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Multiple-Choice Questions 1982

If necessary, take g = 10 m/s2 .

1. Which of the following are vectors ?

(1) weight
(2) temperature
(3) potential difference

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (3) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

2. The diagram below shows 3 successive sections of a ticker tape produced by a trolley running down an inclined

If the ticker timer makes 50 dots per second, what is the uniform acceleration of the trolley ?
A. 2.0 m/s2 B. 2.5 m/s2 C. 4.0 m/s2
D. 6.0 m/s2 E. 8.0 m/s2

3. A vehicle moving with uniform speed travels up a road of constant gradient. The power developed by the
vehicle's engine is
A. uniformly increasing
B. increasing, but not uniformly
C. constant
D. uniformly decreasing
E. decreasing, but not uniformly

4. The diagram shows a gas molecule of mass m colliding with the wall of a container at a speed of 2 m/s and
rebounding back with the same speed. Which of the following is/are true ?
(1) The kinetic energy of the particle before and after the
collision remains unchanged.
(2) The velocity of the particle before and after the collision remains unchanged.
(3) The momentum of the particle before and after the collision remains unchanged.

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)
5. A constant force directed to the left is acting on a body which is initially travelling to the right. Which of the
following best represents the velocity-time graph of the body ?

A. V B. V C. V

t t t
0 0 0

D. V E. V

t t
0 0

6. Which of the following statements concerning the energy of a body falling freely under the action of gravity is/are
correct ?
(1) It gains kinetic energy while falling.
(2) Its total energy at any point in the flight is equal to the work done in raising it from ground level to that
(3) Its kinetic energy at the end of the flight is all converted into potential energy.

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

7. A trolley on a smooth horizontal surface is pulled by two forces P and Q in the direction shown in the diagram


The magnitudes of P and Q are 2 N and 1 N respectively. If the mass of the trolley is 1 kg, the acceleration of
the trolley is
A. 0.15 m/s2 towards the left.
B. 2.24 m/s2 towards the left.
C. 0 m/s2 .
D. 0.73 m/s2 towards the right.
E. 0.15 m/s2 towards the right.
8. Two particles A and B of masses 2 kg and 1 kg respectively move in opposite directions. The initial velocity of A
is 4 m/s towards the right, while that of B is 2 m/s towards the left. They collide head on. After the collision,
the velocity of A becomes 1 m/s towards the right.

4 ms- 2 ms-
1 1


What would be the velocity of particle B ?

A. 2 m/s towards the right
B. 3 m/s towards the right
C. 4 m/s towards the right
D. 6 m/s towards the right
E. 7 m/s towards the right

load effort

The figure shows a simple hydraulic press. The radius of piston A is 5 cm and that of piston B is 1 cm. If the
efficiency of the machine is 80 %, find the effort, acting on piston B, which would be required to lift a load of
1000 N on piston A.
A. 32 N B. 40 N C. 50 N
D. 160 N E. 250 N
10. In a frozen lake, water temperature varies with the depth below the ice layer. Which of the following graphs
correctly shows this variation ?

A. temperature B. temperature C. temperature

4 oC

deep deep deep

0 oC 0 oC 0 oC
- 4 oC

D. temperature E. temperature

4 oC 4 oC

deep deep
0 oC 0 oC

11. A solid substance of mass 2 kg and specific heat capacity 1000 Jkg-1K-1 is heated uniformly by a constant heat
source. The temperature-time graph of the substance is as shown below.


20 time
C 0 100 200

Assuming that no heat is lost, find from the graph the specific latent heat of fusion of the substance.
A. 1000 J/kg B. 20000 J/kg C. 30000 J/kg
D. 50000 J/kg E. 70000 J/kg

12. The temperature of boiling water can be raised by

(1) heating the water more strongly.
(2) stirring the water more vigorously.
(3) increasing the external pressure.

