You are on page 1of 15



Partner Organisation:
Movimiento Laicos para
America Latina (MLAL) /
Location: El Alto, Bolivia
IS Partner Appraisal Document

Post: Small & Medium

(SME) Trainer for
Incarcerated Youth


Introduction to Bolivia 3

Current Situation 4

The Problem 6

The Project 7

Partner Organisation 9

Job Description 11

Development Worker Profile 12

Living and working conditions 13

Conditions of Service 14

IS Partner Appraisal Document


Bolivia is a country of great contrasts. Geographically, Bolivia has three main regions -
the Altiplano or high plateau, the Valleys and the Lowlands. In terms of altitude, the
Altiplano ranges approximately between 3700 to 4500 metres, valleys descend from
these higher areas to altitudes between 1500 to 3000 metres above sea level. Lower
Valleys descend towards the tropical lowlands to about 400 to 500 metres.

In cultural terms, most inhabitants in Bolivia today can trace their ancestry to the
Tiahuanaco and Inca Empires. Traditionally, these cultures mostly inhabited the
Highland and Valleys in what is now Bolivia. Today, the migration to the main cities and
to the lowlands has meant a spread of the different ethnic groups. These are smaller in
number and many have been subject to heavy influence from migrants from the
Highlands and Valleys of Bolivia and from abroad. Nevertheless, of all the Latin
American countries, Bolivia has the highest proportion of an indigenous population.
Within this indigenous population are various ethnic groups with their own language,
beliefs system, customs and so forth, with Quechua and Aymara cultures being the
principal two. More than 50% of the population is bilingual, Spanish being the official
language. According to the latest census, 23% speak Quechua, 16% speak Aymara
and 3% others which includes Guarani.

One of the main challenges facing Bolivia today is the need to re-value these
indigenous cultures, respecting their traditions, beliefs and what is referred to as the
“cosmovision andina”, which basically refers to the way these people see life and live
accordingly which is focused on maintaining an equilibrium within the environment of
which of course man and woman are part. But also, last but not least, open the
exclusive social, economic and political structures to the indigenous people therefore
ending discrimination and exclusion.

IS Partner Appraisal Document


Since 1985, the government has followed policies imposed by the IMF. Measures have
included the freeing of price controls, of restrictions on exports and imports, and the
labour market. Moves to reduce public expenditure and towards greater privatisation
have led to a transformation of the State's role. In the first five years after introducing
these policies, more than 20,000 miners from the State Mining Corporation were
dismissed, and public sector salaries were kept at very low levels. Wages fell in real
terms during this period, which coincided with runaway inflation and the collapse of the
tin industry (one of Bolivia's main exports) due to falling prices on the world markets.

Bolivia is the poorest country in South America. Seven of every ten Bolivians are
considered to be poor, (taking poor to signify a lack of money or material possessions
such that a person is unable to meet the basic needs necessary for survival).

- Life expectancy: urban areas – 62years, rural: 57years

- Infant mortality rate: (0 to 5 years old) 55.6 per thousand births alive.
- Access to sanitary services: 29% of population
- Children under 3 suffering from chronic malnutrition: 24%

In 1950 the rural population represented 73,8 % of the total population and until the
mid eighties this area had the highest population percentages. However, in recent
years this trend has been reversed by the high migration to urban areas. According to
recent data:

- 62.4% of the population now live in urban areas.

- 37.6% of the population now live in rural areas.

This rapid rise in urban population has meant that there are increasing marginal shanty
towns developing particularly in the main cities (La Paz, El Alto, Santa Cruz and
Cochabamba). Like the majority of rural areas, these marginal city areas lack basic
services such as water, sewerage, health posts and adequate schools.

The current economic model introduced in Bolivia in l985 has brought about
reasonable financial stability, in that inflation has remained between around 4%. Since
2000 Bolivia’s growth rate has ranged from 0 to 4%, however, it has not been able to
reduce the ever increasing levels of poverty among the majority of the population.
Some analysts argue that in fact these levels of poverty have risen, and the gap
between the small elite (politically and economically) and the majority of the population
has widened.

