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SMK KUALA PERLIS, 02000 KUALA PERLIS,PERLIS UJIAN DIAGNOSTIK SUBJEK: CHEMISTRY Masa: NAMA:........................................ ........... TINGKATAN:............................... ...........

Arahan: Jawab semua soalan Chemical Formula and Equation

1 A B C

Which of the following statement is not true for one mole of a substance? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah tidak benar bagi satu mol bahan? 1 mole of copper contains 6.02 x 1023 atoms 1 mol kuprum mengandungi 6.02 x 1023 atom 1 mole of oxygen gas contains 6.02 x 1023 molecules 1 mol gas oksigen mengandungi 6.02 x 1023 molekul 1 mole of water contains the same number of atoms as in 12 g of carbon-12 1 mol air mengandungi bilangan atom yang sama dengan bilangan atom dalam 12g karbon-12 1 mole of carbon dioxide contains the same number of molecules as the number of atoms in 12g of carbon-12 1 mol karbon dioksida mengandungi bilangan molekul yang sama dengan bilangan atom dalam 12g karbon-12 The mass of one atom of element Y is two times more than an atom of oxygen. What is the relative atomic mass of element Y? [Relative atomic mass: O = 16) Jisim 1 atom unsur Y adalah dua kali lebih berat dari satu atom oksigen. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi unsur Y? [Jisim atom relatif: O = 16) A B C D 12 24 32 36

D

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3

What is the relative formula mass of hydrated copper(II) sulphate,CuSO4.5H20? [Relative atomic mass: Cu =64 , H = 1 , S = 32 , O = 16] Berapakah jisim formula relatif bagi kuprum(II) sulfat hidrat? [Jisim atom relatif: Cu = 64 , H = 1 , S = 32 , O = 16] A B C D 160 186 210 250

2.Structure atom
4.Diagram 1 shows ice being heated . Which of the following is process Y? Rajah 1 menunjukkan ais dipanaskan. Antara berikut , yang manakah proses
Heat Wate Process Y Ice rPanaskan Ais Proses Y Air

apakah nombor nukleon atom Q? A B C D 35 33 31 30 6 Table 2 shows the melting points and boiling points for four substances P .5 Number of neutrons = 16 5 Bilangan neutron = 16 Based on the information given above.Q.8.5 Susunan elektron = 2.Diagram 1 Rajah 1 A B C D Melting Peleburan Condensation Kondensasi Freezing Pembekuan Boiling Pendidihan Atom Q Atom Q Electron arrangement = 2. Jadual 2 menunjukkan takat lebur dan takat didih bagi empat bahan P. . R and S. Q.8. what is the nucleon number of atom Q ? Berdasarkan maklumat yang diberi di atas. R dan S.

yang manakah wujud sebagai cecair pada 10 oC ? A B C D 7 P Q R S Which of the following substances consist of atoms? Antara bahan berikut.Substance Bahan P Q R S Melting point ( o C) Takat lebur( o C) 110 -20 25 -60 Boiling point ( o C) Takat didih( o C) 453 19 98 -10 Table 2 Jadual 2 Which of the following substance exists as liquid at 10 oC ? Antara bahan berikut . Pernyataan berikut adalah mengenai atom. The mass of an atom is concentrated in the . The following statement is about an atom. yang manakah terdiri daripada atom? A Magnesium Magnesium B Nitrogen gas Gas nitrogen C Lead(II) iodide Plumbum(II) iodida D Naphthalene Naftalena 8.

J. manakah merupakan garam tak larut? A Calcium nitrate Kalsium nitrat B Potassium nitrate Kalium nitrat C Calcium carbonate Kalsium karbonat D Potassium carbonate Kalium karbonat . Thomson B Neils Bohr C Ernest Rutherford D James Chadwick 9 Which of the following is an insoluble salt? Antara yang berikut. Jisim bagi suatu atom tertumpu dalam nukleus yang mengandungi zarah bercas positif Which of the following scientists made the statement? Antara saintis berikut manakah yang membuat kenyataan tersebut? A J.nucleus which contains positively charged particles.

