You are on page 1of 4

8

20 s^{_phcn 2012 Xn¶ƒ

Fkv.F-k.F¬.kn. v
aplΩ-Zv jn-PmZv
]-Z_-‘w a-\- n-em-°n hn´p-t]m-b ]-Zw FgpXp-I. 1. B‚n-_-tbm-´n-Iv: A-e-Iv-km-≠¿ ^v-f-anMv ˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛ : F-tUz¿-Uv P-∂¿ (1) 2. lr-Z-bNn-In¬k : Im¿Un-tbmfPn t\-{XNn-In¬-k ˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛˛

+ ]-co-£-bv-°v H-cp am¿-KtcJ A
Poh-im-kv{Xw
H-‰-bv-°p Po-hn-°p-∂ {]-IrXw, ]-I¬k-©mcw, Iq´m-b Po-hnXw, `£-Ww ]-g-ß-fpw C-e-I-fpw, cm{Xnk-©m-cw s{]m-ko-an-b≥kv B-t{¥m-t]m-bv-Uv-k

20 s^{_phcn 2012 Xn¶ƒ

Po-hn-bmW' H-cp N¿-®m-th-f-bn¬ C-ßs\-sbmcp {]-kv-Xm-h-\ \S-∂p F-∂n-cn-°s´. a-\pjy\pw Ip-cßpw X-Ωn-ep-≈ i-cnbm-b _-‘w hy-‡-am-I-Ø°hn-[w \n߃ Cu {]-kv-Xmh-\-tbm-Sv Fß-s\ {]-Xn-I-cn-°pw ? (2) 9. tImfw Abp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-Sp-Øn tImfw B, tImfw C, F∂n-h tN-cpw]-Sn tN¿-°pI. (4) A ssl-t∏m-Xem-a-kv

(1)

3. D¬-∏-cn-h¿-Ø-\ kn-≤m-¥w B-hn-jv-I-cn®-X.v a) B¬-{^-Uv d- ¬ b) lyqtKm Uo {]okv c) l-tcmƒ-Uv bqtd d) bp-hm≥ Hm-sd (1) 4. sN-dp-a¬-ky-ßfpw ]-®-°-dn-Ifpw B-lm-c-Øns‚ `m-K-am-hp∂-Xv tKm-bn-‰¿ tc-mKw h-cm-Xn-cn°m-\p-≈ ap≥ I-cp-X-emWv. Imc-Ww hn-i-Z-am°p-I ? (2) 5. Nn{Xw ]-I¿-Øn-hc-®v Xm-sg sIm-Sp-Øn-cn-°p∂ `m-K-߃ A-S-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp-I. (3)

C 14. ]m-ºn-s\°-≠p t]-Sn-® Ip-´n-bp-sS i-co-c-Øn¬ B ¬ - t U m -D-S-s\bpw A¬-∏w I-gn™pw D-≠m-b {]-h¿-ØtIm-i-ß-ƒ kv‰o-tdm¨ \-߃ Xm-sg sIm-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p. a) D-an-\o-cn-s‚ D¬-∏mZ-\w Ip-d-bp∂p. sF-e-‰vkv b) lr-Z-b-an-Sn-∏v h¿-[n-°p∂p. Hm-^v em≥-K¿ \m- U otIm- i - d n - e o - k n - M v ß-ƒ tlm¿-tam¨ c)izm-tkm-—zm-k\nc-°v Iq-Sp∂p lm-≥kv d)lr-Z-b-an-Sn-∏v km-[m-c-W K-Xn-bn-em-hp∂p. A-{Un-\¬ ap≥Zfw e)Ir-jv-Wa-Wn hn-I-kn-°p∂p. C≥-kp-en≥ {K-Ÿn f)D-an-\o¿ D¬-∏mZ-\w Iq-Sp-∂p. Im¬kn-tSm]n-‰yp‰-dn {K- tIm¿-´-Ivkv Wn≥ Ÿn a) Cu c-≠p L-´-ß-fnepw D-≈ i-co-c{]-h¿-ØtIm-i-߃ t{]m-em-I‰n≥ v\ß-sf \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂ \m-Uohy-h-ÿ-bp-sS `m-K-߃ G-sX√mw? 10. h-b-en-ep-≈ h-c-ºneqsS \-S∂p-t]m-b H-cmƒ Hcp h-i-tØ-°p th®p-t]mbn. ]t£, ho-gm-sX A-bmƒ k-a\n-e ho-s≠-Sp-°p-∂p. C-Xn¬ sNhn-bp-sSbpw \-m-Uo-hy-h-ÿ-bp-sSbpw ]-¶v F¥v? (2) 11. Nn-{Xo-Ic-Ww \n-co-£n®v A,B F∂n-h F-¥n-s\kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p F-s∂-gp-Xp-I. (2)
A
b) ta¬-∏-d-™

