2/3/2012

CST 471-2 CST 471-2 Geographic Information System
• 2 Credit course • 30 Lecture/Practical hours (2 hours per week-Thursdays 10.00 ~ 12.00) • Marks – 60% from Continuous Assessments (Quiz/Lab Assignment/Mid Term Test) – 40% from the End Semester Exam • Grades
Range of Marks 91-100 81-90 71-80 61-70 51-60 40-50 25-39 0-24 Grade A+ A B+ B C+ C D E

Content
• • • • • • • Introduction to GIS, Digital mapping concept, Data manipulation and analysis, Output map generation methods, Spatial database management, Spatial references and topology; Geometry networks,

Content
• Creating and editing map topology. • Geo-processing, data preparation and digital terrain/ elevation modeling; • Vector and raster graphic conversion methods to GIS, • Coordinate systems and GPS applications, case studies.

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M. 2005 – Wiley. viii) 2 .. M. it usually refers to a computerised database system for capture.. 2001 – McGraw Hill. K. 1991). and Goodchild. • GIS is most useful when used to perform data analysis (Lee and Wong. B. 2005 – ESRI Press. Booth. 2001. retrieval and manipulation of spatially referenced data such as street address or a census tract (Nedovic-Budic. – Maguire. 2004 – ESRI Press. Dalton. – Mitchell. 1999. analysis and display of spatial data (Huxhold.. ISBN: 1879102064 • Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. ISBN: 1589480910 GIS – Some Definitions • GIS may include manual systems.. ISBN-10:0471204919 • The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis: Geographic Patterns and Relationships. A. and Clark.. – Esri Press. – ESRI Press. storage.. M. Introduction • GIS is capable of assisting the storage. – Chang.. ISBN-10: 1589480813 References • GIS.ISBN: 1589481305 • Fundamentals of GIS.. Batty. – DeMers. 2005.. Mitchell.. retrieval. S. A. -3rd ed. – Crosier. K. ISBN:0072382694 • Getting Started with ArcGIS. however.T. K. S. D. 1999).N. Spatial Analysis and Modeling.2/3/2012 References • Remote Sensing for GIS Managers – Aronoff.

2/3/2012 GIS – Some Definitions • Geographic Information System (GIS) is defined as an information system that is used to input. urban facilities. and Canada in the mid-1960s • Previously been used in natural resources and environmental research • • • • • Why GIS is needed Geo-spatial data are poorly maintained Maps and statistics are out of date Data and information are inaccurate There is no data retrieval service There is no data sharing 3 . in order to support decision making for planning and management of land use. natural resources.S. manipulate. analyze and output geographically referenced data or geospatial data. GIS – SOME DEFINITIONS • application – acts as a problem solving solution – example: water pollution. store. particularly the U. traffic. land management • toolbox – emphasize on the generic aspect of GIS in it’s definition – always used by vendors to maximize their market share The History • First developed in North America. and other administrative records. transportation. environment. retrieve.

analyze and represent • More value added product • Geo-spatial data can be shared and exchanged freely • Productivity of the staff is improved and more efficient • Time and money are saved • Better decisions can be made Properties of real world GIS   • Location • Attributes • Spatial Relationships 4 .2/3/2012 Once a GIS is implemented • Geo-spatial data are better maintained in a standard format • Revision and updating are easier • Geo-spatial data and information are easier to search.

... Output: Display and Reporting Transformation and Analysis Application Area: public admin... which locations satisfy certain conditions) • How has it changed..? (Locational question .? (Trendy question .. identifies geographic occurrence or trends that have changed or in the process of changing) • Which data are related .... what exists at a particular location) • Where is it..2/3/2012 The questions that a GIS is required to answer : • What is at.. computers and displays an optimum path..? (Relational question : analyzes the spatial relationship between objects of geographic features) • What if...... a suitable land. 5 ...... based on model)   GIS System Architecture and Components Data Input Knowledge Base for GIS Computer Science/MIS graphics visualization database system administration security GIS Query Input Geographic Database Geography and related: cartography geodesy photogrammetry landforms spatial statistics.? (Model based question . risky area against disasters etc...... planning geology mineral exploration forestry site selection marketing civil engineering criminal justice Surveying Disaster management The convergence of technological fields and traditional disciplines..? (Conditional question .

2/3/2012 Basic functions of GIS 6 .