B.C atau D dalam Jadual Berkala . yang manakah wujud sebagai A B gas monoatom? C D 12 Diagram 4 shows the symbol of an element J . Rajah 4 menunjukkan simbol unsur J. C or D in the Periodic Table exists as monoatomic gas ? Antara unsur A.1 0 Which of the following isotopes is used to detect the leakage in a gas pipe? Antara isotop berikut manakah digunakan untuk mengesan kebocoran dalam paip gas? A Carbon-14 Karbon-14 B Iodine-131 Iodin-131 C Cobalt-60 Kobalt-60 D Sodium-24 Natrium-24 11. B. 9 1 9 J . Which of the following elements A.

X . Jadual 1 menunjukkan bilangan proton . neutrons and electrons for particles F and G. Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi ion yang terbentuk drp atom Q.Diagram 4 Rajah 4 The position of element J in the Periodic Table is Kedudukan unsur J dalam Jadual Berkala adalah Period Kala 2 3 2 3 Group Kumpulan 17 17 1 1 A B C D 13 Table 1 shows the number of protons. Particle Zarah F G Number of protons Bilangan proton 12 19 Number of neutrons Number of Bilangan neutron electrons Bilangan elektron 12 12 20 18 Table 1 Jadual 1 Which of the following is true about particles F and G ? Antara berikut yang manakah adalah benar mengenai atom F dan G ? A B C The mass of one atom of F is 24 Jisim satu atom F ialah 24 The nucleon number of atom G is 37 Nombor nucleon atom G ialah 37 The number of valence electrons of particle F is 2 and the number of valence electron of particle G is 8 Bilangan elektron valens zarah F ialah 2 manakala bilangan elektron valens zarah G ialah 8 The number of valence electrons of particle F is 2 and the number of valence electron of particle G is 1 Bilangan elektron valens zarah F ialah 2 manakala bilangan elektron valens zarah G ialah 1 D 14 Diagram 7 shows the arrangement of electrons for ion produced from atom Q. neutron dan elektron bagi zarah F dan G.

The elements can react with oxygen to form oxides. Jadual 2 menunjukkan unsur-unsur Kala 3 dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur. yang manakah benar mengenai atom Q ? A B C D 15 Atom Q is located in Group 1 of the Periodic Table Atom Q terletak dalam Kumpulan 1 Jadual Berkala. Element Na Unsur Mg Al Si P S Cl TABLE 2 JADUAL 2 Which of the following element form oxide that can react with both hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide solution? Antara berikut unsur manakah membentuk oksida yang boleh bertindak balas dengan asid hidroklorik dan juga larutan natrium hidroksida? A S B P C Si D Al 16 Which of the following substances can conduct electricity in molten or aqueous solution? Antara bahan berikut. yang manakah boleh mengkonduksi elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan larutan akueus? A Lead(II) bromide .Diagram 7 Rajah 7 Which of the following statement is true about atom Q ? Antara berikut. Unsur-unsur tersebut bertindak balas dengan oksigen membentuk oksida. Atom Q has 7 electrons in its valence shell Atom Q mempunyai 7 elektron pada petala valensnya Atom Q is an inert gas Atom Q adalah gas lengai Atom Q has achieved the octet electron arrangement Atom Q telah mencapai susunan oktet Table 2 shows the elements in Period 3 of the Periodic Table of elements.

. Unsur Y mempunyai nombor proton 17. Element Y has a proton number of 17.Plumbum(II) bromida B Potassium chloride Kalium klorida C Tetrachloromethane Tetraklorometana D Naphthalene Naftalena 17 Which of the following statement best explains the low melting point of covalent compounds? Antara pernyataan berikut. Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan dalam elektrolisis. yang manakah paling tepat menerangkan mengapa takat lebur sebatian kovalen adalah rendah? A B C D Covalent bond is weak Ikatan kovalen adalah lemah The intermolecular forces are weak Daya tarikan antara molekul adalah lemah Covalent compounds are volatile Sebatian kovalen meruap Covalent compounds exist as gas at room temperature Sebatian kovalen wujud sebagai gas pada suhu bilik 18 Element X is located in Group 14 of the Periodic Table. Antara berikut yang manakah menunjukkan formula dan jenis sebatian yang terbentuk apabila unsur X berpadu dengan unsur Y? Formula Formula XY2 X4Y Type of Compound Jenis Sebatian Ionic Ionik Covalent Kovalen Ionic Ionik Covalent Kovalen A B C D XY XY4 19 Diagram 1 shows the set-up of the apparatus for electrolysis. Which of the following shows the formula and type of compound formed when element X combines with element Y? Unsur X terletak di Kumpulan 14 dalam Jadual Berkala.