B

CMYK

15. DNAbpw RNAbpw X-Ωn¬ L-S-\-bn-ep-≈ hy-Xymk-߃ Im-Wn-°p-∂ ]´n-I X-øm-dm-°p-I. (C-g-bp-sS FÆw, ]-©-km-c-bp-sS C-\w, ss\{S-P≥ t_--kpIƒ) (3) 16. Xm-sg X-∂n-cn-°p-∂, a-\p-jy-s‚ ]-cnWm-ahr£-Øn¬ hn´p-t]m-b I-Æn-Iƒ G-sX-∂p I≠p-]n-Sn-°pI. (3)

What is an economy?
An economy is a system which provides people with the means to work and earn a living. Vital processes of an economy Every economy should undertake three economic activities. 1) Production 2) Consumption 3) Investment or capital formation Economic Problem Economic problem is a problem of choice involving satisfaction of unlimited wants out of limited resources having alternative uses. Meaning of economics Economics is a social science which studies the way a society chooses to use its limited resources, which have alternative uses, to produce goods and services and to distribute them among different groups of people. Branches of economics The subject matter of economics has been studied under two broad branches: Micro economics (Price Theory) and Macro economics (Income Theory)

Bases Meaning

Micro economics It studies the behavior of individual unit of economy The main tools are demand and supply.

Macro economics It studies the behavior of aggregates of the economy as a whole The main tools are aggregate demand and aggregate supply. The basic objective is to determine the income and employment level of an economy National Income, price level.

ssX-tdm-bvUv

Ip-d-bp∂p

t{Im-am·≥
a) b)

s\t{^m¨ A-h-iy-h-kv-Xp-°-fp-sS ]p-\-cm-Knc-Ww \-S-°p∂ ÿew A-Xn-kq£v-a A-cn-°¬ \-S-°p-∂ ÿ-ew

I q-S p∂ p

Tools

Im¬-kyw 10˛12mg/100ml
p p∂ -d-b p I

tlm-tam-km]n-b≥kv

d

6. ""I-∂p-Im-en-Iƒ-°v Zzn-t\-{X Z¿-i-\-ap-≠v''˛ Cu {]-kv-Xmh-\-tbm-Sp \n-߃ tbm-Pn-°p-∂pt≠m? F-¥p-sIm≠v? (2) 7. hn-´- `m-Kw ]q-cn-∏n°p-I (2)

C

B

Iq-Sp∂p

tlmtam l-_n-en-kv

]mcm-sXm¿-tam¨

b

hm-Iv-kn-\p-Iƒ 12. tem-I F-bv-Uv-kv Zn-\-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n-®p \-S-∂ sk-an-\m-dn¬, H-cmƒ-°v F-bv-Uv-kv _m-[n-°p∂Xv F-ß-s\-sb√mw F-∂p tUm-Œ¿ hn-i-Zo-Icn®p. tUm-Œ-dp-sS hn-i-Zo-Ic-Ww F-¥m-bn-cn°pw? (2)

Bƒ-°p-c-ßv B¿-Un-]n-Ø-°kv
a

a

ar-X-ßfm-b A-Wp-°ƒ

a

\n¿-ho-cy-am°-s∏´ tSmIv-kn-\pIƒ

Basic objec- The basic tives objective is to determine the price of commodity or factors of production Examples Individual income,Indi vidual output.

Central problems of an economy Allocation of resources: As resources are limited in relation to the unlimited wants, it is important to economize their use and utilise them for production of goods and services in the most efficient manner. The problem of allocation of resources can be studied under three heads: 1) What to produce? It involves deciding the final combination of output to be produced. 2) How to produce : It involves deciding the technique of production 3) For whom to produce: It involves deciding the distribution of output among people. Types of economics and solution of central problems 1.Socialist or centrally planned economy – Central planning 2.Capitalist economy or market economyPrice mechanism

h-kq-cn hm-Iv-kn≥

BCGhm-Iv-

b

kn≥
d

17. a)sa≥-U-en-s‚ ]m-c-º-cyt{]-jW \n-b-a-߃G-sX√mw? hn-i-Z-am-°pI.
b)

8. ""a-\p-jy≥ Ip-c-ßn¬\n-∂p ]-cn-W-an-®p-≠m-b

13. D-Nn-X-am-b-h I-s≠-Øn ]´n-I ]q¿-Øo-I-cn°pI. (2)

P-\n-X-I F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mn-s‚ 4 kw-`m-h-\Iƒ F-gp-Xp-I? (4)

CMYK

{]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ G-tX-Xp hn-`m-KØn¬s∏-Sp-∂p-sh-∂p ]-´n-I-s∏-Sp-Øp-I . (4)

O Shareefudheen

Difference between micro economics and macro economics

CMYK
Positive economics & Normative economics Positive economics deals with what are the economic problem and how are they actually solved. Normative economics deals with what ought to be or how the economic problem should be solved.

