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What is a Jackson Pratt drain?
A Jackson Pratt drain, or JP drain, is used to remove fluids that build up in areas of your body. Unwanted fluid can collect in areas of infection, areas where surgery has been done, or in other body areas. The JP drain is made up of a thin rubber tube and a soft round squeeze bulb. One end of the rubber tube is placed in the area where body fluids may build up. The other end sticks out of your body through a small incision (cut), and is connected to the squeeze bulb
How does a Jackson Pratt drain work?
The JP drain removes fluids by creating suction (pulling) in the tube. To produce suction, the bulb is pressed flat and is connected to the tube sticking out of your body. Suction is created as the bulb sucks in air from the tube going into your body. This pulls fluid out from the area where the drain was placed and into the rubber tubing. The fluid then travels through the tubing and into the bulb of the JP drain. As the JP drain bulb fills with fluid, it goes back to its round shape.
Why do I need a Jackson Pratt drain?
When fluid builds up in a body area, the area may not heal as fast as it should, or an infection may start. Too much fluid in a body area may also cause pain and swelling. Using
The end of the tubing inside your body may get blocked with blood or other materials. 5 to 6 new cotton swabs. the tissue may not heal. . Saline solution or soap and water. How do I take care of the skin around my Jackson Pratt drain entry site? Change bandages at the JP drain entry site every day to keep it clean and dry. You may develop a fistula (unwanted tunnel). you may have more pain and swelling. In most cases. If you are caring for your JP drain at home. or it may not heal at all. Your caregiver will tell you if you need to do this more often. When is a Jackson Pratt drain removed? The amount of fluid that comes out of the surgery or wound area and into the JP drain will decrease as the area heals. If you have a drain after skin flap or skin graft surgery. JP drains may also be used after skin flap surgery and skin grafting. The JP drain also helps clear away pus and may help infections heal faster. and he will tell you when the drain will be taken out. Collect the following items and place them where they can be reached easily: y y y y y Two pairs of clean medical gloves. it may allow germs to enter your body and cause an infection.a JP drain after surgery may help you heal faster and decrease your risk of getting an infection. you will need to keep track of the amount of fluid that you are emptying from the drain. If the drain is placed after certain types of surgery. If you get an infection. and your wound will heal more slowly. you may get an infection if it stays in your body longer than it is needed. If this happens. Your caregiver will keep track of how much fluid is draining into the JP drain. A clean container. or the drain may make a hole in your intestine. the bulb cannot correctly suction fluids. A JP drain may be used after surgery on your spine to check if spinal fluid is leaking. What are the risks of having a Jackson Pratt drain? If a JP drain is not taken care of correctly. New gauze pads. the drain will need to stay in place until less than 30 milliliters (about two tablespoons) of fluid are draining from it in a day. and collect it.
Do not let the drain fill up any more than half full. Throw the old bandage into a plastic trash bag. Wash your hands after you are finished. Check the drain at least every four hours. or every 8 to 12 hours even if it is not half full. and squeezing the bulb. Make sure the stitches that attach the JP drain to your skin are tight. moving away from the insertion site. Look for any new redness. the empty bulb needs to be squeezed. Tell caregivers if they are loose or missing. Place a waterproof pad or towel under the JP drain to soak up any spills. y Loosen the tape and gently remove the old bandage. Dry your hands and put on clean gloves. Empty it if it is half full of fluid. Let the skin dry. Start from the place where the drain enters your skin and clean outward in circles. Take your gloves off and put on a clean pair. there will often be drainage coming out of the wound. When the area is dry. Dip a cotton swab in the solution once. Pour a small amount of saline solution or clean water into a container. Tape the tubing down to the bandages. Clean your skin 3 to 4 times. Surgical tape. empty your JP drain when it fills up half way. y Waterproof pad or bath towel. and place them where they can be easily reached: . Tell caregivers if you see any of these changes. Follow these steps to care for your skin around the JP drain entry site: y Wash your hands with soap and water. How do I empty the Jackson Pratt drain? The following are general directions for emptying the JP drain bulb. Gently clean the skin around the drain. moving in circles.y y Plastic trash bag. y y y y y When do I empty the Jackson Pratt drain? For the first 24 hours (one day) after most types of surgery.Gather the following supplies. Throw all used supplies in the trash bag along with your gloves. After the drain is emptied. Use surgical tape to hold it down against your skin. Attach the bulb to your clothing using a safety pin. swelling. using a new swab each time. Check for a foul (bad) smell coming from the area. or pus at the place where the drain enters your skin. This is done to keep the suction of the JP drain strong enough to pull out more fluid. put a new bandage around the JP tube entry site. After one day.
While the bulb is being squeezed. If you cannot squeeze it and plug it at the same time. Clean the plug with a cotton ball dipped in alcohol. Do not pull on the tubing. Measure the amount of fluid that came out of the JP drain bulb. y When should I call my caregiver? . Do not touch the tip of the spout with the mouth of the collection cup or anything else. Follow these steps to empty the JP drain: y Wash your hands with soap and water. or an alcohol swab. Check the bulb for any holes or cracks. Use your elbow or hand to press down hard on the bulb. color. Notebook. or JP drainage chart to keep track of this information. causing the drain to fall out. Remove the plug at one side of the bulb and pour the fluid into a measuring container. ask someone for help. and odor of the fluid. Do not squeeze the bulb if the plug is in place. y Plastic trash bag. Use a piece of paper.y y y y y One pair of clean medical gloves. Dry your hands and put on clean gloves. Throw all used supplies in the trash bag along with your gloves. Cotton balls. Squeeze the bulb tightly while the plug is still off. Wash your hands after you are finished. Flush the fluid down the toilet. This keeps germs from getting inside the bulb and tubing. and the date and time that you collected it. Place the bulb lower than the wound to prevent fluid from going back into your body. y y y y What can I do to prevent problems with my JP drain? y Always keep the bulb lower than the wound. Medical alcohol or alcohol swab. Write down the amount. and then stick the plug in it. y Place a waterproof pad or towel under the JP drain to soak up any spills. This can loosen the stitches holding the drain to your skin. You may also place the bulb on a hard surface. put the plug back to seal the bulb. Clean measuring container. This will stop the fluid from going back into your body. such as a table. a notebook.
yellow. You feel more pain in the area of your drain. You have more swelling or redness where the drain enters your skin. Your JP drain comes out. You have a fever. You see holes or cracks in the tubing or bulb of the drain. or the drain is leaking. . When should I seek immediate help? Go to the nearest emergency room if: y y y y y y Liquid has suddenly stopped coming into the bulb of your JP drain. The JP drain stitches come loose or break off.Call your caregiver if: y y y y The fluid removed by the JP drain is cloudy. The JP drain starts filling up very quickly with bright red blood. or foul-smelling. Your bandages are soaked with blood.
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