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May 2011

EuropEs top coMpoundErs

Focus on twin-scrEw ExtrudErs
chinaplas Exhibition prEviEw
taking chargE oF conductivity


cutting-edge compounding Technology
MX and quantec

BUSS Kneader Series

BUSS innovative 4-flight screw technology sets new benchmarks in the economi-
cal processing of temperature and shear sensitive plastics such as PVC and high
grade cable compounds:
> 2.5 times higher throughputs
> Enhanced mixing quality and dispersion
> Energy savings up to 25%
Buss AG

96 eV-10c
Hall 5.1
Stand T75
13394_165_Buss_Ad_Compounding_World_Chinaplas11.indd 1 10.05.11 10:29
Copyright Applied Market Information. No part may be reproduced without the prior written permission of the publisher. May 2011 | coMpounding world
04 Industrynews
The latest compounding industry news from around the world, including bioplastics
investments in italy, plus comais colombian expansion.
08 Newsanalysis:additivesunderattack
we report on the latest pressures being put on phthalate plasticizers by the French
and danish governments, plus the campaign against pBdEs.
11 TrackingEuropestoptechnicalcompounders
A new AMi report examines the changing fortunes of Europes largest technical
compounders. carole Kluth summarises its fndings.
21 Howtotakechargeofconductivity
lilli Sherman reviews a wide range of recent developments in additives for producing
antistatic and conductive plastics compounds.
35 Thelatesttrendsintwin-screwtechnology
Jennifer Markarian examines the latest trends in twin-screw extruder design,
including lines for handling bioplastics and high fller loadings.
45 Chinaplas2011:yourguidetoGuangzhou
The biggest plastics exhibition of 2011 takes place in china this month. we look at the
new machinery and additives developments that will be on show.
51 Newproducts:polymersandadditives
54 CompounderoftheMonth:NilitPlastics
56 Datesforyourdiary
Anti-counterfeiting additives Screw design and protection compounding bioplastics
Click here to make sure you get your copy





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compounding world | may 2011
cereplast to establish italian
bioplastics production unit
uS-based cereplast is to set
up a bioplastics compounding
operation at Assisi in italy to
enable it to tap into the
growing European bioplastics
currently, 85% of our
business is based in Europe.
we believe this new plant will
create effciencies, reduce
transportation costs and
minimise risks in our busi-
ness, said cereplast chair-
man and cEo Frederic Scheer.
According to trade associa-
tion European Bioplastics, the
market for bioplastics in the
European union is expected to
amount to around 1m tonnes
by 2014.
cereplast plans to have a
total European production
capacity of around 100,000
tonnes, which will be achieved
in several stages. A 50,000
tonne frst phase is expected to
be in operation in late 2012,
with the second phase
currently scheduled for 2013.
The company has ear-
marked an investment of
between E10m and E12m for
the project, which will be
fnanced by local and regional
italian institutions. Some
italian state funding will also
be secured.
The plant will be developed
on the site of a former
industrial facility and is
expected to occupy around
12,000 m
. cereplast has not
disclosed what types of
bioplastics resins it will be
making at the facility. its
product line currently includes
compostable bio-based resins
as well as compounds based
on blends of traditional and
renewable polymers.
The investment will make
italy a key player in the
European bioplastics market;
the country is already home to
novamont, which is one of the
pioneers in bioplastics
production with a capacity of
around 80,000 tonnes and sales
of E88m. in January, novamont
best known for its mater-bi
range - said it was planning
signifcant investments in the
uS, which it described as a key
market for bioplastics.
uK-based antimicrobial
additive maker Addmaster
has been awarded a
Queens Award for Enter-
prise in the international
Trade category for develop-
ment of its Biomaster
antimicrobial technology.
Biomaster is a silver-
based additive that can stop
the growth of bacteria on
the surface of plastics. it is
used in medical equipment
and food packaging and
processing equipment.
Addmaster founder and
managing director paul
morris said the award
recognises the great strides
the company has made
since its formation.
gains royal
colombian masterbatch
producer comai is to expand
its masterbatch production
capacity by around 10,000
tonnes/year with the installa-
tion of a new twin-screw
compounding line from
coperion of germany.
The company has placed an
order for a complete com-
pounding line based around a
70 mm ZSK mc
twin- screw
extruder. it is the frst machine
from coperions latest mc

line to be sold into South
America. The comai order also
includes a feeding unit, a ZS-B
side feeder, a SwZ continuous
screenchanger and a ug
underwater pelletizer.
The entire line is confgured
for quick product changeovers,
which was a key factor in the
selection of the mc
according to comai managing
director Antonio Sedan. we
shall achieve a considerably
higher output with the ZSK 70
and also be able to
change over from one product
to another much faster and
with less cleaning time than
hitherto. And we shall be able
to respond more fexibly and
quickly to customer require-
ments and to temporary
demands of the market, said
Founded in 1991 and based
in the mamonal free zone in
comai expands capacity in colombia
cartagena, comai is one of the
leading producers of pp, pE
and pS compounds and
masterbatches in colombia
with a current capacity of
around 24,000 tonnes/year.
masterbatch products include
carbon black, white and
additive types.
The new line for Comai features the frst Coperion ZSK Mc18 to be sold into South America
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2011 Exxon Mobil Corporation. The terms corporation, ExxonMobil, ExxonMobil Chemical, our and its, as used in this
advertisement, sometimes refer not only to ExxonMobil Chemical Company, a division of Exxon Mobil Corporation,
but collectively to all of the companies affliated with Exxon Mobil Corporation or to any one or more of them or their
employees. Photos used in this ad may be representative of potential product applications only.

performance polyolefns


EPDM rubber
Job #: 11EGS005 v# FA
Element : Exxtral Compounding World AD Version A
106mm x 303mm
Trim or Flat:
100mm x 297mm
86mm x 255mm
# of pages
Finished Size:
100mm x 297mm
File Scale:
300 dpi
Copy: Art: Crawford / JWG / CPH
Notes: Resized to match Asian Plastics News ads specs
Bleed on top, bottom and right only.
0.5 pt rule along left side only.
Russian Mining Chemical
Corporation (RMCC) expects to
complete its magnesium
hydroxide production expan-
sion at its plant in the Russian
city of Vyazma next month.
The new plant will enable
the company to step up
capacity for its micron-sized
natural magnesium hydroxide
products, which are used in
fame retardant and smoke
suppressant applications in
PVC and PE compounds.
These materials will be
Russian Mining ups
natural FR capacity
supplied worldwide under the
Ecopiren brandname by
Netherlands-based Van
The product line will
include products with mean
particle sizes of 2.5 and 3.5
microns. Initially, the company
will offer untreated and stearic
acid coated grades. A range of
silane treated products will be
added to the product portfolio
in the future.
The new
capacity is due
on stream next
Colormatrix closes deal
Polymer additives specialist
Colormatrix has completed
its acquisition of US-based
Gayson Silicone Dispersions,
a specialist supplier of
colorants and additives for
use in processing of silicone
rubbers for markets such as
automotive and healthcare.
Gayson is a great asset to
our expanding technology
portfolio, said Colormatrix
CEO John Gelp.
Colormatrix will retain the
Gayson Silicone Dispersions
name and its current
management team.
compounding world | may 2011
Teknor Apex has renamed the
Singapore polymer corpora-
tion business it acquired in
2001 under the Teknor Apex
Asia pacifc name, bringing it
together with chinese sister
company Teknor Apex Suzhou
Advanced polymer com-
combining all of our
operations under the Teknor
The Ami magazines team is
expanding with the appoint-
ment of chris Smith, a highly
experienced plastics industry
journalist and editor.
Smith has a degree in
materials science and worked
in the polymer industry for
several years before moving
into magazine publishing. For
the past 20 years he has been
writing about plastics technol-
ogy including stints as technol-
ogy editor on plastics &
rubber weekly and most
recently as editor of European
plastics news at crain
communications. He also has
extensive experience of
Ami magazines recruits chris Smith
launching, managing and
chairing international plastics
industry conferences.
Andy Beevers, head of
Chris Smith will help with the
continued growth of AMIs
digital magazines
business publishing at Ami,
said: we are delighted to add
chris Smith to our team. He
brings a huge wealth of
industry knowledge and
experience that will help us to
continue with the rapid growth
of our digital magazines
business, as well as contribut-
ing to Amis successful
conference activities and
consulting services.
Ami magazines now boasts
one of the most experienced
and technically qualifed
editorial teams focused on the
global plastics industry.
Smith will take over the
editorship of injection world
magazine from the June issue
and will also be working on a
number of new publishing
compounding world will
continue to be edited by Andy
Beevers who has a degree in
chemical Engineering and
more than 25 years experience
of writing, editing and publish-
ing magazines for the plastics
lou reade will continue to
edit Film and Sheet Extrusion
and pipe and profle Extrusion.
He has a degree in chemistry
and more than 20 years of
technical journalism experience.
Apex brand represents the
culmination of a decade-long
process of integration that has
created one company in fact -
not just in name, said manag-
ing director Stanley l K Tan.
whether our customers
are based in Saudi Arabia,
india, china, or Australia, they
now have the assurance of
dealing with a single organisa-
tion having uniform standards,
product designations, business
practices, and regulatory
approvals, he added.
The new branding is being
launched at the chinaplas
show this month, where
Teknor Apex is also showing
the Sarlink TpV product lines it
acquired last year from dSm.
The former Singapore Polymer Corporation operation has been renamed Teknor Apex Asia Pacifc
Teknor Apex rebrands
its Asian operations
Albemarle, chemtura and
icl-ip, the three members
of the European Bromi-
nated Flame retardant
industry panel (EBFrip),
have decided to merge its
brominated fame retardant
advocacy activities into the
European Flame retardant
Association (EFrA).
EFrA members include
Albemarle, BASF, chem-
tura, icl-ip, pcc rokita,
Sabic and Schill & Seilacher.
The move follows the
establishment in 2009 of a
separate organisation the
phosphorus, inorganic and
nitrogen Flame retardants
Association (pinFA) to
represent the non-
halogenated sector.
into EFrA
CrossPoint Polymer
takes on new plant
Job #: 11EGS005 v# FA2
Element : Exxtral Compounding World AD Version C
106mm x 303mm
Trim or Flat:
100mm x 297mm
86mm x 255mm
# of pages
Finished Size:
100mm x 297mm
File Scale:
300 dpi
Copy: Art: Crawford / JWG /CPH
Notes: Resized to match Asian Plastics News ads specs
Bleed on top, bottom and right only.
0.5 pt rule along left side only.
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performance polyolefns


