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A LITLE INDIAN COOKBOOK
Indian cuisine is a rich profusion of eating habits. Along with the
fragrance of jasmine and roses comes the heady aroma of the
spice mixtures that are so inextricably immersed in the cooking
of India. whatever the religious or cultural diversity. This selection
promises a fruitful glimpse into the Indian kitchen with an
explanation of spices and spice mixes such as garam masa/a, the
mix for curries, and recipes for dishes with exotic names and
tastes: Chicken from the Four Minarets, from Hyderabad,
Mulligatawny, an Anglo-Indian legacy, Tarka Dhal, the lentil dish
that is the mainspring of daily food. and Mango Cups made with
fruit from the Lord Shiva's tree.
ISSN 0-86281-327-1
`¸¸e.ss 9
!1�n7"x13277 >
First published in 1992 by
The Appletree Press Ltd,
19-2 1 Alfre Su-eet,
Betfast BT2 BDL
Tel: +14 2 32 2 43 074 F: +<4 2 32 246 756
Copyright ' 1 992 The Appletree Press Ltd.
Printed in the E.C. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced
or transmitted i n any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical. photocopying.
recording or any information and retrieval
system. without permission in writing
from the publisher.
A Little Indian Cookbook
A catalogue record for this book is available
from the British Library.
ISBN 0-B62BI- 327-1
9B7654 3 2 1
Introduction
"Namaste", which means "hello", "goodbye", or even "how are
you?" denotes gentle respect. The folded hands indicate the
grace and welcome to be encountered all over India. The
mystery and beauty of India is 5000 years old: land peopled by
a hundred races, speaking a hundred tongues. Give each its due
cultural and religious influences and let the centuries roll on to
provide a rich profusion of eating habits, each a little
different, each just a little more exotic that the other. The
unforgettable aroma of India is not just the heavy scent of
jasmine and roses. It is also the fragrance of the spices that
are so important to Indian cooking. Although the word
"curry" is an English derivative of kari (which means spice
sauce), today, with Indians widely spread in western countries,
some good commercial curry powders and pastes are available
on the market. These are usually blends of spices such as
turmeric, cardamom, ginger, coriander, nutmeg. cinnamon and
many more. Indian Bawarchis (master chefs), however, using
their own individual spice mixes, create dishes as artists use
a palette of colours. No other country can provide such a
diverse spectrum of foods or promise a gastronomic adventure
qUite like India.
The amount of chilli, whether fre' sh or powder, can be
adjusted, Where store-bought masalas (curry spice mixes)
have been used, it is to simplify the reCipe, These are Widely
available in groceries or can be obtained by mail order from
various sources including my own shop, Rafi's Spice Box, 48,
Gaol Lane, Sudbury, Suffolk, COlO 6JL, U.K.
3
The Modern Indian Kitchen
Today several commercial brands offer prepared masalas
(blended spice mix) in powder and paste form and I find these
a great boon. Test different brands [0 find your preference.
Varieties of mosala mixes
Kashmiri Mild or hot curry
Green Madras
Garam
Tikka
Tandoori
Kebab
Biryani
Other useful pastes
Pasanda
Bhuna
Roghan Josh
Vindaloo
Dhansak
If possible, obtain the following pastes in Indian or Chinese
brands as they are pure with no additives. Once opened, they
will keep in the fridge for up to three weeks or they can be
divided into portions and frozen.
Ginger Garlic
Coriander Red or green chilli
Mixed ginger, garliC and green chilli
Other ingredients
It is also possible to obtain commercial deep-fried onion, a
great time saver, with 20z/S0g equalling I large raw onion.
Curry leaves (Kar;yapath) and coriander leaves (Kotm;r) are
available, fresh or dried. (Fresh leaves can be washed, dried and
open-frozen.)
4
��
-
,
,
-
,
Coconut milk (Nariyal doodh) is available in tins, powder
form or in cream blocks. To obtain 6 f oz/175ml thick
coconut milk add 30z/75g coconut cream to 6 f oz/175ml
bOiling water. To obtain 6 f oz/175ml thin coconut milk, add
I oz/25g coconut cream to 6 f oz/175ml boiling water.
Gram flour is flour made from split peas. Gram or dhals are
pulses -red lentils, moong beans, and so on. The former is the
whole grain seed and the latter come in split form and are
sometimes washed and husked.
Khushka/Chawal
Plain Boiled Rice
Freshly-boiled rice is cooked daily all over India but favoured
more in South India. Rice, the ancient sages of India believed,
is a gift of the gods, and its preparation is a form of prayer.
12 oz/350g/I '/z cups Patna ar Basmati rice
/8 f az/500m1/3 cups water
I tsp butter, vegetable ar alive ail
'/ tsp salt or ta taste
Pick and wash the rice in several changes of wa ter. Allow to
soak for 30 minutes (if possible) for fluffier, cooked grains.
Drain well and put the rice in a heavy pan which has a tight­
fitting lid. Add the measured water, butter or oil and salt.
Bring to boil, turn the heat to very low, cover and cook for
12-15 minutes. To serve, loosen the rice with a flat slotted
spoon to release the steam and prevent damaging the grains.
7
Bhaghara Khushka (Pulao Rice)
First saute the drained rice in butter or oil with '/2 tsp black
cumin seeds, I in piece of cinnamon stick, 2 green cardamoms
and 2 bay leaves. Add the water and salt and proceed as for
plain boiled rice.
When the rice is cooked, lift the lid and pour the food
colour of your choice mixed in a little milk on the surface of
the rice at random. Cover the pan and rest for 5 minutes
before serving as above. Garnish with browned onions and
almond flakes.
Naan
Leavened Bread
The variety of Indian breads is infinite but the noon is by far
the most popular one in the western world. Although,
traditionally, they are baked in a tandoor (clay oven), they are
just as delicious baked in an ordinary oven.
f tsp sugar
I tsp fresh or dried yeast
5 fl az/ISOml warm water
Baz/100g plain flour
3az/7Sg melted ghee or
unsalted butter
I tsp salt
I egg yolk beaten or
a little milk
1 tsp pappy/onion/sesame
seeds (or mixed)
Place the sugar, yeast and warm water in a cup. Whisk well
and rest until it turns frothy. Sieve the flour and salt. Make
a well and pour in the yeast mixture along with the ghee or
butter. Mix together with your fingers. Now rub your palms
with a little ghee or butter and make a smooth and soft dough.
Knead for about 5 minutes. Rest dough covered for 2 hours
8
or more to rise. Divide into 6 portions and gently rollout on
a lightly floured surface. Brush with egg or milk and sprinkle
on the seeds. Place on greased baking tray and bake for lO­
IS minutes in a pre-heated oven gas mark 8, 4S0"F. 230"C
Serve immediately or keep warm wrapped in tinfoil.
Gosht Biryani
Rice Layered with Meat
Id-ul-Fitrmarks the end of the Ramazan fast at the appearance
of the new moon. Fitr means five pounds of grain which is
distributed to the poor. Biryani is truly a jewel made for a
royal treat and therefore a favourite with the Noobs of
Hyderabad. Served with Egg and Tomato Curry (p. 40) and a
raitha (p. 12), it cannot fail to please.
5 fl oz/150ml milk
I sachet saffron powder
6 tbsp lemon juice
4 green chillies, finely chopped
4 oz/100g fresh coriander,
chopped
5 fl oz/150ml natural yogurt,
beaten
- tbsp biryani masala
2 tbsp garam masala
I tsp turmeric powder
salt to taste and I tsp sugar
21bs/900g cubed lomb or boned
chicken
I lb/450g Bosmoti rice
I tsp black cumin seeds
4 green cardamoms
2 in cinnamon stick
6 tbsp melted ghee or unsalted
butter
Mix the milk and saffron and keep aside. Mix the next 8 items
and marinade the lamb or chicken in it for 4-6 hours. Gently
cook it for 4S minutes in a heavy pan. MeanwhHe, wash the
rice and cook with whole spices in boiling water until the
grains are a quarter done. Drain.
I I
Grease the base of a heavy pan and place half the rice in an
even but loose layer. Spread the cooked meat mixture with
all the juices over the rice. Spread the remaining rice over this
in a loose neat layer. Pour the saffron milk over the rice at
random spots. Finally pour the ghee or butter over the rice.
Grease a circular piece of foil (the size of the pan) and place
it greased side down on the rice. Cover the pan and cook on
low to medium heat for about 20 minutes or until the rice is
fluffy. Gently toss the rice and meat together before serving.
Raitha
Yogurt, Mint ond Cucumber Solod
10 (I oz/300ml natural yogurt, beaten
2 tsp mint sauce (or to taste)
solt ond sugor to taste
4oz/IOOg cucumber, thinly sliced
,/, tsp paprika
fresh mint leaves for garnish
Mix the first four ingredients gently together and chill.
Garnish with paprika and mint leaves and serve.
