# Geodesic Dome Calculator

Our geodesic dome calculator will calculate the length and number of struts for 2V, 3V, and 4V geodesic domes based on the specified radius. It's a useful tool for planning the size of your dome.

Radius = 500 cm

To build a 2V Dome with a radius of 500 cm requires: 35 Struts 309.02 cm each

To build a 3V 5/8 Dome with a radius of 500 cm requires: 30 Struts 174.31 cm each

To build a 4V Dome with a radius of 500 cm requires: 30 Struts 126.59 cm each 30 Struts 147.62 cm each

30 Struts 273.27 cm each 55 Struts 201.78 cm each 26 Bolts, 26 Nuts, & 52 Washers Total of about 19964 cm of Conduit 80 Struts 206.21 cm each

60 Struts 147.27 cm each 70 Struts 156.44 cm each 61 Bolts, 61 Nuts, & 122 Washers Total of about 34465 cm of Conduit 30 Struts 162.46 cm each 30 Struts 149.3 cm each 91 Bolts, 91 Nuts, & 182 Washers Total of about 39234 cm of Conduit

* Strut lengths are from vertex to vertex. When designing and building a dome strut lengths will have to be reduced if using connectors and will have to be increased if using bolts to connect flattened ends of pipe.

Radius = 300 cm

To build a 2V Dome with a radius of 300 cm requires: 35 Struts 185.41 cm each

To build a 3V 5/8 Dome with a radius of 300 cm requires: 30 Struts 104.59 cm each

To build a 4V Dome with a radius of 300 cm requires: 30 Struts 75.95 cm each 30 Struts 88.57 cm each

30 Struts 163.96 cm each 55 Struts 121.07 cm each 26 Bolts, 26 Nuts, & 52 Washers Total of about 11979 cm of Conduit 80 Struts 123.72 cm each

60 Struts 88.36 cm each 70 Struts 93.86 cm each 61 Bolts, 61 Nuts, & 122 Washers Total of about 20679 cm of Conduit 30 Struts 97.48 cm each 30 Struts 89.58 cm each 91 Bolts, 91 Nuts, & 182 Washers Total of about 23540 cm of Conduit

* Strut lengths are from vertex to vertex. When designing and building a dome strut lengths will have to be reduced if using connectors and will have to be increased if using bolts to connect flattened ends of pipe.

When designing and building a dome strut lengths will have to be reduced if using connectors and will have to be increased if using bolts to connect flattened ends of pipe.Radius = 400 cm
To build a 2V Dome with a radius of 400 cm requires: 35 Struts 247.61 cm each 55 Struts 161. 26 Nuts.21 cm each
To build a 3V 5/8 Dome with a radius of 400 cm requires: 30 Struts 139.44 cm each 91 Bolts.45 cm each
To build a 4V Dome with a radius of 400 cm requires: 30 Struts 101.15 cm each 61 Bolts.42 cm each 26 Bolts.27 cm each 30 Struts 118. & 52 Washers Total of about 15971 cm of Conduit 80 Struts 164.96 cm each
60 Struts 117. & 182 Washers Total of about 31387 cm of Conduit
* Strut lengths are from vertex to vertex. 91 Nuts. 61 Nuts. & 122 Washers Total of about 27571 cm of Conduit 30 Struts 129.
.97 cm each 30 Struts 119.81 cm each 70 Struts 125.1 cm each
30 Struts 218.

72 cm each
To build a 4V Dome with a radius of 200 cm requires: 30 Struts 50.98 cm each 30 Struts 59. 26 Nuts.05 cm each
30 Struts 109. When designing and building a dome strut lengths will have to be reduced if using connectors and will have to be increased if using bolts to connect flattened ends of pipe. 61 Nuts.91 cm each 70 Struts 62. & 122 Washers Total of about 13786 cm of Conduit 30 Struts 64. & 52 Washers Total of about 7986 cm of Conduit 80 Struts 82. & 182 Washers Total of about 15694 cm of Conduit
* Strut lengths are from vertex to vertex.Radius = 200 cm
To build a 2V Dome with a radius of 200 cm requires: 35 Struts 123.57 cm each 61 Bolts.
.31 cm each 55 Struts 80.71 cm each 26 Bolts. 91 Nuts.48 cm each
60 Struts 58.61 cm each
To build a 3V 5/8 Dome with a radius of 200 cm requires: 30 Struts 69.64 cm each 30 Struts 59.72 cm each 91 Bolts.

