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Lightning Fast Torque on Demand
cuts cost • Increases torque capacity • Optimizes hydraulics • Improves clearance and ﬁshability • Reduces risk of failure • Extends life 2 .• Saves time.
comparative fatigue testing and several ﬁeld trials. TurboTorque connections have been thoroughly engineered and tested to validate both design and performance. horizontal. faster than ever before. These patented connections have proven especially well suited for extended reach. multiple make and break. All TurboTorque connections feature a proprietary double-start thread form. increased clearance and ﬁshability. TurboTorque’s unique design reduces revolutions from stab to makeup by at least 50% to signiﬁcantly cut drilling time and costs. torque-to-yield. Now. NOV Grant Prideco introduces a new line of connections intended to drill deeper and further. Tests included ﬁnite element analysis. optimized hydraulics. TurboTorque connections are the industry’s ﬁrst family of connections designed to meet the speciﬁc and different needs of each pipe size. reduced risk of failure and extended life. making them radically faster than competitive connections. yet runs as fast or faster than API connections. deep water. TurboTorque provides improved performance compared to XT. Simply put. HPHT and ultra-deep environments. 3 . Other beneﬁts include increased torque capacity.Introducing TurboTorqueTM Revolutionizing Rotary-Shouldered Connections N OV Grant Prideco’s industry-leading eXtreme® Torque (XT®) connections have been meeting the requirements of the most challenging drilling applications for years.
In such a case. connection torque capacity is of primary importance. connections have been weak in comparison to the pipe body for the smallest sizes of drill pipe ranging from 2-3/8 to 2-7/8 inch diameter. Grant Prideco has further refined the development and optimization of rotaryshouldered connection design.TurboTorque Design Philosoph TM or over 25 years. Still leading the industry. 3-1/2 to 4-1/2 in. The XT ® design departed from the constraints of API with an improved thread form and reduced taper. TurboTorque connections are the industry’s first rotary-shouldered connections that are designed to meet the specific and different needs of each individual pipe size. Less important is speed of makeup. speed of makeup is a primary design objective. Design parameters must be balanced to reduce the make-up torque and improve hydraulic performance. Taking a “one size does not fit all” approach. This design optimization resulted in additional improvements in torque capacity and streamlined profiles. Design Priority 1 2 Increased torque capacity Speed of makeup Optimized hydraulics Reduced make-up torque 3 Optimized hydraulics Optimized hydraulics Increased torque capacity Optimized hydraulics 4 Speed of makeup Increased tensile capacity Increased torque capacity Speed of makeup Speed of makeup 4 . Design must focus on speed of makeup and streamlined connection profiles for increased hydraulic performance. F For 3-1/2 to 4-1/2 inch sizes. The common use of these sizes makes speed of makeup more desirable than incremental hydraulic gains. Historically. optimized to best meet some very specific objectives. NOV Grant Prideco has taken the lead in the development of rotary-shouldered connections. 5 to 5-7/8 in. For completions. The TurboTorque™ product line is composed of four distinct design configurations. at times surpassing the capacity of the rig equipment. the TurboTorque product line is composed of four distinct configurations. optimized to best meet the design objectives specific to each pipe size. the HT design was based on API thread forms. Even so. the Grant Prideco ® XT-MTM connection provided the industry’s first pressure rated rotaryshouldered connection. These sizes are commonly used offshore and in higher profile projects. The typical tool joint to pipe body torque and tension ratios for 5 to 5-7/8 inch sizes are relatively balanced. under-balanced drilling (UBD) and other pressure sensitive operations. ultimately limiting performance. The double-shouldered HI-TORQUE® (HT) connection is still a high-performance workhorse of the drilling industry. 6 -5/8 in. In addition. For the large 6-5/8 inch pipe size commonly run in elevated spread rate projects such as deep water. design must be focused on maximizing tension and torque capacity with secondary emphasis on larger inside diameters for improved hydraulics. Drill Pipe Size (inches diameter) 2-3/8 to 2-7/8 in. make-up torques can be excessive.
phy 5 .
