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CHAPTER 35 LABOUR & LABOUR WELFARE

INTRODUCTION Labour and Labour Welfare sub-sector consists of six main programmes viz. Labour Administration, Rehabilitation of bonded labour, Assistance to Labour Cooperatives, Craftsmen training programme, Apprenticeship training programme, Employment Services and Sanjay Gandhi Swavalamban Yojana. 35.2 The financial and physical progress of these programmes is as under: (Rs.in lakhs)
Sector/Sub-sector Ninth Five Annual Annual Plan 2001-2002 Annual Year Plan Plan — — — — — — — — — — — Plan 1997-2002 1997-2001 Outlay Anticipated 2002-2003 Outlay Actual Exp. Expenditure Outlay ( 2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 Outlay (7)

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Labour and Labour Welfare 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Labour Administration Rehabilitation of bonded labourers Assistance to labour cooperatives Vocational training programme Employment Services Sanjay Gandhi Swavalamban Yojana Total … 530.00 4.00 10.00 27000.00 2200.00 1200.00 30944.00 73.59 0.90 0.83 13293.34 412.16 343.16 14123.98 56.48 4.00 0.50 5170.90 204.21 238.30 5674.39 1.20 2.89 0.50 5170.90 204.21 144.31 5524.01 40.00 4.00 1.36 8913.16 212.07 284.57 9455.16 568.00 20.00 5.00 30651.00 2498.00 1362.00 35104.80

Physical Targets and achievement
Item Unit Ninth Five Year Plan 1997-2002 Target (3) Annual Plan 2001-2002 Annual ——————————— Plan Target Anticipated 2002-2003 Achievements Target (4) (5) (6) Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 Outlay (7)

(1) Labour & Labour Welfare (I) Craftsmen Training (a) No. of Indl. Trg. Instts. (b) Intake capacity (c) No. of persons undergoing training (d) Out turn (II)Apprenticeship Training Programme (a) Training places located (b) Training places Utilised (c) Apprentices Trained

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Nos. (Cum.) ,, ,, ,,

345 125000 125000 62500

356 72104 72104 36052

347 63772 63772 31886

356 75000 75000 37500

380 130000 130000 130000

,, ,, ,,

30000 30000 60000

26000 26000 52000

26000 26000 52000

26000 26000 52000

40000 40000 80000

A - LABOUR

(1) Training & Research Programme It is proposed to train officers of the Labour Department in connection with various Labour Laws implemented in the State.00 lakh is provided in 2002-2003 and outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs. (2) Scheme for wide Publicity to various Labour Laws. folders and newspapers etc.1. 1976 which came into force with effect from 25th October 1975. which may cause acute and chronic side effects on the health of the workers. heavy and light chemical industries.4 The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act. (3) Strengthening of Medical wing of the Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health. short documentaries. radio. An outlay of Rs. A provision of Rs.200. petrochemicals.I.to higher authorities.5. (4) Improvement of communications.00 lakh. Out of that an outlay Rs.00 lakh. Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour 35.150. the concerned Dy. gas leaks. display of slides in rural theatres.Chief Inspector of Factories.5.40.1. textile and Electronic Industries. Pesticides spilled on the body of the workers are equally dangerous.10. posters.00 lakh. .00 lakh is provided for Annual Plan 20022003. pesticides. It is proposed under this Scheme to regulate service conditions of workers and to give publicity to various labour laws through the media like television. All these pose their own potential hazards. fertilizers. out of that an outlay Rs. the Chief Inspector and from C.3 A brief description of the important schemes under the Labour Administration SubSector is given below.00 lakhs is provided for Annual Plan 2002-2003. An outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 Rs. fires and disasters in the area a broad network of office/ residential telephones is an essential pre-requisite for the Factory Inspector. Quick transmission of such messages to the area Factory Inspector and others not only facilitates a prompt inquiry into the mishap and its causes but also enables the concerned authorities to bring into action the various control measures in the case of disaster. 568. An outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 20022007 is Rs. video films.00 lakh is provided in the Annual Plan 2002-2003. mobility of Factory Inspectors For the quick transmission of messages relating to factory accidents. the chemical factories which include heavy chemical complexes or small chemical factories which may produce acute effects on the health of the workers to such an extent that it may result in death.00 lakh is provided and Rs. During Tenth Five Year Plan.00 lakh is provided for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007.00 lakh for 2002-2003. 10. 2002-2007 outlay of Rs. In Maharashtra. and Rs.Labour Administration 35.F. There are different types of industries in Maharashtra like heavy and light engineering.