EPDM rubber
2011 Exxon Mobil Corporation. The terms corporation, ExxonMobil, ExxonMobil Chemical, our and its, as used in this
advertisement, sometimes refer not only to ExxonMobil Chemical Company, a division of Exxon Mobil Corporation,
but collectively to all of the companies affliated with Exxon Mobil Corporation or to any one or more of them or their
employees. Photos used in this ad may be representative of potential product applications only.
Solegear partners
with Ferco to grow
US bio-compounds
Canadian bioplastics company
Solegear Bioplastics has
announced a strategic US
manufacturing partnership for
its Polysole and Traverse
compounds with Californian
company Ferco Compounding.
Ferco Compounding
president Jennifer Thaw said
the company will be support-
ing Solegear in its efforts to
deliver high quality products to
customers from its plant at
Ontario in California.
Solegear said it has also
secured a second un-named
manufacturing partner located
in Georgia, Atlanta, that will
service customers on the
eastern side of the US.
The factory locations on the
East and the West Coast of
North America are intended to
strengthen Solegears
operational capabilities on the
Both manufacturing
partners have over 15 years
experience, are high quality
operators and continue to be
run by their original founders,
said Solegear founder and CEO
Toby Reid.
These new partnerships
will help Solegear to deliver
signifcant annual product
capacity and to scale out our
business with larger volumes,
he said.
Founded in 2006, Vancou-
ver-based Solegear develops,
produces and distributes
bioplastics and biocomposites.
Newly-established US-based
plastics compounder
CrossPoint Polymer Tech-
nologies has secured 10,000
of new factory space in
Evansville in the US where it
will commence production of
a range of performance
plastics compounds based on
recycled resins, according to
reports from the local
TriState media organisation.
The company, which was
set up last year, is moving
into a new development on
the site of the former
Whirlpool manufacturing unit
in Evansville.
Crosspoint Polymer
Technologies president Ben
Schmidt told TriState
reporters that the company
will be taking on at least 20
staff in the frst phase of
development and hopes to
commence small-scale
production next month.
CrossPoint offers colour
matching, compound
development and closed loop
recycling services.
Phthalates put under pressure
The phthalate plasticizers business has
just suffered a double blow in quick
succession. On 3 May, the French National
Assembly unexpectedly voted (by 236 votes
to 222) to adopt a proposal to ban the
manufacture, import, sale or offer of
products containing phthalates, parabens
and alkylphenols, because of their alleged
endocrine-disrupting activity. On the same
day, the Danish Environmental Protection
Agency (MIM) announced plans to
introduce a national ban on the use of four
phthalates in articles used indoors and
those that come into contact with mucus
The French proposal had been opposed
by the Sarkozy government, with a
majority of stakeholders opposing a
blanket ban during the parliamentary
committee stages. However, it went
through with support from the left-wing
opposition and former defence minister
Herv Morins centre-right Nouveau
Centre group. Deputy Yvan Lachaud, who
proposed the law, himself expressed
surprise at the outcome.
According to Maggie Saykali of the
European Council for Plasticisers &
Intermediates (ECPI), 19 deputies from the
right-leaning UMP voted in favour,
thinking that they were voting on amend-
ments rather than on the proposal itself.
She stressed that this is still only a bill.
Before becoming law, it must be put on
the agenda of the Senate, something
which is unlikely to take place before the
summer, although the Senate had earlier
initiated a ban on bisphenol A in babies
The ECPI stated that it regrets the
adoption of this proposed law and is
concerned about a general, unsuitable
ban on these substances, especially
Meanwhile, the chemicals industry
body Union des Industries Chimiques (UIC)
said: The banning of entire families of
substances with different toxicological
profles, different applications and thus
different exposure levels is a scientifc,
technical and regulatory nonsense.
PlasticsEurope, the French plastics
association Fdration de la Plasturgie
and ELIPSO, the French plastic packaging
trade body, noted that the REACH
Authorisation process only applies to
DEHP, BBP and DBP. This proposal, by
contrast, envisages a blanket ban on many
substances that have never been linked
with harmful effects and also goes against
the principles of REACH.
In seeking to replace the existing
European regulations with regard to these
complex substances, the proposed law
creates more problems than it solves, the
three associations said.
It is scientifcally unjustifed, impos-
sible to apply and legally inappropriate.
The industry therefore asks for this
proposal to be abandoned.
The proposed Danish restriction covers
DEHP, BBP, DBP and DIBP and has to be
notifed to the EU so that the EC and other
EU member states can comment. The
ministry has already submitted a proposal
to ECHA to ban the import and sale of
products containing the four phthalates in
the EU.
MIM noted that if this comes into force
it will be the frst time that a ban is based
on the cumulative effect of more than one
phthalate and more than one source. The
population is exposed to phthalates from
different sources during a day, for example
from the indoor environment, from food
and from consumer products. Suitable
alternatives to phthalates are already
available and used in toys and childcare
articles, it said.
Environmental NGOs have responded
warmly. ChemSec used the occasion of the
French vote to update its SIN (Substitute It
Now) List of chemicals that it believes
should be subject to Authorisation under
REACH by including 22 alleged endocrine
disrupters that are commonly found in
toys, food packaging and cosmetics and
which are already classifed as Substances
of Very High Concern under REACH.
All four of the phthalates affected by
the French and Danish initiatives are on
SIN List 2.0, which was formally launched
in Brussels on 6 May, with support from
Boots, IKEA and the investment rating
agency MSCI. DEHP, BBP and DBP are
already to subject Authorisation, while
DIBP is on the Candidate List for possible
l Details of the phthalates facing REACH
Authorisation can be found in our news
report in Compounding World, March 2011.
news analysis | Additives under attack
The French National Assemblys proposal to ban phthalates
has been widely criticised by the plastics industry
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Committed to sustainability and recyclability, we hold a leadership position
in the development of materials that can be recycled to reduce waste and
help our customers to preserve natural resources.
For more information on our complete elastomer and polyolefn portfolio
and support services, visit today.
2011 Exxon Mobil Corporation. The terms corporation, ExxonMobil, ExxonMobil Chemical, our and its, as used in this
advertisement, sometimes refer not only to ExxonMobil Chemical Company, a division of Exxon Mobil Corporation,
but collectively to all of the companies affliated with Exxon Mobil Corporation or to any one or more of them or their
employees. Photos used in this ad may be representative of potential product applications only.

performance polyolefns


EPDM rubber
Job #: 11EGS005 v# FA 2
Element : Exxtral Compounding World AD Version B
106mm x 303mm
Trim or Flat:
100mm x 297mm
86mm x 255mm
# of pages
Finished Size:
100mm x 297mm
File Scale:
300 dpi
Copy: Art: Crawford / JWG /CPH
Notes: Resized to match Asian Plastics News ads specs
Bleed on top, bottom and right only.
0.5 pt rule along left side only.
Environmental groups from
the USA and Africa stepped up
their campaigns against
polybrominated diphenyl ether
(PBDE) fame retardants at
last months 5th Conference of
Parties to the Stockholm
Convention. They focused on
regulations and voluntary
agreements that allow
materials containing the
chemicals to be exported or
recycled into new products.
The UNs African group
unsuccessfully pushed for
developed countries to block
exports of waste, such as old
electrical equipment and
foamed furniture, containing
PBDE fame retardants to
The Stockholm Convention,
which has been signed by 170
governments, calls for global
elimination of the use of PBDEs.
A spokesperson for the US-
based lobby group International
POPs Elimination Network
(IPEN) expressed disappoint-
ment with the response to the
African demands. Delegates
agreed to continue allowing
these toxic fame retardant
wastes to be exported from
developed countries to the
developing world, even though
the expert committee said to
stop it, said Mariann Lloyd-
Smith, IPEN co-chair.
Meanwhile, IPEN has
published the results of a
series of tests on 26 samples of
foamed carpet padding
available in developed countries
around the world showing the
presence of either PentaBDE or
OctaBDE in 23 of them. It said
levels exceeded the EUs
indicative hazardous waste
limits in half of the samples.
IPEN claims that exposure
to PBDEs carries a number of
potential health risks,
including cancer and infertility.
It is pressing to end the
exemption that allows
manufacturers to recycle foam
and plastic containing the
chemicals back in to new
consumer products.
Several US states have
acted to ban PentaBDE and
OctaBDE, and fve states have
also banned the third and most
commonly used PBDE,
DecaBDE, said Kathleen
Curtis, spokesperson for IPEN
member organisation Clean
New York. However, the
majority of these laws exempt
the use of these toxic chemi-
cals in recycled content.
step up campaign
against PBDEs
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RigiD PVC - 33%
A new report from Applied Market Information examines the
changing fortunes of Europes leading technical compounders.
Carole Kluth summarises its key fndings
The full effect of the global recession on the independ-
ent technical compounding industry is documented in a
recent AMI report entitled Corporate performance and
ownership among technical compounders a review of
Europes 50 leading players. It shows that between 2008
and 2009 sector revenue dropped by more than 20%.
The combined production of the Top 50 companies
profled for 2009 was around 1.4 million tonnes, which
is virtually the same as the fgure recorded in AMIs
2006 report, showing that any growth achieved in
subsequent years was wiped out by the recession.
During this 2009 downturn compounders were more
interested in minimising credit risk than seeking to
preserve volumes or gain market share. In general
terms this meant that compounders responded to the
recession by seeking to maintain or grow margins
rather than chasing volume. That the industry did
not endure more pain in terms of bankruptcies
and corporate change is testament to its
success in achieving this. Even so, few
companies made much money during
2009. AMIs analysis reveals an
average proft before tax ratio of
just 2% for 2009 for the 50
groups profled in its report.
AMIs report covers only
independent technical
compounders, which are
defned as not being vertically
integrated into polymer
production. However, the
compounding activities of
companies which have
polymerisation facilities outside
Europe have been included (for
example Nilit) as have those of
companies compounding materials
for which they are not integrated (for
example the LFT activities of Ticona).
Toll compounding volumes carried out on
behalf of the polymer majors have also been
included in AMIs analysis, but the compounding
activities of the polymer companies themselves is not
included, which accounts for a signifcant share of the
market (approximately 60%). May 2011 | CoMpouNDINg worLD 11
European technical compounders | markets feature
Tracking the
top technical
AMI has taken a close
look at Europes 50
largest technical
compounding world | may 2011 12
markets feature | European technical compounders
The independent compounding sector was slightly
less affected by the downturn than the integrated sector
because it had lower exposure to the automotive sector,
which is mainly supplied by the large integrated
compounders. However, the downturn did impact
heavily on toll compound volumes as integrated
producers sought to load in-house assets preferentially.
Some switching to in-house production also impacted
on volumes for the toll compounders.
Industry structure
According to Amis extensive database, there are 155
independent technical compounding sites in Europe.
independent compounders provide medium and small
plastics processors with small lots that are often
custom-made. They also supply a number of niche
applications. The advantages of using independent
compounders services include greater fexibility in
meeting specifc technical requirements, faster
response in colour-matching, and willingness to offer
product development and technical support services as
a package. Some of the independents have grown and
developed to pose strong competition to the powerful
integrated players. in some cases, their supplier
competitiveness has been enhanced by their additional
involvement as polymer distributors.
Another feature of the independent sector is the
provision of toll compounding facilities for the polymer
majors. Some companies choose to specialise in toll
compounding and do not offer any proprietary products,
while others will do a combination of both.
The overall trend in the technical compounding
business in recent years has been a drive to reduce
manufacturing costs and increase plant utilisation. A
key aspect of this has been debottlenecking of existing
assets to improve output. The attributes of a successful
independent producer are rapid response, fexibility and
anticipation of new trends. most companies have been
pursuing strategies to focus on core business areas and
dispose of unproftable areas of their operations.
However, during the downturn there was relatively
little m&A activity in this sector. At the same time there
also appear to have been relatively few casualties in
terms of bankruptcy. Through a combination of short-
time working and cost-cutting, most compounders
managed to ride out the storm. The main changes since
the downturn have been:
l The bankruptcy of the p group in italy, although the
capacity is now being leased by So.F.TEr.
l So.F.TEr also acquired the pp compounding
activities of matrixx in 2008.
l The creation of Almaak international in 2008 out of
the bankrupt J&A plastics.
l The sale of Future Advanced composites Technology
(FAcT) by ravago in december 2009 to Ticona, which
manufactures long-fbre compounds.
l ravago also closed its Ep compounding site in
Belgium during 2010 with production distributed to
other sites in the group.
l Schulman acquiring ico polymers in 2010 which
added rotomoulding and size reduction capabilities into
Schulmans European portfolio.
Ravago remains on top
As a result there has been relatively little change in the
standing of companies involved. The industry continues
to be dominated by the compounding activities of
Ravago, which is a leading toll compounder on behalf of
the polymer majors and is also building a position as a
supplier of proprietary compounds. The business
supplies more than twice as much prime compounds as
the next largest player (polymer chemie) and would be
even more signifcant if its volumes of secondary grade
and recycled polymer compounds were included.
ravago is a prime example of a business successfully
developing a broad range of services for both polymer
producers (as a toll compounder) and plastic processors
(as a merchant compounder) allied with its own
distribution sales network, making it a key player in the
supply chain for polymer in Europe. it looks to avoid
competing with its toll customers by selling its own
compounds only to markets in which they are not active.
As a result of this strategy in december 2009 ravago
divested its activities in long glass fbre reinforced pp