CMYK

CMYK CMYK

2 20 s^{_phcn 2012 Xn¶ƒ
3.Mixed economy- Planning and price mechanism. Production Possibility Curve (PPC) It refers to the graphical representation of all the possible combinations of two goods that can be produced with the given resources and technology. Opportunity Cost Opportunity cost is the cost of next best alternative or the cost of forgone alternative. Marginal Opportunity Cost It refers to the number of unit of a commodity sacrificed to gain one additional unit of another commodity. Consumer’s equilibrium A consumer is an equilibrium where he maximises his satisfaction from his purchase. It is achieved at the point at which budget line is tangent with a particular indifference curve.
Y

20 s^{_phcn 2012 Xn¶ƒ

3

Law of supply It explain direct relation between a change in supply and a change in price. Supply curve is positively sloping. A rise (expansion) in supply occurs due to a rise in price. But an increase in supply occurs due to other factors like rise in profit,fall in factor price etc. Elasticity of supply It is the ratio between percentage change in quantity supplied and percentage in price.
p q Es= ___ x – p q

In case of total concepts, a producer is in equilibrium where there is maximum gap between TR & TC.
TC

Y E E>1 E<1 D2

Price

D1 D3 X

Revenue
Cost

TR Profit maximum

O

Output

O

Q Output

Equilibrium Price It refers to the market price where market demand equals market supply. On equilibrium price whatever quantity is bought and sold is known as equilibrium quantity.

Supply is greater elastic when supply increases more than proportionate increases in price.

Perfect competition It refers to a market where there are large number of buyers and sellers, selling homogeneous goods at a single price. Price in this market in determined by the industry. A firm is a price taker in it and sells its goods at prevailing price. Monopoly It is a market situation where there is a single seller who has a complete control over his product. It sells goods which has no close substitute of it. Its demand is negatively slopping. No other firm is allowed to enter monopoly market. Monopolistic Competition It refers to a market situation which has a large number of buyers and sellers, selling differentiated product. In this market, consumer, have imperfect knowledge of market condition and there fore cost of advertisement is spent to manipulate consumers demand. It has a highly elastic demand curve. Demand curve under different market form D1- perfect competition D2 Monopoly D3 Monopolistic competition t]Pv G-gv Xp-S¿® 22.In which over was India’s scoring at the lowest? 23.How many wickets did Team India lose before the first five overs? 24.Which is the most productive over for India? 25.Write the total runs scored in 7th , 8th and 9th overs. Replace the underlined phrases in the following passage with suitable phrasal verbs from the bracket score 1×4=4 (make out,call on, put off, put on, turn up) 26.Sara was a bit late to wake up thatday. She remembered she had an important meeting in the morning. Sara at once wore dress and started for office. When she reached office nobody had yet come. She wondered why and finally understood that, the meeting was postponed to another day.

Y Price P

D E

S

Es<1 Price

Es=1

Es>1

S O

D Q Quantity DD&SS X

Consumer is at equilibrium at point 'E' when budget line 'AB' is just target to IC2

Commodity B

B E

N

1C3 1C2 1C1

0

M

A

X

Fixed cost and variable cost Fixed cost is that cost of production which do not vary with level of output such as rent of building, machinery etc. Variable cost is that cost which vary directly with the level of output such as cost of labour, raw material etc. Marginal cost Marginal cost is the cost of producing and additional unit of output. MC=TCN –TCN-1 Revenue It means the income of the firm(total earnings). Total revenue It is the total sale receipts of the firm. TR = AR x Q Marginal Revenue It is the income of the firm from the sale of an additional unit. Average revenue It is the total revenue divided by quantity sold. It is also known as price. Producer's equilibrium A producer is in equilibrium where he maximises his profits from the sale of goods. In case of marginal concept the producer is in equilibrium where (1) MR=MC, (2) MC cuts MR from below. Producer equilibrium under perfect competition.
AR=MR

Quantity

When income of the consumer increases, demand for the good also increases and equilibrium price go up. When income falls market demand falls and equilibrium price also falls. When price of substitute goods increases, equilibrium price also increases because demand for original good increases. Price ceiling It is the maximum price that a producer can charge for his products. It is set by govt. to help poor consumers. Ceiling price is also known as price control that give birth to rationing systems and black marketing. Minimum support price It is the minimum price which every producer get for his product. It is set by govt. In case there is no buyer at this price, goods will be bought by the govt. itself.

Commodity A

Law of Demand It explains the inverse price demand relationship. Demand curve is always negative sloping. Normal goods & inferior goods Normal goods are those goods which have inverse relationship between price and demand and direct relation with income and demand. Inferior goods are those goods which are inversely related with income and related with price. Elasticity of demand It explain the responsiveness of change in demand to change in q p price. Ed= ___ x – p q with a fall in price.When demand increases, it is elastic. It is inelastic when demand does not change with a fall in price. Law of variable proportion It states that, as the proportion of some variable factors is changed keeping some factors as fixed, total production changes at variable proportions. With some fixed factors of production (building, machinery) and with a variable factor (labour) increased and output is also seen as increased, it is known as returns to a factor. When all factors of production change in equal proportion and output changes in different proportion it is known as returns to scale.

