GOLDEN GATE BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY Southern California Campus L1212 – 21 & 22 Christian Theology Spring, 2012 Dr. John W.

Shouse JohnShouse@aya.yale.edu 415-380-1515 (work); 415-382-6602 (home); 714-883-5944 (cell) 415-380-1302 (Fax) Sundays 5:00 – 9:20 PM (Saddleback Extension); Mondays 9:00 – 1:20 P.M. (Brea Campus) January 29 & 30, February 12 & 13, February 26 & 27 , March 11 & 12, March 25 & 26, April 15 & 16, April 29 & 30, May 13 & 14

COURSE DESCRIPTION: An introduction to Christian Theology surveying the doctrines of Christ, Salvation, the Spirit, the Church and Eschatology including an additional focus on the ethical implications of Christian thought and practice. (Catalogue Description) The church’s life is a consequence of her theology. Worship, prayer, discipleship, missions, and evangelism are all products of theological conceptions and convictions. This course will orient students to a foundational understanding of the nature and substance of Christian theology. It will introduce participants to the major contours of the Christian doctrines of Christ, the Spirit, Salvation, the Church, and Last Things from a standpoint which identifies with and affirms the evangelical Christian tradition. Special attention will be paid to the importance of language, metaphor, and narrative as necessary paths to Christian truth and experience.

COURSE OBJECTIVES: Upon the successful completion of this course, participants should be better able to: 1. Express a clear understanding of selected major Christian doctrines. (J1, F11, R18, R19) 2. Employ a theological method that includes Biblical exegesis, historical developments, philosophical insight, and experiential realities to articulate theological truth with accuracy, clarity and coherence; (R18) 3. Be knowledgeable concerning the characteristics and contours of several major theological traditions; (J1, R19) 4. Articulate their own personal theological positions; (C6, C7) and 5. Function as responsible pastoral theologians in applying Christian truth to contemporary life and the mission of the church. (C6, C7, C8, C9, C10, R16, M18, M19, M20, M21) (Developed by the Historical/Theological Department and adopted by the Faculty, 2004)

CORE VALUES OF CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: As a consequence of this course participants should be better able to: Theoretical: Articulate the nature and task of Christian theology in the context of the mission of the church. Develop a theological method that is biblical, historical, experiential, contemporary, contextual and philosophically informed Deploy a variety of theological approaches and methodologies Contextually proclaim and relevantly teach the Word of God throughout the global faith community. Honor the importance and realize the imperative of the Great Commission Responsibly develop ones own doctrinal positions and critically evaluate them in terms of the biblical witness and theological canons Exercise biblically shaped leadership and ministry. Incorporate joyfully and consistently Christian theology into the practice of Christian living, ministry and worship. Function as responsible pastoral theologians in witnessing, teaching, defending, demonstrating and applying Christian truth to contemporary life. Give cogent and coherent expression to selected doctrines of the Christian faith, recognize and refute heresy and ground and defend the faith Engage philosophical tools to assist in the development of theological expressions that are coherent, consistent, comprehensive and clear. Reflect the character and mandate of Christ throughout the church’s life and ministry Carry Christ personally, publicly and corporately to others. Be rooted in the church’s experience, faith and 2

Methodological:

Historical:

Exegetical:

Missional:

Convictional:

Leading: Doxological:

Pastoral:

Doctrinal:

Philosophical:

Ethical:

Evangelistic:

Ecclesial:

corporate life. Baptistic: Value the baptist commitment to the priesthood of the believers and the community of discipleship.

STRATEGIES FOR REACHING OBJECTIVES (Course Learning Assignments and Exercises: • Lecture. Students are responsible for all material presented in class. One absence during the semester is at the student’s discretion. Second absences require clearance and should entail dire emergencies. Reading: Students should be up to date in the reading and prepared and ready to be called upon for questions and/or contributions over the reading. Discussion. Students should come prepared with one insight or question from each chapter of the Erickson Table Talk – For each class period students will read the assigned McGrath essays and come prepared to discuss the questions which follow each one. In addition, students will have one sentence for each McGrath reading which will either affirm, disagree, or probe some section of each entry. Comments should be written down in a one sentence form – ready to contribute to the discussion. Facilitating Table Talk – Students will facilitate at least once during the semester a “Table Talk” section using the McGrath Study Questions as a guide, and eliciting student engagement with each essay. Facilitators should contribute at least one probing question of the material to facilitate group discussion as well as soliciting the insights of others. Participation in Theological Debate Presentations – From time to time students will participate in “mock debates” on theological issues. Students will be given materials in the preceding class period and assigned a position – independent of ones personal convictions - and will be responsible to be able to present pertinent points both polemical (i.e. positive) and apologetic (i.e. defensive) with respect to assigned positions. Internet Reflection Essays – Six essays – not to exceed the rough equivalent of one, single space type-written page are to be entered by the end of the normal class meeting time on the weeks the class does not meet. The essay should not summarize the selection but personally engage the selection by either a) affirming b) disagreeing with or c) probing some specific aspect of the text for clearly stated reasons.

