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Sharepoint 2010 Administrator Interview Questions Q. What are the Hardware and Software requirements for SharePoint 2010. Ans. Hardware requirements : # Processor 64-bit, four-core, 2.5 GHz minimum per core. # RAM 4 GB for developer or evaluation use, 8 GB for single server and multiple server farm installation for production use. # Hard disk 80 GB for installation For production use, you need additional free disk space for day-to-day operations. Add twice as much free space as you have RAM for production environments. Software requirements : # The 64-bit edition of Windows Server 2008 Standard with SP2. If you are running Windows Server 2008 without SP2, the Microsoft SharePoint Products and Technologies 2010 Preparation Tool installs Windows Server 2008 SP2 automatically. Q. What Has Changed with SSP in SharePoint 2010. Ans. In SharePoint 2010 Shared Service Providers (SSP's) are replaced by ServiceApplications. Services are no longer combined into a SSP. They are running independent as a service application. The service application architecture is now also built into MicrosoftSharePoint Foundation 2010, in contrast to the Shared Services Provider (SSP) architecture that was only part of Office SharePoint Server 2007. A key benefit here is that all services are installed by default and there is no SSP setup. Additional improvements for the service application model include: The services architecture is extensible, allowing third-party companies to build and addservices to the platform. Services are managed directly in Central Administration (rather than a separate administrationsite). Services can be monitored and managed remotely. Services can be managed and scripted by Windows PowerShell. Shared services communications take place over HTTP(S). Shared services do not
Test results show improvements in network throughput with this change. Much like managed accounts inWindows Server 2008. the concept of managed accounts has been introduced. Q. After SharePoint Server has control of these accounts. By publishing a service application (from the sharing group. site collections.directly access databases across farms. Most new services are built on the Windows Communications Framework. Web sites can be configured to use only the services that are needed. allows a set of services to be associated with a given Web application and a different set of services to be associated with another Web application. They have optimization built into their protocol. The service application architecture on the other hand. it can either manage their passwords ² automatically changing them as necessary ² or it can notify you when an accounts password is about to expire. Similar to the SSP model in Office SharePoint Server 2007. What are the advantages of Service Applications over SSP ? Ans. Q. therefore. What are the Methods of Backup and Recovery in SharePoint 2010? Ans. Q. under Service application tab). and all Web applications associated with the SSP bore the overhead of all theservices even if they weren¶t being used. subsites. . a new SSP would have to be created. Q. What are Managed Accounts? Ans. using binary streams instead of XML for data transfer. allowing you to make the change yourself. This capability does not apply to all service applications. To reduce the load of managing various service accounts in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010. farm configuration information. including the entire farm. To change the service configuration for a particular Web application. they allow SharePoint Server to take control of all the service accounts you use. rather than the entire bank of services. and some services can be shared only within a single server farm. The key limitation of the SSP architecture was that it was configured by using a set ofservices. Can we create a Single set of Services that will be shared across the farm? Ans. Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 provides a broad range of levels for performing backups. you can share it across server farms. Also. the same service application can be configured differently in different Web applications. a single set of services can be shared by all sites in a farm.
What is a workflow? What are the types of workflow that you can design in SharePoint 2010.or lists. and list level. 1. SharePoint administrators will have more granular control of options for the backup or restore. With Windows PowerShell. Reusable List Workflows and Site workflows . (see the Image below) 2. One of the parameters of the Windows PowerShell command will cause a SQL snapshot to be generated. and then Windows PowerShell will run the action against the snapshot instead of the production database. SharePoint Server 2010 provides several new features that provide a granular level of backup for various components of site content. Windows PowerShell : Windows PowerShell is a command line tool that provides SharePoint administrators a way to perform backup and recovery with additional options such as file compression or working with SQL snapshots. How to Export a Site or List in SharePoint 2010? Ans. This will reduce the resource impact of the backup operation on the production environment.The administrators can also choose to export security and select the different versions that will be exported with the list. Listed below are a few of the benefits available when working with Windows PowerShell: Windows PowerShell scripts can be developed and scheduled (with Windows Task Scheduler). Through Central Administration(Granular level Back-up) a SharePoint Administrator can configure a backup of a subsite or list. An Administrator can choose a site and a specific list to be exported. Central Administration : Central Administration provides a user interface where SharePoint Administrators will be prompted via menu structures to select the information that needs to be backed up. SharePoint Server 2010 uses two different tools to configure backup and recovery. subsite. This includes content at the site. Q. whereas Central Administration is used for single-use backups and restores. List Workflows. Windows PowerShell has the advantage of running against SQL snapshots instead of the production database.
