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QUESTION BANK

SUB NAME: NUMERICAL METHODS AND STATISTICS SUB CODE: U4MAA02

UNIT – I

SOLUTION OF EQUATION AND EVEN VALUE PROBLEM PART – A (2Marks)

• 1. Consider the following linear system.

2x 1 + 3x 2 – x 3 = 5,

- 2x 2 – x 3 = -7,

-5x 3 = -15, find x 1 ,x 2 ,x 3 ?

• 2. Write the procedure to find Eigen value

• 3. When the method of iteration will be useful?

• 4. Gauss – seidal method is better than Gauss Jacobi method why?

• 5. Explain gauss-seiled methods to solve a system of simultaneous equation.

• 6. State a condition for Gauss – Jacobi method to converge

• 7. Write a sufficient condition for Gauss – seidal method to converge.

• 8. Derive Newton’s algorithm for finding the P th root of a Number N.

• 9. Derive Newton Raphson formula to find the cube root of a positive number k.

• 10. Locate the negative root of x 3 – 2x + 5 = 0 approximately

• 11. Explain Gauss – elimination method to solve Ax = B.

• 12. Evaluate

12 applying Newton formula.

• 13. Give the name of any two iteration methods in Numerical methods

• 14. By Gauss elimination:

solve

y + x

= 2,

2y + 3x = 5.

• 15. When should we not use Newton – Raphson method?

• 16. Explain the term “pivot elements”.

• 17. Find the dominant eigen value of A=

1

3

2

4

by power method.

PART – B (7 marks)

• 1. If an approximate root of the equation x ( l- logx) = 0.5 lies between 0.1 and 0.2 find the value of the root correct to three decimal places.

• 2. Find the approximate root of xe x = 3 by Newton’s Raphson method correct to three decimal places.

• 3. Solve the following system by Gaussian elimination method.

x

1

-

x + x

2

3

= 1

-3x +2x

1

2

- 3x = -6

3

2x - 5x + 4x = 5

1

2

3

• 4. using the Gauss – Jordan method solve the following equation. 10x + y + z = 12 2x + 10y +z = 13 x + y + 5z = 7

5. Solve the following equation using Jacobi iteration method:-

20x + y – 2z = 17 3x + 20y – z = - 18 2x – 3y + 20z = 25

• 6. Solve by Gauss – seidal method of iteration the equation.

10x 1 + x 2 + x 3

= 12

2x 1 + 10x 2 + x 3 = 13 2x 1 +2x 2 + 10x 3 = 14

PART – C (14 marks)

1 . Using Newton raphson method to find correct to four decimals the root between 0 and 1 of the equation x 3 – 6x + 4 = 0.

• 2. Find, by power method, the largest eigen value and the eigen vector of the

 25 1 2 matrix 1 3 0 2 0 -4
• 3. Find the root between 1 and 2 of 2x 3 -3x-6=0 by Newton-Rapson method correct

to five decimal places.

• 4. Solve the following equation

method:-

correct to 3 decimal places using Jacobi iteration

x + 17y – 2z = 48 30x _2y + 3z = 75 2x + 2y + 18z = 30

UNIT – II PART – A(2 Marks)

• 1. when Newton forward interpolation formula is used?

• 2. when Newton Backward interpolation formula is used?

• 4. find dy/dx at x=1 from the following table

• 4. Prove that f(4) = f(3) +

 X 1 2 3 4 Y 1 8 27 64 f(2) + 2 f(1) + 3 f(1)
• 5. Write the formula for Newton forward and Newton Backward differences.

• 6. evaluate

dx

• 7. Estimate y 2 from the following table.

 X 1 2 3 4 5 Y x 7 ? 13 21 37

8.

Obtain a function whose first differences is 6x 2 + 16x + 11.

• 9. write down trapezoidal rule to evaluate

unknown.

with h=0.5 function f(x) is

• 10. write down formula of trapezoidal rule

• 11. Given u 0 = 1, u 1 = 11, u 2 = 21, u 3 = 28 and u 4 = 29 find

4 y 0 .

• 12. write the formula of simpson’s 1/3 rule?

