The Role of the Director as a Supervisor and Administrator of the Community School Aixa Morales Avellanet Educ 620 Metropolitan University February 3, 2012

States and school districts have also set expectations for principals through their principal evaluation criteria and procedures. Principals are also responsible for facilitating their school's interactions with parents and others in the school community. This responsibility includes working with parents when disciplinary issues arise. With schools facing increased pressure to improve teaching and learning.(PPAA Test Results) Success in leading reforms to increase student achievement often hinged upon a principal's ability to create a shared vision within the school community and success in implementing new organizational structures that engage teachers in shared decision-making. and when parents have concerns. the new roles. Principals also interact with parents who serve on school advisory boards. As the accountability movement gained momentum. the role of the principal changed from school manager to school instructional leader and then to the school reform leader. With this shift in .Principals are responsible for the overall operation of their schools. Some of their duties and responsibilities are delineated by the state or in our case in the Puerto Rico Department of Education. parent/teacher organizations. Principals report that they spent a significant part of their time working with parents of students who have been identified as needing special services through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997 (IDEA). and booster clubs. when students are not succeeding academically. duties and responsibilities of principals expanded further to include the responsibility for leading school reform that would raise student achievement. Principals have discovered that engaging the entire school staff in making decisions results in more commitment to school reform initiatives.

and technology have the potential to change schooling in fundamental ways. athletic events. shops. initiative.role focus. who are in areas where the potential for injury is greater such as labs. and who are in situations (field trips. the need for supervision changes as students mature.) where additional caution is required. As students advance into the higher grades. the development of overall school discipline policies and the enforcement of those policies. the role of the principal in Puerto Rico and many states will likely change. charter schools. As society grows more diverse. and athletic facilities. These characteristics include high energy. . At the elementary level. principals retained their management roles. Principals currently play multiple roles: school manager. One major management responsibility is school safety. The responsibility for supervision remains high for older students who are handicapped. and the assignment of supervisory responsibilities among school personnel. analytical ability. the role of the principal will also change. etc. and the leader of school reform Principals continue to be responsible for the management of their schools even though their primary responsibility has shifted. and common sense. researchers are beginning to look into the principal's role in leading schools that are increasingly diverse As society continues to change and technological advances change the tools available for teaching. tolerance for ambiguity. Vouchers. sense of humor. Research studies have supported the key roles principals play in their school's success and point to other leader characteristics as critical to the principal's success. This responsibility includes ensuring that facilities and equipment are safe and in good working order. principals are cognizant of their responsibility to ensure constant supervision of the very young children in the school. As these changes take place. instructional leader.

1999. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. and Norris.. . The Principal: Creative Leadership for Effective Schools. The Principalship: New Leadership for New Challenges. Patrick M. NJ: Merrill. Seyfarth. Larry W. MD: Scarecrow. 2001.References Jenlink. 4th edition. 2001. 4th edition. Sergiovanni. Lanham. Cynthia J. ed. The Principalship: A Reflective Practice Perspective. Marching into a New Millennium. Thomas J. 2000. Ubben. Upper Saddle River. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Gerald C.. John T. Hughes...

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