Tourism in India

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Every year, more than 3 million tourists visit the Taj Mahal in Agra, Uttar Pradesh.

The sixth-century paintings at the Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad, Maharashtra

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDPand 8.78% of the total employment in India. In 2010, 25.8 million foreign tourists visited India.India generated about 200 billion US dollars in 2008 and that is expected to increase to US$375.5 billion by 2018 at a 9.4% annual growth rate.[1] The majority of foreign tourists come from USA and UK.Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan are the top five states to receive inbound tourists.[2] Domestic tourism in the same year was 740 million. Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra received the big share of these visitors.[3][4] Ministry of Tourism is the nodal agency to formulate national policies and programmes for the development and promotion of tourism. In the process, the Ministry consults and collaborates with other stakeholders in the sector including various Central Ministries/agencies, the state governments and union territories and the representatives of the private sector. Concerted efforts are being made to promote new

forms of tourism such as rural, cruise, medical and eco-tourism.[5] The Ministry of Tourism also maintains the Incredible India campaign. According to World Travel and Tourism Council, India will be a tourism hot-spot from 2009–2018,[6]having the highest 10-year growth potential.[7] The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2007ranked tourism in India sixth in terms of price competitiveness and 39th in terms of safety and security.[8] Despite short- and mediumterm setbacks, such as shortage of hotel rooms,[9] tourism revenues are expected to surge by 42% from 2007 to 2017.[10] India's thousands of years of history, its length, diversity and the variety of geographic features make its tourism basket large and varied. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.

1 Tourism by state

1.1 Andhra Pradesh

1.2 Arunancha l Pradesh

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1.3 Assam 1.4 Bihar 1.5 Chhattisgar h

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1.6 Delhi 1.7 Goa 1.8 Gujarat 1.9 Haryana 1.10 Himachal Pradesh

1.11 Jammu and Kashmir

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1.12 Karnataka 1.13 Kerala 1.14 Madhya


1.15 Maharash tra

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1.16 Manipur 1.17 Meghalay a

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1.18 Orissa 1.19 Pondicher ry

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1.20 Punjab 1.21 Rajasthan 1.22 Sikkim 1.23 Tamil Nadu

1.24 Uttarakha nd

1.25 Uttar Pradesh

1.26 West Bengal

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2 Historic monuments 3 Nature tourism

3.1 Wildlife in India

3.2 Hill stations

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3.3 Beaches 3.4 Adventure tourism

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4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

[edit]Tourism [edit]Andhra

by state


Main article: Tourism in Andhra Pradesh

Charminar in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

The state of Andhra Pradesh comprises like scenic hills, forests, beaches and temples. Also known as The City of Nizams and The City of Pearls, Hyderabad is today one of the most developed cities in the country and a modern hub of information technology, ITES, and biotechnology. Hyderabad is known for its rich history, culture and architecture representing its unique character as a meeting point for North and South India, and also its multilingual culture, Andhra Pradesh is the home of many religious pilgrim centres:

Tirupati, the abode of Lord Venkateswara, is the richest and most visited religious center (of any faith) in the world. Srisailam, the abode of Sri Mallikarjuna, is one of twelve Jyothirlingalu in India. Amaravathi's Siva temple is one of the Pancharamams, Vemulavada temple, one of the old abodes of Lord Shiva, reputed as Dakshina Kashi – Benaras of South India. Vemulavadatemple is built by Chalukya Kings between AD 750 and 975. Yadagirigutta, the abode of an avatara of Vishnu, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha.

The Ramappa Temple and Thousand Pillar Temple in Warangal are famous tourist spots and depict the finest taste of Kakatiya dynasty for arts & culture and temple carvings. Warangal is also home to Medaram – the Asia's largest tribal fair/festival called "Sammakka Saralamma Jatara".

Gnana Saraswati Temple, Basar is one of the famous Saraswati Temples in India.

Famous Buddhist centres:

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Amaravathi – Guntur District. Nagarjuna Konda – Bhattiprolu. Mangalagiri – Near to Vijaywada City. Ghantasala – Krishna District. Nelakondapalli – Krishna District. Dhulikatta – Karim Nagar District. Lingapalem – West Godavari District.

Others are Bavikonda, Thotlakonda, Shalihundam, Pavuralakonda, Sankaram, Phanigiri and Kolanpaka. Pilgrim centres and temples:

Sri Venkateswara Swami Temple – The abode of Lord Venkateswara, is the richest and most visited religious center (of any faith) in the world situated in Tirupathi City.

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Sri Kanaka Durga Temple – One of the Shkati Peetam's situated in Vijayawada City. Sri Mallikaruna Temple – One of the Jyothirlingam's situated in Srisilam Town. Sri Varaha Lakshmi Narashima Temple – Situated at Simhachalam near to Vizag City. Sri Kalashastiswara Temple – Situated at Srikalahasti Town. Sri Venkateswara Swami Temple – known as china Tirupathi located at Dwaraka Tirumala Town. Sri Amaralingeswara Swami Temple – One of the Pancharama's located at Amaravathi Town. Sri Someswara Swami Temple – One of the Pancharama's located at Bhimavaram Town. Sri Kshira Rama Lingeswara Swami Temple – One of the Pancharama's located at Palakol town. Sri Bhimeswara Swami Temple – One of the Pancharama's located at Rama Chandra Puram Town. Sri Satyanarayana Swami Temple – Located at Annavaram Town. Ramappa Temple – Near to Warangal City.

Thousand's of oldest temples are situated in Andhra pradesh. Attractions:

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Charminar – Center of the Hyderabad Old City. Golkonda Fort – Largest and 400 years oldest fort.

a great family of builders who had ruled the kingdom of Golkonda from 1512.The widely scattered archeological remains at different places in Arunachal bears testimony to its rich cultural heritage. . are some of the natural attractions of the state. King Bhishmaka founded his kingdom and Lord Krishna married his consort Rukmini. invites you to relax in its picturesque hills and valleys. so travel would not be advisable during this period. is situated 11 km west of Hyderabad. The most important builder of Golkonda was a Kakatiya King. the one-million-year old limestone caves at Borra. Araku Valley.      Makka Masjid – Masjid in Hyderabad City. Bhimili Beach – Beautiful Beach near to Vizag City. sage Vyasa meditated. picturesque Araku Valley. Yarada Beach. VUDA Park. and designed a perfect acoustical system by which a hand clap sounded at the fort's main gates. Golkonda (Telugu: గలకండ. hill resorts of Horsley Hills. the fortress citadel of Golkonda. enjoy its salubrious climate and meet its simple and hospitable people. It was here that sage Parashuram washed away his sin. 1364–1512). The weather in Andhra Pradesh is mostly tropical and the best time to visit is in November through to January. the grand portico. This is one of the fascinating features of the fort. a serene land tucked into the North Eastern tip of India. Araku Valley – known as Andhra Ooty near to Vizag City. Kuntala and rich bio-diversity at Talakona. Urdu: ‫ . Arunachal Pradesh. was rebuilt for defense from invading Mughals from the north. Their first capital. Visakhapatnam is home to many tourist attractions such as the INS Karasura Submarine museum. [edit]Arunanchal Pradesh Arunachal finds mention in the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharata. now in ruins. Indira Gandhi Zoological Gardens. Borra Caves – caves formed 1 million years ago situated near to Vizag City. with their glorious heritage of arts and crafts and colourful festivals that reflect their ancient faith in the inexorable power of nature. the Qutub Shahi kings.)گولکوندا‬a ruined city of south-central India and capital of ancient Kingdom of Golkonda (c. was heard at the top of the citadel. Ramoji Film City – Largest Film City in the world situated in Hyderabad City. The golden beaches at Visakhapatnam. The monsoon season commences in June and ends in September. This place is supposed to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. waterfalls at Ettipotala. They laid out Golkonda's splendid monuments. river Godavari racing through a narrow gorge at Papi Kondalu. situated on a 300-foot (91 m)-high granite hill. Kilash giri – Mountain View along with beach side situated in Vizag City. Ibrahim was following in the spirit of his ancestors.

Arunachal Pradesh is considered to be the "nature's treasure trove"and home to orchids. birds and plants will fascinate the visitor. the serene beauty of lakes such as Ganga lake or Sela lake or the numerous variations of scenic beauty of the snowclad silver mountain peaks and lush green meadows where thousands of species of flora and fauna prosper. the state provides abundant scope for angling. dances and crafts. [edit]Assam Main article: Tourism in Assam Indian Rhinoceroses grazing at the Kaziranga National Park. from one of the dominant taxa with more than six hundred species. or the sites of archeological excavations like Malinithan and Itanagar. plentiful climbers and abundance of cane and bamboo make Arunachal evergreen. Nature has provided the people with a deep sense of beauty which finds delightful expression in their songs. occurring in varying elevations and climatic conditions throughout the state.Tawang Monastery The visitor has a wide variety of options to pick from. The climate varies from hot and humid to heavy rainfall in the Shivalik range. trekking and hiking. there are a number of wild life sanctuaries and national parks where rare animals. Besides. rafting. Trees of great size. boating. In addition. It becomes progressively cold as one moves northwards to higher altitudes. There are places of worship and piligrimage such as Parasuramkund and 400 years old Tawang Monastery. known for their exquisitely beautiful blooms. .

