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工業技術研究院

Industrial Technology Research Institute

DVB-T2 technology overview
工業技術研究院 資通所 侯信安 hsinan_hou@itri.org.tw 2010年5月18日

Agenda
q Introduce to second generation DVB broadcast standards
v History & evolution v New features in second generation DVB broadcast standards

q DVB-T2 technology overview
v Commercial requirement v Key features to physical layer v Stream distribution method & Aid for network optimization v Possible applied scenarios v Comparison and conclusions

q DVB-C2 technology overview
v Commercial requirement v Key features to physical layer v Impact on current system v Possible applied scenarios v Comparison and conclusions

2

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Digital terrestrial television distribution

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_terrestrial_television
3 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院

Worldwide Analog Switch Off timetable
Country Austria Belgium Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Hungary Ireland Italy Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Russia Slovakia System DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T ASO date 2010 2008 2011 2011 2009 2010 2007 2011 2008 2011 2012 2012 2012 2008 2009 2013 2012 2015 2012 Country Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland UK Ukraine Canada US Brazil Australia New Zealand South Africa China Hong Kong Japan Malaysia Philippines South Korea Taiwan System DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T ATSC ATSC SBTVD DVB-T DVB-T DVB-T DMB-T/H DMB-T/H ISDB-T DVB-T DVB-T ATSC DVB-T ASO date 2011 2010 2007 2008 2012 2014 2011 2009 2016 2010-2012 2012 2011 2015 2012 2011 2015 2015 2012 2010

SBTVB: Sistema Brasileiro de Televisao Digital (English: Brazilian Digital Television System) is an ISDB-based digital television standard for Brazil 4 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院

“Digital Dividend Review stakeholder event.” Jan.Digital dividends in other countries source: Ofcom. 14th. 2008 5 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

2008 6 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .The effect of ofcom’s decisions source: Ofcom.” Jan. “Digital Dividend Review stakeholder event. 14th.

2008 7 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 . “The Future of Digital Terrestrial Television-Enabling new services for viewers.Opportunity to link implementation with DSO in UK source: ofcom.” Feb. 19th.

T2 Commercial Requirements qT2 should vBe able to use existing domestic receive antenna and existing transmitter infrastructures Ø Primarily target services to fixed and portable receivers vProvide a minimum of 30% capacity increase over DVB-T vProvide for improved SFN performance vProvide service-specific robustness vProvide for bandwidth and frequency flexibility vProvide means to reduce the peak-to-average-power ratio 8 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

19th.Coexist of DVB-T and DVB-T2 source: ofcom.” Feb. “The Future of Digital Terrestrial Television-Enabling new services for viewers. 2008 9 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

DVB-T2 Overall Schedules and Milestones 2006 T2 Study Mission 2007 TM-T2 ad hoc group T2 spec stable 2008 2009 2010 T2 lab & field trials T2 VLSI development Prototype FPGA demo at IBC T2 Receiver development First Prototype chip Equipment Test in Turin HD T2 services Equipment Test in London First commercial receivers Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 10 .

DVB-T2 documents Transmitter Identification for a second generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting system (DVB-T2) (Processing) 11 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

multiplexing and distribution SS2: T2Gateway SS3: T2 Modulator Input programme signals SS3: T2 Modulator SS4: T2 Demodulator SS5: MPEG Decoder Decoded output programme signals SS1: Video/ audio coders and statistical multiplexer … Distribution network RF channel SS4: T2 Demodulator T2 receiver SS5: MPEG Decoder Optional multiple coding & multiplexing TR 102 773 EN 302 755 TR 102 831 12 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .DVB-T2 architecture overview Interface A “TS” Input programme signals Interface B “T2-MI” Interface C “DVB-T2” Interface D “TS” SS4: T2 Demodulator SS5: MPEG Decoder SS1: Video/ audio coders and statistical multiplexer Centralised coding.