1998. 35.8 The Craftsmen Training Programme is controlled by the Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGET). These societies organise scattered and unorganised labourers together and provide them gainful employment in various works obtained on contract from Government Departments and other agencies.00 lakh. An outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs.7 There are 4. with intake capacity of 65704 and 30724 respectively. and 269 non Government ITIs.6 At the end of March.10 At present. As on today not a single identified bonded labour remains to be rehabilitated. Some of the trade courses are started under the aegis of State Council for Vocational Training (SCVT) to meet the local needs. The training in ITI’s is aimed at equipping the trainees with adequate practical and theoretical knowledge of the concerned trades and to develop them into semi-skilled craftsmen suitable for Industrial Employment or as an apprentice in the designated trades under the Apprenticeship Act or to undertake self-employment ventures. Out of that an outlay Rs. Government ITIs includes 15 ITIs for women with intake of 3648 Women. there are 347 Government I. EGS etc.1. This system has eliminated the exploitation of labourers from private contractors. There are 56 Government ITIs in tribal sub-plan area with an intake capacity of 8692 trainees. 75% of the available seats in these ITIs are .5. The courses are of one or two years duration.00 lakh is provided for Annual Plan 2002-2003.20. 1287 were rehabilitated and 77 were not required to be rehabilitated for some or the other reasons.35. 50% Central assistance is admissible for this scheme. This scheme is a part of 20 Point Programme. 35. Thus the training programme is chalked out on National basis and at State level.Is. At present.00 lakh. The Collectors have been instructed to take suitable action for rehabilitation. 35. out of 58 trades.000. Out of that an outlay Rs.The bonded labourers freed from bondage are to be rehabilitated in the ongoing works of Goverment like IRDP .T. it is administered on the basis of norms and guidelines laid down by National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT).6250. Accordingly at present training is being imparted in 58 different trades out of which 28 are of two years duration and remaining 30 are of one year duration.36 lakh is provided for Annual Plan 2002-2003. Government of India and the curriculum in various vocations is executed as per directives received from it. B -TRAINING CRAFTSMEN TRAINING PROGRAMME (Industrial Training Institutes) 35.422 Labour Contract Societies in the State with a total membership of 2. 41 are Engineering trades while remaining 17 are non-engineering trades. The Government of India has enhanced the subsidy to Rs. 4 are covered under the aegies of SCVT and remaining are as per syllabi laid down by NCVT. An outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs. The membership of labour contract societies are mainly from weaker section community. 1364 bonded labourers were identified.9 The syllabi for the various trade courses which are introduced in ITI’s are prepared by NCVT.5 The work pertaining to rehabilitation of bonded labour is entrusted to Revenue and Forests Department.20. This programme mainly deals with the training of craftsmen in various engineering and non-engineering trades. Out of these 58 trades. Assistance to Labour Cooperatives 35. Ministry of Labour.4.

(ii) Maximum utilisation of Existing Infrastructure. one Government I. In the ITIs in the general plan area 25% of seats in each trade are reserved for women. training.T. In view of this out of 326 total talukas. Further to facilitate placement of ITI pass-outs and to promote their better interaction with industries. the required staff is not provided at the time of establishing new ITIs as well as introduction of additional seats. Replacement of defficient equipments in Existing ITIs 35.13 Staff is created in ITI’s as per the norms laid down by DGE T in its training manual. A review of staff position has revealed that teaching as well as non-teaching posts are required to be created immediately. exists at present.3082. revision of syllabi and normal wear and tear results in defficiency of tools and equipment. (iv) Creation of Post of Training and Placement Officer to facilitate placement of ITI pass-outs and to promote better interaction with industries.12 The ITIs’training is need-based and unless it is constantly updated.I. Main Thrust Areas (i) Modernisation of Existing Trades. Thus. In order to extend the feasibility for vocational training to the people. The requirements of staff in ITIs are related to its strength and additional staff is required to be created with the increase in intake. the same cannot be of any use to the Industrial world. Further normal usage of such tools leads to their wear and tear which ultimately results in the need for new tools. Removal of deficiency of staff in existing ITIs. shop outfits and machineries. (iii) Creating facilities for Training of Instructors. technological advance. Outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs. (v) Implementation of Government decision to established ITIs at each Taluka and promote women’s Participation in C.I. (vi) Creation of additional Training facilities in the popular Apprentice ship Act. in every taluka where no I. posts of Training and Placement Officer in each ITI in the State is created. taken to fund adequately every activity covered under this programme.00 lakhs.26 lakhs. Thus the total Number of ITIs in the State is 616 with intake capacity of 94656. Acquisition of Land trades under . Government of India in collaboration with World Bank has undertaken “Vocational Training Project” Phase II for skill development in ITIs and Maharashtra is participating in this project.00 lakhs and Rs.reserved for scheduled tribes. 1961. Updating of curriculum results in new requirement of tools and gadgets.T. Outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 and Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs.11 The Training imparted in ITIs is skill oriented and in order to avoid any mismatch between what is taught and what is needed. a systematic plan to improve upon the existing training system was required to be evolved. 35.T.10. the State Government has taken a decision to set up in phased manner.S. 35. However. Every care is therefore. (vii) Creation of INTERNET facilities to develop better MIS. all talukas are already covered by establishing mini ITIs.786. outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs. 200.21 lakhs respectively.

An outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs. Many of the trainees come from their villages to undertake ITI training and do not find suitable place to reside. Introduction of additional seats in existing ITIs 35. Construction of Staff Quarters 35.000 additional seats are to be provided for.15 At present. about 50.75 lakhs.59 lakhs.35.79 lakhs. An outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs.. NCTVT has also fixed norms according to which 20 percent of the trainees are to be provided with hostel facilities. An outlay of Rs.9273.100.14 In order to acquire land for the construction of ITI buildings.4173.20 For arranging need based training programme and to establish a strong linkage between training and employment opportunities.19. Construction of workshops and Administrative buildings 35. Government of Maharashtra has decided to provide Vocational Education at Taluka level by establishment of ITI at each Taluka level and to motivate them to start their employment/self-employment venture incommunsurate with local needs in rural area with the concept of disposal of industries to cope-up with the local needs and promote self-employment in each sector. Plastic technology as also to train manpower in the field of Electronics with particular reference to Computer Service etc. The provision of such facility is particularly essential because costly equipment is installed in ITI workshops hence presence of some responsible staff members is essential on the premises.100. An outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs.40. For introducing popular and upcoming trades in place of trades having less demand an outlay for Tenth Five .00 lakhs is provided for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007.06 lakhs. development of petro-chemical complexes. Introduction of trade of more demand in lieu of trades of less demand 35.16 As per norms laid down by NCVT 50 percent of the staff is required to be provided with residential facility. An outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs.17 The Trainees of ITIs come generally from economically lower strata of the Society. An outlay of Rs. 6735.275. Further ITIs normally work in two shifts and for maintaining punctuality.36 lakhs.19 In order to reduce flow of unemployed youth to big cities.400. an outlay of Rs.00 lakhs is provided for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007.17. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. An outlay in Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs. review of the training courses in different ITIs particularly old ITIs.00 lakhs.49 lakhs.00 lakhs is provided for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 and an outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs.18 In order to take proper care of certain skill areas in the context of technological advancement as well as development in other sectors viz: Electronic Industry.2498. An outlay of Rs. for starting new trades becomes essential. The outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs. there are 347 Government ITIs out of which 95 institutes have their own buildings and workshops.00 is provided in Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007. Establishment of New ITIs 35.403. provision of quarters for some essential staff is of utmost importance. An outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs.10 lakhs. creation of TV transmission centres. Construction of Hostel Buildings for Trainees 35.

1961 enacted by the Government of India under which training facilities in industrial establishments and manufacturing process are to be utilised for the purpose of training candidates in the skilled and semi-skilled areas. Outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs. in various trades.275. Facilities in the existing Basic Training and Related Instructions Centres are inadequate. 29000 seats are located in 2288 industries and 20900 apprentices are undergoing training at present. have increased tremendously since last 2-3 decades. The intake capacity of Basic Training is 5921 and Related Instructions is 21. outlay provided for 2002-2003 is Rs. 35. The training under this scheme is arranged in the evening and there are 12 such centres.117. the Directorate is not adequately strengthened.00 lakhs. An outlay of Rs.1. of India has already designated 128 trades in the various areas such as Engineering. to know any defects in the process and the feed back which enable to take corrective action for maintaining both effectiveness and . etc. Removal of Backlog 35. Textiles. There are 48 Government and 64 private Basic Training and Related Instructions Centres set up so far.24 The Apprenticeship Training Programme is implemented under Apprenticeship Act.87 lakhs. Food.50 lakh is provided for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007. Outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs.Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs. Opening of Book Banks 35. Apprenticeship Training Programme 35. Chemical. Outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs.00 lakhs. etc. Electronics. 35. Expansion of Evening Classes for Industrial Workers 35. Govt.25 Large number of chemical industries are coming up in the State and the Basic Training and Related Instruction Centres where the Training is imparted in these trades are not having sufficient tools and equipment for the purpose so also there is deficiency in equipment in printing trade. In Maharashtra State.3622.22 Outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs.50 lakhs.80 lakhs. Six Regional Offices. Agriculture.259. continuous evaluation and monitoring is essential. Establishment of Project Management unit in the Directorate.00 lakhs and an outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs.52. The training programme is divided in 3 phases (1) Basic Training (2) Shopfloor Training and (3) Related Instructions.21 The scheme for imparting part-time training to industrial workers (evening classes) was intially introduced in the year 1950 in order to improve the theoretical knowledge of the industrial workers who could not get benefit of systematic institutional training.120.12. For smooth and effective functioning of the Organisation at State Level. Direction and Administration (State Level) Stengthening of the Directorate of Vocational Education Training. However.14 lakhs.23 With a view to remove the remaining financial backlog for construction of Administrative Buildings and workshops under backlog programme.3911.26 Training activities related to Craftsmen Training and Apprenticeship.

