) [yàn] [jí] [j ] [qiú] hu yàn flame jíliangg backbone w j ridge of roof qiújìn imprison; qiúfàn prisoner f d o coach, tutor; f zhù [f ] assist, complement; assist, auxiliary; f y n consonant [zhàng] account, credit, debt [zu ] assist [liáo] (= gu nliáo) official, (= tóngliáo) colleague [què] sparrow [qi o] qi ozi freckle [qi o] qi omangy n night blindness [zhuàn] write, compose [shu ] play (role/tricks/etc.), play with, gamle, make fun of, [zh n] ( ) pillow [ji n] pick up, gather, collect [hán] ( ) culvert; hány ng self-control; conserve [dòu] stop, pause, tease, play with [fèn] excrement, manure [méng] [g n] liver [zh ng] evaporate, (= [làn] (= [kuài] ( zh ngqì) steam lànyòng abuse ménglóng dim moonlight, obscure fànlàn) overflow, flood; ) chopsticks 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2494 2495 2497 2498 2499 2500 2501 2503 2504 2505 2506 2510 2511 (F (F ) ) [kuì] (dam) burst; break through; [huì] [lì] núlì slave; collapse; ulcer lìsh official script [k o] bake, roast, toast ˜ [g ng] jar, vat [g ng] bow; bend; [tán] deep pool, pond g ngjiàn bow and arrow (F ) [kuàng] vast; to waste time; [ i] (interjection:) hey; [ i] [jùn] yánjùn stern; iy ; wilderness iy jùnl ng high mountains [zh o] claw, talon [zhu ] claw, paw, talon [qiè] ( d nqiè) timid; cowardly; Þ xi qiè shy màomì [mào] profuse, (= dense màoshèng) luxuriant; [máng] awn, beard, arista, spike, sharp point [wáng] màiwáng awn of wheat [zh ] zh t limbs; the Four Limbs; forelimb [dào] growing rice, paddy [tù] ( [j ] [sè] [yù] tùzi) rabbit l j refuse, garbage lèsè refuse, garbage b yù analogy; y nyù metaphor [kuàng] frame; case; circle (Fv) [ji o] hand in, pay [zhuó] silk string attached to an arrow for shooting birds 2512 2513 2515 2516 2518 2519 2520 2521 2523 2524 2525 2526 2527 2529 2530 2531 2534 2536 2539 2540 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (F ) [d o] skip; step; w d o dance [shào] whistle; chirp; sentry post [y ng] x ny ng new and original, novel [jú] chrysanthemum [k ] (sound of coughing or vomiting) [zhu ng] adorn oneself; [y n] flood; drown táocí ceramics ) form sediment; settle; precipitate; làzhú) candle bride's trousseau [cí] porcelain, china; [diàn] shallow water; (F diànf n starch [là] wax, polish, yellowish, (= [jué] j jué chew [jiáo] chew [jiào] (F ) [jì] dose [guàng] stroll, ramble, roam [zhòu] gallop; [sh ] hot weather; bùzhòu procedure; zhòurán suddenly (sh jià) summer vacation y j n front of Chinese [j n] front of garment, bros. in law; jacket [lú] hut, cottage [píng] pínggu apple [shài] roast in sun [dào] , , mourn, grieve 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2550 2551 2552 2553 2555 2557 2558 2559 2560 2561 2563 2564 2565 2567 2568 (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) (F ) (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) [mèi] no sun; dark; obscure; hidden; to feign [l ng] approach; hold together; comb (hair) [hán] letter; function [lóng] [l ng] hánjiàn correspondence; ménglóng dim moonlight; obscure fánshù (math) [ji o] glue, gum, rubber, stick, sticky [sh ] express, convey; [p ng] p ng on. crack (of rifle/etc.); {Compare with b ng soldier} [f