OPTIMIZED CONNECTION TAPER Taper is one of the controlling factors in the final configuration of a rotary-shouldered connection. improved fishability. Benefits: Balanced pin and box. reduced cost. reduced connection profile. Benefits: Reduced rig time. The taper is selected to provide for maximum trade-off in torque capacity and speed of makeup. Benefits: Increased torque capacity. reduce the number of turns from stab to makeup by 50%.Features and Beneﬁts DOUBLE. efforts to increase tool joint yield strength have resulted in reduced fracture toughness and increased susceptibility to fatigue crack propagation. reduced cost. Traditionally. improved fishability. maximizing fatigue resistance. 180 degrees apart. The increase in thread lead angle provides an increased torque capacity of up to 12%. increased hydraulic performance. 6 . STRONGER TOOL JOINTS Standard drill pipe tool joints are made of steel with specified minimum yield strength of 120. while meeting the increased fracture toughness required by proprietary manufacturing standards.000 psi (120 ksi SMYS). TurboTorque’s taper is engineered to ensure a balance between the pin and box. TurboTorque connections are engineered specifically for use with 130 ksi SMYS material. In addition. fatigue resistance. increased hydraulic performance. TurboTorque’s thread form and tool joint geometry have been engineered to provide a step-change improvement in fatigue performance. reduced connection profile. Dual thread forms. reduced cost. Optimized taper Thread start 1 Thread start 2 TurboTorque™ is the industry’s first rotary-shouldered connection to offer a double-start thread and a taper that is fully optimized for each product size. increased torque capacity.START THREAD TurboTorque™ connections are the industry’s first rotary-shoudered design to offer a double-start thread.
TurboTorque™ 585.05 0 (0.025” root radius) XT® (0.PERFORMANCE THRE AD FORM TurboTorque’s proprietary thread form is optimized for each of the four design configurations.065” x 0. The NOV Grant Prideco® RSC SCF methodology provides an accurate method to compare the relative peak stress trends and SCF values among various rotaryshouldered connection designs to assist in evaluation and selection of connections for drilling.0. NOV Grant Prideco has developed a new methodology for more accurately predicting the worst case peak stress for a given pipe load.0 42 ” root radius) (0. TurboTorque connections provide a step-change improvement in peak stress reduction and enhanced fatigue performance while offering substantially more streamlined profiles.342 62. The thread form incorporates a unique dual-root radius – larger than the root radii of API and even XT® connections – significantly reducing peak stress in the thread roots. Benefits: Enhanced fatigue performance. C O M PA R AT I V E S C F VA L U E S Connection API NC38 TurboTorque 390 API 5-1/2 FH TurboTorque 585 Tool Joint Size (inches) 4-7/8 x 2-9/16 4-7/8 x 2-11/16 7-1/4 x 3-1/2 7 x 4-1/2 Make-up Torque (ft-lbs) 12. Benefits: More accurate prediction of peak stress and relative fatigue life. The SCF values for TurboTorque 390. reduced cost.047 25.root radius) TurboTorque™ incorporates a unique large dual-root radius significantly reducing the peak stress in the thread roots. The TurboTorque connections are made up to the Turbo-MUT™ values. TurboTorque 585. API NC38 and 5-1/2 FH are shown for comparison in the adjacent table for various common tool joint sizes.038R (0.919 0.HIGH.899 0.930 Stress Concentration Factor for TurboTorque™ 390. API NC38 and 5-1/2 FH for popular tool joint configurations. Current industry methods for determining the SCF do not consider the large pre-load stress induced by the make-up torque in a rotary-shouldered connection. TurboTorque 585 has SCF values comparable to API 5-1/2 FH and provides 43% greater torque capacity. T H R E A D FO R M C O M PA R I S O N S API NC V.0 42 ” root radius) (0. In most mechanical systems.06 0” dual root radius) API FH V. reduced cost. STRESS CONCENTR ATION FACTOR The design evaluation of TurboTorque™ connections led to the development of a novel approach for determining the Stress Concentration Factor (SCF) of rotary-shouldered connections (RSC). Peak stress is the highest principal stress that normally occurs at a geometric discontinuity.052” x 0.0. SCF is defined as a ratio of the peak stress to applied normal stress in a similarly strained area.467 43. Even with 24% less moment of inertia. This more accurate method uses Finite Element Analysis (FEA) as the primary tool to explore the maximum peak stress trends in rotaryshouldered connections and to calculate the SCF. usually a thread root in the case of a rotary-shouldered connection. Taking the large pre-load into account. completion and open water applications. 7 .770 0.038 ” root radius) XT® (0.065” dual.108 SCF 2.