Guru Teg Bahadur the holy Sikh Guru visited this place in 1505 and met Srimanta Sankardeva (the founder of the Mahapuruxiya Dharma) as the Guru traveled from Dhaka to Assam. Guwahati. historic Sivasagar. ruins of palaces. Assam experiences the Indian monsoon and has one of the highest forest densities in India. Tezpur and tea-estates dating back to time of British Raj. Assam boasts of famous wildlife preserves – the Kaziranga National Park. boasts many bazaars. famous for the ancient monuments of Ahom Kingdom. temples. Other notable features include the Brahmaputra River. which governed the region for many centuries before the British occupation. numerous temples includingKamakhya of Tantric sect. Assam has a rich cultural heritage going back to the Ahom Kingdom. the largest river island Majuli.Assam is the central state in the North-East Region of India and serves as the gateway to the rest of the Seven Sister States.This famous Gurudwara is situated in the heart of the Dhubri Town on the bank of the mighty Brahmaputra river in far north-east India. the mystery of the bird suicides in Jatinga. [edit]Bihar Main article: Tourism in Bihar Mahabodhi Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site . which is home to the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros and the Manas National Park andPobitora Wildlife Sanctuary (These first two parks are UNESCO World Heritage Site). the capital city of Assam. The weather is mostly sub-tropical. 'Gurdwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur also known as Damdama Sahib at Dhubri '. and wildlife sanctuaries. etc. The winter months (October end half to first half of April) are the best time to visit. the city of eternal romance.

Great Ashoka. Main attractions of Chhattisgarh are Chitrakot Waterfalls. Famous Attraction includes Mahabodhi Temple. Barabar Caves the oldest rockcut caves in India. mountains. This is the place of Aryabhata. Rajim. Gaya – Known for Bodh Gaya the place at which Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. Muzaffarpur – Famous for its education. Famous for the Maharaja forts and Kali Mandir. The state is blessed by nature with magnificent water falls. Bihar School of Yoga.  Takht Sri Patna Sahib – One of the famous Sikh pilgrimage known for the birth place of Sikh's Tenth Guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib.Bihar is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world with history of 3000 years.Ratanpur and Malhar. which can be felt by visiting the historical remains in the state. a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site is also situated in Bihar. Attractions:        Patna – The capital of Bihar. Jainism. Religious places such as Shakti Peethas. Sasaram – Tomb of Sher Shah Suri.33% of its area under forests and is one of the richest bio-diversity areas in the country.   Darbhanga – It is among the oldest cities of Bihar. Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library the oldest library of India. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments that are dotted all over this state in eastern India. Sirpur. There are many tourist attractions worth seeing. Nalanda – Location of one of the world's oldest university. Bhoramdeo temple. [edit]Chhattisgarh Main article: Tourism in Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh is a new state but with an ancient civilization. Kesariya – Location of the world's largest Buddhist Stupa. Bihar is one of the most sacred places of various religions such as Hinduism. the great Emperor of medieval India. forests and wildlife. Sikhism & Islam. Munger – Home to the only Yoga University in the world. Kutumsar Caves. Ramgarh and Sita Bengra. Sonepur Cattle Fair – The Sonepur cattle fair or Sonepur Mela. Buddhism. famous for its rich history and royal architecture. The Green State of Chhattisgarh has 41. it is the biggest cattle fair of Asia and stretches on from fifteen days to one month. Chanakyaand many other great historical figures. [edit]Delhi .

[edit]Goa Goa is noted for its resorts and beaches. making it rich in history. A former colony of Portugal. Red Fort. Hindu temples. Portuguese churches. Main article: Tourism in Goa Goa is one of the most famous tourist destinations in India. India Gate. Lodhi Gardens. green parks. and trendy malls.Laxminarayan Temple. and tree-lined boulevards.Lotus Temple Main article: Tourism in Delhi Delhi is the capital city of India. Dudhsagar Falls. Mangueshi Temple. Islamic shrines. Lotus temple and Akshardham Temple. Delhi is home to numerous political landmarks. national museums. The rulers left behind their trademark architectural styles. Humayun's tomb. Goa is famous for its excellent beaches. New Delhi is famous for its British colonial architecture. Jama Masjid. and Shantadurga are famous attractions in Goa. Rashtrapati Bhavan. Hindu temples. Purana Quila. Delhi currently has many renowned historic monuments and landmarks such as the Tughlaqabad fort. A fine blend of old and new. Delhi has been the capital of numerous empires that ruled India. The Basilica of Bom Jesus. Recently a Wax . wide roads. Modern monuments include Jantar Mantar. Delhi is a melting pot of cultures and religions. ancient and modern. and wildlife sanctuaries.Qutub Minar. andSafdarjung's Tomb.

Wildlife Tourism. It is also the birth place of Mahatma Ghandhi & Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. drums and reverberating music. Hindu craftsmanship mix with Islamic architecture. [edit]Gujarat Main article: Tourism in Gujarat World's largest Temple Complex. It is the tenth most popular state in the country for tourists with annual footfall of 18. Archeological & Heritage Tourism.Museum (Wax World) has also opened in Old Goa housing a number of wax personalities of Indian history.Gujarat is the sole home of the pure Asiatic Lions and is considered to be one of the most important protected areas in Asia. culture and heritage. During the Sultanate reign. there are more than 3000 temples located on the Shatrunjaya hills. Ahmedabad is considered to a ideal hub to cover all the destinations across Gujarat. Cultural Tourism. Gujarat offers many types of tourism like Business Tourism. with colorful masks and floats. exquisitely carved in marble. Religious Tourism. Gujarat. [edit]Haryana . Medical Tourism and much more. located in the western part of India with a coastline of 1600 km (longest in India).[11] Gujarat offers scenic beauty from Great Rann of Kutch to the hills of Saputara. and dance performances. Amitabh Bachchan is currently the brand ambassador of Gujarat Tourism. giving rise to the IndoSaracenic style. Many structures in the state are built in this fashion.9 million tourists. the great iconic figures during India's Independence movement. the seventh largest state in India. The Goa Carnival is a world famous event.

the "Hindu" religion.Haryana Pilgrim Destinations offers the devotees with a wide range of sacred places which are of considerable religious and historical significance.The sacred place of "Thanesar" has two important religious temples of the "Sthanesvar Mahadev Temple" and the "Ma Bhadra Kali Temple" that draws several devotees through out the year Pehowa. Jyotisar.The ancient place of "Jyotisar" is the nurturing ground of the values and principles that guide the oldest religion of the world . the "Bhagwad Gita" was complied in this sacred place Thanesar. The significance of the place lies in the fact that the holy religious text of the "Hindus" . who visit the important religious places in order to seek divine blessings and eternal happiness.The beautiful place of Panchkula offers the tourist with numerous places of religious and historical importance [edit]Himachal Pradesh . who pray to the deceased member of their family and offer "Pind Daan" to release them from the cycle of birth and re-birth Panchkula. Some of the notable "Pilgrim Destinations" of Haryana are: Lord Krishna and Arjuna Kurukshetra. The state of Haryana has a long historical and cultural tradition which is manifested in the numerous religious places which fills the tourist with an intense sense of satisfaction. The fierce battle field of the holy land of "Kurukhshetra" is a witness to the discourse between the mighty and valiant ruler "Arjuna" and his divine charioteer "Lord Krishna".The historical place of "Kurukshetra" is the cradle of Hindu civilization.The holy land of "Pehowa" is an important religious place among the Hindus. The pilgrim places of Haryana are thronged by devotees all over the year.

and heli-skiing are popular tourist attractions in Himachal Pradesh. gardens and forts. . castles.The Himalayan landscape of Himachal Pradesh is ideal for out-door activities such as skiing Himachal Pradesh is famous for its Himalayan landscapes and popular hill-stations. is known for its Tibetan monasteries and Buddhist temples.[12] Shimla. is very popular among tourists. Jammu's historic monuments feature a unique blend of Islamic and Hindu architecture styles. Other popular hill stations include Manali and Kasauli. ice-skating. Shimla is also a famous skiing attraction in India. Dharamshala. Many outdoor activities such as rock climbing. home of the Dalai Lama.Jammu is noted for its scenic landscape. Hindu and Muslim shrines. ancient temples and mosques. the state capital. mountain biking. Many trekking expeditions also begin here. The Kalka-Shimla Railway is a Mountain railway which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. paragliding. Vaishno Devi also attract thousands of Hindu devotees every year. The Hindu holy shrines of Amarnath in Kashmir Valley attracts about .4 million Hindu devotees every year. [edit]Jammu and Kashmir Main article: Tourism in Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir is known for its scenic landscape Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India.

illuminated for the Dasarafestival. Surathkal. Sringeri. Hooli. Karnataka is a rock climbers paradise. This part of Greater Himalaya called "moon on earth" consists of naked peaks and deep gorges. Galaganatha. Hangal. Gokarna.Bidar. is also a growing tourist spot. Hoysalas. This state has 21 wildlife sanctuaries and five National parks and is home to more than 500 species of birds. Gulmarg. Chaudayyadanapura. Kashmir's natural landscape has made it one of the popular destinations for adventure tourism in South Asia.Murdeshwara. Gulbarga. Yeusmarg and Mughal Gardens etc. Mahakuta.Gokarna.[13][14] They built great monuments to Buddhism. Fort in Chitradurga. Notable Islamic monuments are present at Bijapur. These monuments are preserbed at Badami. Shaivism. Sannati.Aihole. second highest in India Main article: Tourism in Karnataka Karnataka has been ranked as fifth most popular destination for tourism among states of India. Leh. Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur. Nandi Hills. Kolar. Lakshmeshwar. Halasi. Kuruvatti and many more. Gadag. Chalukyas. Raichur and other part of the state. Bagali.7 million tourists. Belur. Srinagar Phalagam. has the second largest pre-modern dome in the world after the Byzantine Hagia Sophia. Rashtrakutas. Kannada dynasties like Kadambas. Jog falls of Shimoga District is one of the highest waterfalls in Asia.Dambal. Nanjangud.[2] It has the second highest number of protected monuments in India. Jainism. Often dubbed "Paradise on Earth". Karnataka is famous for its waterfalls. Mudabidri.Halebid u. at 507. Shivagange in Tumkur district and tekal in Kolar district are a rock climbers heaven. In recent years. This receives 2. Western Gangas. Yana in Uttara Kannada. Mahadeva Temple (Itagi). Shravanabelagola.Vijayanagaras and the Kingdom of Mysore ruled from what is today Karnataka. Ramnagara near Bangaloredistrict. Hampi. the capital. Pattadakal. Karnataka has many beaches at Karwar. Notable places are Dal Lake. Ladakh has emerged as a major hub for adventure tourism. Lakkundi. Sudi. Banavasi. Karnataka has two World heritage sites. at Hampi and Pattadakal.Tourism forms an integral part of the Kashmiri economy.[15] . [edit]Karnataka Mysore Palace. Mysore. Kashmir's mountainous landscape has attracted tourists for centuries.