or content type in the site collection. 1. such as Created and Modified by. by default. (see the Image below) . Task form ± A custom task form allows workflow participants to interact with tasks in the Tasks list specified for the workflow. Events Actions Conditions What are the Types of forms associated with the workflow ? 1. They are stored on the SharePoint site with the workflow source files. library. Initiation form ± An initiation form gathers information from the workflow participant when they start the workflow. only provides the fields common to all items. click the form you want to customize. 3. When are these forms get created ? And how do you customize it ? Ans. in the Forms section. you can easily create custom form fields and add them to a custom task form. but you can customize them by going to the settings page for the workflow. Site workflows -is associated to a site Can you modify the Out-of-Box workflows in SharePoint 2010 ? In SharePoint 2010. or lists. library. What Has Changed with SSP in SharePoint 2010. you have an option to customize the Out-of-Box workflows. In SharePoint 2010 Shared Service Providers (SSP's) are replaced by Service Applications Q. 2. With the Custom Task Wizard. or content type. Reusable workflow ± association form ± A reusable workflow. Central Administration : Central Administration provides a user interface where SharePoint Administrators will be prompted via menu structures to select the information that needs to be backed up. Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 provides a broad range of levels for performing backups.NET pages. subsites. This is because a reusable workflow isn¶t by default associated with a list. What are the Methods of Backup and Recovery in SharePoint 2010? Ans.Reusable List Workflows ± Workflow can be associated to any list. Workflow forms are either InfoPath or ASP. Administrator What are the Hardware and Software requirements for SharePoint 2010. When you finish designing the workflow. SharePoint Server 2010 uses two different tools to configure backup and recovery. SharePoint Designer 2010 automatically generates the forms. including the entire farm. An association form enables you to associate fields with a reusable workflow so that the fields will be available when you design and run the workflow. SharePoint Designer 2010 automatically generates the InfoPath or ASP. farm configuration information.NET forms for your custom tasks. site collections.
2.Claims based authentication is based on identity. What is Enterprise Metadata Management? Enterprise metadata management (EMM) is a set of features introduced in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 that enable taxonomists. SharePoint Server 2010 provides several new features that provide a granular level of backup for various components of site content. librarians. and deleting data from external systems(for e. Cross-Site Scripting . updating. SharePoint runs in a special process that has limited permissions. Q. and trust. Code Access Security . An Administrator can choose a site and a specific list to be exported. In SharePoint 2010 a variety of security methods have been introduced.Site Scripting (XSS) attacks Q. Claims-Based Authentication . How to Export a Site or List in SharePoint 2010? Ans. Q.Introduced to prevent Cross .g.The administrators can also choose to export security and select the different versions that will be exported with the list. and administrators to create and manage terms and sets of terms across the enterprise. This includes content at the site.Sandbox Solutions which when deployed to the server. data from ERP or CRM database). services and tools that streamline development of solutions with deep integration of external data and services. and list level. What is Business Connectivity Services in SharePoint ? Ans. Whats New with SharePoint WebParts? . Windows PowerShell : Windows PowerShell is a command line tool that provides SharePoint administrators a way to perform backup and recovery with additional options such as file compression or working with SQL snapshots.in which you can specify your own code access security (CAS) policy for your web parts. General What are the security improvements in SharePoint 2010 ? Ans. BCS enhances the SharePoint platform¶s capabilities with out-of-box features. editing. subsite.SharePoint 2010 provides a new set of technologies known as Business Connectivity Services for retrieving. Sandbox Solutions . Through Central Administration(Granular level Back-up) a SharePoint Administrator can configure a backup of a subsite or list.
