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International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012


The seminar was initiated by the Architecture Design Laboratory, Department of Architecture, the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta. With the theme Creating Space for Better Life the seminar sought to provide the current issues and trends on a wide range of topics from papers and presentations indicating the broad scope of research, teaching and practice within the area of architecture. The central aim of the seminar is to explore the thoughts and ideas of livable space in a wide spread of sciences which can be viewed from the interrelationship and integration of physical and non physical spaces. It is also intended that the seminar can be functioned as the venue for exchanging information and encouraging discussions of recent developments in the study of livable space. The seminar is noted as the first scientific-forum about livable-space in Jakarta which will be continued to be administered periodically as a scientific-forum in every two years , rounded around the universities within Indonesia. It is expected that this periodical scientific-forum will establish itself as one of the most significant gatherings both for researchers and practitioners from many disciplines. Finally, thank you to all contributors for their active participations on the seminar, without them the seminar would not be successfully implemented. A warm and special welcome goes to those who are visiting Trisakti University for the first time, may your presence be assured in two years time. To all the participants, we do hope that you find the seminar is enjoyable and informative.




Session / Sub-Theme
Plenary Session 1 Parallel Session 1 Space Philosophy,Space Paradigm & Theory,The Concept Of Livable Space And Miscellaneous The Concept Of Livable Space And Appearance/Shape Of Livable Space Various Dimension Of Livable Space Creating Process Of Livable Space And Miscellaneous Plenary Session 2 Plenary Session 3 Parallel Session 2 The Concept Of Livable Space Appearance/Shape Of Livable Space Various Dimension Of Livable Space Creating Process Of Livable Space And Miscellaneous

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International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

PROGRAM International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life
Department of Architecture - Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning - Trisakti University SME TOWER (Smesco). Nareswara Hall 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

Thursday, February 16, 2012

08.00 - 08.45 08.45 - 08.50 08.50 - 09.05 09.05 - 09.15 09.15 - 09.45 09.45 - 10.15 Registration Organizing Committee Report Welcoming Speech : Prof.Dr.Thoby Mutis, Rector of Trisakti University Officially Opening the event : H.Djan Faridz, Minister of Public Housing Keynotes Speech : Prof.Dr.Emil Salim, Head of Presidential Advisory Council Coffee break Plenary Session 1 Moderator: Dr.Ir. Ady R. Thahir, MA. 10.15 - 10.30 Ir. Joko Widodo (Major of Surakarta City - Indonesia) 10.30 - 10.45 Dr.-Ing. Markus Zahnd (Langenthal - Switzerland) 10.45 - 11.00 Prof. Ir. Budhy Tjahjati S. Soegijoko, M.Sc., Ph.D. (URDI - Indonesia) 11.00 - 11.15 Hendardji Supanji, SH. (PPKK ) 11.15 - 12.00 Discussion 12.00 - 13.00 Lunch break Parallel Session 1, 13.00 - 15.30 Room 1 SPACE PHILOSOPHY,SPACE PARADIGM & THEORY,THE CONCEPT OF LIVABLE SPACE and MISCELLANEOUS; Moderator: Dr. Ir. Agus Budi Purnomo, M.Sc./ Ir. Popy Puspitasari, MSA. (Usakti) 13.00 - 13.05 Opening by Moderator 13.05 13.55 Agung Wahyudi Ahda Mulyati, Nindyo Soewarno, Arya Ronald, A.Sarwadi Al Aswad Aninda Moezier 13.55 14.40 Hardi Utomo Lili Kusumawati Mitha Budhyarto 14.40 15.25 Retna Ayu Puspatarini Sugiri Kustedja, Antariksa, and Purnama Salura Woerjantari K. Soedarsono, Dewi Shinta W.D.S. Putri, Aji Bimarsono 15.25 - 15.30 Closing by Moderator Room 2 THE CONCEPT OF LIVABLE SPACE and APPEARANCE/SHAPE OF LIVABLE SPACE Moderator: Dr.-Ing. Ir. I G Oka Sindhu Pribadi, M.Sc. MM / Dra. Agustin Rebecca Lakawa, Ms., Ph.D 13.00 - 13.05 Opening by Moderator 13.05 13.55 Bambang Supriyadi, Abdul Malik Darmono Eko Nurshanty Etri Suhelmidawati, Aulia 13.55 14.40 Hartanto Budiyuwono Himasari Hanan Indrawati , Nurhasan Lucia Helly Purwaningsing, Sri Handjajanti 14.40 15.25 Muhammar Khamdevi Nisa Kurnia Illahiati Padmana Grady Prabasmara Zareen Habiba Islam 15.25 - 15.30 Closing by Moderator


13.00 - 13.05 13.05 13.55

13.55 14.40

14.40 15.25

15.25 - 15.30

13.00 - 13.05 13.05 13.55

13.55 14.40

14.40 15.25

15.25 - 15.30 15.45 - 16.00

16.00 - 16.15 16.15 - 16.30 16.35 - 16.45

Room 3 VARIOUS DIMENSION OF LIVABLE SPACE Moderator: Ir. Yayat Supriyatna, MS./ Ir. Endhy Ibuhindar Purnomo, MSP. Opening by Moderator A.Hadi Prabowo Anwar, Loekman Mohamadi Etty R. Kridarso Imriyanti, Moh. Mochsin Sir Marcus Gartiwa Maria I. Ririk Winandari, Heddy Shri Ahimsa-Putra Mohaamad Ischak Noviantari, Woerjantari K. Soedarsono, Noorsalam Nganro Ratna Safitri Siti Astrid Kusumawardhani, Rita Walaretina Susanti W. Indrarajasa Wahida Iffat, Md. Nawrose Fatemi Closing by Moderator Room 4 CREATING PROCESS OF LIVABLE SPACE and MISCELLANEOUS Moderator: Dr. Ir. Agus Saladin, MA. / Dr. Ir. Dermawati, MTA. Opening by Moderator Dedes Nur Gandarum Dwi Sulistyawati Eka Permanasri Korlena, Achmad Djunaedi, Leksono Probosubanu, Nurhasan Ismail Masni Erika Firmiana, Rochimah Imawati, Meithya Rose Prasetya Nina Nurdiani Nuzuliar Rahmah Ratih Budiarti Rita Walaretina Sigit Wijaksono Closing by Moderator Coffee break Plenary Session 2 Moderator: Dr. Ir. Agus Budi Purnomo, M.Sc. Rana Y. Nasir (GBCI Indonesia ) Dr. Ir. Ady R. Tahir, M.A. (Director of Usakti Public Service Institute) Discussion Summary Day 1, 16.45 17.00 Prof. Dr. Ir. Achmad Djunaedi, MUP. (UGM Yogyakarta)


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

Friday, February 17, 2012

08.00 - 08.30 Registration Plenary Session 3; Moderator: Dr.-Ing. Ir. I G Oka Sindhu Pribadi, M.Sc. MM (Usakti) 08.30 - 08.45 Dipl.-Ing. Eva Veres (Stuttgart University - Germany) 08.45 - 09.00 Prof. Dr. Ir. Joseph Prijotomo, M.Arch. (ITS Surabaya) 09.00 - 09.15 Dr. Ir. Agus Budi Purnomo, M.Sc. (Usakti - Jakarta) 09.15 - 09.45 Discussion 09.45 - 10.00 Coffee break Parallel Session 2, 10.00 - 11.30 Room 1 THE CONCEPT OF LIVABLE SPACE; Moderator: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ir. Dedes Nur Gandarum, MSA 10.00 - 10.05 Opening by Moderator 10.05 10.45 Bambang Panudju, Sugeng Triyadi S, andi Harapan S. Dhini Dewiyanti Tantarto Dyah Titisari Widyastutilka Putra Munichy B. Edrees 10.45 11.25 Rudy Trisno Tobita Chizuru Uray Fery Andi 11.25 - 11.30 Closing by Moderator Room 2 APPEARANCE/SHAPE OF LIVABLE SPACE; Moderator: MI. Ririk Winandari, ST, MT. 10.00 - 10.05 Opening by Moderator 10.05 10.45 Dhani Mutiara Ira Widayanti Juarni Anita Nany Yuliastuti 10.45 11.25 Nurhikmah Budi Hartanti Shahril Anwar Mahmud, Abdullah Sani Ahmad, Aminatuzuhariah Megat Abdullah Sumarwanto, Eko Nursanty 11.25 - 11.30 Closing by Moderator Room 3: VARIOUS DIMENSION OF LIVABLE SPACE ; Moderator: Ir. Rita Walaretina, MSA. 10.00 - 10.05 Opening by Moderator 10.05 10.45 Aliah B. Purwakania Hasan, Rochimah Imawati, Emmalia Sutiasasmita Andjar Widajanti Danto Sukmajati Joko Adianto, Achmad Hery Fuad 10.45 11.25 Made Suastika, Mudrajad Kuncoro Primi Artiningrum, Danto Sukmajati Sally Oktaviana S 11.25 - 11.30 Closing by Moderator Room 4: CREATING PROCESS OF LIVABLE SPACE and MISCELLANEOUS; Moderator: Dr.Ir.Hardi Utomo, MS 10.00 - 10.05 Opening by Moderator 10.05 11.25 Aldyfra L. Lukman, Andi Harapan S. Alwin Suryono, Antariksa, Salura Purnama Bachtiar Fauzy, Antariksa, Purnama Salura 10.45 11.25 Bagoes Wirjomartono Besta Besuki Kertawibawa Sahid Mohtar 11.25 - 11.30 Closing by Moderator Summary Day 2, 11.30 11.45, Prof. Dr. Ir. Achmad Djunaedi, MUP. (UGM Yogyakarta) Closing The Event, 11.45 12.00, Dr. Ir. Agus Saladin, MA. (Head of Department of Architecture - Usakti) 12.00 - 13.30 Lunch break


Opening Report (Head of OC)

On behalf of the Steering and Organizing Committee for Scientific Forum on Livable Space, I would like to thank everybody for your participation and to warmly welcome you to Jakarta Indonesia (particularly for participants coming from abroad). This Forum, which is organized by Architecture Department, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, initially consist of three activities: International Seminar, Exhibition, and Excursion, unfortunately due to some technical reasons the excursion has to be cancelled. I hope some day we can carry out the excursion for the purpose of seeing the implementation of livable space. The main objectives of this seminar are: 1. To build an understanding for space and a creative capability with the aim of creating a flourishing livable space for mankind and other living creatures, 2. To form the mile-stones to enliven the study in the field of livable space in educational and research institutions in Indonesia. It is planned that in two days forum will be Seminar (plenary and small discussion session) and Exhibition. The places of the small discussion are chosen related to the topic. This forum will be attended by more than 300 participants from universities, research institutions, government institutions, practitioners, developer and other interested participants related to livable space. Some of them coming from India, Bangladesh, Singapore, Japan, and Malaysia. The main speakers of this International Seminar are coming from 6 countries: Germany, United Arab Emirates, Switzerland, Hongkong, Italia, and Indonesia. There are 9 Invited Speakers, who constitute stakeholder of creating space for better life. I hope this forum could be beneficial for everyone and become an initial meeting of next forums on Livable Space, which can be held in other places of forum member. Last but not least I would like to thank the Steering Committee and member of Organizing Committee for your hard effort in preparing everything for this moment. Also thank you to all parties (which I can not mention all here) for your contribution. I wish you all a pleasant and productive scientific forum. Thank you for your kind attention and God bless you. Best Regards, Head of Organizing Committee Dr.-Ing. Ir. I G. Oka Sindhu Pribadi, M.Sc., MM


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

Welcoming Speech : Prof.Dr.Thoby Mutis Rector of Trisakti University

Ladies and Gentlemen As we know, space is a multi-dimensional phenomenon ranging from the extensive physical phenomena, life-supporting environmental phenomena for all creatures to perceptual/psychological phenomena specific to mankind. Humans as well as all other living creatures need livable space to foster their prosperity. As such, mankind is has intervened to create this space. We shall not let anything stop us from intervening nature in effort to create space for a much better quality life. In reality though, there is increasing degradation of livable space, such that making it flourish is increasing becoming insatiable. The phenomenon of glass houses and global warming with its effects is factual evidence that we have failed to create a good livable space. As such, this forum is designed to urge all stakeholders to rethink about livable space comprehensively; attempt to abandon the old understanding in effort to build a new understanding towards attempts to create a much better space for life for the prosperity of all, both humans and other living creatures. Ladies and Gentlemen The purpose of this event is being an initial step in the discussion regarding Livable Space, this forum is intended to embrace thoughts and experiences from various circles as wide as possible as collective capital to create awareness in developing the quality of livable space for all. In this moment let me appeal you all to save our earth through implementing the sustainable development for better living. A simple and applicable sustainable oriented action in our life means a lot and might be realized in our routine daily activities. I hope, in this moment we could learn and share our ideas and best practices to other people, so that we could create better environment together. Thank you and have a nice seminar! Best Regards, Rector of Trisakti University, Prof.Dr.Thoby Mutis


Thursday, February 16, 2012 Plenary Session 1 Moderator: Dr.Ir. Ady R. Thahir, MA
LIVABLE SPACE MAKING THROUGH KNOWLEDGE BASE URBAN MANAGEMENT Stakeholder movement towards better future Joko Widodo Major of Surakarta City Indonesia Abstract
Space develops to accommodate the people need and demand. Space in Urban system requires deeper engineering of the nature to the meet demographic agglomeration and livelihood demand. Analytical Surakarta city performance and history lead to a conclusion on the city vision for 2010 2015 Eco Cultural city of Surakarta. This vision stimulates Surakarta to optimize the cultural heritage which attaches to the community life and the support of its environment. The future Surakarta faces physical pressure like climate changes and disaster, Urbanization and its expand demand of basic services, social pressure in relation to the political dynamic and cultural penetration, economy and investment pressure causes by globalization and local pressure, all requires urban management innovation. Surakarta performance escalates supported by partnership in investment, knowledge and others stakeholder initiative. For this seminar, we propose our draft plan for urban management innovation including our exhibition. Expectantly input and feedback from academic society so as our direction and targets efficiently correspond to the demand as well as capacity. Subsequently the result will be uses to accelerate the preparation process, expand the network and partnership and start the soft launching and services in June, 2012. Urban management requires consistency and continuity of engineering in the mid and long term. Surakarta initiate urban management with an objectives: 1. Building equal information 2. Setting the dialogue & communication platform 3. Building the urban data base 4. Conducting technical simulation as the basis of policy and priority program preparation. The function will be operates in a new independent institution name: Urban Simulation Gallery of Surakarta directly report to the Major of Surakarta, technically support by The Spatial Planning Office and scientifically cooperates with Planning department of Sebelas Maret University of Surakarta. This innovation expectantly construct 1. Consistency of commitment 2. Sustainable partnership 3. Transparency based Urban Management. The integration of the three will stimulate the livable space making in the City of Surakarta by all stakeholders.