• 13. find the second degree polynomial through the points (0,2),(2,1),(1,0).

• 14. write the formula for newton’s divided difference interpolation.

• 15. in order to evaluate

by trapezoidal rule & by simpson’s rule.what is

the restriction on the number of intervals?

• 16. Write the Error formula in interpolation

• 17. Write the formula in Lagrange’s interpolation

• 18. Find the missing y x values from the first differences provided.

 y x 0 a b c d e y 0 1 2 4 7 11 x PART – B(7 Marks) 1. A function f(x) is given by the following table. Find f(0.2) by a suitable formula. x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 F(x) 176 185 194 203 212 220 229 2. From the given table compute the value of sin 38. x 0 10 20 30 40 Sin x 0 0.17365 0.34202 0.5 0.64276
• 3. find the values of f’(4) & f’’(4) from the following table

 X 0 1 2 3 Y 1 2 9 28
• 4. In an examination the number of candidates who obtained marks between

certain limits were as follows:-

 Marks 30 – 40 – 50 – 60 – 70 – 40 60 50 70 80 No. of Students 31 51 42 35 31

Find the number at candidate whose scores lie between 45 and 50.

• 5. Find the form of the function f(x) under suitable assumption from the following

data.

 X 0 1 2 5 F(X) 2 3 12 147
• 6. Using Lagrange’s interpolation formula, find the value of y corresponding to x =

10 from the following table. (Apr/May 2008)

 x 5 6 9 11 f(x) 12 13 14 16
• 7. Find the value of x when y = 85, using Lagrange’s formula from the following

table.

 x 2 5 8 14 y 94.8 87.9 81.3 68.7

PART – C (14 Marks)

 1.From the following table, find interpolation formula. the value of tan 45∞ 15’ by Newton’s forward [May / June 2007] x∞ : 45 46 47 48 49 50 tan x∞: 1.00000 1.03553 1.07237 1.11061 1.15037

1.19175

• 2. The population of certain town is shown in the following table.

 Year 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 Population 40.6 60.8 79.9 103.6 132.7 (in thousands)

Find the rate of growth of the population in the year 1961.

3.

Evaluate

1

e

-x

• 2 dx by dividing the range of initiation in to 4 equal parts using (i)

0

Trapezoidal rule (ii) Simpson’s rule.

4.using the following data,find f’(5)

 x 0 2 3 4 7 9 F(x) 4 26 58 112 466 922

UNIT – III PART – A(2 Marks )

1.Write down the formula for Taylor series

3.

What is the formula for improved Euler’s method?

• 4. What is the formula for modified Eulers method?

• 5. Write down the formula for fourth order Runge-kutta method. for first order ODE.

• 6. Explain Runge-kutta method for simultaneous first order differential equations.

(or)

Write down the formula for Runge –kutta method for simultaneous first order ODE.

• 7. What is Milne’s predictor formula?

• 8. What is Milne’s corrector formula?

• 9. . Using Taylor series method, find correct to four decimal places, the values of y

(0.1), given dy

dx = x 2 +y 2 and y (0) = 1.

• 10. Using Taylor series method, find y (1.1) correct to four decimal places given

dy

dx =xy 1/3 and y (1) = 1.

• 11. Using Taylor series method, find y (0.1) given dy

dx = x 2 – y, y (0) = 1 (correct to

4 decimal places)

• 12. Given y 1 = - y and y (0) = 1, determine the value of y at x = (0.01) (0.01)

(0.04) by Euler method

• 13. Compute y at x = 0.25 by modified Euler method given y 1 = 2xy, y (0) = 1

• 14. Solve dy

dx =x (1+x 3 y), y (0) = 3 by Euler’s method for y (0.1)

• 15. What are the values of k 1 and l 1 solve?

y 11 +2xy 1 -4y=0

y(0)=0.2,y 1 (0)=0.5

PART – B(7 Marks)

1. Solve dy/dx = x+y, given y(1) =0, and get y(1.1), y(1.2) by Taylor series

method. Compare your result with the analysis.