Kumarakom. Mattancherry Palace are also visited. and Punnamada—also see heavy tourist traffic. Cherai and Varkala. and national parks and wildlife sanctuaries at Periyar and Eravikulam National Park. Cities such as Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) are popular centres for shopping and traditional theatrical performances. Main article: Tourism in Kerala Kerala is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. Nelliampathi. Nicknamed as one of the "10 paradises of the world" by National Geographic. the hill stations of Munnar. Kerala is known for its tropical backwaters and pristine beaches such as Kovalam. The state's tourism agenda promotes ecologically sustained tourism. Growing at a rate of 13. [edit]Madhya Pradesh Main article: Tourism in Madhya Pradesh . has made it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.[edit]Kerala Kerala. which focuses on the local culture. coupled with its varied demography. Its unique culture and traditions. Ponmudi and Wayanad. volunteering and personal growth of the local population. the tourism industry significantly contributes to the state's economy. nicknamed as "God's own country. and enhance the cultural integrity of local people. The "backwaters" region—an extensive network of interlocking rivers. wilderness adventures. Popular attractions in the state include the beaches at Kovalam. Kerala is famous especially for its eco-tourism initiatives. such as the Hill Palace. Efforts are taken to minimise the adverse effects of traditional tourism on the natural environment. Heritage sites. lakes." is famous for its houseboats. and canals that centre on Alleppey.31%.

tiger.Kuno Palpur national park is getting African cheetas and is expected to become only reserve having four species of big cats (lion. Madhya Pradesh is also known as Tiger State because of the tiger population. Sikhism and Jainism. It has been home to the cultural heritage of Hinduism. Islam. Innumerable monuments. Bandhavgadh. exquisitely carved temples. Pench are located in Madhya Pradesh. leopord and cheetah). the Tomb of Rani Lakshmibai. Sanjay. The Khajuraho group of monuments are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Spectacular mountain ranges. forts and palaces are dotted all over the state. Buddhism. Madhya Pradesh is called the "Heart of India" because of its location in the centre of the country.The temples of Khajuraho are famous for their erotic sculptures. Md. Shivpuri. Jai Vilas Palace. stupas. Ghaus & Tansen. meandering rivers and miles and miles of dense forests offering a unique and exciting panorama of wildlife insylvan surroundings. The temples of Khajuraho are world-famous for their erotic sculptures. [edit]Maharashtra . and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Famous national parks like Kanha. Gwalior is famous for its fort.

canoeing.kayaking. Ajanta Caves. from the ancient Elephanta Caves. and Bollywood. gastronomy.[2] with more than 5. Dajipur. Mumbai famous for Bollywood. Mumbai is the most popular cosmopolitan city in India. Nagzira (very small with incredible sightings). and upscale gastronomy. Maharashtra boasts of a large number of popular and revered religious venues that are heavily frequented by locals as well as out-of-state visitors.Mumbai is the most popular cosmopolitan city in India. and a great place to experience modern India. Melghat (disturbed with massive mining truck movement). the world's largest film industry. Ellora Caves and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus are the three UNESCO World Heritage sites in Maharashtra and are highly responsible for the development of Tourism in the state. Maharashtra accounts for largest foreign tourists arrivals in India. Maharashtra also has numerous adventure tourism destinations. Maharashtra also has several pristine national parks and reserves. Mumbai is famous for its clubs. to the Islamic Haji Ali Mosque. famous for its architecture. Radhanagari and of course the only national . shopping. snorkeling. including paragliding. shopping.[2] Main article: Tourism in Maharashtra See also: Tourist Attractions in Mumbai Maharashtra is the most visited state in India by foreign tourists. to the colonial architecture of Bombay High Court andChhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.1 million foreign tourists arrivals annually. In addition. The city is known for its architecture. rock climbing. and scuba diving. some of the best ones are Tadoba with excellent accommodation and safari experiences besides little known by amazing wildlife destinations like Koyna.

which can be called a royal game. Trimbak famous for religious importance and the city of Pune the seat of the Maratha Empire and the fantasticGanesh Chaturthi celebrations together contribute for the Tourism sector of Mahrashtra. Polo. [edit]Manipur Loktak lake Manipur as the name suggest is a land of jewels. dance. Sangai (brow antlered deer) and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are few of the rare things found in Manipur.park within metropolis city limits in the world – Sanjay Gandhi National Park. theater and sculpture. The Bibi Ka Maqbara at Aurangabad the Mahalakshmi temple atKolhapur. The beautiful and seasonal Shirui Lily at Ukhrul (district). also originated from Manipur. Some of the main tourist attractions are:     Imphal (Capital) Churachandpur Keibul Lamjao National Park War cemeteries Loktak Lake Moreh   [edit]Meghalaya . the cities of Nashik. Its rich culture excels in every aspects as in martial arts. The charm of the place is the greenery with the moderate climate making it a tourists' heaven.

It lies to the south of the capital Shillong. The Meghalayan subtropical forests support a vast variety of flora and fauna. Weinia falls. The town is very well known and needs little publicity. sailing boats. Meghalaya. . The state offers several trekking routes some of which also afford and opportunity to encounter some rare animals such as the slow loris. Langshiang Falls and Sweet Falls. cruise-boats. Therefore constitutes one of the most important ecotourism circuits in the country today. The Umiam Lake has a water sports complex with facilities such as rowboats. The hot springs at Jakrem near Mawsynram are believed to have curative and medicinal properties. Shadthum Falls. 50 kilometer long road. Nohkalikai Falls. A rather scenic. rock climbing. also offers many adventure tourism opportunities in the form of mountaineering. water-scooters and speedboats. connects Cherrapunjee with Shillong. trekking and hiking. Cherrapunjee is one of the most popular tourist spots in North East of India. Bishop Falls. paddleboats. water sports etc. [edit]Orissa Konark Sun Temple built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.Nohkalikai Falls Meghalaya has some of the thickest surviving forests in the country. The popular waterfalls in the state are the Elephant Falls. assorted deer and bear. Meghalaya has 2 national parks and 3 wildlife sanctuaries.

Rock-edicts that have challenged time stand huge and over-powering by the banks of the river Daya. rock-cut caves. Lalitagiri as well as Ratnagiri.Chilka Lake Main article: Tourism in Orissa See also: Tourism in Kosal Orissa has been a preferred destination from ancient days for people who have an interest in spirituality. viharas. [edit]Pondicherry Main article: Tourism in Pondicherry . rock-edicts. on the banks of river Birupa. art and natural beauty. Orissa is also famous for its well-preserved Hindu Temples. The torch of Buddhism is still ablaze in the sublime triangle at Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves. jungle products and their unique life style blended with their healing practices have got world wide attention. the classical and ethnic dance forms and a variety of festivals. different dance forms. Their handicrafts. The Sitalsasthi Carnival is a must see for everyone who wants to see a glimpse of the art and culture of Orissa at one place. Ancient and medieval architecture. religion. especially the Jagnath Temple at Puri. pristine sea beaches. Precious fragments of a glorious past come alive in the shape of stupas. Konark Sun Temple and The Leaning Temple of Huma. excavated monasteries.[16] Orissa is the home for various tribal communities who have contributed uniquely to the multicultural and multilingual character of the state. chaityas and sacred relics in caskets and the Rock-edicts of Ashoka. Orissa has kept the religion of Buddhismalive. culture.

Some of the villages in Punjab are also a must see for the person who wants to see the true Punjab. ancient civilization. a golden metallic sphere in Auroville. spirituality and epic history. Chandigarh. churches. this is a must see for any visitor that goes to India. farms and temples. Hotel Ista has become very popular with nonresident Indian (NRI) community.000 pilgrims and tourists visiting on a daily basis. Pondicherry is the Capital of this Union Territory and one of the most popular tourist destinations in South India. temples. Punjab has a vast public transportation and communication network. Punjab also has a rich Sikhreligioushistory. Some of the main cities in Punjab are Amritsar. Lonely Planet Bluelist 2008 has voted the Harmandir Sahib as one of the world’s best spiritual sites with over 100. Pondicherry The Union Territory of Pondicherry comprises four coastal regions viz. The city has many beautiful colonial buildings. which. still preserve much of the colonial ambience. and statues. Since Amritsar is a big tourist spot. [edit]Rajasthan .Pondicherry. culture and history. combined with the systematic town planning and the well planned French style avenues.The Matrimandir. Mahe and Yanam. New properties by Radisson and Taj are coming up in this city. [edit]Punjab Main article: Tourism in Punjab (India) Harimandir Sahib or The Golden Temple The state of Punjab is renowned for its cuisine. a lot of five star hotels are getting attracted to open up properties here. with their beautiful traditional Indian homes. Patiala and Ludhiana. Pondicherry has been described by National Geographic as "a glowing highlight of subcontinental sojourn". Tourism in Punjab is principally suited for the tourists interested in culture. Karaikal.

