Melbourne Grammar School Year 7 Creating a Heat Island Map in Google Maps

Map Creation
1. Sign up to Google Maps and create a Google account (you should do this at least one week prior to the activity). You will need to create an account with Google to be able to create and save your maps. If you have a Gmail account this will also give you access to Google Maps and the other Google applications. If not, go to http://www.google.com.au/maps and look for the ‘Sign in’ button in the top-right corner.

Click here and look for ‘Create an account now’, enter your details and you will be sent an email to activate your account. Once your account is activated you can move on to the next step. 2. Go to Google Maps. http://www.google.com.au/maps

Once you are here (sign in if you have not already) and your teacher will take you through the basic functions of using Google Maps, including navigating around the map and changing the underlying basemap. 3. You will need to create an account with Google to be able to create and save your maps. If you have a Gmail account this will also give you access to Google Maps and the other Google applications. If not, go to http://www.google.com.au/maps and look for the ‘Sign in’ button in the top-right corner.

Click here and look for ‘Create an account now’, enter your details and you will be sent an email to activate your account. Once your account is activated you can move on to the next step. 4. Go to Google Maps. http://www.google.com.au/maps

Once you are here (sign in if you have not already) and your teacher will take you through the basic functions of using Google Maps, including navigating around the map and changing the underlying basemap. 5. Click on ‘My maps’ and click on ‘Create new map’ (or ‘Get started’ if this is the first time you have used the application).

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When you create a new map you are automatically taken to the Edit mode, here you can add content to your map, which you will do soon. You will now need to enter some details about your map in the left-hand part of your screen. Call your new map ‘South Yarra Heat Island’ and change your privacy setting to ‘Unlisted’.

6. You will notice the edit tools that are now available in your map, this tells you that you are in the edit mode. You will add placemarks for each survey point next.

7. Use the image over the page as a guide to the locations of the survey points. The ‘Add placemark’ tool, below, will let you place a placemark at each survey location (don’t drag the placemark tool).

Place a placemark on each of the 15 survey locations. 8. Go to your table of data (see appendix one) and enter the field data into the first placemark. Put the temperature and humidity readings into the title area as in the image below.

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9. You will now change the icon to show the humidity. To get your new icons, open the website below in a new tab. http://code.google.com/p/google-maps-icons/wiki/NumericIcons Scroll down until you find a colour scheme (from 0-100) that will be visible on your map. Find the icon you wish to use and right-click on the icon and select properties. In this example our humidity reading is 35%, so we have right-clicked on the red 35 icon.

Now highlight and copy the URL, as above and go back to your Google Map. Keep this website open in a separate tab. 10. Click on the icon image in your placemark (make sure you are in edit mode), click on ‘Add an icon’ and paste the URL into the box that pops up. Hit Ok and hit Ok again to update the icon for that placemark. See the images below for a guide.

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11. Do this for all 15 locations on your map. 12. You will now create isolines showing humidity variations across your map. You will need to interpolate the position/course of each isoline using the data points you have plotted as a guide. 13. Use the ‘’Draw a line’ tool to create each line. You need to click your mouse along the line where it changes direction and click on the last point to complete drawing the line.

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14. Once your isotherms have been drawn you should change the colour to indicate the humidity range. Use the colour scheme in the table below. Changing the colour of your line is the same as changing your symbol on a placemark (see step 10). Humidity (%) Colour

To change the colour, click on the line symbol that you have drawn and click on the symbol itself in the top-right corner of the box.

As in the image below, select the apporpriate colour for your isoline (see table from step14) and change the opacity to 100% (this means that your line is not see-through at all).

15. Do this for all of the isolines on your map to complete your heat island map of South Yarra.

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Data Analysis

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Appendix One

Site Number

Temperature (oC)

Relative Humidity (%)

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7

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10

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12

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15

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