300e+05 +1. Internal Shoulder Gap Configuration VME Stress Distribution for TurboTorqueTM 390 (4-7/8” x 2-11/16”) Connection at Maximum Make-up Torque: 25. FE A FOR TURBOTORQUE™ 390 Max. FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS TurboTorque 390 and TurboTorque 585 were modeled using ABAQUS® finite element code.000e+04 +3.000e+04 +5. 8 .000e+04 +8. Internal Shoulder Gap Configuration Min. Connections were made up to the recommended make-up torque.000e+00 +1. TORQUE-TO-YIELD The torsional yield strength for TurboTorque connections was calculated.000e+04 ABAQUS is a registered trademark of ABAQUS. Physical torque-to-yield tests were then conducted on TurboTorque 390 and TurboTorque 585.000e+04 +1.000e+04 +0.000e+04 +7.000e+04 +4.000e+04 +4. TurboTorque 390 and TurboTorque 585.000e+04 +6. The von Mises equivalent (VME) stress distribution was determined for extreme manufacturing tolerance conditions.000e+04 +2. were chosen for initial evaluation. Samples for each of the extreme manufacturing tolerance conditions were tested. The anticipated two most popular designs.000e+05 +9.100e+05 +1.467 ft-lbs FE A FOR TURBOTORQUE™ 585 Maximum Internal Shoulder Gap Configuration Minimum Internal Shoulder Gap Configuration VME Stress Distribution for TurboTorqueTM 585 (7” x 4-1/2”) Connection at Maximum Make-up Torque: 61. The physical test results displayed exceptional correlation with the values predicted by the calculations. Mises (Avg Crit: 75%) +9. No galling or connection damage was observed.108 ft-lbs S.200e+05 +1. The stress plots for makeup to the maximum make-up torques (Turbo-MUT TM) are shown below. Results follow: MAKE AND BREAK TEST Samples of TurboTorque 390 and TurboTorque 585 for each of the extreme manufacturing tolerance conditions were subjected to 100 make and breaks.Testing and Design Validation T he TurboTorque™ connection design process included significant computer analysis and physical testing. Inc.
The red and blue lines are the test results for each of the extreme manufacturing tolerance conditions.038 100.000 Torque.11/ 16 ” T U R B O T O R Q U E™ 3 9 0 60. ft-lbs 60. blue represents the maximum gap. Based on the material properties for the actual material tested.000 102.000 40.000 0 Degrees of Rotation Torque-turn graphs for the TurboTorque™ 390 and TurboTorque™ 585 connections display exceptional correlation with calculated values.000 20.TO RQ U E-TO -Y I E LD 4 .000 Torque. 9 .000 50.000 44.552 40. ft-lbs 30.000 10. Red represents the minimum gap. the predicted torsional yield strength values are shown by the horizontal lines.000 0 Degrees of Rotation TO RQ U E-TO -Y I E LD 7” X 4 -1/2” TURBOTORQUE™ 585 120.000 20.7/ 8 ” x 2 .000 80.