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

Creating urban space is mainly done by shaping buildings, streets and places (squares and courtyards). Its products are results of the outcome of ongoing processes that involve many actors in various ways and different purposes. Some shaping space actors produce it for their own use, but most shaping actions are done for other parties or public usage. It is hoped that this new applications and even more applications to come will use this powerful and fast modular [indosity] framework. Using the same frame and IT-language (Java/3DJava, that makes it easy for programmers to integrate and standardize urban data) Together they will offer strong support for creating, evaluating and presenting various urban aspects and impacts towards better usage for developing urban quarters and spaces. Many more case studies within various context and purposes will be needed. Therefore spreading these applications to stakeholders and experts/scholars in the field of urban development will be crucial and partnerships with more institutions for achieving this task are welcomed. It is hoped that these case studies and researches will show, how these applications can be used even more effectively within urban settings and many projects in the future. May it be a great support for its users as they have to deal with complex and interrelated issues of developing urban space for better life for many urban habitants and communities in time to come.

CREATING SPACE FOR A BETTER LIFE Budhy Tjahjati S. Soegijoko Urban & Regional Development Institute (URDI) Indonesia Abstract
A United Nation Habitat Report State of the world Cities 2010/2011, mentioned that the world is increasingly becoming urban. By 2050, urban population in the developed and developing region will reach 86% and 67% respectively of their total population. By the year 2030, in all developing countries including Asia and Africa there will be more people living in urban than in rural areas. Cities, large or small, city centers, sub urban or per urban, offer people the opportunity to share the urban space, participate in public and private events, exercise both duties and rights.


From discussion of the different cities and their characteristics and requirement for sustainability, lessons learned to be used as basis for identifying policies in the future, the way forward, key lessons learned among others are the need to: Plan long term Build good quality infrastructure Be prepared to make major changes in response to new challenges, and City policy makes and leaders should involve citizens Main areas for improvement and intervention include: Citys environmental quality Neighborhood amenity Individual well being The way forward, indicate that it is important to first, focus on approach that concentrate on implementation of development of physical, social environmental infrastructure, and establishing enabling frameworks. Second, it is imperative to maintain balance between economic, environmental and social development to reach sustainability. Third, it needs to be supported by capacity building to improve and implement urban management with finance.


Hendardji Supandji Pusat Pengelolaan Kompleks Kemayoran Jakarta - Indonesia


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

Moderator: Dr. Ir. Agus Budi Purnomo, M.Sc./ Ir. Popy Puspitasari, MSA.

CULTURAL INFLUENCES AND NEO URBANISM ON THE TRANSFORMATION OF URBAN SPACE IN BALI Agung Wahyudi Departement of Architecture, Gunadarma University, Depok, Indonesia Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to analyze changes in the urban space by emphasizing aspects of Balinese culture within a reasonable period before and after the development of global tourism. The essence of such interaction is the creation of comfortable spaces and spaces balanced in accordance with the principles of "Tri Hita Karana". The balance of this space refers to the integration between space and shape of the building of urban design. In the discussion this paper adopts the concept and theory of "New Urbanism". New Urbanism attempts to promote the practice and theory of the unity of design plans for the entire region, from small-scale (building blocks, roads) through medium scale (corridor, neighborhood, district) to large-scale (regional infrastructure and ecology). New Urbanism is a planning and architectural rediscovery of traditions that have shaped some of the most livable spaces ever. Recent phenomenon after the suburbs and city parks are a new concept of traditional development. There is a need for more effort in search of more literature addressing Urbanism and New Urbanism. Quality is the state of scientific knowledge represented at a given time. When urbanism identifies with the physical entity, the city - seen only as a rigid barrier in space; the results show as if the attributes of urban suddenly ceased to be manifested outside the boundaries arbitrary - planners, and architects could not arrive at the concept of urbanism as a way of life Keywords: Urban Space, new urbanism; Bali


*Department of Architecture Engineering Faculty of Tadulako University of Palu ** Department of Architecture and Planning Engineering Faculty Gadjah Mada University of Yogyakarta.

Aquatic communities are the dominant inhabitants of the coastal areas and islands in Central Sulawesi. Their settlements are locally built using local wisdom. These settlements were designed for residential purposes; communal living; and to support the activities of the local settlers. Therefore, the settlements are a reflection of the socio-cultural aspects of society (Rapoport, A, 1969). The settlements consist of two basic elements: humans and the environment. Both of these elements may take the form of nature, humans, social environment, home and networks (Doxiadis, CN, 1971). Changes in the concept of settlement can be caused by increase in knowledge, technological advances, the need for the values adopted for diminishing returns. The study uses a case study approach with multiple cases. Data was collected through naturalistic or phenomenological approaches and qualitative analysis technique was used to find the changes that occur in the concept of establishment of local aquatic communitys residential space. The natural conditions, geography, topography and environment are important factors that were considered in determining where they settled. The settlements are very dirty, crowded, irregular, limited in facilities and infrastructures. Aquatic communities living in coastal areas and territorial waters chose to have their settlement partially or wholly in the water. They will stay in the place if the sea and the lands around it still support life. In the lives of fishermen, the sea provides the main room and sacred spaces; so the orientations of their houses overlook the sea. The spaces in these settlements provide arenas for making boats, storing and drying fishing gear and fish catching. Public spaces in the form of roads, bridges, bathing place, weekly market, the village hall, etc. provided the spaces for socialization for the settlers. The pattern of settlement around the spaces or facing the cliff is purposely to protect them from wind, waves, and other natural phenomena. Settlers as a group or individuals make territorial limits both on sea and in home ownership. In residences, the bedroom becomes a private space for women to use cloth, bulkhead or wall. The outside wall is closed so that the settlers felt safe and comfortable. Patio outside the building or space is a space of transition from the public spaces in the settlement towards the sea. When conducting ceremonies, for example after completion of house construction, boat building, giving birth, settlers make "offerings" as the sacrifice to the sea. This is done for the reason that the sea provides life, and protects them from all environmental related dangers. Livable space and the sea are the main spaces in the life of aquatic communities. These spaces serve not only as a place to live, but is also as a source of life. Dwellings and settlements serve as socialization spaces, and sea space and its contents as their life support. Openness and simplicity are still reflected in the life and form the settlements primary residential zoning and the environment. Key words: Change, Living Concept, Aquatic Community.


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

URBAN SPACE PARADIGM: BEHAVIORAL PUBLIC COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES AS CREATING COMMERCIAL OPEN SPACE OF URBAN AREA Al Aswad Student of Doctoral Program in Planning and Architecture Department, Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta, and Lecture of Urban and Regional Planning Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Sultan Agung of Islamic University Semarang Achmad Djunaedi, Bambang Hari Wibisono, Sudaryono Professor and Lecture Staf in Doctoral Program in Planning and Architecture Department, Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta Abstract
Development activity is basic human effort to improve the quality of life. Development activities may involve the use of natural resources and the environment in such a way that their utilization always takes into account the carrying capacity of the environment in order to avoid deterioration in quality and damage of the environment. Urban development which often reflects the physical development of cities is determined more by the existing infrastructure. In recent years, urban development has been characterized by the tendency to diminish green open spaces; removing the face of nature in particular. As a result of growth and development, urban land is converted into shops, residential facilities, recreational facilities, industrial parks and others (Dahlan, 1992: 19). The rapid urban and population growth rates and the activities in the cities has created a greater need for the creation of public open space to free the residents of the strains associated with life in big cities. According to Carr et al (1992), an effective open public space encompasses at least three things i.e.; sensible, democratic, and significant. A democratic media open space open to public provides protection for individual rights. Most importantly, open public space provide an opportunity for individuals to relate to the personal lives and their environment in general. This is what affects the habits of users of the open public space and the direction of urban development policies, especially its utilization in the informal sector. The direction of the policies requires a form of intervention in the informal sector development, directly or indirectly. If the government wants to help the development of the informal sector, without direct intervention, then the only way is through the issuance of appropriate policies to try creating a favorable (external) environment for the development of economic activities in this sector. This could involve the creation of a system of free but healthy competition, and eliminate all kinds of distortions and any other forms of barriers. The governments duty here is that of a sponsor, stimulator, facilitator, regulator, and stabilizer. The set up of open space with a commercial value in order to create open space for all urban commercial humanists can be done using a commercial approach to open space which can be studied from the perspective of strategic value aspects of the location of open space in urban areas. The establishment of commercial open space in urban areas has been strongly influenced by the presence of open spaces in urban environments, which have in turn been influenced by factors in the policy or regulatory policy on urban open space and urban habits of factors that give commercial value to the urban open space. Keyword: urban space paradigm, creating commercial open space in urban area


PHALLOGOCENTRISM IN ARCHITECTURE Aninda Moezier Department of Architecture, Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia Abstract
Jacques Lacans notion of phallocentrism and Jacques Derridas notion of logocentrism have been useful to certain feminists as explanation of women repression or exclusion in society. This essay examines various writings about gender issues in architecture with reference to Lacans and Derridas notion of phallogocentrism (an amalgamation of phallocentrism and logocentrism) as a critical framework. Analysis of the writings reveals symptoms of phallogocentrism in architecture in various societies throughout history. It also shows that architecture is in turn used to perpetuate the phallogocentric structure of certain societies. Keywords: Lacan, Derrida, phallocentrism, logocentrism, phallogocentrism.

ANALYSING THE SUSTAINABILITY OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA CONTEXT: A CASE OF DEPOK CITY Hardi Utomo Department of Architecture Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning Trisakti University - Jakarta Abstract
This study was aimed at analyzing the sustainability of, and formulating a strategy for sustainable housing and settlement development in the city of Depok. The methods applied in this study were the calculation of land and water carrying capacity, the input-output method and human development index. The strategy for sustainable housing and settlement development at the study location was set based on such calculation. The settlement at Depok city was of ribbon development and cluster pattern. The calculation on land carrying 2 capacity indicated that the city had yet some 225,02 ha with land need per capita was 89 m . The available land was said to be capable of accommodating some 2.227.077,66 people up to the year 2020 and meeting the SNI standard on the environmental spatial planning. However, there is a need for the city to have alternatives that will provide the citizens with clean water by 2010. The piping network could only serve 16% of the total population, below the minimum standard requirement, 55%. While the need for clean water per capita could only reach 24,94 liters per day, which is also below the minimum, 60 liters per day. The LQ Index showed 1.17 multipliers meaning that the housing and settlement development provided values, more use of local components (1,05). The forward linkage indicated 1.03 of the development in terms of housing and also provided input to the other sectors such as


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

industry, service and trade as well as manpower absorption. Vertically built housing of up to 10 storeys could be established in the northern part of the city due to its land characteristics. The provision of green open space in the form of green wall and roof garden could be incorporated in the built-up areas. Key words: Strategy, Sustainable housing and settlement development, Carrying Capacity, Environment, Economy, Social

THE EFFECT OF VENTILATION IN GAINING THERMAL COMFORT AT THE TAHUTEMPE KOPERASI HOUSING COMPLEX, SEMANAN, WEST JAKARTA Lili Kusumawati M. Department of Architecture Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta ; Abstract
Currently, the condition of Koperasi Tahu Tempe Housing Complex at Semanan, Cengkareng, West Jakarta is experiencing a decrease of quality. The housing area of 12 ha consists of 679 families, with a building area of 21 M and the footprint area of 90 M. From all the housing area, 90% is used for tofu industry resulting of the need to develop the existing housing condition. The development of housing forces the imbalance of air comfort in which problems regarding thermal comfort arises. This is because there is only one wall openings in front of each house, while the left-right side of the house is attached to the house next to each other. This paper is a quantitative research using descriptive analysis method with some variables i.e.: a) the aspect of ventilation (air flow, type of windows/jalousie); b) the aspects of comfort (air temperature, humidity, wind speed). The object of this study is the rooms in the house, which then are grouped based on the orientation of the buildings towards the wind. The results show that the thermal comfort level and the thermal comfort in the house is solely affected by ventilation; as well as the relationship of thermal comfort with the feeling of thermal comfort is affected by ventilation. Key words: ventilation, thermal comfort, thermal comfort sensation, the home industry

EXPERIENCING OTHERNESS: LIVABLE SPACES IN CONTEMPORARY JAKARTA Mitha Budhyarto Liberal Arts Centre, Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Tangerang, Indonesia Abstract
This paper argues that the building of livable spaces in Indonesia is only possible when a critical relationship with its postcolonial identity has been established. In contemporary Indonesia, the issue of the spatio-temporality of the everyday world cannot be separated from its postcolonial past. The effects of colonialization continue to shape its national


attitude, which has concrete implications in its various endeavours towards development including the development of livable spaces. In order to analyse the problem, the theoretical method used here was phenomenological philosophy. The paper begins by evaluating the ethical problems inherent in the concept of what a livable space in Jakarta ought to be like, which is done by analysing the issue of Otherness. The paper then continues by drawing a parallel between ethics and aesthetics, where aesthetics is understood to be an embodied creative experience of ones surrounding world. Building from these arguments, the essay then moves on to problematizing the main issue: how does Indonesia create a more positive and critical relationship with the colonial past that continues to shape its identity? This essay proposes that only by attempting to answer this challenging question will the problem of building livable spaces in Indonesia be solved. Keywords: Aesthetics, embodiment, ethics, everyday life, phenomenology.

IN SEARCH OF SPACE CONCEPT IN JAVANESE ARCHITECTURE THROUGH COSMOLOGY CONCEPT IN JAVANESE CULTURE Retna Ayu Puspatarini PhD Candidate of Architecture in Institute Technology of 10 November Surabaya Architecture lecturer at Tarumanagara University Josef Prijotomo Lecturer at Institute Technology of 10 November Surabaya Purwanita S Lecturer at Institute Technology of 10 November Surabaya Abstract
Nowadays, most of Javanese people apply the western concept to their house so as to appear modern and up to date with the current trends. Over time, they often feel the style of their houses is not in harmony with their inner-self. This makes them always feel that there is something missing from it. In order to find the missing piece from their inner-self, they have to know the basic principles of their cultural. Its after this that they will then be able to gain peace in their inner-self. The basic principle of Javanese culture is cosmology. Cosmology concept in Javanese life has been applied in their daily life since Pre-Hindu Era. This concept always relates with divine-nature-human that acts as a controller for Javanese life. For this reason, the cosmology concept cannot be separated from Javanese life. One of the ways the cosmology concept is applied in Javanese life is through their living space in this world. This concept can also be applied to define space concept in Javanese architecture. The findings of this research will hopefully help Javanese people take the essence of space concept to their house so that they will have peace in their inner-self. Key words: Space, Cosmology, Javanese Culture


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

FENG-SHUI CHINESE CULTURES SPACE PHILOSOPHY: A WORLDVIEW FOR BUILT-UP ENVIRONMENT Sugiri Kustedja Post graduate student, doctorate candidate. Engineering -faculty, architectural dept. Post graduate program Parahyangan Catholic University. Bandung. Email : Antariksa Lecturer Dept of Architecture, Engineering Faculty, Brawijaya University. Malang Purnama Salura Lecturer Dept of Architecture, Engineering Faculty, Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung Abstract
Some concepts in the form of folk-cult philosophy are still persistently believed by traditional Chinese ethnics in Indonesia, influencing their perception of built-up environments. This is done in an effort to synchronize the universe with human beings during the construction of built-up environments. With the goal of harmonizing building with nature and the universe, the macro-cosmos is projected into the micro-cosmos of building space. What is the background of such a worldview though? The methods used in this research were hermeneutic, semiotic, and structuralism; through extensive literature research together with architectural analyses. From a cultural anthropological point of view, this paper will describe in brief, those specific ideas which are still influencing the communitys opinion. Based on ancient traditional cosmology concepts, transformed through the Chinese civilization history; ideas were adopted and believed as worldviews in everyday life of people. As a pragmatic society, those complicated concepts are condensed and crystallized into practical and compact patterns; simplified for application by those who believe in them. Keywords: Chinese architecture philosophy, cosmology, culture, space, feng-shui.

