QUESTION BANK
SUB NAME: NUMERICAL METHODS AND STATISTICS SUB CODE: U4MAA02
UNIT – I
SOLUTION OF EQUATION AND EVEN VALUE PROBLEM PART – A (2Marks)
1. Consider the following linear system.
2x _{1} + 3x _{2} – x _{3} = 5,
 2x _{2} – x _{3} = 7,
5x _{3} = 15, find x _{1} ,x _{2} ,x _{3} ?
2. Write the procedure to find Eigen value
3. When the method of iteration will be useful?
4. Gauss – seidal method is better than Gauss Jacobi method why?
5. Explain gaussseiled methods to solve a system of simultaneous equation.
6. State a condition for Gauss – Jacobi method to converge
7. Write a sufficient condition for Gauss – seidal method to converge.
8. Derive Newton’s algorithm for finding the P ^{t}^{h} root of a Number N.
9. Derive Newton Raphson formula to find the cube root of a positive number k.
10. Locate the negative root of x ^{3} – 2x + 5 = 0 approximately
11. Explain Gauss – elimination method to solve Ax = B.
12. Evaluate
_{1}_{2} applying Newton formula.
13. Give the name of any two iteration methods in Numerical methods
14. By Gauss elimination:
solve
y + x
= 2,
2y + 3x = 5.
15. When should we not use Newton – Raphson method?
16. Explain the term “pivot elements”.
17. Find the dominant eigen value of A=
^{1}
3
^{2}
4
by power method.
PART – B (7 marks)
1. If an approximate root of the equation x ( l logx) = 0.5 lies between 0.1 and 0.2 find the value of the root correct to three decimal places.
2. Find the approximate root of xe ^{x} = 3 by Newton’s Raphson method correct to three decimal places.
3. Solve the following system by Gaussian elimination method.
x
1

x + x
2
3
= 1
3x +2x
1
2
 3x = 6
3
2x  5x + 4x = 5
1
2
3
4. using the Gauss – Jordan method solve the following equation. 10x + y + z = 12 2x + 10y +z = 13 x + y + 5z = 7
5. Solve the following equation using Jacobi iteration method:
20x + y – 2z = 17 3x + 20y – z =  18 2x – 3y + 20z = 25
6. Solve by Gauss – seidal method of iteration the equation.
10x _{1} + x _{2} + x _{3}
= 12
2x _{1} + 10x _{2} + x _{3} = 13 2x _{1} +2x _{2} + 10x _{3} = 14
PART – C (14 marks)
1 . Using Newton raphson method to find correct to four decimals the root between 0 and 1 of the equation x ^{3} – 6x + 4 = 0.
2. Find, by power method, the largest eigen value and the eigen vector of the
25 1 
2 

matrix 
1 
3 
0 

2 
0 4 

3. Find the root between 1 and 2 of 2x ^{3} 3x6=0 by NewtonRapson method correct
to five decimal places.
4. Solve the following equation
method:
correct to 3 decimal places using Jacobi iteration
x + 17y – 2z = 48 30x _2y + 3z = 75 2x + 2y + 18z = 30
UNIT – II PART – A(2 Marks)
1. when Newton forward interpolation formula is used?
2. when Newton Backward interpolation formula is used?
4. find dy/dx at x=1 from the following table
4. Prove that f(4) = f(3) +
X 
1 
2 
3 
4 

Y 
1 
8 
27 
64 

f(2) + 
^{2} f(1) + 
^{3} f(1) 
5. Write the formula for Newton forward and Newton Backward differences.
6. evaluate
dx
7. Estimate y _{2} from the following table.
X 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
Y x 
7 
? 
13 
21 
37 
8.
Obtain a function whose first differences is 6x ^{2} + 16x + 11.
9. write down trapezoidal rule to evaluate
unknown.
with h=0.5 function f(x) is
10. write down formula of trapezoidal rule
11. Given u _{0} = 1, u _{1} = 11, u _{2} = 21, u _{3} = 28 and u _{4} = 29 find
^{4} y _{0} .
12. write the formula of simpson’s 1/3 rule?
13. find the second degree polynomial through the points (0,2),(2,1),(1,0).
14. write the formula for newton’s divided difference interpolation.
15. in order to evaluate
by trapezoidal rule & by simpson’s rule.what is
the restriction on the number of intervals?
16. Write the Error formula in interpolation
17. Write the formula in Lagrange’s interpolation
18. Find the missing y _{x} values from the first differences provided.
y x 
0 
a 
b 
c 
d 
e 

y 
0 
1 
2 
4 
7 
11 

x 

PART – B(7 Marks) 



x 
0 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 

F(x) 
176 
185 
194 
203 
212 
220 
229 



x 
0 
10 
20 
30 
40 

Sin x 
0 
0.17365 
0.34202 
0.5 
0.64276 
3. find the values of f’(4) & f’’(4) from the following table
X 

