RESEARCH PROJECT “A STUDY OF THE PROBLEMS FACED BY TEACHER’S TEACHING LEARNING DISABLED CHILDREN’S”

GUIDED BY MR. VINAYAK SHINDE

RESEARCH BY SANGEETA L. KANOJIA NSS COLLEGE OF EDUCATION TARDEO, MUMBAI

2011-2012

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that Miss Sangeeta Kanojia, Roll no. 34 has carried out the research project entitled “The study of problems faced by teacher’s teaching learning disabled children’s”, submitted to NSS College of Education for the partial fulfilment of B.Ed. degree in her own work carried out under my guidance and is worthy of exam.

_______________ Dr. Mrs. S. Samuel Principal N.S.S. College of Education

_______________ Mr. Vinayak Shinde Project Guide

_______________________

Date and Stamp of College N.S. Mrs. Rupali Raut Madam who helped me in my project. The timely completion of our project has been possible due to her constant supervision & wholehearted co-operation. College of Education ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like take this opportunity to thank our Principal Dr. Vinayak Shinde Sir for his timely guidance & giving me the opportunity to continue with this project and provide me with necessary guidance and facilities. I would like to thank our librarian for her continuous support and guidance with books on my research project. Last but not the least I would like to thank the teachers of St. for her constant support and guidance. I would also like to thank Mrs. Samuel of NSS College of Education. Mary’s High School who helped in completing my survey. S. Especially. I am highly indebted to my project guide Mr. .S. supported me in doing Statistics.

2 Analysis and Interpretation CHAPTER 5 5.6 Tools CHAPTER 4 – DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF DATA 4.INDEX RESEARCH PROJECT CHAPTER 1 1.1 Introduction 1.1 Analysis of sample response 4.7 Educational significance of study 1.5 Sample 3.2 Methodology of Study 3.1 Introduction 3.1 Related Literature CHAPTER 3 – RESEARCH DESIGN 3.4 Description of Methodology 3.2 Appendix .3 Rationale for Selecting Methodology 3.8 Scope & Limitations of the study CHAPTER 2.6 Operational definition of terms 1.1 Findings and Conclusion CHAPTER 6 6.3 Statement of problem 1.5 Conceptual definition of terms 1.4 Objectives of the study 1.1 Bibliography 6.REVIEW 2.2 Need of the study 1.

incapacity to understand the spoken words. and the child's family. of course.1 . calculate due to mental incapacity or mental injury. Their disabilities occur due to some malfunctioning in certain areas in the brain. write.1. and environmental factors strongly influence the development and personality of all children.INTRODUCTION Educators face unique challenges teaching children with learning disabilities. Other genetic influences also affect the child. such children cannot cope with the demands of a classroom situation which comprises of normal students. Incapacity to read. But there is a class of children quite distinct from their groups. Parents. Hence. These are the children with learning disabilities. There are slow learners as well as genius students and the system has been put in place for their educational needs in accordance with their abilities. the child himself. It is important to understand that their learning disabilities no matter how serious are restricted to a particular area. incapacity to see words. . The information presented here is a good starting point for understanding how to address these unique issues. These disabilities are serious enough to completely disrupt the learning process in one way or the other. brothers and sisters. This information was developed to assist teachers who have a child with learning disability in their class at school. The most important sources of information about any child are. In a civilized society every child has the right to education irrespective of his caste or creed or economic status.

. It becomes very difficult for the teacher to teach a class inclusive of all students. Hence. We have all students sitting together like the slow learners.1. gifted children. Educators face unique challenges teaching children with learning disabilities. the researcher wants to find out the problem faced by teachers and how they can overcome with this situation in the inclusive education of curriculum framework.NEED OF THE STUDY In today’s scenario school classroom has become inclusive. It becomes very hectic for the teacher to control the classroom & teach properly & to make a learning disabled child comfortable & come down his level and teach. and a normal child.2 . and learning disabled children like children’s having dyslexia. It is very difficult for the teacher to teach in such a way that the teaching learning process becomes easy & good for both the learning disabled & gifted children’s. dyscalculia. dysgraphia. an average child.