12
RoghanJosh
Lamb in a Deep Red Sauce
A visit to Kashmir is incomplete until you have stayed on a
houseboat on the beautiful Dallake and eaten meals cooked
by the khansaba (cook) on the kitchen boat which travels
alongside the main houseboat.
I tbsp ghee or vegetable oil
'/ tsp asafoetida powder
I lb/450g cubed leon lomb
5 fI oz/150ml natural yogurt
beaten with '/1 tsp corflour
2 tbsp roghan josh
f tsp kashmiri masala
I tsp garam masala
8-/0 saffron strands or
f sachet powdered saffron
'/2 tsp sugar
salt to taste
4 tbsp tomato puree
blanched almond flakes
for garnish
Heat the ghee or oil in a heavy pan and fry the asafoetida and
lamb on a medium heat until the meat pieces are sealed.
Remove from the heat and cool a little. Fold in the yogurt and
return to the heat and cook until the yogurt is absorbed. Add
the remaining ingredients except the garnish and cook until
the meat is tender and the gravy almost dry. Garnish with the
almond flakes and serve hot. If you p· refer a hotter curry
(phool), then add 2 tsp chilli powder with the mosolos to the
above recipe and you will achieve the hottest curry available
in restaurants.
15
Raf's Pareral
Dry Meat Curry
This recipe is dedicated to all my pupils who love it, especially
Peter who made double batches in his wok that looked like
a volcano erupting. It is truly a "Rafi" invention for those who
like it hot.
/'/1 tsp chilli powder (or adjust to taste)
2 tbsp madras curry powder
I tsp turmeric powder
salt to taste
3 tbsp vegetable oil
2 large onions, finely sliced
2 tsp ginger, garlic and chilli paste
8 curry leaves
I lb/450g cubed lean lamb ar beef
6 fl az/175ml thick cacanut milk (p. 7)
.Boz/200g tinned chopped tomatoes
Mix the first 4 ingredients with 6 tablespoons water to a
smooth paste. Heat the oil in a heavy pan and fry the onions
until golden brown. Add the ginger, garlic and chilli paste,
curry leaves and the spice paste and fry until the oil rises above
the mosa/a. Add the meat and fry until evenly sealed. Lower
the heat, cover the pan and simmer for about 45 minutes. Add
the coconut milk and toma toes and mix well. Simmer gently
until the meat is fully cooked. Serve hot with plain rice.
16
Gosht Surmahi
Lamb with Fenugreek Leaves
The Kolhapuri people's food is rich, heavy in meat and full of
red Sankeshwari chillies. Their ingenuity in cooking meat in
a variety of pungent gravies is legendary and, although the
palaces are now empty, the food has a nostalgic royal air
about it.
2 Ib/900g spring lamb, cubed
5 green cardamoms
1 black cardamoms
2 in piece cinnamon stick
4 boy leaves
Puree:
2az/50g fresh ginger
6 doves garlic
2 medium-sized onions
10 fresh red chillies
14az/400g 'inned chapped 'ama'aes
4oz/100g kasoor; meth; (dried fenugreek leaves)
salt to taste
Place the first 5 ingredients in a heavy pan and cover with cold
water. Bring to the boil and simmer until the water has nearly
evaporated, skimming any froth jf necessary. Fold in the
remaining ingredients and gently cook until the lamb is fully
cooked and the gravy thick. about 1112 hours.
19
Buhari Goshr
Madras-style Meat
Being locked up in a convent in Madras with a day pass only
twice a year meant that the first destination pupils went to
when outside was a Buhari restaurant. The Muslim chef from
Southern India prepared this delicious gosht and let us eat as
much as we CQuld, with unlimited boiled rice.
4 tbsp vegetable ail
f lorge onion, finely sliced
4 each of cloves and green cardamoms
4 each of fresh green and dry red chillies, chapped
I tsp turmeric powder
4 tbsp bhuna masala
I lb/450g lamb chaps
400g/14az tinned chapped tomatoes
salt to taste and a pinch of sugar
fresh coriander, chopped
Heat the oil in a heavy pan and fry the onion. cloves,
cardamoms and chillies until the onions are brown. Add the
turmeric. bhuna masala and chops. Saute until all the chops are
evenly sealed. Cover the pan and simmer on a very low hea t
for about 10 minutes. Add the remaining ingredients, reserving
a little of the coriander for garnish. Cook until the chops are
fully done. Garnish and serve hot. Sprinkle a little lemon juice
over the meat if you wish.
20
I
Galina Xacutti
Goon Chicken
It is difficult, with just one recipe, to lead you into the sanctum
of Goan (now Panjim) cuisine. The method of eating is both
a meal and a ritual. The local men start drinking feni, a potent
cashew liquor, in the afternoon to set the pace and mood for
the pungent and spicy food that follows.
6oz/150gl/l cup desiccoted
coconut
1 tsp each cumin, coriander
and mustard seeds
4 cloves garlic and I in
fresh ginger
4 cloves and 8 peppercors
6 whole dry red chillies
I tsp five-spice powder
f onion, chopped
4 tbsp oil
2 onions, finely sliced
f tsp turmeric
salt to taste and a
pinch of sugar
3 Ib/I.5 kg chicken,
skinned and jointed
9 fl oz/250ml thick
coconut milk
4 tbsp tomato puree
I tsp freshly-groted nutmeg
Dry-roast the first 7 items in a frying pan until the onion and
desicca ted coconut are a deep golden brown. Grind all of
these in a processor to a smooth paste and reserve. Heat the
oil and fry the sliced onions until brown. Add the masa/a paste,
turmeric and salt. Fry for 2-3 minutes. Add the chicken and
remaining ingredients. Bring to the boil, then simmer until the
chicken is cooked and the gravy Is thick.
23
Mulligatawny
Anglo-Indian Stew
An Indian mini-Amsterdam, eachin is a complex of islands and
towns linked by bridges and ferries influenced by the past -
Dutch - and the present. The original mulla-ga-tan; changed.
through the Dutch influence, with addition of meats, coconut
milk and tomatoes.
I pt/600ml chicken or vegetable stock
I onian, finely chopped
8 oz/200g fresh or tinned tomatoes, chopped
I tsp each garlic and ginger paste
2 ;n/2.5 em cinnamon stick
6-8 curry leaves
I tsp each coriander and cumin powder
'/1 tsp fenugreek powder or 8-/0 fenugreek seeds
9 fl oz/250ml thick coconut milk
3 Ib/I.5 kg boned chicken pieces or
2 Ib/900g row king prawns, shelled and de veined
f onion, finely sliced and deep-fried
4 tbsp lemon juice
salt to taste
a handful of fresh coriander leaves, chopped
Place the first 10 items in a large pan and bring to the boil.
Simmer for about 10 minutes. Add the chicken or prawns and
simmer until they are cooked (prawns reqUire less cooking
time). Fold in the remaining ingredients and serve hot.
Murgh Char Minar
Chicken from the Four Minarets
Hyderabad, my home town, has a rich and varied three­
hundred-year-old history during which the Mughlai and Andhra
menus have jostled side by side in unparalleled exotica. This
merging of cultures is unmatched anywhere else in India.
I tbsp vegetable ail
8az/200g anian, finely chapped
2az/SOg each fresh chapped ginger and garlic paste
8oz/200g lean lamb or beef mince
I tbsp green masala
7 fl oz/200ml natural set yogurt
4 hard-boiled eggs, coarsely chopped
4oz/IOOg blanched flaked almonds
2 tsp salt
3 Ib/1 kg oven-ready chicken
I sachet powdered saffron
Heat the oil on medium heat and fry the onions, ginger and
garlic until the onions are translucent. Add the mince, green
mosala and half the yogurt and mix well. Cook until the mince
is half done. Remove from the hea t. Fold in the chopped eggs,
half the flaked almond and I tsp salt. Stuff this mixture inside
the chicken and tie or skewer the openings. Mix the remaining
yogurt with the saffron and spread over the outside of the
chicken. Sprinkle with the remaining salt. Roast in a pre­
heated oven at gas mark 3, 350"F, IBO'C, allowing 15-20
minutes per pound. Rest chicken for 5 minutes before carving.
Serve hot garnished with the remaining almonds and a crisp
green salad.
27
Murgh Tika Masala
Chicken Kebabs with Sauce
The cuisine of the Punjab is known for being rich in protein and
fats - both of which are necessary to keep the Punjabi
temperament going at full steam. Punjabi cooking has been to
concoct mouthwatering dishes many of which have reached
the west, gaining immediate popularity.
4 tbsp tikka masala
4 oz/125g natural yogurt
salt to taste
I tsp sugar
4 chicken breasts, skinned, boned and cubed
Sauce:
2 tbsp tikk. mas. I.
4 az/125g natural yogurt
3 (I az/75ml double cream
I tsp sugar
juices collected in grill tray
Mix the first 4 ingredients and marinade the chicken for I hOUf,
or longer if possible. Grill under medium heat, resting chicken
on a mesh grid or on skewers. Baste and turn the chicken
pieces over and grill until well-cooked with burnt spots. Keep
hot. To make the sauce, mix all the ingredients in a small pan.
Gently heat, stirring constantly to avoid curdling. When the
sauce is smooth, the oil will float. Adjust seasoning if
necessary. Pour over chicken and serve with rice or naan (p.
8) and. green s.lad.
28