ng] satirize, mock p ngp ng pingpong [d i] bad, evil, vicious [hàn] dry land; drought [pú] pútao grape; pútaoji grape wine wéiy only, sole [wéi] only, alone, think, ponder, [ji n] choose, select, pick out [g ng] upright g ngg ng brilliant; dedicated; èrshí) ): g ngzhí [niàn] twenty (same as [zhu ng] stake, pile; ( [y ] 2nd in sequence [yáo] ballad; yáoyán rumor, hearsay zhuìzi weight; ear pendant; [zhuì] fall; weigh down; ballad [zhì] stagnant, sluggish 2569 2570 2571 2572 2573 2575 2576 2577 2578 2581 2583 2584 2586 2587 2588 2589 2590 2591 2592 2593 2594 (F (F ) ) (F (F (F ) ) ) (F ) (F ) [yùn] [sòng] [sh ] ( pregnant; conceive; contraception recite from memory ) comb; to comb [g ng] ridge of a hill [fèi] (= fèizàng) lung [wán] pill, pellet, ball [shu ng] (= [zh ] (= [sh ] yarn; shu ngdòng) frost zh yè) juice; gu zh fruit juice miánsh cotton yarn military rank [xián] hold in mouth; hold inside; rank; [nì] greasy, oily; smooth; ( nìfan) disgusted, fed up [diàn] (ancient) suburb; pasture [di n] chéndi ndi n heavy [pí] píji beer [k n] bank, ridge [jià] to plant, (= [hé] grain; zhu ngjia) crops hémiáo seedlings [lèng] distracted, stupified [l ng] [zh ] (= [táo] yóuzh ) oil, grease; pútao grape zh fáng fat, grease [l o] dredge for, fish for, scoop up out of water [ji o] disturb, annoy, (= ) stir, mix, agitate, 2596 2597 2598 2599 2600 2601 2602 2603 2607 2609 2611 2612 2614 2616 2617 2619 2620 2621 2622 2624 (F ) (F (F ) ) (F ) [xiè] fragments, bits and pieces; minute; trivial [s n] ( [dié] [zhù] ( [q ] ) umbrella; húdié butterfly; ) casting, founding body, stature; body zhìqì childishness , parachute diéy ng chrysalis [zhì] young, immature, childish; [x ng] flesh; fishy; x ngchòu rancid, stinking [téng] cane, rattan; vine [d u] steep; suddenly; d uqiào precipitous rè) [tàng] hot (burning hot to the touch, cf. [lí] pear; pineapple [ó] [ò] Oh! [é] softly chant (F ) [ji ng] syrup, starch [jiàng] (= jiàng) thick (of porridge etc.) [pì] pìjìng secluded; pi npì out-of-the way [f ng] lane [fáng] workshop, mill [y n] absent-minded [xì] gap; crack; rift; loophole [táo] wash, clean; táoqì naughty; táotài eliminate [ku ] collapse, break down [t o] t ot o torrential; talk on and on 2627 2628 2629 2631 2634 2636 2637 2638 2640 2642 2643 2645 2648 2649 2650 2654 2657 2658 2659 (F (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) ) [niàng] brew, ferment, wine, (= breed [é] goose; q 'é penguin niàngchéng) result in, [z ] this; now; year [cí] [d o] pound, beat; harass; [dòng] ridgepole [gu ] [gui] méigui rose d oluàn make a disturbance [ch ng] spacious; open [ái] (= (F”) (F ) áizhèng) cancer cable car glimmer, twinkle yellow rose [l n] cable; [shuò] shining; [méi] méigui rose; (F ) [zhà] cheat, swindle; pretend, feign [shà] evil spirit; shàbái deathly pale [sh ] stop, (= sh , = sh ) kill [mó] membrane, film; [fén] ( ji omó cornea (of eye) fénsh o) burn, set on fire [zh n] to glue, to paste [nián] (= nián) sticky [cu ] break, (= [yì] cu hu , = cu cán) destroy w nyì pestilence mi nyì immunity; [zhuàng] ( ) (for buildings) [chuáng] pennant; Buddhist pillar 2660 2662 2664 2667 2668 2671 2673 2675 2683 2684 