2.Using Taylor method compute y (0.2) and y(0.4) correct to 4 decimal places

given

dy

dx

=

1

2

xy

and y(0) =0

3.Solve

dy

dx

= z - x,

dz

dx

= y + x with y (0) = 1, z (0) = 1, by taking h = 0.1, to get

y (0.1) and z (0.1). Here y and z are dependent variables and x is independent.

4. Evaluate the values of y (0.1) and y (0.2) given y – x (y ) 2 +y 2 = 0; y (0) =1,

y (0) =0 by using Taylor series method?

5. Using improved Euler method find y at x =0.1 and y at x =0.2 give

dy

dx

= y -

2x

y , y (0) = 1

1.Apply the fourth

PART – C (14 Marks)

order

Runge

kutta method, to

find

y

(0.2)

given that

• 2. Using the Runge – kutta method, tabulate the solution of the system

dy

= x +z,
dx

dz

dx

= x-y, y = 0, z =1 when x = 0 at intervals of h = 0.1 from x = 0.0 to x =0.2.

• 3. The differential equation dy

dx = y –x 2 is satisfied by y (0) = 1, y (0.2) = 1.12186,

y (0.4) = 1.46820, y (0.6) = 1.7379 compute the value of y (0.8) by Milne’s

predictor corrector formula?

• 4. Using Taylor’s series method, solve dy

dx =xy+y 2 , y (0) = 1 at x = 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3

continue the solve at x = 0.4 by. Milne’s predictor corrector method.

5.solve dy/dx=log(x+y), y(0)=2 by Euler’s modified method and find the values of

y(0.2),y(0.4) and y(0.6) by taking h=0.2.

UNIT – IV

PART – A

• 1. Define sampling distribution.

• 2. Define standard Error.

• 3. Explain Test of Significance.

• 4. Explain Null Hypothesis with Example.

• 5. Explain Alternative Hypothesis.

• 6. What do you mean by critical region and acceptance region?

• 7. Define level of significance.

• 8. Give the General form of a test statistic.

• 9. Define type I & type II errors.

 10. What is the relation between type I error & LOS? 11. Define one – tailed & two – tailed tests. 12. Define critical value of a test statistic. 13. What is the relation between the critical value and LOS? 14. What is the relation between the critical values for a single tailed test & a two tailed test? 15. Write down the 1% & 5% critical values for right tailed & 2 tailed tests for large samples. 16. What do you mean by interval estimation & confidence limits? 17. Write down the general form of 95% confidence limits of a population parameter in terms of the corresponding sample statistic. 18. What is the standard error of the sample proportion when the population is (i) known & (ii) not known? 19. What is the standard error of the difference between two sample proportions when the population proportion is (i) known & (ii) not known. 20. What do you mean by unbiased estimate? 21. Write down the form of the 95% confidence interval for the population mean in terms of (i) population SD (ii) Sample SD. 22. What is the standard error of the difference between the means of 2 large

samples drawn from different populations with (i) known SDs & (ii) unknown SDs?

• 23. What is the standard error of the difference between the means of 2 large

samples drawn from the same population with (i) known SD & (ii) unknown SD?

• 24. What is the standard error of the difference between the SDs of 2 large

samples drawn from the same population with (i) known SD & (ii) unknown SD?

• 25. What is the Test of significance of the difference between sample SD and

population SD.

• 26. Write down the probability density of student’s t - distribution.

• 27. State the important properties of the t – distributions

• 28. State the uses of t – distribution.

• 29. How will you get the critical value of t for a single – tailed test at LOS

?

• 30. Give the 95% confidence interval of the population mean in terms of the mean

& SD of a small sample.

• 31. What is the test statistic used to test the significance of the difference between

the means of 2 small samples?

• 32. What is the test statistic used to test the significance of the difference between

the means of 2 small samples of the same size? What is the associated number of

degrees of freedom?

• 33. What is the test statistic used to test the significance of the difference between

the means of 2 small samples of the same size, when the sample items are

correlated?

• 34. Write the probability density function of the F – distribution.

• 35. State the important properties of the F – distribute.

• 36. What is the use of F – distribution?