water and carbon dioxide gas Asid bertindak balas dengan karbonat logam menghasilkan garam. air dan gas hidrogen . air dan gas karbon dioksida D Acids react with metal oxide to produce salt.Carbon Electrolyte Karbon Elektrolit Carbon Karbon 20 DIAGRAM 1 RAJAH 1 Which of the following compound can be used as an electrolyte? Antara sebatian berikut yang manakah boleh digunakan sebagai elektrolit? A Ammonia solution Larutan ammonia B Glucose solution Larutan glukosa C Naphthalene Naftalena D Ethanol Etanol Which of the following is true about acids? Yang manakah antara berikut adalah benar mengenai asid? A Acids react with metal to produce salt and water Asid bertindak balas dengan logam menghasilkan garam dan air B Acids react with alkali to produce salt and hydrogen gas Asid bertindak balas dengan alkali menghasilkan garam dan gas hidrogen C Acids react with metal carbonate to produce salt. water and hydrogen gas Asid bertindak balas dengan oksida logam menghasilkan garam.

when added to dilute ethanoic acid. yang manakah benar tentang alkali lemah? A B C D Unable to neutralise an acid Tidak boleh meneutralkan asid The pH value is less than 7 Nilai pH lebih kecil daripada 7 Able to change blue litmus paper to red Boleh menukarkan warna kertas litmus biru kepada merah Ionises partially in water to produce hydroxide ions Mengion separa dalam air untuk menghasilkan ion-ion hidroksida 2 3 Which of the following salts can be prepared by precipitation reaction? Yang manakah antara garam berikut boleh disediakan melalui tindak balas pemendakan? A Zinc nitrate Zink nitrat B Barium sulphate Barium sulfat C Sodium chloride Natrium klorida D Potassium carbonate Kalium karbonat . will decrease the pH value of the acid? Antara bahan berikut. yang manakah apabila ditambahkan kepada asid etanoik cair. akan menurunkan nilai pH asid tersebut? A B C D Sodium carbonate Natrium karbonat Magnesium oxide Magnesium oksida Sodium hydroxide Natrium hidroksida Hydrogen chloride gas Gas hidrogen klorida 2 2 Which of the following is true about a weak alkali? Antara berikut.2 1 Which of the following substance.

copper(II) oxide Ammonium sulfat. kuprum(II) oksida C Copper powder.24 Which of the following pairs of substances is most suitable for the preparation of copper(II) sulphate? Antara pasangan bahan berikut yang manakah paling sesuai digunakan untuk menyediakan kuprum(II) sulfat? A Dilute sulphuric acid. dilute sulphuric acid Serbuk kuprum. larutan kuprum(II) nitrat 2 5 Which of the following salts is soluble in water? Antara garam berikut. yang manakah larut dalam air? A Magnesium carbonate Magnesium karbonat B Silver chloride Argentum klorida C Copper(II) nitrate Kuprum(II) nitrat D Barium sulphate Barium sulfat 26 The information below shows the properties of a substance.aqueous copper(II) nitrate Larutan natrium sulfat. asid sulfurik cair D Aqueous sodium sulphate. copper(II) carbonate Asid sulfurik cair. • • Hard Keras Good insulator of electricity and heat Penebat elektrik dan haba yang baik • Inert towards chemicals . Maklumat di bawah menunjukkan sifat-sifat suatu bahan. kuprum(II) karbonat B Ammonium sulphate.