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2694 2696 2698 2700 2701 (F ) (F ) (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) (F ) [r ] you, thou [t n] ( t nzi) blanket; ( dìt n) carpet, rug [cuò] setback, (= [f ng] spin yarn; spinning wheel [xi ] cuòzhé) frustrate, defeat f ngzh spin and weave; f ngch f xi decayed, rotten [chuí] hammer [duì] exchange, convert, add (water etc.); convert, exchange [biàn] braid [duò] fall, sink; duòluò degenerate, sink low duìhuàn [dí] bamboo flute, whistle [mì] seek; look for; demand [bì] cover, shelter, hide; [xié] in harmony [máng] liúmáng hoodlum [méng] common people [miè] [fèi] q ngmiè scornful fèiténg boiling; boiling point y nbì conceal oneself; covert [jí] lángjí in disorder [jiè] (= jiè) borrow, lend [xiè] unload, discharge; remove; shirk [x ] extinguish, put out, go out; [bi n] flat; inscription; [pi n] x miè go out, die out bi ndan carrying pole 2702 2703 2704 2706 2709 2711 2712 2713 2714 2716 2719 2724 2725 2726 2732 2733 2738 2740 2742 2743 2746 (F ) (F ) [tàn] charcoal [k ng] high-spirited; [péng] sail; [zh ] wink, blink [pì] [d o] [t o] [sh ] [chóu] ( pìrú for instance, for example d odao chatter t ogu ng much obliged sh cài vegetable s chóu) silk k ngk i fervent; liberal, generous zhàngpéng tent [xù] son-in-law [liáo] few, empty, vacant, lonely [ji o] irrigate, water; pour liquid on; [p ng] bang; {Compare with p ngp ng pingpong b ng soldier} ointment [g o] yág o toothpaste; [gào] lubricate [táng] ( [zuó] [zhuó] ) chest; chamber zuómo ponder zhuómó polish [p ] (sound:) bang [sh ] kind and gentle [b ] (= ) [bì] bìbìng malady, evil; drawback; pros and cons [zào] stove; kitchen [cù] vinegar; be jealous (in love affair) 2747 2754 2755 2760 2761 2762 2763 2765 2766 2767 2769 2772 2773 2776 2780 2783 2786 2787 2790 2791 2793 (F ) (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) (F ) (F ) [b n] (variant of b n) [diàn] establish; give offerings to the dead [tún] ( ) village; collect péngzhàng expand, swell be reduced to [péng] expand, inflate; [lún] sink; lúnxiàn fall (to enemy); (FN) [l ] thread; strand; [r ng] (= lánl shabby, ragged t r ng) soil [y ] smelt (metal) [xiá] leisure; [róu] rub, knead [luó] vine; luóbo radish; b luó pineapple [xiáng] circle in the air [zh ] [lì] ( zh zh spider lìzi) chestnut; (F ) tremble húluóbo carrot; kòngxiá spare time; bùxiá be too busy ý [yìn] shady [y n] (= ) [j ] j xiào mock; j f ng ridicule ) onion, scallion [c ng] green, (= [g ng] g nggù consolidate [zh u] porridge, gruel, congee [yù] (= ) sell, vend [zh i] vegetarian religious diet, give alms, room or building [qì] qìj n hitherto, up to now, so far 2794 2796 2800 2801 2802 2803 2805 2806 2809 2810 2813 2815 2824 2825 2827 2828 2833 2835 2842 (F ) [zhì] qízhì banner, flag, stand, position , germ [j n] fungus, bacterium; [jùn] mushroom (F (F (F (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) ) ) ) [qi n] lead (Pb); [huì] ( qi nb pencil give a bribe huìlù) bribe; [róng] down; velvet; floss [l ] companion, associate [duàn] forge; [qi n] [xi ng] duànliàn exercise qi nzé condemn xi ngy ng turbulent to elaborate [f ] apply (powder, ointment, etc.); spread; [xi