(&&) (&&* (&&+ (&&, (&&- (&&. (&&/ (&'&
The ToTal pRoducTion of Technical compounds in euRope
(includes in-house compounding by polymeR pRoduceRs)
compounding world | may 2011 14
markets feature | European technical compounders
compounds which were encompassed within FAcT. The
company was sold to the celanese corporation which
combined it with its Ticona (celstran) business.
As of the end 2010, ravago manufactured prime
compounds at eight sites in Europe. The total com-
pounding capacity in Europe is in excess of 600,000
tonnes/year. in 2009, the total European output was
estimated at 350,000 tonnes, of which approximately
50% was from prime polymer feedstock rather than
industrial or recycled feedstocks.
The top 10 players
Similar strategies have been followed by many other of
the leading players in the supply of technical com-
pounds although the balance of toll versus distribution
versus proprietary products can vary and with it the
value of the business. The combination of polymers
compounded will also obviously impact on turnover,
although not necessarily on margins.
According to Amis analysis in this report, Albis and
Schulman are the second and third largest businesses
in value terms although on a volume basis they are
rated sixth and seventh. Both produce and distribute a
range of pp and technical engineering polymer
compounds for direct sale to customers in addition to
offering toll compounding services and being involved in
distribution. Both operate mainly out of germany.
Albis, with compounding sites in germany and the
uK, is the main distributor for many leading german
chemical companies, notably BASF, Bayer materialS-
cience, lanxess and lyondellBasell. its three sites have
a combined capacity of 135,000 tonnes.
Schulmans European compounding capacity is rated
at over 300,000 tonnes (including masterbatch). in 2010
it acquired ico polymers, which added rotomoulding
and size reduction capabilities to its European portfolio.
The acquisition will enable Schulman to increase its
presence in countries where it has a relatively small
market share, such as France, italy and the
netherlands, and further expand in the
higher growth regions of central and
Eastern Europe.
The strength of the german
industry means that Polymer
Chemie is rated the second
largest in volume terms,
although in turnover terms it is
much lower because the majority
of its business is based on toll
compounding. The company has
been reorganising itself to separate
out its toll compounding, technical
compounds and pVc compound businesses
which now operate separately. The strategy has been
part of a drive to focus on its core compounding
operations and during 2009 and 2010 it sold its
operations in plastics processing. Technical compounds
are made by its subsidiary Technocompound which
focuses on long-fbre technology (lFT) and has 60,000
tonnes/year of capacity. polyblend with 80,000 tonnes/
year of capacity focuses on the toll production of
polyolefn compounds.
output for many of the companies listed in Amis
report was down compared to the volumes reported in
the 2007 edition of this report, refecting the impact of
the downturn in 2008 and 2009. Those that have shown
growth largely achieved this through investment in new
capacity over this period, or by acquisition. The
company rated number three in volume terms is now
the Hungarian business, Inno-Comp, which established
a new plant in the czech republic in 2008. inno-comp
was spun out of the polyolefns producer TVK in 1999
and the compounding business is actually located on
the pp manufacturing site of TVK. The second plant in
czech republic is similarly closely integrated with
polymer production, being located on the site of the
unipetrol pp plant in litvnov.
Sirmax in italy has also grown thanks to its 2006
investment in a pp compounding plant in the special
economic zone in lodz, poland, which was strategically
placed to serve the appliance and automotive sectors
that were rapidly developing in the region. Sirmax is
rated ffth in volume and fourth in value terms.
Lamplast is another italian based pp compounder
which still managed to achieve some growth over the
period 2006 to 2010 thanks to investments to increase
capacity to 70,000 tonnes/year in 2007 and 2008.
The fourth largest company in Europe by volume is
estimated by Ami to have been Industrie Polieco MPB
which has a production capacity of 80,000 tonnes/year
for polyolefn compounds. mpB is one of the industrial
The ShAre of
MArkeT By
voLuMe In 2009
(reST of
InCLudeS In-
CoMPoundIng By
Source: AMI
divisions belonging to the Polieco group,
which is a major European manufacturer of
PE pipes. MPB produces a range of PE and
PP compounds and grafted adhesives
primarily targeted at steel pipe coating
which accounts for more than 85% of
output. Additionally the company serves a
range of other markets with PE com-
pounds including cable jacketing, non-
pressure pipes and multi-layer packag-
ing. In addition to its site in Cazzago,
Italy, it has a 20,000 tonnes/year plant
which was recently relocated from
Dubai to Saudi Arabia.
The other top 10 companies by volume include
PolyOne and Sumika Polymer Corporation, each with a
different business focus. PolyOnes technical compound
production is mainly based on a range of engineering
polymers manufactured in Germany and Spain. It has a
total capacity of 120,000 tonnes/year for both engineering
and TPE compounds. Sumika, with plants in the UK and
France, is primarily a toll compounder of PP compounds
with a capacity of around 60,000 tonnes/year.
In value terms, however, the top 10 would include
Lati and Nilit, both of which mainly produce compounds
based on polyamide.
While the report focuses on 2009 data, AMI points
out that output, turnover and proftability for all these
companies substantially improved in 2010.
More information
Corporate performance and ownership among
technical compounders a review of Europes 50
largest players is available from AMI for E455. It can be
ordered from the website here or by calling AMI direct
on +44 117 924 9442.
markets feature | European technical compounders

l f


Krntner Montanindustrie (KMI)
is a world leading mining and
processing company dealing with
Micaceous Iron Oxide (MIOX)

KMI uses unique processing
technologies for micronization of
high aspect ratio minerals

KMIs product range includes

Lamellar MIOX
Lamellar Mica
Acicular Wollastonite



Schloss 1
A-9400 Wolfsberg, AUSTRIA
Tel: +43 (4352) 54535-0
Fax: +43 (4352) 54535-35
Krntner Montanindustrie (KMI),
located in Austria, is the market leader
in Micaceous Iron Oxide (MIOX).
KMI, as a specialist in micronization of
high aspect ratio (HAR) minerals,
extended their product portfolio to
mica (muscovite, phlogopite) and