IS Partner Appraisal Document

Attempts to reduce this ever increasing gap, such as the “Participacion Popular”
(Popular Participation) Law (l994) have not had the desired effect. This law which
attempts to redistribute previously centralized resources to provincial areas has had
wide ranging results. In theory the law is potentially positive, however, in some areas
lack of sufficient training, provision of information on the law and in-fighting amongst
different political tendencies in rural areas have hindered and delayed positive impact.
In other areas successes have been achieved in terms of developing processes of
participative planning with different organisations at provincial levels. There are also
examples of increasing the effective use of natural resources and positive attempts at
developing what are known as “productive municipalities”.

As part of the IMF and World Bank HIPC II Initiative (Heavily Indebted Poor Countries),
Bolivia was obliged in 1997 to produce a Poverty Reduction Strategic Plan. An
important point decided in relation to the PRSP was the decision to strengthen
programmes resulting from the Popular Participation Law between the Bolivian
Government and International Cooperation. This law is seen as having the potential to
not only improve conditions in provincial areas but also as a mechanism for
strengthening and empowering regional and provincial organisations. The Government
proposed concerted action plans in relation to the reduction of poverty with the
following main actors: Government, the international community, civil society and the
private sector. However, the actions so far seem to be removed from the plans, leaving
the road to effective poverty reduction still very much unpaved.

Bolivia holds the record as the country with the most frequent changes of presidency,
with some decades averaging one a year. The previous few years have been no
exception, with a succession of changes since Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (‘Goni’)
took presidency in 2002. As a businessman and wealthy miner, his politics were very
much right wing. This brought a wave of strong social, largely indigenous movements
expressing strong dissatisfaction with the government ideologies and economic model,
which, with neo-liberal policies has opened Bolivian markets to unfair competition. This
has led to high levels of unemployment, much black market trading and an estimated
70% of the workforce in the informal sector, thus not paying taxes, but also not having
any job security, and basically in an extremely vulnerable economic situation.

Miners in demonstration

October 2003 has since been named ‘Black October’ due to the violent clashes
between the military and the civilians during their protests against the government. The
events succeeded in ousting the President, but tragically cost the lives of over 100
men, women and children and left many more permanently injured. Since then, Bolivia
has seen two ‘interim’ presidents before the general elections took place in December

IS Partner Appraisal Document

The elections resulted in the former Coca leader and strong Union fighter Evo Morales
– from the MAS party (Movimiento al Socialismo) being elected by an overwhelming
majority of 54% of the votes –a first in Bolivian history. The next few years will be very
significant for Bolivia as we watch eagerly this new President, representative of the
indigenous population, majority and poorer sectors of the population, a man with
humble roots, preside over the country. He has already declared nationalisation of the
hydrocarbons (natural gas) although it remains to be seen if it is economically and
legally viable, in relation to the multinationals that have been running the industry for
years. His second big challenge is to fulfil the promise of a Constitutional Assembly. A
national assembly has been formed to write up a new constitution for the country. This
is the event that many people hope will contribute to developing a more equal and just


Due to a lack of planning and funding, many areas of El Alto currently lack access to
basic services such as rubbish collection, sewage connections and potable water. An
estimated four out of each five residents of El Alto live in poverty conditions that do not
allow them to meet their basic nutritional needs1 . The high rate of households headed
by women, lack of basic services, and high poverty levels, combine to create urban and
peri-urban belts of increased delinquency, violent crimes, substance abuse, gang
membership, prostitution, drug dealing, child labour, school drop out rates, and early
pregnancies. These same dynamics are happening to a more or lesser degree in all
urban centres of Bolivia.

Because of the poverty levels and the increasing social problems, there are 7,682
prisoners in Bolivia, of those73% are in preventative detention and only 27% have
been sentenced with a crime. Of those who are in preventative detention, 77% of them
are in prison due to the 1008 drug trafficking law. According to a study done by CELIN
Bolivia, justice is not applied evenly in Bolivia and many crimes are clearly related to
poverty levels, with 0.8% of the prison population coming from the upper economic and
social classes, 32.4% from the middle classes, and 66.8% from the lower classes.

In December of 2006, there were more than 850 youth under the age of 18 in different
state-run jails around the country. In the Department of La Paz, there are currently
about 160 youth housed in four prisons. In general, they are in jail for the following
crimes in order of frequency: drug trafficking under the Bolivian law 1008, sexual
crimes, homicide, assault and robbery, and various other crimes. A large percentage of
these crimes are related to high poverty levels and prior abuse received by the youth in
their homes.