DVB-T2 frame structure TSF Super Frame Super Frame Super Frame TF T2-frame 0 T2-frame 1 T2-frame 2 FEF T2-frame NT2-1 FEF TP1 P1 TS P2 0 P2 NP2-1 TS Data symbol 0 Data symbol 1 Data symbol 0 Data symbol 1 Data symbol 0 Data symbol 1 Data sym. Ldata-1 P1 P2 Common PLP Data PLP Type 1 Data PLP Type 2 Other Symbols FEF: Future Extension Frames PLP: Physical Layer Pipe Other symbols: auxiliary stream symbol. dummy cell symbol 13 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

T2 System qInput preprocessor vSplit TS/GS to PLPs vExtract common PLP from TS/GS qInput processing vMode adaption vStream adaption PLP: Physical Layer Pipe BICM: Bit Interleaved Coding & Modulation 14 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

Spilt TS into TSPS and TSPSC TS_1 TS_2 TSPS1 (PLP1) TSPS2 (PLP2) TSPS1 (PLP1) TS_1 TS_2 Normal MPEG demux & Decoder TS_N Remux DVB-T2 Physical Layer (including NULL packet removal/ insertion) TSPS2 (PLP2) Mux TS_N TSPSN (PLPN) TSPSC (CPLP) TSPSN (PLPN) TSPSC (CPLP) Network processing Receiver processing DVB-T2 PL with extension TS: Transport Stream TSPS: Transport Stream Partial Stream TSPSC: Transport Stream Partial Stream Common 15 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

2K. 8K. 1/16. frequency. 6. MISO Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 16 .7. 32K Standard. 2/3. 19/256. 8 2K. 1/4 Bit. bit Yes TPS pilots Not specified DVB-T2 1. 5/6 1/128. 16. 3/4. time. 16K. Time slicing. Frequency No P2 Time-Frequency slicing. 1/8. 7/8 1/32. 2/3. 7. 8K Standard 4. 4K. 3/5. Transmit Diversity 5. 1/16. cell. 8. 3/4. 5. 5/6. 7.Physical layer parameter comparison between DVB-T and DVB-T2 DVB-T Channel bandwidth (MHz) Mode Bandwidth Modulation FEC Code rate GI Interleavers Hierarchy System info. 4K. 16. 6. 19/128. 1/4 Time. 64. 64-QAM CC + RS 1/2. 1/8. 256-QAM LDPC + BCH 1/2. Extended 4. 10 1K. 4/5. 1/32.

00 5.0 15.00 1.00 3.00 0.0 5.0 25.00 2. Capacity Performance 10.00 0.00 6.0 Effective bits per Cell 17 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .00 4.Modulation and Coding performance q Capacity limits for simple Gaussian noise channel v With LDPC can get close to theoretical limit q Typically 30% gain in capacity compared with DVB-T codes.0 10.0 C/N DVB-T2 QPSK DVB-T2 256-QAM DVB-T2 16-QAM Shannon Limit DVB-T2 64-QAM BICM Limit 20.00 9.00 8.0 30.00 7.

Block diagram of DVB-T2 chain Interface A “TS” Interface B “T2-MI” Interface C “DVB-T2” Interface D “TS” Statmux TS Basic T2-gateway TS T2 modulator TS T2 demodulator TS MPEG decoder TS T2S PHY SS1 PHY SS2 T2S PHY SS3 PHY SS4 PHY SS5 18 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

T2-MI protocol stack 19 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

DVB-T2 distribution network 20 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

g.. 32K with GI = 1/8 (448 µs) for large SFN q Channel estimation via frequency interpolation only q Lower out-of-band power spectrum v Bandwidth extension for further capacity gain 21 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .Why Large FFT Size? q Flexibility of optimization for capacity and ruggedness v Reduce GI overhead (= capacity gain) for given size of SFN Ø Example: for absolute length of GI = 224 µs v Increase SFN capability for a given fractional GI Ø E.

1% capacity Normal Mode 22 Extended Carrier Mode Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .4~2. 16K and 32K FFT sizes qExample (8 MHz BW): +1.Bandwidth Extension qConcept: Out-of-band level decreases as FFTs get larger vExtended carrier mode for 8K.

exploiting improved FEC performance of LDPC v Studies show that typical tuner phase noise should not be a problem 23 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .f 6 bits / data cell for 64 QAM) v Enables greater capacity.Higher order constellation q T2 includes 256 QAM mode v Carries 8 bits/ data cell Ø (c.

Rotated Constellations qConcept: Modulation diversity vRotating a constellation introduces redundancy vUp to 5 dB gain on difficult channels (e.. 0 dB echo) 24 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .g.

q Normally.Rotated Constellations. a QAM constellation is sent as a single complex number in one OFDM cell v If it fades out. cont. send 2 PAM ‘axes’ of rotated QAM in different cells v different locations in frequency and/or time (by an appropriate delay ) v reduces probability both fail at once q OFDM cells contain unrelated 16PAMs v so look like 16 x16 = 256-QAM 25 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 . all its contents are erased q Instead.