Y

MC E MC

Rewrite the following sentences according to instructions 1×4=4 27.All this time, he could hear a painful cry from the woods. A painful cry____________ 28.Himalaya was used as a powerful metaphor by the poet The poet____________ 29.Teacher: Where is our class leader today? Students : She is on leave as she is not well. a.i.a.The teacher asked____________ a.i.b.Students replied______________ Complete following sentences 1×6=6 30.If you go late to the Samuel’s class______ 31.Unless you apologize to your mother for your bad words_________ 32.Though computers are highly useful to us____________

33.Tea Shops in Malayalam film mark the social structure of our society ,_________? 34.Linux operating system has far better security measures ,_____________? 35.The more you try,___________________ There are some errors in the following passage which errors are underlined for you. Edit and rewrite it. Score 5 36.Karna stand perplexed in the middle of the battle ground. The wheel of his chariot were stuck in the mud. He, then, remembered Parasurama, which was his teacher, and his fatal curse. Parasurama cursed him so that he could not use his skill on the most decisive moment. Arjuna took advantage of the situation and shot an arrow at he. Prepared By Asif Kodur Chennamangallur HSS

Price

O

Output

X

4 20 s^{_phcn 2012 Xn¶ƒ

Fkv.F-k.F¬.kn. v
^nkn-Iv-kv
I-gn-™ e°w Xp-S¿®

A+ ]-co-£-bv-°v H-cp am¿-KtcJ
3. \n-ß-fp-sS DØ-cw k-a¿-Yn-°pI? {]-]-©w F-∂ `m-K-Øn¬ \-£-{X-ß-fp-sS P\-\ a-c-W-߃, \n-d-߃ F-∂nh Hm¿-Øph-bv-°-Ww. s\-_p-e {]m-Kv\-£-{Xw ap-Jy-[m-cm \-£-{Xw Np-h-∂ `o-a≥
4 1.4

Fkv.F-k.F¬.kn. v
Max. Mark:80 Time: 2 1/2

+ ]-co-£-bv-°v H-cp am¿-KtcJ A
Social Science
k-a¿-Yn-°p-I. ˛5 10. ]-´n-I-bn-se hn-h-c-߃ i-cn-bm-bn {I-ao-I-cn°pI
A B C

H. alvdq^v
i-–w F-∂ ]mT-`mK-Øv tUm-π¿ C-^Iv‰v, A-\p-\mZw, C≥-{^m-tkm-WnIv, Aƒ{Sm tkm-Wn-Iv i-–߃, H-cp lm-fn-\I-sØ i-–-{I-ao-Ic-Ww F-∂nh {]-[m-\-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. sd-bn¬-th πm-‰vt^m-an¬ \n¬-°p-∂ H-cmƒ-°p s{S-bn-≥ h-c-ptºmgpw kv-t‰j≥ hn´p-t]m-Ip-tºmgpw tlm-Wn¬ h-cp-∂ i-–-hy-Xym-kw tUm-π¿ C-^Iv‰p-am-bn _-‘-s∏-Sp-Øn ]Tn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ¢m-kn¬ sNbv-X ]-co-£-W-ßfmb tkm-tWm-ao-‰dpw d-k-W≥-kv tIm-fhpw A-\p-\m-Z-hp-am-bn -_-‘-s∏-Sp-Øn A-dn-™n-cn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. 20 Hz\pw 20 KHz \pw C-S-bn-ep-≈ i-–w- am-{X-ta \-ap-°p tIƒ-°m≥ km-[n-°q. 20 Hz\p Xm-sg-bp-≈ i-–w C≥-{^m-tkm-Wn-°pw (I-m≠m-arKw, Xn-anw-Kew, B-\ F-∂n-h-bv-°v tIƒ-°mw) 20K Hz\p ap-I-fn-ep-≈h (\m-b, h-Δm¬ F∂n-h-bv-°p tIƒ°mw) Aƒ-{Sm-tkm-Wn°pw BWv. Cu c-≠p X-cw-K-ß-fpsSbpw D-]-tbm-K-߃ a-\- n-em-°n-bn-cn-°-Ww. A-\p-c-W\w(B-h¿-Ø-\{]-Xn-]-X-\-Øn-s‚ ^-e-am-bp≠m-hp-∂ ap-g°w), {]-Xn-[z\n (B-Zyi-–w {i-hn-®-Xn-\p ti-jw ho≠pw tIƒ-°p-∂Xv) F∂nh H-gn-hm-°n H-cp lmƒ \n¿-an-°p-∂-sXß-s\ F∂pw A-dn-b-Ww.
:288Hz ep-≈ D-tØ-Pn-∏n-® H-cp Syq-Wn-Mv t^m¿-°n-s‚ X-≠v tkmtWm ao-‰-