3 .1.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM A Study of the problems faced by the teacher’s teaching Learning Disabled Children’s 1. parents. & students. .4 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY  To study the problems faced by teachers teaching learning disabled  To bring awareness among teachers.

. writing & understanding the concept. writing. dysgraphia or dyscalculia. Dysgraphia means a child cannot recognize graphics. pictures etc.” “Learning disability is sort of a handicap or helplessness that can be revealed by the sufferer in terms of his academic performance. Dyscalculia means the child generally has problem with maths.CONCEPTUAL DEFINITION OF TERMS “Learning disability refers to a certain kind of disorder in the basic psychological process of an individual.6 .” 1. Dyslexia means the child has problem in reading.5 . The can be suffering from dyslexia.1.g. E. speaking etc. In calculating any number.OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS Learning disabled child means a child having problem in reading.

This study is also useful for the school management to locate the problems of the teachers & ways to solve these problems.7 – SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study is helpful to the teachers to identify learning disabled children & how to handle a classroom with the inclusion of all the children.1. . Ed students to identify the symptoms of the learning disabled children. This study is also helpful for parents to understand the problems of the learning disabled children & also to understand the working mechanism of the teachers in handling these children. This study is also helpful for B.

 The study is restricted only till secondary school teachers. Mary’s High School. St.1.8 .e. .SCOPE & LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY  The study is restricted only in South Mumbai area.  This study is restricted only about learning disabled children.  The study is restricted only in one ICSE School i.

Julie Weatherly (Alabama).2.27. and parents understand the complexity and importance of making sound decisions regarding whether a child has a specific learning disability. Lehigh University. 2008. policymakers. Linda Fusco. LRE. Our research in this area--including studies of the role of and best practices associated with responsiveness to intervention--is the foundation underlying all of the materials available on this site. Additional topics for Pennsylvania practitioners will be the new Chapter 14 and Gaskin implementation. Thomas Mayes (Iowa). and Pennsylvania attorneys Andrew Faust. Zvi Greismann (Maryland). including RTI.RELATED LITERATURE NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTRE ON LEARNING DISABILITY NRCLD's goal is to help educators. (Weekly and daily options available) . regulations. The program offers two parallel tracks. Catherine Holahan (Connecticut). and David Painter. remedies under the IDEA. FAPE. PA. Monica Palestis (New Jersey). The program faculty includes attorneys Raymond Kuntz (New York). and case law relating to the education of students with disabilities. 2008 Special Education Law Symposium: Lehigh University’s intensive six-day symposium provides a practical analysis of legislation. Symposium 2008 Special Education Law Symposium: Contemporary Questions and Answers. Vivian Narehood.1 . and for continuing education credit. Topics will include eligibility. discipline. one for basic and the other for advanced participants. The workshop will be offered for graduate credit. Bethlehem. June 22 . and autism. Judith Gran.

Our researchers join local and national advisory groups consisting of parents. . and even from school to school within a district. from district to district within a state. practitioners. We will analyze existing methods of identifying students with learning disabilities and will study state and local policies to determine factors that explain the differences in the number and characteristics of students identified with learning disabilities from state to state. and professionals from a host of disciplines to contribute a research-based perspective to continuing debates in the LD field.NRCLD research NRCLD brings together many voices to address the complex array of issues in the learning disabilities field.