Which substance has the above properties? Bahan yang manakah mempunyai sifat-sifat seperti di atas? A Glass Kaca B Alloy Aloi C Polymer Polimer D Ceramics Seramik 27 Diagram 5 shows the arrangement of atoms in a substance. Rajah 5 menunjukkan susunan atom dalam suatu bahan. Diagram 5 Rajah 5 Which substance may have the arrangement of atoms as shown above? Bahan manakah mungkin mempunyai susunan atom seperti di atas? A B C D 28 alloy aloi metal logam polymer polimer composite material Bahan komposit Why is ceramic used for the wall of a nuclear reactor? Mengapakah seramik digunakan sebagai dinding reaktor nuclear? A Ceramic is very hard Seramik sangat kuat B Ceramic is very malleable Seramik mudah ditempa C Ceramic is inert towards chemical Seramik lengai terhadap bahan kimia D Ceramic can withstand high temperature Seramik tahan kepada suhu yang tinggi .

How can we prevent the bridge pillars from rusting? Rajah 10 menunjukkan Jambatan Pulau Pinang. Bagaimana kita boleh menceg Bridge pillars Tiang jambatan .29 Diagram 10 shows the Penang Bridge.

Diagram 10 Rajah 10 A Alloying Pengaloian B Tin plating Penyaduran timah C Galvanizing Penggalvanian D Sacrificial protection Perlindungan pengorbanan 30 The following information are some of the uses of a manufactured substance. dalam industri. in industry. Z. Maklumat berikut menunjukkan beberapa kegunaan bahan buatan. Z. • • • Manufacture of urea Penghasilan urea As a cooling agent in refrigerator Sebagai bahan penyejuk dalam peti sejuk Manufacture of explosives Penghasilan bahan letupan Which substance is suitable as Z? Bahan yang manakah sesuai sebagai Z? A B C D Polymer Polimer Ammonia Ammonia Sulphuric acid Asid sulfurik Composite material Bahan komposit .

Diagram 8 shows a method of preparing insoluble salt by mixing solution X and solution Y.Neutralisation reaction Tindak balas peneutralan B. A. Rajah 8 menunjukkan suatu kaedah penyedian garam tak terlarutkan melalui campuran larutan X dan larutan Y.Precipitation reaction Tindak balas pemendakan D.31.Addition reaction Tindak balas penambahan 32 Which of the following are the properties of glass? .Substitutiuon reaction Tindak balas penukar gantian C. Apakah jenis tindak balas ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 8. Solution X Larutan X Solution Y Larutan Y Salt Garam Mixing two solution Campuran dua larutan Filter and rinse Turas dan bilas Salt crystalsDry Keringkan Diagram 8 Rajah 8 What is the type of the reaction shown in Diagram 8.

II.Antara berikut. II. III and IV only II. yang manakah sifat-sifat kaca? I Transparent Lutsinar II Does not react with chemical Tidak bertindak balas dengan bahan kimia III Can be cleaned easily Senang dicuci IV Can insulate heat Boleh menebat haba A I and III only I dan III sahaja B I. III dan IV sahaja C II. III dan IV 33 Plastics can cause pollution because Plastik boleh menyebabkan pencemaran kerana A plastics are widely use in daily life plastik digunakan dengan meluas dalam kehidupan harian B plastics are biodegradable plastik adalah terbiodegradasi . III and IV only I. III and IV I. III dan IV sahaja D I.

2 cm3 89.4 cm3 67.5 mol (NH4)3PO4 0.5 mol (NH4)2SO4 1.6 cm3 . Gas ammonia terurai mengikut persamaan berikut.0 mol NH4NO3 35 Ammonia gas dissociates according to the following equation.C burning of plastics can release toxic gases pembakaran plastik menghasilkan gas toksik D some plastics can be recycled sesetengah plastik boleh dikitar semula 34 Which of the following fertilizers has the highest number of nitrogen atoms? Manakah antara baja-baja berikut mengandungi bilangan atom nitrogen yang paling tinggi? A B C D 0.4 dm3 at STP] A B C 22. 2 NH3(g) à N2(g) + 3H2(g) What is the total volume of gas produced if 112 cm3 of ammonia gas dissociate at STP? [1 mol of gas occupies 22.0 mol NH4Cl 1.4 dm3 at STP] Berapakah jumlah isipadu gas yang terhasil jika 112 cm3 gas ammonia terurai? [1 mole of gas occupies 22.