[edit]Sikkim .Umaid Bhawan Palace Main article: Tourism in Rajasthan Rajasthan. Attractions:            Jaipur – The capital of Rajasthan. Jaisalmer – Famous for its golden fortress. Jodhpur – Fortress-city at the edge of the Thar Desert. Pushkar – It has the first and one of the very Brahma temples in the world. Udaipur – Known as the "Venice" of India. Bikaner – Famous for its medieval history as a trade route outpost. The vast sand dunes of the Thar Desert attract millions of tourists from around the globe every year. is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Northern India. literally meaning "Land of the Kings". Keoladeo National Park – A UNESCO World Heritage Site Nathdwara – This town near Udaipur hosts the famous temple of Shrinathji. Barmer – Barmer and surrounding areas offer perfect picture of typical Rajasthani villages. famous for its blue homes and architecture. famous for its rich history and royal architecture. Mount Abu – Is the highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan. Ranthambore – Has one of the largest national parks in India.

the nearest airport to Sikkim would be Bagdogra. Handicraft Shops and Tsangpo Lake. the nearest railway station to Sikkim. Although. [edit]Tamil Nadu Main article: Tourism in Tamil Nadu The Nilgiri Mountain Railway. The popular sightseeing places include Baba Mandir. other than its world famous "Darjeeling tea" is also famous for its refined "Prep schools" founded during the British Raj. a UNESCO World Heritage Site provides a scenic view of hills throughout its 41 km journey between Mettupalayam and Ooty (7500 FT above ground level). Nathula Pass. Darjeeling. which in the local language means "peaceful home". an airport is under construction at Dekiling in East Sikkim. located approximately 105 kilometers from New Jalpaiguri. The capital of Sikkim is Gangtok. . Sikkim was an independent kingdom till the year 1974. Originally known as Suk-Heem. Kalimpong is also famous for its flora cultivation and is home to many internationally known Nurseries. when it became a part of the Republic of India. Places near Sikkim include Darjeeling also known as the "Queen of Hills" and Kalimpong.Kangchenjunga is the third highestmountain in the world. mystic cultures and colorful traditions. Rumtek Monastery. Sikkim is well known among trekkers and adventure lovers. Sikkim is considered as the land of orchids.

[23] It boasts of some old hill-stations developed during British era like Mussoorie. Yakashyas. Chaukhamba. Pichavaram the world's second largest mangrove forestare located in the state. Neelkanth. The state also holds the credit of having maximum number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites (5) in India which includes Great Living Chola Temples and Mahabalipuram.Mathur Totti Palam one of the biggest aqueducts.[17] Tamil Nadu has some great temples like Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple.[17]Archaeological sites with civilization dating back to 3800 years[18] are found in Tamil Nadu. snow-clad mountains. Panchachuli. both in height and length. Char-dhams. Dunagiri. Fairies and Sages. With more than 34000 temples. Kedarnath. the 27th state of the Republic of India. the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples:Badrinath. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple[disambiguation needed ] [19] .[20][21] Kanyakumari is the southernmost tip of India provides scenic view of sunset and sunshine over the Indian ocean. It is considered the abode of Devtas. Haridwar which means Gateway to God is the only place on the plains. valley of flowers. Kodaikanal. highest statue of Asia[citation needed] and ancient wooden palace of Marthandavarma (known as Padmanabapuram palace) .[22] [edit]Uttarakhand The Valley of Flowers and Nanda DeviNational Parks are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. .Thiruvalluvar statue of the St Tamil poet. This state is also known for Medical tourism and houses some of Asia's largest hospitals. is called "the abode of the Gods". Yelagiri are widely visited. Valparai. Kinners. Water Falls and Wildlife sanctuaries are located across the state. Ooty. Hill stations likeYercaud. Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in the Himalayas. It holds the watershed for Gangetic River System spanning 300 km from Satluj in the west to Kali river in the east. skiing slopes and dense forests. Almora and Nainital. in Asia. Brihadeeswarar Temple. and many shrines and places of pilgrimage. Trisul are other peaks above 23000 Ft. Nanda Devi (25640 Ft) is the second highest peak in India after Kanchenjunga(28160 Ft). It contains glaciers. Uttarakhand.Tamil Nadu is the top state in attracting the maximum number of foreign tourists in India.

Bunder Punch Glacier. and Hinduism's holiest city. Geographically. Dayara Bagyaland Munsiyari. Uttarkashi. Trekking at Mussoorie. Munsiyari. Gangotri Glacier. Ralam Glacier Wildlife Reserves Corbett National Park. Uttar Pradesh is important with its wealth of historical monuments and religious fervour. Kathak one of the eight forms of Indian classical dances. Varanasi.Joshimath. Uttar Pradesh is very diverse.Glaciers Pindari Glacier. Auli. It is also home of India's most visited site. Uttar Pradesh is at the heart . Paragliding at Yelagiri. originated from Uttar Pradesh. Milam Glacier. Nainital [edit]Uttar Pradesh Main article: Tourism in Uttar Pradesh FATEHPUR SIKRI KUSHINAGAR Situated in the northern part of India. Asan Conservation Reserve. Govind Wildlife Sanctuary. Rajaji National Park. Doonagiri Glacier. Pauri. Khatling Glacier. with Himalayan foothills in the extreme north and the Gangetic Plain in the centre. Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary (Askot). Valley of Flowers Adventure Sports Skiing at Mundali. Chaukori. Kaphini Glacier.Uttar Pradesh is the most popular tourist destination in India. the Taj Mahal. The most populous state of the Indian Union also has a rich cultural heritage. Dokrani Glacier.Nanda Devi National Park.border with the capital of India New Delhi.Almora.

Mughlai cuisine.Uttar Pradesh's administrative and education capital. British era. Allahabad or Prayag -Kumbh Mela-The place where Indian national river Ganges and Yamuna and Saraswati rivers meet.Several historical places Mughal.One of the finest Textiles Industry in the world. British and ancient India. Cuisine of Uttar Pradesh like Awadhi cuisine.City of temples. Uttar Pradesh has much to offer.Places of interest in include:  Varanasi-The origin of Hinduism and world's one of the oldest city. A view of the Ghat of Varanasi from the River Ganges   Agra – Taj Mahal and several others historical monuments and gardens.One of the most popular religious center of ancient and modern India for popular with another name The Heartland of India. Kumbh Mela Kumbh Mela at Allahabad   Kanpur – Uttar Pradesh's commercial and Industrial hub.Akbar forts.Most popular holy place of lord Shiva devotees. Lucknow-The capital of Uttar Pradesh.of India. .several historical places fromMughal. Kumauni cuisine are very famous in entire India and abroad.A mass Hindu pilgrimage in which Hindus gather at the Ganges river.

.  Chunar-It's the center of clay art. Meerut-The historical place of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence.It has beautiful waterfalls and natural spots. Lucknow  Mathura-The birth place of Lord Krishna of Hinduism and Neminath of Jainism.   Fatehpur Sikri-Historical place for Mughal Empire's palaces and forts. where Gautama Buddha is believed to have attained Parinirvana after his death. Kusuma Sarovar bathing ghat.Rani Lakshmibai's battlefield against British Sarnath-Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma.chunar has an 6th century fort constructed by Chandragupta Vikramaditya. Jhansi-Historical place. the eleventh Jain Tirthankar of the Jainism.The fort itself had through rulers like Humayun. the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage which his devout followers should visit.Indian Historical place from Mahabharata period of ancient India to Modern India's one of the fastest growing city of Uttar Pradesh.The birth place of Shreyansanath. in theGoverdhan area.It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site.Gateway to Bara Imambara.  Kushinagar. Vrindavan    Ayodhya-The birth place of Lord Rama of Hinduism . Sher Shah Suri and was gateway of Mauryan empire.

The birthplace of Paramhansa Yogananda.civilization.  Rehar:Several major tourist attractions can be mentioned in the town’s surroundings. Jain and Sikh saints.  Ghaziabad: Historical places from ancient India to modern India and India's fastest growing Industrial city . [edit]West Bengal Victoria Memorial in Kolkata .It consists of vindhyachal shaktipeeth. Muhammad bin Tughluq as Jaunpur Sultanate.religions and culture. Elephant Rides.  Gorakhpur: The city was home to Buddhist. Frog Temple at Oyal. Muslim. Electronics and education hub of Northern India.and very popular tourist destination for its natural beauties and one of the fastest growing region of Uttar Pradesh.  Dudhwa National Park – Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. like Jim Corbett National Park about 24 km. Nainitalabout 69 km Uttar Pradesh is the historical heart land of India. See Buddh International Circuit  NOIDA and Greater Noida:IT. Birds Sanctuary.Where each part of the state is attached with ancient history.Mughals.  Jaunpur:Historical city was founded by the Sultan of Delhi Feroz Shah Tughlaq and named in memory of his father.great Hindu emperor Chandragupta Maurya. Lodis and Islamic ruler's Forts and ancient history of India. Hindu.India's biggest city with planned and highteck residential area. Surat Bhawan Palace. Mirzapur Division-The hub of world's finest carpet Industries.

Kolkata See also: Places of interest in Kolkata Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).Paul's Cathedral ·M Street · Jorasanko Thakur Bari · Netaji Bhawan · Marble Palace · Missionaries of Charity · National Library of India · Kalighat Temple · Park Street ·South Park Street C Planetarium · Science City · Shobhabazar Rajbari · Alipore Zoo · Vidyasagar Setu. the layout of much of the architectural variety in Kolkata owes its origins to European styles and tastes imported by the British as it was the capital of British India from 1772–1911 and. . Unlike many north Indian cities. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Ramakrishna. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay. Today. Swami Vivekananda. Home to the famousBengal Renaissance which boasts of a host of luminaries like Raja Rammohan Roy. to a much lesser extent. theatre to films. Bidhan Chandra Roy. as such practices were favourable to monetary gains from the British). This comes from the numerous palatial mansions built all over the city. Some of the major buildings of this period are well maintained and several buildings have been declared as heritage structures. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and countless others. a nouveau riche Bengali who aspired to cultivation of English etiquette. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. the Portuguese and French.Bagh · Dakshineswar Kali Temple · Belur Math · Eden Gardens · St.B. Chittaranjan Das. many of these structures are in various stages of decay. Must Sees of Kolkata Victoria Memorial · Howrah Bridge · Kumartuli · Indian Botanical Garden · B. manners and custom. Jagadish Chandra Bose. literature to sciences. whose construction stresses minimalism.D. Long known as The Cultural Capital of India for its vibrant culture which has led India from the forefront from the 18th century onwards in all fronts ranging from culture to arts. Sri Aurobindo. The buildings were designed and inspired by the tastes of the English gentleman around and the aspiring Bengali Babu (literally. Bagha Jatin. The city has lost much of its glory now but has never lost its effervescence. sports to politics.Rabindranath Tagore. the huge city in the state of West Bengal has been nicknamed theCity of Palaces.