o] night; t ngxi o throughout the night; Yuánxi ojié Lantern Festival (F (F ) ) [huì] hide; avoid; name of deceased person [luó] gong [hàn] shake, shock, vibrate [h ng] successful, go smoothly, henry [t ng] drip (water or blood), shed (tears), trickle (sweat) [káng] carry on the shoulder [g ng] lift with both hands [sh n] China fir [sh ] sh g o fir scaffold-pole [zào] dry; g nzào dry, dull; k zào boring 2846 2848 2849 2851 2853 2854 2858 2861 2864 2865 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 (F ) [yún] to divide evenly; to spare; even [mi o] indistinct tiny, negligible; mi ománg distant and saucer; frisbee, UFO [dié] small plate or dish; [qiàn] xi ngqiàn inlay, set, mount féiwò) fertile; wòy fertile land [wò] irrigate; ( [p u] cut/slit open, (= section, sectional view; ji p u) dissect; p umiàn cross p ux analyse, dissect [j ] honorable woman, concubine, (F ) [chuò] chuòhào nickname [ch o] grab; take up [su ] (F (F (F ) ) ) [ji o] twist; du suo tremble, shiver strangle; death by hanging [zhóu] axle; axis; spool [zhòu] [l i] build by piling up stones etc.; [zào] zàosh ng noise yùncáng contain, hold in store softball (F ) [yùn] [Shào] [z ] (= z nme) how [zé] bite [zh ] how?, what?, why?; zh hu bluster, show off [zhà] bite; zhàshé cluck with the tongue (in surrprice/etc.), to be left speechless {Compare with zuó yesterday} [píng] level ground; (F ) c opíng lawn gùy ng hire 2874 2880 2886 [y ng] hire, (= y ngrén) servant; [yòng] (= yòngj n) commission 2888 2890 2893 2895 2899 2900 2903 2904 2907 2908 (F ) (F ) [lu n] ( ) egg, ovum; lu ncháo ovary [zhòu] daytime [bi ] check, restrain, suppress; suffocate, feel depressed [kuí] (used in transliterations) [w ] seal, cover, muffle [wú] [ji n] to fry [ch u] see, look at [qiu] [shí] lose; erode, corrode [róng] fuse, smelt, ( [xi ] shrimp; fried rice [há] (= ); [miù] [sh n] rónghuà) melt; róngyán lava xi ch ofàn shrimp kuíníng quinine lóngxi lobster; háma frog, toad (F ) 2911 2914 2923 2925 2928 2929 2932 2935 (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) hu ngmiù absurd; miùlùn fallacy sh nshì gentleman, gentry [xi ng] inlay; edge [lóng] ( rlóng) deaf [mù] raise, recruit (F (F (F ) ) ) [l ng] ridge or raised path in field; [yàn] man of virtue and ability [qiào] hold up; qiào w iba "to hold up the tail" = to be/get cocky, to be snobbish and self-important [qiáo] raise one's head; become warped monopolize 2936 2937 2960 2967 2968 2970 2972 2973 2974 2978 2982 2983 2994 2997 3000 (F (F ) ) (F (F (F (F ) ) ) ) [p ] lie prone; lean over [xìng] apricot; almond bi ozh ng commend, ch nshù expound [zh ng] obvious, apparant; showy; cite [ch n] [sòng] [sh ] ch nmíng clarify; sùsòng lawsuit sh ni pivot, axis [zh n] towering; completely new [pú] cattail, [xiè] zh nx n brand-new, come down in torrents; laxative qínji n xiàngji o [ji n] economical, (= industrious and thrifty [xiàng] (= rubber; [róng] (= [pù] ji np ) frugal; xiàngshù) oak, rubber tree; xiàngpí eraser, rubber rónghuà) dissolve; pùbù waterfall (chemical) solution [b ] hold on to; dig up; rake; strip [pá] rake up; stew, braise [ch n] treasure
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