The designer engages himself in such decision making. He proceeds in this manner because he needs to be aware about the whole process before starting the construction.1 . interpretation in the broader sense. so as to tackle the difficulties arising from the designing of the project. The architect is said to design a building. In the process of designing he considers each design required to be made in constructing the building.INTRODUCTION The various stages of the research can be brought under control and be handled by designing the research.’ . well before the construction begins.’ According to Traners ‘Education research is that activity which is directed towards the development of science of behaviour in education institution. such as how large the building will be. how many rooms it will have. to the solution of education. RESEARCH METHOD EDUCATION View of Goerge G Mohly ‘The systematic and scholarly application of the scientific methodology. Bearing well in mind the purpose for which the building will be used the architect takes the decision. how these rooms are approached. The ultimate aim of such a science is to provide knowledge that will permit the education to achieve his/ her goals by most effective methods. what building material will be used and so on.3.

a social institution. CASE STUDY APPROACH A comprehensive study of a social unit is a person. Historical research as such depends on observations which are non – repetitive. a group. Historical facts are not to be repeated in be accurate fashions as can be done in lab observations. In historical records an attempt is usually made to establish a hypothesis by researcher. or a community is called a case study.METHODOLOGY OF STUDY There are different approaches to research which the methodologies of study are: Historical Approach  Case Study Approach  Descriptive Approach  Experimental Approach HISTORICAL APPROACH When research is conducted on the basis of historical data. Historical research involves very intensive use of library material and scholarly patience is required on the part of the research to look into the historical records. the researcher is said to have followed historical approach. According to Hatte and Goode .3. a district. At times it would appear that all research is historical in nature because to a very large extent research depends upon the observations recorded in the past.2 .

DESCRIPTIVE APPROACH The approach is mostly directed towards identifying the various characteristics of the research problem and to create observations conducive to further research. The domain of investigation is properly specified and researcher has to canvass his questionnaire within that domain.It is an approach which views any social unit as a whole. Thus. Applications of experimental approach in social sciences help to explain the variations in an explained variable through the changes of manipulations made in the explanatory variable. there are so many methods as listed above researcher selects the descriptive method for his project. Mostly empirical problems are investigated by this approach. This type of research I becoming very popular these days and is extremely followed by researcher to explore new areas of investigation. The piece of research work may well depend on a well – founded hypothesis. . EXPERIMENT APPROACH This approach to research is based on scientific methods in so far as usual relations are studied under controlled condition. It is a way of organizing social data so as to preserve the unitary character of the social object studied.

This approach is reliable on the data obtained is based on actual survey.RATIONALE FOR SELECTIING METHODOLOGY The descriptive approach is widely used methodology in the project research. 3.3 .DESCRIPTION OF METHODOLOGY Descriptive Approach Significance of Normative Method or Descriptive Research It has been explained by George J Mouly in their words No category of educational research is more widely used than the type knows variously as the survey or the normative survey status and descriptive research. It is the scientific technique of the project research. Writers have used various terms like normative descriptive survey status or trend.3. . For the present study. John best has preferred to use the terms descriptive survey studies.4 . The exact information and current situation is obtained using the descriptive approach. researcher has selected Descriptive Method under which Survey Method is used. This study becomes systematic and accurate.

Researcher must prepare his questionnaire and opinionaire in such a way that it does not injure the feeling of sentiments of respondents. It seeks to describe a field or a problem by using questionnaire and opinionaries. according to Webster new collegiate dictionary as survey is a critical inspection. offer official to provide exact information. . In using these approaches many a times researcher gains insights into other aspects of the problem which otherwise may not be within the scope of his research Performa. He also gains invaluable experience of conducting such enquiries systematically and accurately.MEANING OF SURVEY The word survey has been derived from the words sur or sor and veeir or veior which means over and sees respectively. Descriptive approach of research is also a recent development in the fields of investigations. The research must have mastered the scientific technique of conducting an enquiry and must have intellectual capacity elicit information from the respondent as accurately as possible. Scope is vast. Normative survey deals with what is.

A statistical sample.5 . A sampling procedure is a technique of seeking a sample from a given population.3. universe or supply. The entire group from which the sample is chosen is known as the population. .SAMPLE Sampling refers to the investigation of a part of the population or universe.  A good sample must be adequate in size in order to be reliable. according to Calvin is a miniature picture or cross section of the entire group or aggregate from which the sample is taken. For the present study researcher has selected the sample (Teachers) of English medium ICSE school. A sample which is not reliable is known as biased sample. According to Calvin two major characteristics of a good sample are:  A good sample must be representative of the population.