2 
3 

Y 

9 
28 
4. In an examination the number of candidates who obtained marks between
certain limits were as follows:
Marks 
30 – 
40 – 
50 – 
60 – 
70 – 
50 
70 
80 

No. of Students 
42 
35 
31 
Find the number at candidate whose scores lie between 45 and 50.
5. Find the form of the function f(x) under suitable assumption from the following
data.
X 
0 
1 
2 
5 
F(X) 
2 
3 
12 
147 
6. Using Lagrange’s interpolation formula, find the value of y corresponding to x =
10 from the following table. (Apr/May 2008)
x 
5 
6 
9 
11 
f(x) 
12 
13 
14 
16 
7. Find the value of x when y = 85, using Lagrange’s formula from the following
table.
x 
2 
5 
8 
14 
y 
94.8 
87.9 
81.3 
68.7 
PART – C (14 Marks)
1.From the following table, find interpolation formula. the 
value 
of 
tan 
45∞ 15’ 
by Newton’s forward [May / June 2007] 

x∞ 
: 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 

tan x∞: 
1.00000 
1.03553 
1.07237 
1.11061 
1.15037 
1.19175
2. The population of certain town is shown in the following table.
Year 
1931 
1941 
1951 
1961 
1971 
Population 
40.6 
60.8 
79.9 
103.6 
132.7 
(in 

thousands) 
Find the rate of growth of the population in the year 1961.
3.
Evaluate
1
e
x
2 dx by dividing the range of initiation in to 4 equal parts using (i)
0
Trapezoidal rule (ii) Simpson’s rule.
4.using the following data,find f’(5)
x 
0 
2 
3 
4 
7 
9 
F(x) 
4 
26 
58 
112 
466 
922 
UNIT – III PART – A(2 Marks )
1.Write down the formula for Taylor series
2.
Write down the formula for Euler’s method or Euler’s algorithm.
3.
What is the formula for improved Euler’s method?
4. What is the formula for modified Eulers method?
5. Write down the formula for fourth order Rungekutta method. for first order ODE.
6. Explain Rungekutta method for simultaneous first order differential equations.
(or)
Write down the formula for Runge –kutta method for simultaneous first order ODE.
7. What is Milne’s predictor formula?
8. What is Milne’s corrector formula?
9. . Using Taylor series method, find correct to four decimal places, the values of y
(0.1), given ^{d}^{y}
dx = x ^{2} +y ^{2} and y (0) = 1.
10. Using Taylor series method, find y (1.1) correct to four decimal places given
^{d}^{y}
dx =xy ^{1}^{/}^{3} and y (1) = 1.
11. Using Taylor series method, find y (0.1) given ^{d}^{y}
dx = x ^{2} – y, y (0) = 1 (correct to
4 decimal places)
12. Given y ^{1} =  y and y (0) = 1, determine the value of y at x = (0.01) (0.01)
(0.04) by Euler method
13. Compute y at x = 0.25 by modified Euler method given y ^{1} = 2xy, y (0) = 1
14. Solve ^{d}^{y}
dx =x (1+x ^{3} y), y (0) = 3 by Euler’s method for y (0.1)
15. What are the values of k _{1} and l _{1} solve?
y ^{1}^{1} +2xy ^{1} 4y=0
y(0)=0.2,y ^{1} (0)=0.5
PART – B(7 Marks)
1. Solve dy/dx = x+y, given y(1) =0, and get y(1.1), y(1.2) by Taylor series
method. Compare your result with the analysis.
2.Using Taylor method compute y (0.2) and y(0.4) correct to 4 decimal places
given
dy
dx
=
1
2
xy
and y(0) =0
3.Solve
dy
dx
= z  x,
dz
dx
= y + x with y (0) = 1, z (0) = 1, by taking h = 0.1, to get
y (0.1) and z (0.1). Here y and z are dependent variables and x is independent.
4. Evaluate the values of y (0.1) and y (0.2) given y ^{’}^{’} – x (y ^{’} ) ^{2} +y ^{2} = 0; y (0) =1,
y ^{’} (0) =0 by using Taylor series method?
5. Using improved Euler method find y at x =0.1 and y at x =0.2 give
dy
dx
= y 
2x
_{y} , y (0) = 1
1.Apply the fourth
PART – C (14 Marks)
order
Runge
–
kutta method, to
find
y
(0.2)
given that
y’ = x + y, y (0) = 1
2. Using the Runge – kutta method, tabulate the solution of the system
dy
= x +z,
dx
dz
dx
= xy, y = 0, z =1 when x = 0 at intervals of h = 0.1 from x = 0.0 to x =0.2.
3. The differential equation ^{d}^{y}
dx = y –x ^{2} is satisfied by y (0) = 1, y (0.2) = 1.12186,
y (0.4) = 1.46820, y (0.6) = 1.7379 compute the value of y (0.8) by Milne’s
predictor corrector formula?
4. Using Taylor’s series method, solve ^{d}^{y}
dx =xy+y ^{2} , y (0) = 1 at x = 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3
continue the solve at x = 0.4 by. Milne’s predictor corrector method.
5.solve dy/dx=log(x+y), y(0)=2 by Euler’s modified method and find the values of
y(0.2),y(0.4) and y(0.6) by taking h=0.2.
UNIT – IV
PART – A
1. Define sampling distribution.
2. Define standard Error.
3. Explain Test of Significance.
4. Explain Null Hypothesis with Example.
5. Explain Alternative Hypothesis.
6. What do you mean by critical region and acceptance region?
7. Define level of significance.
8. Give the General form of a test statistic.
9. Define type I & type II errors.
10. 
What is the relation between type I error & LOS? 
11. 
Define one – tailed & two – tailed tests. 
12. 
Define critical value of a test statistic. 
13. 
What is the relation between the critical value and LOS? 
14. 
What is the relation between the critical values for a single tailed test & a two 
tailed test? 