A CRITIC TO URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONTROL IN RELATION TO GARDEN CITY CONSERVATION Woerjantari K. Soedarsono, Dewi Shinta W. D. S. Putri, Aji Bimarsono Pusat Studi Urban Design (PSUD), Bandung, Indonesia *e-mail of corresponding author: ABSTRACT
Urban District heritage conservation increases city livability by preserving streets and neighborhoods built at a human scale; public areas that support positive community interaction; and green spaces that offer recreational activities. Effective conservation of urban heritage resources not only helps in creating a unique sense of place, but also brings


about a sense of identity, civic pride and belonging to residents. It has also been shown, in several international study cases that through such action, energized communities can actively address livelihood issues. On top of that, heritage resources can be lost all too easily and it is difficult if not impossible to recreate. This statement underlines the researchs starting point of the conservation action of colonial housing neighborhood in Sate Building area, Bandung. This historic garden styled neighborhood, built during Dutch Colonialism in the early 19th century, defines the unique character of Bandung historic part. The cultural and physical attributes of the built environment contribute to the genius loci of the area hence bestowing the heritage significance of the Sate Building housing neighborhood. Currently, as a result of rapid economic and population growth and social change, the area has undergone a transformation that has led to a dramatic shift in the composition of economic activity and the spatial pattern of land use. This will lead to unfavorable conditions of heritage and identity loss. To achieve an effective conservation action, the threat of degradation and character loss must be identified, analyzed and corrected. Research findings indicate that the existed Urban Development Control instruments do not perform optimally. Moreover they tend to be destructive. This paper suggests for new strategic options needed to prevent colonial housing neighborhood in Sate Building area from deteriorating. Keywords: development control, development pressure, loss of identity, urban conservation.


Moderator: Dr.-Ing. Ir. I G Oka Sindhu Pribadi, M.Sc. MM / Dra. Agustin Rebecca Lakawa, Ms., Ph.D
THE ESSENCE OF LIVABLE SPACE Exploration of Javanese Space in Kotagede, Yogyakarta Bambang Supriyadi, Abdul Malik, Bharoto Jurusan Arsitektur FT Universitas Diponegoro Abstract
According to the Javanese concept, space essentially tends to be borderless, multifunctional and multi-meaning. The lack of a definite border will make Javanese space flowing between and unifying the: inner space and outer space, human space and natural space, the microcosmos and macrocosmos. The tendency of Javanese space being multifunctional will make it a space hardly ever devoid of activity. Beside multifunctional space, Javanese space also express various meanings in it examples being: social meaning, spiritual, and cultural meaning.The exploration of spaces in one part of Kotagede, Yogyakarta provides a classic representation of Javanese concept of livable space; worthy of further discussion as a source of inspiration in the creation of architectural space in the future. Keyword: Javanese Space, Borderless, Multifunctional, Multi-meaning,


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

PLANNING CONSIDERATION OF GARDEN CITY CONCEPT TOWARDS ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT R. Darmono Depatment of Architecture - Faculty of Architecture and Design Soegijapranata Catholic University Semarang Jl. Pawiyatan Luhur IV/1 Bendan Duwur Semarang 50234 e-mail: Abstract
Presently, rapid urban development in Malaysia has induced the problem of lack of green spaces in urban settings. Consequently, the lack of green spaces in urban areas has contributed to the problem and issues related to unsustainable development such as urban pollution, heat island, erosion and flood. The original idea of Garden City emphasized the allocation and function of greenbelt as a major component in land use planning. Green space has played an important role in the maintenance of environmental health of urban dwellers. Implementing garden city planning would emphasize the allocation and function of green spaces for cities and towns to achieve a healthy environment in an urban setting. The garden city planning provides for sufficient open space in a network system that links residential areas to other land uses including institution, commercial and recreation. The planning would make it easy for people to interact through a circulation system made up of roads, pedestrian ways and waterways.The arrangement or layout of land uses and their features is clear enough for residents and visitors to recognize each setting whether housing, commercial or institution. In general, Garden City concept would ensure a safe, comfortable place for urban residents. This paper discusses the role of garden city concept in helping to achieve sustainable development. Keywords: green space, people, garden city concept, sustainable development.

CITY SPACES AND TOURIST PLACES: A STUDY OF PARTICULAR SPACES IN THE CITY Eko Nursanty Department of Architecture, University of 17 Agustus 1945 (UNTAG), Semarang, Indonesia e-mail of corresponding author: Abstract
Tourism, from both supply and demand perspectives, is not evenly distributed and seamlessly throughout the city; but rather is concentrated in relatively small, quite distinctive geographic precincts and the tourists experience is most commonly one of moving between these precincts in search of the citys highlights. Precincts are thus fundamental to


understanding the phenomenon of urban tourism, yet upon reflection, apparently little is known about these places and what make them work, for tourists and other stakeholders within the city. The aim of this paper is to formulate tentative steps to close the knowledge gap about this significant but relatively neglected aspect of tourism. The technique used was to position the tourism precinct in the context of urban tourism and examined it from a range of theoretical perspectives. As research started to bring a better understanding on the phenomenon of urban tourism and the city as a tourist destination, further questions arose about the nature of the urban experience and, in particular, the use of specific spaces in the urban experience of visitors. While the city and its services provide the overlay for urban tourist activity, in most urban destinations tourist visits tend to be concentrated rather than dispersed. These points of concentration include iconic sights, shopping areas, landmark cultural institutions or places of historical significance. The research is concluded with a call to seek for ways of how to effectively plan, design, manage and market urban tourism precincts with a series of cases in Asia. These case studies would be helpful in illustrating how these practical challenges can be addressed in a range of different cultural and political contexts. Keywords: city spaces, tourist place, precinct.



Etri Suhelmidawati*, Aulia** Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, University of Putra Indonesia YPTK Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia ** Faculty of Psychology, University of Putra Indonesia YPTK Padang, West Sumater, Indonesia email: Abstract

Man is essentially a creature that is able to adapt to the environment, but the problem is that, sometimes there are events or conditions that are inevitable to happen in life, and can trigger stress. Conditions that cause stress can come from inside or outside the individual self. Regardless of it cause/source, stress has the potential to harm humans. Stress occurs to someone after attempting all the necessary forms of adaptations. How it applies in physiological adaptation depends on the physiological response involving a person's cognitive function. Therefore, one of the ways to overcome this problem is to create a comfortable home; since a home is more than just a place - it is a combination of elements of people and space. The design of homes may not actually separate the psychological impact which will be experienced by the occupants, including stress. This paper explains how to build a comfortable home which is applicable and suitable with zoning ordinance and building codes. Using this approach, it is hoped that a stress can be managed for better life. Key word: comfortable, environment, home, stress.


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

THE CONCEPT OF HYDRID SPACE: INTEGRATION OF HABITABLE SPACE AND CONSTRUCTION SPACE IN RESIDENCES Hartanto Budiyuwono Doctoral Candidate Architecture Parahyangan Catholic University, Jl. Ciumbuleuit 94 Bandung - Indonesia. Email: Abstract
Space at the historical residential areas in the Island of Java, is generally more 'comfortable' to live in. This is due to space processing. Space processing in the architectural design has many limitations. These limitations spring up from the areas that make it up. These fields are derived from the construction. Vertical plane, like the walls are used in construction or installation of a brick structure of wood frame construction. Horizontal plane, like floors, flat ceilings, are created from flat roof construction systems. The composition of the alloy in these spaces determines their rationality for habitation. A qualitative theoretical approach was employed to describe the spaces in the residences which were originally inhabited by colonial society, Chinese, Arabic, and the local community who worked in the era of the Dutch East Indies colonial administration in the town of Tegal. The conclusion of the study is that the sense of 'good' in the room is the result of hybridity concept of space viewed from the cultural aspect. Key words: habitable space and construction space, hybridity space.

CULTURAL CONSUMPTION IN PUBLIC PLACE Himasari Hanan Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Bandung Bandung, Indonesia Abstract
Improvement in material life is the idea being promoted by public places in metropolitan cities. The increase in the middle-class society in Indonesia has induced the explosion of consumption that leads to the emergence of cultural consumption in shopping malls and leisure activities. This consumption echoes on an awareness of symbolic significance of consumer goods, meaning the consumption of signs and images that goes beyond use values or utilities. The consumption becomes intertwined in the politics of experience which is subjected to the westernization and modernization. In Bandung for instance, the desire to be modern or trendy is evident in the popular architectural styles in public places which are interpreted as the image of colonial buildings. Selective icons of architecture are consumed and taken as symbols of modern western way of life through local expression. This paper will discuss the symptomatic transformation of architectural styles for the creation of a livable public place where individuality and differences prevail and are celebrated. Keywords: architectural styles, cultural consumption, public place.


THE LIVABLE MOSQUE TOWARD LIVABLE SMALL HOUSES (A DESIGN STRATEGY APPROACH BASED ON ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE) Indrawati and Nurhasan Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering, Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, Indonesia, e-mail: Abstract
Many houses in low income housing do not have enough space in the form of guest rooms, guest bed rooms, meeting rooms, playing rooms etc to accommodate all the social functions. The mosque on the contrary has plenty of housing facilities. Consequently, the purpose of this research is to find ways in which to create a livable mosque that will accommodate the social functions for small homes especially in low income housing. This qualitative research used the descriptive comparative method for analysis. The main sources of data were the latest research and field studies on housing mosques. Four mosques were sampled in the field study; all in Solo Raya region. Results of the analysis reveal that: (1) the construction of the mosque is still focused on the worship function, not to provide social services desperately needed by people who have small houses in the slum areas; (2) although they feel there is something lacking in the mosques, the users do not take any action to fix it; (3) most users expect to develop the mosque to embody the social functions of the communities, especially in providing space and room for guests of poor families; building complexes with shades, parks and trees; and agree to the use of funds for this fact with due regard to the basic functions of the mosque by limiting the function of noise public space; and (5) the need for a strategy to increase understanding of the role and functions of the mosque as exemplified by Muhammad prophet (pbuh). Keywords: Mosque, Islamic Architecture, Small Houses.

THE PATTERN OF CHINESE SETTLEMENT CHARACTERISTIC ALONG THE CISADANE RIVER IN TANGERANG, BANTEN PROVINCE - INDONESIA Lucia Helly Purwaningsih, Sri Handjajanti Architecture Department Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Abstract
According to history, Cisadane river was the main transportation artery in Tangerang in ancient times, even since Tarumanegara kingdom.The research based on the historical linkage in the Chinese settlements in Tangerang, named China Benteng, which began from Chinese settlement at the edge of the Cisadane river from down- till upstream. The research aims at describing not only the pattern of Chinese (China Benteng) Settlements characteristics along the Cisadane River, but also the settlement structure, the pattern of


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

building lay out, the pattern of building and the street lay out. The architectural characteristic of Chinese house described in this paper will enhance the character of Chinese settlement pattern. Based on research analysis, some similarties are found between the various Chinese settlements along the Cisadane river. Keywords: Chinese Settlement, Cisadane River, character, pattern.

IS THE SCAR REALLY A SCAR? THE IMPACT OF THE EXISTENCE OF LOUVRES PYRAMID, PARIS Muhammar Khamdevi Study Programme of Architecture, Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Tangerang Selatan, Banten, Indonesia Abstract
The large pyramid of Louvre serves as the main entrance to the Louvre Museum. There was a lot of contreversy surrounding the existence of this pyramid after it had just been launced. (Paul Goldberger, 1989). Many argued that its existence obstructed the surrounding urban fabric of space and urban history (Paul Heyer, 1993). A scar on the face of paris; a popular French sentiment against this piramyd, was mentioned in Dan Brown's novel: The Da Vinci Code, 2003. Despite the controversy, the Louvre continues to attract more people. The intervention apparently had a positive effect; in that the meaning of the place and its function were revitalized making it more liveable, rather than boring. Currently, it has become a landmark, not only for Paris but also for the entire nation of France. Now the scar turned to become the mole, that enriches the face of Paris. As it attracted more visitors, Louvre would always bring an economic effect, in terms of tourism and property value to this historical district. The question though is: how far will this contrast design, especially The Piramyd of Louvre as the subject of the research, affect the historic fabric of urban space? What is the response of the Public; both the old generation and the young generation to this contrast design? Is this contrast approach really effective in revitalizing the historical site or building? This paper seeks to investigate the role of the scar in the historic urban fabric and the way in which it provides meaning to the city. Keywords: contrast design, historical sites and buildings, conservation, adaptive reuse


RURAL SOCIETYS INTERPRETATION OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE REPRESENTED BY TELEVISION Nisa Kurnia Illahiati Communication Department, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia Abstract
This paper focused on how rural societies interpret the concept of modern architecture represented by television and presented it in the form of their houses and in the form of using spaces. The starting point is from humanity perspective where individuals as part of larger society that used the same language interpret symbolic usage in text as their own culture. The aim of this paper is to give a description of rural societys livable space created from their interpretation of modern architecture as represented by television. Visual methodology and in-depth interview were used in two villages located in East Java Province to achieve the goal of this study. The results of this investigation reinforce the researchers basic assumption that the people in rural societies use television as a modernization agent; which also gives them a manual for how to use their space in modern way. However, the rural society combines what they consider as modern value and their own local value to create space that accommodate their needs. Keywords: modern architecture, rural society, television

MAKING SPACE LIVEABLE: A POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION OF THE SPACES FOR SOCIAL INTERACTION IN APARTMENTS OF DHAKA Livability On Public Space As A Great Street Case Study: Solo City Walk Slamet Riyadi, Solo Padmana Grady Prabasmara Abstract
A public or a great street space in a city functions as a place to meet, to gather, and to interact with each other for religious, trading, and governing purposes as well as a place to share the citizens aspirations. Besides its traditional function as a meeting point, a public space (including open space) is also used as an identity of a city. Thus, many cities use public space as a symbol for, and as a center for their social interactions. Located on the corridor of Jalan Slamet Riyadi, Solo, the pedestrian way Solo City Walk, is supposed to represent the neighborhood character with its livable public space and great street. To optimize Solo City Walk is to relate it with the lively act lifestyle existing along this pedestrian way. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to evaluate the concept applied on Solo City Walk Slamet Riyadi St as an optimum project which was designed to recreate the ever-existed great public space in the past time. The project used theconcept to invite citizens to go out and to do their activities in the public space. This research uses field observation method by mapping