& 122 Washers Total of about 6893 cm of Conduit 30 Struts 32.86 cm each 91 Bolts.36 cm each 26 Bolts.8 cm each
To build a 3V 5/8 Dome with a radius of 100 cm requires: 30 Struts 34.52 cm each
30 Struts 54. & 52 Washers Total of about 3993 cm of Conduit 80 Struts 41. 26 Nuts.45 cm each 70 Struts 31.24 cm each
60 Struts 29. & 182 Washers Total of about 7847 cm of Conduit
* Strut lengths are from vertex to vertex.86 cm each
To build a 4V Dome with a radius of 100 cm requires: 30 Struts 25. When designing and building a dome strut lengths will have to be reduced if using connectors and will have to be increased if using bolts to connect flattened ends of pipe.Radius = 100 cm
To build a 2V Dome with a radius of 100 cm requires: 35 Struts 61. 61 Nuts.32 cm each 30 Struts 29.49 cm each 30 Struts 29.29 cm each 61 Bolts. 91 Nuts.
.65 cm each 55 Struts 40.

45 cm each
60 Struts 176.92 cm each 55 Struts 242.14 cm each
30 Struts 327.82 cm each
To build a 3V 5/8 Dome with a radius of 600 cm requires: 30 Struts 209.Radius = 600 cm
To build a 2V Dome with a radius of 600 cm requires: 35 Struts 370. 91 Nuts. When designing and building a dome strut lengths will have to be reduced if using connectors and will have to be increased if using bolts to connect flattened ends of pipe. 61 Nuts.
Radius = 700 cm
. & 182 Washers Total of about 47080 cm of Conduit
* Strut lengths are from vertex to vertex.13 cm each 26 Bolts.91 cm each 30 Struts 177.72 cm each 61 Bolts.95 cm each 30 Struts 179.72 cm each 70 Struts 187.17 cm each
To build a 4V Dome with a radius of 600 cm requires: 30 Struts 151. & 52 Washers Total of about 23957 cm of Conduit 80 Struts 247. & 122 Washers Total of about 41358 cm of Conduit 30 Struts 194.15 cm each 91 Bolts. 26 Nuts.

01 cm each 91 Bolts. 26 Nuts.44 cm each 30 Struts 209. & 52 Washers Total of about 27950 cm of Conduit 80 Struts 288.57 cm each 55 Struts 282.23 cm each 30 Struts 206.17 cm each 70 Struts 219. 91 Nuts. & 122 Washers Total of about 48251 cm of Conduit 30 Struts 227.69 cm each
60 Struts 206.03 cm each
To build a 4V Dome with a radius of 700 cm requires: 30 Struts 177.67 cm each
30 Struts 382. 61 Nuts. & 182 Washers Total of about 54927 cm of Conduit
2V Dome
.49 cm each 26 Bolts.To build a 2V Dome with a radius of 700 cm requires: 35 Struts 432.01 cm each 61 Bolts.62 cm each
To build a 3V 5/8 Dome with a radius of 700 cm requires: 30 Struts 244.

2V DOME
3V DOME
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4V DOME
5V DOME
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6V DOME
Constructing Our Geodesic Dome
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For an 8 ft 7 inch dome we needed:
Strut length A = 5.
Calculating the Struts – Dome Formulas
Class 2V geodesic domes are made from struts of two different sizes. We found that there are several dome classes that are referred to as 1V.After a year of living and camping in the desert. Geodesic domes are comprised of a network of triangles that form a somewhat spherical surface. uses only one size triangle in its simple pattern.
Higher class domes offer greater structural stability and are ideal for larger dome frames. The more complex the network of triangles. Strong and gusty winds often blow in unexpectedly and are known to mangle inadequate structures without regard.
What is a Geodesic Dome?
First we did some research on dome construction to see what materials would be needed. A 1V dome has fewer triangles. We found that a geodesic dome with an approximate radius of 8 ft 7 inches yields the least amount of waste for a 2V structure. (30 B struts needed)
.org. the more spherical the geodesic dome and the higher the class number. For more information on what a geodesic dome is visit wikipedia. A 6V dome has many triangles of multiple sizes that are arranged in a complex pattern to create a more smooth and spherical shape. Simple picnic tents and EZ-up shelters that are commonly used just won't cut it in this desert environment. Patrick and I decided to build a geodesic dome structure to provide us with shade and shelter from the elements. After contemplating the challenges of more complex domes. 3V etc. (35 A struts needed) Strut length B = 4.3 ft. We used an online dome formula to calculate the strut lengths and to determine the ideal radius for our dome. we decided that a 2V dome made from EMT (electrical metallic tubing) conduit would best meet our needs and would be the most economical choice as well. and less closely approximates a hemisphere. 2V.7 ft. We chose to build a geodesic dome because of its inherent stability and natural resistance to strong winds.