Intelligence Test 4. Interest Inventory 5. Achievement Test 2.TOOLS John Best observes “Like the tools in the carpenter’s box each research tool is appropriate in a given situation to accomplish a particular purpose. Each data gathering device has both merits and hazards or limitations. S.3. Attitude Test 3.6 . Barr would resolve discussion of the sort stating “which is better. Personality Measures .” Dr. Types of Tools of Research Evaluation Tools 1. A. a hammer or a handsaw”.

Good and Hatthink View In general the word questionnaire refers to a device for securing answers to questions by using a form which the resident fills for himself. The ratings are done by parents. Checklist It is a type of questionnaire in the form of a set of items which the respondent is asked to check. Score Card . Davis and Johnson A systematic complier of questions that is submitted to a sample of population from which information is desired. Rating Scale It is a method by which we systematize the expression of opinion concerning a trait.QUESTIONNAIRE Mildred Parten View It is a form distributed through mail or filled out by the respondent under the supervision of the investigator or interviewer. a board of interviewer and judges as well. Barr. teachers. Schedule According to Goode and Hatt schedule is the name usually applied to a set of questions which are asked and filled in by an interviewer in a face to face relationship.

For the present study researcher has selected questionnaire method as a tool.It is an elaborate form of rating scale which usually evaluates items in numerical terms. instructions and groups of people. . Attitude Scale It has been designed to measure attitudes of an individual or group of people towards issues.

4. 5.4. 13. AGREE 11 8 12 15 12 11 2 2 17 15 15 16 15 9 13 11 9 12 STRONGLY AGREE 3 8 4 3 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 7 6 7 3 DISAGREE 4 3 4 0 3 7 13 14 3 4 5 2 3 7 0 3 3 4 STRONGLY DISAGREE 2 1 0 2 0 1 5 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 TABLE . 18. 7. 11. 9. The tabulation of the sample response to the questionnaire: QUESTIONS 1. 14.DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF DATA The study was carried out on the ICSE board teacher’s of St. 15.1 . 10. 6. Mumbai. 2. 3. 12. Mary’s School. Mazgaon.1 . 8. A total of 20 teacher’s were sampled which included 16 female teachers & 4 male teachers. 17. 16.

1 TEACHER. median is 63. OF TEACHERS 10 SCORE 62 72 70 60 71 62 60 64 61 63 MEAN MEDIAN 64. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NO.5. It means there is no difference between difficulties faced by teachers for teaching & evaluating learning disabled children.19. and mode is 60. NO.5 63 MODE 60 From the above table mean is 64.ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF THE DATA TABLE . 20. . 13 9 1 11 5 0 0 0 4. which is approximately same.2 .

GRAPH OF TABLE 1 .

7 63 63 From the above table mean is 61.2 TEACHER. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 SCORE 63 58 71 63 69 57 44 67 63 62 NO. . which is approximately same. and mode is 63. It means there is no difference between difficulties faced by teachers for teaching & evaluating learning disabled children.TABLE .7. median is 63. NO. OF TEACHERS MEAN MEDIAN MODE 10 61.

They require remedial teaching. They require special attention but it is difficult for teachers to give ample time to these students.1 – FINDINGS & CONCLUSION It becomes very difficult for the teachers to give time for learning disabled children.GRAPH OF TABLE – 2 5. personal attention & different syllabus which are appropriate according to their mental ability & age. as the government has given too much responsibility to teachers. But in order to bring them into the mainstream we require inclusive education in our curriculum. . proper guidance.

M.1 – BIBLIOGRAPHY Gresham. School Psychology Review.L. 198-205. F.E. Beebe-Frankenberger.M. Treatment integrity in learning disabilities intervention research: Do we really know how treatments are implemented? Learning Disabilities Research & Practice. (2000). Assessment of treatment integrity in school consultation and prereferral intervention. F.M.. MacMillan. K. & Bocian. D. 37-50. Gresham.. 18(1). ..6.M. (1989). 15(4).

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