These minerals have a higher aspect
ratio, either platy or acicular, and they
heavily influence the crucial properties
of thermoplastic polymers, such as
stiffness, impact and surface scratch
As a consequence, the cycle time could
be decreased within the injection
molding process, and consequently the
process speed and the throughput
could be increased while mechanical
properties are maintained.
MIOX for Process
Time Reduction
MIOX shows unique properties in
A significant increase of thermal
conductivity is reached already at low
loading levels between 1 and 5 %-wt.
The addition of 3% MIOX Micro in
injection molded PP/PE Copolymer
improves the cycle time from 80 sec to
less than 60 sec.
Injection Molding (e.g. Industrial
Extrusion (e.g. Industrial Pipes)
Pipes with wall thickness of 18 mm;
20% improvement of productivity
(increased material throughput) with
3% MIOX Micro.
Lilli Sherman reviews a wide range
of recent developments in additives
for producing antistatic and
conductive plastics compounds
Demand is growing for antistatic and conductive
additives used in the production of electrically conduc-
tive plastic compounds. The expanding range of applica-
tions includes electronic packaging, touch panels,
automotive parts, industrial components, medical
devices and products used in explosive atmospheres
covered by ATEX regulations.
Carbon black based concentrates and compounds,
which offer an excellent price-performance ratio,
continue to account for a major portion of conductive
plastics applications. This is confrmed by key com-
pounders of specialty conductive compounds, including
RTP, Modern Dispersions, Premix, PolyOne and The
Mix. Specialty conductive blacks that have been
designed to offer an improved balance of properties for
such applications have been developed by a range of
suppliers including Cabot, AkzoNobel and Timcal.
However, carbon blacks are just one option for
producing permanent conductive compounds. Other
choices include conductive fbres and nanomaterials,
such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofbres
(CNFs), or inherently dissipative polymers (IDPs). They
are targeted at a growing range of applications that
require longer term protection and/or lower surface
resistivity, including the protection of sensitive electronic
components from electrostatic dissipation (ESD).
Among the key suppliers of permanent antistats, such
as polymeric IDPs, are Arkema with Pebax, DuPont with
Entira, BASF with Irgastat P, Lubrizol with Electro-Rite
and Stat-Rite, and Sanyo Chemical with Pelestat. Non-
polymeric permanent options are also available, such as
Kenrich Petrochemicals Ken-Stat line of organometal-
lic, transparent and non-blooming additives.
Nano-scale additives are gaining ground fast with
improvements in cost/performance and processability.
Availability is improving with new production capacity
coming on stream. Target applications include electron-
ics packaging, automotive fuel systems, antistatic
transport drums, aerospace components and sporting
goods. Most notable are carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and in
particular the most widely used multiple-wall (MWCNTs)
variety. Key players include Arkema, Bayer MaterialS-
cience, CNano, Nanocyl, Showa Denko KK and Hyperion
for more on developments in CNTs see our special
report in the June 2010 issue of Compounding World,
and look out for an update in our forthcoming July/
August 2011 edition. Carbon nanofbres (CNFs) and
graphene nanofllers are also attracting attention thanks
to the efforts of suppliers such as Pyrograf Products and
How to
take charge
of conductivity May 2011 | COMPOuNDINg WORlD 21
Antistatic and conductive additives | materials feature
compounding world | may 2011 22
materials feature | Antistatic and conductive additives
Vorbeck respectively.
Basker lalgudi, north American market and sales
manager at Arkema, says that demand for conductive
polymer additives is growing by 6-7% in the west. in
Asia, he places the growth rate at more like 10-15% per
year. He notes that in the automotive arena, conductive
plastics are still dominated by carbon blacks versus the
other antistatic or conductive additives options.
Janos Kozma, vice president at specialty compound-
er and thermoplastics masterbatch producer Modern
Dispersions, sees demand for electrically conductive
plastics growing to meet safety standards which include
ATEX and SAEJ1645. He also touts the benefts of
electrically conductive masterbatch, saying that
compared to a fully-formulated electrically-conductive
compound they can provide more fexibility for proces-
sors in terms of cost, physical property adjustments
and choice of letdown resin.
christine Van Bellingen, product manager, carbon
black & graphite for polymers at Timcal Graphite &
Carbon, says there is an increasing demand for
conductive plastics, especially in the feld of electronic
packaging, followed by ATEX applications as well as fuel
systems with pc, polyolefns and nylons taking the lead.
Theres still a long way to go with conductive carbon
blacks in an ever-growing conductive market, with more
people caring about higher productivity and safety
standards, she states.
Sabic Innovative Plastics is seeing a signifcant
increase in demand for ultra-clean compounds in the
semiconductor/hard disk drive (Hdd) market. The
company has introduced what are said to be best-in-
class Stat-Kon and Stat-loy specialty compounds and
continues to further develop grades that reduce the low
particle count (lpc) by 50%.
neil Hardwick, marketing manager for conductive
compounds at RTP says: we are fnding renewed interest
in our high-aspect ratio stainless-steel fbre (SS) com-
pounds as an alternative to ni-coated graphite (ncg) com-
pounds for Emi shielding applications. while we still offer
both products, the recent global shortage of ncg has
made it challenging to obtain raw material in a reasonable
lead time. we are helping customers to realize that the
performance of SS compounds can meet the shielding
performance of ncg without supply limitations. These
two Emi shielding compounds are compared in Table 1.
Carbon capabilities
Timcals Van Bellingen says the company continues to
see interest in both its Ensaco 250g and extra-
conductive Ensaco 350g carbon black grades. The high
cleanliness and easy dispersibility of Ensaco 250g are
claimed to deliver excellent surface smoothness with
retention of good mechanical and fow properties.
Another variant, Ensaco 260g, has been developed to
withstand extreme shear levels sometimes generated
during the compounding or processing step.
Extra-conductive Ensaco 350g is said to provide a
given level of electrical conductivity at about half the
loading of Ensaco 250g. it is primarily used when
electrical conductivity needs to be combined with an
additional property that demands lower additive
loadings. Examples include easy-weldability, for
example in conductive HdpE pipes, or a lower global
density, as required in conductive pp foams.
Van Bellingen notes that extra-conductive blacks are
not only more expensive, but also inherently more
diffcult to disperse than lower surface area blacks like
Ensaco 250g/260g. Tests carried out in pc have shown
that, at equal volume resistivity, the izod impact
strength is still much higher with easy-dispersible
Ensaco 250g (17%) than with Ensaco 350g (8%). This
Key property Stainless steel Ni-coated graphite (NCG)
cost less than ncg more than stainless steel
Fibre loading Typically 0.75% - 1.50% vol.; Typically 6% - 15% wt.
Typically 6% - 12% wt.
physical minimal effect on compound; improved over base resin;
reduced impact strength reduced impact strength
dimensional little effect Some shrinkage due to
stability reinforcement
Fibre ductile rigid
Table 1:
Comparison of
stainless steel
fbre and Ni-
coated graphite
Source: RTP
TIMCAL Ltd. Headquarters
Strada industriale,
CH-6743 Bodio,
Tel. +41 91 873 2010
Fax +41 91 873 2009
Carbon Blacks
Expanded Graphites
TIMREX graphites will bring thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity,
lubrication and anti-wear to polymers in fields like seals, water-meters,
heat-exchangers, protective coatings, primers for electrostatic painting.
ENSACO conductive carbon blacks will bring electrical conductivity
to polymers in fields like electronic packaging, fuel hoses, flooring,
power cables and accessories, conveying and transmission belts.
See us at
uangzhou, PR
ay 17-20, 2011
The advance into a new performance dimension of compounding technology. The new
twin screw extruder of Coperion, formerly Werner & Peiderer, is the most pro-
ductive high performance ZSK of all time. With a specic torque of 18 Nm/cm
it stands for
considerable throughput increases with improved product quality and the widest processing
window on the market to provide you with a unique technology advantage. Thats what
we mean when we say condence through partnership.
!compounding & extrusion !materials handling !service
1242CEZSKMc18en210x148.indd 1 29.04.2011 11:47:00
clearly highlights the importance of having a good in-
bulk dispersion, and the fact that working with the
lowest additive level is not necessarily giving the best
overall performance versus higher loadings of easy-
dispersible black. The in-bulk dispersion of an additive
will orient the fnal mechanical properties of a formula-
tion, whatever the loading of the additive.
The enhanced dispersion achieved with Ensaco 250G
can be attributed to its unusual combination of high
structure and low surface area. The low surface area also
ensures a very low water content and up-take (max 0.3%
water content, in a saturated atmosphere) which is
crucial for mixing with water-sensitive polymers and
avoids any drying step for the carbon black. The low
surface area also helps to reduce the viscosity increase
that is brought about by the high structure. At equal
volume resistivity, a compound flled with a lower surface
area carbon black will have a higher MFI than a com-
pound flled with a higher surface area black, even though
the percentages of carbon blacks might be different.
Georg H. Luh has introduced dust-free graphite.
This is a real innovation in this market and it provides
signifcant processing and handling advantages to
plastics compounders, says managing director Klaus
Rathberger. The company offers a wide range of natural
graphite products which it says have excellent perform-
ance in plastics. In addition to the electrical conductivity
effect of widely used carbon black additives, graphite
also shows a thermal conductivity of up to 470 W/m*K
which supports development of novel polymer materials
with unique properties, explains Rathberger. Applica-
tions range from conductive coatings to highly-flled
polymers for use in bipolar plates of fuel cells. Dust-
free graphite grades and graphite masterbatches
facilitate introduction into polymer materials.
Modern Dispersions recently introduced a range of
conductive masterbatches that incorporate high
loadings of high-structure conductive carbon black in a
range of carrier resins. MB-700 is formulated for use in
PE, PP and PS, while MB-745 and MB-720 are designed
for other styrenic and engineering resins. These
products can be blended with the bulk resin or sepa-
rately fed into the compounding, extrusion or moulding
process. Typical usage levels range from 25-50%
masterbatch while dispersion is claimed to be excellent.
Nano news
Vorbeck Materials is working with a selection of resin
suppliers and end users to develop commercial
A number of innovative developments
Use the QR-Code reader
of your smartphone to
learn more!
Our common claim:
Convincing technology
with outstanding
210-11N01_210x99_Compounding World.indd 1 28.04.11 09:41
Antistatic and conductive additives | materials feature
Georg H. Luh
says that its
processing and
compounding world | may 2011 26
materials feature | Antistatic and conductive additives
applications of its proprietary Vor-x graphene nanofll-
ers, which were developed at the university of princ-
eton. For example, last year it announced an on-going
joint development effort with BASF.
company president John lettow says it has been
working on the development of compounded formula-
tions based on the most widely used engineering
plastics as well as polyolefns for electrical and
thermally conductive applications. we have applications
now under development in several major areas including
consumer packaging, industrial, automotive, aerospace
and medical, he explains, indicating that commercial
applications will be realised in the near future.
Pyrograf Products, an affliate of Applied Sciences,
continues to improve on its pyrograf-iii highly-graphitic,
carbon nanofbre (cnF), which boasts properties that
approach the theoretical values of graphite in nearly
every performance characteristic. This highly pure
product with over 99.9% fbrous material and very low
metal concentrations, has been commercially used to
improve the electrical, thermal and mechanical
properties of a wide variety of plastics, ranging from pp
to engineering resins and thermosets.
The company claims that the electrical conductivity
of polymers enhanced with cnF has been shown to be
12 orders of magnitude greater than that achieved with
SwnTs (single-wall nanotubes). Technical director
carla lake reveals that they have developed the
capability for in-house custom compounding, in addition
to selling cnFs to large compounders. we can do
batches from 1 to 50 lbs and we are doing a lot of work
with pEEK, pp and nylon particularly for medical
applications, she says.
The company has also developed a unique method
that enables the quantitative determination of how good
the dispersion of cnFs and or cnTs is within the
polymer. good dispersion has been a big issue.
dispersion is the combat zone for extracting the
benefts of nanomaterials in engineering resins, says
lake. with the newly-developed measurement method,
the company can quantitatively see how key properties
are affected based on the effcacy of the dispersion. it
anticipates that the new methodology will be adopted by
the reinforced compounding business.
one of the newest grades is pyrograf pr-25, a larger
tube with a large hollow core that has no disorder
(thermostatic carbon) on the outside. it is just the catalytic
core graphitic stacked cup or herringbone structure. its
beneft is that the outside can be very reactive, plus
material can be introduced into the core. it is being
investigated for self-healing dental fller applications.
Typical markets for these cnF composites include
industrial applications such as silicon wafer production,
batteries and fuel cells and disk-drive components. They
are also targeted at automotive applications, such as fuel
systems, mirror housings, interior parts, bumpers and
Unidym and
have linked up
to grow the
market for
HiPco carbon
ModerN dIsPersIoNs MB-700 MasterBatcH Is forMUlated for Use IN Pe, PP aNd Ps
Masterbatch loading (%)
10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%


Surface Resistivity (ohms/sq in) vs Masterbatch Loading in PE
- Lccaticn and Ccntact detaiIs - PcIymers Prccessed -
- Prcducts Hanufactured & 5ervices 0ffered -
- Harkets 5erved - Hacbinery 0perated -

Guia AMI de
AMI's Guide to The Injection Moulding Industry in Spain and Portugal HGLWLRQ