K-^q¿ s]m-‰-t»-cn
1. ""C-¥y-bp-sS kzm-X-{¥ye-œn H-tcka-bw k-t¥m-jhpw k-¥m-]hpw \¬-Ip∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p.'' kzm-X{¥ye-œn-bp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v cm-Pyw A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-® {]-bm-k-߃ hn-e-bn-cp-Øn Ip-dn-∏v X-øm-dm-°p-I. ˛4 2. tI-c-f-Øn-se Xp-em-h¿-jw kwh-l-\hr-„nbpw Im-e-h¿-jw ssi-ehr-„nbpam-tWm? \n-ß-fp-sS A-`n-{]m-bw k-a¿-Yn-°p-I. ˛3 3. ]∏m-b, t\-{¥°m-b, IS®-°, tX-bn-e... C-sX√mw hn-tZ-inbmtWm A-tΩ? A-Xp-am-{Xa√, hkqcn, s]m-ß≥-]\n, ]-d¶n-∏p-Æv.... Xp-S-ßn-b-hsb√mw hn-tZ-in-bm-Wp tam-tf.... 11. X-∂n-cn-°p-∂ C-¥y-bp-sS `q-]-S-Øn¬ Xm-sg ]-d-bp∂-h A-S-bm-f-s∏-SpØpI:
a) G-‰hpw \o-fw- IqSn-b D-]-Zzo]m-b \Zn. b) h-S-°p-In-g-°≥ a¨-kq-Wn-s‚ {]-`m-hw

sh≈-°p-≈≥

I-dp-Ø Ip≈≥

k a-S qc -ß y-s n-¬ ‚ a I m-k pd n h s‚ v

dn¬ A-a¿-Øn {_n-Uv-Pp-Iƒ {I-ao-I-cn-®-t∏mƒ H-cp {]-tXy-I k-μ¿-`-Øn¬ t]-∏¿ ssd-U¿ sX-dn®p-t]m-bn. 1. t]-∏¿ ssd-U¿ sX-dn-°m≥ Im-c-W-sa-¥v? 2. Cu {]-Xn-`m-kw G-Xp t]-cn-e-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p?

kq∏¿-t\m-h 3aS- ß n¬ Iq-SpX¬ ªm°v tlmƒ

\yq-t{Sm¨ \-£{Xw

CMYK

"C-e-t{Œm-Wn-Ivkv' F-∂ A-[ym-b-Øn¬ Ce-t{Œm-Wn-Iv-kn¬ D-]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ L-S-I-ß-fp-sS {]-Xo-I-߃ A-dn-™n-cn-°-Ww. H-cp sk√n-s‚ t]m-k-n‰o-hv sS¿-an-\¬ U-tbm-Uns‚ p-˛`m-KØpw s\-K-‰o-hv sS¿-an-\¬ U-tbm-Uns‚ n˛`m-KØpw _-‘n-∏n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv t^m¿-th-Uv _-b-kn-Mv. Xncn-®p-≈Xv dnthgvkv _b-knMpw. t^m¿-th-Uv _-b-kn-Mv am{X-ta ssh-Zyp-X{]-hm-lw km-[y-am-Iq. U-tbm-Up-]-tbm-Kn®v ACsb DCbm-°p∂-Xv sd-Œn-^n-t°-j\pw {Sm≥-kn-Ã-dpI-fp-]-tbm-Kn®v AC kn-·-epI-sf D-b¿-Øp∂-Xv Bw-πn-^n-t°-j-\p-am-Wv.
:H-cp k¿-Iyq-´v U-b{Kw \-¬-I-n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

H-cp \-£-{X-Øn-s‚ \n-dw A-Xn-s‚ Xm-]-\ne-sb B-{i-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Xm]\n-e Ip-d-™-Xn¬\n-∂v Iq-Sn-b-Xn-te-°v F-∂ {I-a-Øn¬ \¬-In-bn-cn-°p∂p. Np-h-∏v ˛ Hm-d-©v ˛ a-™ ˛ ]-® ˛ sh-≈ ˛ \o-e `q-a-[y-tc-J-bv-°p ap-I-fn-em-bn Hcp Hm¿-_n-‰n¬ `q-an-sb ]-cn-{Ia-Ww sN-øp-∂ D-]-{K-l-ß-fm-Wv `qÿn-c D-]-{K-l߃ (hm¿-Øm-hn-\n-a-b-Øn-\p-]-tbmKn-°p-∂-h). `q-an-bp-sS D-Ø-c˛ Z£n-W {[p-h-߃-°p ap-I-fn-eq-sS {`-a-W-]Y-ap≈-Xv t]m-fm¿ D-]-{K-l-߃- (Im-em-h-ÿm {]-h-N-\-Øn\v). B-bp- p-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ {][m-\ ]-Z-am-Wv N-{μ-ti-J¿ ]-cn-[n. 1. N-{μ-ti-J¿ ]-cn-[n F-{X-bmWv? 2. N-{μ-ti-J¿ ]-cn-[n-bp-sS aq-∂p a-S-ßm-Wv \£-{X am-s -¶n¬ A-h-bp-sS A-h-km-\w F-ß-s\? 3. G-Xp X-cw \-£-{X-ß-fm-Wv \yq-t{Sm¨ \-£-{X-ß-fm-hp-∂-Xv? A-hkm-\ A-[ym-b-Øn¬ ]m-cºcy Du¿P-t{km-X- p-I-fp-sS Ip-dhpw ]m-cº-tcy-X-c Du¿-Pt{km-X- p-I-fp-sS km-[y-X-I-fp-am-Wp \¬-In-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. CNG, LNG, LPG F-∂n-h-bp-sS ]q¿-W-cq-]hpw {]-[m-\ -L-S-Ihpw Hm¿-Øp-h-bv°Ww. _-tbm-am-kv _tbmKym-km-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ a-en-\oI-cW tXm-Xv Ip-d-bv-°m\pw C-‘-\£-a-X D-b¿-Øm\pw km-[n-°pw. `m-cw Iq-Snb \yq-¢n-b- pI-sf ]n-f¿Øn `m-cw Ip-d-™ \yq-¢n-b- m-°n am-‰p-∂-tXmsSm-∏w [m-cmfw Du¿-P-hpw e-`y-am-Ip∂p. C-Xm-Wv \yq-¢n-b¿ ^n-j≥. Du¿-P{]-Xn-k-‘n-°p-≈ Im-c-W-ßfpw ]-cn-lm-c\n¿-tZ-i-ß-fpw en-Ãv sN-bvXp ]Tn-°pI. :\yq-¢n-bm¿ ^n-j≥ {]-h¿Ø-\w h≥-tXm-Xn-ep-≈ Du¿-tPm¬-∏m-Z-\-Øn\p k-lm-bn-°pw. 1. \yq-¢n-bm¿ ^n-j≥ {]-h¿-Ø\w \n-b{¥-Whn-t[-b-a-s√-¶n¬ F-¥p kw-`hn°pw ? 2. ^nj≥- {]-h¿Ø-\w \n-b{¥-Whn-t[-b-am-bn {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ kw-hn-[m-\w G-Xp t]-cn-e-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂p?
:\-£-{X-ß-fp-sS