• 37. Define Chi – square distribution.

38. Write down the probability density function of the Chisquare – distribution.

• 39. State the important properties of Chisquare – distribution.

• 40. Give the uses of

2 – distribution.

• 41. State the conditions under which 2 – test of goodness of fit is valid.

• 42. What is Yate’s correction for continuity of 2 ?

PART – B

7 Marks

• 1. Show that for a random sample of size 100, drawn with replacement, the standard error of sample proportion cannot exceed 0.05.

• 2. In a large city A, 20% of a random sample of 900 school boys had a slight

physical defect. In another large city B, 18.5 percent of a random sample of

1600 school boys had the same defect. Is the difference between the

proportion significant?

• 3. 15.5% of a random sample of 1600 undergraduate were smokers, whereas 20% of a random sample of 900 post graduates were smokers in a state. Can we conclude that less number of undergraduates are smokers than the post graduates?

• 4. A sample of 100 students is taken from, a large population. The mean height of the students in this sample is 160 cm. can it be reasonably regarded that in the population, the mean height is 165 cm, & the S D is 10 cm?

5.

The average marks scored by 32 boys is 72 with an S D of 8, while that for 36

girls is 70 with an S D of 6. Test at 1% LOS whether the boys perform better

than girls.

• 6. SD of a random sample of 1000 is found to be 2.6 & the SD of another random sample of 500 is 2.7. Assuming the samples to be independent find whether the 2 samples could have come from populations with the same SD.

• 7. The mean lifetime of a sample of 25 bulbs is found as 1550h, with an SD of

120h. The company manufacturing the bulbs claims that the average life of

their bulbs is 1600h. Is the claim acceptable at 5% LOS?

• 8. Samples of 2 types of electric bulbs were tested for length of life & the following data were obtained.

 Size Mean SD Sample 8 36h 1234 h 1: Sample 7 40 h 1036 h 2:

Is the difference in the means sufficient to warrant that type 1 bulbs are

superior to type 2 bulbs?

• 9. A sample of size 13 gave an estimate of population variance of 3.0, while another sample of size 15 gave an estimate of 2.5. could both samples be from populations with the same variance?

• 10. Two samples of sizes 9 and 8 gave the sums of squares of deviations

from their respective means equal to 160 and 91 respectively can they be

regarded as drawn from the same normal populations?

• 11. A normal population has a mean 0.1 and S.D. 2.1 find the probability

that the mean of a sample of size 900 will be negative.

• 12. A coin is tossed 400 times and it turns up head 216 times. Discuss

whether the coin may be regarded as unbiased one .

• 13. The mean weekly sales of ice cream bar was 146.3 bars. After an

advertising campaign the mean weekly sale in 22 shops for a typical week

increased to 153.7 and showed a standard deviation 17.2. Is this evidence

PART – C

14 Marks

• 1. Experience has shown that 20% of a manufactured product is of top quality. In one day’s production of 400 articles, only 50 are of top quality. Show that either the production of the day chosen was not a representative sample or the hypothesis of 20% was wrong. Based on the particular days production. Find also the 95% confidence limits for the percentage of top quality product.

• 2. The mean value of a random sample of 60 item was found to be 145, with an S D of 40. Find the 95% confidence limits for the population mean. What size of the sample is required to estimate the population mean within 5 of its actual value with 95% or more confidence, using the sample mean?

• 3. Two populations have the same mean, but the SD of one is twice that of the

other. Show that in samples, each of size 500, drawn under sample random

conditions, the difference of the means will, in all probability, not exceed

0.3

, where

is the smaller SD.