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

the behavior of pedestrians and activities carried out on Slamet Riyadi street and Solo City Walk. The mapping shows several sites which have either high or low activity levels. To identify the areas livability, the street was divided into five sections. The sections measured approximately one kilometer and shared similar characteristics. The result of study gives an evaluation to the accomplishment of spread of livability applied on Solo City Walk. The section having high livability shows highly-concentrated users, various activities, and attractive functions. Accordingly, this section will be used as a guideline in optimizing other sections which are considered less-livable. Keywords: greaat street, public space, livable, lively act, evaluate, optimize

MAKING SPACE LIVEABLE: A POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION OF THE SPACES FOR SOCIAL INTERACTION IN APARTMENTS OF DHAKA Zareen Habiba Islam Lecturer, Department of Architecture, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh e-mail : Abstract
The housing sector in Dhaka city experienced a major shift in the last three decades mainly in the form of unprecedented growth in real estate apartment living. Shortage in developed urban land, made this option popular amongst a section of urban population with better affordability comprised of people from wide ranging socio-cultural background. These varied communities face higher degree of social disorientation and hesitation to social interaction than the traditional ones, resulting in social problems and socially unfit groups in the apartments. Hence, the issue of social interaction within these communities, along with the spaces for interaction is equally important with other issues in apartment planning. Along with the regular shared spaces, different design solutions are seen to generate social interaction within these apartment buildings. However, most of these spaces have remained unevaluated in terms of their role in generating social interaction. Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE), being a good instrument to evaluate built up environment performance can provide a proper feedback as it considers not only the technical aspects but also social and behavioral issues considering the standpoint of the occupants. The objective of this paper is to find out the social spaces of these people and evaluate the spaces provided in these apartments based on users adaptation for social interaction. This Paper discusses in the light of POE, the role of the social spaces provided in the apartments through a comparative study of some contemporary apartments in Dhaka, which can provide guidance for future design of apartments to facilitate and design spaces for conducive social interaction. Key words: Social Interaction, Apartments, Regular Shared Spaces, Designed Community Spaces, Post Occupancy Evaluation



Moderator: Ir. Yayat Supriyatna, MS./ Ir. Endhy Ibuhindar Purnomo, MSP.
THE RE-IDENTIFICATION OF BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT CHARACTER OF KEBAYORAN BARU CONSERVATION AREA A methodology of development strategy formulation A Hadi Prabowo Architecture Doctoral Program ITB School of Architecture, Policy Planning and Development, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University Jakarta E-mail : [] Abstract
Kebayoran Baru conservation area has undergone significant changes, both in functions and its buildings as well as its environment. In an effort to overcome these problems, conservation and development strategies are needed in accordance with existing demand for area development. Therefore buildings and environment character re-identification is needed as the basic for the formulation of the strategy. This discussion emphasizes on the application of buildings and environment character re-identification as inputs to formulate the development strategy. The re-identification process consists of buildings and environment character mapping in its early and current development, and the assessment of cultural significance. Keywords: buildings and environment character, conservation area, cultural significance.

PUBLIC SPACE AS PART OF CULTURAL IDENTITY VALUES Anwar, Loekman Mohamadi Department of Architecture; University of 17 Agustus 1945 (UNTAG) Semarang Indonesia e-mail :; Abstract
In this new century, we are facing a different kind of threat to public space; not one of disuse, but one of patterns of design and management that exclude people and reduce social and cultural diversity. In some cases this exclusion is the result of a deliberate program to reduce the number of undesirables, and in others, it is a by-product of privatization, commercialization, historic preservation, and specific strategies of design and planning. Nonetheless, these practices can reduce the vitality and vibrancy of the space or reorganize it


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

in such a way that only one kind of person often a tourist or middle class visitor feels welcomed. One of the consequences is that the number of open, urban public spaces is decreasing as more and more places are privatized, gated or fenced, closed for renovation, and/or redesigned to restrict activities. The argument here is that urban parks, beaches, and heritages sites; large urban spaces where people come together remain public; in that they provide a place for everyone to relax, learn, and recreate; and open so that people have arenas where interpersonal and intergroup cooperation and conflict can be worked out safely and in public forum. The purpose of this study is to get a better understanding of the populations they served and find means that will efficiently work toward creating a successful public space. This study focused on describing the demographics of the visitors and collecting user evaluations of the park through widely distributed self administered surveys. Many related using the park for exercise and family get-togethers. A number of respondents also admitted to have grown up in the park using particular playgrounds and the beach. Others spoke fondly of the community groups they worked with and of particular park users with whom they came into frequent contact. Taking note of symbolic cultural expressions is found to be useful to park managers for a number of reasons. Parks are not neutral spaces. They are socially constructed and they have complex histories. On analysis, the symbolic expressions of diverse cultural groups are found to reflect the parks contemporary history and social climate. Descriptions of cultural groups and their symbolic expressions add depth to an understanding of the social life of the park and how it had changed over time. Keywords: public space, culture value, identity.

IDENTIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTER AT WOLTER MONGINSIDI ROAD KEBAYORAN BARU SOUTH JAKARTA Etty R Kridarso Department of Architecture Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta - 0816882536 Abstract
Kebayoran Baru is a new residential area that was designed after the independence of Indonesia; a time when there was an urgent need for settlement as Jakarta needed many public facilities for the central government. As a means of support, an access road known as General Sudirman was constructed to connect New Kebayoran to downtown via Dukuh Atas. In 1973, a connecting road between Central Jakarta and South Jakarta, known as HR Rasuna Said Street was constructed thereby increasing the functions of Kapten Tendean way. The construction of business centers in Sudirman which followed helped bring the impact of the changes in the region in the Wolter Monginsidi Way. This situation was further supported by the enactment of restrictions on vehicles to a minimum of three passengers at day time when traveling to and from work. The Wolter Monginsidi Way has an alternative path that can be traversed to get to Kebayoran Baru from the direction of Central Jakarta and East Jakarta. An increasing number of vehicles passing have brought about changes in the environmental conditions along the Wolter Monginsidi way. By using a visual record, the


environment can be described by identifying the features along the way Wolter Monginsidi in accordance with the Image of the City by Kevin Lynch. For instance, there are a variety of land uses, such as restaurants, offices, residential buildings with a change in whole or in part, with the height of buildings in the area rising up to six floors. This path can also be passed by private and public vehicles. It is hoped that this observation may be a point of reference for other observations of areas around the Wolter Monginsidi way, for example along Gunawarman road, Senopati - Suryo Ciranjang roads, Cikajang Street, and Wijaya 1 road. The entire corridor mentioned above is a corridor with similar conditions, but have different characteristics. Key words: Kebayoran Baru, Wolter Monginsidi, the character of the environment, land use

FEASIBILITY STUDY ON THE HUMANIST FUNCTION OF TIGER PARK AS AN OPEN SPACE IN MAKASSAR Imriyanti Department of Architecture Hasanuddin University, Makassar Abstract
Increased infrastructural development, population growth and the various activities within the built-up areas of a city become part of an integral whole. Being the largest city in Eastern Indonesia, Makassar has experienced growth and development in various sectors, thereby calling for the need for facilities like adequate open space for people to interact. An Open space is a space that can be accessed by the public either directly within a limited period of time or indirectly over an unspecified time period. An open space could be a green open space like a city park. Tiger Park is a classic example of a public open space in Makassar city. Considering the location of this public open space in the center, Tiger Park can serve as an open space for humanist purposes in terms of modifying user behavior. This study is a qualitative study aimed at establishing the feasibility of Tiger Park to function as an open space in Makassar city. In general, Tiger Park functioned as on open green space. In terms of utilization, a density of interaction by users is in the morning, afternoon, evening and night. Activities in the Tiger Park were grouped in two categories, namely: active and passive activities. Based on the group activities at the park as an Open Space, the Humanist users are found to come from various levels of society. The users at the community level are found to be in need of behavioral safety, comfort, and safety in socialization. Keywords: humanist, behavior, interaction, active, passive, socialization.


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

The meaning of the term historic public space is complex. In the cultural perspective, historic public space can be used to describe material forms such as monuments, archaeological or architectural structures. From natures perspective, historic public space is used to describe gardens, landscapes, and so forth. These material forms are the expression of immaterial forms. However, most historic public spaces have cultural components for its society which ascribes values to them, composed of material elements, which reflect the past; part of presents living; dynamics of urban and economic activities. Many of historic public spaces are found in the middle of communities living in cities. Local people interact with these structures directly as they go about their everyday lives. Therefore there is a need to recognize the interdependencies between the community, the heritage structure, and the historic areas. The adaptive approach of re-use involving the restructuring the community economy and heritage public spaces could be employed to the public historical spaces. Therefore such activities are envisaged as contributing to the conservation of a countrys cultural heritage by providing the motivation and means which are needed for its preservation and development. Bandung, as a case study plays a significant role of being a city of Grand Culture of European architecture. Historical open spaces and building such as Gasobu, public building in the northern part of Bandung have evolved to serve new functions; where visitors are attracted during the day and evening to site see through the city. Such perspectives influence decisions concerning what is to be preserved; whether old structures should have new uses, a concept known as adaptive re-use. Approaches and methods in planning built-up historic public spaces have to employ various degrees of revitalization and strive to achieve a balance between preservation and development; and therefore livable urban space can be achieved by such approaches. Key words: Adaptive reuse model,historic publis spaces,liveable urban

THE USE OF SPACE IN PUBLIC OPEN SPACE IN YOGYAKARTAS UPPER MIDDLE CLASS HOUSING 1 2 Maria Immaculata Ririk Winandari , Heddy Shri Ahimsa-Putra 1 Department of Architecture, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia 1 Doctoral Student at Department of Architecture and Planning, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 2 Departments of Anthropology, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Abstract
Public Housing open space has a unique character; is built on private land for public benefit, and belongs to local government. The space is important as a place for socializing, exercising,


and making a comfortable and beautiful environment. Theoretically, the design of public open space refers to the spatial hierarchy of the district and the area. In fact, the same form and area of public open spaces can be used differently by different groups with different social, economic and cultural backgrounds. In the upper middle class housing especially that built after the 1990's, public open space evolved into a limited access space. Some of them can only be accessed by residents who have club membership cards. This phenomenon has become one of the triggers of conflict between residents and the non-residents from the surroundings community. In some other public housing open spaces, there was a function and form change. The space that was originally designed as a sports field and playground is used for vehicle parking and even as a landfill. This study aims at finding public open space character by looking specifically at Yogyakartas upper middle class housing through exploration of the use of space based on occupants socio-economic-culture background. The study was conducted in three Yogyakartas housing estates representing the upper middle class housing. The study variables consisted of public open space setting in housing estate, form, and uses in the community daily life at a specific time. Keywords: public open space, socio-economic background, the use of space, upper middle class housing, Yogyakarta

COULD WE DESIGN SIDEWALK AS A HUMANE PUBLIC SPACES? Case Study: Sidewalks Around Campus A University of Trisakti, Grogol, Jakarta Mohammad Ischak Departement of Architecture, University of Trisakti Jakarta Abstract
The sidewalk is one of the integral elements in urban planning, especially in order to provide the media for the movement of city people. Planning of sidewalk must meet the physical requirements (such as width, height, materials, lighting), and non-physical requirements (such as comfort, security). In fact, today many problems have been associated with the presence of sidewalks in Jakarta particularly in safety and comfort of people moving despite the technical considerations when designing them. What make the problems today more complex are concerns in the: social, economic, psychological, and technical aspects in the context of urban planning. One of the problems that has appeared in almost all the sidewalks in Jakarta is the conflict between pedestrians as users of the sidewalk with sidewalk vendors who occupy much of the sidewalk space. Yet, the emergence of street vendors is a response to the needs of city people. Their presence is actually very helpful for the people of the city especially the middle-class people in supporting their activities daily. This phenomenon raises the question; can sidewalks be designed with a humane approach to minimize the occurrence of sidewalk user conflict? The answer to this question will be was found by analyzing the cases that occurred on the sidewalk next to Trisakti University, currently filled with many street vendors who have emerged to meet the students need for food at affordable prices. The study used a post occupancy evaluation (POE) analysis method, where the street vendors activities were


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

recorded; and the spatial character of the street vendors was associated with sidewalk design technical reviews in accordance with the rules applicable. The study results will be a point of reference in designing a new sidewalk that will meet the technical demands and regulations, but as much as possible accommodate the space requirements of the street vendors so as to reduce conflicts of interest between the pedestrian with vendors. Keywords: sidewalk, street vendors, conflicts of interest.


Noviantari1, Woerjantari.K. Soedarsono2, and Noorsalam Nganro3 School of Architecture Planning and Policy, Institute Technology of Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia 3 School of Life Science, Institute Technology of Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia *e-mail of corresponding author: Abstract

Cikapundung watershed, whose drainage width is widest at the delineation of Bandung City, remains as the center of the citys activities until today. Along with city development, dominating human activities in the habitat scale of Ci Kapundung segments had continuously accumulated and ecologically affected a scale bigger than Ci Kapundung watershed. About 50% to 80% of each segments or roughly 50.71% of Ci Kapundung basin within Bandung City is occupied by high density urban settlement. This dominating land use was quantified as having runoff coeffisien 0.75 (Sofyan.2004) which indicates a high stormwater debit. The percentage of dominated land shows high degree of imperviousness and, therefore, indicating hidrological, geomorphological, and biophysical changes of Ci Kapundung which according to Arnold and Gibbons (1996) is considered as severly impaired. Broader scale data overlay shows that ecological severity happens due to development pattern and services system of the city. Meanwhile, better quality and sufficient supply of water is urgent due to projection of future population which will rise up to four million inhabitants. Therefore, city scale analysis concludes that Ci Kapundung's rehabilitation need to be actualized as a strategy towards city resources rehabilitation.Taking the chance for rehabilitation entry point, Lebak Siliwangi and Tamansari high density settlement redevelopment were taken as neighbourhood scale case studies. Bandung City and Ci Kapundung ecological phenomenon having been derived from watershed, the researcher opted to use the hierarchial classification of stream theory approach in the research design to derive the ecological processes from the scale of watershed to scale of reach system. Combined with three contributing aspects on the creation and sustainability of city image by Harry Laurance Graham (1983), the derived processes will conduct the problems, potentions, and opportunities of the neighboarhood and aim it to the city scale. Maps superimposition is used to identify conducting processes, and therefore, problems, potentials, and opportunities at three scale spatial scale; which were: watershed scale of Bandung City and Ci Kapundung; segment scale of Babakan


Siliwangi and Tamansari; and neighbourhood scale of Lebak Siliwangi and Tamansari high density riparia settlement. Considering riparia as the key point of watershed management and its surface-subsurface exchange as the key variable of riparias existence and sustainability, the finding and recommendation of the research was that Lebak Siliwangi and Tamansari riparia settlement be modified due to its ground water recharge and sediment transfer and deposition function. Meanwhile, considering that vegetation is a key element in ecological processes within watershed, green network system was formulated as a stormwater management tool. Consequently a, neighbourhood green network system whose goals are to recharge ground water, reduce sediment production from the site, and deposit sediment from the upper stream was conceived as a redevelopment control tool to provide landscape connectivity inside the riparia neighbourhood and within Bandung City and Ci Kapundung watershed. Keywords: Green network, hierarchial classification of stream, landscape connectivity, stormwater management.

