Principles of interpersonal communication: According to Orbe & Bruess (2005), the process of interpersonal communication integrates the following four
principles: 1. Interpersonal communication is irreversible which means that one cannot change or amend the words he/she used during the conversation. Also it is possible to expect how the conversation will proceed. 2. Rules are also important for interpersonal communication. Speaking humbly and sensibly and listening with concern and respect facilitates both parties in having a good two way communication. 3. Style of communicating differs with the culture. Business communication in offices is entirely different compared to the way one communicates with their family. 4. The way of communicating is also changing with the passage of time. Advancement of technology such as use of cell phones, email and internet messaging has altered the means of communication. Principles of Motivation: Following are the six motivational principles: 1. Needs and Drives Every individual is somehow controlled by personal needs or drives which are due to lack of contentment regarding something. For example, a person who has need for attention may intentionally behave in a certain manner to attract attention of others around him. 2. Interest Every individual is interested to know that “what is in for me?” regarding any activity. More interest develops as he/she personally finds the activity helpful or pleasurable or both. 3. Values
For example. Attitudes Attitude of an individual represents his point of view. Incentives Giving a reward or incentive is way to increase motivational level. things or ideas. The methods used to obtain facts should be inquired. sentiments or behavior for or against other individuals. a person would be more interested to learn about philosophy if he/she values spirituality.An individual’s intrinsic values.
. All terms should be identified and analyzed. prior experiences or feelings influence their learning process. Conclusions should also be interpreted. Instead of looking at one aspect whole view should be considered. 6. Achievement Achievement is the endeavor or ambition to acquire certain results which would meet the expectations of individual and satisfy him internally.
Principles of critical thinking: Critical thinking involves the following points: It is essential to collect whole data. The source used to attain facts must also be checked. 4. There can be more than one cause and effect. One should not expect all queries to be answered.
5. an employee by salary increments and student by good grades as incentive for motivation. Hidden suppositions and biases should be taken into consideration. A child can be motivated by toys.
One should let go of the minor mistakes and continue with the speech because small mistakes are easy to make and often hardly noticeable. Even the best speaker can make simple mistakes during the speech. if a person is shy in front of the audience.
. in real sense even when it is not possible to achieve perfection one can be pretty close to it by practicing constantly. In order to become a good speaker. This will decrease his anxiety level and help him feel much better eventually.
One should be cautious of the thought inhibitors.
3. Great speaker delve into their strong sense of imagination and automatically find a better way to express what they want to communicate. Practice makes a man perfect. To be an effective speaker. he may visualize himself standing in an empty room and talking to himself and a loud and clear voice. practice is important to remain in touch with the process. It is important to make a connection with the people and share thoughts with them in an easy manner without trying too hard. One should comprehend own beliefs and values.
2. Visualization is an important factor while making speech which will facilitate natural flow of words. a person should develop his/her comfort zone around the audience.
Principles of speaking: Following are the seven important principles of public speaking according to Zeoli (2009): 1. However. Most of the time it happens that when a person faces the audience he focuses more on the public than does on his speaking. For instance. Audience would be more interested in listening to someone who speaks in a natural way even if little mistakes are made.
. last one is to deliver quality content in a short speech. M.
6. Having all the above mentioned points followed. Adding personal touch to the speech makes the audience more interested. C. always leaving the audience to anticipate more. & Bruess. effective and interesting. Incorporating stories.. (2005). Audience generally lose attention when the speech is too long. L. soon it will sound monotonous and audience might start losing interest. so speech should be short. Complete purpose of speech in served when a speaker communicates a message which is effective for the audience to achieve their goals in some way.5. CA: Roxbury.
7. Even if a person is delivering excellent speech but it involves no personal experiences or experiences related to the audience. Los Angeles. P. everyday examples or a bit of humor will keep the audience happily engaged in speech.
Orbe. Contemporary issues in interpersonal communication.