4. Two independent samples of sizes 8 & 7 contained the following values.

Sample 1:
19 17
15
21 16
18
16
1
4
Sample 2:
15 14
15
19 15
18
16
Is the difference between the sample means significant.
5.
The following data give the number of aircraft accidents that occurred during the
various days of a week.
Day
Mon
Tue
Wed
Thurs
Fri
Sat
No. of
15
19
13
12 16
15
accidents
Test whether the accidents are uniformly distributed over the week.
6.
Fit a binomial distribution for the following data & also test the goodness of fit.
x :
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Total
f
:
5
18 28
12 7
6
4
80
To find the binomial distribution N (q + p) n . Which fits the given data, we require p.
7.
Fit a Poisson distribution for the following distribution and also test the goodness
of fit.
X:
0
1
2
3
4 5
Total
F:
142 156
69
27 5
1
400
8.
The following table gives for a sample of married women, the level of education
Level of
education
Very
Low
High
Very
Total
low
high
College
24
97
62
58
241
High school
22
28
30
41
121
Middle
32
10
11
20
73
school Total
78
135
103
119
435

Can you conclude from this data that the higher level of education, the greater is

the degree of adjustment in Marriage?

• 9. A simple sample of weight of 6400 sailors has a mean of 67.85 inches and S.D.

2.56 inches while a simple sample of weights of 1600 soldiers has a mean of 68.55

inches and S.D. of 2.52 inches. Do the data, indicate that soldiers are on the

average taller than sailors? 5% level of significance.

10. An experiment was conducted on nine rats. The experiment showed that due

to smoking the pulse rate in the following order: 5,3,4, -1,2,-3,4,3,1. Can you

maintain that smoking leads to an increase in the pulse rate?

UNIT – V

PART – A

2 Marks

• 1. What do you mean by Analysis of Variance?

• 2. What are the main assumptions made in Analysis of variance?

• 3. What are the Basic steps in Analysis of variance, Determine.

• 4. What do you mean by one-way classification in analysis of variance?

• 5. What do you mean by two way classification in analysis of variance?

• 6. Write down the ANOVA table with the usual notation.

• 7. Explain the method coding of data.

• 8. Write down the ANOVA table with the usual notation in two-way classification?

• 9. Write short notes on experimental design.

• 10. Explain Replication.

• 11. Explain plan of an Experiment.

• 12. Write short notes on design of experiments.

• 13. Explain Randomised Blocks.

• 14. Mention some Basic Designs of Experiment.

• 15. Explain completely randomized design briefly (CRD).

• 16. Explain randomized block design briefly. (RBD)

• 17. Explain Latin square Design (LSD) briefly.

• 18. Write Basic principles of Experimental Design.

• 19. Explain Randomisation.

• 20. Explain Local Control.

• 21. Explain the advantages of completely randomized experimental design.

• 22. Write the disadvantage of completely randomized experimental design.

• 23. Write the advantages of Latin square design.

• 24. What is the assumption made in the analysis of Latin square design?

25. Explain steps in constructing Latin square design.

26. Compare randomized block design and Latin square design.

• 27. What is the total number of all possible Latin squares of order 3?

• 28. Define factor.

• 29. When analysis of variance is performed on samples drawn from k populations,

the mean square between treatments is SSC divided by _________

• 30. Define completely randomized design.

• 31. Define replication.

• 32. Explain some note on simplification at computational work.

• 33. What motivated the adoption of design at experiments technique in scientific

problems?

• 34. Distinguish between experimental and extraneous variables

• 35. What is the main aim of the design of experiments?

• 36. Define experimental group.

• 37. Define control group.

• 38. What are the techniques frequently used in the local control of extraneous

variables?

PART – B
7
Marks
1.In order to determine whether there is significant difference in the durability of 3
makes of computers, sample of size 5 are selected from each make and the
frequency of repair during the first year of purchase is observed. The results are as
follows.
Makes
A
B
C
5
8
7
6
10
3
8
11
5
9
12
4
7
4 1
In view of the above data, what contusion can you draw.
2. 3 Varieties x, y, z of a crop are tested in a RBD with four replication with the
following layout.
The plot yields in kgs.
X
Z
X
Y
7
6
9
10
Z
X
Y
Z
9
5
7
10
Y
Y
Z
X
8
7 11
7
3. 1. A completely randomized design experiment with 10 plots & 3 treatments
gave the following results?
Plot No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
Treatment
A
B
C
A
C
C
A
B
A
B
Yield
5
4
3
7
5
1
3
4
1
7

Analyse the results for treatment effects

4. The following table shows the lives in hours of four brands of electric lamps.

Brand

A: 1610, 1610, 1650, 1680, 1700, 1720, 1800

B: 1580, 1640, 1640, 1700, 1750

C: 1460, 1550, 1600, 1620, 1640, 1660, 1740, 1820

D: 1510, 1520, 1530, 1570, 1600, 1680

brands of lamps.