fatigue testing and SCF calculation.000 100.8.7.000 82.250 x 3. and the “torque on demand” feature provides an additional 8% of torque capacity for those unusual drilling situations.500 26.4. 1 M A K E .563 5-1/2 FH .000 22.8.500 63. Most TurboTorque tests and design validation were conducted on connections made up to the Turbo-MUT value1.000 x 4.6. TurboTorque is the first connection in the industry to provide a Turbo-MUT. This allows the Turbo-MUT to be used confidently without having to consult NOV Grant Prideco.000 x 4.Performance TORQUE PERFORMANCE TurboTorque™ connections provide more torque capacity than any other double-shouldered connections in the industry today.) Includes finite element analysis.500 56.250 x 3.300 100.100 (min.875 x 2.500 x 5. Turbo-MUT is ideal for those unusual drilling situations when additional torque is required. This “torque on demand” feature provides an additional 8% of torque capacity.875 x 2. 60. Recommended MUT is used for normal drilling operations. torque-to-yield.100 65.500 x 4. In most situations.100 43.250 x 3. such as large diameter drilling or landing strings.563 XT39 .250 NC38 .250 XT69 .500 TT690 .U P TO RQ U E CO M PA R I S O N 120.7.000 50.8.250 TT390 4.7.000 12. Minimum MUT is normally only considered in cases when the recommended MUT may exceed capacity of the rig equipment.500 42.250 TT500 . Three make-up torque (MUT) values are provided for each TurboTorque connection: • Minimum MUT • Recommended MUT • Turbo-MUT™ Minimum MUT is the least amount of MUT acceptable to assure that the connection will function properly. recommended MUT provides enough torque to prevent downhole makeup while minimizing connection stress.250 x 5.875 x 2.500 NC46 .6.688 Connection 10 .500 XT57 .200 25.250 x 2.900 20.000 62.600 40.100 Make-up Torque 80.100 0 6-5/8 FH .500 TT585 .6.750 XT46 .4.
significantly increasing hydraulic performance. 11 . TurboTorque’s slim outside diameter often permits the use of a larger pipe size. Relative to XT. and 1/4 inch or larger IDs on larger drill pipe sizes. More hydraulic horsepower at the bit saves operational cost and enables drilling of deeper wells.® TurboTorque offers 1/8 inch larger IDs on smaller drill pipe sizes.HYDR AULIC PERFORMANCE The TurboTorque™ connection optimizes hydraulic performance. For a given hole size. The refinement of the TurboTorque design and 130 ksi SMYS tool joints means the tool joint ID can be increased for reduced pressure loss through the drill string.
000 400.000. TurboTorque™ 585 is 24% less stiff than API 5-1/2 FH. FAT I G U E P E R F O R M A N C E TURBOTORQUE™ 390 AND API NC38 Increasing Bending Moment 100. yet its average fatigue life is 174% greater. dual-root-radius thread form results in a step-change improvement in fatigue resistance.000 300.000 Cycles to Failure. N 7-1/4” x 3-1/2” 5-1/2 FH 7” x 4-1/2” TurboTorque™ 585 Using the moment of inertia to compare connection stiffness. 12 . To illustrate the TurboTorque connection’s fatigue performance. TurboTorque™ 390 is 2% less stiff than API NC38.000 1.FATIGUE PERFORMANCE The TurboTorque™ connection’s proprietary double-start.000 4-7/8” x 2-9/16” NC38 4-7/8” x 2-11/16” TurboTorque™ 390 FAT I G U E P E R F O R M A N C E TURBOTORQUE™ 585 AND API 5 -1/2 FH Increasing Bending Moment 100. N 1. Three samples of each connection were tested on a harmonic fatigue testing machine at the NOV Grant Prideco Technology Center.000 400. In spite of reduced cross-sectional area and moment of inertia. yet displayed a 234% greater fatigue life on average.000 Cycles to Failure. both sizes of TurboTorque connections outperformed their comparable API connection as displayed on the adjacent S-N charts. samples of TurboTorque 390 and TurboTorque 585 were fatigue tested to failure with comparable API NC38 and 5-1/2 FH connections.000 200.000 200.000.000 300.