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Murgh ka Sal an
Bhari-style Chicken
Festive Muslim bhori dinners are served on the floor on a dastar
khan-a white linen cloth which has been delicately decorated
with raw grains. fower petals and greenery. When the meal
is over, all of the decorations are thrown into a river, lake or
well.
4 tbsp vegetable oil
2 medium onions, finely sliced
I tsp garam masala
4 tsp bhuna masala
I tsp turmeric powder
5 fl oz/150ml water
3 Ib/I.5 kg chicken (remove
sk in and bone if you wish)
2 tbsp tomato puree
9 n oz/275g tinned tomatoes
6 n oz/175ml thick
coconut milk (p. 7)
salt to taste
Heat the oil and fry the onions until golden brown. In the
meantime mix the mosalas and turmeric with the water.
When the onions are brown add the masalas and fry for 3-5
minutes. Add the chicken and fry until evenly coloured. Add
the remaining ingredients, mix well, lower the heat and cook
covered until the chicken is done. Serve hot. (Fold in 1/2 tsp
sugar If you wish before serving.)
31
Dhansak
Hot, Sweet and Sour Potpourri
Parsis came to India from Persia bringing their own culinary
genius. A reporter found a young student who read the
newspaper marriage columns and thereby attended 150 Parsi
feasts during his 3 years at university in Bombay.
2oz/50g each red gram (tuwar), Bengal gram (channa)
green gram (moong) and red lentils (masoor)
4 fresh mint leaves or 1/2 tsp mint sauce
12 fl oz/350ml water
I large aubergine, potato and carrot
4oz/IDOg deep-fried onions
f oz/Z5g dried fenugreek leaves
4 tbsp vegetable ail
3 tsp each of ginger, garlic, green chilli paste
3 tbsp dhansak masala
4oz/IOOg fresh coriander, chopped
I lb/450g chicken portions or raw king prawns
4 tbsp lemon juice
salt to taste and' tsp sugar
Place the first 6 items in a heavy pan and bring to the boil.
Simmer until the lentils and vegetables are soft and can be
mashed with a wooden spoon. Reserve. In a separate pan heat
the oil and fry the spices and masa/a, coriander and chicken
pieces. When the chicken pieces are sealed add the lentil and
vegetable sauce and simmer until the chicken is cooked. Add
the lemon juice and seasoning and serve hot with Baghara
Khushka (p. 8). If you use prawns, reduce the cooking time.
32
\
Porcheri
South Indian Vegetable Stew
Udipi, Vihar and Bhavan are generic names for South Indian
vegetarian restaurants where food is served on banana leaves.
As you unfold the banana leaf and get ready to eat, remember
to sprinkle your leaf with water from the glass already set
out. The waiter will not serve you until this cleansing rItual
has been completed.
8oz/200g Bengol grom (channa dhal)
400g/l lb cut mixed vegetobles of your choice
1'/, tsp chilli powder
I tsp turmeric powder
saft to toste
2 tsp soft brown sugar
Boz/200g desiccated coconut
4 tbsp coconut or vegetable oil
I tsp each mustard and cumin seeds
6-8 curry leaves
Cook the dhol with plenty of water until soft. Drain and
reserve the water. Gently mash the dhafwith a wooden spoon
and keep aside. Cook the vegetables in the reserved water
with chilli and turmerIc powder, salt, sugar and half the
coconut. When the vegetables are done add the dha/ and
gently fold together. Heat the oil and fry the seeds, curry
leaves and remaining coconut until the coconut is light brown.
Pour all this over the vegetable and dha/ and mix well. Reheat
the whole mixture and serve hot.
35
Gucci Mattar Paneer
Mushroom, Peas and Cheese Curry
In Rajasthan Teej Mala (Festival of Devi) is essentially for
women and in particular mothers and their daughters-in-law.
Devi, the wife of Lord Shiva, is worshipped for two days to
obtain her gratitude and to give her adoration. Only
vegetarian dishes are cooked by the daughters-in-law to
remain in the grace and favour of the mothers-in-law. Feta
can be used as a substitute for paneer.
Puree:
Boz/200g tinned tomatoes
I tsp each ginger and
garlic paste
6 green chillies
I tsp pasanda masala
6 fl oz/150ml double cream
'/2 tsp cornflour
I small onion
4 tbsp ghee or vegetable oil
I tsp nigel/o seeds (ajwain)
Boz/200g button
mushrooms, halved
Boz/200g garden peas
Boz/200g paneer, cubed and
fried until golden
handful of fresh coriander
leaves, chopped
Heat the ghee or oil and fry the nigella seeds. Add the pureed
masala and saute over medium heat stirring constantly. Fold
in the mushrooms, peas and paneer. Simmer for IS minutes.
Garnish with the coriander leaves and serve hot.
36
Dahi-ni-Kari
Yogurt Curry
Masters of vegetarian cooking, Gujeratis make, in an endless
procession, a variety of mouth-watering dishes from the
simplest lentils and vegetables.
Iloz/350g noturol yogurt, beaten
4 (I oz/115ml thin coconut milk
4 tbsp gram flour mixed in li cup water
'/1 tsp each turmeric and chilli powder
salt to toste and '/1 tsp sugar
IOoz/lBOg corn kernel, with peppers
4 tb,p vegetable oil
4 whole dried red chillies
I tsp cumin seeds
2 cloves garlic, crushed
6-8 curry leaves
1/4 tsp asafoetida
Mix the first 5 items and pass through a sieve. Add corn and
peppers and on a low heat cook the mixture until the sauce
is smooth and thick. Set aside. Heat the all and fry the
remaining ingredients until the garliC turns golden brown.
Pour the oil and spices over the yogurt sauce and cover the
pan to infuse. Gently re-heat and serve plain or compliment
with Bhojia, (p. 43). If you are adding the Bhojio, allow them
to simmer in the curry for 5 minutes before serving.
39
Ade aur Tamarar ka Cut
Egg and Tomato Curry
This dish originated in the Deccan and the Dokhnis love their
food hot. Traditionally served with Biryan; (p. II). you can add
vegetables of your choice to make an even more wholesome
dish.
f '/1 pts tomato juice
2 Cz/SOg coconut creom
4 tbsp gram ffour (besan) mixed in C little woter
1 tsp kashmiri masala
I tsp garam masala
soft to taste and '/1 Up sugar
2 tsp each vegetable oil and sesame oil
I tsp cumin seeds
4 whole dried red chillies
6 curry leaves
4 cloves garlic, sliced
'/4 tsp asafoetida
4 hard-bailed eggs, halved
browned onions and fresh coriander for garnish
Mix the first 6 items in a large pan and gently heat until the
coconut has dissolved. In a frying pan heat the oils and fry the
remaining ingredients except the eggs and garnish. When the
garlic slices are a deep golden brown, pour everything over
the tomato mixture and cover to allow the spice aroma to
infuse. Reheat gently, float the halved eggs on top and garnish
with browned onions and coriander and serve hot.
40
'
I (
Bhajias
Savoury Fritters
At Navratri, the festival of Nine Nights during which Durga,
the warrior goddess, is worshipped, people only eat light
snacks like bhajias, samosas, pakoras, etc. India seems to have
more snacks than any other country in the world.
Boz/200g grom flour (es.n or ch.nn •• cta)
I tsp baking powder
salt to taste
//1 tsp each turmeric and chilli powder
'/ tsp each onion, nigel/a, cumin and fennel seeds, coarsely
ground
2 green chillies, finely chopped
handful of fresh coriander leaves, chopped
2 large onions, finely sliced
Sieve the first 4 items in a large mixing bowl. Add the
remaining ingredients and toss. Gradually add water and, using
your hand, mix the ingredients in until you have folded in all
the dry flour and have a thick dropping consistency batter.
Heat sufficient oil for deep-frying and, when smoking hot,
drop spoonfuls of the mixture and fry until golden brown.
Drain well and serve or use in Dahi-ni-Kari (p. 39).
43
Rnganano 010
Stuffed Aubergine
Sun and sand colour the lives of the Kutch, people whose
lifestyle is very much a result of their desert environment.
The cuisine is innovative through necessity and vegetable
dishes are available only when the supply comes in from
neighbouring states.
2 large deep purple aubergines
4 tbsp vegetable ail
I tsp each mustard and
cumin seeds
Boz/100g spring onions,
finely chapped
I tsp chilli powder
I tsp each turmeric and
coriander powder
salt to taste
I/z tsp sugar
Wash and wipe the aubergines without trimming the tails.
Using I teaspoon oil rub the aubergines all over and bake in a
moderately hot oven until the skins blacken. Remove, but
leave the oven on a low setting. When the aubergines are cool
to handle cut in half and scoop out the white pulp. Return the
cases on a greased tray to the oven. Mash the pulp coarsely
and reserve. Heat the remaining oil and fry the seeds and
spring onions for 2-3 minutes. Add the remaining Ingredients
and the mashed pulp. Mix well. Re-fill the aubergine cases with