The National Code for Children and Youth provides a framework for providing special
attention to youth offenders through SEDEGES centres, however only 4 out of the 9
Bolivian Departments (regions) have implemented them. In late 2006, there were 107
youth (88 male and 19 female) in these SEDEGES centres, in Santa Cruz,
Cochabamba, Tarija and La Paz. In a few cases there are youth being held in the
SEDEGES system who have not been charged with a crime and do not have the
benefit of legal council, or who are being held for minor crimes that do not merit jail
time, both of which are prohibited by law. While these centres generally provide space
for sports, the majority do not include educational programs or materials.

PNUD Bolivia, 2006

IS Partner Appraisal Document

If youth are over 16 years of age, they are not housed in the SEDEGES system, but
instead are put in regular jails with the adult population where in many cases they are
subject to abuse and have few opportunities to participate in educational or
rehabilitation programs. In late 2006, there were 743 youth (659 male and 84 female)
between 16- 21 years old in the adult jails, the majority of them are in Palmasola in
Santa Cruz and San Pedro in La Paz. Prisoners in this system should go through a four
stage process where they gradually gain more rights and become reaccustomed to
society, however, this rarely happens and few prisoners are informed about how this
process should work. Additionally, solitary confinement is commonly used to scare,
blackmail and punish prisoners.

In Bolivia, there are no jury trials, and the presiding judges base all decisions on their
own evaluation of the data brought out during the proceedings. The police are
responsible for apprehending and arresting people who break that law, although
citizens may arrest an offender if caught in the act of committing a crime. Out of
frustration with the corruption and bribes rampant in the justice system community
members also may carry out “community justice” where the offender is deemed guilty
and publicly beaten or even killed without the presence of any member of the official
legal system.

Prison cell in Chanchocoro Prison yard in Miraflores women’s jail

According to the government prison department study in 2006, the prison system in
Bolivia is suffering from the following widespread problems:

1. Overpopulation, there doesn’t exist enough space to separate youth from adults,
sick from healthy, those with sentences from those without, dangerous criminals from
others, etc.
2. Lack of equipment, especially for security functions, leading to the introduction of
drugs, guns and other prohibited items into the jails.
3. Poor infrastructure and little maintenance of the buildings leading to unsanitary
living conditions.
4. Illnesses, many prisoners suffer from HIV/AIDS, cancer, tuberculosis, mental illness,
and other health issues that are left without social or medical support.
5. Lack of qualified professional staff, especially doctors, lawyers, psychologists, and

IS Partner Appraisal Document

social workers
6. Many prisoners without sentences are being detained which is causing
overpopulation in the prisons.


At the moment youth offenders are housed in SEDEGES centres or in adult prisons.
They are visited by different projects including MLAL but do not have the kind of
consistent educational environment or societal reinsertion support that they need in
order to become responsible adults able to participate fully in society either during their
incarceration or after their release.

Many perpetrators of crimes committed against children are not punished at all, out of
every 100 cases only 4 receive any kind of jail sentence and the majority of cases take
between 2-4 years to go to court2. In most cases the child is re-victimized by continuing
to live with the perpetrator or being removed to an institution. In these cases the youth
should be supported and defended by the staff of the Children’s Defence Councils
which consist of a social worker, lawyer and psychologist. The social worker collects
information on the case and registers the human right that was violated. The lawyer
represents the child in any legal proceedings as a plaintiff in the case that they have
been a victim of a crime or defendant if they have committed a crime. The psychologist
assesses the psychological damage that has happened in the child based on their
situation, and they can testify on behalf of the child in court cases. The team should
also work to promote children’s rights and educate the population in the communities
where they work.

Overall the Children’s Defence Councils face severe shortages in both economic and
human resources. The municipalities don’t include the Children’s Defence Councils as
a standard budget item and local neighbourhood groups often refuse when asked to
help fund their work. Additionally, community participation in workshops is often very
low. In the rural areas, the problems are even more pronounced with lower budgets,
few professionals who want to work there and the widespread problem of the sexual
abuse of children. Overall there is little state protection for children accessing the legal
system either as victims or as perpetrators.

Qalauma center
Defensoria de la Ninez: Max Paredes, La Paz.