000 3. 13.60 lb/ft IEU S-135 NC46 5 in.500 100. maximum recommended MUT for XT® connections and Turbo-MUT™ for TurboTorque™ connections.645 6 13 3 (1) Assuming overshot ﬁshability considerations for common hole sizes. 23. P E R FO R M A N C E C O M PA R I S O N – T U R B O T O RQ U E™.50 IEU S-135 XT46 5 in.250 6.500 56.250 3.70 lb/ft IEU S-135 6-5/8 FH 6.50 IEU S-135 TurboTorque™500 5-1/2 in. 14. (2) Maximum MUT is API recommended MUT for API connections.145 1.875 4. The results are shown in the table below.500 2.750 3. TurboTorque™ and XT connections permit use of a larger pipe size than do API connections for similar hole sizes.500 250 250 250 7-7/8 7-7/8 7-7/8 6.40 lb/ft IEU S-125 range 2 • Onshore 5 in.000 1. 13 .00 lb/ft IU S-135 XT39 4 in.000 in. The TurboTorque connections meet stringent NOV Grant Prideco ® design criteria while providing a more compact profile resulting in improved clearance (fishability) and hydraulic efficiency.500 43.500 500 500 500 2.000 ft (4) (psi) 2.40 lb/ft IEU S-135 TurboTorque™585 6. PV = 22 eq.) Maximum MUT (2) (ft-lbs) Flowrate (gpm) Internal pressure loss through DP per 10. YP = 9 lbf/100 ft 2 and 2 inch longer than standard (LTS) tool joint lengths.250 5.698 1.250 5.) 6 6 6 Tool Joint OD (in. 14.40 lb/ft IEU S-135 XT57 5-7/8 in.70 lb/ft IEU S-135 5-1/2 FH 5-7/8 in.30 lb/ft EU S-135 NC38 4 in. 13. (4) Pressure loss calculations based on Hershel-Buckley modeling regime and assume a 12 ppg mud system.250 4. 12-1/4 8-1/2 8-1/2 7.500 8.200 25. 27. X T ® A N D A PI A S S E M B L I E S Typical minimum hole size (1) (in. TurboTorque provides improved performance over XT and runs as fast or faster than API.250 4.000 1. 16. Actual results may vary depending on connection features.. 24.563 2. 16.100 22.600 62.495 1. TurboTorque provides make-up speeds comparable to or better than the API connections.5/8 in.250 7.500 26.250 6. dial readings of 4-5-13-20-30-52.008 1.900 42. The following drill pipe sizes with API connections are typically used: • Offshore 3-1/2 in. TurboTorque connections offering the “torque on demand” feature provide improved torque capacity.PERFORMANCE COMPARISON TurboTorque’s performance improvements are best illustrated by a comparison to both an API connection and to XT® for specific drill pipe sizes.000 7.100 (3) 1.563 2. 19. (3) Reduced MUT in larger DP sizes is often desired for rig capacity considerations. Minimum MUT for TurboTorque™ 690 is 63.100 50. 23.032 962 Turns from stab to makeup (5) (each) 5 11 5 Drill Pipe (DP) 3-1/2 in.500 4.059 1. 27.70 lb/ft IEU S-135 range 2 • Onshore 4-1/2 in.70 lb/ft IEU S-135 TurboTorque™690 4. Also.30 lb/ft EU S-135 range 2 5-1/2 in. 23.300 82. 14.093 982 5 12 4 TurboTorque™ connections accommodate larger internal diameters through the tool joint to reduce system pressure losses.688 12.5/8 in. resulting in efficient rig operations.70 lb/ft IEU S-135 XT69 6.500 1. 24.000 2. cp.875 in.250 2. • Offshore 4. 19. (5) Turns from stab to makeup are estimated based on nominal dimensions and crest-to-crest contact at stab.00 lb/ft IU S-135 TurboTorque™390 4-1/2 in.5/8 in.283 6 13 4 12-1/4 12-1/4 12-1/4 8.100 ft-lbs.500 65. 19.875 2.60 lb/ft IEU S-135 range 2 Due to their streamlined profile.50 lb/ft IEU S-135 range 2 The best fit API.369 1.500 8. Simply stated.00 lb/ft IU S-135 range 2 5.500 1.100 1.) Tool Joint ID (in. provide increased torque capacities to XT ® and make up in equal or fewer turns than API.875 4. 27. XT and TurboTorque connections were selected for each pipe size.