13. ""\-ap-°v F√m-h-cp-sSbpw B-h-iyß-sf Xr-]v-Xn-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p-≈ hn-`-h-ß-fp≠v. F-∂m¬, H-cm-fp-sS t]mepw A-Xym-{Kl-sØ \n-d-th-‰m-\p-≈Xn√Xm\pw''˛ a-lm-flm-Km-‘n-bpsS Cu hm-°p-Iƒ hn-I-kn-X˛hn-Ikz-c cm{„-ß-fn-se hn-I-k-\-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-Sp-Øn A-h-temI-\w sN-øp-I. ˛4 14. kzX-{¥am-[y-a-߃ H-cp P-\m-[n]-Xyhy-h-ÿ-bp-sS s\-Spw -Xq-Wm-hp-∂-sXßs\? k-a-Imen-I{]-iv-\-ß-fn¬ Zr-iy-˛{im-hyam-[y-a-ß-fp-sS \n-e-]m-SpIƒ ]cn-tim-[n-®v Ip-dn-∏v F-gp-Xp-I. ˛4 Im¿-´q¨ \n-co-£n-®v ]-Xn-\©pw ]-Xn-\mdpw \q-‰m-≠p-I-fn-se `q-an-im-kv-{X-]cam-b I-≠p-]n-SnØ-ß-fp-sS ^-e-߃ hn-e-bn-cp-Øp-I. ˛4 4. ""P-\hmktbm-Ky-a-s√-¶nepw km-ºØn-I{]m-[m-\y-ap-≈ H-cp h≥-I-c-bm-Wv A‚m¿-´n°''˛ Cu {]-kvXm-h-\-bp-sS ]n-∂n-se h-kv-Xp-X-Iƒ hn-i-Ie-\w sN-bv-Xv Ip-dn-s∏-gp-Xp-I. ˛3 5. bq-tdm-]y≥ i-‡n-Iƒ X-Ωn-ep-≈ a¬-k-c-߃ sh-dpw A-Xn¿-ØnØ¿-°ßƒ B-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂v "]u-c-kv-Xy bq-tdm-]y≥ k-aky.' sX-fn-bn-®p hn-iIe-\w sN-øp-I. ˛4 6. ""hn-Zq-c-kw-thZ-\w, `q-hn-h-chy-h-ÿ F∂n-h ]-c-kv-]-c-]q-c-I-ß-fm-bn {]-h¿Øn-°p∂p''˛ h-kv-Xp-X-I-fp-sS A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]-kvXm-h-\ k-a¿-Yn-°pI. ˛4 7. ""tZ-io-b-X H-cp cm-Py-sØ P-\-ß-fp-sS A-h-Im-i-ßfpw A-[n-Im-c-ßfpw ÿm-]n-s®-Sp-°m≥ k-lm-bn-°p-sa-¶nepw a-s‰m-cp hn-`m-Kw P-\X-sb Nq-jW-Øn-te°pw A-Sn-a-Ø-Øn-te°pw \-bn°pw''˛ C-‰-en-bp-sSbpw P¿-a-\n-bpsSbpw G-Io-Ic-Ww ]cn-tim-[n-®v {]-kvXm-h-\ hn-e-bn-cp-Øp-I. ˛5 8. ln-am-eb≥ \-Zn-I-sfbpw D-]-Zzo-]mb \-Zn-I-sfbpw Xm-c-Xayw sN-bv-Xv Ip-dn-∏v X-øm-dm-°p-I. ˛4 9. ap√-s∏-cn-bm-dn¬ ]pXn-b A-W-s°-´n-\v A-\p-Iq-ehpw {]-Xn-Iq-e-hpam-b hm-ZK-Xn-I-fp≠v. Cu X¿-°-Øn¬ ]-¶p-tN¿∂p sIm-≠v \n-ß-fp-sS hm-Z-K-Xn-Iƒ 15. ""h¿-Ko-bX ^m-jn-k-Øn-s‚ C-¥y≥ ]-Xn-∏m-Wv'' F-∂ P-h-l¿-em¬ s\-lvdp-hn-s‚ {]-kvXm-h-\-bp-sS A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ h¿-Ko-b-X-bp-sSbpw ^m-jn-kØn-s‚bpw km-ay-߃ ]-´n-I-s∏-Sp-ØpI. ˛3 16. A-¥m-cm-{„ I-cm-dp-I-fp-sS `m-K-am-bn C-¥y {]-{In-b t]-‰‚n¬ \n∂v D¬-∏mZ-\ t]-‰‚n-te-°p am-dn-bXn-t\m-Sp \n-߃ tbm-Pn-°p-∂p-t≠m? F¥p-sIm≠v? ˛4 17. 1969 Pq-sse 19 _m-¶n-MvcwK-sØ hn-I-k-\-Øn-\v Xp-S-°-ambn. F¥p-sIm≠v? hn-i-Z-am-°p-I. ˛4 18. C-¥y-t]m-ep-≈ hn-Ikz-ccm-Py-ß-fn¬ I-Ωn- _-P-‰m-Wv km-ºØn-I]p-tcm-KXn-°v \√-Xv F-∂ hm-Z-KXn-tbm-Sp \n-߃ tbm-Pn-°p-∂p-t≠m? F¥psIm≠v? ˛5 19.