• • •

3

Be a personal. and heartfelt articulation of each doctrinal position.• • Examinations –Two Exams will be given.. convictional. **Points added or subtracted from baseline grade of 94 CREDO GRADING RUBRIC UNACCEPTABLE OR MINIMALLY ACCEPTABLE Substantially less or more than one page per doctrine. Omits core features of particular doctrinal foci. Evidence of personal experience/application. and Eschatology. Faithful: Personal: A rubric to standardize assessment of the credo statements – according to biblical. All doctrines are not addressed covered -1 to -5 pts/doctrine No Scripture cited -2 pts/doctrine GOOD EXCELLENT GRADE CONTENT SCRIPTURAL SUPPORT Adequately and with clarity addresses many of the core features of each doctrine. Adheres substantially to the one page-perdoctrine requirement. and systematic ideas of importance – is provided below. Ecclesiology. Each exam will count 30% of the total grade. Pneumatology. Evidence of personal experience and application Adequately and with clarity addresses a comprehensive array of significant building blocks of each doctrine and shows significant attention to grammar and presentation. Reflect a familiarity with and authentic appropriation of historic. +2 pts/doctrine Five or more core Scriptural citations per doctrine (references not quotations) +1 pt/doctrine A Striking and Forceful (not necessarily novel) personal appropriation and articulation of the Doctrine. orthodox and evangelical traditions of the faith. Quotes from sources other than Scripture. Two-four core scriptural citations per doctrine (references not quotations) Evidence of personal appropriation and articulation of the Doctrine. Soteriology.” This “Credo” should be constituted by a summative statement of your convictions concerning each of the major doctrines considered during this semester – Christology (including both the Person and Work of Christ). Theological “Credo”: “Credo” comes from the Latin for “I believe. Each “Credo” should be approximately one page long: Biblical: Include Biblical citations that support your summative confessions of belief. historical. unique presentation +1 pt/doctrine CREATIVITY Little or no evidence of thought toward moving from systematic to pastoral theology and application 4 .

A project might take the form of the development of five doctrinal sermons which show evidence (explicitly cited in a bibliography and footnoted through the sermon) of research and outside reading. Theological Project: The Theological Project assignment is designed to allow students to deploy. That list of doctrines will correspond directly to the number of doctrines studied in both L1211 and L1212. the student will submit a single comprehensive credo.) • A Semester Project. The student will upload his or her complete credo (statements from both classes) at the point they submit the specific statement for the second of the two classes. late submission of assignment. with the one-page/doctrine requirement. the writing of a worship sketch or short play depicting one or 5 . It should reflect a minimum of six sources outside the book or set of books that are being analyzed. The paper is to be a minimum of ten pages. Thus. submitted on time Adherence to Turabian style +2 pts/entire doc (At the conclusion of the second theology course. the development of a series of Bible Studies or Training Sessions on Christian Doctrine (again showing and citing outside research in their development). the artifact will be a combination of credo statements constructed for both L1211 and L1212. The project can by fulfilled in one of three ways: a Research Paper. Analytical Review: The Analytical Review is to be a critical review of one or more theological books of substance that represent significant contributions to the field or contrasting positions on similar themes. It should reflect a minimum of seven outside sources. abilities and ministry settings. an Analytical Review or a Theological Project. regardless of which one the student took last. The paper is to be more than a simple book report. integrate and express theological concepts in a mode that is particularly appropriate to their own interests. The project should be designed in a manner that requires outside research and energy of composition and creation that is roughly equivalent to that of the research paper or analytical review.INSTRUCTIONS Significant & frequent style errors on each page. The paper is to be a minimum of ten pages. Evidence of cutting and pasting -5 to -10 pts/entire doc General adherence to Turabian style. 3. taken online or face-to-face. This statement of beliefs will be comprised of no more than one page per doctrine studied. Research Paper: The Research Paper should explore a theological theme or investigate a theological figure addressed during the course of this semester. These credo projects. will be assigned in each section of both classes taught across the entire GGBTS system. 2. 1.

. Student participation is essential to this process through the following three activities. The review normally occurs after the student's graduation and without reference to student identity. A summary of results (without student ID) is released to the professor only after grades have been submitted for the course. 4th Edition. A New Handbook of Christian Theology. The Concise Dictionary of Christian Theology. 2007 ADDITIONAL RESOURCES: Greg Boyd and Paul Eddy (ed. ePortfolio Reflections ." The institution reviews these artifacts as a way of judging the effectiveness of the Seminary's academic program. Grand Rapids: Baker. TEXTBOOKS: Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy. Systematic Theology Donald Musser & Joseph Price (editors).more theological themes developed in this class (with outside reference material used and cited). 2001. Abingdon. Students are required to complete this online evaluation of course/instructor no later than the last scheduled meeting of the class. Baker Academic 2009 Michael Hordern. The Christian Faith. Across the Spectrum. the creation of a visual work of art related to a theological theme in the course and an accompanying description and rationale showing outside research and theological grounding. The Christian Theology Reader. 2002 Millard Erickson. These reflections must be recorded in the student's ePortfolio and a copy emailed to the professor no later than the last scheduled meeting of the class. Theology for the Community of God Wayne Grudem. Students are encouraged to remove title page or header/footer containing their name prior to attaching the artifact to their ePortfolio.All degree-seeking students must reflect on the work completed as part of required courses by commenting upon the manner in which the course contributed to his/her growth in relation to five Essential Leadership Characteristics selected by the student and referenced in the syllabus under Course Learning Outcomes. Alister McGrath. Oxford: Blackwell. 1. The project should include a bibliography of at least three books and a reflection paper of at least five pages (in addition to whatever form the project itself takes) discussing the theological issues from the class. MANDATORY ASSESSMENT ACTIVITIES GGBTS engages in regular assessment of its academic programs. Stanley Grenz. 2. Across The Spectrum. 3. ePortfolio Artifacts – The syllabi of certain courses identify specific assignments which the student will both turn in to the professor for a grade AND attach to their ePortfolio as a "learning artifact.). 2005 6 . CoursEval Assessments – Each semester a link to a CoursEval survey for each course taken will appear in the student's MyGGBTS page. Wheaton: Crossway Books. research and reading which are reflected and embodied in the project. (Second Edition).

