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Math Lesson 03

Table Calculations

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Math Lesson 03
Table Calculations 72.0, 5.3
A good numerical presentation counts a lot on the job. Some persons have a knack for making good numerical presentations. Others have to work at it over and over again. (I am one of them.) Work at it if you have to, but get it right. The goal is to help your boss and other colleagues understand the numerical work with least effort. Use the following litmus test. Would a person reading your work cold be able to understand it solo? “Reading it cold” means not knowing up front anything about the calculation. Understanding “solo” means without your or some one else’s help. 71.5, 5.8 At-School versus At-Job 73.8, 5.3 The school calculations do not prepare you for At-Job presentation. At school, a teacher assigns you a problem. You know that it includes all needed data. Your goal is to show that you can match the right answer (that the teacher knows). You do not need to explain the calculation steps. At-job setup is different. There is no teacher and no right answer to match. No distilled data accompanies the question. You must present your answer in a fashion that will convince people that the answer is correct. A Simple Illustration 71.9, 4.6 Background brief. Process yield means good output as a percent of total output. Rejects were 60% of good output. Find the process yield. #1 Typical Schoolwork x / (1 – x) = 60% or x = 0.6 × (1 – x) = 0.6 – 0.6x 1.6 x = 0.6 or x = 0.6 ÷ 1.6 = 37.5% (1 – x) = 62.5% Answer The above is algebra. It doesn’t say what x is or what the calculation is doing. A teacher would probably explain the solution as shown below. #2. Typical Teacher-Presentation Let rejects as fraction of total = x Then yield = fraction good = (1 – x) Given: rejects to good output = x / (1 – x) = 60% Therefore, x = 0.6 × (1 – x) = 0.6 – 0.6x Or 1.6 x = 0.6 Or x = 0.6 ÷ 1.6 = 37.5% Therefore, yield = (1 – x) = 62.5% Answer
08-Jan-2012 Copyright © 2012 by Prem Prakash. All rights reserved.

2. Without it. All rights reserved. The bad news is that it takes discipline and conscious effort and resolve. Labels give meaning to numbers and calculations.2 Table Calculations Math Lesson 03 Now look at the following “Table Calculation” #3. 3. Use algebra only if you must. They may be needed for comparison across companies and across time. j SNo (2) k Label l Quantity m Measuring unit n Comments Enter each data and each calculation step in a separate line.4 (1) Make a table with four or five columns (as needed).6 The good news is that you can acquire the right skills even doing schoolwork. Append “Plus” or “Less” or “Equals” directly to the labels. not just the final answer.3. Table Calculation Good output Plus Rejects = Total output 100.5% Answer Yield (= percent good) = 100/160 = No algebra. the magnitude of the quantity makes no sense. Do all homework as table calculations. . Simple to comprehend for anyone reading it cold.Gauge your work. (1) If you did not know how to get the answer and the teacher gave you a handout looking exactly like your work.3. Table Calculation Setup 62. would you be happy? (2) Would a copy of your work explain to a classmate how to get the answer? In each case.0 Assume Given 60% of good output 62.Push yourself.8 08-Jan-2012 Copyright © 2012 by Prem Prakash. a “No” answer is bad news! A Warning 67. 4. Concise and elegant. 5. In this case. • • • • • Label every quantity. Use English words not Greek and Latin symbols! Show the measuring unit of every quantity. 6. Acquire Right Skills 81. Provide intermediate results.7. They help comprehension.0 160. Use the comment cells to write the source of numbers or formula used. No wordy math. 1.View the entire calculation as the solution.0 60. name the symbols.

Second. . there is no instructor who checks and corrects mistakes. a simple slip is as bad as an actual mistake. “Oops!” does not work. They perpetuate in internal memos for a long time after you have moved on! 08-Jan-2012 Copyright © 2012 by Prem Prakash. All rights reserved. For two reasons.Math Lesson 03 Table Calculations 3 In business calculations. Markets are impersonal and unforgiving.