Strut length A plus strut length B equals 10 feet. once we completed our dome calculations. while we cut with a hacksaw. We needed exactly 35 ten foot EMT sticks. as well as 72 washers are needed to assemble our geodesic dome. and several 25/64 inch titanium drill bits. and 3/8th inch flat washers. We have determined that a minimum of 36 bolts and nuts.
Flattening the Ends
Because we had just bought our vice we were afraid to damage it flattening EMT. though it turned out that the one we purchased was broken and completely unusable. It is also critical to flatten the ends without splitting the conduit along its weld seam. We bought 3/8th inch bolts. identify the pipe seam (a dark line running the length of the pipe) and rotate pipe so that the seam does not fall directly north/south or directly east/west when flattening the end.
. The most important aspect to this step is to make sure that the flattened ends are on the same plane. To do this. We planned to cut the EMT with a pipe cutter. Before making our geodesic dome we also bought a vice. The other major dome components are the nuts. making the dome was pretty simple. Luckily our new vice came equipped with a pipe clamp and we used the vice to hold the EMT conduit. but we need extra hardware for the assembly process. but we bought extra in order to make a few spare A struts also. There are 26 joints in our dome when it is fully assembled. It made a lot of noise. and no pipe is wasted.
Constructing the Dome
All in all. a pipe cutter. This means that the conduit sticks only need to be cut once to make 2 struts.
Cutting the Struts
The first step in constructing the dome was to cut the EMT conduit into appropriately sized struts. When all of the conduit is cut there will be 5 extra B struts (to be used as spares) and no scrap. Instead we used a sledge hammer to pound both ends of each strut. struts cut to these sizes result in practically no waste and much less work. 3/8th inch hex nuts.
Materials for the Geodesic Dome
We bought 40 sticks of 3/4 inch EMT (electrical metallic tubing) conduit to make the struts.Because EMT conduit comes in 10 foot lengths. 2 inches long. bolts and washers. We chose 3/4 inch conduit over 1 inch because it was more affordable and in the end it turned out to be plenty strong for our small dome. but was quite effective.

I wouldn't risk it though. each strut must have a slight angle on each flattened end. we first used a punch to make a guide for the drill bit. we set up a jig so that the length between holes was consistent between struts. giving the struts a pull to make the bend.
Bending the Struts
To make a dome out of straight lengths. Though there are formulas to determine the exact bend. The strut lengths calculated by the dome formula allow for the holes to be drilled 3/4 of an inch away from each end. To be precise a 2V dome requires the following bends: A = 18˚ and B = 16˚. We clamped each end in the vise. We drilled our struts with a cordless power drill without problem.
Drilling the Holes
Next. when the dome is assembled the bends will adjust themselves to the appropriate angles. we found that the bends did not need to be precise at all. though a drill press would have made the process go a little quicker.
. If you have access to one it will make the job go much faster and easier.Our friend Jonathan used a vice to make his geodesic dome with a lot less noise and no apparent damage to the tool. Instead of measuring 3/4 of an inch from each end. In fact. I highly recommend a hydraulic press to flatten the EMT. To get the hole in desired location. However. we drilled 25/64 inch diameter holes at the end of each strut.

Painting the Struts
To prevent rusting we spry painted the ends of the struts. It may not seem like a big hassle to sort the dome struts by length. though I've recently read that EMT conduit is plated and will not rust even when left untreated.
D. especially if you plan on building it with a group. but color coding really helps when assembling the dome.Y Geodesic Greenhouse Book Review
How to actually build a 40′ geodesic dome greenhouse using using everyday materials you can buy at any lumber yard. However.I.
. I recommend painting struts in order to color code the various lengths.