Charts of Christian Theology and Doctrine. Good Ideas from Questionable Christians and Outright Pagans. 2004. Wayne House. Ill. Analytical Review. The Christian Faith Chapter 14 The Person of Christ Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy. CHRISTOLOGY: CHRIST THE CENTER Housekeeping and Introductions The Person of Christ: Christ as Fully God and Fully Man: The Hypostatic Union Michael Horton.H.: InterVarsity Press. The Pleasures of God Steve Wilkens. 1992. GRADING: Class Participation Mid-Term Exam Final Exam Class Presentations Internet Reflections Theological Credo Research Paper. Downers Grove.8 Athanasius on the Two Natures of Christ 7 . James Packer. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. Knowing God John Piper. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 6: “The Christology Debate” Theological Table Talk McGrath: 4. CLASS SCHEDULE: January 29-30 VII. or Theological Project 5% 30% 30% P/F P/F 5% 30% All papers must be handed in hard copy – not electronically unless by express permission of the professor.

4.4 Tertullian on the Incarnation.24 Martin Luther’s Critique of Nestorianism.29 Martin Kãhler on the Historical Jesus 4.25 Francois Turretini on the Threefold Office of Christ.17 The Chalcedonian Definition of the Christian Faith. 4. Forsyth on the Person of Christ.16 Leo the Great on the Two Natures. 4. 4. Wright on History and Christology February 12-13 The Person of Christ II The Work of Christ: Christ as Prophet: The Work of Christ in His Life and Ministry 8 . 4.41 N.10 Gregory of Nazianzus on Apollinarianism.14 Cyril of Alexandria on the Incarnation.36 Wolfhart Pannenberg on the Indispensability of the Historical Jesus 4.34 Dorothy Sayers on Christology and Dogma.23 Gregory Palamas on the Divine Condescension in the Incarnation. 4. (Facilitator) The Christology Debate (Assign Roles in Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy.32 P.9 Apollinarius of Laodicea on the Person of Christ. 4. 4. (Facilitator) 4. (Facilitator) 4. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 7 .6 Origen on the Two Natures of Christ. 4.7 Arius on the Status of Christ.T. 4.31 Albert Schweitzer on the Failure of the “Quest of the Historical Jesus. 4.(Facilitator) 4. T.“The Atonement Debate”) February 6 Internet Reflection – The Person of Christ Write on One of the Following: McGrath: 4.

20 The Socinian Critique of the Idea of Satisfaction 5. The Christian Faith Chapter 15.6 Pseudo-Hippolytus on the Cross’s Cosmic Dimensions 5. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 7: “The Atonement Debate” Theological Table Talk McGrath: 4.7 Rufinus of Aquileia on the “Fish-hook” Theory of the Atonement 9 .23 Charles Wesley on Salvation in Christ The Atonement Debate (Assign Roles in Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy.Christ as Priest: The Work of Christ in His Death and Atonement Michael Horton.33 James Packer on Penal Substitution 5. The State of Humiliation: Christ’s Threefold Office Chapter 16.2 Irenaeus on “Recapitulation” in Christ 5.37 Thomas F. The State of Exaltation: The Servant Who Is Lord Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy.4 Athanasius on the Death of Christ 5. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 14 “The Charismatic Gifts Debate”) February 20 Internet Reflection – The Work of Christ Write on One of the Following: McGrath: 5. Torrance on the Incarnation and Soteriology 5.1 Irenaeus on the “Ransom” Theory of the Atonement 5.

13 Anselm of Canterbury on the Atonement 5.31 Bernard Lonergan on the Intelligibility of Redemption 5.22 George Herbert on the Death of Christ and Redemption 5.5. Called to Be Saints: Christ’s Presence in the Spirit Chapter 18.19 John Calvin on the Grounds of Redemption 5.17 Thomas Aquinas on the Satisfaction of Christ 5.14 Peter Abelard on the Love of Christ in Redemption 5.21 John Donne on the Work of Christ 5. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 14 “The Charismatic Gifts Debate” Theological Table Talk McGrath: 3.10 Augustine on Redemption in Christ 5.35 Colin Gunton on the Language of Atonement February 26-27 VIII.15 Augustine on the Holy Spirit The Charismatic Gifts Debate (Assign Roles in Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy. PNEUMATOLOGY: THE GOD WHO IS SPIRIT The Person and Work of the Spirit: Pleroma: The Person of the Spirit and Praxis: The Fruits of the Spirit Michael Horton. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 8 – “The Salvation Debate”) March 5 Internet Reflection – The Holy Spirit Write on One of the Following: 10 . The Christian Faith Chapter 17. Union With Christ Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy. 5:30 Vladimir Lossky on Redemption as Deification 5.29 Gustaf Aulen on the Classic Theory of the Atonement.10 Basil of Caesarea on the Work of the Holy Spirit 3.