SEA SETTLEMENT AND URBANIZATION CASE STUDY : TELAGA MAS VILLAGE IN BALIKPAPAN Ratna Safitri, ST.,M.Ars. Department of Architecture Universitas Pembangunan Jaya Email : Abstract
In the urbanization process, villages that grow along the coastal line and raised above the sea surface are a unique phenomenon especially in the City of Balikpapan. What makes them unique is that they have developed off land, and have also significantly contributed to the quality of life in the city as a whole. This study seeks to explore such settlements; the case study being Telaga Mas Village in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan. It seeks to understand its existence in relation to urban life in Balikpapan. Arendt idea of vita activa and Eriksons life cycle were the tools of anlysis used to understand the socio-economic life of the inhabitants, and the formation of Telaga Mas village which is predominantly made up of fishermen. A qualitative approach, with the aid of observation and interview of participants was used to express the spatial phenomenon by exploring the life experiences of the inhabitants of Telega Mas village. The findings of the study show that the people of Kampong Telaga Mas play a significant role in contributing towards Balikpapans economy especially in suppying sea foods and promoting trade among islands in the archipelago. This means that Telaga Mas village is an integral part of Balikpapans urban fabric. Keywords : Life Cycle, Urbanization, Urban-Village, Constitution of society


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

BENEFITS BEYOND COST SAVING THROUGH ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN LIVABLE SPACE Siti Astrid Kusumawardhani Energy Efficiency and Conservation Clearing House Indonesia (EECCHI) Rita Walaretina Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta-Indonesia Abstract
Energy efficiency is becoming more important in the wake of growing global carbon emissions and climate change that is becoming more difficult to mitigate. In addition to slowing down climate change, energy efficiency will also help preserve the dwindling levels of fossil fuel reserves which serve as an important buffer for energy security especially in developing countries. In commercial and residential sector energy is mostly used as electricity, making utilities bill a significant monthly cost. With the continuing increase of electricity tariff, many buildings start to look towards energy efficiency to minimize their utility cost. Measures taken to improve energy efficiency include improving insulation and proper HVAC system, daylight optimization, and energy efficient design and technology. A literature review is used to highlight the benefits of energy efficiency in livable space beyond the obvious cost saving, namely: increased productivity, reduced absenteeism, employee retention, increased building value and rent premium, as well as enhanced reputation. These benefits beyond cost saving objectives ultimately result in energy cost saving, making energy efficiency a profitable option. The livable space in this context is narrowed to commercial buildings such as multi-level residential buildings and office buildings. Keywords: benefits beyond cost saving, energy efficiency, livable space

CREATING A LIVEABLE SPACE - MAKING A CITY PLACE Behavioral Approach : Martin Place Pedestrian Precinct Sydney - Australia Susanti W. Indrarajasa Urban Designer/ Landscape Architect, Jakarta, Indonesia Abstract
The Martin Place Pedestrian Precinct is located in the CBD of Sydney. With an approximately 430 meters length and 30 meters width, bound by four blocks of offices and commercial buildings to its North and South, this Precinct forms a classic example of liveable public space. The sacredness and monumentality of this historical place has been gradually changed into a


busy business place. This change has made the area more friendly and useful, has also destroyed the former character of the place on the other hand. The aim of study is to establish the impact of the structural aspect of the design on the behavior of the users, in relation to habitable factors of public place. The basic observation tools were behaviorsetting surveys and behavior mapping through recording behavior, environment, and time. Activities and impressions were noted and recorded on standard assessment sheets, and photographs and sketches were taken to show how the public space was utilized and organized. Questionnaires were used to ascertain and cross check the findings. Through empirical investigation and observation, the findings of the study were evaluated and critically discussed based on the theoretical framework and the issues of creating a habitable and liveable public space. The findings of the study indicate that respondents consider it important to improve the quality of the space by improving public facilities and accessibility for people with disabilities. The freedom of expression in the public space is found to be an important factor in determining the success of the place. Key Words: Behaviour, Habitability, Public space.

ADAPTIVE ROOF TOPS AS A MULTI-FUNCTIONAL BREATHING SPACE: THE OLD DHAKA CONTEXT Wahida Iffat, Md. Nawrose Fatemi Lecturer, Department of Architecture, University of Asia Pacific, Bangladesh * E-mail of corresponding author: Abstract
In its 400 years history, Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh grew from a small trading town to a metropolis. The city primarily grew organically by the side of River Buriganga and later had a number of planned schemes incorporated to it. However, the old core of Dhaka, due to its morphological character, social structure and cultural richness has remained more or less in the same time-space. Over time, due to high population density and poor maintenance, this area fell short of social interaction spaces, thus compromising the quality of life in it. The narrow roads and the roof tops are the only open spaces left here for the expression of diversity, both cultural and personal. The constraints of open spaces have led the people of old Dhaka to adapt to very vibrant and diversified ways of using their rooftops. This paper attempts to focus on certain parts of the residential area of old Dhaka, with a preposition that the role of roof tops be re-thought; and also find out their potential to serve as a diversified multi-functional space with the aim of creating a liveable community life. Keywords: Rooftops, Adaptive, Multi-functional, Breathing Space, Old Dhaka


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012


Moderator: Dr. Ir. Agus Saladin, MA. / Dr. Ir. Dermawati, MTA
SOCIO-SPATIAL CONTROL IN CREATING LIVABLE SPACES Dedes Nur Gandarum Department of Architecture Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia Abstract
Livable spaces in human settlements are spatial dimensions as well as physical expressions of economic and social activity. However, the modern cities have dehumanized people and its citizens are having less or even no power to control their own lives. In times of globalization and economization of all spheres of life, the population is confronted with uncertainties regarding all aspects of their life. Socio-spatial segregation in urban environment arises in response to the rising uncertainties and insecurities. People need to identify themselves with their neighborhood or closely related groups. The issue in this paper focuses on the socio spatial control pattern implications of creating livable space of human settlements in urban environments. The discussion in this paper will be primarily based on literature study supported by several research findings. It is concluded that the spatial differentiation in human settlement results from residents initiatives and the formation of its entire structure is determined by the interaction of self planning, collective planning, and self-organizing. These processes of development result in form of settlements which are considered to represent the physical, and the material expression of the processes of community life. In this context, the human settlement structure in urban environment should be re-interpreted as a granulatory fabric of diverse small units, and each unit has a potential for self-determination. Based on this conception of the human settlement structure, effort of creating livable space in urban environment should be focused on the reconfiguration and the rescaling of urban space control, responding to the socio-spatial implications of the diversification of stakeholders with different and sometimes competing interests. Keywords: livable space, socio-spatial control, settlement structure, granulatory fabric

BEHAVIOR SETTING INTERIOR RESIDENTIAL SPACE FOR BETTER LIFE Dwi Sulistyawati Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia; Abstract
Spatial behavior is a response action that describes a persons preferences in response to emotional or behavioral tendencies that arise from human interactions with the physical


environment in which they are located. An Individuals response to his/her environment depends on how the individual perceives the environment. One of the things that man perceives about the environment is the space around him, whether natural space or artificial space. Occupancy of space in the container is very important for human activities. With human activities in space, there is need for facilities and supporting arrangements within the space regardless of whether this need is noticed or not. Many of the few facilities in the building interior architecture are believed to have failed in their function to promote normal behavior. This failure has mainly been attributed to the failure of the designers/architectures in general in giving more attention to research on the needs of potential users in preparing a design especially in the quantitative aspects such as the standardization of the breadth and height of the space. The qualitative aspects although sometimes investigated are in general commonly associated with style and themes that sometimes arise from the aesthetic needs and trends only. The influence of architectural interior design within the building can be that a facilitator of behavior but also prohibitive of behavior. Therefore, in designing a residential building interior, the designer not only bases on his own imagination, but also on the human needs of the user of space. How human beings behave and move in a residential living environment determine the failure or success of a quality residential setting in improving the life of the user. The study of human behavior and the environment helps in the understanding of the links between human behavior and the physical environmental setting, which can in turn guide planners in the designing/planning process with an understanding of human behavior.

LAPAK HOUSES: ANOTHER FORM OF GATED COMMUNITY? Eka Permanasari, PhD Program Studi Arsitektur, Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Indonesia E-mail: Abstract
The rise of exclusive gated community in Indonesia mushroomed following the 1998 riots. From those introducing hyper-real by bringing the world closer to you to the ones emerging the local wisdom (Permanasari, 2006). Outsiders are kept away by walls and subject to investigation at the check point gate. Yet, this form of gated community is not solely exclusive to those designed by architects with their fancy gates. The design of Lapak houses is a replica of the styles of exclusive gated communities along with their row housing arrangement. Visitors are subjected to interrogation and secluded from the inhabitants. The row houses face each other separated by narrows roads in the middle. Lapak houses are an apery of exclusive gated community. Even so, to what extent have the inhabitants of Lapak houses emerged and formed the gated community? How do people interact within the community and build their identity in urban form? How is the distinction between the inside and outside world determined?. Keywords: Gated community, informal settlements, lega


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

A STUDY ON LAND USE CONTROL: LESSONS LEARNED FROM UNITED STATE OF AMERICA, BRITAIN AND CANADA Korlena Doctoral Program Architecture & Planning Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta Achmad Djunaedi Department of Architecture & Planning Faculty of Engineering Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta Leksono Probosubanu Department of Architecture & Planning Faculty of Engineering Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta Nurhasan Ismail Faculty of Law Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta Abstract
In the implementation of spatial planning in Indonesia, local governments are charged with the responsibilities of; drafting land use plans, implementing of land use planning, and controlling of land use implementation. As part of development control, land use control attempts to ensure that the implementation of land use planning is in accordance with the plans. It is also useful in developing quality livable space for human and other living creatures. Based on Spatial Planning Act No.26/2007, land use control in Indonesia is carried out through the establishment of zoning regulation, licensing, provision of incentives and disincentives as well as the imposition of sanctions. Currently, zoning regulation is a new instrument and only a few cities in Indonesia have embraced and used it as a land use control instrument. Local governments have to create zoning regulation and use it to control land use in their area. A comparative study is therefore deemed necessary to learn from the other countries that have made use of different land use control systems; and zoning regulation as a land use control instrument. United State of America, Britain and Canada are cited as relevant case studies in this research because of their success in land use control. This study used a descriptive approach based on literature review. The findings of the study reveal that: (1) there is a similarity between United State of America (USA), Britain and Canada in their success of land use control; (2) There are different types of land use control system in these three countries. Most of cities in USA, except Houston City, use regulatory system. In this system, decision for a land use application is only based on zoning regulation. Britain applies discretionary system where the owners right to develop is controlled, not by a zoning regulation, but by the planning authoritys discretion. Meanwhile, Canada applies a moderate alternative system. Canada combines the regulatory system and discretionary system, incorporating the advantages of the two systems to come up with the moderate system. Keywords: land use control, regulatory system, discretionary system, moderate system, zoning regulation


GO GREEN: AN ATTEMPT TO ENCOURAGE CONSERVATION AND PRO-ENVIRONMENT BEHAVIOUR IN AL GHAZALI ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOLS STUDENTS 1 AT DESA CURUG, PARUNG, BOGOR Masni Erika Firmiana, Rochimah Imawati, Meithya Rose Prasetya Department of Psychology, University of Al Azhar Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia,,

Al Ghazali Islamic Boarding School (Pondok Pesantren; hereinafter referred to as Pontren) carries out several daily cleaning activities. First, the students collect garbage daily, which is immediately burnt. The burning results in the production of CO 2 that might trigger air pollution. Next, the daily domestic garbage is collected behind the school for pickups by the garbage collector to the landfill area. For the second activity, the school spends up to Rp700,000 per month despite the fact that the school is not a strongly established institution financially. Initially, the Team designed a social intervention program to encourage environmental-friendly and nature conservation-based behaviour that would become a benchmark for better environment in the future. The intervention program applies consciousness raising, conservation psychology model, knowledge - related conservation behaviour, and educational intervention. After getting through all these processes, the students can comprehend, and are willing to implement the expected pro-environmental behaviour, although some hindrance factors arise in the form of teachers assignments. Integration and cooperation from all related parties (team, school, and teachers) requires immediate attention. The subsequent intervention will be directed to teachers and school, by using Banduras Social Learning Theory. Key words: consciousness raising, conservation psychology model, educational intervention, knowledge-related conservation behaviour.

CREATING LIVABLE SPACE FOR LOW-INCOME SOCIETY IN URBAN AREA BASED ON LIVING CULTURE Case Study: Multi-Storey Owned Housing in Jakarta Nina Nurdiani Lecturer at Architecture Department, BINUS University, Jakarta - Indonesia Student, Program Doctor of Architecture - Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia *e-mail: / Abstract
Multi-storey owned housing (Rumah Susun Sederhana/Rusuna) is a new form of living space which has been provided for low-income society in Indonesia, adapted from the vertical


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

public housing for modern urban society in developed countries. Original occupants as target group dwellers (programmed) have unique characteristics and different living cultures from modern society in developed countries. Original occupants in multi-storey owned housing do adaptation process to address the gaps that occur between the living cultures of the dwellers with their living space. The objectives of this study are to explore and understand the dwelling process of original occupants in multi-storey owned housing in Jakarta, and use it as a benchmark in providing for vertical housing and creating livable dwelling space for lowincome society in urban areas of Indonesia, especially in Jakarta. A descriptive approach based on field research in multi-storey owned housing in Jakarta and a descriptive analysis was used in this study. Result of this study reveals information about characteristics of original occupants at multi-storey owned housing and their dwelling process. There are gaps that occur between the living cultures of the dwellers with their dwelling space which is expressed through adaptation and adjustment process by dwellers. Keywords: livable space, living culture, low-income society, multi-storey owned housing, urban area.

LIVABLE SPACE OF OPEN SPACE : A STUDY OF TAMAN MENTENG IN CENTRAL JAKARTA Nuzuliar rahmah Architecture Department Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta Email : Abstrack
Open space is one of the important elements in the planning and designing of urban environtment, where these spaces are expected to support social and cultural activities. The city must be read as a text, allowing people to appreciate and enrich its meaning through everyday utilization. In Jakarta, open spaces are dedicated to public use for various social and cultural activities. The concept of liveble open space has been contested in terms of the degree to which the open space has been designed to accommodate; care for the public realm; as well connect and allow people to interact. This paper focuses its investigation on the role of Taman Menteng square as a contested livable space. It explores how this public space became well designed and attractive; explains the background and the historical precedent of Menteng Square since the colonial era; analyzes the transformation of meaning and usage of the square now. A field survey was conducted to identify and describe why the functions of this open space are decreasing; to figure out how to apply the principles of good open space; and to explain the theory of power in everyday life as the analysis of the case study.