IS Partner Appraisal Document

The new Qalauma youth prison which should be fully running by March 2009 will be
divided into two main blocks one for men and one for women, overall the centre will
have 8 main areas:

1. Security, which will be staffed by specialized police and located in the watch towers
around the perimeter of the centre. Educators will be trained to serve the function of
guards within the centre. The staff will work together to ensure the tranquillity, peace
and smooth functioning of the centre.
2. Administration, which will consist of the intake area, visiting rooms, pharmacy,
nursing staff, and legal, psychological, and social work support.
3. Cell dorm blocks, which will be separated by sex, each dorm room (cell) will house
three people, and each block will include a kitchen, dining area, and recreation area.
The women’s block will also have a child care area. There will be separate dorms for
new inmates.
4. Special therapy centre, which will house youth with drug or alcohol dependencies or
some mental health issues.
5. Work, which will provide the youth with the opportunity to learn and practice new
skills in carpentry, baking, crafts, and agriculture. These work spaces will be organized
as small businesses in order to give the youth the experience of managing their work
and that of others.
6. Education, youth will participate in both standard educational courses as well as
vocational technical training. Those that have not finished high school will have the
opportunity to complete their studies and those who participate in the technical training
will learn new skills to support themselves when they are released from prison.
7. Recreation, which will take place on a large multi-purpose field includes sport,
cultural and other team building or outdoor activities.
8. Spirituality, which will provide an ecumenical space for reflection, meditation, prayer
and song in order to strengthen human values, solidarity and responsibility while
respecting the personal beliefs of each person.

The work at Qalauma will be based on a successful Brazil prison model APAC
(Association for the Protection and Assistance to the Condemned). The goal of the
APAC methodology is the awakening of prisoners into becoming productive members
of their families and communities. It does not impose religion; rather it endeavours to
awaken in the inmate the need for spiritual self-exploration and transformation.

Qalauma is based on the following values: protagonism of the youth, equality in

diversity, team work, individualised attention, restorative justice, participation, a
systemic approach to rehabilitation, a good emotional atmosphere, and the
development of respectful relationships between male and female inmates.


Established in 1966, based in Verona, Italy MLAL promotes and supports the efforts of
volunteers in Latin America and Africa; focusing on basic human rights of indigenous
people, woman and street children in large urban centres and shanty towns, as well as
the themes of agricultural self-sufficiency and small production enterprises. MLAL
works with 320 projects in 17 Developing Countries and in 4 European countries to
train local personnel and create networks for long term sustainable change.

MLAL is also a founding member of AITR - Responsible Tourism Association and

ITALIANATs - a Fair Trade network that supports and promotes NATs (youth worker)

IS Partner Appraisal Document

In Bolivia, projects focus specifically on protection of human rights with particular

attention to indigenous communities; the promotion of the role of women; strengthening
local institutions; agricultural development, production and marketing alongside
producer organizations, combating desertification and promoting social integration and
the rights of marginalized young people including youth prisoners.

Mission of MLAL
Worldwide, MLAL works to support marginalized populations by:
- improving household incomes
- strengthening local organizations to help them become more representative and
sustainable over the long term
- reinforcing indigenous values and helping people to create their own destinies

Objectives of MLAL in Bolivia

MLAL has two main objectives in Bolivia:
1. supporting local producer groups through economic solidarity and influencing policy
on food security issues. To this end they support producers of wheat, milk, fruit, wool,
2. promoting human rights through:
a) strengthening the Children’s Defence Offices in El Alto in a project with 2 other
Italian organizations that promotes respect for children
b) working directly with victims of commercial sexual violence through their new
project Munasim Kullakita
c) work in the 4 jails of La Paz and El Alto with a focus on rehabilitation, education,
and gathering input into the building of Qalauma

Mission of Qalauma
Provide adequate infrastructure to youth who were involved in crimes, where they can
learn educational and work skills with a human development perspective. In this way
they will fully exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens, learn new habits for
healthier lifestyles and become progressively reinserted into society.

MLAL psychologist in Chanchocoro prison Green house in Chanchocoro

Vision of Qalauma
Qalauma is hoping to achieve a system of youth justice in Bolivia that responds to the
needs, rights, and obligations of the adolescents, by working with civil society, and the
government in order to create a more just and sensitive way of looking at the topic. In
this way, the centre will contribute to a culture of good treatment for everyone,
restorative justice and crime prevention.

Overall, Qalauma hopes to change the current punitive jail model to one that focuses
on taking responsibility and increasing educational opportunities as the first steps
towards rehabilitation. This process will focus on the youth recognizing the

IS Partner Appraisal Document

consequences of the criminal act and seeking reconciliation (as circumstances permit)
with the people who have been affected by their actions. The educational side rather
than being based on punishment, repression, and abuse of the youth, will instead show
them how to have respect and good relationships within themselves and with the rest
of society.