15. 
Write down the 1% & 5% critical values for right tailed & 2 tailed tests for large 
samples. 

16. 
What do you mean by interval estimation & confidence limits? 
17. 
Write down the general form of 95% confidence limits of a population 
parameter in terms of the corresponding sample statistic. 

18. 
What is the standard error of the sample proportion when the population is (i) 
known & (ii) not known? 

19. 
What is the standard error of the difference between two sample proportions 
when the population proportion is (i) known & (ii) not known. 

20. 
What do you mean by unbiased estimate? 
21. 
Write down the form of the 95% confidence interval for the population mean in 
terms of (i) population SD (ii) Sample SD. 

22. 
What is the standard error of the difference between the means of 2 large 
samples drawn from different populations with (i) known SDs & (ii) unknown SDs?
23. What is the standard error of the difference between the means of 2 large
samples drawn from the same population with (i) known SD & (ii) unknown SD?
24. What is the standard error of the difference between the SDs of 2 large
samples drawn from the same population with (i) known SD & (ii) unknown SD?
25. What is the Test of significance of the difference between sample SD and
population SD.
26. Write down the probability density of student’s t  distribution.
27. State the important properties of the t – distributions
28. State the uses of t – distribution.
29. How will you get the critical value of t for a single – tailed test at LOS
?
30. Give the 95% confidence interval of the population mean in terms of the mean
& SD of a small sample.
31. What is the test statistic used to test the significance of the difference between
the means of 2 small samples?
32. What is the test statistic used to test the significance of the difference between
the means of 2 small samples of the same size? What is the associated number of
degrees of freedom?
33. What is the test statistic used to test the significance of the difference between
the means of 2 small samples of the same size, when the sample items are
correlated?
34. Write the probability density function of the F – distribution.
35. State the important properties of the F – distribute.
36. What is the use of F – distribution?
37. Define Chi – square distribution.
38. Write down the probability density function of the Chisquare – distribution.
39. State the important properties of Chisquare – distribution.
40. Give the uses of
^{2} – distribution.
41. State the conditions under which ^{2} – test of goodness of fit is valid.
42. What is Yate’s correction for continuity of ^{2} ?
PART – B
7 Marks
1. Show that for a random sample of size 100, drawn with replacement, the standard error of sample proportion cannot exceed 0.05.
2. In a large city A, 20% of a random sample of 900 school boys had a slight
physical defect. In another large city B, 18.5 percent of a random sample of
1600 school boys had the same defect. Is the difference between the
proportion significant?
3. 15.5% of a random sample of 1600 undergraduate were smokers, whereas 20% of a random sample of 900 post graduates were smokers in a state. Can we conclude that less number of undergraduates are smokers than the post graduates?
4. A sample of 100 students is taken from, a large population. The mean height of the students in this sample is 160 cm. can it be reasonably regarded that in the population, the mean height is 165 cm, & the S _{D} is 10 cm?
5.
The average marks scored by 32 boys is 72 with an S _{D} of 8, while that for 36
girls is 70 with an S _{D} of 6. Test at 1% LOS whether the boys perform better
than girls.
6. SD of a random sample of 1000 is found to be 2.6 & the SD of another random sample of 500 is 2.7. Assuming the samples to be independent find whether the 2 samples could have come from populations with the same SD.
7. The mean lifetime of a sample of 25 bulbs is found as 1550h, with an SD of
120h. The company manufacturing the bulbs claims that the average life of
their bulbs is 1600h. Is the claim acceptable at 5% LOS?
8. Samples of 2 types of electric bulbs were tested for length of life & the following data were obtained.
Size 
Mean 
SD 

Sample 


1: 

Sample 


2: 
Is the difference in the means sufficient to warrant that type 1 bulbs are
superior to type 2 bulbs?
9. A sample of size 13 gave an estimate of population variance of 3.0, while another sample of size 15 gave an estimate of 2.5. could both samples be from populations with the same variance?
10. Two samples of sizes 9 and 8 gave the sums of squares of deviations
from their respective means equal to 160 and 91 respectively can they be
