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Iodine Deficiency

According to the UNICEF, there are millions of children worldwide, who suffer from developmental disturbances caused by iodine deficiency.

Reducing your risk of iodine deficiency

You may be able to lower your risk of iodine deficiency by: y Eating foods grown in iodinerich soils y Eating meat and dairy products y Eating seafood or seaweed y Taking vitamin and mineral supplements that contain iodine y Using iodized salt Here is a list of foods that contain iodine: Food - Serving - Iodine (mcg) y Salt (iodized) - 1 gram - 77 y Cod - 3 ounces 99 y Shrimp - 3 ounces - 35 y Fish sticks - 2 fish sticks - 35 y Tuna, canned in oil - 3 ounces (1/2 can) - 17 y Milk (cow¶s) - 1 cup (8 fluid ounces) - 56 y Egg, boiled - 1 large - 12 y Navy beans, cooked - 1/2 cup 32 y Potato with peel, baked - 1 medium - 60 y Turkey breast, baked - 3 ounces - 34 y Seaweed - 1/4 ounce

What is Iodine Deficiency?
Iodine is a natural requirement of our diets. Iodine deficiency can lead to inadequate production of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). For example, in some parts of Zaire, Ecuador, India, and Chile, remote, mountainous areas, such as in the Alps (in the past), Andes and the Himalayas have a particular predisposition to severe iodine deficiency, goiter, and hypothyroidism. Since the addition of iodine to table salt, iodine deficiency is rarely seen in the United States.

What are the risk factors for iodine deficiency?
The main risk factor for iodine deficiency is living in an area where the soil is iodine deficient and food from the ocean or iodized salt is not readily available. At-risk areas include:
y y y y y y

Africa, especially Central Africa Andes Mountains and other areas of South America Eastern Europe Himalayas and other areas of Asia, including Central and Southeast Asia Mountainous regions of Central America and Mexico The Alps

Thyroid replacement hormones are required if the thyroid is removed.SYMPTOMS Common symptoms that can occur with prolonged iodine deficiency include: y y y y y What causes iodine deficiency? Our bodies do not produce iodine. Sometimes vitamin and mineral supplements containing iodine may be used. mountainous areas and inland lowlands far from the oceans tend to have iodine-poor soil. Iodine deficiency is rare in the United States. Complications of iodine deficiency include: y y y y y y y y Cognitive decline and personality changes Coma Congestive heart failure Cretinism Depression Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck) Menstrual irregularities Mental retardation Miscarriage or stillbirth . Natural sources of iodine include food from the sea and from areas where the soil is rich in iodine. so it must come from our diet. women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should take multivitamins that include iodine. Because iodine is so important during fetal and early childhood development. the thyroid gland may need to be removed. These are the areas where iodine deficiency is most common. Should iodine deficiency develop. Because animal feed is also often supplemented with iodine. partly due to widespread use of iodized salt. Occasionally. This is particularly true if a large goiter makes it difficult to swallow or breathe. The introduction of iodized salt has greatly reduced the occurrence of iodine deficiency in the United States and throughout many parts of the world. Adding iodized table salt and foods high in iodine to the diet may be enough to achieve normal iodine levels. creating a mass in the neck) Increased sensitivity to cold Menstrual cycle abnormalities Protrusion of the eyes Thickening of the skin Thinning and brittleness of the hair and nails Unintended weight gain Weakness How is iodine deficiency treated? The main treatment for iodine deficiency is avoiding it in the first place. Worldwide. meat and dairy products tend to be high in iodine. y y y y y y y Constipation Depressed mood Dry skin Fatigue Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid. the treatment is iodine replacement.