19 John of Damascus on the Holy Spirit March 11-12 IX.43 The Westminster Catechism on Predestination (Facilitator) 6. SOTERIOLOGY: THE SALVATION WE ENJOY FAITH Predestination: The Shape and Plan of Salvation Michael Horton. The Way Forward in Grace: Sanctification and Perseverance Chapter 21 The Hope of Glory: “Those Whom He Justified He Also Glorified” (Romans 8:30) Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy.51 Karl Barth on Election in Christ (Facilitator) The Salvation Debate (Assign Roles in Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy. Forensic Aspects of Union with Christ: Justification and Adoption Chapter 20.11 Augustine on Divine Election (Facilitator) 6.18 Fulgentius of Ruspe on the Holy Spirit and Eucharist 3. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 9 – “The Sanctification Debate” and Chapter 10 – “The Eternal Security Debate) Take-Home Exam Handed Out 11 . Across The Spectrum: Chapter 8 – “The Salvation Debate” Theological Table Talk McGrath: 6. The Christian Faith Chapter 19.17 Cyril of Alexandria on the Role of the Holy Spirit 3.36 John Calvin on Predestination (Facilitator) 6.3.

43 The Westminster Confession of Faith on Predestination 6.16 Pelagius on Human Responsibility 6.2 Tertullian on the Origin of Sin 6.14 Augustine on Human Freedom 6. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 9 – “The Sanctification Debate” and Chapter 10 “The Eternal Security Debate” Theological Table Talk McGrath: 6. The Christian Faith Chapter 20.13 Augustine on Fallen Human Nature 6.15 Augustine on Irresistible Grace and Perseverance 6.12 Augustine on the Nature of Predestination 6. The Way Forward in Grace: Sanctification and Perseverance Chapter 21 The Hope of Glory: “Those Whom He Justified He Also Glorified” (Romans 8:30) Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy.17 Pelagius on Human Freedom 6.33 Martin Luther on Justifying Faith (Facilitator) 12 .46 Emil Brunner on Barth’s Doctrine of Election March 25-26 Saving Faith and Sanctified Lives: The Facts and Fruits of Salvation Michael Horton.26 Thomas Aquinas on the Nature of Grace (Facilitator) 6.11 Augustine on Divine Election 6.March 19 Work on Take-Home Exam Internet Reflection Essay: Write on One of the Following: McGrath 6.18 Pelagius’ Rejection of Original Sin 6.10 Gregory of Nyssa on Human Longing for God 6.37 Theodore Beza on the Causes of Predestination 6.

The Kingdom of Grace and the New Covenant Church Chapter 23.17 John Calvin on the Marks of the Church (Facilitator) 7.20 John Owen on the Nature of a Gospel Church (Facilitator) (Assign Roles in Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy.6.48 John Wesley on Justification (Facilitator) The Sanctification Debate and The Eternal Security Debate (Assign Roles in “The Church Governance Debate” Take Home Exam Handed In X.38 John Calvin on the Concept of Justification (Facilitator) 6. The Christian Faith Chapter Chapter 22. ECCLESIOLOGY: THE BODY WE JOIN LOVE The Church: Love Embodied The Nature and Governance of the Church: Michael Horton. Word and Sacrament: The Means of Grace The Church Governance Debate Theological Table Talk McGrath: 7. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 12 – “The Baptism Debate” and Chapter 13 “The Lord’s Supper Debate”) 13 .

and Holiness Chapter 26. Apostolicity: A Fellowship of Receivers and Deliverers Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy.24 The Bartmen Confession on the Identity of the Church (Facilitator) 7.39 The Council of Trent on Justification 6.1 Irenaeus on Human Progress 6.37 John Calvin on Faith and the Promises of God 6. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 12 – “The Baptism Debate” Chapter 13 – “The Lord’s Supper Debate” Theological Table Talk McGrath: 7.10 Gregory of Nyssa on Human Longing for God 6.32 Martin Luther’s Discovery of the “Righteousness of God” 6.35 Philip Melanchthon on Justification by Faith 6. The Christian Faith Chapter 24.19 The Council of Carthage on Grace 6.30 Stanley Hauerwas on the Importance of the Church (Facilitator) Theological Table Talk McGrath: 8.April 2 Internet Reflection Write on One of the Following: McGrath 6.8 Ambrose on the Unmerited Character of Salvation 6. Baptism and the Lord’s Supper Chapter 25.47 Jonathan Edwards on Original Sin April 15-16 The Church: Love Embodied The Ordinances of the Church The Enacted Parables: Love Dramatized in Baptism and the Lord’s Supper Michael Horton. The Attributes of the Church: Unity.16 Thomas Aquinas on Transubstantiation (Facilitator) 14 . Catholicity.34 Martin Luther on Sin and Grace 6.

43 Alexander Schmemann on the Eucharist April 29-30 15 .27 Leonardo Boff on the Nature of Local Churches 8.22 Vatican I on Papal Primacy in the Church 7.19 Martin Luther on the Bread and Wine as a Testament 8. “The Millenium Debate.6 Augustine on the Mixed Nature of the Church 7.31 Vatican II on the Eucharist 8.18 Martin Luther on the Doctrine of Transubstantiation (Facilitator) 8. Chapter 16.11 Jan Hus on the Church 7.9 Thomas Aquinas on the Catholicity of the Church 7.23 Huldrych Zwingli on “This is My Body” 8.20 Martin Luther on Baptism 8. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 11 – “The Destiny of the Unevangelized Debate”.26 Zizioulas on Local and Universal Churches 7.28 The Council of Trent on Transubstantiation 8.18 Richard Hooker on the Purity of the Church 7.32 Edward Schillebeeckx on Understanding the Real Presence 8.” and Chapter 17 “ The Hell Debate) April 23 Internet Essay Write on One of the Following: McGrath: 7.24 Huldrych Zwingli on the Nature of Sacraments 8.25 Vatican II on the Nature of the Church 7.21 Schleiermacher on the Church as a Fellowship of Believers 7.8.16 The First Helvetic Confession on the Nature of the Church 7.12 Martin Luther on the Marks of the Church 7.1 Irenaeus and the Function of the Church 7.19 The Westminster Confession on the Church 7.26 John Calvin on the Nature of Sacraments (Facilitator) The Baptism Debate The Lord’s Supper Debate (Assign Roles in Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy.