Specific objectives of Qalauma

1. Provide incarcerated youth with good quality services in education, legal support,
psychology, therapy, social work, and sanitary living conditions
2. Provide academic opportunities and technical training for every imprisoned youth
3. Provide the youth with new role models with whom to identify, that will lead to
healthy lifestyles
4. Support the youth in becoming progressively more involved with their families and
with society in general
5. Raise awareness among the general public about the legal system and the need to
support the youth in becoming reintegrated into society
6. Create a center for youth in conflict with the law, which can serve as a reference
point for efforts in other areas of Bolivia as well as working to create a law for youth
justice issues.

The Qalauma center is part of the state Penitentiary Regimen system, the security will
be managed by the Penitentiary Security Department, and the administration and
Director’s role will be managed by the Departmental Office of Penitentiary Regimen
and Security.

The implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the center will be managed by MLAL
in consultation with the members of the youth justice working group. MLAL will also
recruit the professional employees to serve as the 21 educators in the center. The DW
will serve under the Educational Coordinator of the center, who will be selected by

The youth in Qalauma will participate in a general assembly once a week where they
will speak up and vote on issues having to do with the running of the centre. The youth
will elect 5 representatives and the elected president will select an additional 6
advisors, this group will coordinate the meetings and represent the prison population’s
decisions to the administrative management of the centre.

MLAL is requesting two DWs will work under the centre’s Educational Coordinator and
coordinate closely with the other educators and the area coordinators. The DWs will fill
the positions of “Head of Microbusinesses and Vocational Training” and “Head of
Communications, Public Relations, and Community Volunteers” in Qalauma’s
organizational chart. The Small & Medium Enterprise development worker will
coordinate directly with the prisoners to train them to carry out SME activities

The activities in Qalauma revolve around the social, educational, and legal well being
of the youth housed there. Upon arrival they will go through a 5 stage process:

• observation and diagnostic (psychological analysis)

• integration and adaptation (therapy sessions)
• community (encourage taking responsibilities for studying, training workshops
and personal growth)

IS Partner Appraisal Document

• social reintegration (prolonged outside visits; facilitating links between prison

and outside)
• accompaniment upon leaving the center (home visits and strengthening
partnerships with employers and educational institutions.)


Small & Medium Enterprise (SME) Trainer for Incarcerated Youth

The DW will work in the area of vocational training and small business development.
The centre will provide training and opportunities for youth to create their own small
enterprises and to apply professional management skills to run small business that will
provide a means to support them and their families once they are released from prison.
The DW will also help to identify and coordinate with businesses that will contract the
youth to work from prison. The earnings from this work will be used to improve the
business training and materials, and establish start up funds that the youth can use to
start their own businesses when they are released. Due to the nature of Qalauma this
post is expected to be more emotionally challenging that the average DW position.

The SME development worker will:
1. Design curriculum and train the youth (and to a lesser degree other educational
staff members) in business planning, production, inventory control, contract
negotiations, bookkeeping, marketing, quality control, time management,
problem solving, human resources skills, labour laws, savings, investments,
bank loans, and other small business skills
2. Accompany the youth in coming up with creative ideas for new businesses,
conducting market research, writing business plans, and producing quality
products for sale in local and international markets
3. Develop a mentorship program where business leaders from the outside
community and more experienced incarcerated youth, support and advise new
youth in their business endeavours
4. Identify key youth that can be trained to run the whole business skills
programme in the future
5. Look for, negotiate production contracts, and coordinate with Bolivian and
foreign companies so that the youth are employed and applying new skills while
in prison
6. Coordinate with other youth technical training centres and develop a plan to
seek accreditation for Qalauma’s training program
7. Work with other educators to contribute to the design of a labour insertion plan
for when the youth are released from prison
8. Motivate, inspire and build the self-confidence of the youth, helping them to find
their voices, express their life experiences and find creative outlets for their

IS Partner Appraisal Document

Construction at Qalauma Carpentry workspace at Qalauma

7. DEVELOPMENT WORKER PROFILE (Person specification)

Educational and professional qualifications:

• At least degree level and preferably masters in business administration,
economics or other related field
• Preferably courses on international development related issues