Cooch Behar Palace Rashchakra at Cooch Behar Rashmela A view of the Teesta River valley near Kalimpong .

and several architectural specimens still retain the glory and shin of those times. where Swamiji was born and raised. Pau John's Church · Parsi Fire Temples · Japanese Buddhist Jain Temple · Tarakeswar ·Tarapith · Furfura [edit]Historic monuments  The Taj Mahal is one of India's best-known sites and one of the best architectural achievements in India. gaur. such as theGangetic dolphin.Gorumara National Park. minivetand Kalij pheasants. Towards the British colonial period came the architecture of Murshidabad and Coochbehar.The high-altitude forests of Singalila National Park shelter barking deer. chinkara. although the forest hosts many other endangered species. pangolin. bison. ruins from the period still remain. Additionally. Indian elephants. serow. Extant wildlife include Indian rhinoceroses. Notable sites of West Bengal Cooch Behar · Darjeeling · Kalimpong · Kurseong · Dooars · Digha · Bishnupur ·Malda · Mayapur · Mukutmanipur · Ajodhya Hills · Murshidabad · Kolkata. Places of Worship Dakshineswar Kali Temple · Kalighat Temple · Birla Math · Tipu Sultan Mosque · Nakhoda Masjid · St. as well as many bird species.located in Agra. leopards. takin. The Hindu architecture of Bishnupur[disambiguation needed ] in terracotta andlaterite sandstone are renowned world over. Neora Valley National Park and Singalila National Park.jpg Swami Vivekananda's Ancestral House in Simla. However. deer. The twin medieval cities had been sacked at least once by changing powers in the 15th century. A Bengal tiger West Bengal is home to five national parks[24] — Sundarbans National Park. red panda. North Calcutta. It was built between 1631 and 1653 by Emperor Shah Jahan in .From historical point of view. river terrapin and estuarine crocodile. File:Vivekananda Ancestral House. and crocodiles. the Sundarbans are noted for a reserve project conserving the endangered Bengal tiger. Migratory birds come to the state during the winter. Uttar Pradesh . Buxa Tiger Reserve. the story of West Bengal begins from Gour andPandua[disambiguation needed ] situated close to the present district town of Malda.

 The Bahá'í temple in Delhi. an amalgamation of Indian architecture. The Mahabodhi Temple is a 2000 year old temple dedicated to Gautam Buddha in Bodh Gaya. Tamil Nadu have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.  The Nalanda is located in the Indian State of Bihar. Tamil Nadu built by the Cholas. near Kumbakonam.[25][26] It has been called "one of the first great universities in recorded history. Bihar. notablyKumaragupta. The temple is one of India's most prized architectural sites."[26] According to historical studies the University of Nalanda was established 450 C. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai. Punjab. was completed in 1986 and serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian Subcontinent.   The Airavateswara temple is located in the town of Darasuram. India. The Shore Temple. The gurudwara is located inAmritsar. Persian and Islamic architecture and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.E partly under the Pala Empire. was a Buddhist center of learning from 427 C. (It is also known as the Lotus Temple.E to 1197 C.   Varanasi The ghats of one of the oldest city of the world. The Taj Mahal serves as her tomb. Arjumand Banu.E under the patronage of the Gupta emperors.  Fatehpur Sikri It was the first planned city of the Mughals and also the first one designed in Mughal architecture. The Taj Mahal Palace is an icon of Mumbai. Tamil Nadu. It has won numerous architectural awards and been featured in hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles. built during the British Raj. built for Queen Victoria .[25]  The Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur.)     The Hawa Mahal in Jaipur also known as Palace of Winds. more popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal.  The Harmandir Sahib is one of the most respected gurudwara in India and the most sacred place for Sikhs. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. along with the collection of other monuments in Mahabalipuram. The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata.honor of his wife.

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai is a train station built in Gothic architecture in honor of chhatrapati Shivaji maharaj. . which resulted in varieties of nature tourism. The world's largest mangrove forest as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Western Ghats Hill Stations Wildlife reserves Deserts [edit]Wildlife in India Main article: Fauna of India Royal Bengal Tiger in Sundarbans.  The Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world and has also been enlisted among the top 14 finalists in the New7Wonders of Nature      Water falls in Western Ghats including Jog falls (highest in India). [edit]Nature tourism India has geographical diversity.

Asiatic Lion. Nilgai. [edit]Hill stations Vindhya Range (िििि‍ििि) Range . Its climatic and geographic diversity makes it the home of over 350 mammals and 1200 bird species. Manas National Park. India also has a large variety of protected wildlife. Kanha. Some well known national wildlife sanctuaries include Bharatpur. Leopard and Indian Rhinoceros.Kaziranga. Ranthambore. Gaur and several species of deer and antelope.Sundarbans and Keoladeo National Park are UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Kaziranga National Park.India is home to several well known large mammals including the Asian Elephant. Some members of the dog family such as the Indian Wolf. wild Asian Water buffalo. The world's largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in southern West Bengal. Other well known large Indian mammals include ungulates such as thedomestic Asian Water buffalo. Macaques. often engrained culturally and religiously often being associated with deities. Corbett. Golden Jackal and the Dhole or Wild Dogs are also widely distributed. Bengal Fox. Manas and Sariska. Periyar. Bengal Tiger. It is also home to the Striped Hyaena. Langurs and Mongoose species. of which 19 fall under the purview of Project Tiger. many of which are unique to the subcontinent. Raiganj. The country's protected forest consists of 75National parks of India and 421 sanctuaries.

Since Indian Independence. Gulmarg. Srinagar and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir Shillong in Meghalaya Darjeeling in West Bengal Shimla. a hill station inHimachal Pradesh. the role of these hill stations as summer capitals has largely ended. A panaromic view of Ooty.A summer view of Khajjiar. Madhya Pradesh – It is also known as The Queen of Satpura. Most famous hill stations are:            Mount Abu. Rajasthan Vindhya Range. of British India itself. princely states. or. in the case of Shimla. Uttar Pradesh Pachmarhi. Kullu in Himachal Pradesh Nainital in Uttarakhand Gangtok in Sikkim Mussoorie in Uttarakhand Manali in Himachal Pradesh . but many hill stations remain popular summer resorts. one of the finest hill-stations in India Main article: List of Indian hill stations Several hill stations served as summer capitals of Indian provinces.

Shown here is Havelock Island. Yercaud and Kodaikanal in Tamil Nadu In addition to the bustling hill stations and summer capitals of yore. there are several serene and peaceful nature retreats and places of interest to visit for a nature lover. Andhra Pradesh Munnar in Kerala Ooty. to small. Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Some of the famous tourist beaches are: .Maharastra. part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands India offers a wide range of tropical beaches with silver/golden sand to coral beaches ofLakshadweep. Mukteshwar in the Himalayas.      Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Haflong in Assam Araku. Gujarat. to rolling vistas of Western Ghats to numerous private retreats in the rolling hills of Kerala. However. exclusive nature retreats such as Dunagiri. there are a lot many unexploited beaches in the states of Andhra Pradesh. States like Kerala and Goa have exploited the potential of beaches to the fullest. These states have very high potential to develop them as future destinations for prospective tourists. [edit]Beaches Main article: List of beaches in India Elephants and camel rides are common on Indian beaches.Binsar. These range from the stunning moonscapes of Leh and Ladhak.

West Bengal Beaches of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Beaches of Lakshadweep Islands [edit]Adventure tourism Skiing in Manali. Chennai City Beach. Himachal Pradesh       River rafting and kayaking in Himalayas Mountain climbing in Himalayas Rock climbing in Madhya Pradesh Skiing in Gulmarg or Auli Boat racing in Bhopal Paragliding in Maharashtra [edit]See also  List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India . Orissa Beaches of Digha.             Beaches of Vizag. Kerala Marina Beach. Pondicherry Beaches of Mahabalipuram Beaches in Mumbai Beaches of Diu Beaches of Midnapore. West Bengal Beaches of Goa Kovalam Beach. Andhra Pradesh Beaches of Puri.

    List of Indian hill stations Medical tourism in India Luxury Trains in India Times of India's list of seven Wonders of India .

' This meaning changed in modern English to represent 'one's turn.asp?ID=2725] Over the decades. It has become the fastest growing service industry in the country with great potentials for its further expansion and diversification. When the word tour and the suffixes -ism and -ist are combined. the act of leaving and then returning to the original starting point. the word "tour" is derived from the Latin 'tornare' and the Greek 'tornos.' The suffix -ism is defined as 'an action or process. Wikipedia defines it as travel for recreational. One can argue that a circle represents a starting point. Theobald (1994) suggested that etymologically. The OECD glossary of statistical terms defined tourism as the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure. However. [ and therefore.. No doubt it has become the fourth largest industry in the global economy.wikipedia. [en.e. one who takes such a journey can be called a tourist. business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited. i. in developing countries like India tourism has become one of the major sectors of the economy.oecd. they suggest the action of movement around a circle. leisure or business] The Macmillan Dictionary defines tourism as the business of providing services for people who are travelling for their holiday. which ultimately returns back to its beginning. like a circle. Similarly.DEVELOPMENT AND IMPACT OF TOURISM INDUSTRY IN INDIA INTRODUCTION There are various definitions of tourism. Therefore. contributing to a large proportion of the National Income and generating huge employment opportunities. a tour represents a journey that is a round trip. there are pros and cons involved with the development of tourism . the movement around a central point or axis.' meaning 'a lathe or circle. Tourism has become a thriving global industry with the power to shape developing countries in both positive and negative ways. typical behavior or quality' whereas the suffix -ist denotes one that performs a given action. tourism has experienced continued growth and deepening diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world.