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For product and technical information,
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Unidym supplies CNTs and is also using them in
transparent, conductive flms for the electronics
industry. It has entered into a couple of interesting
ventures. Late last year, it formed a partnership with
NanoIntegris already supplies high-purity single-
walled CNTs as well as solution phase graphene nano-
platelets. It plans to further improve the purity levels of
HiPco CNTs and create new electronically sorted HiPco
Unidym has also entered into an alliance agreement
with Samsung Electronics that includes the licensing of
its CNT technology to the Korean company. The deal
covers fundamental patents on CNT composition of
matter, synthesis, processing, ink formulations and
transparent conductive flms. Samsung has granted
back to Unidym licenses to sell products under the
transferred patent rights and the two companies will
work together to develop and commercialize CNT-
based products.
Last year, Unidym showcased touch-sensitive MP-4
players featuring its transparent conductive flms at the
China Electronics Fair. With more touch panels being
Unidym is
targeting its
flms at the fast
market for
touch screens
fenders, plus aerospace components such as braking
systems, thermal management and EMI/RFI shielding.
RTP is continuing to expand its CNT compound
product line and manufacturing capacity. We are
fnding more and more applications where the unique
combination of electrical dissipation, low contamination
and high strength can solve customer application
challenges, says Hardwick.
materials feature | Antistatic and conductive additives
Van Mannekus & Co bv.
Nieuwe Waterwegstraat 45
3115 HESchiedam
P.O. Box 230 3100AE SchiedamNetherlands
Tel: +31-(0)10-4091500
Fax: +31-(0)10-4730880
PurMag: 170 & 140
The Synthetic Magnesium Oxide Purmag range comes in various
activities (ssa 140 - 170). Purmag acts as an acid scavenger, curing
agent or stabilizer in rubber compounds.
GM 98 LF / AK 98
GM 98 LF and AK 98 very white, natural magnesium oxides, with
exceptional low iron content (0,04%).
Ecopiren 3.5 & 1.5 MDH
Ecopiren is a Natural Based Brucite suitable as Flame Retardant in
PVC, PP and PE compounds. The Ecopiren is available as 3.5 and
1.5 microns as average particle size and both coated and
Van Mannekus & Co BV
is jointly owned by :
Possehl Erzkontor GmbH &
Grecian Magnesite S.A.
anocyl provides easy-to-use
carbon nanotube powder and
masterbatches for ESD and conductive
plastics. Our carbon nanotube solutions
exhibit easier processing conditions,
better surface quality and retention
of the intrinsic mechanical properties.
Our products meet the most stringent
requirements of the automotive and
the electronics industries such as
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Such a versatile technology provides
also a direct cost advantage !
Call our global technical support
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Antistatic and conductive additives | materials feature
made in China than anywhere else in the world, China
represents one of the largest markets for our transparent
conductive flms, says Mark Tilley, Unidyms president
and CEO. In its partnership with various customers,
Unidym has demonstrated that its flms can be substan-
tially more robust than traditional conductive flms based
on indium tin oxide (ITO). Also, because the flms can be
printed through a solution-based roll-to-roll manufactur-
ing process, they can be produced at a substantially lower
cost than vacuum deposited ITO flms.
Unidym also began a joint venture early last year
with South Koreas Wisepower to market and co-
develop its proprietary flm and electronic ink products
for the Korean touch panel and display industries.
Inherent advantages
Arkemas Pebax high-performance antistatic agents
are based on PEBA (polyether-ester block amide)
copolymer TPE. They have been in successful commer-
cial use for nearly two decades as permanent antistat-
ic agent for a variety of thermoplastics, says Lalgudi.
This non-plasticized resin is used as a moulding and
extrusion material in its own right. It has been shown to
exhibit intrinsic static-dissipative characteristics when
blended at 5% to 30% levels with ABS, ABS/PC,
PS,HIPS,PBT, acetal, PVC, PET, PETG or polyolefns.
The company has recently introduced two new Pebax
grades: MV2080, which is similar to the earlier MV1074,
while new MH2030 is similar to MH1657. Both are based
on a proprietary technology that is said to improve
compatibility with the host polymer: MV2080 is designed
for polyolefns, PS, ABS, PC, PVC, PET and PBT;
MH2030 is aimed at engineering resins such as nylon,
polyacetal and PPS.
In the past with Pebax, we have focused on conduc-
tive/antistatic range plastics applications (10
ohms per
sq) for primarily polyolefns, ABS and PC. Three key
applications have included: intermediate bulk containers
that hold plastic resins and are designed to reduce the
static build-up of the pellets; the plastic moving parts of
printers; and artifcial grass, explains Lalgudi.
With the new Pebax grades 2080 and 2030, the
company is going after the mid-range static dissipative
market (from 10
ohms per sq), which requires higher
conductivity levels, and one of the key areas it is
targeting is packaging of electronic devices such as
iPods and iPads.
The highest conductive category consists of plastics
that have surface resistivity of 10
Ohm/ sq ft or less.
These conductivities are achieved with steel fbres,
carbon blacks and carbon nanotubes (CNTs); the latter
is claimed to reduce surface resistivity to as low as 10
ohms per sq. These are the conductivities required
for plastics used in aerospace and military applications
as well as housings of medical devices where superior
conductivity coupled with excellent mechanical proper-
ties are often required, explains Lalgudi.
He does note that the new Pebax grades are
competitive with Lubrizols products. These grades are
20-25% higher in price than the standard Pebax grades.
He says the companys Pebax grades are offered in
Sabics new Stat-Loy
transparent antistatic
compounds improve
the dosing accuracy
of inhalers
Superior Graphite Europe Ltd
Box 13000
S-85013 Sundsvall Sweden
Tel: +46 60 14 41 18
Fax: +46 60 13 41 28
North & South America
Superior Graphite Company
10th South Riverside Plaza, Suite 1470
Chicago, Illinois, 60606, USA
Tel: +1 312 559 2999
Fax: +1 312 559 9064
Fighting friction and winning the war against wear
compounding world | may 2011 32
materials feature | Antistatic and conductive additives
Sabics new
Geloy PC/ASA
repels dust to
maintain clean
car interior
both nylons 11 and 12 from 25 shore d up to 72 shore d;
the harder products are the ones that have more pA 11
and therefore higher bio-based content. Arkema pA 11
pebax grades are offered with the soft segment
(polyether ether) attached in the reactor using castor
oils as a raw material. we have such pebax grades
offered at up to 99% bio-based content. This is not the
case with pebax based on nylon 12, which are all fossil-
based materials, explains lalgudi.
Compound growth
Premix of Finland is a leading producer of conductive
compounds. it recently picked up a plastics innovation
award for its work on the SparkSafe grounding pliers
which are made with its pre-Elec pp 1399 conductive
polypropylene grade for injection moulding applications.
The compound was used to replace aluminium and was
selected because it dissipates static electricity in a
controlled manner, reducing the risk of sparks, plus it
will not give off mechanical sparks if dropped on a hard
surface. other advantages over the metal pliers are
their ergonomic design, lighter weight, more comfort-
able handling in cold weather and corrosion resistance.
Sabic has introduced a new version of its lnp
Faradex electromagnetic interference (Emi) shielding
compound that also offers colourability. The company
says that some conductive compounds have colouring
limitations as they are carbon-flled, but Faradex
specialty grades can overcome this issue.
The company is also reporting new applications for
its ultra-pure Stat-loy compounds that were launched
in 2008 and initially geared to the semiconductor
industry, for example wafer protection devices.
Emerging markets for the material include the medical
device arena. Stat-loy compounds are available in three
transparent resin systems: ABS, pmmA and Xylex pc/
pBT alloy. They are also available in opaque resins such
as pA 6, pBT, pom and pp, enabling manufacturers to
combine opaque and clear components for design or
functional purposes.
Three transparent grades were commercially
launched last year and are said to represent a new
breakthrough for inhalation devices. They provide
permanent antistatic properties without the need for
expensive secondary operations. These properties help
ensure repeatability of dosing and potentially lower
drug costs through more effcient aerosol and powder
dispensing. They are pre-assessed for biocompatibility
according to iSo 10993.
The latest conductive compound from Sabic was
launched last month and has been specifcally designed
to create and maintain high-quality, attractive automo-
tive interior components. The geloy HrA170d pc/ASA
resin provides permanent antistatic performance for a
fresh, clean appearance of interior parts. compared to
conventional materials that tend to attract dust, the new
compound repels dust. instead of using a slip agent, the
Sabic product uses an additive to ensure anti-dust
performance with a surface resistivity of 10
Since colour pigment loading can have a big infuence
on antistatic properties, Sabic is offering this compound
in a wide range of colours. Target applications include
trims, interior mirror housings and overhead consoles.
Click on the links for more information:
For more information or technical support:
ph: 800-910-5592
Reinforcement Technologies
Nucleation Technologies
yourproductsand help the earth.


