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# Department of Mechanical Engineering

MEMB443 MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS

Course Code Course Status Level Semester Taught Credit Pre-requisites

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MEMB443 Elective (Technical) Degree 8 3 MEMB333 Machine Design MESB313 Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Systems

Assessments

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Assignments (2 x 15%) Test Final Exam

30% 20% 50%

Lecturer

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Assoc. Prof. Ir. Dr. Jawaid I. Inayat-Hussain* Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hanim Salleh *BN-3-085, Tel.: 03-89212020 ext. 2263

Course Description
This course covers the main aspects of mechanical vibrations that includes the following topics: equations of motion of single- and multi-degree-of-freedom systems, free and forced vibration analysis of undamped and damped systems, response to steady-state excitation, coordinate coupling and semidefinite systems, modeling of multi-degree-of-freedom systems via Lagrange’s equation, vibration of continuous systems, design of vibration isolation systems and dynamic absorbers.

Course Objectives
1. To instill an appreciation for the role of vibration in the design and operation of machines and structures. 2. To develop the skills to translate a physical model of a vibratory system to an appropriate mathematical model. 3. To develop the ability to analyze and predict vibration characteristics and response of mechanical and structural systems. 4. To develop the ability to design mechanical and structural systems to achieve the desired vibration characteristics and response.

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and multi-degree-of-freedom systems. 3. Compute the natural frequencies and mode shapes of single. Design a passive vibration isolation system and / or passive vibration absorber to suppress vibration in a forced system. X PO1 PO2 X PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 X X 4. Determine the vibration response of a single-degreeof-freedom system based upon the initial conditions and / or harmonic forcing input.Department of Mechanical Engineering Course Outcomes Course Outcomes 1. 2. 2 . Determine the exact natural frequencies and mode shapes of simple one-dimensional continuous systems. Apply the principles of Lagrange’s equation to derive the equations of motion of multi-degree-of-freedom systems. 5. Apply Newton’s 2nd law and free body diagram approach to derive the equations of motion for singleand multi-degree-of-freedom systems. The number of assignments will be determined by the course coordinator at the start of the semester. X 6. X Assessments* Assignments Test Final Exam * Notes: CO1 X X X CO2 X X X CO3 X X X CO4 X CO5 X CO6 X X X X Individual assignments are to be given throughout the semester.

2011.Department of Mechanical Engineering Course Outline 1. 3 . Theory of Vibration with Applications. Engineering Vibrations. 7. 5. Mechanical Vibrations. *Note: Mission and Vision of UNITEN are presented in Appendix A. 5th SI Edition. 5th Edition. 2007. Textbook S. Program Outcomes (PO) are given in Appendix B. 6. Rao. T. Dahleh. 1998. Fundamentals of Vibrations Basic concepts of vibration Classification of vibration Spring. 3rd Edition. 4. 3. D. Thomson and M. J. mass or inertia. and damping elements Harmonic motion Free Vibration of Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Vibration analysis procedure Free vibration of an undamped translational system Free vibration of an undamped torsional system Rayleigh’s energy method Free vibration with viscous damping Harmonically Excited Vibration of Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Equation of motion Response of an undamped system under harmonic force Response of a damped system under harmonic force Response of a damped system under the harmonic motion of the base Response of a damped system under rotating unbalance Two-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Equations of motion for forced vibration Free vibration analysis of an undamped system Torsional system Coordinate coupling and principal coordinates Semi-definite systems Lagrange’s Equations Generalized coordinates and generalized forces Using Lagrange’s equations to derive equations of motion Equations of motion of undamped systems in matrix form Vibration of Continuous Systems Transverse vibration of a string or cable Longitudinal vibration of a bar or rod Torsional vibration of a shaft or rod Lateral vibration of beams Vibration Control Vibration isolation Undamped dynamic vibration absorbers 2. Prentice Hall. Prentice Hall. Program Education Objectives (PEO) are given in Appendix A. S. Pearson. Inman. References W. D.