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)
13. A train of water waves is travelling from a deep water region to a shallow-water region.
Which of the following properties of water waves will be changed ?
(1) wavelength
(2) frequency
(3) velocity

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (3) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

14. A stationary wave is obtained by attaching one end of a string to a 50 Hz vibrator as shown in the diagram. The
velocity of the waves propagated in the string is
A. 0 m/s B. 0.1 m/s C. 0.2 m/s
D. 5 m/s E. 10 m/s

15. Six small toy boats are floating in a large ripple tank. They are equally spaced and the separation between any
two boats is 20 cm. Pulses are sent out regularly from the left. The figure shows the positions of the boats at
four-second time intervals :

I. time = 0

II. time = 4

III. time = 8

IV. time = 12

The frequency of the pulses is

A. 0.25 Hz B. 1 Hz C. 4 Hz
D. 8 Hz E. 16 Hz
16. When a vibrating tuning fork is held near a tube closed at one end as shown in the diagram, the air in the tube
resonates. Displacement nodes are formed at X and Z and antinodes at W and Y.


Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

(1) Air molecules at X and Z are at rest.
(2) Air molecules at W and Y are moving back and forth along the tube.
(3) The length of the tube is roughly equal to the wavelength of the stationary waves formed in vibrating air

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

17. The diagram shows a hydrogen-filled enclosure in which sound waves are emitted at 2000 Hz from a loudspeaker

L P1 P2

After reflection from a wall, the maximum intensity of sound can be detected by a microphone placed
successively at two positions, P1 and P2, which are 0.35 m apart. This experiment can be used to show that the
velocity of sound in hydrogen gas is
A. 350 m/s B. 700 m/s C. 1400 m/s
D. 2000 m/s E. 2100 m/s

18. Arrange the following electromagnetic waves in descending order of their wavelengths :
(1) visible light
(2) X-rays
(3) radio waves

A. (1), (2) and (3)

B. (1), (3) and (2)
C. (2), (3) and (1)
D. (3), (1) and (2)
E. (3), (2) and (1)
19. When a beam of light enters a prism of vertical angle 56° at an angle of 49° with its edge, the refracted beam also
emerges at an angle 0f 49° with the other edge, as shown in the diagram.

56 o

49 o 49 o

The refractive index of the prism material is

A. 1.1 B. 1.3 C. 1.4 D. 1.6 E. 2.0

20. A ray of light is incident at a concave lens. F is the focus of the lens.

Which of the following diagrams correctly shows the path of the emergent ray ?
21. The following data show the thermal properties of five substances P, Q, R, S and T :

Substance P Q R S T
Melting point 40K 98K 114K 270K 300K
Boiling point 280K 880K 180K 370K 380K
Average specific heat
capacity in Jkg-1K-1 800 1200 226 40 110
Specific latent heat of fusion
in 104 J/kg 2 11 5 33 6
Specific latent heat of
vaporization in 104 J/kg 30 34 40 230 200

When 1 kg of each substance has its temperature increased from 250K to 400K, which one will absorb the most
heat energy ?
A. P B. Q C. R D. S E. T

22. Which of the following can produce a real image from a real object ?
(1) plane mirror
(2) convex mirror
(3) concave mirror

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

23. A ray of light I passing from a liquid L into air makes an angle of incidence of 42° (as shown in the diagram). If
the refractive index of the liquid L (from air to liquid L) is 1.35, the most probable emergent ray of light is

A. P P R
B. Q
C. R S
D. S 42 o

E. T T

24. A man standing in front of an optical instrument can see that his image is smaller than his actual size.
The optical instrument could be a
(1) plane mirror
(2) convex mirror
(3) concave mirror

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) or (2) only

D. (2) or (3) only E. (1) or (2) or (3)
25. A convex lens L is placed between a screen and a lamp as shown in the diagram.



A sharp image is formed on the screen. When the lens L is moved a certain distance towards the lamp, a sharp
image is formed again on the screen. Which of the following statements concerning the second image is/are
correct ?
(1) The image is larger than the first image.
(2) The image is real.
(3) The image is inverted.

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

26. A real image of an object is form at I by a lens placed at L.


If the focus of the lens is at F, the object must have been placed near to

A. P B. Q C. R D. S E. T

27. The table below shows the voltages and power ratings for various electrical appliances. Which of the appliances
has the smallest working resistance ?
Appliance Voltage/V Power/W
A. Air-conditioner 200 2000
B. Television 200 250
C. Heater 100 2000
D. Hair-dryer 100 20
E. Headlamp 12 24
28. In the circuit below, the cell has negligible internal resistance.