regarded as drawn from the same normal populations?
11. A normal population has a mean 0.1 and S.D. 2.1 find the probability
that the mean of a sample of size 900 will be negative.
12. A coin is tossed 400 times and it turns up head 216 times. Discuss
whether the coin may be regarded as unbiased one .
13. The mean weekly sales of ice cream bar was 146.3 bars. After an
advertising campaign the mean weekly sale in 22 shops for a typical week
increased to 153.7 and showed a standard deviation 17.2. Is this evidence
that the advertising was successful?
PART – C
14 Marks
1. Experience has shown that 20% of a manufactured product is of top quality. In one day’s production of 400 articles, only 50 are of top quality. Show that either the production of the day chosen was not a representative sample or the hypothesis of 20% was wrong. Based on the particular days production. Find also the 95% confidence limits for the percentage of top quality product.
2. The mean value of a random sample of 60 item was found to be 145, with an S _{D} of 40. Find the 95% confidence limits for the population mean. What size of the sample is required to estimate the population mean within 5 of its actual value with 95% or more confidence, using the sample mean?
3. Two populations have the same mean, but the SD of one is twice that of the
other. Show that in samples, each of size 500, drawn under sample random
conditions, the difference of the means will, in all probability, not exceed
0.3
, where
is the smaller SD.
4. Two independent samples of sizes 8 & 7 contained the following values.
Can you conclude from this data that the higher level of education, the greater is
the degree of adjustment in Marriage?
9. A simple sample of weight of 6400 sailors has a mean of 67.85 inches and S.D.
2.56 inches while a simple sample of weights of 1600 soldiers has a mean of 68.55
inches and S.D. of 2.52 inches. Do the data, indicate that soldiers are on the
average taller than sailors? 5% level of significance.
10. An experiment was conducted on nine rats. The experiment showed that due
to smoking the pulse rate in the following order: 5,3,4, 1,2,3,4,3,1. Can you
maintain that smoking leads to an increase in the pulse rate?
UNIT – V
PART – A
2 Marks
1. What do you mean by Analysis of Variance?
2. What are the main assumptions made in Analysis of variance?
3. What are the Basic steps in Analysis of variance, Determine.
4. What do you mean by oneway classification in analysis of variance?
5. What do you mean by two way classification in analysis of variance?
6. Write down the ANOVA table with the usual notation.
7. Explain the method coding of data.
8. Write down the ANOVA table with the usual notation in twoway classification?
9. Write short notes on experimental design.
10. Explain Replication.
11. Explain plan of an Experiment.
12. Write short notes on design of experiments.
13. Explain Randomised Blocks.
14. Mention some Basic Designs of Experiment.
15. Explain completely randomized design briefly (CRD).
16. Explain randomized block design briefly. (RBD)
17. Explain Latin square Design (LSD) briefly.
18. Write Basic principles of Experimental Design.
19. Explain Randomisation.
20. Explain Local Control.
21. Explain the advantages of completely randomized experimental design.
22. Write the disadvantage of completely randomized experimental design.
23. Write the advantages of Latin square design.
24. What is the assumption made in the analysis of Latin square design?
25. Explain steps in constructing Latin square design.
26. Compare randomized block design and Latin square design.
27. What is the total number of all possible Latin squares of order 3?
28. Define factor.
29. When analysis of variance is performed on samples drawn from k populations,
the mean square between treatments is SSC divided by _________
30. Define completely randomized design.
31. Define replication.
32. Explain some note on simplification at computational work.
33. What motivated the adoption of design at experiments technique in scientific
problems?
34. Distinguish between experimental and extraneous variables
35. What is the main aim of the design of experiments?
36. Define experimental group.
37. Define control group.
38. What are the techniques frequently used in the local control of extraneous
variables?
Analyse the results for treatment effects
4. The following table shows the lives in hours of four brands of electric lamps.
Brand
A: 1610, 1610, 1650, 1680, 1700, 1720, 1800
B: 1580, 1640, 1640, 1700, 1750
C: 1460, 1550, 1600, 1620, 1640, 1660, 1740, 1820
D: 1510, 1520, 1530, 1570, 1600, 1680
Perform an analysis of variance and test the homogeneity of the mean lives of the 4
brands of lamps.
Workers 