ADAPTIVE LIVABLE OF THE UNIT TO THE HUMAN CHARACTER DESIGN Case Study: Vertical Rental Housing Tambora, West Jacarta Ratih Budiarti Jurusan Arsitektur Universitas Trisakti Jl. Kyai Tapa no 1, Grogol-Jakarta 11440 Abstract
Humans as living creatures need living place as space for activity and refuge against any potential dangers from elements of weather. For this reason, the government made effort to construct vertical houses for people in need of housing in big cities like Jakarta. A comparative descriptive approach was used in this study, where housing types that measured 18, 21 and 30 square meters in Tambora Vertical Housing were selected. West Jakarta is inhabited by people who have been re-located. To minimize land usage, landlords through their creativity design the interior space in a way that rightly meets their needs. The result of the study reveals that: background, education, occupation or economic factors are the primary factors owner put into consideration when designing their livable space. These can be used for information on how to design the vertical building in technical and non technical ways. Keywords: livable, adaptive, vertical housing,Tambora

SETU BABAKAN BETAWI CULTURAL VILLAGE IN SRENGSENG SAWAH-SOUTH JAKARTA: CREATING SPACE FOR BETTER LIFE Rita Walaretina Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning Trisakti University, Jakarta-Indonesia

Setu Babakan, located in Srengseng Sawah, South Jakarta, is a cultural heritage for the Betawi people; a culture celebrated as the first to flourish within the heart of Indonesias capital city. Ever since Setu Babakan became formally designated as a Betawi cultural village for the Betawi culture by the provincial government of DKI Jakarta, the village itself has gone through rapid development and became better-directed in fulfilling its aim of preserving the nearly extinct Betawi culture in todays Jakarta. This paper is an explorative preliminary study which explores the understanding of architectural space, the Betawi culture and the Betawi traditional architecture of Setu Babakan. This study uses these three areas as points of reference during data collection. The use of space in Setu Babakan shows improvement after


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

the construction became more in line with the heritage preservation program of the government. The element of architectural space, such as place and nodes, can be seen through the clustering and concentration of masses inside Setu Babakan, specifically at the area referred to as the center for the development of the Betawi culture, which takes the of form a theater stage - a studio for the Betawi traditional art, and a functional hall. The organization of path and axis are assembled clearly so that the domain and district are easily recognized. Additionally, various aspects of the Betawi culture, such as theater performances, traditional dance, the art of self-defense, as well as its ceremonies and culinary, have shown to thrive at Setu Babakan. Furthermore, the houses located inside this cultural village have also been purposely constructed to meet the design of traditional Betawi houses, visually identifiable from the shape of the roof, the various decorations on the roof and the railing of the front porch. It can be seen that by paying close attention to the principles of the heritage preservation program, Setu Babakan fulfilled its aim of preserving and sustaining the Betawi culture and advanced into a livable space with an improved quality of architectural design. Keywords: betawi cultural village, setu babakan, space for better life

This paper is a case study of Muarasari sub-district in the southern part of Bogor District. It makes reference to the literature on livable cities and the regions efforts to bring this concept to reality. The paper seeks to answer two central questions: What key factors affect the livability of a city and how does livability relate to sustainability? Livability is defined as quality of life, as experienced by residents within a city or region. This research focuses on Muarasari sub-district and the Citys Plans that is, the Livable Region Strategic Plan; and the Regions Sustainability Initiative. It provides lessons for other cities and regions. The paper concludes that for Bogor City: livability, sustainability and resiliency are three intertwined elements that together will define the quality of life of current and future residents. What is livability and what elements constitute a livable city? Definitions of livability entail an array of issues underpinned by common users guiding principles: accessibility, equity, and participation that give substance to concepts of livability. The quality of life experienced by citizens living in a city is tied to their ability to access infrastructures, water, and sanitation, food, clean air, affordable housing, meaningful employment, and green space and parks. The differential access of people within a city to the infrastructure and amenities raises questions


on equity. The livability of a city is also determined by the rights that the residents have to participate in decision-making to meet their needs. For the purpose of this paper, livability will be defined as quality of life as experienced by the residents within a city or region. In a similar context sustainability is used to refer to the ability to sustain the quality of life we value or to which we aspire. For operational purposes, sustainability is often viewed as enhancing the economic, social, cultural and environmental well-being of current and future residents. Keywords: community participation, neighbourhood development, urban design, creating space.

Plenary Session 2
Moderator Dr.Ir. Agus Budi Purnomo, MSc

GLOBAL TREND FOR BUILDING : GREEN AND HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING Rana Yusuf Nasir Director Rating & Technology Green Building Council Indonesia Abstract
As global population significant growth for the last century reaching about almost 7 billion people, makes a significant growth also an increasing number of building for live space, for working and for other activity. Buildings have a surprisingly profound impact on our natural environment, economy, health, and productivity. Building should be designed for not spoiling the environment, better indoor quality to reduce health risk, comfortable space to increase working spirit to boost the productivity and in from economy aspect, has a better life cycle cost. From this perspective, green building concept and as well as high performance building concept was created. This paper describe about two major parts : one about green building concept by introducing GREENSHIP Rating Tools developed by Green Building Council Indonesia for better live space and second about global trend in achieving a high performance building to reduce energy consumption in building as an effort to reduce greenhouse gas emission.


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

GENERATING SUSTAINABLE GREEN OPEN SPACE DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN RESIDENTIAL AREAS THROUGH COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION APPROACH Ady Rizalsyah Thahir Director of Community Services Institute, Trisakti University Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia, Abstract
The increase of urban population is closely interconnected to the demand for living spaces that accommodate various urban activities. When the balance between the need for, and the availability of, such spaces is disturbed, unlivable spaces are generated which would eventually downgrade the quality of urban environment. Bearing in mind the increasing clamor over global warming during the last two decades, Urban Planners should carefully anticipate the issue and put their focus on, and even provoke the creation of Sustainable Green Space Development, including the creation of open green urban spaces. Accommodating the aspirations and participation of citizens, through the application of the development principle based on from, by and for them, becomes a most important part of the strategy to achieve sustainable development patterns. The worsening environmental deterioration due to the stakeholders becoming unheedful about the issue should be taken into serious consideration. In the study, observations have been conducted in a descriptive manner by using a non randomized experimental design using control at three neighborhoods in West Jakarta, with one of them being the controller. It was showing that after the first 6 months, the application of green environment approach in the neighborhoods was maintained through self-help and communal actions. Community organizations that have been established on the spirit of mutual co-operation becomes determinative for the success of such sustainable pattern; the sustanability would in phases also improve the peoples economy and their social interaction. The involvement of local governments, the private sector and the community would also greatly influence the creation of Sustainable Green Development Pattern, and should continuously be evaluated and improved for replications in other locations in an ever perfect process. Keywords: sustainable, green open space, participation, partnership.


Friday, February 17, 2012 Plenary Session 3

Moderator Dr.-Ing. Ir. I G Oka Sindhu Pribadi, M.Sc. MM (Usakti)
The basic physical ideas, principles and phenomena of building are almost 5000 years old. The discipline "building physics" in the modern sense is relatively young. It covers a broad spectrum of phenomena occurring in constructions and includes the aspects of heat (energy), humidity, sound, fire and light. This can appear in some cases inside of rooms, in the components themselves and in the environment of buildings, i.e. in their urban network. Physics covers a wide range of phenomena occurring in the building. As these occur in both inside the rooms and around the buildings, they are often perceived directly or indirectly by humans. Thus they influence the wellbeing of concerned people positively or negatively. In order to enhance the positive effects and to prevent the negative once, the phenomena must be recognized and explored. Especially today, with daily growing challenges, building physics knowledge plays an extremely important role for the wellbeing of the people. Building physics is therefore an integral part of studies at the University of Stuttgart in several programs, such as architecture, civil engineering, real estate technique and real estate business, environmental engineering and technique education.

Department of Architecture Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning Institute of Technology Sepuluh November ITS Surabaya - Indonesia

Space and Better living are continuing issues and discourse in architecture. It covers as large as philosophical to practical ones. We may find, for instance, issues in space as one of construction of mind in one extreme, and space as one of volume in certain magnitude at its other extreme. In terms of better living we may also find similar extremes. We may also find that since the times of modern era, space is practically considered as volume of certain magnitude, as is exemplified in a number of standards of areas needed for particular activity; while in terms of better living the focus is in comfort that should be provided in particular


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

room. Unfortunately, we the Indonesians-- hardly aware and realize that they are not only of western sources, but more importantly, of western mindset. Since they are beautifully and neatly concealed under one objectivity of mind and reason, science, most of us know and accept them as the objective and correct standards. The fact that the West (ie. Europe and North America) are region with four seasons climate system has unavoidably underlies the building of those standards and knowledge. Indonesia and other tropical areas of the world is not region in such a four seasons climate system; it is in a two seasons climate system. This two climate seasons is not simply a variant of climate system; it is of the other climate system, as will be demonstrated in this paper. Hence, we may consider this paper as talking about space for better living from the point of view of climate system. The clock remains ticking, While the ideals of having architecture that serves better living is always at hand, we are confronted with the question whose living: the wealthy few or every single people, the elite or the common and the elite people. To the four season climate system, living with artificial climate is not incorrect; even the attitude of taking aside the climate is understandable. To the two season climate system, living with natural climate is also not incorrect; and the attitude of optimizing the natural climate is understandable. These two climate system is fundamentally different, and it must be a fatal mistake and fundamental incorrectness to deal with one as a variant of the other. The fact that our knowledge in two season climate system is very poor, that does not mean that this system be discarded. The call for architecture for better living is demanding a definite respond: a denial (and ultimately, elimination) of two season climate system, or an equal, yet distinct, both two and four season climate system. The former is quite easy while the latter requires hard work. The former will make architecture in Indonesia serves the wealthy few, while the latter will serves the whole people of Indonesia.

USER ORIENTED DESIGN PROCESS Agus Budi Purnomo University of Trisakti Research Institute Jakarta, Indonesia Abstract
Architecture can be defined as human creation. Architecture is created by human and for human. However, in the real world, through the history of architecture, human component had receded to the background over shadowed by personal idea of the designers. As a result space designed by architects is often aliened by human being. In other words such space ceased to become livable. In this paper I will discuss about an increasingly used user oriented design process. Such method can re-humanize spaces that are designed by architects and designer at large. The user oriented design process discussed in the paper will include user oriented parametric design, user oriented design process, phenomenological approaches, and participatory design process. In this paper I also discuss the consequences of the user oriented design to the pedagogical aspects in design schools. Therefore, the applications of user oriented design process can also be taught to younger generation and future designers. Keywords: User, stakeholder, parameters, phenomenology, participatory design.


Parallel Session 2 THE CONCEPT OF LIVABLE SPACE Moderator: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ir. Dedes Nur Gandarum, MSA
THE CONCEPT OF LIVABLE SPACE IN EXISTING BIG CITIES IN INDONESIA CASE STUDY REVITALIZATION OF SRIWEDARI PARK IN SURAKARTA Bambang Panudju1* Sugeng Triyadi S2* Andi Harapan S3* 1* PT. BITA Bina Semesta, Bandung, Indonesia 2,3* PT. BITA Enarcon Engineering, Bandung, Indonesia Abstract
Livable space is an important facet in the development of a livable city, among the many other factors that contribute toward the quality of life in the urban space. Livable space can be defined as the space which is functional, pleasant, safe, affordable, and supportive of human community. Livable space is often associated with the following key elements: attractiveness; pedestrian-oriented public realm; green, affordable, and accessible; a clean natural environment; places that feel safe and acceptable to a diverse range of users; the presence of meaningful cultural, historical, and ecological features; and friendly, communityoriented social environments. Keywords: Characteristic of existing medium city, concept of livable space at existing medium city, revitalization, Sriwedari Park in Surakarta

THE MOSQUE TERRITORIES AND ITS DEVELOPMENT AS MANIFESTATION OF CHANGES IN THE FUNCTION Dhini Dewiyanti Tantarto Doctoral Student SAPPK Institut Teknologi Bandung e-mail : Abstract
At the beginning, the mosque actually functioned as a private space for profession. As it grew, the mosque could also now be used for several activities that involve human social dimension with the mosque as the center for the activities. Sacred mosque, which was valued as a private place, can also be converted to public space, so that devotion to God is not only


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

confined in ritual activities in relation with God. Urban mosques were very open to the dynamic developments of life and activities that grow in society, mixing with the economic, cultural, even political aspects. The process of ritual worship is an individualized process that requires personal space. Problems arise as a result of the activities growing, especially on Fridays and other holy days, as well as through the effect of urban growth, particularly in the informal sector of the economy. This paper attempts to discuss the dimensions of the various functions of the mosques in connection with their territories, which should be able to meet the various needs of each other and be able to enjoy the convenience of its space. Keywords: territories, private and public, convenience

The railway mode of transportation is the most ecological friendly and efficient compared to other motorized transportation modes. Nevertheless, in the context of land transportation, railway transport is less popular than other motorized road transportation modes (bus, car, motorcycle). Recent developments have only concentrated around railway networks, without integrating the surrounding urban areas. As a consequence, areas around the railway stations cannot grow up optimally because it is far from potential users. On the other hand, road transportation mode is more popular than the railway because it is more accessible given the fact that the center of urban district development is oriented to roads as the main mobility routes. Basically, ROD (Railway-Oriented Development) is a concept of urban development based on the concept of TOD (Transit-Oriented Development). This concept encourages the growth of compact and mixed-use urban areas that are close to public transportation routes. Therefore, the railway station could contribute to improvement in the quality of urban life through the transformational concept of ROD. This paper elaborates on the transit-oriented development model for livability of railway station district in city area (Solo Kota), city surburb (Sukoharjo), urban remote area (Pasar Nguter) and core urban area (Wonogiri) through exploration of mobility pattern, urban form and public transportation system. Keywords: livability, Railway-Oriented Development, railway station district, urban form


CREATING SPACE CHARACTER THROUGH THE PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH TO BEHAVIOR Munichy B. Edrees Staff Lecturer Department of Architecture, Islamic University of Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Email:; Abstract
Room or space can not be described only by the physical form/ visible to the eye alone. Many of the spaces formed are 'virtual' to us. In an urban setting, space is a very crucial issue, because it involves many users. Therefore, if space designing is not properly done, there will be 'friction' between users. Social problems, behavioral problems, can be avoided by space design. Urban development must cater for the possibilities of 'transactions' especially between the physical environment and the human-social aspects, and improvement of conditions, so as to design and build a better society. For that reason, there is a need for creating a character space, so that its inhabitants or users are able to develop a sense of 'possession' to the space, a sense of comfort, a sense of security, thereby creating a reciprocal relationship between the space and the users, on the other hand bring a sense of responsibility to the users of the space. This would create harmony between users with the space, or between the users and the media space (space character). The value of 'space' is a challenge to the theory and practice in space design. It would be a novelty in practice where the architectural design and urban spaces are treated as a psychological phenomena; where social and cultural spaces can be accommodated, where separate room designations and structure spaces have complete facilities, add and even organize or form spaces in a way that corresponds to the behavioral patterns of society, as though these spaces have a 'soul'. For that reason, it needs a psychological approach to behavior of the users in creating a space character; one with a soul, so that it will be able to improve the quality of life of its users. Keywords: friction between users-space character-psychological approach to behavioral

PERCEPTION OF THE RESIDENTS AND CORRELATION CONCEPT FENG SHUI SPACE WITH TRADITIONAL HOUSING SPACE IN BALI Rudy Trisno Department of Architecture Faculty of Civi Engineering and Planning, Tarumanagara University, Jakarta, Indonesia e-mail:
Abstract In these globalization era, there are many houses that is built by adopting the Feng Shui concept. In Bali for instance, they adopt the concept of Nawa Sanga, a similar concept with


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

Feng Shui that has the same goal of prosperity and health for the people who lives inside. To achieve this goal, there are factors such as human perceptions and the nature of the human that includes the Career/Occupation, education, religion and age as well as building zone and the location of the main door. This thesis will investigate further connection between the concept of Nawa Sanga and Feng Shui. Feng Shui concept is universal and could be adopted in any building and houses, including the Bali Traditional house that already adopted Nawa Sanga concept. To be able to concretely find the connection and the similarity between this two concepts, Feng Shui template that could measure the Nawa Sanga concept is needed. For the purpose of the investigation and research, the sample was taken from various location in Bali such as, Candidasa, Abang, Tejakula, Bangli, Ubud, Singaraja and near Batur lake in Kintamani. All of the location above is surrounded by Agung mountain. Further connections between human perceptions and Feng Shui template could proof that the concept of Feng Shui is similar and it could be adopted for building traditional Bali houses or any other houses. Key word: Feng Shui and Nawa Sanga.