the spiced pulp and return to the oven for about 20 minutes.
This can also be served as a starter garnished with lemon
wedges.
44
Tarka Dhal
Lentils Seasoned with Hot Oil and Spices
Rice and dhal are the mainsprings of the working man's diet.
In Varanasi, one of India's oldest cities, the god Ganesh is
worshipped and special foods prepared from the new harvest
for a feast. Later, clay images of him are immersed into the
Ganga River and sand from the river bed is sprinkled around
the grain stores for his blessing.
60z/175g/1 cup mixed red lentils (masoor)
and red grain (tuwar)
18 (I oz/500m1/3 cups woter
'/1 tsp turmeric powder
2 whole green chillies, stems removed
I tsp solt
Seasoning (final fry):
4 tbsp vegetable oil
I onion, finely sliced
2 cloves garlic, fnely sliced
'/z tsp each of mustard, onion and cumin seeds
6 curry leaves
2 whole dry red chifies
I tsp lemon juice and a few fresh cor�ander leaves
Pick and wash the dhols and drain. Place the first 4 ingredients
in a pan and bring to the boil. Lower the heat and simmer with
the pan half covered until the dhals are soft and most of the
water has evaporated. Add salt and mash the dha/s with a
wooden spoon, adjusting the consistency, if too thick, with
boiling water. Transfer to a heatproof serving dish and keep
47
warm. In a small frying pan heat the oil and fry the onion and
garlic until golden brown. Add the seeds, curry leaves and red
chillies and fry for 2-3 minutes. Pour all this over the dhoJs.
Sprinkle with lemon juice and coriander leaves and serve.
Parra ni Macchi
. Stuffed Fish Rolls
This is a famous Parsi dish traditionally baked in banana leaves.
like the English Sunday roast this is prepared on Sundays and
served along wi th Dhansak (p. 32).
4 filets of Dover, lemon sole or plaice (if your fishmonger is
friendly request the white fillets)
a batch af Kotmir Pudina chutney (p. 55)
salt to taste
4 pieces (/0 in x /0 in) special cooking cling film
wedges of lemon or lime
Wash and dry the fish fillets. Rub the flesh side generously
with the chutney and sprinkle salt to taste. Roll the fillets and
wrap each in a piece of the ding film tying the ends together.
Drop the rolls into boiling water and cook for 10-15 minutes.
Remove and when cool enough to handle remove the ding film.
Serve each person a roll or cut them into slices to look like
'swiss-roll' slices. Serve with lemon or lime wedges.
48
Sarson Jingha
Mustard Spinach with Prawns
The sea-kissed town of Konarak in the state of Orissa is a
popular tourist resort. Oriya cuisine depends on seafood and
is liberally spiced with mustard - an influence from West
Bengal - yet the food has a delectable difference.
l Ib/' /2 kg raw king prawns, shelled and deveined
I tsp turmeric
salt to taste
4 tsp mustard or vegetable oil
'/4 tsp onion seeds (kalonji)
6-8 curry leaves
2 tsp pasanda masala
1502/450g tinned mustard spinach (sarson)
2 large tomatoes. chopped
handful of fresh corionder leaves
Rub the prawns with the turmeric and salt and keep aside.
Heat the oil on medium heat and fry the onion seeds, curry
leaves and green mosaIc for 2-3 minutes. Add the prawns and
stir-fry until they are bright orange in colour. Fold in the
mustard spinach, tomatoes and coriander leaves. Heat to
serving temperature and serve with rice or bread.
SI
Xevttallo Molee
Sa/man with Chilli-Coconut Sauce
When fresh coconut, chillies and the Manglorean mind fuse, the
result is pure culinary magic! Gleaned from the traditional
repertoire of this coastal region, here is a classic recipe which
dIsplays the ingenuity of yet another genre of Indian cuisine.
f tsp cumin powder
I 'I tsp chilli powder, or to taste
'/2 tsp turmeric powder
I tbsp wine Vinegar
1'/1 tsp slat or to toste
4-60z/175g solman steaks Dr (illets
4 tbsp vegetable oil
6 (I oz/175ml/l '/. cups thick coconut milk (p. 7)
Puree:
f farge onion
6 green chillies
4 cloves garlic
4 ;n piece fresh ginger
1 '/1 tsp each cumin and coriander powder
Mix the first 5 Ingredients into a paste. Coat the salmon
thoroughly and marinade for 30 minutes. Heat the oil and fry
the pureed ingredients for 5 minutes on medium heat. Add the
coconut milk and bring the sauce to the boil. Reduce the heat
and gently slip in the salmon. Cook each side In the sauce for
5-8 minutes. Arrange the salmon on a warmed plate and
spoon the sauce around them and serve with lemon wedges.
52
Kotmir Pudina Chutney
Coriander and Mint Relish
An entire book could be written on the chutneys and pickles
of India. This has always been my favourite and can be used
in many different ways; an accompaniment to any curry or
sandwich, or mixed with natural yogurt as a variation to raitha
(p. 12) or fish filling.
2 tbsp vegetable oil
loz/50g desiccated coconut
2 green chillies and 2 dried red chifies
'/1 tsp each mustard, cumin, fennel and onion seeds
4 curry leaves
4ozl100g fresh coriander washed and drained
4 tbsp lemon juice
2 tsp mint sauce
salt to taste and I tsp sugar
Heat the oil and fry the next 5 ingredients until the coconut
is golden brown. Cool the mixture and place in a food
processor along with the remaining ingredients. Blend until
the coriander is finely chopped. Adjust seasoning and lemon
juice if necessary. Serve cold.
55
Aamba Piyali
Mango Cups
Mango is a very sacred fruit in India. It is said that Lord Shiva
brought the mango tree from heaven for his beautiful wife
Parvathi whose favourite fruit it was and who had become
very upset when she found that mango was not available on
earth. Alfonso, Rasdhara. Malgoba and Neelam are some of the
Indian mangoes available abroad from Indian grocers between
April and July.
2 ripe mangoes
4 tsp sugar
I sachet saffron powder
4 tbsp double creom
Wash the mangoes and dry them gently. Make a cut right
through to the seed around the centre of each mango. Hold
each mango on both sides of the cut and twist carefully. Two
halves will be like cups and the other two will have the seed
sticking out. Carefully remove the seeds. Scoop out the inside
flesh without damaging the skins. Mash the flesh coarsely and
mix in the remaining ingredients. Refill the mango cups with
this mixture, chill well and serve. This is very refreshing after
a spicy meal.
56
Shrikhand
Yogurt ond Cheese Dessert
Gokulashtmi, the birthday of the Lord Krishna, is celebrated
in honour of his childhood pranks. Earthen pots containing
yogurt, cream and money are suspended from a huge rope on
every street corner. Groups of young boys and men climb on
each other's shoulders to form a human pyramid to reach and
break the pots.
4 fI ozllfOmll'/l cup natural yogurt
80z1225g half-fat cheese
20z/50g full-fat cheese
2-4 ozl50-IOOg icing sugar
'/1 tsp each ground cardamom and nutmeg
8-10 strands saffron or I sachet of powdered saffron
almond flakes and pink rose petals to garnish
Chill a large mixing bowl in the refrigerator for I hour. Place
the cheese and yogurt in the bowl and whisk until evenly
mixed. Gradually add the sugar and keep whisking until you
have a light and creamy mixture. Taste 35 you add the sugar.
You may not wish to use all of it. Add the cardamom, nutmeg
and saffron and mix again. Decorate with the almond fakes
and petals, chilt and serve.
59
Aamba Piyatl 56
Ande Aur Tamatar Ka Cut 40
Anglo-Indian Stew 24
Shaghara Khu5hka 8
BhaJias 4]
Shori-style Chlcken]1
Sunari Goshe 20
Chicken from the Four Minarets 27
Chicken Kebabs with Sauces 28
Coconut Milk 7
Coriander a Mint Relish 5S
Dahl-ni-Karl 39
Dahls 7
Dhansak 31
Dry Meat Curry 16
Eg a Tomato Curry 40
Galina Xacuttl 2
Goan Chicken 2]
Gosht Biryani II
Gosht Surmahi 19
Gram Flour 7
Gucci Mattar Paneer 36
Hoc, Sweet and Sour Potpourri 31
Kotmir Pudlna Chutney 55
Khushka/Chawal 7
lamb in a Deep Red Sauce 15
lamb with Fenugreek leaves 19
leavened Bread 8
lentils Seasoned with Hot 011 and
SpiCes 47
Index
60
Madras-style Meat 20
Mango Cups 56
Masalas 4
Mulligatawny H
Murgh Char Minar 27
Murgh ka Salan 31
Murgh Tikka Masala 28
Mushroom, Peas and Cheese Curry 36
Mustard Spinach with Prawns 51
Naan 8
Patra nl Macchi 48
Plain Boiled Rice 7
Porcherl 35
Pulao Rice 8
Rafj's Pare tal 16
Raitha 12
Rice layered with Meat II
Ringanano 010 44
Roghan Josh 15
Salmon with Chilli-Coconut Sauce 52
Sarson Jingha 51
Savoury Fritters ;]
Shrikhand 59
South Indian Vegetable Stew 35
Stuffed Aubergine H
Stuffed Fish Rolls 48
Tarka Dnal 47
Yogurt and Cheese Dessert 59
Yogurt Curry 39
Yogurt, Mint and Cucumber Salad 12
Xevtullo Molee 52

