This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Stopping distance is the distance that something travels before it comes to a stop. It normally refers to a car applying the brakes when the driver who sees a hazard ahead. Once he has seen the hazard, how far will the car travel before it comes to a stop? It involves two things:

=

+

Thinking Distance

This is how far the car will travel between (a) when the driver has seen the hazard, and (b) when the driver puts his foot on the brake. In other words, the car is not slowing down yet. Sometimes we talk about thinking time, or reaction time. It is important not to get this confused with thinking distance. Complete the following table, working out the thinking distance of a driver at various speeds. Use as a thinking time the reaction time of an average young adult, 215 milliseconds. It is useful first to convert the speeds from mph into ms-1. Speed / mph 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Speed / ms-1

What affects reaction times?

Thinking Distance / m

Stopping Distance P2

What affects braking distance?

Braking Distance

This is the distance travelled by the car between when (a) the driver puts his foot on the brake and (b) the car stops. In other words, while the car is slowing down; after the thinking distance. Braking distance is not proportional to the car’s speed; as your speed increases, the braking distance can get very large very quickly.

Stopping Distance

We can work out stopping distance by adding the thinking distance to the braking distance. Copy your values of thinking distance from the previous question, then complete the following table to show the stopping distance of a car at various speeds. Speed / mph 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Thinking Distance /m Braking Distance /m 14 24 38 55 75 98 123 Stopping Distance /m

Now plot a graph of Stopping distance (in m, on the y-axis) against speed (in mph, on the xaxis). What does the graph tell you?

- Young's Double Slit Qs
- Young's Double Slit Experiment
- Young's Double Slit Experiment [Handout]
- Wave Basics
- Introduction to Waves
- Terminal Velocity Examples
- Acceleration Calculations
- Velocity and Acceleration
- The Human Bird
- Suvat Equivalents - 2nd Qs Sheet
- Suvat Equivalents - 1st Qs Sheet
- Angular Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration
- P1 Equation Practice
- Radiation Qs
- Infrared Presentation
- Infrared Radiation Notes
- Convection Comic
- Conduction
- Photoelectric Effect Presentation
- Types of Energy
- Scales of Energy
- Sankey Diagram More Qs
- Sankey Diagram Qs
- Sankey Diagrams

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot useful- Young's Double Slit Qs
- Young's Double Slit Experiment
- Young's Double Slit Experiment [Handout]
- Wave Basics
- Introduction to Waves
- Terminal Velocity Examples
- Acceleration Calculations
- Velocity and Acceleration
- The Human Bird
- Suvat Equivalents - 2nd Qs Sheet
- Suvat Equivalents - 1st Qs Sheet
- Angular Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration
- P1 Equation Practice
- Radiation Qs
- Infrared Presentation
- Infrared Radiation Notes
- Convection Comic
- Conduction
- Photoelectric Effect Presentation
- Types of Energy
- Scales of Energy
- Sankey Diagram More Qs
- Sankey Diagram Qs
- Sankey Diagrams
- Energy Transformation Qs (p14 of Energy Qs)
- Simple Energy Flow
- Energy Types Qs (p10 of Energy Qs)
- Useful Energy and Wasted Energy
- Scales of Energy