Breathing (regulating the breath) of Qi-gong
Qi-gong practice usually changes the depth, frequency and rhythm of respiration in a conscious state. Breathing is a critical component in making the exercise effective and combining breathing with meditation helps reduce stress. The deepening of respiration expands lung capacity, promotes circulation of oxygen in the blood, massages the internal abdominal organs and helps the digestion and assimilation of food. In a healthy adult, the normal respiratory rate is 12-18/min. Those who reach true proficiency in qigong will be able to achieve a finer, softer, even and deeper breathing. As a result, breathing frequency is obviously lower. In some cases, it will be at 1-2/min. The common breathing technique adopted are: Natural breathing An innate way of respiration without any control by the mind. It may be soft and even but not very deep.
Abdominal diaphragmatic breathing Expand the abdomen and descent of the diaphragm while inhaling, and contract the abdomen while exhaling. This is the most common technique applied.
Reversed abdominal diaphragmatic breathing Contract the abdomen while inhaling, and expand while exhaling. Pausing-closing breathing After inhalation or exhalation, the practitioner holds his breath for a short while to focus on the control of breathing. Nose-mouth breathing Inhaling through the nose and exhaling through the mouth. Chant breathing Chanting in the mind silently during respiration.
During respiration. which is described as respiration through the navel. Genuine breathing This refers to very gentle abdominal breathing. A single breath takes a relatively long time.
. a practitioner will adopt a predominant abdominal respiration pattern when he enters a qi-gong state. Due to consistent and intentional training of abdominal breathing. without obvious sensation.Breathing with holding anal muscles Inhalation accompanied by contracting or withholding the perineum muscles. A practitioner may feel tepid on the skin and sweat slightly. they seem to be breathing too. this breathing technique is lead by consciousness. through the subtle pulsation in the abdomen. The respiration seems to have stopped but actually still goes on. imagine that the skin pores on the entire body are opening and closing simultaneously. gentle and even. Exhalation accompanied by relaxing the perineum muscles.
Opening and closing breathing A further advance on genuine breathing.
Latent breathing This is an advanced level for an abdominal breathing method. This is also called "fetal breathing". It is slow.