You are on page 1of 3

Parts of the human brain In the brain anatomy of vertebrates, the forebrain (English: prosencephalon, forebrain) is the upper

part of the brain. At this stage of development of central nervous system (English: the fivevesicle stage), the forebrain develops and separates itself into a big brain and diensefalon. If in the embryo, the forebrain experiencing barriers to progress to the second lobe of this, there will be a condition called holoprosensefali (English: holoprosencephaly). The cerebrum Cerebrum (English: telencephalon, cerebrum) is the most prominent front part of the forebrain. The cerebrum consists of two parts, namely the left and right hemispheres. Each hemisphere organize and serve the body in the opposite, the left hemisphere regulates the body to the right and vice versa. If the left hemisphere of the brain impaired the right side of the body will have the disorder, even paralysis. Each hemisphere is divided into four forebrain of the frontal lobes, pariental, okspital, and temporal. Between frontal lobe and the lobe pariental separated by the central sulcus or fissure Rolando. The term refers to the structure of the embryonic telencephalon which later evolved into the cerebrum: Dorsal telencephalon or pallium develops into the cerebral cortex Ventral telencephalon or sub-pallium develops into the basal ganglia. The cerebral cortex of Of the cerebral cortex (English: cerebral cortex, gray matter) is a thin layer of gray which consists of 15-33 billion neurons, each connected to about 10,000 synapses, one cubic millimeter there are approximately one billion synapses. Communication that occurs between neurons in the form of a long series of signal pulses called action potentials made possible through protoplamik fibers called axons that can be passed down to a distant part of the brain or body to find a specific cell receptors. There are six layers of cortex, the neocortex / isokorteks, arcikorteks, paleokorteks, allokorteks that many times so that its surface becomes wider with a thickness of 2 to 4 mm. Layers of the cortex there are different kinds of nerve centers that control memory, attention, perception, consideration, language and consciousness. Ganglia basic Basic ganglia (English: the basal ganglia, white matter) is a layer of white. The inner layer contains nerve fibers, ie Dendrite and Neurit The cerebrum is the main nerve center, because it has a very important function in the regulation of all activities of the body, especially with regard to intelligence (intelligence), memory (memory), awareness, and consideration. In detail, the activity is controlled in different areas.

Visual areas (vision) is located at the tip of the occipital lobe that receives the shadow and the shadow subsequently interpreted. hypothalamus. The very bottom of the motor cortex has a relationship with the ability to speak. In this area various properties of the perceived feeling then interpreted. On the back (posterior) entralis sulcus is an area of Sensory. intratalamika limitan zone (English: zone limitans intrathalamica. body temperature and secretion of hormones and other biological functions. the thalamus (medial and lateral nucleus group) in the cerebellum.In front of the slit center (central sulcus) regions contained motor which controls voluntary movement. including defecation and copulation. epitalamus pretektum Brain middle Midbrain (English: mesencephalon) is part of the brain that has the structure: tektum. Pretalamus suspected to have contributed in the control of consumption patterns. the thalamic reticular nucleus. the central control of biological time. interbrain) is part of the brain that consists of: mid-diencephalic territory pretalamus / ventral thalamus / subtalamus. which serves as the center of the signal as the cerebrum and as a barrier between the thalamus and pretalamus. Regional hearing (auditory) located in the temporal lobe. located below the hypothalamus gland. ZLI). As for taste and smell center is located at the tip of the anterior temporal lobe. serves as the initial process of visual and eye movement control cerebral peduncle tegmentum is a multi-synaptic networks involved in homeostasis and trajectory reflex system. is involved in auditory processing. Diensefalon Diensefalon (English: diencephalon. and to red nucleus and substantia nigra in the midbrain. Anterior to the frontal lobe areas associated with the ability to think. The hypothalamus is located at the base of the forebrain. the impression or the sound is received and interpreted. . superior colliculi. consisting of two pairs of colliculi are called corpora quadrigemina: inferior colliculi. In this area. thalamus / dorsal thalamus that functions such as communication link between the hemispheres of the brain. and the fields of trout. Signals received from various brainstem nuclei projected to the part of the thalamus called the medial geniculate nucleus to be forwarded to the primary auditory cortex (English: the primary auditory cortex). Nuclei of the zone incerta. Pretalamus patterned SHH signal (English: Sonic hedgehog homolog) of ZLI and after that make a different connection to the striatum (caudate nucleus and putamen) in the forebrain.

and blinking. sneezing. advanced marrow (English: the medulla oblongata) and cerebellum (English: the cerebellum). metencephalon. The function of the cerebellum is to adjust the stance or body position. and secretion of digestive glands. motion digestion. Marrow continued to form the lower part of the brain stem and pons bridge connects with the spinal cord. body temperature. . as well as connecting the cerebellum with the cerebrum cortex. The cerebellum is located in the occipital lobe of cerebrum carry. and cranial nerve which controls the heart rate are also in this marrow. [3] It also acts as a central regulator of reflex physiology. Movements become uncoordinated. such as coughing. air pressure. for example the person is not able to put food into his mouth. and coordination of muscle movements that occur consciously. In the event of injury to the cerebellum. rhombencephalon) include bridge Varol (English: the pons. These three sections form the brain stem (English: the brainstem). A group of neurons in the reticular formation in the marrow continued to function to control the respiratory system. balance. The cerebellum consists of two parts and a surface grooved. may cause interference with the attitude and the coordination of muscle movements. dilation or constriction of blood vessels. The other function is to regulate reflexes.crus cerebri substantia nigra The brain behind the Hindbrain (English: myelencephalon. Little Brain Cerebellum (English: the cerebellum) is the largest part of hindbrain. Varol bridge contains nerve fibers that connect the left and right lobe of the cerebellum. the pons Varolii).