Thereafter. A National Policy on tourism was announced in 1982. the New Tourism Policy recognises the roles of Central and State governments. public sector undertakings and the private sector in the development of tourism were. But it was only after the 80’s that tourism activity gained momentum. The Government took several significant steps. India witnesses more than 5 million annual foreign tourist arrivals and 562 million domestic tourism visits. The tourism industry in India generated about US$100 billion in 2008 and that is expected to increase to US$275. India will be a tourism hotspot from 2009-2018. Let us discuss the development as well as the negative and positive impacts of tourism industry in India. a National Action Plan was prepared and in 1996 the National Strategy for Promotion of Tourism was drafted.5 billion by 2018 at a 9.23% to the national GDP and providing 8. The approach has evolved from isolated planning of single unit facilities in the Second and Third Five Year Plans.78% of the total employment. Later in 1988. The need for involvement of Panchayati Raj institutions. with a contribution of 6. the development of tourism was taken up in a planned manner in 1956 coinciding with the Second Five Year Plan. having the highest 10-year growth potential.industry in the country.. A. In 1997. Present Situation and Features of Tourism in India Today tourism is the largest service industry in India. The Ministry of Tourism is the nodal agency for the development and promotion of tourism in India and maintains the "Incredible India" campaign. the National Committee on Tourism formulated a comprehensive plan for achieving a sustainable growth in tourism. As per the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2009 by the . DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM IN INDIA Early Development The first conscious and organized efforts to promote tourism in India were made in 1945 when a committee was set up by the Government under the Chairmanship of Sir John Sargent.4% annual growth rate. the then Educational Adviser to the Government of India (Krishna. 1993). The Sixth Plan marked the beginning of a new era when tourism began to be considered a major instrument for social integration and economic development. local bodies.G. According to World Travel and Tourism Council. non-governmental organisations and the local youth in the creation of tourism facilities has also been recognised. In 1992.

The India travel and tourism industry ranked 5th in the long-term (10-year) growth and is expected to be the second largest employer in the world by 2019. ivory and brass work are the main shopping items of foreign tourists. and the fourth best new country for business. snow. forests and wild life and landscapes for eco-tourism. river and mountain peaks for adventure tourism. and strong creative industries in the country. India is ranked 11th in the Asia Pacific region and 62nd overall. led by the United Arab Emirates. varied life styles and cultural heritage and colourful fairs and festivals held abiding attractions for the India has been ranked the "best country brand for value-for-money" in the Country Brand Index (CBI) survey conducted by Future Brand. It is ranked the 14th best tourist destination for its natural resources and 24th for its cultural resources. The other attractions include beautiful beaches.aspx] Tourist Attractions in India: India is a country known for its lavish treatment to all visitors. rich fauna. jewellery. India made it to the list of "rising stars" or the countries that are likely to become major tourist destinations in the next five years.ibef. [www. ayurveda and natural health resorts and hill stations also attract tourists. no matter where they come from. Its visitor-friendly traditions. with many World Heritage Sites. moving up three places on the list of the world's attractive destinations. as well as appears among the top 5 in the best country brand for authenticity and art & It is estimated through survey that nearly forty per cent of the tourist expenditure on shopping is spent on such items. technological parks and science museums for science tourism.ibef. both natural and cultural. carpets. China. medical tourism in India is the fastest growing segment of tourism industry. The Indian handicrafts particularly. Yoga. and Vietnam. [www. The report adds .World Economic Forum. trains and hotels for heritage tourism.aspx] Moreover. India also claimed the second place in CBI's "best country brand for history". according to the market research report “Booming Medical Tourism in India”. leather goods. a leading global brand consultancy. The 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi are expected to significantly boost tourism in India further. heritage. centres of pilgrimage for spiritual tourism. India also bagged 37th rank for its air transport network. Despite the economic slowdown.

Factors such as low cost. the campaign ‘Visit India Year 2009’ was launched at the International Tourism Exchange in Berlin. Capital investment in India's travel and tourism sector is expected to grow at 8. released by the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) and its strategic partner Oxford Economics in March 2009: • • • • • The demand for travel and tourism in India is expected to grow by 8. Future Prospects: According to the latest Tourism Satellite Accounting (TSA) research.5 billion in the travel and tourism sector in 2019. India is projected to become the fifth fastest growing business travel destination from 2010-2019 with an estimated real growth rate of 7. The Year 1999 was celebrated as Explore India Millennium Year by presenting a spectacular tableau on the cultural heritage of India at the Republic Day Parade and organising India Tourism Expo in New Delhi and Khajuraho. The government joined hands with leading airlines.that India offers a great potential in the medical tourism industry. accommodation and trained manpower in sufficient number. tour operators and tourist transport operators.2 per cent between 2010 and 2019 and will place India at the third position in the world. holiday resorts and tour operators. The hotel and tourismrelated industry has been declared a high priority industry for foreign investment which entails automatic approval of direct investment up to 51 per cent of foreign equity and allowing 100 per cent non-resident Indian investment and simplifying rules regarding the grant of approval to travel agents. aimed to project India as an attractive destination for holidaymakers.000 by 2019. .8 per cent between 2010 and 2019. The first-ever Indian Tourism Day was celebrated on January 25. Initiatives to Boost Tourism: Some of the recent initiatives taken by the Government to boost tourism include grant of export house status to the tourism sector and incentives for promoting private investment in the form of Income Tax exemptions. accessibility to tourist destinations. interest subsidy and reduced import duty. Moreover.6 per cent. hoteliers. scale and range of treatments provided in the country add to its attractiveness as a medical tourism destination. 1998. India's travel and tourism sector is expected to be the second largest employer in the world. Constraints: The major constraint in the development of tourism in India is the non-availability of adequate infrastructure including adequate air seat capacity.037. 2009. and offered them a wide range of incentives and bonuses during the period between April and December. employing 40. The report forecasts India to get capital investment worth US$ 94.

POSITIVE IMPACTS 1. poor hygienic conditions and incidents of touting and harassment of tourists in some places are factors that contribute to poor visitor experience. the Taj Mahal.23% to the national GDP and 8. It contributes 6. The development of infrastructure has in turn induced the development of other directly productive activities. 3. health care facilities. This has favourable impact on the balance of payment of the country. tourism also helps in conserving the natural habitats of many endangered species.4% annual growth rate. Preservation of National Heritage and Environment: Tourism helps preserve several places which are of historical importance by declaring them as heritage sites. IMPACT OF TOURISM IN INDIA Tourism industry in India has several positive and negative impacts on the economy and society. However. in addition to the hotels and high-end restaurants that cater to foreign visitors. poverty alleviation and sustainable human development.5 billion by 2018 at a 9. Source of Foreign Exchange Earnings: Tourism is an important source of foreign exchange earnings in India. Almost 20 million people are now working in the India’s tourism industry. 6. and promoting cross-cultural awareness. protecting the environment. 4. the Qutab Minar. Likewise. These impacts are highlighted below. Developing Infrastructure: Tourism tends to encourage the development of multiple-use infrastructure that benefits the host community. due to inadequate infrastructural facilities. and sports centers. Ajanta and Ellora temples. For instance. The tourism industry in India generated about US$100 billion in 2008 and that is expected to increase to US$275. etc. including various means of transports. Promoting Peace and Stability: Honey and Gilpin (2009) suggests that the tourism industry can also help promote peace and stability in developing country like India by providing jobs. Generating Income and Employment: Tourism in India has emerged as an instrument of income and employment generation. .78% of the total employment in India.Poor visitor experience. would have been decayed and destroyed had it not been for the efforts taken by Tourism Department to preserve them. diversifying the economy. 5. generating income. particularly.

This may further lead to violence and other crimes committed against the tourists. the more the perceived risk of that place losing its identity. prostitution and human trafficking. Increased transport and construction activities led to large scale deforestation and destabilisation of natural landforms. 2. From the late 60's to the early 80's when the Hippy culture was at its height. Flow of tourists to ecologically sensitive areas resulted in destruction of rare and endangered species due to trampling. mechanisms to reduce crime and corruption. killing. Here they came in thousands and changed the whole culture of the state leading to a rise in the use of drugs. untreated sewage. 4. 3. Undesirable Social and Cultural Change: Tourism sometimes led to the destruction of the social fabric of a community. water pollution. A good example is Goa. ambient environment and general profile of tourist spots. This has often created a sense of antipathy towards the tourists and the government. Creating a Sense of Antipathy: Tourism brought little benefit to the local community. hotels and other international companies. while increased tourist flow led to increase in solid waste dumping as well as depletion of water and fuel resources. In most all-inclusive package tours more than 80% of travelers’ fees go to the airlines. Increase Tension and Hostility: Tourism can increase tension. The more tourists coming into a place. NEGATIVE IMPACTS 1. not to local businessmen and workers. The recent crime committed against Russian tourist in Goa is a case in point. preventing local farmers and workers from reaping the benefit of their presence. large hotel chain restaurants often import food to satisfy foreign visitors and rarely employ local staff for senior management positions. Noise pollution from vehicles and public address systems. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM IN INDIA . also have direct effects on bio-diversity. This had a ripple effect on the country. and suspicion between the tourists and the local communities when there is no respect and understanding for each other’s culture and way of life. etc. hostility. disturbance of breeding habitats. vehicular emissions. must be addressed if peace-enhancing benefits from this industry are to be realized. Moreover. Goa was a haven for such hippies.key challenges like adoption of regulatory frameworks. Adverse Effects on Environment and Ecology: One of the most important adverse effects of tourism on the environment is increased pressure on the carrying capacity of the ecosystem in each tourist locality. etc.