An Economic Value SAVE TIME. However. TurboTorque’s double-start thread form radically reduces the number of turns to makeup and breakout. The resulting time saved has a marked effect on rig economics.all proven to provide extended life. The result: more mechanical and hydraulic horsepower to the bit. then continues to provide operational savings. TurboTorque’s increased torque capacity enables more outer diameter wear before downgrade. enabling successful completion of world class wells. DRILL DEEPER. increased reliability and reduced total cost of ownership. TurboTorque often pays for itself on the first well. Compared with competitive premium rotary-shouldered connections. TurboTorque’s streamlined profile decreases pressure loss through the tool joint and often allows the use of a larger pipe size. extending industry performance. fatigue-resistant upset/weldneck geometries. 14 . In addition. REDUCE TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP TurboTorque’s proprietary thread form allows more fatigue resistance with less material. quench and tempered weld zones. STEP OUT FURTHER TurboTorque’s torque capacity exceeds that of all double-shouldered connections on the market. TurboTorque connections incorporate superior NOV Grant Prideco® technology such as engineered materials. CUT COST TurboTorque™ connections require similar running procedures as API and XT® connections. quality processing and Platinum™ HB hardband .
700 31.72 24.375 6.563 6.900 62.900 57.500 13.90 21.70 S-135 S-135 S-135 620.000 7.400 25.400 TurboTorque 500 TurboTorque 525 TurboTorque 525 6.37 47.71 24.100 40.800 47.600 45.813 Tool joint ID (in) 2.900 51.100 47.800 47.063 15.78 28.300 TurboTorque 550 TurboTorque 585 TurboTorque 585 6.500 3.300 468.700 29.600 Streamline Standard Standard 5.750 4.60 16.500 21.938 5.875 23.800 55.500 4.500 4.100 72.600 37.875 5.438 22.900 38.563 17.800 Streamline Standard Standard 4.400 TurboTorque 690 8.000 4.200 48.500 5.500 3.44 15.188 7.875 5.500 28.900 Streamline Standard Standard 4.500 5.900 21.500 46.000 6.563 3.300 57.30 15.500 6.88 16.50 19.00 15.125 3. 15 .250 4.200 23.300 66.500 39.800 57.90 24.800 30.11 28.00 14.250 5.800 19.700 23.000 19.200 TurboTorque 435 TurboTorque 485 TurboTorque 485 5.875 3.000 4.800 746.900 TurboTorque 390 TurboTorque 420 TurboTorque 420 4.33 39.800 82.50 S-135 S-135 TurboTorque 380 TurboTorque 380 14.40 26.600 50.60 20.625 7.250 2.100 62.08 27.79 17.000 46.500 403.500 4.400 Streamline Standard Standard 5.50 25.600 50.600 23.188 25.96 18.000 5.800 57.600 704.600 62.250 5.200 Streamline Streamline 5.500 30.900 20.15 63.36 19.100 (1) SmoothEdge ® dual-diameter box tool joints are recommended on streamline sizes for adequate elevator capacity and maximum wear allowance.500 49.29 22.000 7.70 S-135 760.400 28.250 5.125 3.250 6.800 560.688 2.100 75.700 23.300 581.500 16.100 Tool joint OD (in) 4.100 Standard 6.51 38.70 S-135 S-135 S-135 403.300 62.00 S-135 S-135 S-135 468.100 TurboTorque 585 TurboTorque 585 7.60 S-135 S-135 S-135 560.000 5.938 2.600 620.900 25.000 14.TURBOTORQUE™ MECHANICAL CHAR ACTERISTICS Premium tube tensile strength (lbs) 381.900 451.000 4.500 757.30 S-135 S-135 666.313 6.500 4.688 2.500 Product Type OD (in) Nominal weight (lb/ft) Grade TurboTorque™ Connection SmoothEdge ® OD (in) (1) Adjusted weight (lb/ft) Minimum MUT (ft-lb) Recommended MUT (ft-lb) TurboMUT™ (ft-lb) Standard Standard 3.625 3.500 30.50 22.500 456.500 7.625 27.813 23.600 32.42 16.125 4.
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