2 0 1 1
Integrating Colour and Design
Sabine Prack Conference Coordinator Ph: +44 117 924 9442 Fax: +44(0)117 311 1534
7-9 June 2011
The Imperial Riding School Vienna,
a Renaissance Hotel, Vienna, Austria
Also sponsored by: Organised by:
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Media sponsor:
HEADLINE SPONSOR May 2011 | coMpounding world 35
Twin-screw extruders | machinery feature
Jennifer Markarian reviews recent developments in twin-screw
extruders, including high-torque, high-volume designs,
plus specialised lines for handling bioplastics, high
fller loadings and high moisture contents
Twin-screw extruders (TSEs), with their versatile design
and mixing capabilities, can meet the needs of a broad
range of compounding applications that require
effciency and high quality. in colour and additive
masterbatches and in custom compounds, equipment
suppliers continue to see demand for smaller machines
with quick-changeover features that help compounders
to be fexible and make shorter runs more effciently.
Medium- to large-size extruders are still in demand for
other market segments, such as glass- or mineral-
flled compounds and reactive extrusion, notes Alberto
lorioli, export manager at Comac. Extruders with high-
volume, high-torque, and both high-volume and high-
torque are now available from more suppliers to meet
various market needs.
industry experts continue to see increased develop-
ment and commercial compounding of recycled, bio-
based, and biodegradable polymers as well as the use
of increasingly high fller levels. These bring not only
feeding and dispersion challenges, but an increasing
need for removing volatiles from the mixing section of
the extruder.
The latest trends
in twin-screw technology
High-torque and high-volume
High-torque machines are designed to increase
throughput. one new development introduced at K2010
is Coperions ZSK Mc
, which can obtain specifc torque
up to a record 18 nm/cm
. The new series retains the
outer to inner diameter ratio (od/id) of 1.55 used in the
ZSK Megacompounder plus, and is available in screw
diameters ranging from 32 to 119 mm. it has a rede-
signed gearbox and uses new, high-performance
materials for the screw shafts that ensure full trans-
mission of the torque from the drive unit to the screw
elements, explains Frank lechner, head of process
technology at coperion. He reports that the ZSK Mc
features a 30% increase in specifc torque, increases
throughput by up to 30%, and at the same time due to
the higher degree of fll improves the quality of the
lechner explains that processing fexibility is
important, especially for the masterbatch market. we
can process shear-sensitive products like foaming
agent masterbatches using a high degree of fll. or,
less-shear-sensitive products can be processed with
claims its ZSK
breaking levels
of torque
compounding world | may 2011 36
machinery feature | Twin-screw extruders
maximum screw speeds and high throughput rates.
And, if needed, we can achieve high shearing using a
low degree of fll.
coperions ZSK mc
features a new easy cleaning
design and improved energy effciency. lechner adds:
we optimized the cooling system and improved the
insulated barrel cover all around the process section.
we also improved heat transfer of the wear protection
liners. conventional liners, when pushed only into the
main screw barrel body, suffer from a small insulation
gap. coperion now provides a shrink-ft liner system
without this insulation gap.
Leistritz of germany pioneered the combination of
high-torque and high-volume with the introduction of the
ZSE maxx extruder in 2006. The ZSE maxx has an od/id
of 1.66 and torque of up to 15 nm/cm
, the combination
of which is enabled by the companys patented, asym-
metrical splined shaft. Since then, the company has been
identifying where this new technology is most benefcial.
For example, the maxx offers benefts for foam concen-
trates and heat- and shear-sensitive polymers like
bioplastics and pET, as well as for high fller levels that
are both torque- and volume-limited, notes charlie
martin, president of the American operations of leistritz.
leistritzs ZSE maxx extruder has been updated with
a platform design that streamlines the assembly of
machines to meet specifc customer
requirements. All electrical control
components are now contained in a
single cabinet, and the control panel
can be positioned on any side of the
machine, improving ease of use
and maintenance for the operator.
leistritz also introduced a new
sleeve coupling that facilitates
quick screw exchange without
additional tools.
other suppliers are now offering high-volume, twin-
screw extruders paired with high torque. Steer
Engineering of india introduced its omega H extruder
line just over two years ago as an evolution from its
standard, high-volume omega extruder series. Both
lines have an od/id of 1.71, but the omega H achieves
torque of 15-17 nm/cm
. mike millsaps, director of
sales at Steer America, notes that with this high-torque,
multiple feeders can be used to keep up with output.
For example, Steer recently achieved 1,900 lb/hr (900
kg/h) throughput on an omega 40H using three side-
feeders. The omega H also features a downstream
vacuum vent-stuffer. The vacuum vent stuffer is ideal
for anyone experiencing venting problems. it does a
good job of preventing material from coming out of
vents when running at high rates, explains millsap.
Comac introduced its XT (eXtra-Torque) co-rotating
extruder, which can obtain torque of 15 nm/cm
, early
in 2011. comac now offers co-rotating extruders in both
standard (od/id ~ 1.5) and high-volume (od/id ~ 1.65)
and in both High-Torque and eXtra-Torque versions.
lorioli explains: XT machines are in demand for
formulations that require low screw-speed operation in
order to protect thermo-sensitive materials. in these
cases, a given extruder size can often reach the desired,
economical output rate only at very high torque levels
exceeding HT capabilities. Sectors such as fame-
retardant additives and many colour masterbatches can
beneft from low-speed, high-volume production. He
adds: This does not mean that standard torque and
volume extruders are not requested anymore. we
recommend these machines in all applications where
dispersion is critical, such as colour masterbatches
with diffcult organic pigments or compounds with
nano-fllers, for example.
comac also announced a new barrel module concept
at K2010, which it is gradually extending to all its models.
The new barrel modules and sleeves can be disassem-
bled and reassembled without special tools and with
reduced handling of heavy parts. The barrel confguration
is also more convenient to change. The modules are
intrinsically easy to align during reassembly, and have
Leistritz was
one of the frst
to combine
and high
volumes with
its ZSE Maxx
Steer says
that its high-
torque Omega
H ftted with
side feeders
can deliver
very high
CPM Extrusion Group - Leading global supplier of
compounding systems and supporting services
The APEX series from CPM was designed by Ruiya
and Century engineers to achieve the top level of
performance, quality and reliability of any machine
built in China. The APEX series uses critical
components from the USA and Europe to achieve
high torque and high output.
Advanced design for high output processing
Advanced design for reliability
Designed to meet global standards
Tel: 86-25-52768699 86-13501505830
Tel: 001-231-947-6400
17-20.5.2011 China Pazhou Comple
Welcome to Ruiya Booth
Hall 1.1 booth J61
Polypropylene/talc compounds in
thermoforming improve food packaging:
> better acid resistance than
calcium carbonate
> meets migration requirements
of EN 1186-5
> effective oxygen barrier
for longer shelf life
> higher stiffness allows lower
wall thickness
compounding world | may 2011 38
machinery feature | Twin-screw extruders
been optimized to tightly couple. comac offers an
economical set of spare parts for the whole barrel.
Temperature probes positioned very close to the inner
surface provide more accurate temperature regulation.
in other news, extruder manufacturer Feddem made
its debut at K2010, and introduced its new, standard
torque and volume FEd-mT twin-screw extruder. The
extruder has an od/id of 1.55, specifc torque of 11 nm/
and is available in screw diameters from 37-94 mm.
The company was formed when the Feddersen group
acquired decroupet in September 2009. Based in Sinzig,
decroupet has manufactured extruders for 25 years and
all of its employees have transferred to Feddem. The
Feddersen group also includes Akro-plastic which
produces technical compounds in germany and china
and uses extruders produced by decroupet.
KraussMaffei Berstorff has also been busy developing
its new ZE 30 uTX twin-screw extruder that will makes its
world debut at the chinaplas exhibition in guangzhou
later this month. For full details on this new machine, see
our chinaplas preview which follows this article.
Bringing bio-benefts
compounding of biodegradable materials is becoming
more prevalent, particularly in Europe, which has an
extensive composting infrastructure. The technology to
compound these materials is well established. Thermo-
plastic starch (TpS) has been produced using TSEs
since the materials development almost 20 years ago,
notes Adam dreiblatt, director of process technology for
Century Extrusion. He says that technology like vent
stuffers to vent moisture, screw element designs to feed
low bulk density starch raw materials, and pelletizing
systems like die-face or air-cooled strand pelletizing
were initially borrowed from the twin-screw extrusion of
snacks and cereals.
Todays high-torque extruders, like centurys cX
model, are helpful for extruding thermally-sensitive
biopolymers like TpS and plA, adds dreiblatt. com-
pared to standard-torque extruders, high-torque
extruders can maintain equivalent output at lower
screw speeds, minimizing melt temperature.
The frst compounding plant for biodegradable
plastics in portugal recently started up using Coperi-
ons ZSK extruders (we covered the installation at
cabopol in our October 2010 issue). Being able to
defne the length and the screw confguration of the
process section is key because of the variety of possible
base polymers and the great differences in the formula-
tion mixtures for biodegradable products, states
coperions lechner.
Experts comment that while biodegradable resins
are being targeted for non-durable products like bags,
food packaging, and agricultural flms, non-biodegrad-
able but bio-based resins are being targeted more for
durable goods. Equipment supplier Henschel is involved
in research in this area. last year it began a three-year
project with the german ministry of Agriculture to
investigate compounding bio-sourced pA with
natural fllers. The target is to produce a 100%
bio-based injection moulding compound with
comparable mechanical properties to a
compound based on pA6 containing 30% glass
fbres. Henschel produced the test compounds,
which were formulated by the Fraunhofer institute of
Angewandte polymerforschung in potsdam, and are
Feddem is a
new name in
the market,
taking over the
technology and
production of
Berstorffs ZE
features 6D
barrel sections
to help handle
natural fbres
and bioplastics
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WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES 2011 will be the most important international meeting for the wood-plastic composites industry
this year and will follow on from the success of previous wood-plastic composites events which regularly attract key global
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Sponsorship and exhibition places are also now available. If you would like further information about this important event
please contact Maud Lassara: +44 (0)117 924 9442 email:
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Also sponsored by:
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compounding world | may 2011 40
machinery feature | Twin-screw extruders
now being tested at the university of Kassel. Henschel
also plans to run lab trials of the material on its
commercial-scale 55 mm compounder.
compounding of bio-based polymers like plA
continues to be a development area. Twin-screw extrud-
ers are being used in compounding pellets as well as in
direct extrusion for applications like themoformable
packaging sheets, notes comacs lorioli.
KraussMaffei Berstorff offers a ZE 60 uTX TSE with
a processing section that has been optimized for
processing natural fbre reinforcements and bioplastics.
The 6d length barrel sections provide large top
openings for feeding low bulk-density materials and for
effcient degassing of high moisture contents. The
machines also feature a side vent stuffer and an
injection disc ftted between barrel sections to allow the
addition of liquids in the production of biopolymers.
increasing amounts of recycled plastics are being
used in many application areas, bringing the challenge
of making consistent products out of inconsistent
feedstreams. compounders of recycled polymers are
beginning to call more on twin-screw extruders, says
lorioli, who notes, co-rotating TSEs are being used
because of their superior degassing abilities and good
blending capability, which is helpful with a mixed
feedstream that can have a wide range of resins. He
notes that one growing market, for example, is
compounding pE/pp printed flm scrap into pellets,
which requires good degassing to remove the high
volatiles from inks.
PET projects
Another growing market area is the dryerless extrusion
of recycled pET, including both pre- and post-consumer
material. Leistritz has been running development
programs for this application, and uses multi-stage
vacuum venting on the ZSE maxx to minimize hydrolysis
during extrusion.
Comacs co-rotating extruders have been used for
dryerless pET extrusion since 2003, primarily with
extruders integrated into sheet extrusion or fbre lines.
more recently, the company has seen an interest in
compounding pET scrap into regenerated, higher
intrinsic viscosity (iV) pellets that can be used in higher-
value applications like food and beverage containers.
comac is currently developing patent-pending equip-
ment for eliminating iV drop in the extruder without
material pre-drying and without using chain-extending
additives. Today, comacs system can obtain no iV drop
with in-line drying (to moisture levels less than 50 ppm),
about a 5% iV drop with moderate pre-drying (moisture
levels less than 500 ppm), or an iV drop of less than 10%
with no pre-drying (moisture levels less than 5,000
ppm), says lorioli.
processors continue to put higher and higher fller
levels into compounds, presenting equipment manufac-
turers with the task of dispersing even more challeng-
ing mixtures. glass-fbre-flled polyamides, for
example, have increased from 50% maximum fbres to
60% today. in the past a highly-flled polyolefn might
have 70% fller, but today these compounds can have up
to 85%, comments markus Brunkau, general manager
of the compounding division for Henschel Mixing
Technology at Zeppelin Reimelt. For such high fller
levels, he recommends a process length of 48 l/d and
screw speeds that are moderate enough to ensure
proper mixing and homogenising.
John Effmann, director of sales and marketing at
Entek, adds, in addition to higher fller levels, we have
customers asking us to look at all different kinds of
fllers. we look at different screw confgurations in
order to fnd the best way to disperse these materials.
Removing moisture
increasing numbers of compounding
applications are generating high levels of
volatile or moisture content, for example
from high fller loadings, natural fbres,
bio-based plastic formulations or un-dried
pET. This can be a challenge to remove from
Comacs twin-
screw lines are
used for
recycled PET
into sheet, fbre
or pellets
Henschel lines
are being used
for higher fller
loadings: this
RHC 75 model
features three
side feeders
Maguire Headquarters:
11 Crozerville Road, Aston, PA 19014
Tel: 610-459-4300, 888-459-2412
Fax: 610-459-2700
Maguire Europe: Tel: +44 1827 265 850
Fax: +44 1827 265 855
Maguire Asia: Tel: +65 6848 7117
Fax: +65 6744 3370
When Steve Maguire popularized the gravimetric batch blender
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Steve Maguire remembers his days as a processor and the
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logic as the gateway to process control in the future. Accuracy,
precise dosing, economy of materials never go out of fashion.
And little things count, especially as resin costs rise.
With nearly 150 patents in the U.S. and internationally, Maguire
is committed to developing unique products and systems in blending
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So the big story is really about combining productivity with
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Maguires largest blender
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Steve Maguire, President and
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The biggest
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the extruder and can affect the output capacity
of the line. Since atmospheric venting is
insuffcient in these applications, equipment
suppliers have, for several years, offered
degassing units on the side of the extruder to
more effciently remove all types of volatiles,
including moisture. While these side twin-screw
extruders are sometimes called feeders or stuffers
and do look like this equipment, they act to keep the
material in the extruder and allow air and volatiles out.
With the increasing demand for this function,
suppliers have been making improvements to their
equipment. KraussMaffei Berstorff, for example,
recently redesigned its SFE side vent port stuffer to use
either modular or solid screws.
Coperions ZS-EG twin-screw side
degassing units are seeing
increasing use in the produc-
tion of highly flled master-
batches with high moisture
contents, notes the company. Coperion recently
updated the units design by optimizing the screw set
and adding a variable speed screw drive. Standard
models of the ZS-EG are now designed for an absolute
vacuum of up to 50 mbar, with lower degassing
pressure available upon request.
Henschel introduced a degassing side-feeder about
fve years ago. The counter-rotating twin screws in the
side-feeder increase the volume so that air and
volatiles can be removed more
effciently, says Brunkau. Atmospheric-
venting side-feeders are connected via
pipes to a suction blower to collect
moisture and air in a wet fltering system. The vents can
also be put under vacuum using two vacuum units that
can be adjusted separately depending on the process
requirements. The company recently redesigned its
barrel to allow both a degassing and a production side-
feeder, whereas previously the barrel design could
accommodate one or the other.
Click on the links for more information:
Coperions ZS-
EG twin-screw
side degassing
units are being
used to
produce highly
flled master-
Entek is
working with
customers to optimise
screw confgurations for
different fller types and loadings
machinery feature | Twin-screw extruders
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Lehighton, PA 18235
Ph: (570) 386-4777
Fax: (570) 386-4120
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Whatever your needs, if we dont stock it, well build it!
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Performance Minerals
International business and technology conference for the window, door, decking,
fence and siding profle industry
June 1-2, 2011
The Hilton City Avenue
Philadelphia, PA, USA