WOODEN BUILDING LIVING SPACE AS A CULTURAL HERITAGE EFFORT & ISSUES TOBITA Chizuru Student in PhD. Program University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba city, Japan, Abstract
In Hoi An, many wooden buildings influenced by Chinese culture are still in existence. Efforts have been made to conserve these historical buildings and the surrounding historical environment. Traditional Japanese methods of wooden architecture restoration were introduced as part of these efforts. This paper examines the vantage point of combining comfortable space and historical environment in maintaining livable space, house in-door usage, ventilation and daylight and increasing the residential rooms, for 72 restored historical houses since 1993. The findings of the study are as follows: the use of space allows for the ridge to be positioned opposite the road with shop or reception room. The use of the rear house and second floor varies according to size of the family or family structure. Ventilation and daylight are maintained using courtyard. The number of rooms is increased by partitioning the wall or floor without changing structures like columns or beams. In cases where there are no roof truss, a floor is added to make a second floor. This is because a typical Hoi An townhouse comprised of a wooden framework and wall structures. Demountable partition wall and attachment wall maintained the historical architecture and adjusted the number of resident members, in accordance with the conservation regulations. The combination of a change in life style and historical environment improves the living space. Keywords: Wooden building, Townhouse, Historical area, Hoi An, Vietnam


GERTAK AS A PUBLIC SPACE AT THE RIVERSIDE SETTLEMENT IN WEST KALIMANTAN CASE STUDY ON BETING SETTLEMENT IN PONTIANAK CITY Uray Fery Andi Doctoral Program at SAPPK - Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha Bandung, Indonesia, Email. Abstract
Gertak is a pathway made from wood across water, connecting houses in the riverside settlement in West Kalimantan. In urban settlement Gertak serves the same purpose as a street or alley, for circulation of humans and vehicles. Gertak have many functions other than as a circulation path. It functions as a place where people can gather, mingle, hang clothes, as a courtyard, and even provides a venue for activities of carbide cannons on some special religious events like Ramadhan. The purpose of this study is to investigate the existence of Gertak in Malay riverside settlements in addition to functioning as a circulation path as well as public space between people within the settlements. The study was based on typology method and field survey to observe the existence of Gertak in the riverside settlement in West Kalimantan; case study being Beting Settlement in Pontianak City. How do the Gertak interact with the activities and the needs of the people on the settlement. Indeed,various types of Gertak serve diverse functions. Besides serving as a circulation path, it also served as a communal space between the communities instead of land or ground on the riverside settlements. Keywords: Gertak, Beting, Riverside Settlement in West Kalimantan


EXPANSION OF PUBLIC AREA IN THE UNIQUE SETTLEMENTS Case on Chinese Settlements Surrounding Pasar Gedhe Surakarta Dhani Mutiari Architecture Department, Engineering Faculty, Muhammadiyah Surakarta University Email: Abstract
Transformation of an area from serving a private function to serving a public function, on the one hand will decrease personal area, but on other hand will give advantage to owners, in


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

terms of increase in land value. Chinese Settlements Surrounding Pasar Gedhe Surakarta have changed since Dutch Colonial era, when Pasar Gedhe was developed as a commercial place in Surakarta. The changes made seriously on 1976 and 1990 because of the wider street regulations at that time. The regulations cut from 3 to 9 m of private land from street line and reduced the dwelling area. In 2011 the government plans to make arcade along the Martadinata Street in the place. The planning aims at creating a public area comfortable for pedestrians. The problem though was how to create a pedestrian lane in trading district without cutting off private land. The research was done in 3 steps, first was looking at development potentials depending on uniqueness of the region by observation and interviews; then comparison and literature study to find the best alternative solution; and lastly was deciding the lay out area concepts basing on the research results and recommendations made The research found that Chinese Settlements surrounding Pasar Gedhe Surakarta not only as trading community that made visitors comfortable, but also as ethnic settlements that needs to be preserved. To conserve shop houses facade and avoid decreasing land area for the occupants, Martadinata Barat Street was recommended for pedestrian use only and free from vehicles. This recommendation made the open space wider at this locality. Key word: transformation, trading, unique

CLUSTER TYPE OF HOUSING FOR DEFENSIBLE SPACE Ira Widayanti Department of Architecture, Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia Abstract
Nowadays, crime and security have become a crucial concern in livable community development, especially in residential environments. Concern about high crime rates and worsening neighborhoods conditions has stirred up interest in Defensible Space. In his book Design Guidelines for Creating Defensible Space Oscar Newman referred to defensible space as "a term used to describe a residential environment whose physical characteristics building layout and site plan function to allow inhabitants themselves to become key agents in ensuring their security." Based on the theory, an area is safer when people experience a sense of belonging and responsibility for the community they live in. Defensible Space will work on the involvement of the residents, as it is essential in preventing criminal conduct and increasing the security of the neighborhood through environmental design. However, from architectural point of view, the design of community area could affect the level of security of Defensible Space. The larger the community, the lesser the residents feel safe; feel the sense of belonging to the community, and the more difficult to feel they have a right to control the activities within. These characteristics are parallel to the cluster type of housing, which consists of a smaller number of houses within a relatively small area contrary to the common urban housing. Thus, this paper is going to illustrate how the cluster housing is providing control, security and sense of belonging to the community, and how the character of the cluster community could be stated as one of Defensible Space typology. Keywords: cluster, community, defensible space, housing, typology.


STUDY ON INPATIENT FACILITIES IN WEST JAVA PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL TO IMPROVE SPACE QUALITY FOR BETTER LIFE OF PATIENTS Juarni Anita Department of Architecture Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia Abstract
Today, economic and social crisis cause lots of stress and mental disorders. According to the data from West Java Psychiatric Hospital, more than three thousand patients needed inpatient treatment annually in the last three years. The conventional facilities in this hospital are inadequate, with many problems since this hospital was constructed in 1956. The objective of this research is to describe the actual condition of inpatient facilities especially for female patients (calm and acute). The research used a qualitative appraoch to understand the daily activities of patients and find whether there is a need for space design. Data collection was done through a survey that involved the observation of the patients activities and interview of nurses and psychiatrists. Literature review was done to obtain the theories about relations between humans and their environments especially for humans with mental disorder; and also find recent issues in psychiatric hospital design.The results of this research are as follows: there is need for patient dining room, special room for daily therapy, isolation room, living room, and psychiatric room for female inpatients in the calm patient category. The female inpatient for acute patient has major problems with unpleasant odor calling for improvement of the floor of individual bed rooms and channel trench around the building. Improvement in space design in form of having different colours for private space and public space; wall graphic in lobby; indirect lighting in bed rooms; laminated safety glass for window and door are also found necessary to enhance space quality for better life of patients. Key Words : inpatient facilities, environmental psychology, design recommendation

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF URBAN NEIGHBORHOOD PLAYGROUND IN RESIDENTIAL TLOGOSARI KULON SEMARANG Nany Yuliastuti Departement Of Urban And Regional Planning Faculty Of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia Abstract
Rapid development of a city, is usuaully associated with a number of problems, one of them being the appearance of changes in land use.The question of land use change is reflected in the lack of open spaces which should serve built-up areas. These changes have impacted on


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

the function of a number of aspects, one of which being the lack of land for children's play area; implying a loss of playground for children who live in cities. This is reflected in the many children who play in places not rightfully designated for this activity. Generally, there is a lack of public facilities for the residents; for example, the playground, which in this case may affect the quality of housing environment. The research was done in Tlogosari Kulon Sub District - Pedurungan District, Semarang. Housing for the middle income people according to statistical data, is in the residential neighborhood that has the largest teen-age population (514 years) in the District of Pedurungan. The purpose of this study is to assess the environmental quality of residential neighborhood in terms of the availability of playground. The research used a quantitative approach with quantitative descriptive analysis techniques and methods of weighting. The quality of life in the residential neighborhood in Tlogosari Kulon Sub District is found to be good enough in terms of availability of space to play. Although it has not been able to achieve the optimal quality standards of a residential environment, many potential contributing factors as capital for creating a comfortable environment and residential playground; good in quality, function and utilization, with children's playground suggest that having a standard residential neighborhood is indeed possible. Keywords: quality of housing, playground, neighborhood.

STREET AS LIVABLE SPACE IN THE URBAN SETTLEMENT Nurhikmah Budi Hartanti Doctoral Candidate in Architecture Department; School of Architecture, Policy Planning and Development (SAPPK); Instititut Teknologi Bandung. Faculty Member of Architecture Department, FTSP, Trisakti University Jakarta Abstract
The Street is a very important urban element that determines the urban pattern and urbans socio-economic life. The urban sprawl and the remarkable increase in the number of vehicles since industrial revolution has brought many changes to the urban form and life due to the nature of street use and function. This paper seeks to explore the nature of street and its function as urban form as well as urban space, especially in the context of urban settlement by comparing the street form and use in a planned middle class settlement (Grogol Petamburan) with that of an unplanned low income one (Pademangan). Cursory observation shows that the dimension of the street, the absence of motor vehicles and the transparency between interior and exterior activities at the street frontage affect the role of street as livable space. Key words: Street, Street function, dimension, frontage


THINGS, ROOM SIZE AND SPACE ADEQUACY IN URBAN HOMES Shahril Anwar Mahmud , Abdullah Sani Ahmad and Aminatuzuhariah Megat Abdullah2 1 Department of Architecture, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 32610 Perak, Malaysia 2, 3 Department of Architecture, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia 1 Abstract
Despite rising living standards and increase dependability on domestic items in modern living, modern homes appear not to be providing adequate amount of space that meet the present day requirements. The study was aimed to explore the perception of room size and space adequacy among residents of urban housing schemes, in light of such development. It emphasizes on the domestic content of things as a critical contributing factor in the assessment of space adequacy in modern households. Data were drawn from a space adequacy survey study conducted on six house variations of three recently developed housing scheme in a relatively new township in the outskirt of Kuala Lumpur (n=179). Evidence is presented to illustrate that there exist disequilibria between the amount of available space, things and the practice associated to the items. What contributes to such disequilibria remains unclear. Nevertheless the finding is interesting for it lays the direction of future research. Research implications are discussed. Keywords: Domestic content, space adequacy.
1 2

SIDEWALK SPACES IN THE CITY: MEANING, USES AND POLITICS Sumarwanto, Eko Nursanty Department of Architecture University of 17 Agustus 1945 (UNTAG) Semarang Indonesia e-mail:, Abstract
Sidewalks are unpretentious, businesslike apropos of gray realistic zigzag placed between roadways and celerity, and their old aerate belies their significance and history as unique but integral part of the street and town life. Dissimilar observers reason that rambles put over spaces are a boost relating to republican, and their intention for the use of historic public spaces to underscore their argument. In new suburban subdivisions, developers avoid the control and responsibilities that public sidewalks may entail. They provide shallow sidewalks, and planners fail to approve them. Balmy unhesitatingly sidewalks are put in place, suburbanites who used them insisted on their cars reaching schools, banks, grocery stores, and other everyday destinations. With the coming of the urban mid-twentieth-century municipality bachelor enumeration, post bulk shield on brand yards discouraged walking or socializing on the sidewalks. Urban observers attempted to interpret the get-up-and-go as a


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

pennant setting of democracy, a surmise that needs to be further examined. At downright imaginative moments, relations unruffled close by to the streets and ambience connected on every side those they find there. Wonted causes and concerns rear join blood congregate, and city sidewalks effort provided the fissure for household to total whether one likes it to survive with a affliction such as a villain pretend to or a beloved presidents assassination, respond to violence, or demand the end of a war. Flick through these thumbnail acts, urbanites flavour trouble or pleasure, insert group identities, and present demands to their government. The increasing number of daily sidewalk encounters is also important and continue to be a way for people to negotiate conflicting interests. Nevertheless, the public realm of the sidewalk serves as a visible site for contestation and conflict. Despite a hundredyear preoccupation with turning the sidewalk into an orderly space for unobstructed movement, widely varying activities are still contested on these narrow strips. As a conclusion, a brief outline of some critical questions about public space and the public sphere is explainedquestions about public spaces of the future and constructs about public space trends that need complementary or challenging explanatory frameworks. Attention is then directed to the various stakeholders who influence what should be included or excluded from public spaces and the role of state intervention. Keywords: public spaces, sidewalk.


Al-Azhar Grand Mosque is one of Indonesias cultural heritages, located in the center of Jakarta business district. From one ordinary building for every day muslim rituals in early years after independence day, this mosque has now developed into a multifunctional center, with Islamic education institutions from play groups to university level and sports facilities. This research was an initial survey to see relationship between visitors building and enviromental perception and motivation to involve in religious activity inside the mosque. The building and environtmental perception discussions centered on: perception of utility, perception of comfort, peception of safety, perception of availibility, perception of beauty and perception of the meaning of mosques historical values .The religious activity motivation consisted of motivation to have individual or communal prayer, motivation to read the Holy Book, and motivation to have religious education inside the mosque environment. The result showed why it is crucial to study these variables more carefully for further research. Several recomendations were also proposed. Keywords: building perception, religious motivation, architectural psychology


THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMAL PUBLIC SPACE TOWARD STUDENTS' BEHAVIOR AND ACTIVITIES Case study: Mercu Buana University Andjar Widajanti Departement of Architecture Mercu Buana University Jakarta , Indonesia e-mail: Abstract
Informal public space for students in the university is formed by students' social environment which is not included in formal educational activities such as in-class learning and lab works. The objective of this research is to establish the relationship between informal student space and their behavior and activities as well as obtain their attributes and the performance characteristics. This research utilized the approach to behavior and environment model using observation and interview techniques for data collection. Observations were based on the Centered Place Map method and Physical Traces while the interviews were conducted on the students in the informal public space. Basing on the observations and interviews conducted on the informal public spaces at the Mercu Buana University Campus, the researcher chose to select 10 cases based on the varieties of the existing spaces. Analysis of each of these cases found an existence of a relationship between space characteristics and the behavioral phenomena as follows: existence of informal public space for positive activities which included: discussions, exchange of ideas, jokes and chatting; and the existence of space for negative activities like: graffiti walls, smoking, gambling and "drinking, and other forms of immorality. Keywords: Student, Positive activities, Negative activities, Attributes, Performance Characteristics.