40 


36 


38



42 
(a) Test whether the five men differ with respect to mean productivity
(b) Test whether the mean productivity is the same for the 4 different machine
types
4. 
The following table gives monthly sales (in thousand rupees) of a certain form in 

3 states by its 4 sales man. 

Sales man 

States 
I 
II 
III 
IV 

A 
6 
5 


B 
8 
9 


C 
10 
7 


Set up the analysis of variance table and test whether there is any significant 

difference 

(a)between sales by the firm sales man 

(ii) between sales in the three states 

5. 
4 doctors each test 4 treatments for a certain disease and observe the number of 

days each patient takes to recover. The results are as follows (recovery time in 

days)? 

Treatment 

Doctors 
1 
2 
3 
4 

A 
10 

20 

B 
11 

21 

C 
9 

19 

D 
8 

20 

Discuss the difference between (a) doctors (b) treatments 

6. 
The following data resulted from an experiment to compare 3 burnels B _{1} , B _{2} & B _{3} . 

Latin square design was used as the tests were made on 3 engines & ware spread 

over 3 days. 

Engine 1 
Engine 2 
Engine 3 

Day 1 
B _{1} – 16 
B _{2} – 17 
B _{3} – 20 

Day 2 
B _{2} – 16 
B _{3} 21 
B _{1} – 15 

Day 3 
B _{3} – 15 
B _{1} – 12 
B _{2} – 13 

Test the hypothesis that there is no difference between the burnels. 

6. 
Analyse the variance in the following Latin square of yields (in kgs) of paddy 
where A, B, C, D denote the different methods of cultivation.
D122 
A121 
C123 
B122 
B124 
C123 
A122 
D125 
A120 
B119 
D120 
C121 
C122 
D123 
B121 
A122 
Examine whether the different methods of cultivation have given significantly
different yields.
16. An experiment was planned to study the effect of sulphate of potash and super
phosphate on the yield of potatoes. All the combinations of 2 levels of super
phosphate [0 cent (P _{0} ) and 5 cent (P _{1} ) / acre] and two levels of sulphate of potash
[0 cent (K _{0} ) and 5 cent (K _{1} ) / acre] were studied in a randomized block design with
4 replications for each.
experiment and write down the analysis of variance table.