June 1-2, 2011
Hilton City Avenue
4200 City Avenue
Philadelphia, PA 19131
United States
Tel: +1 215 879 4000
The conference fee does not include lodging. We have negotiated a special
rate of $129 per night for a single or double occupancy at the Hilton City
Avenue. Please contact the hotels reservation department directly and be
sure to mention AMIs PROFILES 2011 conference to qualify for the special
room rate. The hotel rate is guaranteed for a limited number of rooms so do
not delay in making your reservation for a room at the conference location.
+1 215 879 4000
Register before April 22nd, 2011 for only $900. Thereafter the fee will be
$1090. Registration includes all sessions, conference proceedings, reception,
luncheons, and break refreshments.
For companies wishing to register two or more delegates, group discounts are
available. Please contact the conference coordinator for more details.
AMI events are more than just arenas for listening and networking. They
also represent highly targeted opportunities to enhance your image and to
promote your products and services to an international audience.
Each event offers the following unique, awareness building opportunities:
sponsorship of the welcome cocktail reception, lunches, coffee breaks, and
much more. For further information please contact the conference coordinator
at +1 610 478 0800.
This package includes an exhibition space in the conference room where we
will be hosting the cocktail reception, coffee breaks and lunch, giving exhibitors
maximum exposure. It also includes 1 free delegate place. Exhibitors may
either use tables provided by the hotel or bring their own stand or display. Please
note that only a limited number of tables are available. The cost of this package
is $1900. For further information please contact the conference coordinator.
If your company is unable to send personnel to the conference, you can still
make your presence felt by using our literature display service. Send your
brochures or company information to the conference and we will display them
for delegates to collect at their leisure. The cost for this service is $400.
The social events organized for Proles 2011 will provide an ideal setting for
delegates and speakers to mix business with pleasure. On the rst evening,
everyone is warmly invited to attend the welcome cocktail reception, which will
follow the rst conference session.
Delegates may be substituted at any time at no charge. We ask that you provide
ample notication of substitution in order that materials can be prepared. Full
refunds, less an administrative charge of $200, will only be made on cancellations
received prior to April 22, 2011. We regret that we cannot make refunds on
cancellations received after this date or for no-shows at the conference. Please
note that refunds cannot be made on tabletop bookings.
FAX FORM TO: +1 610 478 0900
Ms. Lindsey Haggerty, Conference Coordinator
Ms. Margit Korsak, Conference Director
Applied Market Information LLC Tel: +1 610 478 0800
833 North Park Road, Suite #204, Fax: +1 610 478 0900
Wyomissing, PA 19610, USA e-mail:
Please make copies of this registration form for others to use or
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Registration Form
Proles 2011
June 1-2, 2011
The Hilton City Avenue, Philadelphia, PA, USA
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2 0 1 1
June 1-2, 2011
The Hilton City Avenue
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2 0 1 1
Lindsey Haggerty Conference Coordinator Ph: +1 610 478 0800 Fx: +1 610 478 0900
DETAILS May 2011 | coMpounding world 45
chinaplas 2011 exhibition | event preview
The biggest plastics exhibition of 2011
takes place in china this month.
we pick out some of the new
machinery and additives that will be
of particular interest to compounders
The 25
chinaplas exhibition is taking place on 17-20
May in guangzhou, china. it will be the worlds biggest
plastics industry event of 2011, featuring more than
2,200 exhibitors. The shows organiser, Adsale predicts
that it will attract over 80,000 visitors.
Since the frst chinaplas was held back in 1983, the
exhibition has grow in size from around 1,000 m
more than 180,000 m
. This years event is being held at
Asias largest exhibition centre the china import and
Export Fair pazhou complex.
There will be a strong emphasis on sustainable
technologies with a special conference taking place on
the second and third days of the show, plus there will be
a new exhibition zone dedicated to bioplastics and
degradable plastics.
For more details on visiting chinaplas 2010, go to
Many of the new machines and materials launched
at last years K show in germany will be making their
Asian debuts at chinaplas. we covered many of these in
the September, October, November and December
editions of compounding world. in this preview we will
largely focus on new products that werent shown in
dsseldorf, as well as products from local chinese and
Asian suppliers.
Twin-screw extruders
KraussMaffei Berstorff will be using chinaplas 2011 for
the world premiere of its ZE 30 uTX twin-screw
extruder, which flls the gap between the ZE 25 uTX
laboratory machine and the ZE 40 uTX production-scale
line. The company says that the new model provides a
cost-effective and versatile solution for laboratory
applications, recipe development and production
processes with output rates from 30 to 250 kg/h.
The ZE 30 uTX is available in a short version for
various homogenizing applications, as well as in very
long variants for special tasks requiring side feeders,
degassing vents and injection nozzles. it is also offered
with the option of an ultraglide travelling unit for
rapidly moving the melt-flled extruder screws back-
wards out of the stationary processing section. This
allows quick and accurate evaluation of the compound-
ing process, zone-by-zone. in addition, it delivers
considerable time savings for cleaning and screw
Two different od/id ratios are offered. The A series
The compounders guide
to guangzhou
Chinaplas is
taking place at
Asias largest
centre the
China Import
and Export Fair
Complex in
event preview | Chinaplas 2011 exhibition
has 1.46 OD/ID for high energy input, high shear and
high torque, while the R series has an OD/ID ratio of 1.74
for high-volume compounding applications involving
materials with low bulk densities or applications
requiring low energy input or long residence times.
Useon Extrusion of China will be exhibiting two of its
new SAT series twin-screw extruders in Guangzhou this
month. These are designed to offer high specifc torque
using a tried and tested gearbox design. The company
says that the new machines are constructed with a
greater level of precision than its previous TDS series.
They offer higher throughputs, broader processing
capabilities, improved residence time distributions, and
more accurate temperature control.
Additives and compounds
Chemtura will be promoting the latest additions to its
range of antioxidants, UV stabilizers, polymerisation
inhibitors and fame retardants. It is expanding its range
of Weston 705 liquid products under its Liquid Produc-
tivity Platform brand, and is also adding complementary
liquid phenolics and blends. The companys fame
retardant business, which has been rebranded Great
Lakes Solutions, will be promoting its recently launched
Emerald range of sustainable FR additives, which is
being expanded to four different products.
Chemtura will also be highlighting its new applica-
tion development centre in Nanjing and discussing its
plans to invest more than $50 million in China over the
next several years. The company has appointed a new
director of mergers and acquisitions in Shanghai to look
for opportunities in the country and the wider Asia
Pacifc region.
Elasto will be raising the profle of its new name and
identity at Chinaplas this year. The company was formed
a year ago when Hexpol acquired the TPE division of the
Vita Group. It has compounding plants in Sweden and
the UK producing its Dryfex and Mediprene grades
based on SBS, SEBS, TPO and TPV technologies. Elasto
recently appointed Telko Shanghai as a distributor for
its products in the Chinese market.
Meilian Chemical will be highlighting its masterbatch
production capabilities. Its plant in Shantou, Guang-
dong, has eight compounding lines with a total capacity
of 20,000 tonnes/year. The company focuses on PE mas-
terbatch including black, white, colour and additive
products. The latter include anti-static, anti-block, slip
and clarifer/nucleator grades.
Nghe An Mineral (Namco) is a leading producer of
calcium carbonate in Vietnam, extracting more than
500,000 tonnes/year of material from its 40 hectare
Berstorffs ZE
30 UTX twin-
screw extruder
will make its
world debut at
Chinaplas 2011 exhibition | event preview
quarry. Large quantities of the CaCo
are exported for
use as fllers in plastics and rubber. Its processing plant
produces a wide range of coated and uncoated grades
with particle sizes from 6 to 70 microns.
PolyOne will be showing its new Stat-Tech NT conduc-
tive compounds that are based on carbon nanotubes
(CNTs). The grades, which were launched at the
Brasilplast exhibition earlier this month, include
formulations based on POM, PEEK, PEI and PC. They
are designed to offer high electro-static discharge (ESD)
protection and improved productivity, processing as
easily as the base resin. The company says that the
compounds maintain all of the mechanical properties
that are required for media storage, integrated circuit
packaging, semi-conductor devices and other electronic
applications. Because CNTs only need to be used at low
loadings to achieve the required conductivity, they have
minimal effect on properties like strength, shrinkage,
warpage and compound viscosity.
Shandong Chuanjun Chemical will promote its broad
range of polymer additives with a focus on its environ-
mentally-friendly products. It manufactures zinc borate
fame retardants and has increased its capacity for these
materials to 10,000 tonnes/year at its plant in Zibo City,
Shandong Province. The company also supplies a range
of plasticizers and will be using Chinaplas to promote its
DEDB and DPGDB grades. Its capacity for these has
been grown to 20,000 tonnes/year.
Shandong Hongkun manufactures benzotriazole UV
absorbers at its plant in Dezhou and carries out its R&D
work at Sichuan University. Marketed under the
Gransorb brandname, its additives are used in conjunc-
tion with HALS in polyolefns as well as in PVC, PC, PU,
Automotive plastics
move up a gear
Chinas huge automotive industry is implementing more sophisticated
applications of plastics in its latest models.
For example, Changan Automobile is using Sabics Stamax long-
glass-fbre PP compounds to produce an all-plastic front-end module
(FEM) on its CX30 model. According to Sabic, this is the frst all-plastic
FEM to be introduced on a Chinese-developed vehicle.
By using Stamax to replace steel, the weight of automotive compo-
nents can be reduced by up to 40%. In this application, a total saving of
around 4 kg was achieved. Sabic says that Changan has also reduced
overall system costs by implementing modular assembly of the FEM,
improving effciency on its production line. The single plastic moulding
replaces 22 metal components.
Another Chinese auto maker that is looking to increase its use of
advanced polymers is Chery Automobile. It is setting up a joint research
and development laboratory in conjunction with Bayer MaterialScience
at its Wuhu site in Anhui Province. The partnership will aim to develop
innovative applications of plastics to improve the energy effciency of
future car designs.
Changan is
saving weight
and costs by
using Stamax
to make its
Cables 2011 - ConferenCe
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industry guide to Polymer
2009, by beyer,
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by Plastics
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Handbook of antistatiCs
2007, by Pionteck & Wypych,
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A comprehensive
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uses of antistatic
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tWin sCreW extrusion -
teCHnology and PrinCiPles
2010, by White & kyu,
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Chinaplas 2011 exhibition | event preview
PA and coatings. The company also offers a range of
fame retardants and antioxidants.
Shandong Kllon Chemical will be promoting its
magnesium hydroxide fame retardant products which
are sold under the Helon brandname. The company has
established production capacity of 6,000 tonnes/year at
its plant in the city of Weifang, Shanding Province.
Target applications for its additives include PE and PVC
cables , TPEs and engineering plastics.
Songwon of South Korea will be using Chinaplas to
highlight its commitment to the Chinese market with its
range of polymer additives including antioxidants, light
stabilizers and UV absorbers. Its Songwon China
subsidiary in Hong Kong acts as its investment arm for
its growing activities in the country, while Songwon
Shanghai Trading is its main sales and sourcing
operation. Its Songwon Baifu Chemical
joint venture with Tangshan Baifu
Chemical will be fully incorporated by
mid 2011, manufacturing and selling
thioester antioxidants with a
backward integrated capacity of
6,000 tonnes/year. In addition,
Songwon is building a full analytical
laboratory in Shanghai that will be
operational by the end of this year.
Suzhou Constab Engineering Plastics
was established as a joint venture
between German-based masterbatch
maker Constab plus Silon Compounds,
the Canadian producer of silane cross-
linkable compounds. All companies are
now part of the Kafrit Group, headquar-
tered in Israel. Located in Wujiang, China, it
has annual capacities for 8,000 tonnes of polyolefn
masterbatches and compounds plus 8,000 tonnes of
silane cross-linkable compounds. Target applications
include PEX for the pipe industry and masterbatches for
BOPP, PE, shrink and cast flms.
Holliday Pigments will be focusing on its
ultramarine blue products formulated for
food contact applications. It has recently
introduced improvements in its
manufacturing process to manufacture
pigments for taste-free and taint-free
plastics packaging. The company
reports that its Premier BC grades for
still water and BC-R products for
carbonated soft drinks are seeing an
upsurge in demand in China, Japan and
South East Asia. It says that synthetic ultra-
marine is non-toxic and inherently safe for
these sensitive applications. The BC-R
grades are silica-encapsulated to protect
them from acidic attack when exposed to
carbonated drinks and fruit juices.
This months
Chinaplas show
is expected to
attract more
than 80,000
blue products
are formulated
for food contact
AMI Strategy Seminars
These one-day seminars are given by an AMI director and provide invaluable
insights into market trends and industry strategies. They are held in small
groups and provide ample opportunities for questions and discussions.
26 May 2011, Brussels, Belgium
20 June 2011, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Organised by
Applied Market Information Ltd
At the 2011 Plastics Industry Strategy Seminar you will hear the latest views on the development and growth opportunities in the world polymer market. The one day seminar highlights and distills the views of AMIs consultants research and analysis on the global market. The session is organised so that each polymer material type is reviewed in terms of supply/demand, end use application with the provision of both a historical perspective, a current performance (fully updated for the 2010 market) and a future forecast.
In the later sessions during the day, attention turns to the current shape and future development of the processing industry, including views on all the major technoogy sectors. The presentations give you the opportunity to hear AMIs perspective on the changes in both polymer markets and the evolution of the downstream processing sectors, which will shape the future of the industry.
Andrew Reynolds, Seminar Leader
PLASTICS INDUSTRY STRATEGY SEMINAR A review of the prospects for the global plastics industry
2011 Seminar Dates
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International conference on design, materials and technology for
the medical device manufacturing industry
Organised by:
Applied Market
Information Ltd
final reminder book now
7 - 9 June 2011
Maritim Hotel, Cologne, Germany
* + 19% German VAT
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Clara fontana Conference organiser Ph: +44(0)117 924 9442 fax: +44(0)117 311 1534
Polymers and additives | products
technical compounds
Rowa expands fame-retardant range
Rowa Group companies have
been busy formulating a range
of new fame-retardant
compounds for a variety of
For example, Mller
Kunststoffe has developed new
fame-resistant TPEs for the
construction industry. The
halogen-free Lifofex UV Flam
compounds have signifcantly
better stress crack and
chemical resistance than
fame-retardant PC/ABS
blends. For this reason the
new PC/PBT grades are
suitable for housings and
parts that are subject to
frequent cleaning.
Romira has introduced new
halogen-free fame-retardant
PC/PBT blends that meet V0
fame tests under UL94 down
to 1.5 mm. Romiloy EXP1950 is
a non-reinforced grade, while
EXP2047 and EXP2088 are
both glass-fbre-reinforced.
The company says that semi-
crystalline PC/PBT moulding
grades meet the DIN 4102-1
standard, corresponding to
construction materials class
B2 with a minimum thickness
of 1.6 mm. They can be
extruded or injection moulded
and they have good adhesion
to PP for the production of
two-component products.
Another Rowa company,
theRmoplastic elastomeRs
teknor apex unveils a softer touch
US-based Teknor Apex claims the
latest addition to its Medalist range of
super-soft medical TPEs is so soft it
cannot be accurately measured on the
Shore A hardness scale.
Softer than the companys current
softest product, which has a Shore A
hardness rating of 5, the MD-447
medical elastomer gel is rated at 25 on
the Shore OO ultra-soft scale. Despite
its gel-like characteristics, the trans-
parent MD-447 TPE is supplied in free-
fowing pellet form.
Teknor Apex has considerable
experience with gel elastomers used
commercially in non-medical applica-
tions, says the companys medical
market manager Lisa Charno. We
applied that experience to formulate a
gel that achieves new levels of softness
yet fows freely in pellet form and is
readily processed in standard injection
moulding machines.
The new grade is based on a standard
hydrogenated styrenic block copolymer. It
displays a specifc gravity of 0.868 and
melt fow rate of 20 (g/10min).
According to the company, the TPE is
free of latex, phthalates and animal-
derived components. It is also said to
comply with FDA, California Proposition
65, CONEG, and REACH requirements for
medical applications.
Teknor Apex says MD-447 will provide
improved comfort in any skin-contact
application such as moulded-in seals and
md-447 is the softest medical grade tpe
gel yet from teknor apex
electronics recycling
JJi offers computer makers a
non-halongenated alternative
colour trends
US-based JJI Technologies
aims to help electronics
equipment manufacturers
improve their environmental
profle through the use of its
non-halogenated polyolefn
compound technology.
The Ohio-based company
has been granted a European
patent (EP2045288) covering
the application of non-
halogen fame retardant
compounds in fully-recyclable
plastic computer housings.
Computer manufacturers
typically use a multitude of
plastic resins, each of which
may incorporate different
fller levels, says JJI.
features a range of colours
including retro hues of
fuchsia, teal and orange, plus
versatile neutrals. It also
features optical black colours
with rich green, blue and
magenta shades for use in
Lexan PC. These shift intensity
depending on the light.
Sabic Innovative Plastics has
unveiled its new Expression
2012 palette of plastics colours
and special effects designed to
inspire designers and give cus-
tomers opportunities to
differentiate their products.
Based on ColorXpress
Europes latest research into
colour trends, the palette
Engage XLT is a new
polyolefn elastomer grade
from Dow Chemical Company
that is claimed to provide
enhanced weight saving and
impact performance in PP-
based TPOs for automotive
interior and exterior
According to Dow, Engage
XLT is a highly effective impact
modifer so lower loadings can
be used. This results in a
stiffer TPO compound and
opens up opportunities for
thin-walling parts.
Computer-based engineer-
ing simulations carried out for
Dow show that part weights
can be reduced by up to 10%
by using the new XLT grade,
with an associated saving in
production cycle times.
The ability of Engage XLT
to facilitate the production of
light, large parts with a faster
mould time can help
compounders and manufac-
turers to cost-effectively
produce fuel-effcient
vehicles without compromis-
ing quality, says Dave
Mitchell, marketing manager
at Dow Elastomers.
dow engages
to lift tPo
Polyolefin elastomers
COMPOUnDIng wOrLD | May 2011 52
products | Polymers and additives
JJIs compounds are based
on polypropylene, thermoplastic
elastomers, non-halogenated
fame retardants and perform-
ance enhancing fllers. The
company says independent
tests show the compounds
can meet UL94-V0 require-
ments and can be recycled up
to fve times with minimal loss
of physical properties.
JJi technologies
compounds could
simplify recycling
of electronic
electrical comPounds
ltl color compounders throws light on leds
US-based LTL Color Com-
pounders has developed a new
line of diffusing compounds
for the latest generation of
energy effcient LED lighting
The new compounds are
compounds can be custom
designed to deliver specifc
opacity, diffusion and
transmission requirements.
Pennsylvania-based LTL can
also supply tinted versions.
requires materials capable of
obscuring the LED hot spot
source while maintaining
uniform light distribution and
high light transmission.
Suitable for injection
moulding or extrusion, the new
marketed under the companys
ColorFast brand and are based
on polycarbonate and acrylic
formulations They are
designed to address the
special demands of energy-
effcient LED lighting, which
sabic predicts a colourful 2012
This months free
brochure downloads
Simply click on the brochure cover or link to download a PDF of the full publication
If you would like your brochure to be included on this page, please contact
Claire Bishop. claire
@ Tel: +44 (0)20 8686 8139
B&P: Trivolution Tri-Kneader
This new brochure from
B&P Process Equipment
has details of the companys
revolutionary Tri-Kneader
for demanding compounding
applications, delivering
uniform dispersion at lower
melt temperatures.
Click here to download
Coperions new ZSK Mc
This brochure has the full
story on Coperions brand
new ZSK Mc
extruder which offers
market-leading specifc
torque levels of 18 Nm/cm

