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A) To cancel out the systems pendulosity and its tendency to oscillate backwards and forwards about its equilibrium position. B) To compensate for the horizontal magnetic component H such that the magnet system is within approx. 2° of the true horizontal between 60° N and 40° S. C) To make it less sensitive to hard- and soft-iron magnetism in the aircraft. D) To compensate for the vertical magnetic component Z such that the magnet system is within approx. 2° of the true horizontal between 60° N and 40° S.
The position of the centre of gravity can always be determined by:
A) dividing the total moment by the total mass B) subtracting the total mass from the total moment C) dividing the total mass by the total moment D) subtracting the total moment from the total mass
What effect has a centre of gravity close to the forward limit?
A) A B) A C) A D) A
better rate of climb capability decreased induced drag reduced rate of climb reduction in the specific fuel consumption
If the centre of gravity is near the forward limit the aeroplane will:
A) benefit from reduced drag due to the decrease in angle of attack B) tend to over rotate during take-off C) require less power for a given airspeed D) require elevator trim which will result in an increase in fuel consumption
The centre of gravity of an aeroplane is that point through which the total mass of the aeroplane is said to act. The weight acts in a direction:
A) parallel to the gravity vector B) governed by the distribution of the mass within the aeroplane C) always parallel to the aeroplane's vertical axis D) at right angles to the flight path
With the centre of gravity on the forward limit which of the following is to be expected?
A) A decrease of the stalling speed B) A decrease in the landing speed C) A decrease in range
The datum is: A) a reference plane which is chosen by the aeroplane manufacturer.D) A tendency to yaw to the right on take-off If nose wheel moves aft during gear retraction. but the direction cannot be told the information given If the centre of gravity of an aeroplane moves forward during flight the elevator control will: A) become pitch B) become pitch C) become D) become pitch heavier making the aeroplane more difficult to manoeuvre in heavier making the aeroplane more easy to manoeuvre in lighter making the aeroplane more easy to manoeuvre in pitch lighter making the aeroplane more difficult to manoeuvre in An aeroplane is loaded with its centre of gravity towards the rear limit. how will this movement affect the location of the centre of gravity (cg) on the aeroplane? A) It will not affect the cg location B) It will cause the cg to move forward C) It will cause the cg to move aft D) The cg location will change. This will result in: A) a reduced fuel consumption as a result of reduced drag B) a reduction in power required for a given speed C) an increased risk of stalling due to a decrease in tailplane moment D) an increase in longitudinal stability Which of the following is most likely to affect the range of centre of gravity positions on an aeroplane? A) Elevator and tail plane (horizontal stabiliser) effectiveness in all flight conditions B) The need to minimise drag forces and so improve efficiency C) Location of the undercarriage D) The need to maintain a low value of stalling speed In calculations with respect to the position of the centre of gravity a reference is made to a datum. Its position is given in the aeroplane Flight or Loading Manual B) calculated from the data derived from the weighing procedure carried out on the aeroplane after any major modification C) calculated from the loading manifest D) an arbitrary reference chosen by the pilot which can be located anywhere on the aeroplane The centre of gravity is that _____ (i) on an aircraft through which the total _____ (ii) is .
The moment about the datum is: A) 343 000 Nm B) 7000 Nm C) 1. A) (i) B) (i) C) (i) D) (i) point (ii) mass (iii) downwards datum (ii) moment (iii) downwards point (ii) moment (iii) upwards datum (ii) mass (iii) upwards The mass and centre of gravity of an aircraft must be established by actual weighing: A) by B) by C) by D) by the the the the owner operator before the first flight of the day operator prior to initial entry of aircraft into service engineers before commencing service pilot on entry of aircraft into service The determination of the centre of gravity in relation to the mean aerodynamic chord: A) consists of defining the centre of gravity longitudinally in relation the position of the aerodynamic convergence point B) consists of defining the centre of gravity longitudinally in relation the length of the mean aerodynamic chord and the trailing edge C) consists of defining the centre of gravity longitudinally in relation the length of the mean aerodynamic chord and the leading edge D) consists of defining the centre of gravity longitudinally in relation the position of the aerodynamic centre of pressure The centre of gravity location of the aeroplane is normally computed along the: to to to to A) longitudinal axis B) horizontal axis C) vertical axis D) lateral axis Which of the following is unlikely to have any effect on the position of the centre of gravity on an aeroplane in flight? A) Lowering the landing gear B) Normal consumption of fuel for a swept wing aeroplane C) Movement of cabin attendants going about their normal duties D) Changing the tailplane (horizontal stabiliser) incidence angle An aeroplane has its centre of gravity located 7 metres from the datum line and it has a mass of 49000 N.43 Nm D) 34 300 Nm .considered to act vertically _____ (iii).