5.
A car rental agency, which uses 5 different brands of tyres in the process of
deciding the brand of tyre to purchase as standard equipment for flect, finds that
each
of
5
tyres
of
each
brand last
the
following number of kilometers (in
thousands):
Tyre brands
A
B
C D
E
36
46
35
45
41
37
39
42
36
39
42
35
37
39
37
38
37
43
35
35
47
43
38
32
38
Test the hypothesis that the 5 tyre brands have almost the same average life
PART – B
14 Marks
1.
Three
varieties of
a
crop
are
tested
in
a
randomized
block design with
4
replications, the layout being as given below: the yields are given in kilograms.
Analyse for significance.
C 48
A51
B52
A49
A 47
B49
C52
C51
B49
C53
A49
B50
2.
Five breeds of cattle B 1 , B 2 , B 3 , B 4 , B 5 wave fed on 4 different rations R 1 , R 2 , R 3 ,
R 4 . Gains in weight in kg over a given period were recorded and given below:
B 1
B 2
B 3
B 4
B 5
R
1.9
2.2
2.6
1.8
2.1
1
R
2.5
1.9
2.3
2.6
2.2
2
R
1.7
1.9
2.2
2.0
2.1
3
R
2.1
1.8
2.5
2.3
2.4
4
If there a significant difference between (i) breeds and (ii) rations?
3.
The following data represent the number of units of production per day turned
out by 5 different workers using 4 different types of machines.
Machine type
A
B
C
D
1
44 38
47
36
 Workers 2 43 46 52 40 3 32 34 44 36 4 33 38 43 46 5 39 38 49 42

(a) Test whether the five men differ with respect to mean productivity

(b) Test whether the mean productivity is the same for the 4 different machine

types

 4. The following table gives monthly sales (in thousand rupees) of a certain form in 3 states by its 4 sales man. Sales man States I II III IV A 6 5 3 8 B 8 9 6 5 C 10 7 8 7 Set up the analysis of variance table and test whether there is any significant difference (a)between sales by the firm sales man (ii) between sales in the three states 5. 4 doctors each test 4 treatments for a certain disease and observe the number of days each patient takes to recover. The results are as follows (recovery time in days)? Treatment Doctors 1 2 3 4 A 10 14 19 20 B 11 15 17 21 C 9 12 16 19 D 8 13 17 20 Discuss the difference between (a) doctors (b) treatments 6. The following data resulted from an experiment to compare 3 burnels B 1 , B 2 & B 3 . Latin square design was used as the tests were made on 3 engines & ware spread over 3 days. Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Day 1 B 1 – 16 B 2 – 17 B 3 – 20 Day 2 B 2 – 16 B 3 -21 B 1 – 15 Day 3 B 3 – 15 B 1 – 12 B 2 – 13 Test the hypothesis that there is no difference between the burnels. 6. Analyse the variance in the following Latin square of yields (in kgs) of paddy

where A, B, C, D denote the different methods of cultivation.

 D122 A121 C123 B122 B124 C123 A122 D125 A120 B119 D120 C121 C122 D123 B121 A122

Examine whether the different methods of cultivation have given significantly

different yields.

16. An experiment was planned to study the effect of sulphate of potash and super

phosphate on the yield of potatoes. All the combinations of 2 levels of super

phosphate [0 cent (P 0 ) and 5 cent (P 1 ) / acre] and two levels of sulphate of potash

[0 cent (K 0 ) and 5 cent (K 1 ) / acre] were studied in a randomized block design with

4 replications for each.

1
The (1/70) yields [l b per plot =
acre] obtained are given in the following
70
table. Analyse the data and give you exclusions.
Table
17.
Find
out the
main
effects
and
interaction in the
following
2 2
factorial

experiment and write down the analysis of variance table.