That is one thing I admire so much about Kacper.A $500 Geodesic Greenhouse Frame? First a little about Kacper. He is the grandson of a master tomato gardener. he doesn’t wait around.
. has a lovely wife and an amazing little daughter who loves veggies! I guess gardening runs in Kacper’s blood because the moment he saw the potential of geodesic greenhouses he started building one. he just goes and starts building! So after he created a small “test dome” he started pouring concrete for the foundation of a giant 40′ dome.

pretty much any amount of snow and hurricane force winds. In fact you can build your own dome for pennies compared to the cost of normal green-houses using regular 2x4s from your local lumber yard. You can build to any size no matter what space you have to work with there is a dome that will work for you. year round. how he planned his dome using free tools. Kacper’s book is called: Biodome Revolution and in it you will find not only very detailed instructions on how to actually build your own biodome but exact pictures of each step! Here are some more things he talks about in this amazing book:
The amazingly low cost involved. Depending on the size and where you live you probably don’t even
.000. how he cut the struts. How simple and inexpensive they are to heat. in fact he did a complete brain dump of all his mistakes. because of this you can easily move them if needed.Kacper and His Daughter While he was doing this so many people started bugging him about dome construction both online and off he finally wrote down (he can type at 80 words per minute too!) the exact methods he used to save over $16.00 on building his dome. It is one of the strongest structures (being based on a sphere) in the world. You can grow an incredible amount of fresh organic food inside your bio-dome. even in the dead of winter. Geodesic domes have withstood earthquakes. With proper design and covering you can have tropical temperatures. The amazing strength of the geodesic form. Geodomes are scalable. challenges and ultimately exactly how to build your own geodesic greenhouse biodome. (Here on the farm my dad picks fresh lemons every couple of days in the dead of winter!) For the amount of growing space you get domes are incredibly light & transportable.

need a permit to build a temporary structure. so can have your own whether you own land or are just renting!
Geodesic Tent or Amazing Greenhouse?
The amazing German geodome engineers from ZenDome have created a full line of bespoke custom geodesic structures for your every day back yard camp out of a full blown season of caviar and Champaign doing penguin research at the South Pole!
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Or if you are more the summer season camper or maybe you just want to have your prize orchid collection well displayed in your backyard geodome greenhouse. well then.
. look no further than this masterpiece of organic dome design.

as it will allow us to grow year round! If you’d like to learn how to build one of these yourself in your own back-yard. we’re not quite done yet but I couldn’t help resist sharing some of the pictures and the fun we’re having with building this structure! It just hailed and it’s freezing outside. but this time next year we’ll be eating fresh strawberries and delicious vegetables from our geodesic green-house dome. check out my biodome revolution eBook
The base of the dome being assembled!
.Geodesic Greenhouse Biodome Construction Pictures!
We’re right in the middle of constructing our 40′ diameter geodesic greenhouse biodome.

but definitely goes faster if you have help!
.We’ve had a lot of great friends helping us put together the struts. it’s as easy as putting together lego peices.

She also knows that we eat plants and make smoothies out of them.My little girl can’t speak in sentences yet. should have everything done soon! I’ll post pictures when it’s finished. but she says “DOM!” whenever I tell her we’re building a dome. so she’s looking forward to playing inside and growing food!
We’ve finished the first 2 layers and are about to finish the 3rd.
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Check out the Eden Biodome Revolution if you’d like to learn how to build one of these yourself and have your very own “Food factory” to grow food year round! Click here.PS.
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Use the design concepts outlined here to construct domes of different sizes. if having the absolute most stunning geodesic tent in the pristine alpine meadow is a.Like so many things if you have to ask how much they cost. but I guess I just can’t get enough of the look. Try materials like Bristol board. This site will take you.
This project supports the structures and mechanisms component of the science and technology curriculum in many provinces and states. So polished.
. Lightweight and strong. so… sexy! Makes me want to go camping with my orchid collection too!
Build a Dome
Geodesic domes are elegant and sophisticated structures. They are an ideal structure for use in remote areas like the Arctic. Following are the instructions for constructing a geodesic dome with a diameter of 50 cm. The math component of this project is very suitable for applied math in grade 8 or grade 9. corrugated cardboard. step by step. You can construct a geodesic dome out of a variety of materials. then you may have found your new best friend! I have talked about these geodomes in the past. Check your state or provincial curriculum documents under "Structures and Mechanisms" and applied math. this dome is constructed of paper. popularized by Buckminister Fuller. colourful sculptures. they make very efficient use of materials. incorporate the structural integrity of triangles into the inherent strength of a dome or shell structure. But. Some day we may even see dome structures on the moon or covering cities. Curriculum expectations often include constructing a geodesic dome or shell structure. plywood even ice! For students in grade 6 or grade 7 some teachers have combined this activity with art class. Information is also included for designing domes of different sizes. turning the domes into vibrant. cost no object experience. Geodesic domes demonstrate tension and compression in a unique structure. you know the rest. through the process of constructing a geodesic dome from paper.
Construct a Geodesic Dome:
Geodesic domes.