103. 2.64.8 5.10.6 – 3.4.7 6.39.1 – 8. 1.50 8.1 8.76 2. 3. 9. 2.1 – 3.31.3.3 – 5. 1.3 2. 9.5. 2.4.7 5.46 9. 3.72. 9. 5. 2. 8.45. 1. ** 1. 2011 4 . 2.94.3. 8.33.1 ** Topics coverage based on the textbook: S.16.5.6.10 1.9. 5.6 – 6. 5. 2.49.1 – 8.1 – 5.11. 8.92 2.27. 9.5.73 3.4 3.49 5. Rao. S. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering MEMB443 MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS Course Schedule & Problem Solving Exercises Semester 3 (2011/2012) 30 January 2012 – 04 May 2012 Week 1 (30 Jan – 03 Feb) 2 (06 Feb – 10 Feb) 3 (13 Feb – 17 Feb) 4 (20 Feb – 24 Feb) 5 (27 Feb – 02 Mar) 6 (05 Mar – 09 Mar) 7 (12 Mar – 16 Mar) 8 (19 Mar – 23 Mar) 9 (26 Mar – 30 Mar) 10 (02 Apr – 06 Apr) 11 (09 Apr – 13 Apr) 12 (16 Apr – 20 Apr) 13 (23 Apr – 27 Apr) 14 (30 Apr – 04 May) Sec. 8. 8. 9. 8.37.9.1 – 9.41.10.1 – 1.2 5.27.108 3. 5. 2.66. 1.5.1 – 2. 3.2 9.4. 5th SI Edition.28 8.6.71 5.7 – 1.72.65.11.4 5.3 Chapters Fundamentals of Vibrations Free Vibration of Single-Degree-ofFreedom Systems Free Vibration of Single-Degree-ofFreedom Systems Harmonically Excited Vibration of Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Harmonically Excited Vibration of Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Harmonically Excited Vibration of Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Two-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Two-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Two-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Lagrange’s Equations Vibration of Continuous Systems Vibration of Continuous Systems Vibration Control Vibration Control Problem Solving Exercises ** 1.33.5 – 2.2.5. Mechanical Vibrations.61 3.36 5.2. 3. 9.4 9.1.44. 1. Pearson.43.95. 8.8 8.6 3. 8.34 3.36 9.

the Creator 2. 60% registered in professional bodies. Revere knowledge 4. 10% professional engineers. production and maintenance. 5 . PEO3 have professional qualifications/certifications in mechanical engineering related areas. PEO4 are actively engaged in mechanical engineering activities.Department of Mechanical Engineering Appendix A Vision of UNITEN To be a premier university in Engineering. Strive towards world class excellence 3. Enhance human values in tandem with the role of trustee of the Almighty. production and maintenance. and 5. physical condition and faith in the Almighty. 80% mechanical engineers. in specialized areas such as design. Seek harmony amidst mankind from varied cultures and background Program Educational Objectives (PEO) Program Educational Objectives PEO No. PEO2 30% senior engineers. Advance intellectualism through enhancement of knowledge. PEO1 hold senior engineering positions. Performance Criteria UNITEN produces Mechanical Engineering Graduates who are practicing engineers in mechanical engineering with the ability to venture into other related fields. IT and Business Mission of UNITEN We are committed to deliver a unique and enriching learning experience that fosters innovation and research Philosophy of UNITEN 1. spiritual attainment. 60% work in specialized areas such as design.

but all that is required is the bringing to mind of the appropriate information. comprehend professional and ethical responsibilities. function effectively as a team member as well as a leader. and be able to engage in life-long learning. A . cultural. C1 and C2 C3 C4 C5 and C6 C2 C2 P P A A A PO No.Analysis: The ability to break down material into its component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. acknowledge the need for. a plan of operations (research proposal). C2 . interests. This may include the identification of the parts. or a set of abstract relations (scheme for classifying information). P . C3 . 6 . by interpreting material (explaining or summarizing). concepts. This may involve the recall of a wide range of material. PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 C . from specific facts to complete theories. C4 .Affective: Affective domain includes manner we deal with things emotionally (e. methods. C5 – Synthesis (Design): The ability to put parts together to form a new whole. science and mechanical engineering principles. poem. C6 . The judgments are to be based on definite criteria. appreciation.Psychomotor: Psychomotor domain includes physical movement. enthusiasms. analysis of the relationships between parts. laws.Knowledge: Remembering of previously learned material. This may include the application of such things as rules. attitudes.Evaluation: The ability to judge the value of material (statement. apply engineering and related principles in solving problems relevant to mechanical engineering.Application: The ability to use learned material in new and concrete situations. research report) for a given purpose. novel. appreciate the social. comprehend the principles of sustainable development.Department of Mechanical Engineering Appendix B Program Outcomes (PO) Bloom’s Domains and Levels Students graduating from the mechanical engineering program must be able to acquire and understand fundamental knowledge of mathematics. principles. global and environmental responsibilities of a professional engineer with awareness of contemporary issues. processes and systems related to mechanical engineering. and by estimating future trends (predicting consequences or effects). motivations) that might result from instruction. coordination and use of the motor skill areas. This may involve the production of a unique communication (theme or speech). and recognition of the organizational principles involved. This may be shown by translating material from one form to another (words to numbers). feelings. apply engineering tools and techniques effectively and correctly in engineering design and experiments.g. C1 . communicate effectively. apply critical thinking in designing and evaluating components.Cognitive: Cognitive domain involves knowledge and the development of intellectual skills.Comprehension: The ability to grasp the meaning of material. analyze mechanical engineering related problems. and theories. These may be internal criteria (organization) or external criteria (relevance to the purpose) and the student may determine the criteria or be given them.