You are on page 1of 12

BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering

Unit / Module Unit 07: Strengths of Materials Assignment 02: Assessment Loading on beams, columns and struts and behaviour of loaded structural members Mr Mihiran Galagedara ID 08 Feb 2012 Date Due Re-Submission Date Criteria Met? Student to Tick if Attempted Grading Opportunity Initially HNDME/MT/02/___

Lecturer Student Name Date Handed Over Initial Submission Date

21 Feb 2012

On Resubmission

Assessor Feedback

P2.3 P2.4 P3.1 P3.2 P3.4 M1 M2 M3 D1 D2 D3

Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02

International College of Business and Technology

All sources of information must be referenced using “Harvard referencing” where a reference list/Bibliography should be included at the end of the assignment. Failure to re-submit the previously marked assignment with the re-submitted assignment will mean that results cannot be released for the respective unit. note that submissions handed in one week late will be graded lower (Please refer to the Student Handbook on Assessments . A one week grace period maybe extended with prior approval from the Program Manager – Undergraduate. Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology . Please read.Late Submissions & Penalties). Please note that the submission date given for this assignment is the final date that you can hand over the assignment. follow and reference both the contents of the unit outline and the grading criteria of the assignment before completing this assignment. Assignments returned to students for re-working must be re-submitted within 10 days (Please refer to Student Handbook on Assignments – Re-submission). However. Please note that plagiarism is treated as a serious offence and therefore the work you produce must be individual and original although may work in groups in some instances (Please refer to Student Handbook on Plagiarism & Cheating).BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Assessed By (Name): Signature: Student Signature & Comments: Date: Important Information for Students The criteria each task relates to are shown against that task where possible.

However.... You may be subject to disciplinary procedure if you do this.. Use Harvard style of referencing (A software package such as zotero can help you to reduce repetitive work significantly) Colours Presenting format Referencing Plagiarism: While research and discussion are an essential part of an assignment........... the deliberate copying of someone else’s work or unacknowledged copying from printed or electronic sources is NOT permitted................................ No limitation As a report................ give brief answers in point form wherever possible.... ........................................................…………………...BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Report Structure Paper Size Printing or hand written Fonts Diagrams A4 Single Side Calibri Where diagrams are need draw them clearly and to a sufficiently large scale.... You should sign this sheet to show that you comply with these regulations.. Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology .... Date: .................................................... Student’s Comments: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……. Student’s Signature: ……………………………….................………………………………………………………………………………………………........…………………………........

Hans Gray Date Verified : 07 Feb 2012 Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology .BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Assessment has been internally verified for use. Hans Gray Approved by Dr. Internal Verifier Name: Signature : Dr.

Span of Beam 1 and Beam 2 are 9 m and 7 m respectively. determine the reaction at the supports of both the beams.3) II. Find the maximum stress developed at any point in the column.a: Two beams crossing each other Task 3: Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology . external diameter 200 mm and internal diameter 150 mm is fixed at both ends. It carries a load of 180 kN at an eccentricity of 17 mm from the axis of column.5 m. What should be the limiting eccentricity if tension is not to be developed within the column? (M1) Task 2: Two beams (Beam 1 and Beam 2) made of the same material and of equal cross section.96 x 105 N mm-2) I. (P2.BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Task 1: A hollow circular column of length 4. (D3) 7m 9m Beam 1 Beam 2 Figure 2. cross each other at right angles at their mid span (Figure 2. Each of the beams is simply supported. (Assume that the Young’s Modulus E = 0.a). If a vertical load of 10 kN acts at the junction.

Find the buckling load for the steel bar (P2.08 MN mm-2) Task 5: The simple beam shown in the Figure 5.BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering A straight circular bar of steel 1 cm in diameter and 120 cm long is mounted in a testing machine and loaded axially in compression till it buckles.a supports a concentrated load P acting at distance a from the left-hand support and distance b from the right-hand support.4) Estimate the maximum central deflection before the material reaches its yields stress of 350 N mm-2 (M2). stresses remaining unchanged? (D1) (Assume that the Modulus of Elasticity E = 0. (Obtain the solution by determining the strain energy of the beam and then using Castigliano’s theorem. II. (Assume that the Modulus of Elasticity E = 0. Determine the deflection δD at point D where the load is applied. and Modulus of Rigidity N = 0. When used as a beam simply supported at the ends and centrally loaded. Compare the strain energies of the shaft for the two conditions of loading.1) II.) (P3. (P3.2) Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology . I. I.2 MN mm-2. Assuming Euler’s formula for pinned ends is applicable in this case. What is the effect on this ratio if the shaft is hollow. the greatest bending stress at the surface of the shaft is 120 N mm-2.21 x 105 N mm-2) Task 4: The shear stress at the surface of a solid steel shaft is 80 N mm-2 when subjected to the action of a torque.

and consider only the effects of the given loads.a: Simply supported beam Task 6: a. The beam has uniform flexural rigidity EI. Assuming that h is very large compared to the deflection of the beam when the weight W is applied statically.BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Figure 5. The beam has a rectangular cross section of area A.a: Simply supported beam Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology . obtain a formula for the maximum bending stress σmax in the beam due to the falling weight. (P3.4) Figure 6.) An object of weight W is dropped onto the midpoint of a simply supported beam AB from a height h (see Figure 6. Disregard the weight of the beam itself.a).