00 lakh for removal of backlog.8913.00 lakh. A study undertaken in this regard has revealed that an amount of Rs. Further. An outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs. analysis of syllabii preparation of training aids etc. This includes Rs. Discretionary grants for Minor Works 35.I..40.27 The machinery which is in use in ITIs.3622. Rs. It is also affecting the training adversely and the training imparted is not as per needs of industrial world. An outlay of Rs. special training programme arranged by CSTARI Calcutta.40 lakhs will be needed to replace and modernise the machine tools and other equipment in the 32 ITIs established prior to 1969.08 lakhs under TSP.00 lakhs respectively. The programme of modernisation has already been initiated..T. Instructors Training Programme 35. due to diversified nature of trades. Such issues and problems can be properly tackled through Research and Development Cells. Therefore.efficiency. Establishment of Research and Development Cell 35.00 and outlay for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs. in order to develop teaching skill training is essential to teachers. become a pressing need to undertake programme of replacement of machine tools and equipment and its modernisation. Machine Maintenance Training etc. training is concerned. For this purpose the offices of the Director and Regional Deputy Directors are required to be strengthened adequately.16 lakhs. C .00 lakh is provided for Annual Plan 2002-2003 is Rs. one year duration Trade Instructors Training is given through Advanced Training Institutes. It is proposed to expose at least 400 instructors every year for short duration (6 to 12 weeks) Programmes.55.250.2187. therefore.11. the work related to development of training material. Outlays for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 and 2002-2003 is Rs.00 lakhs and 20022003 is Rs.00 lakhs.30651.66 lakh under SCP & Rs.28 Outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs.30 As far as I.90 lakhs and238.11. 35. Many technical issues and problems arise in daily working.56.816.00 lakhs. It has. established prior to 1965. has gone old and has lost its accuracy due to normal wear and tear and is not keeping pace with the technological advances which have taken place in last two decades. being vast that separate cells for research and development activities and trade testing are essential. The outlay for ITI in Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs.29 In the field of Vocational Training updating of skills and knowledge is highly essential to meet the challenge of changing technology and production techniques. Replacement of Wornout Machine Tools and Modernisation of Equipment in existing ITIs.EMPLOYMENT Employment Services . Refresher training programme in AVTS/AVIS Centres.1351.

26 lakh for Annual Plan 2002-2003 and the outlay for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007 is Rs. unemployed/underemployed persons who are not able to get financial assistance from Banks or other financial institutions because of their inability to provide adequate security or margin for loans.80 lakh.00 lakh is provided for Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-2007.41 lakhs and Rs.1362.31 The Employment Organisation deals with rendering of Employment assistance to employment seekers and collection of employment market information which is very useful for manpower planning like starting of training and technical education programme.155. in 8 tribal districts such centres are functioning.836. Special Component Plan outlay provided for 2002-2003 was Rs. The important schemes is discussed below :— Setting up of Employment Coaching-cum-Guidance Centres in Tribal Areas :At present.00 lakh and the outlay for 20022003 is Rs. •• .37. The scheme envisages grant of interest free small loans not exceeding Rs.25 lakh is provided for 2001-2002 and Rs.24 lakhs for Annual Plan 2002-2003. Tribal Sub Plan 35. total Tribal Sub Plan outlay provided for 2002-2003 was Rs.34 Under the Labour & Labour Welfare Sector.282.16 lakhs for Annual Plan 20022003. D. An outlay of Rs.284. out of which Rs.57 lakh is for the Annual Plan 2002-2003.33 Under the Labour & Labour Welfare Sector.7. An outlay of Rs. Special Component Plan 35.32 This scheme is in operation since 2nd October 1980 and it gives coverage to both educated and uneducated.07 lakh. 2500 to the needy persons so as to enable them to have a gainful employment/ self-employment by setting up their own ventures in small trade/business/services/tiny industry etc.0.35.86 lakhs and Rs. 156.SPECIAL EMPLOYMENT SCHEME Sanjay Gandhi Swavalamban Yojana 35. 2498. The outlay in the Tenth Five Year Plan is Rs.212.