ESCHATOLOGY: THE FUTURE WE AWAIT HOPE The Future: Christ is Coming Again and Final States Michael Horton. The Last Battle and Life Everlasting Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy. A Dwelling Place Chapter 28.” Chapter 17 “ The Hell Debate” Assigned Theological Table Talk McGrath: 10.XI.16 Jeremy Taylor on Death and Heaven (Facilitator) 10.8 Clark Pinnock on Pluralists and Christology (Facilitator) 9.2 Theophilus of Antioch on Conditional Immortality 16 . The Christian Faith Chapter 27. Across The Spectrum: Chapter 11 – “The Destiny of the Unevangelized Debate”. Song on the Cross and the Lotus (Facilitator) McGrath 6.12 Peter Lombard on the Appearance of Humanity in Heaven (Facilitator) 10. Chapter 16.23 Gabriel Fackre on the Last Things (Facilitator) 9. The Return of Christ and the Last Judgment Chapter 29.S. John Hick on Complimentary Pluralism (Facilitator) 9.10 C.9 C.1 Irenaeus on the Final Restoration of Creation 10.S.22 John Scotus Eriugna on the Nature of Paradise 10. “The Millenium Debate.

24 Philip Hughes on Everlasting Death 10. alas. Student Presentations of Papers and Projects Projects and Papers Handed In May 13-14 The above schedule is open to revision in astonishing ways.17 Jonathan Edwards on the Reality of Hell 10.3 Tertullian on Hell and Heaven 10.20 Helmut Thielicke on Ethics and Eschatology 10.8 Gregory of Nyssa on the Resurrection of the Body 10. are due as scheduled.13 Benedict XII on Seeing God in Heaven 10.10.25 Kathryn Turner on Eternal Life The Destiny of the Unevangelized Debate The Millenium Debate The Hell Debate Take Home Exam Handed Out May 7: No Internet Reflection – Spring Reading Week – Work on Take-Home Exam and Paper or Project Take Home Exam Handed In Credos Handed In.21 Richard Bauckham on Moltmann’s Eschatology 10.10 Augustine on the Christian Hope 10.15 John Donne on the Resurrection 10. but assignments. 17 .22 Hans Urs von Balthasar on Hell 10.

114-115 Supporting Argument 1: Rendering the Two Natures of Christ Coherent Supporting Argument 2: The Glory of Jesus Supporting Argument 3: The Inconsistency of the Kenotic View Responding to Objections 1: How Are Two Minds Not Two Persons? Responding to Objections 2: This View is Not Biblical. Responding to Objections 3: Jesus Could Not Have Been Genuinely Tempted Christ Relinquished His Divine Prerogatives (The Kenotic View) The Biblical Argument pp. 119-120 Supporting Argument 1: The Coherence of the Kenotic View Supporting Argument 2: The Humanity of Jesus Supporting Argument 3: The Example of Jesus 18 . 118-119 The Biblical Argument pp.The Christology Debate Across the Spectrum (Chapter 6) The Unavoidable Paradox of the God-man (The Classical View) Christ Relinquished His Divine Prerogatives (The Kenotic View) The Moderator: Posing the Question The Unavoidable Paradox of the God-man (The Classical View) The Biblical Argument pp. 113-114 The Biblical Argument pp.

Responding to Objections 1: This View Undermines the Divinity of Jesus Responding to Objections 2: How Did Jesus Do Miraculous Deeds Responding to Objections 3: Paul’s Interest was Not Metaphysical Responding to Objections 4: Who Ran the Universe During the Incarnation Responding to Objections 5: What of Christ’s Post-Ascension Humanity? 19 .

126-127 The Biblical Argument pp. 134b-35 Supporting Argument 1: Church Tradition Supporting Argument 2: The Unifying Theme of Jesus’ Ministry Supporting Argument 3: The Unity of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection Supporting Argument 4: The Cosmic Dimension of Evil 20 .The Atonement Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 6) The Penal Substitution View (Christ Died in Our Place) The Christus Victor View (Christ Destroyed Satan and His Works) The Moral Government View (Christ Displayed God’s Wrath against Sin) The Moderator: Posing the Question The Penal Substitution View (Christ Died in Our Place) The Biblical Argument pp. 132-334a The Biblical Argument pp. 128-129 Supporting Argument 1: How Sinners are Reconciled to God Supporting Argument 2: Jesus’ Life and Death Responding to Objections 1: This View Limits God Responding to Objections 2: This View Encourages Sinful Living Responding to Objections 3: Guilt Cannot Be Transferred Responding to Objections 4: This View Sets the Father Against the Son The Christus Victor View (Christ Destroyed Satan and His Works) The Biblical Argument pp.

139b-41 Supporting Argument 1: The Coherence and Practicality of the View Supporting Argument 2: The Genuineness of God’s Forgiveness Supporting Argument 3: The Holiness and Unity of the Trinity Responding to Objections 1: Jesus Bore Our Sins Responding to Objections 2: What Becomes of God’s Justice 21 . 137-389a The Biblical Argument pp.Responding to Objections 1: This View is Imbalanced in Its Focus Responding to Objections 2: This View is Overly Speculative Responding to Objections 3: This View Gives Satan Too Much Credit The Moral Government View (Christ Displayed God’s Wrath against Sin) The Biblical Argument pp.