) Find the maximum stress produced in the board.b.5 m on a diving board of dimensions 30 cm x 6 cm supported as shown in Figure 6.) A man weighing 600 N jumps from a height of 0. I.BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering b. (D3) (Assume that the Modulus of Elasticity E = 10 kN mm-2) We A 1m X Figure 6.b: Diving board B 2m C Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology .

1 analyse two-dimensional stress systems making appropriate use of Mohr’s stress circle P1. columns and struts P2.2 determine the distribution of stress in the materials of reinforced concrete beams P2.1 determine the strain energy stored in a member due to direct loading. shear loading.4 predict the effects of shock loading on struts and ties Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology .2 determine the elastic deflection of loaded members making appropriate use of Castigliano’s theorem P3. bending and torsion P3.4 determine the appropriate critical load for axially loaded struts P2.3 determine the stress distribution in columns and walls which are subjected to asymmetrical bending P2.2 carry out experimental strain analysis using electrical resistance strain gauges P1.1 determine the support reactions.BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Outcomes and Assessment Criteria Outcomes Assessment criteria for pass To achieve each outcome a learner must demonstrate the ability to: 1 Investigate engineering components which are subjected to complex loading systems P1. slope and deflection of simply supported beams P2.3 carryout tests to validate deflection calculations P3.3 apply the appropriate theory of elastic failure to loaded components to determine operational factors of safety 2 Investigate the effects of loading on beams.5 carryout tests to validate critical load calculations 3 Investigate the behaviour of loaded structural members by considering strain energy P3.

Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology .II. applied A range of sources of information has been used The selection of methods and techniques/sources has been justified the design of methods/techniques has been justified Complex information/data has been synthesised and processed appropriate learning methods/techniques have been applied M3 present and communicate appropriate findings The appropriate structure and approach has been used Coherent.BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Merit/Distinction Grade: Merit/Distinction Grade is achieved by meeting all following Grade Descriptors Contextualised Evidence/Examples To achieve the grade you will need to: Merit descriptors In order to achieve a distinction the learner must: M1 identify and apply strategies to find appropriate solutions M2 select/design and apply appropriate methods/techn iques Indicative characteristics The learner’s evidence shows: find the solutions for Effective judgments have been made Complex problems with more than one variable Task 1. use clear diagrams and communicate your ideas and solutions clearly.II correctly using have been explored effective judgments. An effective approach to study and research has been applied Relevant theories and techniques have been apply relevant theories applied and techniques correctly A range of methods and techniques have been in Task 3. logical development of principles/concepts for the intended audience A range of methods of presentation have been used and technical language has been accurately used Communication has taken place in familiar and unfamiliar contexts The communication is appropriate for familiar and unfamiliar audiences and appropriate media have been used use an appropriate structure and approach throughout the report.

Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology .BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Distinction Indicative characteristics descriptors In order to achieve a distinction the The learner’s evidence shows: learner must: D1 use critical reflection to evaluate own work and justify valid conclusions Conclusions have been arrived at through synthesis of ideas and have been justified The validity of results has been evaluated using defined criteria Self-criticism of approach has taken place Realistic improvements have been proposed against defined characteristics for success Autonomy/independence has been demonstrated Substantial activities.II D2 take responsibility for managing and organizing activities demonstrate independence throughout the submission.b. D3 Demonstrate convergent/lat eral/creative thinking solve Task 2 and Task 6. managed and organized Activities have been managed The unforeseen has been accommodated Importance of interdependence has been recognized and achieved Ideas have been generated and decisions taken Self-evaluation has taken place Convergent and lateral thinking have been applied Problems have been solved Innovation and creative thought have been applied Receptiveness to new ideas is evident Effective thinking has taken place in unfamiliar contexts Contextualised Evidence/Examples to achieve the grade you will need to: demonstrate the synthesis of ideas and justification Task_4.I correctly. projects or investigations have been planned.

2 P1.3 P2.4 P2.BTEC HND in Mechanical Engineering Grading Matrix P1.1 P1.5 P3.1 P3.2 P3.3 P3.2 P2.4 Assignment_ 1 Assignment_ 2 Practical_ 1 Practical_ 2 M1  M2   M3   D1   D2   D3                Strengths of Materials – Assignment 02 International College of Business and Technology .1 P2.3 P2.