If the lamp L3 burns out, then

A. L1 becomes brighter
B. L2 becomes brighter
C. L1 becomes dimmer
D. L2 becomes dimmer
E. L1 remains the same brightness

29 It is easy to accelerate a car on a slippery road There is little friction between the road and the
car tyres.

30 Longsight can be corrected by wearing glasses made An object would be magnified by a convex lens
from convex lenses.

31 The resistance of a metal conductor increases with The length of the conductor increases with
temperature. temperature.

32 Two identical electrical heaters when connected in The equivalent resistance of the two heaters
parallel , consume more power than one heater. connected in parallel is greater than the
resistance of a single heater.

33. α-particles have greater α-particles have greater mass than β-particles.
penetration power than
35. Suppose you were given four similar lamps and a battery. Which of the following ways of connecting the lamps
to the battery would give the maximum brightness overall ?

A. B.




36. In the circuit shown below the cell has negligible internal resistance. The two resistors R are identical.


If the power dissipated in the circuit is P when K is open, find the power dissipated when K is closed.
A. 0.25 P B. 0.5 P C. 1 P
D. 2 P E. 4 P
37. A set of Christmas-tree lights consists of 20 bulbs in series. Each bulb has a rating of "10V 5W". One of the
bulbs burns out and Jimmy goes to buy a replacement. When he gets back, he finds that although the new bulb
is marked 5W, it looks dimmer than the others when the lights are turned on.
The most probable reason for this is that the new bulb
A. has a burnt-out filament.
B. has a filament with a high resistance.
C. has been shorted accidentally.
D. is designed to work at a lower voltage.
E. has a smaller current flowing through it.

38. In the circuit diagram below, a current of 2A is flowing through a cell of e.m.f. 3V and internal resistance 1 ohm.

3V, 3Ω


Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

(1) X is at a higher potential than Y.
(2) The potential difference between X and Y is 1V.
(3) The total power generated by the cell is 6W.

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (3) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

39. Fifteen bulbs, each labelled "200V 60W", are connected in parallel to a 200V supply. Which of the following
fuses should be used in the circuit ?
A. 1 A B. 2 A C. 3 A
D. 4 A E. 5 A
40. In the given circuit diagram, the battery has an e.m.f. of 6V and negligible internal resistance. The three resistors
are identical and the voltmeter has the same resistance as each resistor.
What is the reading on the voltmeter ?

A. 1.0 V B. 1.2 V C. 1.5 V

D. 2.0 V E. 2.4 V

41. In the transformer shown below, the ratio of the number of turns on the primary coil to that on the secondary coil
is 10 to 1. If the power input is 50W, find the current in the secondary coil, assuming that the transformer has
an efficiency of 80%.

200V ~
A. 1.0 A B. 1.5 A C. 2.0 A
D. 2.5 A E. 5.0 A

42. Three metal spheres X, Y and Z are placed, so that they are in contact as shown in the diagram. A negatively
charged rod is brought near Z.

X Y Z - - -

Which of the following statements is/are true ?

(1) X is negatively charged.
(2) Y is neutral.
(3) Z is positively charged.

A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

43. Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

(1) Cathode rays travel at a speed of light
(2) Cathode rays cane be deflected by a magnetic field
(3) Cathode rays can be used to produce X-rays
A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (3) only
D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

44. Alpha particles are scattered by the heavy nucleus of a gold atom.

Which of the paths shown in the diagram is a possible path for the scattered alpha particles ?
A. (1) only B. (3) only C. (1) and (2) only
D. (2) and (3) only E. (1), (2) and (3)

45. A radioactive substance has a half-life of 10 minutes.

Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
(1) All the atoms of the substance will split into 4 equal parts in 5 minutes.
(2) The substance will decay completely in 20 minutes.
(3) All atoms of the substance will decay within 10 minutes.

A. (1) only B. (2) only C. (3) only

D. (1) and (2) only E. None of them