A LITTLE INDIAN COOKBOOK

Indian cuisine is a rich profusion of eating habits. Along with the fragrance of jasmine and roses comes the heady aroma of the spice mixtures that are so inextricably immersed in the cooking of India. whatever the religious or cultural diversity. This selection promises a fruitful glimpse into the Indian kitchen with an explanation of spices and spice mixes such as garam masa/a, the mix for curries, and recipes for dishes with exotic names and tastes: Chicken from the Four Minarets, from Hyderabad, Mulligatawny, an Anglo-Indian legacy, Tarka Dhal, the lentil dish that is the mainspring of daily food. and Mango Cups made with fruit from the Lord Shiva's tree.

ISSN 0-86281-327-1

Appletree Press

9

!\1l�:n7"x13277 >

First published in 1992 by The Appletree Press Ltd, 19-2 1 Alfred Su-eet, Betfast BT2 BDL Tel: +14 2 32 2 4 3 074 Fax: +<\4 2 32 246756 Copyright ' 1 99 2

The Appletree or

Press Ltd.

Printed in the E.C. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced o r transmitted i n any form by any means, electronic o r mechanical. photocopying. recording o r any information and retrieval system. without permission in writing from the publisher. A Little Indian Cookbook A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN 0-B62BI- 3 27-1 9B7654 3 2 1

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Rafi's Spice Box. with Indians widely spread in western countries. Although the word "curry" is an English derivative of kari (which means spice sauce). Suffolk. The unforgettable aroma of India is not just the heavy scent of jasmine and roses. Where store-bought masalas (curry spice mixes) have been used. The mystery and beauty of India is 5000 years old: land peopled by a hundred races. No other country can provide such a diverse spectrum of foods or promise a gastronomic adventure qUite like India. coriander. These are usually blends of spices such as turmeric. The amount of chilli. create dishes as artists use a palette of colours. whether fre'sh or powder. Sudbury. 3 . Indian Bawarchis (master chefs).Introduction "Namaste". or even "how are you?" denotes gentle respect. today. Gaol Lane. however. each a little different. It is also the fragrance of the spices that are so important to Indian cooking. each just a little more exotic that the other. speaking a hundred tongues. cardamom. U. cinnamon and many more. can be adjusted. 48. COlO 6JL. which means "hello". "goodbye". Give each its due cultural and religious influences and let the centuries roll on to provide a rich profusion of eating habits. nutmeg. using their own individual spice mixes. The folded hands indicate the grace and welcome to be encountered all over India.K. These are Widely available in groceries or can be obtained by mail order from various sources including my own shop. some good commercial curry powders and pastes are available on the market. it is to simplify the reCipe. ginger.

Once opened. they will keep in the fridge for up to three weeks or they can be divided into portions and frozen.The Modern Indian Kitchen Today several commercial brands offer prepared masalas (blended spice mix) in powder and paste form and I find these a great boon. (Fresh leaves can be washed. Test different brands [0 find your preference. garliC and green chilli Other ingredients It is also possible to obtain commercial deep-fried onion. Ginger Garlic Coriander Red or green chilli Mixed ginger. Varieties of Kashmiri Green Garam Tikka Tandoori Kebab Biryani mosala mixes Mild or hot curry Madras Pasanda Bhuna Roghan Josh Vindaloo Dhansak Other useful pastes If possible. with 20z/S0g equalling I large raw onion. fresh or dried. obtain the following pastes in Indian or Chinese brands as they are pure with no additives. dried and open-frozen. a great time saver. Curry leaves (Kar.r) are available.yapath) and coriander leaves (Kotm.) 4 .

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add I oz/25g coconut cream to 6 fl oz/175ml boiling water. loosen the rice with a flat slotted spoon to release the steam and prevent damaging the grains. Add the measured water. turn the heat to very low. butter or oil and salt. the ancient sages of India believed. and so on. The former is the whole grain seed and the latter come in split form and are sometimes washed and husked.red lentils. Allow to soak for 30 minutes (if possible) for fluffier. Bring to boil. Khushka/Chawal Plain Boiled Rice Freshly-boiled rice is cooked daily all over India but favoured more in South India. Gram or dhals are pulses . cooked grains. Gram flour is flour made from split peas. moong beans. vegetable ar alive ail '/2 tsp salt or ta taste Pick and wash the rice in several changes of water. 12 oz/350g/I '/z cups Patna ar Basmati rice /8 fI az/500m1/3 cups water I tsp butter. is a gift of the gods. cover and cook for 12-15 minutes. To serve. 7 . and its preparation is a form of prayer. Drain well and put the rice in a heavy pan which has a tight­ fitting lid. powder form or in cream blocks. Rice. To obtain 6 fl oz/175ml thin coconut milk. To obtain 6 fI oz/175ml thick coconut milk add 30z/75g coconut cream to 6 fl oz/175ml bOiling water.Coconut milk (Nariyal doodh) is available in tins.

Whisk well and rest until it turns frothy. lift the lid and pour the food colour of your choice mixed in a little milk on the surface of the rice at random. Knead for about 5 minutes. f tsp sugar I tsp fresh or dried yeast 5 fl az/ISOml warm water Baz/100g plain flour 3az/7Sg melted ghee or unsalted butter I tsp salt I egg yolk beaten or a little milk 1 tsp pappy/onion/sesame seeds (or mixed) Place the sugar. they are baked in a tandoor (clay oven). traditionally. Naan Leavened Bread The variety of Indian breads is infinite but the noon is by far the most popular one in the western world. Cover the pan and rest for 5 minutes before serving as above. yeast and warm water in a cup. Although. they are just as delicious baked in an ordinary oven. Add the water and salt and proceed as for plain boiled rice. I in piece of cinnamon stick. Make a well and pour in the yeast mixture along with the ghee or butter. Sieve the flour and salt. Now rub your palms with a little ghee or butter and make a smooth and soft dough. Mix together with your fingers.Bhaghara Khushka (Pulao Rice) First saute the drained rice in butter or oil with '/2 tsp black cumin seeds. When the rice is cooked. 2 green cardamoms and 2 bay leaves. Rest dough covered for 2 hours 8 . Garnish with browned onions and almond flakes.

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II . beaten -4 tbsp biryani masala 2 tbsp garam masala I tsp turmeric powder salt to taste and I tsp sugar 21bs/900g cubed lomb or boned chicken I lb/450g Bosmoti rice I tsp black cumin seeds 4 green cardamoms 2 in cinnamon stick 6 tbsp melted ghee or unsalted butter Mix the milk and saffron and keep aside. 12). Place on greased baking tray and bake for lO­ IS minutes in a pre-heated oven gas mark 8. Brush with egg or milk and sprinkle on the seeds. Served with Egg and Tomato Curry (p. it cannot fail to please. Fitr means five pounds of grain which is distributed to the poor. 230"C Serve immediately or keep warm wrapped in tinfoil.or more to rise. Drain. chopped 5 fl oz/150ml natural yogurt. wash the rice and cook with whole spices in boiling water until the grains are a quarter done. Divide into 6 portions and gently rollout on a lightly floured surface. Gently cook it for 4S minutes in a heavy pan. 4S0"F. 40) and a raitha (p. MeanwhHe. Gosht Biryani Rice Layered with Meat Id-ul-Fitrmarks the end of the Ramazan fast at the appearance of the new moon. Mix the next 8 items and marinade the lamb or chicken in it for 4-6 hours. Biryani is truly a jewel made for a royal treat and therefore a favourite with the Noobs of Hyderabad. 5 fl oz/150ml milk I sachet saffron powder 6 tbsp lemon juice 4 green chillies. finely chopped 4 oz/100g fresh coriander.

12 . Spread the cooked meat mixture with all the juices over the rice. Pour the saffron milk over the rice at random spots. Mint ond Cucumber Solod 10 (I oz/300ml natural yogurt. Cover the pan and cook on low to medium heat for about 20 minutes or until the rice is fluffy. tsp paprika fresh mint leaves for garnish Mix the first four ingredients gently together and chill. thinly sliced . Garnish with paprika and mint leaves and serve. Grease a circular piece of foil (the size of the pan) and place it greased side down on the rice. Spread the remaining rice over this in a loose neat layer. beaten 2 tsp mint sauce (or to taste) solt ond sugor to taste 4oz/IOOg cucumber. Gently toss the rice and meat together before serving. Raitha Yogurt. Finally pour the ghee or butter over the rice./.Grease the base of a heavy pan and place half the rice in an even but loose layer.

