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Just-In-Time Manufacturing

Prepared by: Ahmed Tafish 2004-0303 Ziad Bakri 2004-0211

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Topics:
      What is JIT? JIT - Background and History Logic of JIT Factors of JIT Elements of JIT Manufacturing Advantages & Disadvantages

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novapdf.Topics:       Requirements for JIT Manufacturing Developing JIT Suppliers JIT block Jobs Companies Currently using JIT Conclusion ٣ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.com) .

Just-in-Time manufacturing ٤ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.com) .novapdf.

com) . Items are planned to arrive precisely at the time they are required for use or dispatch.Just-in-Time manufacturing  What is JIT? • A manufacturing/delivery process where a minimum of goods a re kept in stock.novapdf. “A philosophy of manufacturing based on planned elimination of wa ste and continuous improvement of productivity …… • Philosophy of JIT • Strategy of JIT ٥ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.

Just-in-Time manufacturing  JIT . ٦ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www. It was first developed and perfected within the Toyota manufacturing plants by Taiichi Ohno.Background and History JIT is a Japanese management philosophy which has been applied in practice since the early 1970s in many Japanese manufacturing organisations.novapdf.com) .

novapdf.com) .Just-in-Time manufacturing  Logic of JIT ٧ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.

novapdf.com) . low rework Quality Customer focus/Market responsiveness Highly responsive ٨ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www. continuous quality improvement. information upward Fast delivery Short Small Quality at the source.Just-in-Time manufacturing  Factors of JIT: Factor Layout Process and information flow Lead time Set-up/Transition time Batch size JIT Manufacturing GT/Cellular manufacturing Two way flow: material downward.

quality partners Manufacturing team Integrated systems. team responsibility High High High High level of sharing information.com) Decision making Technology Value added .Just-in-Time manufacturing Scheduling Employee involvement and teamwork Employee communication Employee empowerment Supplier involvement Localized team control.novapdf. new technology after process simplification High ٩ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.

Quality control concentrates on concentrates quality at every stage of manufacture including the purchase of raw material.com) .Just-in-Time manufacturing  Elements of JIT Manufacturing • Eliminating waste: Waste operations • Total Quality Management (TQM) Quality is an integral part of a JIT program. To increase the supplier quality two method is used: 1. SQE RI ١٠ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf. 2.

Just-in-Time manufacturing • JIT purchasing The most challenging area for most manufacturers in achieving JI T is the purchasing of raw materials and parts.com) . This is important bec ause an internal JIT system can only be operated successfully when th e material being fed into it are of sufficient quality and deliver ed on time. o Goals o Objectives o Tactics o Purchasing Requirements ١١ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.

Water Level = Inventory Rocks = Problems in the system Boat = Company Operations ١٢ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.Just-in-Time manufacturing • Reducing inventories Inventory Management -Eliminate Safety Stock = Zero Inventory -Reduce WIP -JIT is not an inventory control system -Reduction in inventory opens up space Inventory hides problems in a process.novapdf.com) .

com) .novapdf.Just-in-Time manufacturing • other important elements in JIT: o o o o Parallel processing Working toward repetitive manufacturing Enforced problem solving and continuous improvement People make JIT work ١٣ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.

Just-in-Time manufacturing  Advantages of JIT: • • • • • • • • Possible increase in profits Quality products Quicker setup Eliminates costs of storage facilities More flexible employees Quality relationships with suppliers Elimination of waste No down time ١٤ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.com) .novapdf.

com) .Just-in-Time manufacturing  Disadvantages of JIT • Long term commitment • Possible large initial cost with no short term returns • Problems with supplier can cost company large amounts of money • Risk of never successfully implementing JIT ١٥ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.

novapdf.Just-in-Time manufacturing  Requirements for JIT Manufacturing ١٦ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.com) .

There are four needs that affect the supplier's ability to perform : • • • • Trust Communications Linear Production Schedules Time and visibility to make changes ١٧ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www. This will provide both companies with the stability required to optimize the profit potential.Just-in-Time manufacturing  Developing JIT Suppliers It is important to develop a link between the companies so to ensure a long-term business relationship.com) .novapdf.

Just-in-Time manufacturing  JIT Block ١٨ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) .

and JIT is one of these fields. ١٩ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.com) .Just-in-Time manufacturing  Jobs: There are some fields that are considered very important to any engineer in order to get a better job opportunity . in fact he or she has no chance at all in getting a job if they do not have a good experience in JIT.novapdf.

novapdf.Just-in-Time manufacturing  Companies Currently using JIT • • • • • • • Harley Davidson Toyota Motor Company General Motors Ford Motor Company Manufacturing Magic Hawthorne Management Consulting Strategy Manufacturing Inc.com) . ٢٠ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.

make the company more productive and more efficient.Just-in-Time manufacturing  Conclusion o Just-in-time manufacturing can be a positive influence on a company. o When looked at it appears to be a very simple. o However there are many risks associated with attempting to implement JIT manufacturing techniques. ٢١ Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www. o If implemented successfully it would eliminate waste. quick.com) . and easy thing to do.novapdf.