D1

Out put

input
D2
1. D1, D2 F∂nh F-¥n-s\ kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p? 2. Input¬ AC thmƒ-´-X \¬-Ip-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Output¬ e-`n-°p-∂ thmƒ-´-X {Km-^v G-Xv?
+ emf o
+

+
emf o

kabw
-

_m-e-`n-£mS-\w: \m-tSm-Sn kv{Xo A-d-kv-änÂ

A-½-s¯m-«n-en H-cp Ip-«n-IqSn

hr-²-am-Xm-]n-Xm¡-sf a-I-\pw- a-cp-a-Ifpw ho-«nÂ\n-¶p ]p-d-¯m¡n

emf o

kabw

\mw ÿn-c-am-bn ]-{X-ß-fn¬ I-≠p-h-cp-∂ hm¿-Ø-I-fm-WnXv. G-sX√mw hn`m-K-ß-fm-Wv ap-Jy-ambpw a-\p-jym-hIm-iew-L-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-Ip-∂-Xv? Ah¿ A\p-`-hn-°p-∂ hn-th-N-\-߃ ]-´n-I-s∏-Sp-Øn a-\p-jym-hIm-iew-L-\߃ ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn t\-cn-Sp-∂-Xn-\p-≈ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ Ip-dn-°p-I. ˛6

-

CMYK

CMYK
20 s^{_phcn 2012 Xn¶ƒ

CMYK

CMYK
4 1.4 w ‚ \p ns n -k -S-ß am a ‚ w3 y-s p qc n-\ k -ß n¬ a-S -S-b C

5

Im¬-∏\n-I{]-ÿm-\w b-YmX-Ym{]-ÿm\w `uXn-IhmZw {]-Xn-a-X\-ho-IcWw D-Ø-cm-[p-\n-IX

kqNn-I t\mw -tNm-w-kvIn th-Uv-kv-h¿Øv sS-∂nk¨ Im-ƒ -am-Iv-kv

an-tj¬ ^pt°m C≥-Izn-knj≥ eq-knt{K tdm-_¿-´v {_u-WnMv aq-e-[-\w ˛5

Iq-Sp-X¬ A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂ Xo-c-k-aXew. c) P-\-]-¶m-fn-Ø-tØm-sS \n¿-an-® C-¥y-bn-se B-Zy-sØ hn-am-\-Ømhfw. d) D-Ø-c -sd-bn¬-th-bp-sS B-ÿm-\w. ˛4 12. sF-Iy-cm-{„ kw-L-S\-sb Im-tem-Nn-X-am-bn ]p-\- w-L-Sn-∏n°p-I F∂-Xv B-tKm-fcm-{„o-b-Øn-se kPo-h N¿-®m-hn-j-bam-b km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ ÿncmw-K ]-´n-I-bn¬ Dƒ-s∏-SpØp-I F-∂ C-¥y-bp-sS hm-Z-K-Xn-bp-sS {]k-‡n ]cn-tim-[n-°p-I. ˛5