Triangle A-A-A is equilateral. Use two colours of paper. Colour coding makes construction easier and makes your dome more dramatic. You may be able to correct the size by downloading the templates (right click on the template jpg) and then rescale it with a graphics utility.If you want to build a dome of a different size. the glue tabs are extra. the dimensions shown are very important. After drawing one of each triangle. not all printers print with the same resolution. one colour for the A-A-A triangles. Note: After printing the elements. photo copy enough to create the dome.DOME MATH Start by producing accurate drawings of the triangles shown below. Triangle B-A-B is isosceles. Most types of paper are suitable. These triangular building units are called elements. follow the links to a printable page with a template for the elements already drawn. Use a compass and ruler . measure the "A" and "B" sides to ensure they are the required lengths. A crisp fold is important. Note that the dimensions A and B. Cut out the triangles and carefully fold along the tab lines. You must create these triangles accurately.
. you need 30 of the B-A-B triangles and 10 of the A-A-A triangles. Join 5 of the A-B-B triangles to create a pentagon. Do this by gluing the "B" edges together using the glue tabs. another for the B-A-B triangles. are the lengths of the sides of the triangles. I just want to build a dome! OK. compass and pencil to create precision technical drawings of each triangular element. I don't want to draw these triangles. Glue sticks are fine for this project. This is an excellent exercise in geometry! Work with ruler. follow this link .

Create a circular base for your dome by cutting a 75 cm diameter circle from cardboard. Create 5 more pentagons. Draw a 50 cm diameter circle in the center of the base.Make sure that the "A" sides of the triangles form the outside of the pentagon. Cut a 25 cm circle out of the center of the base.
. Note that it is raised in the center. This allows access to the interior of the dome.
A completed pentagon should look look like the upper right image.

A .45 cm. Each chord is "A" in length. For our 50 cm dome A = 15. joining them with glue.
Glue equilateral ( A .Important: Carefully draw a series of chords around the circle. The edge of each triangular element aligns with one of the chords.
. Align these chords so that 10 of them fit perfectly around the circle.
Glue this completed section to the base.A ) triangles between pentagons on top. These lines indicate where to place the base of each triangle.
Continue adding pentagons and triangles. Join two pentagons by gluing one of the "A-A-A" triangles between them. Add another triangle as shown.

To learn more about domes.
Dome Math
Geodesic Domes
Dome builders call this type of dome a 2V Icosa Alternate. If you are really. follow this link to find out how the triangles are fitted inside each triangle of an icosahedron .Icosahedron Domes Explained!
. Here are all five of them:
Can you name them? The last one on the right is an icosahedron. follow this link to Dome Math.Glue final pentagon on top. really curious. It is created by fitting 4 triangles inside each triangular surface of an icosahedron. What is an icosahedron? An icosahedron is one of the 5 solids created by the ancient Greeks.
Your dome is completed. it has 20 triangular sides.

Let's design a dome!
Step 1:
Decide on the diameter of the dome you would like to create. Our dome has a diameter of 30 cm and a radius of 15 cm. the cord factor for "B" is 0.54653 B = 15 cm x 0.27 cm The 30 isosceles triangles have one side "A" and two sides "B". Let's build a small model.27045 cm A=9. The chord factor for "A" is 0.20 cm
. require glue tabs on their edges.To create a dome similar to the one shown at top.
Step 2:
Determine the size of the triangles needed. Remember that radius = 1/2 of diameter. 30 isosceles triangles and 10 equilateral triangles. 30 cm in diameter.54653 B = 8.54653 B = radius of dome x 0. To determine "A" we use a number called a "Chord Factor". We know "A" is 9.19795 cm B = 8. The triangles we are going to create.27 cm. A = radius of dome x 0. you must create 40 triangles.61803 A = 9. they will look like this:
The 10 equilateral triangles have each side equal to a length "A".61803. To determine the length of "A" multiply the chord factor times the radius of the dome you are designing.61803 A = 15 cm x 0. to calculate "B" we use a different chord factor.

Then follow the assembly sequence for the 50 cm dome.Step 3:
To construct this dome you must create triangular elements using the dimensions "A" and "B". Draw a 30 cm diameter circle on a solid cardboard base then follow the instructions for constructing the 50 cm dome. just multiply radius times the chord factor.
. You can create a dome of any size.