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RoghanJosh Lamb in a Deep Red Sauce A visit to Kashmir is incomplete until you have stayed on a houseboat on the beautiful Dallake and eaten meals cooked by the khansaba (cook) on the kitchen boat which travels alongside the main houseboat. If you prefer a hotter curry · (phool). Garnish with the almond flakes and serve hot. Remove from the heat and cool a little. Fold in the yogurt and return to the heat and cook until the yogurt is absorbed. then add 2 tsp chilli powder with the mosolos to the above recipe and you will achieve the hottest curry available in restaurants. I tbsp ghee or vegetable oil '/1 tsp asafoetida powder I lb/450g cubed leon lomb 5 fI oz/150ml natural yogurt beaten with '/1 tsp cornflour 2 tbsp roghan josh f tsp kashmiri masala I tsp garam masala 8-/0 saffron strands or f sachet powdered saffron '/2 tsp sugar salt to taste 4 tbsp tomato puree blanched almond flakes for garnish Heat the ghee or oil in a heavy pan and fry the asafoetida and lamb on a medium heat until the meat pieces are sealed. 15 . Add the remaining ingredients except the garnish and cook until the meat is tender and the gravy almost dry.

It is truly a "Rafi" invention for those who like it hot. Heat the oil in a heavy pan and fry the onions until golden brown. curry leaves and the spice paste and fry until the oil rises above the mosa/a. cover the pan and simmer for about 45 minutes. Lower the heat. finely sliced 2 tsp ginger. Serve hot with plain rice. /'/1 tsp chilli powder (or adjust to taste) 2 tbsp madras curry powder I tsp turmeric powder salt to taste 3 tbsp vegetable oil 2 large onions. Add the ginger. 16 . garlic and chilli paste.Boz/200g tinned chopped tomatoes Mix the first 4 ingredients with 6 tablespoons water to a smooth paste.Rafi's Pareral Dry Meat Curry This recipe is dedicated to all my pupils who love it. Add the coconut milk and tomatoes and mix well. garlic and chilli paste 8 curry leaves I lb/450g cubed lean lamb ar beef 6 fl az/175ml thick cacanut milk (p. Add the meat and fry until evenly sealed. Simmer gently until the meat is fully cooked. especially Peter who made double batches in his wok that looked like a volcano erupting. 7) .

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meth. the food has a nostalgic royal air about it. 2 Ib/900g spring lamb. Bring to the boil and simmer until the water has nearly evaporated. although the palaces are now empty.Gosht Surmahi Lamb with Fenugreek Leaves The Kolhapuri people's food is rich. (dried fenugreek leaves) salt to taste Place the first 5 ingredients in a heavy pan and cover with cold water. skimming any froth jf necessary. about 1112 hours. Their ingenuity in cooking meat in a variety of pungent gravies is legendary and. 19 . Fold in the remaining ingredients and gently cook until the lamb is fully cooked and the gravy thick. cubed 5 green cardamoms 1 black cardamoms 2 in piece cinnamon stick 4 boy leaves Puree: 2az/50g fresh ginger 6 doves garlic 2 medium-sized onions 10 fresh red chillies 14az/400g 'inned chapped 'ama'aes 4oz/100g kasoor. heavy in meat and full of red Sankeshwari chillies.

Buhari Goshr
Madras-style Meat
Being locked up in a convent in Madras with a day pass only twice a year meant that the first destination pupils went to when outside was a Buhari restaurant. The Muslim chef from Southern India prepared this delicious gosht and let us eat as much as we CQuld, with unlimited boiled rice. 4 tbsp vegetable ail lorge onion, finely sliced 4 each of cloves and green cardamoms 4 each of fresh green and dry red chillies, chapped I tsp turmeric powder 4 tbsp bhuna masala I lb/450g lamb chaps 400g/14az tinned chapped tomatoes salt to taste and a pinch of sugar fresh coriander, chopped
f

Heat the oil in a heavy pan and fry the onion. cloves, cardamoms and chillies until the onions are brown. Add the turmeric. bhuna masala and chops. Saute until all the chops are evenly sealed. Cover the pan and simmer on a very low heat for about 10 minutes. Add the remaining ingredients, reserving a little of the coriander for garnish. Cook until the chops are fully done. Garnish and serve hot. Sprinkle a little lemon juice over the meat if you wish.

20

Fry for 2-3 minutes. a potent cashew liquor.5 kg chicken. skinned and jointed 9 fl oz/250ml thick coconut milk 4 tbsp tomato puree I tsp freshly-groted nutmeg I Dry-roast the first 7 items in a frying pan until the onion and desicca ted coconut are a deep golden brown. coriander and mustard seeds 4 cloves garlic and I in fresh ginger 4 cloves and 8 peppercorns 6 whole dry red chillies I tsp five-spice powder f onion. then simmer until the chicken is cooked and the gravy Is thick. chopped 4 tbsp oil 2 onions. Grind all of these in a processor to a smooth paste and reserve. The local men start drinking feni. finely sliced f tsp turmeric salt to taste and a pinch of sugar 3 Ib/I. Add the masa/a paste. to lead you into the sanctum of Goan (now Panjim) cuisine. Bring to the boil. Add the chicken and remaining ingredients. turmeric and salt. in the afternoon to set the pace and mood for the pungent and spicy food that follows. The method of eating is both a meal and a ritual.Galina Xacutti Goon Chicken It is difficult. Heat the oil and fry the sliced onions until brown. with just one recipe. 6oz/150gl'/l cup desiccoted coconut 1 tsp each cumin. 23 .

coconut milk and tomatoes. changed. with addition of meats. finely sliced and deep-fried 4 tbsp lemon juice salt to taste a handful of fresh coriander leaves. Simmer for about 10 minutes.5 em cinnamon stick 6-8 curry leaves I tsp each coriander and cumin powder '/1 tsp fenugreek powder or 8-/0 fenugreek seeds 9 fl oz/250ml thick coconut milk 3 Ib/I. shelled and deveined f onion. through the Dutch influence.Mulligatawny Anglo-Indian Stew An Indian mini-Amsterdam.n/2. eachin is a complex of islands and towns linked by bridges and ferries influenced by the past Dutch . Fold in the remaining ingredients and serve hot. I pt/600ml chicken or vegetable stock I onian.and the present. The original mulla-ga-tan. chopped I tsp each garlic and ginger paste 2 . chopped Place the first 10 items in a large pan and bring to the boil. Add the chicken or prawns and simmer until they are cooked (prawns reqUire less cooking time).5 kg boned chicken pieces or 2 Ib/900g row king prawns. finely chopped 8 oz/200g fresh or tinned tomatoes. .

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Mix the remaining yogurt with the saffron and spread over the outside of the chicken. 27 . ginger and garlic until the onions are translucent.Murgh Char Minar Chicken from the Four Minarets Hyderabad. Stuff this mixture inside the chicken and tie or skewer the openings. I tbsp vegetable ail 8az/200g anian. Rest chicken for 5 minutes before carving. Cook until the mince is half done. Sprinkle with the remaining salt. my home town. allowing 15-20 minutes per pound. This merging of cultures is unmatched anywhere else in India. half the flaked almond and I tsp salt. IBO'C. Fold in the chopped eggs. Roast in a pre­ heated oven at gas mark 3. coarsely chopped 4oz/IOOg blanched flaked almonds 2 tsp salt 3 Ib/1. has a rich and varied three­ hundred-year-old history during which the Mughlai and Andhra menus have jostled side by side in unparalleled exotica. finely chapped 2az/SOg each fresh chapped ginger and garlic paste 8oz/200g lean lamb or beef mince I tbsp green masala 7 fl oz/200ml natural set yogurt 4 hard-boiled eggs. Serve hot garnished with the remaining almonds and a crisp green salad. green mosala and half the yogurt and mix well. Add the mince. 350"F.3 kg oven-ready chicken I sachet powdered saffron Heat the oil on medium heat and fry the onions. Remove from the hea t.

mix all the ingredients in a small pan. Keep hot. To make the sauce. Adjust seasoning if necessary. Gently heat. mas. When the sauce is smooth. or longer if possible. the oil will float. Baste and turn the chicken pieces over and grill until well-cooked with burnt spots. gaining immediate popularity.both of which are necessary to keep the Punjabi temperament going at full steam. 8) and. boned and cubed Sauce: 2 tbsp tikk. green s. 4 az/125g natural yogurt 3 (I az/75ml double cream I tsp sugar juices collected in grill tray Mix the first 4 ingredients and marinade the chicken for I hOUf. Pour over chicken and serve with rice or naan (p. skinned. 28 .Murgh Tikka Masala Chicken Kebabs with Sauce The cuisine of the Punjab is known for being rich in protein and fats . Punjabi cooking has been to concoct mouthwatering dishes many of which have reached the west. 4 tbsp tikka masala 4 oz/125g natural yogurt salt to taste I tsp sugar 4 chicken breasts. I. resting chicken on a mesh grid or on skewers.lad. Grill under medium heat. stirring constantly to avoid curdling.