The development of tourism has moved the Indian government towards this direction leading to improved environmental management. Such funds can be used for overall conservation programs and activities. User fees. Improved Environmental Management and Planning Sound environmental management of tourism facilities and especially hotels can increase the benefits to natural environment. Special fees for park operations or conservation activities can be collected from tourists or tour operators. conservation and restoration of biological diversity and sustainable use of natural resources. such as park ranger salaries and park maintenance. and license fees for activities such as rafting and fishing can provide governments with the funds needed to manage natural resources. 2. Raising Environmental Awareness Tourism has the potential to increase public appreciation of the environment and to spread awareness of environmental problems when it brings people into closer contact with nature and the environment. Contributions to Government Revenues The Indian government through the tourism department also collect money in more far-reaching and indirect ways that are not linked to specific parks or conservation areas. pristine sites and . 6. Revenue from parkentrance fees and similar sources can be allocated specifically to pay for the protection and management of environmentally sensitive areas.The tourism industry in India can have several positive and negative impact on the environment which are discuss below. This confrontation heightens awareness of the value of nature among the community and lead to environmentally conscious behavior and activities to preserve the environment. 3. income taxes. avoiding the gradual deterioration of environmental assets significant to tourism. Because of their attractiveness. Protection and Preservation of Environment Tourism can significantly contribute to environmental protection. POSITIVE IMPACTS 1. By planning early for tourism development. taxes on sales or rental of recreation equipment. damaging and expensive mistakes can be prevented. Direct Financial Contributions Tourism can contribute directly to the conservation of sensitive areas and habitat. 4.

Increased construction of tourism and recreational facilities has increased the pressure on these resources and on scenic landscapes.g. and other raw materials that may already be in short supply. is one of the most critical natural resources. Sikkim and Assam.gdrc. In Depletion of Natural Resources: Tourism development can put pressure on natural resources when it increases consumption in areas where resources are already scarce. food.). many destinations have ten times more inhabitants in the high season as in the low season.html). (i) Water resources: Water. the issue of water scarcity is of particular concern. Greater extraction and transport of these resources exacerbates the physical impacts associated with their exploitation. Negative Impacts 1. as well as generating a greater volume of waste water. especially fresh water. This can result in water shortages and degradation of water supplies. both renewable and nonrenewable. swimming pools. fossil fuels. A high demand is placed upon these resources to meet the high expectations tourists often have (proper heating. fertile soil. new laws and regulations have been enacted to preserve the forest and to protect native species. Direct impact on natural resources. The coral reefs around the coastal areas and the marine life that depend on them for survival are also protected. Pollution . hot water. In dryer regions like Rajasthan. (www. etc. and the use of building materials (www.natural areas are identified as valuable and the need to keep the attraction alive can lead to creation of national parks and wildlife parks. (ii) Local resources: Tourism can create great pressure on local resources like energy. in the provision of tourist facilities is caused by the use of land for accommodation and other infrastructure provision.html) Forests often suffer negative impacts of tourism in the form of deforestation caused by fuel wood collection and land clearing e. the trekking in the Himalayan region. The tourism industry generally overuses water resources for forests. golf courses and personal use of water by tourists. (iii) Land degradation: Important land resources include minerals. Because of the seasonal character of the industry. 2. wetland and wildlife.

html). oil and chemicals.html).html). noise. oxygen cylinders and even camping equipment. it causes distress to wildlife. scenic areas. which cover the filter-feeding corals. (iii) Sewage: Construction of hotels. and even hearing loss for humans. In mountain areas of the Himalayas and Darjeeling. Sewage runoff causes serious damage to coral reefs because it stimulates the growth of algae. as well as recreational vehicles is an ever-growing problem of modern Examples of such pollution can be seen in the coastal states of Goa. and roadsides. and rail is continuously increasing in response to the rising number of tourist activities in India. solid waste and littering.rivers. even architectural/visual pollution (www.gdrc. Maharashtra. especially from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions related to transportation energy use. Changes in salinity and siltation can have wide-ranging impacts on coastal environments. . trekking tourists generate a great deal of waste. especially in sensitive areas (www. Such practices degrade the environment particularly in remote areas because they have few garbage collection or disposal facilities (www. stress.gdrc. And it can contribute to severe local air pollution. Air pollution from tourist transportation has impacts on the global level. Transport emissions and emissions from energy production and use are linked to acid rain.Tourism can cause the same forms of pollution as any other industry: air emissions. Some of these impacts are quite specific to tourist activities where the sites are in remote areas like Ajanta and Ellora temples.gdrc. Noise pollution from airplanes. Kerela. Wastewater has polluted seas and lakes surrounding tourist attractions. etc. (ii) Solid waste and littering: In areas with high concentrations of tourist activities and appealing natural attractions. cars. releases of In addition to causing annoyance. hindering their ability to survive. waste disposal is a serious problem and improper disposal can be a major despoiler of the natural environment . global warming and photochemical pollution. road. recreation and other facilities often leads to increased sewage pollution. tour buses often leave their motors running for hours while the tourists go out for an excursion because they want to return to a comfortably air-conditioned bus. Tourists on expedition leave behind their garbage. Tamil Nadu. damaging the flora and fauna. For example. and buses. (i) Air and Noise Pollution: Transport by And sewage pollution can threaten the health of humans and animals.

Destruction and Alteration of Ecosystem An ecosystem is a geographic area including all the living organisms (people. and basically a service industry. Safaris and wildlife watching activities have a degrading effect on habitat as they often are accompanied by the noise and commotion created by tourists. it would be necessary that all wings of the Central and State governments. But much more remains to be done. Tourism in India should be developed in such a way that it accommodates and entertains visitors in a way that is minimally intrusive or destructive to the environment and sustains & supports the native cultures in the locations it is operating in. animals. For example. Moreover. Examples may be cited from Krushedei Island near Rameswaram. Tamil Nadu. riversides. are often transitional zones. water. characterized by speciesrich ecosystems. plants. Kerela. since tourism is a multi-dimensional activity. Moreover. and the natural cycles that sustain . Eco-tourism needs to be promoted so that tourism in India helps in preserving and sustaining the diversity of the India's natural and cultural environments. Another area of concern which emerged at Jaisalmer is regarding the deterioration of the desert ecology due to increased tourist activities in the desert.3. and mountain tops and slopes. private sector and voluntary organisations become active partners in the endeavour to attain sustainable growth in tourism if India is to become a world player in the tourism industry. wildlife viewing can bring about stress for the animals and alter their natural behavior when tourists come too close. their physical surroundings (such as soil. What was once called paradise for marine biologists has been abandoned due to massive destruction of coral and other marine life. and microorganisms). and air). CONCLUSION Tourism industry in India is growing and it has vast potential for generating employment and earning large amount of foreign exchange besides giving a fillip to the country’s overall economic and social development. http://trcollege. Attractive landscape sites. The threats to and pressures on these ecosystems are often severe because such places are very attractive to both tourists and developers. lakes. habitat can be degraded by tourism leisure activities. such as sandy beaches in Goa. Maharashtra.

become an effective instrument of growth if it is developed through proper planning as a positive force to stimulate economic activity. Raveendran Department of Tourism. International tourism was worth about 321 billion U. town or village. Tourism is also a source of amenities for the resident population of the tourist destinations. Tourism generates income and employment in the tourist receiving regions. . thus. foster national integration and mutual understanding of people of every nation.J. thus. travel agencies and tour operators also need several men and women with a variety of skills which are not too difficult to master. therefore. 1994). an established infrastructure often acts as an attraction to new and less directly related economic activities. improve ecology. Tourism also provides high potential for self employment in a variety of ancillaries such as horticulture and handicrafts. Dollars during 1994 involving 528 million tourist visits (WTO.S. religious and business interests.Tourism and Information Technology G. The economic consequences of this phenomenon are wide ranging. 1976). S. shopping and entertainment facilities than they would be able to support otherwise (Burkart. Tourism expenditure. income and amenities for the resident population are. Transport Bhawan. the three main beneficial effects of tourism which apply to a greater or lesser extent to any tourist destination. the residents may enjoy a higher standard of public transport. region. It makes the best use of resources which may not be used otherwise. These benefits are of particular significance to developing countries as no sophisticated technology is required to establish such facilities. and Medlik. Over and above. The main consideration for the development of tourism in several countries is. which in turn forms the base and stimulus for the diversification of the economy and for the development of other industries. The airlines. sales girls. In some locations. education and entertainment. its balancing impact on the foreign trade account. The spectrum of employment generated by tourism varies from highly trained communication and computer specialists to room boys. A. Because of visitor's arrival. Significance of Tourism International tourism receipts form part of the balance of payment accounts of individual countries and are of major significance to both developed and developing countries. New Delhi-110 001. Introduction Tourism is essentially an expression of natural human instinct for experience. The motivations for tourism also include social. receptionists. The provision of employment. waiters and unskilled workers. tourism may provide an infrastructure. stimulates an economy beyond the sectors concerned with tourism. thus. be it a country.. Tourism can.