Issue of PAPR for OFDM Systems q In-band distortion à system performance degradation q Out-of-band radiation à adjacent channel interference Pout Linear region clipping Saturation level Pin t PAPR: Peak-to-Average Power Ratio 26 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

g.domain signal Vclip Clipping Constellation Extension/Recovery Peak regrowth power power time time power time Q-phase Q-phase I. 16-QAM) v Example: Extended 16-QAM Time.PAPR Reduction – Method 1 q Active constellation extension (ACE) v Constellation distortion to counteract peaks Ø Principle: outer constellation points be extended v Without reducing the capacity v Better for lower-order QAM (e. QPSK..phase Q-phase I. constellation points are shifted After constellation recovery 27 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .phase I.phase Original 16QAM signal After clipping.

PAPR Reduction – Method 2 qTone reservation (TR) v1% of carriers reserved to counteract any peaks Ø 1K (10). 8K (72).peak growth time 28 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 . 16K (144). 2K (18). 4K (36). 32K (288) v Irrelevant to constellation order (complementary to ACE) Data signal Vclip time Shifted Kernel time - Peak-cancelled signal Side.

(Annex E ). due to the complexity/spectrum issue. TFS has been made as an option of the T2-PHY Spec. 29 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .Time-Frequency Slicing (TFS) qConcept qAdvantages vStatistical multiplexing gain in a large multiplex vIncreased frequency diversity However.

Multiple Input Single Output technology RX 30 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

Transmitter signaling identification qTransmitter identification vAuxiliary Cell method vSeamless handoff qWireless environment measurement vFEF method vOptimize the broadcasting network 31 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

Auxiliary Cell method (1) 32 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

Auxiliary Cell method (2) P1 P2 Common PLP Data PLP Type 1 Data PLP Type 2 Other Symbols 33 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

FEF method signature FEF End of the previous T2 frame P1 Other use period First signature period Second signature period Start of the next T2 frame Cyclic prefix Signal waveform •Using GO code which has “zero cross zone" property •Up to distinguish 64 transmitters in a network •Useful period: 65536T •Guard period : 14546 T cyclic prefix is copy of last part of the signature waveform 34 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

all i ≠ j v these are called generalised orthogonal Ø sequence length N. rij (τ ) = 0.− Z 0 ≤ n ≤ Z 0 . i ≠ j. rii (τ ) = δ (τ ) v zero cross-correlation.1 ≤ n ≤ Z 0 v cyclic XCF rij [n] = 0. all τ v but no such set exists q But there is class of sets of discrete sequences which have a zero correlation zone v cyclic ACF rii [0] = 1. with M sequences in a set 35 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 . rii [n] = 0.GO (Generalized Orthogonal) code q An ideal set of signature waveforms would have: v perfect auto-correlation.

Multiplexing national services and local services Local service area Local service area National service area Local service area 36 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

Multiplexing fixed reception and mobile reception 37 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .

6% 1.0% Standard 24 Mbit/s includes only Continual Pilot cells which are not also Scattered Pilots TPS for DVB-T.1 Mbit/s 64QAM 2K 1/32 2/3 CC + RS 8. P1 and extra P2 overhead for DVB-T Capacity = DVB-T + 50% 38 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .53% 0.0% 0.3% 2. L1-signalling.Potential capacity increase compared DVB-T mode in UK (MFN) DVB-T in UK Modulation FFT size Guard Interval FEC Scattered Pilots Continual Pilots NOTE 1 P1 overhead NOTE2 Bandwidth Capacity NOTE 1: NOTE 2: T2 256QAM 32K 1/128 3/5LDPC + BCH 1.53% Extended 36.

65% Extended 33.0% 1.Potential capacity increase for an SFN mode DVB-T (SFN) Modulation FFT size Guard Interval FEC Scattered Pilots Continual Pilots NOTE 1 P1 overhead NOTE2 Bandwidth Capacity NOTE 1: NOTE 2: T2 256QAM 32K 1/128 3/5LDPC + BCH 4.39% 0. P1 and extra P2 overhead for DVB-T Capacity = DVB-T + 66% 39 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 . L1-signalling.3% 2.0% Standard 19.9 Mbit/s includes only Continual Pilot cells which are not also Scattered Pilots TPS for DVB-T.2% 0.2 Mbit/s 64QAM 8K ¼ 2/3 CC + RS 8.

