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Cultural heritage, curation & creativity

Week 03 - Heritage, creativity & the public

if its our heritage, who are the we?

1937 Bunreacht na hEireann


Act 2 - It is the entitlement and birthright of every person born in the island of Ireland, which includes its islands and seas, to be part of the Irish Nation. That is also the entitlement of all persons otherwise qualied in accordance with law to be citizens of Ireland. Furthermore, the Irish nation cherishes its special afnity with people of Irish ancestry living abroad who share its cultural identity and heritage.

1999 heritage awareness survey


The term heritage is generally associated in the public mind with the past, history and the historic built environment, as well as the cultural dimension such as music and language. It is far less readily associated with the natural environment and landscape, and the wildlife that inhabits it.

demographic changes
immigration apprx. 10% non-Irish born (419,733) integration & racial tensions 2004 citizenship referendum with Europe coming together, its important to keep your own image. 35-45 year old, Dublin

2005 Wicklow Heritage Survey


When it comes to dening heritage, the vast majority of people in Wicklow (71%) equate protecting Wicklow's heritage with protecting our identity" and this is closely associated with 'protecting our roots', with almost eight out of every ten people expressing pride in their heritage.

2007 heritage awareness survey


Its from our past, its dead. 12-14 year old, Dublin. Its our ancestors and what they did years and years ago, the way they lived 45-55 year old, Sligo. The language, history, knowing where weve come from or what has made Irish people what they are. 35-45 year old, Dublin When people ask you about your heritage, you automatically think of where you come from yourself 18-25, female, Tralee. If you just say heritage you think locally, if you say Irish heritage, you think nationally. 50+ year old, Co. Galway What makes us different from other countries.

2007 heritage awareness survey


Development has caused increased concern over preservation of heritage Increased awareness corresponding to increased threat (same as defensive stance found in 1999) (lack of strategic plan) Preserving the true essence vs. overly commercialising Exposure to heritage engenders national pride and teaches us about our ancestors One in 4 Irish people vs. the public

Changing attitudes
1999 Survey Identity (what it means to be Irish) Conservative/conservationist Wicklow 2005 Identity / roots 2007 Survey National pride (who we are - one in four Irish people) Conservative/conservationist Social change - no mention of demographics of immigration, foreign nationals, asylum seekers or stateless peoples Academic texts of Irish heritage or heritage in Ireland lack of engagement with immigration or multi-culturalism

Heritage and social power


Owernership/Responsibility the people in power 15-16 year old school girl, Galway Its their responsibility and not really mine directly. 35-45 year old, Dublin The national heritage (HC 2007) The countrys inheritance (Heritage of Ireland 2000) Authority for the genesis of the idea of the Irish state Self-evident autocratic heritage (vs. democratic heritage)

Integration?
Spatial and Temporal Axis although people be neighbours spatially, it does not follow that they will constitute a community over time (Luke Gibbons 2007) 1999 Recommendation 6 Participation and involvement by the public in heritage activities should be more actively encouraged through funding of local events and community heritage projects Whose locality? Whose community? Whose state?

emerging/ignored heritages
Anna Lo - rst ethnic minority politician elected at a national level in Northern Ireland, and the rst politician born in East Asia elected to any national parliament or assembly in the United Kingdom/EU? 1962 rst Chinese restaurant in N.Ireland Rotimi Adebari - Nigerian asylum seeker elected Portlaoise mayor (2007) 1602 - Jewish mayor of Cork

Implications
An emerging multi-cultural Ireland may result in heightening awareness of the past and our changing traditions/cultures. (HC 2007) Who are the we? (Lentin/McVeigh) Can racism (exclusion) support and strengthen the heritage sector?

Emotions made manifest


Top down integration (assimilation) you can be here if you t into our self-project desire for our lifestyle (food stores, shops - service industry) But anxiety if it threatens sense of self/group identity Fear for legacy (I want my kids to look/act like me) NIMBYism - Not in my back yard Not in my biological yard.

Cultural heritage & identity


Cultural heritage is widely recognised across Europe as a vehicle of cultural identity. How much people know about cultural heritage depends both on what is done to promote it and also on the capacity of Europeans to become familiar with and appreciate their own culture and those of the other EU Member States.

Constitutional racism
Racism without race (Lentin/McVeigh) Absorbed into liberal structures of the state Jure sanguinis Biological/genetic essentialism - conated with heritage/ community - for ownership of spaces and objects Naturalising/reifying hierarchies

Heritages of constitutional racism


2004 Citizenship Referendum 2004 National Monuments Amendment 1995 Heritage Act Heritage Council Policies naturalising/sociailising objects as basis for racial prejudice Potential for Minister to destroy heritage as needed in the public interest What constitutes the public interest? What is to protect inner city/marginalised immigrant heritage? What rights do these peoples have?

UNESCO and diversity


Diversity constitutes the very essence of the different types of heritage - be they monumental, movable, intangible or world heritage. As symbolic spaces for sharing, they provide the most suitable common ground for the promotion of mutual understanding and enrichment between cultures. (UNESCO 2007)

Conservation and conservatism


What kind of state are we integrating into / participating in? What is the civic constitution of the state? What is the civic constitution of heritage?

PROJECT

PLACING VOICES - VOICING PLACES


THE MONTO & CLANBRASSIL ST, DUBLIN
2008-2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

PLACING VOICES - VOICING PLACES


THE MONTO, DUBLIN

PLACING VOICES - VOICING PLACES


THE MONTO, DUBLIN

PLACING VOICES - VOICING PLACES


THE MONTO, DUBLIN - WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

PROJECT

PLACING VOICES - VOICING PLACES


THE MONTO, DUBLIN
2008-2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

PROJECT

PLACING VOICES - VOICING PLACES


THE MONTO, DUBLIN
2008-2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

PROJECT

PLACING VOICES - VOICING PLACES


THE MONTO, DUBLIN
2008-2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

PLACING VOICES - VOICING PLACES


THE MONTO, DUBLIN

PROJECT

CLANBRASSIL ST
2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

PROJECT

CLANBRASSIL ST ZINES
SEAN LYNCH
2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

PROJECT

CLANBRASSIL ST ZINES
SEAN LYNCH
2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

PROJECT

CLANBRASSIL ST ZINES
SEAN LYNCH
2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

PROJECT

CLANBRASSIL ST ZINES
SEAN LYNCH
2009 WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

DATE

THE HOME PROJECT - URSULA RANI SARMA - CLANBRASSIL STREET, DUBLIN


WWW.IARCHITECTURES.COM/THEHOMEPROJECT.HTML - WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

THE HOME PROJECT - URSULA RANI SARMA - CLANBRASSIL STREET, DUBLIN


WWW.IARCHITECTURES.COM/THEHOMEPROJECT.HTML - WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

THE HOME PROJECT - URSULA RANI SARMA - CLANBRASSIL STREET, DUBLIN


WWW.IARCHITECTURES.COM/THEHOMEPROJECT.HTML - WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

THE HOME PROJECT - URSULA RANI SARMA - CLANBRASSIL STREET, DUBLIN


WWW.IARCHITECTURES.COM/THEHOMEPROJECT.HTML - WWW.PLACINGVOICES.COM

diversity does not equal dissonance

HIPNOS
AXIS BALLYMUN, DUBLIN, 2009

LUNITIC
AXIS BALLYMUN, DUBLIN, 2009