D 224.0 cm3 36 Diagram 13 shows a racing car. Substance Q DIAGRAM 13 RAJAH 13 Substance Q has the following properties: Bahan Q mempunyai ciri-ciri berikut: • strong . The body of the car is made of substance Q. Rajah 13 menunjukkan sebuah kereta lumba. Badan kereta tersebut diperbuat daripada bahan Q.

kuat • light ringan • withstand high temperature tahan haba tinggi • durable tahan lasak Which of the following is substance Q? Antara berikut manakah bahan Q? A Ceramic Seramik B Concrete Konkrit C Plastic Plastik D Composite material Bahan komposit Soalan strukturPAPER 2 – STRUCTURE SECTION A 1 Graph 1 shows the temperature against time of solid substance X when heated. Substance X is an organic compound and flammable. .

.36 Time/s S R P Q 3 Temperature / 0C ss 0 0 80 GRAPH 1 (a) Draw a diagram of the set-up of the apparatus used to determine the melting point of substance X.

........................................... [ 2 marks] (iii) Explain why the temperature remains constant from Q to R................................................................................................................................. .................... .............................. [ 1 mark] (ii) What is the state of matter of substance X at : PQ : ..... RS : ....................................................[ 2 marks] (b) (i) State the melting point of substance X ................................. ................................................... [ 2 marks] (iv) State how the movement of substance X particles changes between R and S during heating..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark] ......... .................................................................................. .....

.......................................... [ 2 marks] (d) Identify subtance X .... 1 18 DIAGRAM 2 (a) Write the electron arrangement of V atom....... sketch the graph of temperature against time obtained............X. [ 1 mark] 2 Diagram 2 shows part of the Periodic Table of Elements..... ……………………………………………………………………………………...........(a) If substance X is cooled to the room temperature without stirring...........V....W................... ..........................................Y and Z do not represent the 2 W 13 14 X 15 16 17 V Y Z actual symbol of the elements....................

................................................................. boiling point and electrical conductivity of substance P............................................................................ (i) Which of the element is more reactive? ............................................................ Electrical conductivity Melting point (oC) Boiling point (oC ) Solid Molten \ Substance P 805 1460 No Yes Q 1549 2950 Yes Yes ................................. 3 The table 3 shows melting point.................................. .......... R.................................................... [1 mark ].. (iii) Which element is non-metal? ........ [2 mark ] (c) V and Y are located in the same group in the Periodic Table of Elements.................. and T .......................[1 mark ] (b) ....... [1 mark ] (ii) Which element is metal? .......................... Q............................................................ (i) Which of the element is not chemically reactive..........

.....................................R -210 -153 No No T -7 59 No No Table 3 (a) Which of the substances is a metal ? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (b) (i) state the type of particle in substance P ? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) Explain why substance P cannot conduct electricity in solid but can conduct electricity molten state.......................................................................... .................................................................................................. ......................................................... . ..................................... T : . [2 marks] (c) (i) What is the physical state of R and T at room temperature ? R : .............. [2 marks] (ii) Draw the arrangement of particles in substance T at room temperature ...........................................................................

.... Compound J formed from reaction between element X and element Y __ __ 2+ Y X Y Diagram 4 (a) How are Y ion and X ion formed from their respective atoms? Y ion: …………………………………………………………………………………………………... [ 2 marks ] 4 The diagram 4 shows the electron arrangement of compound J.........[ 2 marks ] (iii) Explain why the melting and boiling points of substance R and T is low ? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………. X ion : ………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 marks] .......

....................................................... [1 mark] (iii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction between element X and element Y to form compound J............. Y : …………………………………................................................................................... [Given that proton number for carbon is 6] [3 marks] .....................................(b) (i) Write the formula for compound J .......................................................................... .......... Draw the electron arrangement for the compound formed............ [1 mark] (c) (i) Write the electron arrangement for atom of element X and Y X :……………………………………......... [2 marks] (d) Y can react with carbon to form a compound.......... [1 mark] (ii) Name type of bond in compound J ......................................................................

Write 5 information that can be obtained from the element given.5. Below are the symbols of element X 27 13 X 12 6 Z 5. JAWAPAN UNTUK SOALAN OBJEKTIF NO SOALAN 1 JAWAPAN NO JAWAPAN SOALAN 21 2 22 3 23 .

4 24 5 25 6 26 7 27 8 28 9 29 10 30 11 31 12 32 13 33 14 34 15 35 16 36 17 .

18 19 20 .