5. List defination template. This webpart inherits from standard ASP. and debugging features that help increase your efficiency as a SharePoint 2010 developer. Users can deploy the below four things as sandboxed soultions : 1. 3.Allows you to Drag and Drop the controls from the Toolbox to WebPart Design surface. Visual Webparts . List Definations. 2. You do not have designer for drag and drop of controls. Note : The Visual Webpart project Item basically loads a User Control as a WebPart.Net webpart. This means that the existing sites\pages or components will not be effected by the newly added soultion. Event Receiver template. The views are split view. Q. This environment means that users can upload their own custom solutions without requiring intervention from administrators. the Site Definition template and many more. Some of the Templates avaiable are : 1. Event Receivers. .. What are SharePoint Sandboxed soultions ? Ans. 4.Where a developer can build up User Interface and logic in a class file. Visual Studio 2010 includes SharePoint-specific project types and project item types. Ans. Workflows. 1. 7. SharePoint 2010 provides a new sandboxed environment that enables you to run user solutions without affecting the rest of the SharePoint farm. What are Requirenments for SharePoint 2010. Empty Project template. design view and Source view(as we have in designer 2007). For Deployment we can again use ctrl+f5 to deploy this webpart. and without putting the rest of the farm at risk. ASP. Q. WebParts. You can also package and deploy your webparts directly to Sharepoint from VS by pressing Clt+F5..Visual Web Part project template. Content Type template. What are the Visual Studio 2010 Tools for SharePoint.. 6. 4. You can of course write your custom code in the code file. and includes powerful packaging. some workflow template.A developer can create two types of webparts using Visual Studio 2010.Net WebParts . deployment. 3. Visual studio 2010 also provides you with three different views for developing webparts. 2. 2.
gives you intellisense support in Visual Studio and defines a unified.SharePoint. Whats Ribbon in SharePoint 2010? Ans. A New property DeliveryChannels is introduced to indicate. In addition to this. The LINQ to SharePoint Provider is defined in the Microsoft.Using LookUp Column Q. SharePoint Server 2010 will support only 64 . In SharePoint 2007. See the Post Ribbon in SharePoint 2010 Q . It translates LINQ queries into Collaborative Application Markup Language (CAML) queries. LINQ can be used to query. What is LINQ. SQL like syntax to query any data source.bit. . alerts were send only through e-mails.NET. Q. What Changes are made in SharePoint 2010 to enforce Referential Integrity? Ans. Whats New in SPALerts ? Ans.Linq namespace. supports compile-time check. it will require 64 bit version of SQL Server 2008 or 64-bit version of SQL Server 2005. Referential Integrity is enforced using two options. While creating a Look-up column.0 and Visual Basic . It is commonly used to query objects collections. whether the alert is delivered as E-mail or as an SMS Message.Ans. How is it used in Sharepoint ? Ans. but in SP2010 users can also send an alert to mobile devices as SMS Message. any data source whatsoever. But unlike other languages and query syntaxes which vary from one type of data source to another. In SharePoint 2010. available with Look-up columns. in principle. LINQ allows you to query in an object-oriented way. Q. LINQ is a feature of the programming languages C# 3. you can either choose a) Restrict Delete or b) Cascade Delete to define a relationship between the Look-up list and the list containing the look-up Column. XML and SQL server data sources. It will require 64 bit Windows Server 2008 or 64 bit Windows Server 2008 R2. Read Details at SharePoint 2010 Referential integrity .