leading to higher maximum
Click here to download
B&P: Trivolution Tri-Kneader
This new brochure from
B&P Process Equipment
has details of the companys
revolutionary Tri-Kneader
for demanding compounding
applications, delivering
uniform dispersion at lower
melt temperatures.
Click here to download
Entek: compounding bioplastics
This white paper by Dean
Elliott of Entek Extruders
has lots of practical advice
on the twin-screw extrusion
of biopolymers, including
recommended machine
confgurations for various
Click here to download
Timcal: carbon additives
Timcal has produced this
24-page brochure to provide
technical details of its
Timrex graphite and Ensaco
conductive carbon black
additives for polymer
compounds. It covers a wide
range of applications.
Click here to download
Steer: EPZ screw elements
This 20-page brochure from
Steer Engineering has
details of the companys EPZ
screw elements, barrels and
shafts, including innovative
designs that deliver higher
intake, enhanced mixing and
effcient conveying.
Click here to download
Steer: EPZ screw elements
This 20-page brochure from
Steer Engineering has
details of the companys EPZ
screw elements, barrels and
shafts, including innovative
designs that deliver higher
intake, enhanced mixing and
effcient conveying.
Click here to download
Buss Kneader technology
This 16-page brochure
examines how the Buss
Kneader can be used for the
effcient compounding of
masterbatches, PVC
formulations, wire and cable
compounds, bioplastics,
TPEs and a variety of other
Click here to download
Headoffcelocation: MigdalHaemek,Israel
PresidentPlasticsDivision: Mr.IlanMalamed
Ownership: Privatelyowned
No.ofemployees: 250
Plantlocations: Polymerisation:MigdalHaemek(Israel).Compounding:Rho(Italy),Utzenfeld
Profle: NilitPlasticshasbeenmanufacturingPA6.6formorethanthreedecades.Its
Productline: NilitproducesabroadrangeofPolynilspecialtyPA6.6and6.6/6polymersfor
Productstrengths: Nilithasaparticularlystrongpositioninthefeldoffameretardantgrades

compounder of the month
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Compounding World March
Compounding Worlds March
edition boasts special features on
reducing wear and friction levels
in polymers, trends in Europes
styrenics compounding market,
plus 10 pages on pelletizing
Click here to view
Compounding World April
The April edition of Compounding
World boasts features on
antioxidants and UV stabilizers,
PVC formulation, polymer
distribution trends, materials
handling systems and the impact
of Japans earthquake on
additives supplies.
Click here to view
Injection World March
The March issue of Injection
World is flled with features
on the latest engineering
plastics, all-electric
moulding machines, resin
dryers, electronics
applications and optimising
injection times.
Click here to view
Pipe and Profle Mar/Apr
The March/April edition of
Pipe and Profle Extrusion is
overfowing with features on
markets trends for sewerage
and drainage pipes,
developments in PP resins,
pipeline testing regimes,
extruder screw designs, and
pipe joining techniques.
Click here to view
Film and Sheet Apr/May
Film and Sheet Extrusions
April/May issue is packed with
articles on agricultural flm
trends, the latest polyolefn
grades, developments in
extruder dies, plus previews of
Interpack and Chinaplas.
Click here to view
Injection World April
The April edition of Injection
World has articles on total
productive maintenance
programmes, changes in
Europes TV manufacturing
supply chain, conformal
cooling, electrical and
electronic applications plus a
Chinaplas preview.
Click here to view
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17-20 May Chinaplas2011,Guangzhou,China
18-19 May PDM11,London,UK
24-27 May Ausplas,Melbourne,Australia
24-27 May Plastpol,Kielce,Poland
24-27 May FIPSolutionPlastique,Lyon,France
21-23 June Plast-Ex,Toronto,Canada
27-30 June Plasticos2011,BuenosAires,Argentina
16-19 August PlasTechBrasil,CaixasdoSul,Brazil
31 Aug 3 Sept TIPREX,Bangkok,Thailand
6-9 September APPLAS,Shanghai,China
27-29 September Interplas,Birmingham,UK
4-7 October Plastimagen,Mexico
18-22 October Fakuma,Friedrichshafen,Germany
25-29 October IPF,Chiba-Tokyo,Japan
9-12 November M-Plas,KualaLumpur,Malaysia
14-18 November Equiplast,Barcelona,Spain
28 Nov 1 Dec SaudiPlas,Riyadh,SaudiArabia
1-6 February PlastIndia2012,Delhi,India
29 Feb 2 March Plastics&RubberVietnam,Ho-Chi-Minh
Global exhibition guide
AMI conferences
7-9 June MedicalDevicePolymers,Cologne,Germany
7-9 June Masterbatch2011,Vienna,Austria
16-17 June FireRetardantsinPlastics2011,Denver,CO,USA
13-14 September MedicalGradePolymers2011,Philadelphia,PA,USA
18-20 October PolyolefnAdditives2011,Cologne,Germany
8-11 November Wood-PlasticComposites2011,Vienna,Austria
29 Nov 1 Dec FireResistanceinPlastics2011,Cologne,Germany
30 Nov 1 Dec MineralsinCompounding2011,Atlanta,GA,USA
20-22 March PVCFormulation2012,Dsseldorf,Germany
20-22 March GreenChemistry2012,Cologne,Germany
For information on all
these events and other
conferences on flm,
sheet, pipe and
packaging applications, see