243b-244) Supporting Argument 1 – Church History Supporting Argument 2 – The Canon is Closed 22 . 238 The Biblical Argument pp. 1243-244a) The Biblical Argument pp. 239-240a Supporting Argument 1 – The Weak Biblical Foundation for Cessationism Ephesians 2:20-22 Hebrews 2:4-6 I Corintheans 13:8-13 Supporting Argument 2 – Church History Early Post-apostolic Church Cessationist Exageration Supporting Article 3 . Responding to Objections 2 – The Continuation of Charismatic gifts means that the Canon is Open Tongues Shall Cease (The Cessationist View) The Biblical Argument pp.God’s Guidance Today Responding to Objections 1 – The Pattern of God’s Miraculous Activity does not support this view.The Charismatic Gifts Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 14) The Gifts are for Today (The Continuationist View) Tongues Shall Cease (The Cessationist View) The Moderator: Posing the Question The Gifts are for Today (The Continuationist View) The Biblical Argument pp.

Supporting Argument 3 – Practical Considerations Responding to Objections 1 – This View has a Naturalistic basis Responding to Objections 2 –This View Contradicts Scripture Responding to Objections 3 – This view cannot explain contemporary charismatic experiences 23 .

The Confidence of the Believer: Responding to Objections 1 God is Not Fair: Responding to Objections 2 What About Our Freedom? I Responding to Objections 3 Does God Want All to be Saved? God Wants All to Be Saved View (The Arminian View) The Biblical Argument pp. 147-149a The Biblical Argument pp.The Salvation Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 8) T U L I P (The Calvinist View) God Wants All to Be Saved View (The Arminian View) T U L I P (The Calvinist View) The Biblical Argument pp. 149b-150 Supporting Argument 1 Logical Coherence: Supporting Argument 2 All the Glory is God’s: Supporting Argument 3. 153-155a The Biblical Argument pp. 155b-157 Supporting Argument 1 Affirmation of God’s Perfect Love Supporting Argument 2 Confidence in Evangelism Responding to Objections 1: View is Not Consistent with Election Responding to Objections 2: View Suggests that We Get Credit for our Salvation First Second Third 24 .

163-164a The Biblical Argument pp.The Sanctification Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 9) Sanctification as a Declaration by God (The Lutheran View) Sanctification as Holiness in Christ and in Personal Conduct (The Reformed View) Sanctification as Resting-Faith in the Sufficiency of Christ (The Keswick “Deeper Life” View) Entire Sanctification as Perfect Love (The Wesleyan View) The Moderator: Posing the Question Sanctification as a Declaration by God (The Lutheran View) The Biblical Argument pp. 168 bottom partial paragraph -169 Supporting Argument 1 Balancing Realism and Optimism Responding to Objections 1 This view risks the danger of human pride Responding to Objections 2 Sanctification is more than moral imperatives Sanctification as Resting-Faith in the Sufficiency of Christ (The Keswick “Deeper Life” View) 25 . 164b-165 Supporting Argument 1 Christian Realism Supporting Argument 2 Faith and Pride Responding to Objections 1 Faith Requires Expression Through Good Works Responding to Objections 2 This View Turns Imputed Righteousness into a Legal Fiction Sanctification as Holiness in Christ and in Personal Conduct (The Reformed View) The Biblical Argument pp. 167-168 last full paragraph The Biblical Argument pp.

180-181 end of first paragraph p. 172-173 top half The Biblical Argument pp. Responding to Objections 1 This view focuses exclusively on the act of surrender Responding to Objections 2 Resting-faith is itself a crisis Responding to Objections 3. 176 -177 top half The Biblical Argument pp. first full paragraph to the end 26 . Supporting Argument 2: Optimism and Dependency Responding to Objections 1: This view minimizes the work of justification and misunderstands the work of the Holy Spirit. 180 first full paragraph starting with “Regarding” Responding to Objections 2: Perfection is a heavy Burden pp. 180.The Biblical Argument pp. 177 bottom half to 178 Supporting Argument 1: The root of the problem. 173 bottom half to 174 Supporting Argument 1 Experiencing freedom here and now. pp. Entire Sanctification as Perfect Love (The Wesleyan View) The Biblical Argument pp. 179-180 end of first paragraph p. Not all spiritual striving is of the flesh.

192-194 Supporting Argument 1: Cheap Grace Responding to Objections 1: This View Contradicts the Security Passages in Scripture Responding to Objections 2: This View Promotes Insecurity 27 . 185-186 The Biblical Argument pp.The Eternal Security Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 10) Secure in the Power of God (The Eternal Security View) The Need to Persist in Faith (The Continual Security View) The Moderator: Posing the Question Secure in the Power of God (The Eternal Security View) The Biblical Argument pp. 190-192 The Biblical Argument pp. 186-188 Supporting Argument 1: Perseverance by Grace Supporting Argument 2: Forever a Child of God Supporting Argument 3: Courtship and Marriage Supporting Argument 4: The Security of the Believer Responding to Objections 1 Several Biblical Passages Contradict this View Responding to Objections 2 Eternal Security Undermines Free Will The Need to Persist in Faith (The Continual Security View) The Biblical Argument pp.