the grandeur of its snow-capped mountain tops. Tourism. poultry. culture and human life. horticulture. The rich beauty of its ancient monuments. handicrafts. but also generates a further multiplier effect through a successive chain of transactions.Apart from its direct contribution to the economy. etc. The exploitation of rural areas and the less developed countrysides through schemes such as outdoor treks. makes for a product mix that can take in almost the entire world. its colourful crowded bazars. etc. thus. Such an involvement of the rural and interior areas can have a constructive effect on re-distributing the earnings from tourism. the international tourist traffic to the country still continues to be comparatively less though there has been considerable growth over the years and it has emerged as one of the largest foreign exchange eraners of the country. As a result of this twin set of multiplier effects— indirect and induced—additional income and employment opportunities are generated through each successive transaction. beach and mountain resorts. will not only induce more employment. the quiet back waters and beautiful beaches and above all its friendly and charming people make India a land of tourist paradise. construction. These national resources would otherwise be underutilised as there are few competing claims for their use. The additional consumption demand. Despite these favourable factors. It is also a secular country with a heritage of an all encompassing ancient culture and cosmopolitan tinge. people. Several items of tourist expenditure induce a chain of transactions in various other sectors. far from the maddening crowds of urban areas will lead to the development of such areas. Tourists normally seek out areas in the interior of the countries for reasons of purity of environment. but attract the attention of visiting tourists. while contributing substantially to the economy of the region. offers itself as a way of economically utilising resources which would otherwise remain either idle or underutilised. scenic beauty and its outdoor appeal. Further those directly or indirectly employed following the development of tourism may also demand more goods and services as a result of such employment that what they would have demanded otherwise. Each such transaction calls for the supply of some kind of goods and services. . tourism has significant linkages with several other sectors of the economy like agriculture. The millions of international tourists who are constantly on the move in search of recreation and pleasure support the promotion of such arts and crafts. The impact of tourism on regional development and distribution of income is also significant. Tourism in India India is a democracy at its best with more than 900 million people steering the path of progress. This vast land with its enormous diversity of history. Tourism also contributes significantly to the development of art and handicrafts. the beat and rhythm of its folk and classical dances. privacy. thus emanating from tourist expenditure.

Fully automated rental transaction systems n — National's "Smart Key" machine and Budget's "Remote Transaction Book" came into existence.7 crores in 1951. The foreign exchange earning from tourism is estimated to be about Rs. which is of particular significance to India is its contribution to national integration. maintain waiting lists. In the case of tourism.7 jobs in the case of agriculture and 12. display preferred airlines or classes. Yet another major contribution of technological developments in computers and communication systems to tourism is the computerised reservation systems (CRS). The direct employment in the sector during 1994-95 was about 7. computers and communication systems. The labour-capital ratio per million rupee of investment at 1985-86 prices in the hotel and restaurant sector is 89 jobs as against 44. Over 100 million domestic tourists visiting different parts of the country every year return with a better understanding of the cultural diversity of people living in different regions and carry with them a feeling of friendship and peace. 7400 crores as against Rs.8 million persons accounting for about 2. issue tickets and boarding passes. It reduced the distances between the nations to a matter of few hours. fares and seat availability. the assembly of the first commercial steamer by Robert Fulton in 1807 and the production of first successful locomotive by George Stephenson in 1814 introduced several means of mass transport. The system can also make reservations . particularly in remote and backward areas. These systems can now inform subscribers about schedules.4% of the total labour force. The developments in computer and communication technologies have made it possible to have rental cars with computerised driving directions and self-service video-terminals at rental counters in high traffic airports.Tourism is presently the third largest export industry in India . Technology & Tourism Tourism in its present form is a post war phenomenon developed essentially as a consequence of technological developments in the fields of automibiles. however. aircrafts. the ratio becomes 47. Although sails were the earliest means of transport. A third impact of tourism. search for the lowest fare available or the first available non-stop flight and calculate fares for domestic and international itineraries.5 jobs and is still higher than most other segments. The most beneficial impact of tourism is its capacity to generate large scale employment opportunities.6 jobs in the case of manufacturing industries. railways. record bookings. the advent of air transportation during twentieth century which revolutionalised the phenomenon of international tourism. the invention of steam powered automobile by Nicholas Joseph Cugnot in 1769. It is thus clear that tourism can play a major role in resolving the problem of large scale unemployment in the country provided it is developed on the desired lines with major inputs and initiatives from the Central Government. It was.the first two being gem and jewellery and ready made garments. ships. after combining the relevant individual segments. 7.

rail and accommodation sectors contain such information. restaurant and shopping facilities • Activities and entertainment facilities • Seasons of visit and other unique features • Quality of facilities and their standard prices including exchange rates • Entry and exit formalities and restrictions if any on tourists. the actual benefits in money terms accrue to the tourism industry consisting of the destination managers and service providers. history. Technological revolutions in the last few decades and the consequent changes in the social systems accelerated its intensity in the current century. tour operators. They need the information in the easiest retrieval format so that the information needs of the clients are met as quickly as possible. landscape. climate. stored and disseminated on a real time basis. etc. culture and other special features of the place • Accessibility though air. therefore. railways. Information on those features which do not change rapidly over time is termed as static information. tariffs of transport and accommodation units and current availability of such facilities is considered as dynamic as they can change very frequently. attraction features. etc. and reservation system store such information in respect of each destination to service their clients and improve their business. facilities available. Aplication of Information Technologies . Information Needs in Tourism Travel is a basic human instinct.for other services like hotels. Information about airline. These items of information have to be gathered. climate. Tourists generally need both static and dynamic information. Thus. All types of reservation systems including air. boat charters. rail and road and availability of scheduled means of transport • Accommodation. Though the ultimate users of this information are the consumers ie. etc. car rentals. cruises. There is. tours. tourism is presently a mass phenomenon involving every human being in the world. The travel intermediaries like travel agents. a strong competition amongst various destination countries in the world to produce and package such information in the most attractive format to attract the consumers from the tourist generating countries. They need detailed information about each place they intend to visit. the tourists. • Attraction features • Social customs. water. train and bus schedules. theartres and sporting events. It includes details information about location. The specific elements of such information needs are : • Geographical information on location.

opened up a new source of online information on tourism and are being expanded continuously. the Department of Tourism took the first initiative to introduce information technology in tourism in the year 1989 by establishing TOURNET with the technical assistance of CMC Ltd. etc. PARS. etc. JALCOM. though they are the most inefficient means of information. tourist attractions and facilities became available for online access in several countries. produced and published by different countries. Soon multimedia CDs on specific tourism products made their appearance. Apart from the government initiatives. The network consisted of 35 information nodes installed in the field offices of the Department of Tourism located in different parts of the country. a few private firms are also active in the field and a few CDs on Indian tourism are already available through their efforts. The Indian Scenario In India. . brochures. Each node was provided with a CD containing textual database on all the major tourist destinations in the country. The CD-ROM technology also took the tourism industry by storm. Several such titles are presently available in the market. In the online field. the basic sources of information in the tourism sector were pamphlets. The last few decades witnessed the application of computer and communication technologies in the field of tourism. The next few years are likely to witness a rapid growth in CD titles covering every aspect of tourism due to improved marketing efforts and increased competitions. multimedia databases on tourism have been developed by Rajasthan and Maharashtra Tourism Departments with the assistance of some of the private software development firms. Amadeus. Two distinct streams of information sources viz. Each node contained a CD-drive apart from the usual configuration of floppy drives and hard discs. directories. Recently. The intention is to bring out a marketable product for sale within India and abroad.Till a few years ago. guide books. The latest sources of online information is INTERNET which contains some pages on most of the tourist destinations in the world. Further hotel management and catering technology is fast emerging as an area of information technology application in the field of tourism. the CRS Amadeus and PARS are already operational in India. QAMTAM and ABASUS. Sabre. Databases containing information about places. These sources prevail even today. The Central Department of Tourism is presently trying to tie-up with some of the private software development firms to produce a series of multimedia CDs covering all the tourist destinations in India. CD titles which came in the market during the initial period mostly contained geographical information. The emergence of computerised reservations system (CRS) like Galileo. INTERNET facilities are also presently available in India. Amadeus was established in 1993 and PARS came in 1995. (i) online and (ii) offline came into existence.

The Problems and Issues The problems and issues concerning information technology applications in tourism are the following: 1. However. It is. Tourism in India is relatively young and is not well organised to absorb the advances in information technology. MADHYA PRADESH Tourism Location : Central part of India Capital City : Bhopal Major Attractions : Pachmarhi. therefore. There has not been any specific policy or co-ordinated approach so far for the development of information products on tourism at the national level. In the absence of such units. 3. It is yet to be evolved and implemented. Bhedaghat Mostly Visited For : Khajuraho Temples http://www.shubhyatra. The information industry in India presently consists of a few software development firms. and some information centres in the Government sector. They generally lack technical and financial resources and their scale of operation it too limited to take advantage of information technology. there are no database vendors in India who prepare their own databases and market . all efforts are Government dominated and the products are generally not available in the market. Bandhavgarh National Park. essential to provide adequate Government support and incentives for the development of such industries in India. 2.

op 5 Reason s for Madhy a Prades h Touris m Because It Is The Heart of India Madhya Pradesh is called the heart of India. exquisite temples. Many Moods of Men At Khajuraho MP is famous throughout the world for the temples of Khajuraho. High On The Hills During your holiday visit to MP. but also because it has been home to a rich cultural heritage in the form of innumerable monuments. from apparent to sublime. the Sanchi Stupa is the finest example of ancient classical art. built in the 10th and 11th century. magnificent stupas that doll up the verdant landscape of MP. not only because of its location in the centre of the country. The Cradle of Buddhism Renowned for the oldest Buddhist stupas in the world. whose internal and external walls are embellished with exquisite stone carvings which portray every moods of life. do visit the picturesque hills of Satpura with their soul at Pachmarhi. a pretty hill station on the crown of this riverine state. Lose yourself in the cascading waterfalls. from the erotic to the divine. deepblue pools. The . ravines and a maze of gorges sculpted in red sandstone offer a quiet escape into nature.

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