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� .-- . .:. _�_ -e.• • I ... I t • • . . I l t • • • • . .. . -.. . \ " .. � .'-. ../�.. �".. ..' �� -: �:: (.-... \ '... --.

When the onions are brown add the masalas and fry for 3-5 minutes. flower petals and greenery. lake or well. all of the decorations are thrown into a river. (Fold in 1/2 tsp sugar If you wish before serving. 7) salt to taste Heat the oil and fry the onions until golden brown. Serve hot. Add the chicken and fry until evenly coloured.5 kg chicken (remove sk in and bone if you wish) 2 tbsp tomato puree 9 n oz/275g tinned tomatoes 6 n oz/175ml thick coconut milk (p. finely sliced I tsp garam masala 4 tsp bhuna masala I tsp turmeric powder 5 fl oz/150ml water 3 Ib/I.Murgh ka Salan Bhari-style Chicken Festive Muslim bhori dinners are served on the floor on a dastar khan. Add the remaining ingredients. lower the heat and cook covered until the chicken is done. When the meal is over. 4 tbsp vegetable oil 2 medium onions. In the meantime mix the mosalas and turmeric with the water. mix well.) 31 .a white linen cloth which has been delicately decorated with raw grains.

2oz/50g each red gram (tuwar). chopped I lb/450g chicken portions or raw king prawns 4 tbsp lemon juice salt to taste and' tsp sugar Place the first 6 items in a heavy pan and bring to the boil. In a separate pan heat the oil and fry the spices and masa/a. 32 . Reserve. 8). If you use prawns. A reporter found a young student who read the newspaper marriage columns and thereby attended 150 Parsi feasts during his 3 years at university in Bombay. garlic. potato and carrot 4oz/IDOg deep-fried onions f oz/Z5g dried fenugreek leaves 4 tbsp vegetable ail 3 tsp each of ginger. Sweet and Sour Potpourri Parsis came to India from Persia bringing their own culinary genius. Add the lemon juice and seasoning and serve hot with Baghara Khushka (p. Bengal gram (channa) green gram (moong) and red lentils (masoor) 4 fresh mint leaves or 1/2 tsp mint sauce 12 fl oz/350ml water I large aubergine. reduce the cooking time. Simmer until the lentils and vegetables are soft and can be mashed with a wooden spoon.Dhansak Hot. coriander and chicken pieces. When the chicken pieces are sealed add the lentil and vegetable sauce and simmer until the chicken is cooked. green chilli paste 3 tbsp dhansak masala 4oz/IOOg fresh coriander.

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tsp chilli powder I tsp turmeric powder saft to toste 2 tsp soft brown sugar Boz/200g desiccated coconut 4 tbsp coconut or vegetable oil I tsp each mustard and cumin seeds 6-8 curry leaves Cook the dhol with plenty of water until soft.Porcheri South Indian Vegetable Stew Udipi. Cook the vegetables in the reserved water with chilli and turmerIc powder. 35 . As you unfold the banana leaf and get ready to eat. salt. Pour all this over the vegetable and dha/ and mix well. Gently mash the dhafwith a wooden spoon and keep aside. remember to sprinkle your leaf with water from the glass already set out. sugar and half the coconut. Reheat the whole mixture and serve hot. Drain and reserve the water. Heat the oil and fry the seeds. When the vegetables are done add the dha/ and gently fold together. 8oz/200g Bengol grom (channa dhal) 400g/l lb cut mixed vegetobles of your choice 1'/. Vihar and Bhavan are generic names for South Indian vegetarian restaurants where food is served on banana leaves. The waiter will not serve you until this cleansing rItual has been completed. curry leaves and remaining coconut until the coconut is light brown.

36 . Garnish with the coriander leaves and serve hot. is worshipped for two days to obtain her gratitude and to give her adoration.Gucci Mattar Paneer Mushroom. Peas and Cheese Curry In Rajasthan Teej Mala (Festival of Devi) is essentially for women and in particular mothers and their daughters-in-law. Fold in the mushrooms. halved Boz/200g garden peas Boz/200g paneer. Only vegetarian dishes are cooked by the daughters-in-law to remain in the grace and favour of the mothers-in-law. Add the pureed masala and saute over medium heat stirring constantly. Devi. Puree: Boz/200g tinned tomatoes I tsp each ginger and garlic paste 6 green chillies I tsp pasanda masala 6 fl oz/150ml double cream '/2 tsp cornflour I small onion 4 tbsp ghee or vegetable oil I tsp nigel/o seeds (ajwain) Boz/200g button mushrooms. the wife of Lord Shiva. chopped Heat the ghee or oil and fry the nigella seeds. peas and paneer. Feta can be used as a substitute for paneer. cubed and fried until golden handful of fresh coriander leaves. Simmer for IS minutes.

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If you are adding the Bhojio. 39 . in an endless procession. Gently re-heat and serve plain or compliment with Bhojia. with peppers 4 tb. allow them to simmer in the curry for 5 minutes before serving. (p. Set aside. Add corn and peppers and on a low heat cook the mixture until the sauce is smooth and thick. beaten 4 (I oz/115ml thin coconut milk 4 tbsp gram flour mixed in liz cup water '/1 tsp each turmeric and chilli powder salt to toste and '/1 tsp sugar IOoz/lBOg corn kernel. Gujeratis make. a variety of mouth-watering dishes from the simplest lentils and vegetables. Iloz/350g noturol yogurt.p vegetable oil 4 whole dried red chillies I tsp cumin seeds 2 cloves garlic.Dahi-ni-Kari Yogurt Curry Masters of vegetarian cooking. Pour the oil and spices over the yogurt sauce and cover the pan to infuse. Heat the all and fry the remaining ingredients until the garliC turns golden brown. crushed 6-8 curry leaves 1/4 tsp asafoetida Mix the first 5 items and pass through a sieve. 43).

you can add vegetables of your choice to make an even more wholesome dish. Reheat gently. Traditionally served with Biryan. halved browned onions and fresh coriander for garnish Mix the first 6 items in a large pan and gently heat until the coconut has dissolved. sliced '/4 tsp asafoetida 4 hard-bailed eggs. pour everything over the tomato mixture and cover to allow the spice aroma to infuse. 40 . II). f '/1 pts tomato juice 2 Clz/SOg coconut creom 4 tbsp gram ffour (besan) mixed in CI little woter 1 tsp kashmiri masala I tsp garam masala soft to taste and '/1 Up sugar 2 tsp each vegetable oil and sesame oil I tsp cumin seeds 4 whole dried red chillies 6 curry leaves 4 cloves garlic.Ande aur Tamarar ka Cut Egg and Tomato Curry This dish originated in the Deccan and the Dokhnis love their food hot. (p. In a frying pan heat the oils and fry the remaining ingredients except the eggs and garnish. float the halved eggs on top and garnish with browned onions and coriander and serve hot. When the garlic slices are a deep golden brown.

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the festival of Nine Nights during which Durga.Bhajias Savoury Fritters At Navratri. 43 . Drain well and serve or use in Dahi-ni-Kari (p. when smoking hot. nigel/a. Add the remaining ingredients and toss. Heat sufficient oil for deep-frying and. samosas. finely chopped handful of fresh coriander leaves.nn•• cta) I tsp baking powder salt to taste //1 tsp each turmeric and chilli powder '/2 tsp each onion. cumin and fennel seeds. Boz/200g grom flour (bes. is worshipped. chopped 2 large onions. using your hand. pakoras. coarsely ground 2 green chillies. India seems to have more snacks than any other country in the world. Gradually add water and. drop spoonfuls of the mixture and fry until golden brown. finely sliced Sieve the first 4 items in a large mixing bowl.n or ch. the warrior goddess. etc. 39). people only eat light snacks like bhajias. mix the ingredients in until you have folded in all the dry flour and have a thick dropping consistency batter.

44 . Mash the pulp coarsely and reserve. Re-fill the aubergine cases with the spiced pulp and return to the oven for about 20 minutes. finely chapped I tsp chilli powder I tsp each turmeric and coriander powder salt to taste I/z tsp sugar Wash and wipe the aubergines without trimming the tails. Heat the remaining oil and fry the seeds and spring onions for 2-3 minutes. Return the cases on a greased tray to the oven. Remove. people whose lifestyle is very much a result of their desert environment.Ringanano 010 Stuffed Aubergine Sun and sand colour the lives of the Kutch. 2 large deep purple aubergines 4 tbsp vegetable ail I tsp each mustard and cumin seeds Boz/100g spring onions. Using I teaspoon oil rub the aubergines all over and bake in a moderately hot oven until the skins blacken. Mix well. When the aubergines are cool to handle cut in half and scoop out the white pulp. This can also be served as a starter garnished with lemon wedges. Add the remaining Ingredients and the mashed pulp. but leave the oven on a low setting. The cuisine is innovative through necessity and vegetable dishes are available only when the supply comes in from neighbouring states.