87 DVB-T2 2.3 dB 2.80 64QAM 3/4 CC 27.5 21.84x QEF: less than one uncorrected error-event per transmission hour at the level of a 5 Mbit/s single TV service decoder (PER<10-7) 40 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 . GI=1/4 DVB-T Effective bits per cell Modulation Code rate Required SNR in P1 Ch Required SNR in P1 Ch Modulation Code rate Effective bits per cell 2.5 16QAM 3/4 CC 1.99 16QAM 3/4 LDPC 12.31 -15.0 256QAM 2/3 LDPC 5. FFT = 8K.2 20.Better performance qImprove receiver performance vChannel bandwidth = 8 MHz.

44 (bps/Hz) throughput than DVB-T. vOn the same signal coverage (SNR~20dB). DVB-T2 can cover about 5 times of DVB-T.52 Mbps in 8 MHz channel or 2 HDTV streams (H.g.264. not take into account loss due to signaling / synchronization / sounding and Guard interval.65 bps/Hz at most Ø 256-QAM. DVB-T2 has 15 dB less SNR than DVB-T. DVB-T2 is more 2. 19.Conclusions (1/2) qBetter performance vOn the same bandwidth efficiency (~3bps/Hz). 5/6. action movie or sport) vMISO (Multiple Input Single Output) improves the performance furthermore v Spectrum efficiency is 6. 1920x1080p. e. ~10 Mbps. 41 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 . In term of coverage. 30f.

375 times of the DVB-T at most v Each transmitter signal is measured independently è more easy to optimize and monitor network è less operation expense v Extend limit of the distribution network delay q Flexible frame structure v Support TDM mode so that national services and local services could be integrated in the same RF channel v Support FEF mode so that broadcasting services and other services could be integrated in the same RF channel v Seamless handoff when crossing different service transmitters 42 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .Conclusion (2/2) q Cheaper expense v Longer guard interval è larger coverage è less transmitters è less capital expense Ø DVB-T2 extend the guard interval to 2.

GI=1/128. CR=2/3. BW=8 MHz. SISO. 40. PP7. 2010) Ø Channel 4 HD.2146 Mbps v The official launch of the service on April 3 and run through until the World Cup (3rd April. the throughput is 40 Mbps Ø 32KE. 2009. 256QAM.Commercialization of DVB-T2 (1/2) q UK v Guided by ofcom and leaded by BBC v BBC began the world’s DVB-T2 compliant test transmissions on 27/06/08 from Guildford transmitter v Decide to adapt MFN for DVB-T2 in October. S4C Clirlun(Wales). ITV1 HD q Austria v Oesterreichische Rundfunksender (ORS) v on UHF channel 65 from the Kahlenberg transmitting station near Vienna v began on the 12th April and will continue for 12 months (18th April 2010) 43 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 . channels BBC HD.

H. Media Broadcast.Commercialization of DVB-T2 (2/2) q Sweden v The Swedish Radio and Television Authority (RTVV) plans to allocate licenses in June and services are set to launch by the end of the year. 44 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .264 AVC coding (14th December 2009) q Germany v Germany’s national DTT operator. The test case is SFN in Lower Saxony (29th March 2010) B21C(Broadcasting 21 Century ): a task of CELTIC (Cooperation for a sustained European Leadership in Telecommunications) and the major objective is to conceive and concentrate the foundations for “Broadcast for the 21st Century”. is assessing equipment for its DVB-T2 trial and has recently chosen T-VIPS Advanced DTT Solutions to link DVB-T headends with DVB-T2 modulators. The services will use DVB-T2 in combination with MPEG-4 AVC (3rd May 2010) q Finland v Finnish operator DNA Oy has announced that it will launch two DTT HDTV multiplexes in VHF band III using the DVB-T2 standard and MPEG-4.

2007 q Ofcom. “Digital Dividend Review stakeholder event. “Digital Television: Enabling New ServicesFacilitating efficiency on DTT . 2008 q Ofcom. 19th.org/technology/dvbt2/index. 2008 q Ofcom.” Apr.” Jan.” Nov. 3rd. “DTG Response to Ofcom Consultation: The Future of Digital Terrestrial Television. 21th.References q http://en.wikipedia. “The Future of Digital Terrestrial TelevisionEnabling new services for viewers.” Feb. 30th. 2008 q http://dvb. q DTG.xml 45 Copyright © ITRI 工業技術研究院 .org/wiki/Digital_terrestrial_television q Ofcom. 2008.” Jan. “The Future of Digital Terrestrial TelevisionEnabling new services for viewers. 14th.

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