Work experience
• At least 3 years experience managing a small business (preferably in
one of the Qalauma workshop areas: carpentry, baking, agriculture,
metalworking, crafts)
• Experience teaching, training, mentoring or otherwise working with at
risk youth populations
• Experience in curriculum development, informal education, and
workshop methodologies with an ability to impart trainings to students of
different educational levels
• Course work and experience with conflict resolution, non-violent
communication, mediation, negotiation and/or group problem solving

Language skills
• Good spoken and written Spanish skills
• Willingness to learn basic Indigenous language; Aymara

Personal qualities.
• Flexibility, patience, and strong abilities to cope with emotional stress in
a healthy manner

IS Partner Appraisal Document

• Strong ability to work as part of a team

• Strong ability to inspire trust and responsibility and to mentor
• Strong ability to apply initiative and creativity to resolve problems and
mitigate conflicts
• Compassion and understanding for youth from difficult family situations
and belief in the basic goodness of people and their ability to learn, grow
and change


Qalauma is located on the Bolivian altiplano in the community of Kalajahuira, in the

municipality of Viacha, the province of Ingavi and department of La Paz. The center is
about 30 kilometres from the city of La Paz. It takes about 10 minutes to get to
Qalauma from Viacha, 30min from La Ceja (central point) of El Alto in a private car and
60 minutes by public transport. It takes about 1.5 hours to reach Qalauma from the
center of La Paz by public transport, or one hour in private vehicle. Qalauma is amidst
the barren but striking countryside of the mountainous high planes that are so typical
of the Andean region.

The DW will have the opportunity to live in Viacha or El Alto if they so wish, or in La Paz
centre. The growth of El Alto has allowed it to become a city in its own right (since 1984),
with an estimated population of 825,000 (2006). Emerging from an altitude of 4,000m, it
has a changeable mountainous climate, experiencing substantial differences between day
and night temperatures; 20ºC to 0ºC. Many days are clear blue skies, with strong burning
sunshine, while the nights can be bitterly cold. The rainy season lasts from about late
November to late February. During the coldest months of July and August it is not
uncommon to awake and find a covering of snow in the morning, lasting until the midday
sun melts it.

El Alto hosts the International airport of La Paz, and various other services such as the
air force, its own State University, hospitals, a symphony orchestra, museums and
other cultural centers. It is also an active productive area, where several of the
country’s factories are based (textiles, food, precious metals). Those not employed in
factories are largely found in the informal commercial sector of kiosk street selling. The
city generally moves to the rhythm of the markets, from early morning to late at night.

Initially El Alto served as the middle ground between immigrants arriving from rural
areas, and those already established in La Paz. It was the stop off point for those
seeking ‘’a life in the city’’. Due to lack of work opportunities in La Paz however, El Alto
has established itself as a growing alternative city, with its own council, services and
infrastructure. There are various named zones that make up El Alto, the most important
or well known ones being: La Ceja, Ciudad Satélite, Villa Exaltación, Villa Adela, Villa
Alemania, Villa Dolores, El Kenko, Alto Lima, Senkata and Nuevos Horizontes.

Nearby La Paz is a lively city where traditional culture meets modern technology,
creating an interesting mixture of both Andean customs, and western influences. Most
facilities found in any modern city are also present in La Paz, ranging from modern
shops, sports facilities, cultural and educational events etc.

The position of La Paz, being 3600m above sea level, means that most new arrivals take a
few weeks adjusting to the altitude, and the general steepness of most streets! The
climate is very similar to that of El Alto, with not quite the same coldness at night,

IS Partner Appraisal Document

especially since the houses in La Paz are usually slightly better constructed to contain the

Work hours will be:

Monday to Friday 8:30am to 12:30pm and 2pm to 6:30pm
1 weekend per month to help with cultural or sports events
Occasional night work may be required
The holidays are 20 days to be taken during the year, with approval of MLAL.

View outside of Qalauma

• Appointment for a minimum of two years.
• Living allowance (4500Bolivianos/month, approx. US$600/month)
• Accommodation costs.
• Outfit grant (£500).
• Resettlement grant in relation to length of service (£2100 for 24 months
• Medical costs, personal insurance and medical evacuation cover.
• Volunteer Development Worker Class 2 National Insurance contribution of
eligible or equivalent.
• Travel costs.
• Training costs.
• Twenty days annual leave.