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In Varanasi. Transfer to a heatproof serving dish and keep 47 . finely sliced '/z tsp each of mustard.Tarka Dhal Lentils Seasoned with Hot Oil and Spices Rice and dhal are the mainsprings of the working man's diet. Place the first 4 ingredients in a pan and bring to the boil. stems removed I tsp solt Seasoning (final fry): 4 tbsp vegetable oil I onion. finely sliced 2 cloves garlic. adjusting the consistency. if too thick. with boiling water. 60z/175g/1 cup mixed red lentils (masoor) and red grain (tuwar) 18 (I oz/500m1/3 cups woter '/1 tsp turmeric powder 2 whole green chillies. the god Ganesh is worshipped and special foods prepared from the new harvest for a feast. clay images of him are immersed into the Ganga River and sand from the river bed is sprinkled around the grain stores for his blessing. Add salt and mash the dha/s with a wooden spoon. one of India's oldest cities. Later. Lower the heat and simmer with the pan half covered until the dhals are soft and most of the water has evaporated. onion and cumin seeds 6 curry leaves 2 whole dry red chiffies I tsp lemon juice and a few fresh cor�ander leaves Pick and wash the dhols and drain.

55) salt to taste 4 pieces (/0 in x /0 in) special cooking cling film wedges of lemon or lime Wash and dry the fish fillets. lemon sole or plaice (if your fishmonger is friendly request the white fillets) a batch af Kotmir Pudina chutney (p. Add the seeds. Sprinkle with lemon juice and coriander leaves and serve. 32). Pour all this over the dhoJs. Stuffed Fish Rolls This is a famous Parsi dish traditionally baked in banana leaves. Drop the rolls into boiling water and cook for 10-15 minutes. curry leaves and red chillies and fry for 2-3 minutes. Remove and when cool enough to handle remove the ding film. In a small frying pan heat the oil and fry the onion and garlic until golden brown. like the English Sunday roast this is prepared on Sundays and served along wi th Dhansak (p.warm. Serve each person a roll or cut them into slices to look like 'swiss-roll' slices. 4 fillets of Dover. Roll the fillets and wrap each in a piece of the ding film tying the ends together. Rub the flesh side generously with the chutney and sprinkle salt to taste. Serve with lemon or lime wedges. 48 . Parra ni Macchi .

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Add the prawns and stir-fry until they are bright orange in colour. Heat to serving temperature and serve with rice or bread. Oriya cuisine depends on seafood and is liberally spiced with mustard . chopped handful of fresh corionder leaves Rub the prawns with the turmeric and salt and keep aside.Sarson Jingha Mustard Spinach with Prawns The sea-kissed town of Konarak in the state of Orissa is a popular tourist resort. curry leaves and green mosaIc for 2-3 minutes. shelled and deveined I tsp turmeric salt to taste 4 tsp mustard or vegetable oil '/4 tsp onion seeds (kalonji) 6-8 curry leaves 2 tsp pasanda masala 1502/450g tinned mustard spinach (sarson) 2 large tomatoes. Heat the oil on medium heat and fry the onion seeds. SI . l Ib/'/2 kg raw king prawns.an influence from West Bengal .yet the food has a delectable difference. tomatoes and coriander leaves. Fold in the mustard spinach.

n piece fresh ginger 1 '/1 tsp each cumin and coriander powder Mix the first 5 Ingredients into a paste. Coat the salmon thoroughly and marinade for 30 minutes. 52 . or to taste '/2 tsp turmeric powder I tbsp wine Vinegar 1'/1 tsp slat or to toste 4-60z/175g solman steaks Dr (illets 4 tbsp vegetable oil 6 (I oz/175ml/l '/. cups thick coconut milk (p. Arrange the salmon on a warmed plate and spoon the sauce around them and serve with lemon wedges. Cook each side In the sauce for 5-8 minutes. here is a classic recipe which dIsplays the ingenuity of yet another genre of Indian cuisine. Heat the oil and fry the pureed ingredients for 5 minutes on medium heat. Reduce the heat and gently slip in the salmon.Xevttallo Molee Sa/man with Chilli-Coconut Sauce When fresh coconut. the result is pure culinary magic! Gleaned from the traditional repertoire of this coastal region. chillies and the Manglorean mind fuse. f tsp cumin powder I 'Iz tsp chilli powder. Add the coconut milk and bring the sauce to the boil. 7) Puree: f farge onion 6 green chillies 4 cloves garlic 4 .

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or mixed with natural yogurt as a variation to raitha (p. 12) or fish filling. 2 tbsp vegetable oil loz/50g desiccated coconut 2 green chillies and 2 dried red chifJies '/1 tsp each mustard. This has always been my favourite and can be used in many different ways. an accompaniment to any curry or sandwich. Blend until the coriander is finely chopped. 55 .Kotmir Pudina Chutney Coriander and Mint Relish An entire book could be written on the chutneys and pickles of India. Cool the mixture and place in a food processor along with the remaining ingredients. Adjust seasoning and lemon juice if necessary. Serve cold. cumin. fennel and onion seeds 4 curry leaves 4ozl100g fresh coriander washed and drained 4 tbsp lemon juice 2 tsp mint sauce salt to taste and I tsp sugar Heat the oil and fry the next 5 ingredients until the coconut is golden brown.

It is said that Lord Shiva brought the mango tree from heaven for his beautiful wife Parvathi whose favourite fruit it was and who had become very upset when she found that mango was not available on earth. 2 ripe mangoes 4 tsp sugar I sachet saffron powder 4 tbsp double creom Wash the mangoes and dry them gently. Two halves will be like cups and the other two will have the seed sticking out. Hold each mango on both sides of the cut and twist carefully. Make a cut right through to the seed around the centre of each mango. Rasdhara. 56 . Mash the flesh coarsely and mix in the remaining ingredients.Aamba Piyali Mango Cups Mango is a very sacred fruit in India. Malgoba and Neelam are some of the Indian mangoes available abroad from Indian grocers between April and July. Scoop out the inside flesh without damaging the skins. This is very refreshing after a spicy meal. Refill the mango cups with this mixture. Carefully remove the seeds. Alfonso. chill well and serve.

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Decorate with the almond flakes and petals. You may not wish to use all of it. chilt and serve. cream and money are suspended from a huge rope on every street corner. Gradually add the sugar and keep whisking until you have a light and creamy mixture. is celebrated in honour of his childhood pranks. Earthen pots containing yogurt. the birthday of the Lord Krishna. Taste 35 you add the sugar. 4 fI ozllfOmll'/l cup natural yogurt 80z1225g half-fat cheese 20z/50g full-fat cheese 2-4 ozl50-IOOg icing sugar '/1 tsp each ground cardamom and nutmeg 8-10 strands saffron or I sachet of powdered saffron almond flakes and pink rose petals to garnish Chill a large mixing bowl in the refrigerator for I hour. Place the cheese and yogurt in the bowl and whisk until evenly mixed.Shrikhand Yogurt ond Cheese Dessert Gokulashtmi. 59 . Add the cardamom. Groups of young boys and men climb on each other's shoulders to form a human pyramid to reach and break the pots. nutmeg and saffron and mix again.

Index Aamba Piyatl 56 Ande Aur Tamatar Ka Cut 40 Anglo-Indian Stew 24 Shaghara Khu5hka8 BhaJias 4] Shori-style Chlcken]1 Sunari Goshe 20 Chicken from the Four Minarets 27 Chicken Kebabs with Sauces 28 Coconut Milk 7 Coriander and Mint Relish 5S Dahl-ni-Karl 39 Dahls7 Dhansak 31 Dry Meat Curry 16 Naan 8 Patra nl Macchi 48 Plain Boiled Rice7 Porcherl 35 Pulao Rice 8 Rafj's Paretal 16 Raitha 12 Rice layered with Meat II Ringanano 010 44 Roghan Josh 15 Salmon with Chilli-Coconut Sauce 52 SarsonJingha 51 Savoury Fritters . Sweet and Sour Potpourri 31 Kotmir Pudlna Chutney 55 Khushka/Chawal 7 lamb in a Deep Red Sauce 15 lamb with Fenugreek leaves 19 leavened Bread8 lentils Seasoned with Hot 0 1 and 1 SpiCes 47 60 . Peas and Cheese Curry 36 Mustard Spinach with Prawns 51 Egg and Tomato Curry 40 Galina Xacuttl 2J Goan Chicken 2] Gosht Biryani II Gosht Surmahi 19 Gram Flour7 Gucci Mattar Paneer 36 Hoc.] Shrikhand 59 South Indian Vegetable Stew 35 Stuffed Aubergine H Stuffed Fish Rolls 48 Tarka Dnal 47 Yogurt and Cheese Dessert 59 Yogurt Curry 39 Yogurt. Mint and Cucumber Salad 12 Xevtullo Molee 52 Madras-style Meat 20 Mango Cups 56 Masalas 4 Mulligatawny H Murgh Char Minar 27 Murgh ka Salan 31 Murgh Tikka Masala 28 Mushroom.