but still within.The distance from the datum to the Centre of Gravity of a mass is known as: A) the B) the C) the D) the index moment moment arm or balance arm lever The centre of gravity of an aeroplane is at 25% of the Mean Aerodynamic Chord. the aft limit: A) increases the stalling speed B) decreases the maximum range C) improves the maximum range D) improves the longitudinal stability. altitude and airspeed remain unchanged): A) affects neither drag nor power required B) increases the induced drag C) decreases the induced drag and reduces the power required D) increases the power required An airplane has been loaded in such a manner that the centre of gravity is located behind the aft . This means that the centre of gravity of the aeroplane is situated at 25% of the length of: A) the B) the C) the D) the mean aerodynamic chord in relation to the trailing edge mean aerodynamic chord in relation to the datum aeroplane in relation to the leading edge mean aerodynamic chord in relation to the leading edge What is the effect of the centre of gravity on fuel consumption? A) The further forward the centre of gravity the greater the fuel consumption compared to an aircraft with an aft centre of gravity B) The further the distance of the centre of gravity from the centre of pressure the greater the fuel consumption C) The further aft the centre of gravity the greater the fuel consumption compared to an aircraft with a forward centre of gravity D) The centre of gravity has no effect on fuel consumption The centre of gravity near. Aft centre of gravity (within the approved limits): A) Improves longitudinal stability B) Increases stalling speed C) Increases maximum range D) Decreases maximum range Moving the centre of gravity from the forward to the aft limit (gross mass.
but more stable at high speed. C) is less difficult when the centre of gravity moves aft. B) less stable for all airspeeds. B) a longer takeoff run. C) the tendency of a wing to stall at high airspeed. the centre of gravity is located: A) aft of the neutral point of the aeroplane. B) the same as with the centre of gravity on the aft limit. only by all up weight (AUW). D) is more difficult with the centre of gravity moving aft Loading an airplane to the aft centre of gravity limit will cause the airplane to be: A) more stable for all airspeeds. but more stable at low speed. With the centre of gravity on the forward limit. One undesirable flight characteristic a pilot might experience with this airplane would be: A) stalling at higher-than-normal airspeed. the stalling speed would be: A) lower than with the centre of gravity on the aft limit. the required control deflection for a given pitch change? A) (1) B) (1) C) (1) D) (1) increases (2) reduces reduces (2) reduces increases (2) increases reduces (2) increases . D) less stable at slow speed. B) between the aft limit and the neutral point of the aeroplane. D) independent of the centre of gravity position. For a normal stable aeroplane. What is the effect of an aft shift of the centre of gravity on 1. D) difficulty in recovering from a stalled condition. As the centre of gravity moves. C) less stable at high speed. static longitudinal stability and 2. C) higher than with the centre of gravity on the aft limit. recovery from a stall: A) in unaffected by centre of gravity position. D) at the neutral point of the aeroplane. B) is more difficult with the centre of gravity moving forward. C) with a sufficient minimum margin ahead of the neutral point of the aeroplane.centre of gravity limit.
depending on wing location. D) Spoiler mixer. B) upwards. D) too small effect of the controls on the aeroplane. In a mechanically controlled aeroplane. . D) Longitudinal stability will be reduced with an increased download existing on the tailplane. C) downwards. D) zero because in steady flight all loads are in equilibrium. the vertical load on the tailplane will be: A) downwards because it is always negative regardless of the position of the centre of gravity. B) increase or decrease the elevator up effectiveness. The centre of gravity of an aircraft is on its most forward limit in straight and level flight. The max aft position of the centre of gravity is amongst others limited by the: A) Yaw damper. C) decrease the elevator up effectiveness. C) An increased download will exist on the tailplane with an associated increase in longitudinal stability. B) maximum longitudinal stability of the aeroplane. engine location. B) engine thrust.When an aeroplane with the centre of gravity forward of the centre of pressure of the combined wing / fuselage is in straight and level flight. B) Roll spoilers. What effect will this have on longitudinal stability? A) A reduction in longitudinal stability will exist with no change in loading on the tailplane. the most forward allowable position of the centre of gravity could be limited by the: A) trim system. C) minimum value of the stick force per g. The max aft position of the centre of gravity is amongst others limited by the: A) maximum elevator deflection. C) Rudder limiter. trim tab surface. D) increase the elevator up effectiveness. The centre of gravity moving aft will: A) not affect the elevator up or down effectiveness. B) A reduced download will exist on the tailplane with an associated reduction in longitudinal stability.
What is the effect on the aeroplanes static longitudinal stability of a shift of the centre of gravity to a more aft location and on the required control deflection for a certain pitch up or down? A) The static longitudinal deflection is larger. stabiliser trim is adjusted maximum Nose Down to obtain maximum elevator authority at take off rotation. C) The static longitudinal deflection is smaller. D) At the forward limit for centre of gravity. Which statement about the trim position is true related to centre of gravity and adjustable stabiliser position? A) A nose heavy aeroplane requires that the stabiliser leading edge is lower than compared with a tail heavy aeroplane. the take off warning system will be activated. elevator control forces. stability is smaller and the required control stability is larger and the required control stability is smaller and the required control stability is larger and the required control Which statement about a jet transport aeroplane is correct. D) Early nose wheel raising will take place. C) If the THS position is just within the limits of the green band. while the THS (Trimmable Horizontal Stabilizer) has been positioned at the maximum allowable AND (Aeroplane Nose Down) position. C) A nose heavy aeroplane requires that the stabiliser leading edge is higher than compared with a tail heavy aeroplane. B) Because characteristic speeds at take off do not vary with centre of gravity location.C) elevator capability. D) The static longitudinal deflection is smaller. during take-off at the maximum allowable forward centre of gravity limit. B) The rotation will require extra stick force. . D) wing surface. the need for stabiliser adjustment is dependent on flap position only. B) The static longitudinal deflection is larger. stabilizer surface. A) Nothing special will happen.