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Design Problem 3: Wien Bridge Oscillator

Abstract Design and implementation of a Wien Bridge oscillator with frequency at 36.75 kHz. [1] INTRODUCTION A Wien bridge oscillator is a kind of electronic oscillator that produces sine waves and can create a large range of frequencies. In 1891, Max Wien originally developed the concept of this circuit based on an electrical network. The bridge comprised four resistors and two capacitors, but Wien did not have a means of developing electronic gain so a workable model could not be realized. This concept was then developed and perfected by William Hewlett in his 1939 Stanford University masters degree thesis. William Hewlett and David Packard founded HewlettPackard whose first product was a precision sine wave oscillator based on the Wien bridge. This was one of the first instruments to produce such low distortion.

Figure : Actual circuit schematic for the Wien bridge oscillator operating at 36.75 kHz. Figure : Actual setup for the Wien bridge oscillator. [3] RESULTS

Figure : Generalized schematic of a Wien bridge oscillator. [2] METHODOLOGY To get the component values for the oscillator, we assume that R1 and R2 are equal, and so are C1 and C2, as seen in Equation 1. Then we get the frequency of oscillation, from Equation 2. R1=R2=R; C1=C2=C (1) f=12RC=36.75kHz (2) At R = 1k, C=12R36.75k=4.33 nF use 0.0047uF standard For a gain of 2, and setting R4=1k, Av=R3R4 R3=R4 x Av=2k

Figure : Simulated output of the Wien bridge oscillator.

Figure : Actual output waveform of the Wien bridge oscillator. [4] REFERENCES [1] Close-Circuit.com. Wien Bridge Oscillator. n.d. <http://www.close-circuit.com/wein-bridgeoscillator.html>.