A SOCIO-GEOGRAPHIC STUDY ON THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE PUNK COMMUNITIES AND PUBLIC SPACE IN JAKARTA Danto Sukmajati Department of Architecture, Mercu Buana University, Jakarta, Indonesia Abstract
For some people, punkers are closely associated with negative behaviors such as drugs, free sex, antisocial, etc. As one of the anti-establishment communities, their activities are much related with public spaces. This study highlights a correlation pattern between punk


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

communities and public spaces in Jakarta; their impact on each other; and the reactions from other communities. It is a qualitative research that used observations and interviews instruments within a socio-geographic framework. The findings of the study revealed the patterns of public space utilization by punkers; how they shared the space with other communities; how they marked the space; perceptions of society and other communites on them; and finally the correlation between the punk community and the public space. Key words: punkers, public space, society, community, socio-geographic

THE CREATION PROCESS OF TEMPORAL CHILDRENS PLAYG SPACE IN HIGH DENSITY URBAN SLUMS Joko Adianto, Achmad Hery Fuad Department of Architecture, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia Abstract
Jakarta, as one of emerging Mega Cities in the world, has grown vertically and horizontally at an escalating rate in the last decade. Unfortunately, the citys growth has excluded the childrens spatial needs, such as playground. Meanwhile, research by experts focuses on the ideal conditions for the childrens playground only in school or housing complex. These models and standards are not suitable for high density urban slums, which lack adequate horizontal space for childrens playground. In Cikini Kramat (Central Jakarta), where this research was done, children created their play spaces in urban public spaces. It reflects the need to create livable space to fulfill unsatisfied needs. With the aid of qualitative method and through spatial behavioral mapping, space-time patterns of urban slums children play space with their complex relations with communitys social network and existing built up environment was discovered. The findings show that the play spaces are temporal and take many forms, and are not only influenced by physical settings but also complex spatial and time relations among other factors. Keywords: play, space, urban, slum, density.

This study is a multidisciplinary research. The related disciplines include: Architecture, Tourism, Economy and Cultural Anthropology. The urgency, phenomena richness, peculiarity and contribution of research have provided the foothold for the exploration of the coastal tourist district of Nusa Lembongan. The objective of research is to find out the investment


pattern in the coastal tourist district of Nusa Lembongan. This study is an exploratory research employing case study method; primary and secondary data, with observation (survey and interview) instrument of data collection. The case study is preferred because this research can be categorized in to qualitative, quantitative or combination of the two. The accommodation architecture typology developing in Nusa Lembongan is largely the development of meten mamben, meten gunung rata and jineng shapes. In its development, the accommodation of developers remains to give meaning on the local tradition that can be seen in the application of Dewata Nawasanga, and Tri Angga concepts in the accommodation layout of both coastal and rural areas. The coastal tourist district morphology of Nusa Lembongan is an accommodation development and growth constituting the change of land use from dry field for drying the seaweed into lodge/accommodation. From 1970s, departing from the then camping under pandanus tree to the local peoples house, and development into home stay in rural area, Nusa Lembongan has been developed into coastal district, with the investment from the local society. In the 1980s the local government played a role in building a Bungalow. In the 1990s foreign investments began to enter, both joint ventures and full investments. The area metamorphose is not linear but sporadic. Meanwhile the morphogenesis can be traced in the meten building typology constituting the characteristics of meten typologys offspring at Majapahit period in Trowulan Mojokerto, East Java. From the typo-morphology, it seems that Dewata Nawasanga concept is a multidimensional spirit crossing space and time (the space in macro-and micro-cosmos context, time in the context of historical civilization). There are 9 (nine) dimensions revealed in the coastal tourist area growth: (1) spatial creation, (2) maintenance, (3) balance, (4) ritual, (5) storage, (6) selection, (7) neutrality, (8) commonness, and (9) natural power dimensions. The investment patterns existing at coastal tourist area accommodation growth of Nusa Lembongan include: (1) Investment by the local communities, (2) Foreign - local community partnership investments, (3) Government-Private Investment, (4) Joint venture investments, (5) Foreign Capital Investments. The investment pattern by the local communities makes the accommodation tend to grow gradually; the foreign local community partnership investment patterns are more instant; Public Private Partnership investment pattern are instant; while the Joint venture investment and Pure Foreign Capital Investment are v ery instant. The relationship between investment pattern and growth is that the more varied the investment pattern, the faster it grows in area. Keyword : Investment Pattern, Morphology

PERCEPTION OF MIDDLE CLASS WIVES IN JAKARTA ABOUT IDEAL HOUSE Primi Artiningrum and Danto Sukmajati Department of Architecture, Mercu Buana University, Jakarta, Indonesia Abstract
The meaning of house for middle class urban families is not limited to just a shelter that fulfills the familys basic needs. House is a place for doing daily activities with all the members of the family with the goal of building strong and warm relationship among them.


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

House is also a means for investment and also acts as a status symbol for the household. Housewives play a dominant role in arranging all activities in a house, so to make house become a home for all the members of the family. Middle Class housewives were the target sample of this research, because in the middle class family the meaning of the house is increasing being accorded a higher regard. The house design can help the family who owned/live in it express themselves. By assessing the perception of Wives in Jakarta, the urban familys house 'needs and wants can be ascertained. At the end, this research will find the characteristics/Typologies of house designs for the urban family that includes physical and non physical (tangible and intangible) elements. Key words: ideal house, perception, wives.

Among the many functions of Public open space are: provision for recreation, events, wildlife habitats, ecology, and social experience for the people. In serving its social function, space and society are clearly related. Social relations can be constituted, mediated and constrained by space. Accessibility is a key aspect in urban designs social dimension. Moreover accessibility tends to minimize social segregation and fragmentation that threaten inclusion in space. Some public open space provide for some social groups such as those with disabilities, women, children and the elderly. This paper discusses how accessibility is one of the key factors in accommodating the needs of social groups and provision for spatial equitable space issues. According to Carr (2007), design strategies of space tend to increase the choice by identifying 3 forms, that is; visual access, symbolic access, and physical access. This consequently enhances urban livability through inclusion and equitable space especially for certain social groups. Keywords: public open space, accessibility, design strategies


MISCELLANEOUS Moderator: Dr. Ir. Hardi Utomo, MS

APPLICATION OF UNIVERSAL DESIGN PRINCIPLES IN FACILITATING SALAT AND WUDU IN THE MOSQUE Aldyfra L. Lukman. ST., MT Department of Architecture, Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Bintaro Jaya, South Tangerang, Indonesia Abstract
Indonesia is a country with the largest Muslim population in the world. As a container of Muslims activities, Mosques play an important role in the daily life of most of the Indonesian people. Mosques spaces can also be defined as living spaces. Every Muslim has rights and obligations to perform rituals and other various activities in the mosque, regardless of his/her status, physical condition, age, or gender. Therefore, Mosques should be accessible and comfortable for all of its users who come from various walks of life. Applying the Principles of Universal Design may support mosques in making their spaces become more livable and more accessible. Several spaces or facilities in mosques have adhered to the standards based on the Principles of Universal Design, but there are spaces which have not adequately embraced these standards. They are spaces being used for Salat (prayer) and Wudu (ablution) activities. The Principles of Universal Design were developed from the Concepts of Barrier Free Design and Accessible Design which enable products and environments to fulfill the needs of its diverse users with a wide variety of characteristics. This research attempts to answer the question What kind of Universal Design Application can be utilized to facilitate Salat and Wudu in the Mosques? This research was conducted by reviewing available materials related to Universal Design, Salat, and Wudu; and then combining these materials to formulate guidelines that can be applied in Mosques spaces. The researcher hopes that the results of the research will be helpful in enhancing the quality of activities performed in Mosques spaces. Keywords: Mosque, Salat, Universal Design, Wudu.


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

AN OLD BUILDING IN THE COLONIAL HERITAGE STYLE OF 1938 APPEARING TODAY AS A MODERN-STYLE BUILDING (A Case Study of Architectural Conservation of The Cultural Preservation of The Driekleur Building As A BTPN Bank Office in Bandung) Alwin Suryono , Antariksa , Salura Purnama Architecture Department, Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung Indonesia 2 Architecture Department, Brawijaya University, Malang Indonesia Architecture Department, Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung Indonesia

Modernity makes certain demands on banks these days, both in terms of their banking activities and the appearance of their buildings. In Bandung, the 1938 colonial heritage building known as De Driekleur (Tri-color) designed by A.F. Aalbers has been used as the office building for the national private bank (BTPN), still retains its characteristically modern and stylish look in 2011. The study of the architectural conservation of this building has been conducted using an architectural approach (form-function-meaning) and cultural values (aesthetics, landmark, history, technological aspects, politics, and peculiar features). The objectives of this study are to: describe the various building elements in need of conservation (by way of analyzing the aforementioned approach and values), suggest the most appropriate kind of conservation, as well as make an evaluation of the actual conservation and its developments. The research took a qualitative approach employing the descriptive method. Interpreting the function of the building in question was accomplished through an analysis of the activities and various related aspects; its form read through its covering, interior space and related spatial surroundings; while its meaning was interpreted using the concept of collective meaning (linked to shape, function, and the spirit of the age). The elements of the building in need of conservation consists of its covering (surface composition in massive-transparent, horizontally curved elements made of smooth and rough materials); interior space; and the yard along with its vegetation protecting the building against pollution and traffic noise. The architectural functions that need to hold out are: the physical function of the building (providing comfort in terms of spatial, thermal, and audio-visual aspects) and the landmark function. The architectural meaning of the building that needs to remain intact is the modern significance of its covering. The most suitable forms of conservation to be adopted comprise of: preservation, that is, keeping the building in its original condition, supported by environment controls (vegetation growth, drainage) and strengthening the building systems; and adaptation (adjustment of the building for todays function). Both of the forms of conservation should be supported by routine maintenance. Keywords: form, function, meaning, preservation, adaptation.


THE RESILIENCE OF LOCAL ARCHITECTURE IN THE NORTHERN COASTAL AREA OF EAST JAVA TO THE ONSLAUGHT OF IMMIGRANT ARCHITECTURE Case Studies of Architecture of Village Dwellings as Encountered in Tlogobendung (Gresik), Sendangharjo (Tuban), and Sumber Girang (Lasem) Bachtiar Fauzy 1, Antariksa 2, and Purnama Salura 1 1 Architecture Department, Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung Indonesia 2 Architecture Department, Brawijaya University, Malang Indonesia;; Abstract
Many people hold the view that the architectural style commonly found in the Northern Coastal Area of East Java has been greatly influenced by the architecture typical of the immigrant cultures. This opinion has been reinforced by the historical data on the influx of Chinese, Arab, and colonial cultures from the thirteenth to the nineteenth century AD. The purpose of this research is to reveal the existence of coastal architecture that has shown remarkable resilience in facing the onslaught of architecture and culture from the immigrant cultures mentioned above. Even so, the latter has indeed retained the essence of local architectural forms and values, in terms of both form and shape of internal structures. This study presents case studies of dwellings found in three peripheral villages in Northern coastal area of East Java, namely: the villages of Sumbergirang (Lasem), Sendangharjo (Tuban), and Telogobendung (Gresik). Structuralism, Typology, and Semiotics were the methods employed in this study to shed light on the phenomenon of local architectural form still in existence. The findings of the study reveal that coastal architecture has been remarkably resilient to the onslaught of immigrant culture, clinging to solid local values and concrete entities that happen to survive to this day. This study will hopefully be used for reference purposes for similar case studies in several other related areas. It will also contribute to the body of theoretical knowledge concerning architecture in sustainable ways. Key words: resilience, local architecture, Northern coastal area of east Java, onslaught, immigrant architecture.

URBANISM AND LIFE STYLE IN THE MALAY WORLD Bagoes Wirjomartono University of Technology Malaysia (UTM) Abstract
Historically, urbanism in the Malay world has been and is always inseparable from the concept of bandar, which literally means port, town, and crowd in terms of multiculturalism. The focus of this investigation is the search for meanings of urban settlement in the Malay world. Its purpose is to explore the historical importance of bandar in the context of sustainability. This paper examines and scrutinizes the characteristics of urban form and


International Seminar on Livable Space Creating Space for Better Life JAKARTA, 16 - 17 FEBRUARY 2012

culture that constitute, support, develop, and sustain the phenomenon of bandar in an interdisciplinary discussion. Despite the changes in urban form in the peninsula from precolonial to modern times, this paper argues that in reality its urban features have remained the same because its concept is based on political culture that has remained relatively stable. Keywords: Bandar, urbanism, Southeast Asia, urban form, culture, tradition.

REMITTANCES AND RURAL MIGRANT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN SUBANG DISTRICT Besta Besuki Kertawibawa Local Government of Subang Jalan Dewi Sartika no.2 Subang 41214, Indonesia Telephone: +62-260 411 003 Fax: +62-260 411 003. Abstract
This paper tries to describe the impact of remittances on rural housing development in the District of Subang. Subang is one of the Districts in West Java Province, with the majority of its population having worked as farmers. As farmers, many of the residents here remained below poverty line, contributing to an increase in the number of poor people; let alone worsening the environmental conditions in rural settlement and housing. Working as migrants is viewed as one solution to the poor conditions of people in the rural. Remittances can change their quality of life, because they can invest in education for their children, buy land and houses. This research aims at establishing the change in rural housing development and the role the migrants play in influencing the style and layout of housing in Subang District. The research seeks to answer questions: Who makes the decisions? How is housing done? How have migrant houses influenced other rural peoples? Based on field survey in Kabupaten Subang, the role of migrants is very dominant in a way that; they make decisions in housing development and also change the concept of traditional housing based on their experiences of working abroad. Key Words: Kabupaten Subang, Remittance, and Rural House

ECO-SOCIAL SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE Case Study: Masjid Kampung in Bandung Sahid Architecture Department, Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Bintaro-Tangerang, Indonesia Email: Abstract
Issues of sustainability are not only related to the environment but also to economic and social aspects. Simon Guy and Graham Farmer (2001) formulated six competing logics that they identified from an analysis of completed building and literature review on sustainable


building. One of these is the Eco-social logic, which proposes for creation of space that embodies and expresses the notion of a social and ecological community in which democratic values such as full participation and freedom are the norm. Masjid Kampung is one interesting example of how people in community struggle to build their facilities. The purpose of this study is to understand the construction process of Masjid Kampung and its architectural appearance.This research is an extension of a previous research on the typology of Masjid Kampung. Data from the previous research would be used in this study but from a different point of view. Literature study would be done to describe or explain phenomena that may occur related to sustainability and the six logics of sustainable architecture. In terms of sustainability, Masjid Kampung could be used as a representative example of eco-social sustainable architecture. Key words: eco-social, masjid kampung, sustainable architecture