CMYK

6 20 s^{_phcn 2012 Xn¶ƒ

20 s^{_phcn 2012 Xn¶ƒ

7

Fkv.F-k.F¬.kn. v
Ad_nIv
A_q-_-°¿ ]p-Xp-°pSn

+ ]-co-£-bv-°v H-cp am¿-KtcJ A

Fkv.F-k.F¬.kn. v
Read the following extract from ‘Balthazar’s Marvellous Afternoon’ and answer the questions that follow. ‘‘This is a flight of the imagination,’ he said. ‘You would have been an extraordinary architect.’ Balthazar blushed. ‘Thank you,’ he said. ‘You wouldn’t even need to put birds in it,’ he said, making the cage turn in front of the audience’s eyes as if he were auctioning it off. ‘It would be enough to hang it in the trees so it could sing by itself.’ ‘Thank you,’ Balthazar said, blushing again. ‘Fine, then I’ll take it,’ the doctor said. ‘It’s sold,’ said Ursula. ‘It belongs to the son of Mr Jose Montiel,’ said Balthazar. ‘He ordered it specially.’ ‘I promised my wife I would buy her this cage this afternoon,’ said the doctor. Score1×4=4 1. What made Balthazar blush? 2. Why did Balthazar refuse to sell the cage to the doctor? 3. “You would have been an extraordinary architect”, do you think, as the doctor remarks, Balthazar would make a wonderful architect? Substantiate your answer. 4. It is suggested in the passage that the cage, a fine piece of art, is a living bird itself. Which are the words that carry this idea? 5. The doctor had promised his wife he would buy her that cage. But he had to return home with empty hands as the thing had already been sold. Imagine a conversation between the doctor and his wife. 5×1=5 Read lines from ‘ In the Country’ and answer following questions This life is sweetest; in the wood I hear no children cry for food; I see no woman, white with care; No man, with muscles wasting here. No doubt it is a selfish thing To fly from human suffering; No doubt he is a selfish man, Who shuns poor creatures sad and wan. Score 1×4=4 6. Why does the speaker of the poem say the life in the woods is sweetest?

A+ ]-co-£-bv-°v H-cp am¿-KtcJ
Land’, M.G Sasi’s ‘ Hide and Seek’ and Kurasowa’s ‘Dreams'. Prepare a poster for the festival. Score 5 17.Your class is in the workshop of a class magazine. And you have agreed to contribute an article on the topic ‘Importance of Art in Life’. Write an article in not less than 120 words. Score 7 18.The narrator of the story ‘The Blue Bouquet’ had a strange and frightening experience that night. He decided to write to Sherlock Holmes, the famous detective, about this incident and request him to make an inquiry into it. Draft the likely letter. Score 5 19.Imagine you have a wonderful opportunity to interview M.T Vasudevan Nair, the reputed novelist and screen writer. Write five questions to be asked in the interview. Score 5 20.‘Father’s Help’ describes an eventful day in Swami’s life. Swami must have written this experience in his diary. Prepare that diary entry of Swami. Score 5 21.Make a profile of Satyajit Ray using the information given below score 5 Name: Styajit Ray Birth: May 2, 1921, Calcutta, India Famous as : Film director. Noted Films: Pather Panchali, Aparajito, The World of Apu, The Lonely Wife, e.t.c. Awards: National Film Awards, Golden Lion,Silver Bear for Best Director, e.t.c Death: April 23, 1992, Calcutta Here is the graph of Team India’s scoring against Australia in a One Day Cricket Match. Analyze the graph and answer questions that follow. Score 1× 4=4

ENGLISH MODEL QUESTION PAPER
7. What, according to the poet, is a “selfish thing”? 8. Explain the phrase “white with care” 9. What impression does the speaker have about a man who shuns poor people Read the following story and answer the questions below Once upon a time there lived an old man and a woman. One day the old woman said to the old man. Old woman: We are very lonely so, Why don’t I make a GingerBread man? Old man: But what is it? Old woman: I will shape a bread in a small man shape, so I will give him eyes, noses, mouth and ears. Old man: Good, very good. So what are you waiting for? Old woman just rushed in the kitchen and first she take out a great big bread ,Really big enough to make a small Ginger Bread man. Next she shaped it in a small man. Finally she made eyes ,noses, mouth and ears. And at last the gingerbread was ready and the old woman rushed out of the kitchen and she was so happy that she could not even say things properly!!! She said old woman: See, See I bread a Ginger Made man!! Score 1×5=5 10.What was the proposal of the old woman to fight their loneliness? 11.What exactly is Ginger Bread Man? 12.The old woman could not speak properly when the bread was ready, why? 13.Write the steps that the old woman went through to make the Ginger Bread Man. 14.Give a suitable title to the story. 15.The short story ‘The Bet’ discusses, among other things, the questions of capital punishment and life term imprisonment. The Literary Club of your school has planned a debate on the merit of one mode of punishment over the other. Prepare a short speech for the debate expressing your views on the topic. Score 6 16.The school film club has decided to organize a film festival. Among the films to be screened are Danis Tanoviæ’s ‘ No Man’s

tijw t]-Pv G-gn¬