215-217 The Biblical Argument pp.223 Supporting Argument 1: Church Tradition Supporting Argument 2: God’s Initiative in Salvation Responding to Objections 1: The Bible Contains No Explicit Reference to Infant Baptism Responding to Objections 2: Scripture Gives Faith as a Prerequisite to Baptism 28 .218 Supporting Argument 1: The Importance of Discipleship Responding to Objections 1: Scripture Passages Oppose the View Responding to Objections 2: This View Ignores the Continuities Between the Old and New Covenants.The Baptism Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 12) Baptism and Christian Discipleship View (The Believer’s Baptism View) Covenanting with the Community of God View (The Infant Baptism View) The Moderator: Posing the Question Baptism and Christian Discipleship View (The Believer’s Baptism View) The Biblical Argument pp. Responding to Objections 3: This View has been Influenced by Modern Individualism Responding to Objections 4: This View Runs Counter to Church Tradition Covenanting with the Community of God View (The Infant Baptism View) The Biblical Argument pp. 220-222 The Biblical Argument pp. 222 (first full paragraph) . 217 (first full paragraph) .

231-232 The Biblical Argument pp. 232-233 Supporting Argument 1: Communion and Our Relationship with God Responding to Objections 1: This View is not Compatable with Scripture 29 . 230 Supporting Argument 1: A Traditional Perspective Responding to Objections 1: The Language Surrounding the Lord’s Supper is Metaphorical “In Remembrance of Me”: The Memorial View The Biblical Argument pp.The Lord’s Supper Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 13) “This is My body”: The Spiritual Presence View “In Remembrance of Me”: The Memorial View “This is My body”: The Spiritual Presence View The Biblical Argument pp. 229 The Biblical Argument pp.

The Destiny of the Unevangelized Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 11) No Other Name (The Restrictivist View) God Does All He Can Do (The Universal Opportunity View) Hope Beyond the Grave (The Postmortem Evangelism View) He Has Not Left Himself Without a Witness (The Inclusivist View) No Other Name (The Restrictivist View) The Biblical Argument pp.206b-207 30 . 199-200a The Biblical Argument pp.200a-201 Supporting Argument 1 – Church History Responding to Objections 1 – This View is Unfair Responding to Objections 2 – According to this View Babies and the Mentally Disabled Cannot be Saved God Does All He Can Do (The Universal Opportunity View) The Biblical Argument Supporting Argument 1 – Church Tradition Supporting Argument 2 – Reason Responding to Objections 1 – There is inadequate Evidence for this View Responding to Objections 2 –This View Compromises the Urgency of Missions Hope Beyond the Grave (The Postmortem Evangelism View) The Biblical Argument pp. 205-206a The Biblical Argument pp.

Supporting Argument 1 – Church History Supporting Argument 2 – The Freewill Defense Responding to Objections 1 – Scripture Rules Out the Possibility of Salvation After Death Responding to Objections 2 – This View Undermines Missions He Has Not Left Himself Without a Witness (The Inclusivist View) The Biblical Argument pp. 209-210a The Biblical Argument pp.210b-211 Supporting Argument 1 – Church History Supporting Argument 2 – God’s Love an Justice Responding to Objections 1 This View Constitutes a Drift Toward Pluralism Responding to Objections 2 – This View Undermines Missions 31 .

The Millenial Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 16) The Return Before the Reign (Premillenial) The Working Toward & Waiting for a Coming Reign of Peace (Postmillennial View) The Symbolic Thousand-Year Conquest of Satan (Amillennial View) The Return Before the Reign (The Premillenial View) The Biblical Argument pp. 268-269 The Biblical Argument pp. 270-271 Supporting Argument 1 Confidence for the future Supporting Argument 2 A Credible Eschatology Responding to Objections 1 This view runs counter to church tradition Responding to Objections 2 How does this view explain evidence of a decaying world? Responding to Objections 3 There are scriptural problems with this view. 264-265a The Biblical Argument pp. The Symbolic Thousand-Year Conquest of Satan (The Amillennial View) 32 . 265a-266b Supporting Argument 1 Church Tradition Supporting Argument 2 The Deteriorating State of the World Responding to Objections 1 This view has an inadequate foundation Responding to Objections 2 This view runs counter to the “mustard seed” pattern of kingdom expansion The Working Toward & Waiting for a Coming Reign of Peace (Postmillennial View) The Biblical Argument pp.

33 . 274-275 The Biblical Argument pp. 276-278 Supporting Argument 1: Church Responding to Objections 1: The Amillennial position spiritualizes Scripture Responding to Objections 2: This view offers a weak defense.The Biblical Argument pp.

288b-290 Supporting Argument 1 Supporting Argument 2 Unending Suffering is Inconsistent with the Love of God Unending Torment is Inconsistent with God’s Victory Responding to Objections 1 Responding to Objections 2 Scripture States that the Wicked will be Tormented Day and Night This View Undermines Fear of Hell 34 .The Hell Debate: Across the Spectrum (Chapter 17) The Unending Torment of the Wicked (The Classical View) The Wicked Shall Be No More (The Annihilationist View) The Unending Torment of the Wicked (The Classical View) The Biblical Argument pp. 282-283a The Biblical Argument pp. 283b-284 Supporting Argument 1 Supporting Argument 2 Supporting Argument 3 Supporting Argument 4 Church Tradition Sin Against an Infinite God Criminals Must Pay No Fear of Hell Responding to Objections 1 Responding to Objections 2 Eternal Hell is Cruel Scripture Teaches Annihilation The Wicked Shall Be No More (The Annihilationist View) The Biblical Argument pp. 286-288a The Biblical Argument pp.

Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House.D. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House. Emil Brunner. Walter. A Theology of Word and Spirit. Brunner. Has Our Theology Changed? Southern Baptist Thought Since 1845. 1997. Demarest. Karl. Faith and the Consummation. The Almighty God. Systematic Theologies: Allen. Frederick Dale. Simon. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press. 1997. Millard J. . The Christian Doctrine of Creation and Redemption. . Dyrness. Barth. 1992. Church Dogmatics. 1986. Downers Grove: InterVarsity. . A Theology of the Holy Spirit: The Pentecostal Experience and the New Testament Witness. 1995. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press. Spiritual Theology: A Systematic Study of the Christian Life. Philosophy for Understanding Theology. Publishers 1978 and1979. Chan. Nashville: Broadman & Holman. Wheaton. 1949. ed. 2nd ed. The Word Became Flesh: A Contemporary Incarnational Christology. Elwell. . San Francisco: Harper and Row. Atlanta: John Knox Press. 1998. Paul. . Eerdmans Publishing Company. Essentials of Evangelical Theology. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press. 35 . . William A. Invitation to Cross-Cultural Theology: Case Studies in Vernacular Theologies. Jesus Christ: Savior and Lord. Grand Rapids: William B. 1993. 1991. Erickson.Systematic Theology Bibliography John W. 1994 Bloesch. Donald. 2000. Shouse. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press. The Cross and Salvation: The Doctrine of Salvation. The Christian Doctrine of God. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House. and The Christian Doctrine of the Church. Holy Scripture. Bruce. The Holy Spirit. Edinburgh: T & T Clark Basden. Volumes I and II. 1994. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press. New York: Harper and Brothers. 1998. Christian Theology. ________ . current ed. Ph. IL: Crossway Books. 1985. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. 1970. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press. Dogmatics in Outline. Diogenes.

. Grudem. Eerdmans Publishing Company. Who Needs Theology? An Invitation to the Study of God. What About Those Who Have Never Heard? Three Views on the Destiny of the Unevangelized. B. 1994. 1990. 1994. Henry. and Authority Vols. Wayne. Franke. Stanley J. Gordon D. Lewis. 1984. 1994. and Max Turner. MaÒana: Christian Theology from a Hispanic Perspective (Nashville: Abingdon Press. and John Sanders. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. Ford. Justo L. 1995. Revelation. Carl F. Grand Rapids: William. Baptist Theology. Michael. 1996. Systematic Theology. 36 . Lindbeck.. Stanley J. Grand Rapids: William B. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press. God. 1996) Green. Nashville: Broadman & Holman. Beyond Foundationalism: Shaping Theology in a Postmodern Context. Theology for the Community of God. Systematic Theology. 1986. The Modern Theologians: An Introduction to Christian Theology in the Twentieth Century. Carl F. eds. James Leo. Ronald H. Stanley & Roger Olson. Between Two Horizons: Spanning New Testament Studies & Systematic Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. 1976) Henry. Garrett. Santa Biblia: The Bible Through Hispanic Eyes (Nashville: Abingdon Press. Integrative Theology. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. George. Nash. Timothy. and John R. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. 1-6 (Waco. Gabriel. The Nature of Doctrine: Religion and Theology in a Postliberal Age. Gonzalez. Grenz. George A. Nashville: Broadman Press. 1996. I Believe in the Holy Spirit. and David Dockery. Vols 1 and 2. and Bruce A. H. The Identity of Jesus of Nazareth. H.. Grenz. 2000) Green. 1990) . TX: Word Books. David F. Gordon R. Joel B. Demarest. Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers. ed. Downers Grove: IVP. Nashville: Broadman Press.Fee. 2001. 1997 Frackre. Grenz. Eerdmans Publishing Company. Godís Empowering Presence: The Holy Spirit in the Letters of Paul. 1992. 2001. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.

Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers. and David S. 1993. A New Systematic Theology of the Christian Faith. 37 . 1984. 2002. and Theology in Baptist Life. James Wm.. 1996. Jürgen. 1994 ñ 2000. A Christian Theology Reader. 2nd ed. The Church in the Power of the Spirit: A Contribution to Messianic Ecclesiology. 1998. F. D... Interpretation. How to Think Theologically. The Resurrection. After Our Likeness: The Church as the Image of the Trinity. 3rd ed. Dockery. Daniel Migliore. McGrath. Wolfhart Pannenberg. Doctrine. Ward. London: Cambridge University Press. 2. 1996. 2001. Clark. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. Jr.. Pinnock. Moule. Jesus and the Victory of God. Moltmann. Christian Theology: An Introduction. 1991. N. Keep in Step with the Spirit.. Grand Rapids: William B. Duke. The Postmodern God: A Theological Reader. Systematic Theology: Ethics. McGrath. Beyond the Impasse?: Scripture. Packer. Witherington III. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Reymond.. 1997. 1996. Faith Seeking Understanding: An Introduction to Christian Theology. and 3. The Origins of Christology.McClendon. Systematic Theology. Robinson. J. Stone. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. Howard W. Volume I. Grand Rapids: Fleming H. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. I.. Eerdmans Publishing Company. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press. Inc.. James B. and James O. 1998. Volf. Graham. Wright. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press. Alister E. The Jesus Quest. Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers. Flame of Love: A Theology of the Holy Spirit. eds. Volume II. Volume III.. C. 2003. Volumes 1. and Witness. ed. 1995. Oxford: Blackwell. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. Alister E. Nashville: Abingdon Press. Ben. 1992. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. Nashville: Broadman Press. Inc. Robert L. Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers. Miroslav. Revell. T. 1977.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful